KONSEP-KONSEP SEL VOLTA

Sel Volta
1. Deret Volta/Nerst
a. Li, K, Ba, Ca, Na, Mg, Al, Mn, Zn
Fe Ni, Sn, Pb, (H), Cu, Hg, Ag, Pt, Au
b. akin ke kanan, 2udah direduksi sukar dioksidasi
akin ke kiri, 2udah dioksidasi sukar direduksi

. Prinsip
. Anoda terjadi reaksi oksidasi ; Katoda terjadi reaksi reduksi
2. Arus elektron : anoda F katoda ; Arus listrik katoda F anoda
. Je2batan gara2 2enyeti2bangkan ion-ion dala2 larutan
ACA SEL VOLTA
1. Sel Kering atau Sel Leclance
Katoda Karbon
Anoda Zn
Elektrolit Ca25uran beru5a 5asta MnO
2
+ NH
4
Cl + sedikit Air
. Sel Aki
= Katoda PbO
2

Anoda Pb
Elektrolit Larutan H2SO4
Sel sekunder
. Sel Bahan Bakar
Elektroda Ni
Elektrolit Larutan KOH
Bahan Bakar H
2
dan O
2

. Baterai Ni - Cd
Katoda NiO
2
dengan sedikit air
Anoda Cd

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