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An eleme tary pronunciat·o course



Ann Baker

rThree? Tree or'Fhree] Tree or ~eeorThree? Tree orThree? ree rThree? Tree orThree? Tree or ee or Three? Tree or Three? Tree tr Three? Tree or Three? Tree or ree orThree? Tree orThree? Tree rThree? Tree erThree? Tree or ee or Three ? Tree or Three ? Tree r Three? Tree r'Three] 1.1 ee or ree or Three?

INTRODUCING ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION

CAMBRIDGE

UNIVERSITY PRESS

I J I

9 780.521 282932

Tree or Threet

An elementary pronunciation course

This IS a pronunciation course for beginner and elementary students of English. It provides practice in the pronunciation of English sounds, word stress and intonation through a wi.de variety of intcres ting exercises and acti vi tics.

The course is carefully graded both lexicall y and structurall y to allow teachers to link the material with other course work. Suggested teaching methods as well as additional practice material can be found in the Teacher's Guide.

The book is accompanied by a recording of all the practice material on two cassettes, which are designed for use both in class and by students working alone.

The complete course consists of:

Tree or Threet Student's Book Cassettes I and 2

Introducing English Pronunciation A Teacher's Guide

ISBN 0-521-28293-4

.. ~

INTRODUCING ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION

Tree or Three?

An elementary pronunciation course

Ann Baker

with drawings by Leslie Marshall

"'"~''''' CAMBRIDGE

;:: UNIVERSITY PRESS

Published by the Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 IRP

40 West zoth Street, New York, NY IOOII-421I, USA

IO Stamford Road, Oakleigh, Melbourne, 3166, Australia

© Cambridge University Press 1982

First published 1982

Thirteenth printing 1993

Printed in Great Britain

by Bell & Bain Ltd, Glasgow

Library of Congress catalogue card number: 81-17994

British Library cataloguing in publication data Baker, Ann

Tree or three? - (Introducing English pronunciation) I. English language - Text-books for foreigners

2. English language - Pronunciation

I. Title II. Series

428. I

PEl 128

ISBN 0 52 I 28293 4 Tree or Three? Student's Book ISBN 0 521263557 Set of z cassettes

ISBN 052128580 I Introducing English Pronunciation, A Teacher's Guide

Copyright

The law allows a reader to make a single copy of part of a book

for purposes of private study. It does not allow the copying of entire books or the making of multiple copies of extracts. Written permission for any such copying must always be obtained from the publisher in advance.

KY

contents

To the student
To the teacher 2
I S (sun) 3 24 I (letter/ball) 60
2 z (zoo) 6 25 r (ram) 65
3 e (a camera) 10 26 silent r 6S
4 e (thin) 12 27 r /silen t r 70
.5 e (feather) 14 28 ra (beer) es (chair)
6 j: (sheep) J6 29 u (book) 74
7 1 (ship) 18 30 u: (boot) 77
8 f (fan) 22 31 t (tin) 79
9 v (van) 23 32 d (door) 81
10 w (window) 24 33 au (house) 84
II a (a camera) 27 34 ao (phone) 86
12 m (mouth) 30 35 sjlinking s 89
13 n '(nose) 31 36 I (shoe) 91
14 r] (ring) 34 37 3 (television) 93
15 e (pen) 37 38 t1 (cherry) 95
16 a; (man) 39 39 d3 Gam) 97
17 A (cup) 41 40 j (yellow) IQO
18 a: (heart) 43 41 er (tail) 102
9 h (hat) 46 42 :>1 (boy) 104
20 n (clock) 49 43 ai (fine) r05
21 0: (ball) 52 44 P (pen) b (baby).
22 a (a camera) 55 45 k (key) 9 (girl)
23 3: (girl) 58 46 s/z I 16 Answers to recorded recognition exercises 120

72

108 112

--

To the student

About this book

It is for beginner and elementary students of English as a Foreign Language.

What the book does

It teaches you to pron ounce English correctly. This is important if you want to talk to people in English and be understood by them. It also helps YOLl to understand people when they talk to you.

How to use the book

You will need to look at the book and listen carefully to the instructions on the cassettes. Sometimes you have to repeat what you hear; sometimes you have to ask or answer questions. Almost all the exercises are recorded on the cassettes and many of the activities you can do with a friend

L:J means the exercise is on the cassette .

.....0 means the answer is on pages 120 and J 2] of the book.

To the teacher

This is a pronunciation course for beginners and elementary students in English as a Foreign Language. Structures and, with very few exceptions, vocabulary are those familiar to most students at this level. So that beginners can have the advantage of a structurally graded course and at the same time practice material relevant to their needs, the sounds taught at the beginning of the book include those that nearly all students have difficulty with. The accompanying teacher's book provides notes on linking up this material with general structure teaching and spelling, information on pronunciation difficulties of different national groups, and suggestions for lesson procedures and further practice.

The course has been developed for use in the classroom as well as for students working alone. All exercises with this symbol L=.J are recorded on cassette together with additional practice material. The key symbol "lI""'-9 following an exercise indicates that the answers are given at the back of the book.

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Unit 1

5

sun

Exercise 1

Lis ten and repea t :

I a bus

4 a house

7 a pencil

JO a stick

2 a glass

5 a bicycle

8 a box

1 J a spoon

3 a horse

6 a policeman

9 a stat

12 a desk

11;1 J S (sun)

Sentence practice [=J EXA MPLE: Picture I

......,..

Student A: What's this?

Student B: It's a ~s.

Exercise 2 (::oJ

Dialogue:

....".

'vii 55 Smith: What's this, Sam?

Sa/II :

-,.

It's a bicycle.

Miss Smith: And what's this?

Sail/ :

It's a hduse.

l'vi/5S iuith: What's thls? A bfu? ..

alii: Yes.

-=- ,./

Miss Sinith : An d what's this? A horse?

....... .......

Sant : No, Miss Smith. It's a policeman!

Exercise 3 L::oJ

Sentence practice

EXAMPLEO cup 9 ggg

Answer:

r' ...

t s a cup.

They're ctips

I ship

-

Unit J S (sun)

2 shop rMm.

Jha, ~ <9~~

4ca' I iii

6 book

7 fork

8 desk

Exerc.ise 4 L.=J

Listen and repeat:

pencil picture bicycle policeman

answer umt dialogue example

listen student exercise

Unit :2
Z ~
<:'----
zoo q~
!J.

( )
voi"e Exercise 1 L:J

Listen and repeat;

sound 1

Sue

bus

pence pens

sound 2

zoo

buzz

Look at the pairs ofsentences below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) Look at that Sue! Look at that zoo!

b) Listen to that bu ! Li ten to that buzz!

c) Ten pence, please. Ten pens, please. "II"""'it-

Uuit 2 z (ZOO)

Exercise 2

~ Io_~

Listen and repeat:

. J

Is this a box?

N .:-,." 0, It IS11 t.

It's a h~se.

Sentence practice L:J

I horse

2 hat

3 star

4 cup

5 book 6 spoon

glass

cat

plate

the sun

box

EXAMPLE; Picture r

Student A: Is "this a hc;rse?

...... -..

Student B: No, it isn't. It's a cat.

Unit 2 Z (zoo)

Exercise 3

r:::::::l &.:--~

Sentence practice

EX AMPLE: Picture i

These are flowers and those are t~es.

I

2

~~I

flowers

girls

boys

3

cows

4

5

6

aeroplanes

$4~

D windows

,!/.~ birds

Exercise 4 l:J

ListeD and repeat:

question answer window isn't flower

exercise dialogue aeroplane bicycle

Unit 2 Z (zoo)

policeman example

Unit :I

a

a camera

In this unit the spelling shows the sound a.

Exercise 1 L:J

Listen and repeat:

questisn exsctse

answa dialogue

tIowa aeraplane

Sentence practice L=.J EX AMl?LE: Picture I

It's a policeman.

3 an aeroplane

paliceman

1 a palicemsn

2· a flows

4 a quesnsn

5 an answs

Unit 3 a (a camera)

Exercise 2 L:J

EXAMPLE:

plates

J Student A: a these plates?

Student B: No, they a"?en't.

I

2

3

fiB

doors

pencils

spoons

4

aeroplanes

trees

bicycles

7

8

shops

hats

Unit 4

8

thin

Exercise 1 8
Listen and repeat:
sound 1 sound 2
mouse mauch ~
Z :J[Q
r7 SUln thumb
--
q
sick thick Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

,

a) Is that a mouse? '

b) Look at chi sum.

c) It's sick.

Is that a mouth? Look at this thumb. It's thick.

Unit 4 8 (thin)

Exercise 2 L.=J

Listen and repea t:
Jst first 6th sixth
2nd second 7th seventh
3rd third 8th eighth
4th fourth 9th ninth
5th fifth IOth tenth Sentence practice Look at the picture.

EXAMPLE:

~ Student A: Which horse is third?

Teacher: Flower.

S d N .:"""'1, I' ......... 11.

tu ents : 0, It rsn t. t s sevent ..

Unit S

feather

Exercise 1 L:=.J

Listen and repeat:

This is

a 111<111

Now listen.

There are two boys here:

Sentence practice [a....!

EXAMPLE:

a woman

This is

a boy

TIlls is

a girL

Which boy is in the first piccure ? The boy wi.!b _t_b.e book or the boy with..the bicycle?

The boy with the book.

"""'>I.

Student A: Which boy is in the first picture?

Student B: The boy with the b~ok.

3

,

7

Exercise 2 L:J

Ullit 5 {j (feather)

4

5

6

Listen and repeat:

mother grandmother

father grandfather

brother

Sentence practice [:J This is Sue with a

picture of her family. Answer the questions below.

Which one is Sue' mother?

father? brother? grandmother?

grandfather?

W1uch one is Sue?

Unit 6

I:

sheep

Exercise 1 l=J

i:

MENU

sandwiches ~

Listen and repeat: S

A cheese 2 cheese ..

sandwich, I meat ....

please, and a cup of

..,.

tea.

nit 6 i: (sheep)

Practise from the menu:

Exercise 2 L.=J

Numbers and Letters:

Say these numbers:
three thirteen 3 13 4 14 5 IS 6 16 7 17 8 18 9 19
Sa y these letters: b c d e 0- p V
t>
Spell these words: cup thirteen book sheep tea
plate seventeen desk cheese meat
sandwich eighteen stick coffee please Unit 7

I

ship

Exercise 1 L=.J

LIsten and repeat:

i:~

sound 1

sound 2

Look at the pairs of senten ces below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) Look at the sheep.

b) These are beans.

c) Is rhis a meal?

sheep

ship

bean bin

mea] mill

Look at the ship. These are bins.

Is this a mill?

Exercise 2

sentence practice L:J EXAMPL E: Picture I

""""'-

It's a little sheep,

i. It's a little

4. It's a little .....

D

L'lIi! 7 I (ship)

3-

It's a big

6. It's a little ..

What's this?

.:»

~ It's a little baby.

Here are eight babies:

Q

2

LlSten and repeat: L_J

big little heavy hungry

Sentence practice

EXAMPLE: Picture I

I' ~

t S a little baby.

r::::::l _.iiiiiii~

happy

thirsty

funny

dirty

Unit 7 I (ship)
Exercise 3 EJ
Listen and repeat:
3 three I3 thirteen 30 thirty
4 four 14 fourteen 40 forty
5 five IS fifteen 50 fifty
6 SIX r6 ixteen 60 sixty
7 seven 17 seventeen 70 seventy
8 eight 18 eighteen 80 eighty
9 mne 19 nineteen 90 ninety Exercise 4 L=J

Lis ten an d repea r :

horses boxes

faces sixes

sandwiches

glasses buses

noses houses

Sentence practice L:J

EX AMPLE:

box

This i a b6x.

'""""'\ These are boxes.

[hom ~

2 glass

~i

.

:.

3 bus

Ullil7 I (ship)

4 six (J)

l face @

6 nose 4

7 house ~

8 andwich ~

44 uflim ~

Units

f

fan

Fou r Friendsl:J

Listen a11 d repea t:

some

flowers a telephone ~ a fly

~ a leaf

Fred and Fay

the floor

Finish these sentences:

j i fat.

2 Fay' hat .. _._ funny.

3 There' a . __ on the fl or.

4 There'_ a -.- . on Fred's head.

s The four _ _ .. ..... are in front of the fire.

unit 9

v

van

Exercise 1 L:1

VOle!.

Fred and Fay are visitors.

They are visiting Victor and Veta. What have Victor and Vera got?

They've got a telephone. They've gar some flowers.

They've got .

ow you try:

Sentence practice L:J

EX AMP L E: Student A: Have they got *a television?

Student B: No, they haven t.

*Substitute:

a bowl of fruit a vase of'flowers five fish

twelve forks eleven flowers seven flies

a very big fish

two very funny friends

Unit 10

w

window

Exercise 1

Listen and repeat:

voice.

sound2

wet

wmc

Look at the pairs of cnrcnccs below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) He's a vet student.

b) There's a little vine here.

c) hat's a veil.

sound 1

vet

vmc

veil whale

He' a wet student.

There's a Iirrle wine here. That' a whale.

Exercise 2 L=J

Listen and repeat:

What's the w~ather like?

It's warm.

Sentence practice

It's wet.

Uui: LO w (window)

It's windy.

EXAMPLE:

Student A: What's the weather like in ?

Student B:

It's

It's not

Exerci se 3 [=J

Listen and repeat:

What's this?

What's the wrlch like?

wet very warm windy

It's a watch.

o It's square.

» ,1[" quiet.

Unit 10 w (window)

What's the time?

C9 cg

It's quarter past twelve.

It's twenty past twelve.

Sentence practice

EXAMPLE:

Student A: What's the time? Student B: It's quarter past one.

Unit 11

a

a camera

~ ~

In this unit the spelling shows the sound fl.

E.xercise 1 L=J

What's this?

2

It's a cup afcoffee.

s

It's fl bowl affruit.

6

It's a vase afleaves.

7

8

It's a plate sf cakes.

Unit 11 Oil (a camera)

Exercise 2

EXAMPLE:

r::::::l I.,--~

_} Student A: Have you got the time?

Student B: Yes. It's eleven e'cldck

Exercise 3 l=J

EXAMPLE:

Ask and answer questions.

2

J

Student A: Have you got a telephone?

Sruden t B : Yes,! h~e. I No, r haven't.

3

6

4

5

C/liT 11 a (a camera)

7

8

9

10

II

12

] 3

14

IS

r6

Unit 11

m

mouth

Exercise 1 Lo=J

Listen and repeat: market

Corne to the market,

farm

Come to the farm.

Sentence practice L:J EXAMP LE: Picture I

"ojce

swimming pool

Come to the swimming pool.

home

Come home.

Come to the market with me.

unit 13

n

nose

Exercise 1

Li ten and repeat:

a) These ar mice.

b) That's my little Tim. e) That's her Mummy.

VOICe.

sound 1

sound 2

nl1ce

nice

Tim

tin

Mummy

money

hese are nice.

That's my little tin.

hat's her money. .....0

Unit 13 n (nose)

Exercise 2 L=.J

Numbers and Times

Listen and repeat:

I 9 IO 15

16

18

19

29·,

zr-

<:»:

nine o'clock in the tn~rning

C)Pffi

one o'clock in the aftern~on

e)Pffi

ten 0' clock in the ~ening

What's the thrie?

7 lesson seven

I I Listen to lesson eleven. 17 seventeen students

70 Seven students listen to lesson seventy.

Is this lesson seventy? No, it isn't!

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E)(ercise 3 L:J

Dialogue:

A: COlne to «:

with me tomorrow.

""

B: What time?

Nine

A: One o'clock.

Seven

Eleven

B: In the m6rtling?

A'. N T. 1, I evening I

o. in L1C f .

a ternoon

*Substitutc: the cinema

the town

the mountains

nit 13 n (nose)

the moon

Unit 14

nng

o

Exercise 1

Listen and repeat:

veice

sound 2

smg

smgmg

Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) Please don't sink 1

b) Are you sinking?

Exercise 2 L=J

sound 1

sink

sinking

Please don't sing! Are you singing?

Listen and repeat:

singing reading a book

talking smoking a pipe

cooking washing her hair

sleeping eating an apple

drinking.t~~

~, . .~_w~,,-~~· ... ·.·~*···.1\::,,,,&l;;·';;'."/!'·'"' ,.~

watching television playing table tennis listening to the radio

lJuil J4 I] (ring)

Exercise 3 L=.J

Sentence practice

Mr Long

EXAMPLES:

......",

t Mr Long is sleeping.

2 Student A: What's B~n doing?

Student B: He s reading a b~k and eating an ~ple.

Unit 14 '1 (ring)

Exercise 4 L:J

Dialogue

(Mrs Long is talking on the telephone.)

Mrs Young: Good morning, Mrs Long. How Me yeu? Mrs Long: I'm fute, thanks.

Mrs Young: What are you ~ing? Mrs Long : I'm ~oking .

....,.

Mrs Young: What are the children doing?

Mrs Long: Ben is r~ading. Anne is washing her lUrlr. Ron and Dan '"

are playing table tennis.

J

Mrs Young: And is your husband washing the car this morning?

Mrs Long: No, he fs;i't! He's s~eping!

unit 1 S
~
e l ~
(~
pen 0
e Exercise 1 L:J

Listen an d repeat:

sound1

sound 2

pm

pen

bin Ben

nn

ten

1I®

Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) Have you got a pin?

b) That's my bin.

c) That tin is very small.

lave you g t a pen?

That's my Ben.

Tha t ten is very small.

Unit 15 e (pen)

E.xercise2 L=.J

Listen and repeat:

Ben Betty clever

Fred Jenny very clever

better best

Ben, Jenny, Betty :md Fred are very clever.

Ben is a very good student.

Jenny is better than Ben.

Betty is better than Jenny.

Fred is the best student.

Now look at the pictures again and ask and answer questions. 5J EXAMPLES:

I Fred Ben

J Student A: Is Fred better than Ben?

Student B: Yes.

2 Ben Betty J

Student A: Is Ben better than Betty?

Student B: No. Betty is better than B~n.

1 Fred Ben

2 Ben Betty

3 Fred Jenny

4 Betty , -" Ben

5 Jenny -.-- Ben

6 Ben .... .... Jenny

7 Betty .. " __ Fred

8 Jenny , Fred

9 Betty " "",jenl1y

Exercise3 L.:IIJ

Say these letters: f s x Spell these words:

left lesson boxes

111 11

next men thief

listen many money

sixes second funny

Unit t6

Exercise 1 [=J

Listen and repea t :

sound 1

N

x

axe

pen

sound 2

Anne

pan

look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick agamsr the sentences you hear.

a) Her name is Miss N. mith.

b) That's a very big X.

r' -r..J ~ ' o'!li.r'i)-

f er name is Miss Anne mirh. That's a very big axe.

Unit 15 ce (man)

Exercise 2

The Black Family L.=.J

Grandfather Black

Patrick

Black

LIsten and I-epeat:

Anne Black Janet Black

Jack Black Patrick Black

Jack Black is very sad.

Janet Black is very happy. Grandmother Black is very fat. Anne Black IS carrying a bag. Grandfather Black is weanng a hat. Patrick Black is looking at the cat.

Sentence practice L:J

EXAMPLE:

Janet Black

Grandfather Black Grandmother Black

Student A: Grandmother Black is very fat. Student B: They're all very fat except for Jack.

"nit 17
{\ ~ ;e 0
cup C~
9 A G> Exercise 1 L.=J

Listen and repeat:

sound 1

sound 2

cap

cup

hat hut

cat

cut

Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear ..

a) Is this your cap?

b) Look at that little hat. vc) That's a very bad cat.

, Is this your cup?

, Look at that little hut.

That's a very bad cut.

Unit 17 ,,(cup)

Exercise 2 L:J

Listen and repeat:

Boys' names: Sam Girls' names: Anne

Surnames:

Dan Jack Andrew Patrick Pam Janet Patsy Sally Young London Monday -

Love

A Family Tree:

THE YOUNG FAMILY

Andrew Young

11m. Anno Love)

Patrick Young

(m. Sally London)

Patsy Young

(m. Sam Monday)

Jack Young

Janet Young

Dan Monday

Pam Monday

Listen and repeat:

son mother brother husband uncle COUSlll grandson grandmother

Now look at the family tree and choose the correct word to finish these

sentences:

I Patsy Young is Dan Monday's. 2 Sam Monday is Patsy Young's 3 Dan Monday is Sam Monday's

4 Dan Monday is Pam Monday's .

5 Anne Love is Dan Monday's ..

6 Dan Monday is Andrew Young's

7 Patrick Young is Dan Monday's .

S Jack andJanet Young are Dan's

9 Sally London has just one ....

IO Janet Young has just one ..

v grandmother /mother.

husband/brother. son/brother. uncle/brother. mother / grand~other. grands'On/ son. brother / unele.

uncles / cousins. so~/grandson. brother/cousin.

nit 18 a: (heart)

Listen an d repeat:

sou nd 1

sound 2

CLlt

cart

hut

heart

Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a rick against the sentences you hear.

a) That's a very bad cut.

b) Look at that hut-

That's a very bad cart. Look at that heart.

Exercise 2 L.=J

Listen and repeat:

Can you hear me, Grandfather'

Uncle Charles

Aunt Ann

Grandfather

grass

Grandfather IS ill the garden.

Arc Charles andAnn asking question? Arc thev answel-inp- OIJp.srinn~?

Yes, they are.

Nn .. hp.lI ~,.,p'"'t

practi e these questions and answers:

bananas _J

on the grass

Oll til e tab le 111 the garden

rornatocs

Student A: Are the 1

gasses

plants

I ~ I

dB' Yes, they are

Stu ent . No, they aren't .

Uni! J 8 a: (heart)

?

Unit 19 It (hat)

Exercise 3 L:J

Dialogue: .._)( A: Hello .

.._)( _....,._

B: Hello. How are you?

A: I'm fute, thanks. How are ~u? B: All right. How's your *futher? A: He's very ~ll, thanks.

*Substitute:

brother uncle grandfather

Exercise 4 L:J

Reading

An old man is very ill and he goes into hospital to have an operation. He is very unhappy and afraid.

When he arrives at the hospital a nurse gives him a bath.

After the bath he is very happy and he says to the nurse, '1 was very afraid tc have that operation but it didn't hurt me at all.'

Unit, 10

p

dock

Exercise 1 l.=J

Listen and repeat:

[)

sound 1

cat

Pat

sack

sound 2

cot

pot

sock

Look at the pairs of seurcnces below Put a tick aga inst the scu tenet's you hear.

a) I want a white cat, please.

b) That Pat is very strong.

e) There's a sack on the floor

I want a white cot, please. That pot is very' strong. There's a sock on the floor.

Uuit zo 0 (clock)

Listen and repeat: l=J

sound 1 hat

cat

sound 2 hut

cut

Exercise 2 l=J

Sentence practice

-

JJJ:mtftJtJJ ~ ~

EXAMPLE:

sound 3 heart cart

sound 4 hot

cot

S tud en r A: What ha vc they got in the fiis t shop? ---.

Student 13: A lot of clocks.

Exercise 3 L:J

Dialogue:

Customer:

Shop Assistant :

CustO/'ner:

*Sub tirute :

clocks handbags

sacks watches

cots boxes

J Have you got any *pots?

Y....,. W' -.. f

,,:s. e ve got a lot a pots.

........

I want a very strong pot, please.

Unit 20 0 (clock)

Un.it 11

ball

09 ~: @-

Exercise 1 L:J

Listen and repea t :

sound 1

sound 2

Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick against the sentences you hC<lr.

a) Is your name Don?

b) That's a very big pot.

c) We don 't want the fox in

here.

Don

Dawn

pot

pan

fox

forks

Is your name Dawn? That's a very big port.

We don't want the forks in here.

E)(ercise 2 L=J

Listen and repeat:

Ie's a large ball.

It's a long fork.

He's a tall footballer.

Desc'ribe these:

d9.ctors

Unit 21 :J: (ball)

It's a small ball

He's a short footballer.

hoxes

pieces of chalk

Unit 21 o: (ball)

Exercise 3

2

4

Which picture shows:

a shop with four taU doctors 111 it. a hut with four small foxes in it.

a long wall with a small door in it. a bath with a lot of hot water in it.

Now you try drawing:

a long box with a lot of small balls III It.

a large house with four small windows and a door a tall glass with a little wa ter in it

Unit 21

a a camera

In this unit the spelling shows where to make the sound a.

Exercise 1 L=J

Listen and repeat: moths ~

sists

fatha ~

s:

broth. ~

s:» grandfaths ~.

M\

Sentence practice L=.J EXAMPLES:

Is that your moths?

Is that your mother end faths ?

r

4

5

6

8

~ ~~ ~. ~. ~ .. - ..

~ v ~l&J~

- .. _- ---_. - -------

7

9

10

Unit 22 e (a camera)

Exercis.e 2 L=J

Look again at the picture in Unit IS Exercise 2. EX,,\MPLE:

J Aunt Ann: Can you hear?

Grandfatha : Yes, [ an.

hear

see

5

sing

2

walk

6

read

9

3

run

7

4

dance

watch television

IW

~ t5~ .~ "~.\.' .\'. \ I. / ./~

....... ~ ... ""'.'

-. ., ID

If)

smoke a pipe

listen ta the radio

Uni: 22 8 (<1 camera)

Riddles*

I Whatisiti 2 What is it?

I can see it bat you can't. You can see it bat I can't.

* Riddles are question and an s wer jo kes. Answers: 1. The ba ck 0 f yOLll" head. 2. The back of my head.

Unit 23

girl

",---,'

sound 1

sound 2

Paul Pearl

shorts

shirts

Exercise 1

r.::::71 " ... ,.1

walks

works

La a kat the p airs of sen ten ces below. Put a tick a ga ins t the sentences yo II hear.

a) Is your name Paul?

b) I want white shorts, please ..

c) He walks in the garden.

Listen and repeat:

I!

Is your name Pearl?

I want white shirts, please. He works in the garden.

Exercise 2 L.=J

Listen and repeat:

Unit 23 3: (girl)

~

It's early in the momiug

Learn this proverb:

a bird ill a warm nest

'IT'S THE EARL Y BIRD THAT CA TCH£S THE WORM'

Exercise 3 L=J

Listen and repea c :

I Pearl is a working girl. She gets up early.

2 Pearl's thirsty in the morning.

4 She walks to work 5 Pearl arrives at

at seven thirty. work at eight thirty.

3 She puts on a short shirt and a long skirt.

. It's the early bird that catches the worm!

6 She's the first person at work.

Unit 14
A
B
I t I
letter FlY ball
SI .. j,) 0
~ 1\ \ 'tOj.ce vcrce
.~ ll!
'" Sound A

Exercise 1 L=J

Listen and repeat:

sound 1

sound 2

night

light

nine

line

Jenny jelly

Look at the pairs of entences below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear-

a) It's a lovely night.

b) Dra w a nine.

c) He loves Jenny.

It's a lovely light. Dra w a line.

J e loves jelly.

UUil24 I (letter/ball)

Exercise 2 L.=J

Li ten and repeat:

a lemon jelly

a yellow telephone

a colo LIf television

ii)

a black pla te

a clean glass

a blue flower

a lovely plant

a slow aeroplane

a clever class

Ullil24 I (letter/ball)

Sound B Exercise 1 L.=.J

Listen and repeat:

sound 1

sound 2

bin Bill

8~

0 ill
aD In

pm pill E9 Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) That s my bin.

b) He's in.

c) He wants a pin.

That's my Bill. He's ill.

He wants a pill.

Exercise 2 L=.J

Listen and repeat:

f~·

i)

a ball

a schoolgirl a smafl hilI

a full hotel

an old man

iii)

r:

an apple

an example

a bottle

cold milk

a pupil

a table

a bicycle

a little animal

Uuit 24 '(letter/ball)

twelve children

people

a pencil

Unit 24 I (letter/ball)

Sounds A and B

Exercise 3 L:J

EXAMPLES:

~

A: That hotel is full.

~

B: Those hotels are all full

A: This table is c~an. """>I.

B: These tables are all clean.

I This meal is cold. 7 That bicycle is slow.
2 This ball is little. S This animal is clever.
3 That girl is clever. 9 This table is clean.
4- That hill is small. 10 That pupil is sleeping.
5 This school is cold. I I This example is difficult.
6 This wall is old. 12 That pencil is black. unit lS

r

rall1

" /" /

,. ;. #/:/1

',., j

,

~oice

Exercise 1

A

Listen and repeat:

fOt7-f2-t3 -/-91-I1'tr 15 =- If'

sound 1

long

jelly

glass

sound 2

wrong

Jerry

grass

Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick again t tile sentences you hear.

a) It's a long sum.

b) Mary likes jelly.

.:....__c_) There's a flower in the glass.

It's a wrong sum. Ma r y likes Jerry .

There's a flower in the grass.

Unit 25 r (rain)

Exercise 2 L=J

Ron

Mary

Jenny

Ron, Mary and Jenny are all going along the road.

runnmg

Who's riding a bicycle along the road?

carrying a television

Jenny

Jenny, Fred and Patrick are all going along the street.

Sentence practice L=J

EXAMPLE:

student A: Who's *throwing a ~ along the street? Student B: F~d is.

*Substitute: dropping fruit practising football

watering trees drawing a line

driving a lorry

Unit 25 r (rain)

I

!

Unit 16

silent r

The letter r is silent in all the words in this unit.

r is pronounced only in front of a vowel.

girl

Exercise 1 L.=]

Listen and repeat:

a horse

a bird

a girl

a church

Make sentences with these words: large, short, warm, thirsty

EXAMPLE:

That's a large church.

Listen and repeat:

a fork

a garden

a card

a farm

a carpet

Make sentences with these word : large, dirty EXAMPLE:

--..

What a large fork!

Exercise 2 L:J

Reading

THE WORST STUDENT

Unit 26 silent r

a market

r' I Saturday morning I

t S Thursday afternoon .

Irma is learning English and she's working hard. She's learning thirty words. Irma doesn't understand the first word. She's the worst student in the world.

Do you understand these thirteen words?

arm thirty excrci e fourteen

dark forty yesterday forget

hers party

Worse

north

Sentence practice EXAMPLE :

1 under tand the word "~".

I don't understand the word "n~th".

important

Unit 27

r /silent r

Remember:

The letter r is pronounced only in front ofa vowel.

her apples/her books

Exercise 1 [<OK> I

Listen and repeat:

Mary

her pencils

her apples

7

her ice-creams her flowers

her books

her eggs

her oranges

her umbrellas

Sentence practice EXAMPLES:

They're her pencils.

She's got four pencils. They're your pencils, Mary.

Unit 27 r /silent r

Exercise 2

Make sentences from this table:

I
I 2 3 4 5
over there
angry near the door
her English in the corner
your furmy at the window
That's clever teacher
our interesting under the light
their next to the blackboard
old behind the table
new in front of the blackboard EXAMPLE:

That's our clever teacher over t~re.

Unit 28

Ie
beer t~
~ ~
a ~
ee

chair

~ ~ <»
('~
;!~ Exercise 1 l=J Listen and . tepeat:

sound 1 near here

sound 2 where there

=Subsrirure:

. aeroplane

hairdresser's square

Exercise 2 L:=J

Sentence practice

XAMPLE:

'ni128 ra (beer) ea (chair)

.......

Student A: There's a newspaper on the table.

d B ~ . 'j there'

Stu entB: Yes. ut rny newspapcr isn there'

Exercise 3 l=J

Dialogue:

A· Where's my *pen? B· I don't know. There's a pen on the table.

A: Yes. But my pen isn't I ~:::el.

B 'There! .. I I ' ) hai

: Here ItIS. ts on tne c au.

*Substitute words from the picture.

Unit 19

u

book

~

Exercise 1 L=.J

Listen and repeat:

sound 1

sound 2

Look at the pairs of sentences below .. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) What a noisy cock!

b) I want a lock.

c) Give me the box, please.

cock

cook

lock

look

box books

What a noisy cook! I want a look.

Give me the books, please.

Exercise 2 L:J

Listen and repeat:

Unit 29 0 (book)

~Okery books

The cooking pot

SUGA is full

a box of wood

~o~

Exercise 3 L:l

Sentence practice

EXAMPLES:

r

Water is falling on the cook's foot

L~k! He's ~shing it. Don't push It! P:tUlt!

L-';ok! He's Pulling it" Don't pull it! P~h It!

2

Unit 29 u (book)

5 6

Unit30

E1l ~

u:

boot

Exercise 1

Listen and repeat:

sound 1

sound 2

look

Luke

pull pool

Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) Here's the pen. Look! It's 011. the table.

b) It says "PULL" on this door.

Here's the pen. Luke! It's on the table.

It says "POOL" 011. this door. ......0

Unit 30 u: (boot)

Exercise 2 L:J

Dialogue:

...Jf June: Do you like *music?

-');

Sue: Yes, I do.

June: I like music trio.

*Substitute:

A

cooking football good books this room lots of sugar

B Luke fruit

this school

blue shoes swimming pools

C

good food

blue rooms

good schools looking at pools looking at the moon

Unit :11

t

tin

~

Exercise 1

Listen and repeat:

a telephone

a letter

Exercise 2 L=J

Listen and repeat:

1.

2.

·'iF ........
e ~, f:;
ltll \\~' ~
""}/. ' ... ' ~ a television

o

a teaspoon

a fat cat

a toy

a teacup

a table

Sentence practice

EXAMPLES:

---..

What a pretty telephone!

---..

What a dirty television!

,2"~ .'l~r.,;

~V ,~:::%

.' - ',',A. fat cats

" .:;..,~

... ...!

... "

11;131 t(tin)

2 ~ awethat I ~ I

6! A 6

3 & a white shirt

4 0 a short skirt ro short skirts

5 ~ a hot plate 6 • a sweet biscuit

7

a quiet student

Sentence practice L:J EXAMPLE:Picture I

:-.

Student A: What's tha t?

Student A: What a fat ~t!

hot plates

~~ biscui

~ sweet iscuits

quiet studen ts

IThat'sl ""'I

Student B: It's a cat.

--.

Student B: What fat cats!

unit 31

d

door

ml dlQQlh

Exercise 1

Listen and repeat:

I.

2.

voice.

sound 1

sound 2

Ted

dead

r\~ ~~

wnte ride

cart card

Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) Look! It s Ted. Look! It's dead.

b) He can write welL He can ride well.

c) That's a nice cart. That's a nice card. ..-f}

Unit 32 d (door)

Exercise2 L:J

Listen and repeat: sad hard wide old cold roun d Choose the right word:

I

a_""._ .. ,_ bed

4

an '''' __ .. ... , friend

6

a "'" wind

Sentence practice l=J EXAMPLE: Picture I

2

3

a , bird

a "head

5

a.,.,, -. .. .-_-. road

Student A: Do you like hard htds?

S id B.jYes,rdb I D' ,--"t ttl ent . No, I don't' 0 you.

I Yes, I d6 I

Student A: N I d ',' '0, on t

Exercise .3L:J

Unit 32 d (door)

1

Choose the right word: red bad good wide old cold

3

a " __ _ dog

a.

_ doctor

2

a ... _ .. "." ..... day

5

an ... ... _ door

a _ ... ..... _ .... desk

___ .. dress

Unit 33
au ~ ~O
house (~
& u <@- Exercise 1 L=.J

Listen and repeat:

sound 1

sound 2

car

COW

can't

count

Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) He's got a new car.

b) These children can't.

He's got a new cow. These children count.

Exercise 2 L.=J

Listen and repeat:

around house

fll133 au (house)

a town

trousers

a flower

a cow~ ~ a brow.n cow

'--,.~ •

- ~ , ~ ~.... . " .... ~ ..

ild' , ,,~

1\,-\,., 'ff •.

G:-- .....

a mouse

There are a thousand house in the: town. Count the cows 1n the picture.

Sentence practice EXAMPLE:

Student A: How many *c6ws are there? Student B: There are th;ee cows.

*Substitute:

cars

flowers houses brown cars

towns Olice

brown cows round houses pairs of trousers

Unit 34

au

phone

Exerci.se 1 l:]

Listen and repeat:

sound 1

Bert

Pearl

Pat's skirt

sound 2

boac

pole

Pat's coat

Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick against the senten ces you hear.

a) That's Iny Bert.

b) There are two Pearls here. e) Pat's skirt is very pretty.

That's my boat.

There are two poles here. Pat's coat is very pretty ..

u ten and repeat: L=.J

sound 1

saw

haD

all doctors

Unit 34 au (phone)

sound 2

sew

hole

old doctors

Look at the pairs ofsentences below Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) Do you like sawing?

b) There's a big hall at the front of the house.

c) r like all doctors.

Do you like sewing?

There's a big hole at the front of the house.

r like old doctors.

Unit 34 au (phone)

Exercise 2

r::::;:, 10_.1,

Listen and repeat:

cold toes

Joan's dog

It's a cold morning. It's snowing.

Joan is going for a walk with her dog.

Dialogue: l=.J

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

B:

A:

Hello! Hello!

...... . . J

Where are you gomg? Are you going home?

No. I'm gomg to * .

011!

Where are y-;;u going? Are yC;u going home? No. I'm gomg to *

*Substitme:

Paul's house

Dr. Jones's house the grocer's

the hotel

the greengrocer's the post office

the shop round the corner the telephone down the road

Unit JS sjlinking s

Exercise 1 L.=J Listen and repeat:

I

seat

6

suit

street

s this it s

thiueat thissuit thiukirt

who~eat who~,upper

Sentence practice L=J EXAMPLE: Picture I

Student A: Do you like thiueat?

Student B: tudent A:

Student B:

3 e) 4
~
supper stick spoon
7 ~ r!J
~""
starn p slipper thiupoon

hiueat Sam'ssupper

Ye . It's a niq:yeat. Whoveat i it?

It's, Sam't... seat.

hisseat.

Unit 35 sJlinking s

Exercise 2 L:J

Luke

4

Paul

EXAMPL :

2 3



Janet

5

Ted

Sue

tudent A: Who \~~ewing?

Student B: Janet'uewing.

=Subsciune: smiling sle~pin~ sWlmm.lng studying

sitting down saying hello speaking to Pat stopping a bus

speaking to Mary standing at the bus stop

Unit 36

I

~

Exe:rc.ise1 L.=.J Listen and repeat:

sound 1

sound 2

Look at the pairs of sentences below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) Sea's very quiet today.

b) There are two Sues here.

c) Come here! Puss!

sea

she

Sue

shoe

puss push

She's very quiet today. There are two shoes here Come here! Push 1

UlJi!)6 J (shoe)

Exercise 2 L:J

Lis ten an d repea t :

I

Scottish English

French Spanish

2

British Irish

Finnish Russian

Sentence practice l=J EXAMPLES: Picture I

T Student A: Is she Sc6nish?

Student 13: No, she ~n't. She's English .

2 Student A:

Student B:

.._.). ........ .

Is she Scottish or English?

She's E1g1ish.

Danish Swedish

Polish Turkish

Unit 37

3

television

Exercise 1

What does Sue usually do? Monday V' Tuesdayv Wednesday I Thursdayv Friday I Saturday x Sunday x

wakes up

"1 h::JS breakfast

2 gets up

4- lea ves home

Ullit 37 3 (television)

5 has lunch

g goes to bed

CD

6 arrives horne

Sue usually wakes up at seven o'clock. Now ask and answer questions about Sue.

EX .... MPLE:

-. I What time I

Student A. W].. does she usually wake up?

len

Student 13: She usually wakes up at seven o'clock.

7 bas dinner

1.

2.

unit J8

tf

cherry

Exercise 1 L=J

Listen and repeat:

sound 1

sherry

sheep

wash

sound 2

cherry

cheap

watch

Look at the pairs ofsentenccs below. Put a tick against the sentences you hear.

a) Which is the best sherry? Wh.ich is the best cherry?

b) That's a sheep farm. Thou's a cheap farm.

c) She's washing the television. She's watching the television. .......0

Unit 38 tJ (cherry)

Exercise 2 L.".,J

Listen and repeat:

the kitchen

a chair

a picture of some children

the kitchen table

a match

Sentence practice L=.J Make sentences beginning:

A. There's a . . .

B. There's some .

EXAMPLES:

A. There's a chair behind the kitchen table.

B. There's some cheese on the kitchen table.

Exercise 3 L.=.J

Look at the picture again. Now ask and answer questions

EXAMl)LE:

Student A: How much *cl~se i. there? enough

Student B: There's too much cheese for t two children's lunch. too little

Substitute: =cxarnclcs from [he inure ill Exercise 2 "·other number