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Nama: ........................................ NO. KAD PENGENALAN: ANGKA GILIRAN:

PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA SEKOLAH MENENGAH MALAYSIA (CAWANGAN MELAKA)
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2010 PHYSICS 4531/1

Kertas 1 Sept. 1 ¼ Jam

Satu jam lima belas minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU 1. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. 2. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman bawah.

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

This question paper consists of 50 questions.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan.

Jawab semua soalan.

Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.
Jawab setiap soalan dengan menghitamkan ruangan yang betul pada kertas jawapan.

Blacken only one space for each question.
Hitamkan satu ruangan sahaja bagi setiap soalan.

If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then blacken the space for the new answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan, padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat. Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru.

6. 7. 8.

The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.

You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan.

A list of formulae is provided on page 2.
Satu senarai rumus disediakan di halaman 3.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 25 halaman bercetak.

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2

The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.

1. a =

vu t

18.

1 1 1 = + f u v
image size object size

2. v2 = u2 + as 3. s = ut + at
2

19. linear magnification =
ax D Sin i Sin r real depth apparent depth

4. Momentum = mv 5. F = ma

20. λ =

1 6. Kinetic energy = mv2 2 7. Potential energy = mgh 8. Elastic potential energy = m v

21. n =

22. n = 1 Fx 2

23. Q = It 24. V = IR 25. Power, P = IV 26.
Ns V = s Np Vp I sV s x 100% I pV p

9. ρ =

10. Pressure, p = hρg 11. Pressure, P =
F A

27. Efficiency = 12. Heat, Q = mcθ 13. Heat, Q = ml 14. PV = constant T 28. g = 10 ms-2

15. E = mc2 16. v = fλ 17. Power, P = energy time

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3 1 Which of this is a scalar quantity?
Antara berikut, yang mana adalah kuantiti skalar?

A B C D 2

Velocity
Halaju

Distance
Jarak

Acceleration
Pecutan

Displacement
Sesaran

Diagram 1 shows the reading of micrometer screw gauge without any object. Rajah 1 menunjukan bacaan sebuah tolok skru mikrometer tanpa sebarang objek.

mm

0

0 45 Diagram 1
Rajah 1

What is the zero error of the micrometer screw gauge?
Berapakah ralat sifar tolok skru mikrometer ?

A B C D 3

-0.03 mm -0.02 mm 0.02 mm 0.03 mm

Which of this has the largest value? Di antara berikut yang manakah yang mempunyai nilai yang terbesar? A B C D 102 cm 103 mm 103 dm 107 μm

4

Which speed - time graph applies to an object at rest?

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4 5 Diagram 2 shows a coconut of mass 2 kg falling from a height of 60 m from the ground. At which position the coconut have the highest gravitational potential energy?
Rajah 2 menunjukkan sebiji kelapa berjisim 2 kg jatuh dari ketinggian 60 m ke tanah. Di kedudukan manakah kelapa tersebut mempunyai tenaga keupayaan graviti yang paling tinggi?

R Q 60 m P 40 m

A P B C Q R

Diagram 2 Rajah 2

6

A softball player as shown below, moves her hand downwards while catching a fast moving ball.
Pemain sofbol seperti gambar di bawah menggerakkan tangannya ke bawah semasa menangkap bola yang laju.

The movement of her hand is to

A B C

increase the impulsive force
menambah daya impuls

increase the stopping time of the ball
memanjangkan masa bola berhenti

stop the ball from falling
mengawal bola supaya tidak jatuh

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5 7 Diagram 3 shows a box is moving on a rough surface as pulled by a man with force of 50 N..What is the resultant force acting on the box?
Rajah 3 menunjukkan sebuah kotak bergerak di as permukaan yang kasar apabila ditarik oleh seorang lelaki dengan daya 50N. Apakah daya paduan yang bertindak ke atas kotak itu?

Diagram 3 A B C D 8 34.3 N 38.3 N 48 N 50 N
Rajah 3

Diagram 4 shows a weight, W supported by two strings. Which vector diagram represents the forces T1, T2 and W that acts on the weight?
Rajah 4 menunjukkan sebuah pemberat, W tergantung oleh dua tali. Gambar rajah vektor yang manakah mewakili tindakan daya T1, T2 dan W pada pemberat itu.?

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6 9 Diagram 5 shows a path of a model rocket.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan lintasan model sebuah roket.

Diagram 5
Rajah 5

Kinetic energy is minimum at
Tenaga kinetik minimum di

A B C D

P Q R S

10

Diagram 6 shows a strip of ticker tape made by a moving trolley.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan satu keratan pita detik yang dibuat oleh sebuah troli .

Diagram 6
Rajah 6

The trolley is moving with a
Troli itu sedang bergerak dengan

A B C

constant deceleration
nyahpecutan seragam

constant acceleration
pecutan seragam

constant velocity
halaju seragam

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11

Four arrangements A, B, C and D are made of identical springs. Each spring extends by 4 cm when a 200 g load is hung at its end. Which arrangement produces the largest extension?
Empat susunan A, B, C dan D adalah terdiri daripada spring yang sama. Setiap spring meregang sebanyak 4 cm apabila satu beban 200 g digantung pada hujungnya. Susunan yang manakah menghasilkan regangan yang terbesar?

A

B

C

D

400 g 400 g 400 g

400 g

12

Diagram 7 shows a crane lifting a concrete beam.
Rajah 7 menunjukkan sebuah kren mengangkat alang konkrit.

Diagram 7
Rajah 7

What principle is used to move the piston at the arm of the crane?
Apakah prinsip yang digunakan untuk menggerakkan omboh pada lengan kren itu?

A B C
D

Pascal's principle / Prinsip Pascal Archimedes' principle / Prinsip Archimedes Bernoulli's principle / Prinsip Bernoulli
Conservation of momentum/ prinsip keabadian momentum

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8 13. Diagram 8 shows a manometer is connected to a gas supply.
Rajah 8 menunjukkan satu manometer yang disambung ke satu bekalan gas.

Diagram 8
Rajah 8

The difference in height, h will increase if
Beza pada ketinggian, h akan bertambah jika

A B C D 14

the pressure of the gas supply is decreased.
tekanan bekalan gas dikurangkan.

the manometer is placed at a region of higher atmospheric pressure.
manometer itu diletak pada kawasan yang tekanan atmosfera lebih tinggi.

the water is replaced with a liquid of smaller density
air diganti dengan cecair yang kurang tumpat

the water is replaced with a liquid of greater density
air diganti dengan cecair yang lebih tumpat

Diagram 9 shows liquid X and liquid Y in glass tubes.
Rajah 9 menunjukkan cecair X dan cecair Y di dalam tiub kaca.

Diagram 9
Rajah 9

Which statement is correct?
Pernyataan manakah betul?

A B C D

PS = PT because S and T are at the same depth PS = PT sebab S dan T berada pada kedalaman yang sama PS = PT because S and T are at the same level PS = PT sebab S dan T berada pada aras yang sama PS < PT because the density of X is less than the density of Y PS < PT sebab ketumpatan X lebih kecil daripada ketumpatan Y PS > PT because S is nearer to the bottom of the tube PS > PT sebab S lebih dekat kepada dasar tiub

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9 15. Diagram 10 shows the cross-section of an iceberg floating on the surface of the sea.
Rajah 10 menunjukkan keratan rentas sebuah bongkah ais terapung di permukaan laut.

Diagram 10 Rajah 10 Which statement is correct?
Pernyataan yang manakah betul?

A B C 16

Weight of iceberg = Weight of sea water displaced
Berat bongkah ais = Berat air laut tersesar

Volume of iceberg = Volume of sea water displaced

Density of iceberg = Density of sea water displaced
Ketumpatan bongkah ais = Ketumpatan air laut tersesar

Diagram 11 shows a cross section of swimming pool which has different depth
Rajah 11 renang menunjukkan keratan rentas sebuah kolam yang mempunyai kedalaman yang berbeza.

Diagram 11 Rajah 11 What is the maximum pressure experienced at the bottom of the swimming pool?
Berapakah tekanan air yang maksimum di alami oleh dasar kolam itu?

[ Density of water = 1000 kg m-3 ]
[ Ketumpatan air = 1000 kg m-3 ]

A B C D

2.0 x 104 Pa 4.0 x 104 Pa 5.5 x 104 Pa 6.0 x 104 Pa

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10 17 A boy puts some ice cubes in his orange juice. There is energy transfer between the ice cube and the juice. Which of this property determines the direction of energy transfer?
Seorang budak lelaki meletakkan beberapa ketul kiub ais ke dalam oren jusnya. Terdapat pemindahan tenaga dari kiub ais ke jus minuman itu. Manakah antara sifat berikut yang menentukan arah perubahan tenaga tersebut?

A. B. C. D. 18

Density / ketumpatan Temperature / suhu State of matter / keadaan jirim Specific Heat Capacity / muatan haba tentu

Diagram 12 shows a metal sphere P at 80oC is immersed in a cooler liquid Q.
Rajah 12 menunjukkan sebuah sfera logam P pada suhu 80oC direndamkan ke dalam satu cecair Q yang lebih sejuk.

Diagram 12 Rajah 12 Thermal equilibrium is reached when
Keseimbangan terma dicapai apabila

A. B. C. D.

temperature of P = temperature of Q suhu P = suhu Q mass of Q displaced = mass of P jisim Q yang disesarkan = jisim P volume of Q = volume of P isipadu Q = isipadu P specific heat capacity of P = specific heat capacity of Q muatan haba tentu P = muatan haba tentu Q

19

Mercury is used in thermometer because it
Merkuri digunakan dalam termometer kerana ia

A. B. C. D.

sticks to the glass

has a low boiling point
mempunyai takat didih yang rendah

expands and contracts uniformly
mengembang dan menguncup dengan seragam

is transparent and therefore it is easier to read.
ia telus cahaya oleh itu ia mudah dilihat

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11 20 Which liquid is the most suitable to use in a liquid glass thermometer to measure temperatures from -50o C to 50o C?
Cecair manakah yang paling sesuai untuk digunakan sebagai cecair dalam termometer kaca untuk mengukur suhu antara -50o C to 50o C?

Freezing point /oC
takat beku

Boiling point /oC
takat didih

A B C D 21

-115 -39 0 17

78 357 100 118

Diagram 13 shows temperature – time graph of a liquid . The liquid is heated by using a heater of 0.4 kW. The mass of the liquid is 0.4 kg .

Rajah 13 menunjukkan graf suhu – masa suatu cecair. Cecair itu dipanaskan dengan menggunakan pemanas 0.4 kW. Jisim cecair itu ialah 0.4 kg.

Diagram 13
Rajah 13

What is the specific heat capacity of the liquid?
Berapakah muatan haba tentu cecair itu
-1

A. B. C. D. E.

0.50 J kg

o C-1 o C-1 o C-1 o C-1
-1

-1 -1 50 J kg o C

500 J kg

-1

5000 J kg

-1

50000 J kg

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12 22 Diagram 14 shows path of light rays reflected by a concave mirror.
Rajah 14 menunjukkan lintasan sinar cahaya dipantulkan oleh sebuah cermin cekung.

Diagram 14 Rajah 14 What is the focal length, f, of the concave mirror?
Berapakah panjang fokus,f, cermin cekung itu?

A. B. C. D.

12 cm 24 cm 36 cm 48 cm

23. Diagram 15.1 shows a ray of light passing from medium X to medium Y while Diagram15 .2 shows a ray of light passing from medium X to medium Z.
Rajah15 .1 menunjukkan satu sinar cahaya merambat dari medium X ke medium Y manakala Rajah15 .2 menunjukkan satu sinar cahaya merambat dari medium X ke medium Z.

Diagram 15.1 Rajah 15.1

Diagram 15.2 Rajah 15.2

Arrange the optical density for the medium in ascending order.
Susun ketumpatan optik medium mengikut susunan menaik

A. B. C. D.

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13 24. Which path of light ray undergoes the phenomenon of total internal reflection? Lintasan sinar cahaya manakah yang akan menghasilkan pantulan dalam penuh?

25.

Diagram 16 shows the formation of the image of an object by a convex lens.

Diagram 16
Rajah 16

What is the height of the object if the height of the image is 4 cm,?
Berapakah tinggi objek itu sekiranya tinggi imej yang dihasilkan ialah 4 cm?

A B C D

0.5 cm 0.8 cm 2.0 cm 4.0 cm

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14 26. Diagram 17 shows an object is placed in front of a concave lens.

Diagram 17
Rajah17

What are the image characteristics of the object?
Apakah ciri –ciri imej objek tersebut ?

A. B.
C.

Real, upright and magnified
Nyata, tegak dan besar

Real, inverted and diminished
Nyata, songsang dan kecil

Virtual, upright and magnified
Maya, tegak dan besar

D. 27

Virtual, upright and diminished
Maya ,tegak dan kecil

A transverse wave and a longitudinal wave can only be differentiated by
Gelombang melintang dan gelombang membujur hanya boleh dibezakan melalui

A B C D 28

Amplitude
Amplitud

Frequency
Frekuensi

Wavelength
Jarak gelombang

Direction of propagation
Arah perambatan

Diagram 18 shows a transverse wave propagating from P to Q.
Rajah 18 menunjukkan suatu gelombang melintang yang merambat dari P ke Q.

Diagram 18
Rajah 18 Which is the correct direction of vibration and the direction of energy transfer between P and Q? Manakah arah getaran dan arah pemindahan tenaga yang betul antara P dan Q?

Direction of vibration
Arah getaran

Direction of energy transfer
Arah pemindahan tenaga

A B C D

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15 29 Diagram 19 shows the interference pattern of water waves from two coherent sources SI and S2 in a ripple tank.
Rajah 19 menunjukkan corak interferen gelombang air dari dua sumber koheren S, dan S2 dalam sebuah tangki riak.

Which point is a destructive interference?
Antara titik-titik berikut, yang manakah mempunyai interferens memusnah?

Diagram 19
Rajah 19

30

Diagram 20 below shows the water wave pattern formed when the dipper is placed at the centre of the ripple tank.
Rajah 20 di bawah menunjukkan corak gelombang air yang dihasilkan oleh penggetar yang diletakkan di tengah-tengah tangki riak.

Diagram 20 Rajah 20 Which of this diagram is the possible side view of the ripple tank ?

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16 31 Diagram 21 shows a boy experiencing an echo phenomenon.
Rajah 21 menunjukkan seorang budak sedang mengalami fenomena gema.

Diagram 21 Rajah 21

What is the time interval between the boy shouting and hearing the echo?
Apakah masa pemisahan di antara pekikan suaranya dan gema yang terhasil. (speed of sound wave in air /halaju gelombang bunyi dalam udara = 340 ms-1)

A B C D 32

0.147 s 0.294 s 0.312 s 0.278 s

Which circuit shows the correct connection of voltmeter to measure the potential difference across a cell?
Litar yang manakah menunjukkan sambungan voltmeter yang betul untuk mengukur beza keupayaan merentasi sel kering?

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17 33 Diagram 22 shows an electrical circuit .
Rajah 22 menunjukkan satu litar elektrik.

Diagram 22
Rajah 22

Which switches should be closed to light up only bulb 1 and bulb2?
Suis yang manakah harus dihidupkan untuk menyalakan mentol 1 dan mentol 2 sahaja?

A B C D 34

switch 1 only
suis 1 sahaja

switch 1 and switch 2 only
suis 1 dan suis 2 sahaja

switch 1 and switch 3 only
suis 1 dan suis 3 sahaja

switch 2 and switch 3 only
suis 2 dan suis 3 sahaja

Diagram 23 shows a torch light containing two dry cells, a switch and a lamp.
Rajah 23 menunjukkan lampu suluh yang mengandungi dua sel kering 2 V, suis dan lampu.

Diagram 23
Rajah 23 Which circuit diagram represents the above torch light? Rajah yang manakah mewakili litar lampu suluh di atas?

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18 35 Which circuit has the lowest resistance ?
Litar manakah yang mempunyai rintangan yang paling rendah?

36

Diagram 24 shows two identical resistors connected in parallel.
Rajah 24 menunjukkan dua perintang yang serupa disambungkan secara selari.

Diagram 24
Rajah 24

Bacaan manakah yang betul?.

A B C D

A1 = A2 + A3 A1>A3>A2 A2>A3 = A1 A3>A2>A1

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19 37 Diagram 25 shows an electric heater operates at 230 V carries a current of 2A.
Rajah 25 menunjukkan suatu pemanas elektrik beroperasi pada 230V membawa arus elektrik sebanyak 2A.

Diagram 25
Rajah 25

How much charge will flow through the electric heater in 2 minutes.?
Berapakah cas yang mengalir melalui pemanas elektrik itu selama 2 minit? A B C D 230 C 240 C 180 C 4C

38

Which rule determines the force direction for a current carrying conductor in magnetic fields.
Petua manakah menentukan arah daya untuk konduktor yang membawa arus dalam medan magnet .

A B C D 39

Right hand Grip Rule
Petua Genggaman Tangan Kanan

Fleming’s Right Hand Rule
Petua Tangan Kanan Fleming

Fleming’s Left Hand Rule
Petua Tangan Kiri Fleming

Direction of current flow
Arah arus mengalir

What is emitted from a hot metal filament in a cathode-ray tube?
Apakah yang dibebaskan oleh filamen logam yang panas di dalam sebuah tiub sinar katod?

A Alpha particle
Zarah alpha

B C

Electrons
Elektron

Protons
Proton sinar-x

D X-rays

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20 40 Diagram 26 shows an electrical circuit connected to a solenoid surround an iron rod
Rajah 26 menunjukkan satu solenoid mengelilingi satu rod besi dalam satu litar elektrik.

Diagram 26
Rajah 26

The number of nails attracted to the iron rod will increase if
Bilangan paku yang ditarik oleh rod besi akan bertambah jika

A B C D 41

a smaller current is used
arus yang lebih kecil digunakan

the number of turns of the coil is increased
bilangan gegelung ditambah

the distance between the coils is increased
jarak antara gegelung- gegelung ditambah

an iron rod with a larger diameter is used
satu rod besi yang lebih besar diameternya di gunakan

Diagram 27 shows a bar magnet moving into a solenoid. Rajah 27 menunjukkan sebuah magnet bergerak masuk ke dalam suatu solenoid.

Diagram 27
Rajah 27

The polarity of the solenoid at P and the deflection of the galvanometer are
Kekutuban pada hujung P solenoid dan pesongan jarum galvanometer ialah

Polarity of the solenoid at P
Kekutuban solenoid di P

Deflection of the Galvanometer
Pesongan Galvanometer

A B C D

North
Utara

to the right
ke kanan

North
Utara

to the left
ke kiri

South
Selatan

to the right
ke kanan

South
Selatan

to the left
ke kiri

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21 42 Diagram 28 shows two electrical circuits. The iron rods are placed close together and are free to move.
Rajah 28 menunjukkan dua litar elektrik.. Rod besi diletak berdekatan dan bebas bergerak.

Diagram 28
Rajah 28

What happens to the distance between the two iron rods when S is switched on?
Apakah yang berlaku kepada jarak antara dua rod besi apabila suis S ditutup? A It increases bertambah B It decreases berkurang C It does not change tidak berubah

43

Diagram 29 shows a transformer that is used to light up a bulb.
Rajah 29 menunjukkan sebuah transformer yang digunakan untuk menghidupkan sebiji mentol.

Diagram 29
Rajah 29

What happens to the bulb after switch is on?.
Apakah yang berlaku kepada mentol selepas suis dihidupkan?

A B. C. D.

Lights up normal brightness.
Menyala dengan kecerahan biasa

Lights up brighter
Menyala dengan lebih cerah

Lights up dimly
Menyala dengan malap

Blow
Rosak

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22 44 Diagram 30 shows a logic circuit . Input P and Q is 0011 and 1001 respectively.
Rajah 30 menunjukkan satu litar get logik. Isyarat input pada P dan Q masing-masing ialah 0011 dan 1001. P Q X

Diagram 30
Rajah 30

What is output X?
Apakah isyarat output X?

A B C D 45

0001 1110 1000 1100

Diagram 31 shows a cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO) connected to an electrical circuit. Rajah 31 menunjukkan sebuah osiloskop sinar katod (OSK) disambungkan ke suatu litar elektrik.

Diagram 31
Rajah 31 Which diagram shows the trace displayed on the screen of the CRO ? Rajah manakah menunjukkan surih yang yang dipaparkan pada skrin OSK?

A

B

C

D

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23 46 Diagram 32 shows a transistor as an automatic switching circuit. Rajah 32 menunjukkan sebuah transistor sebagai suis automatic.

Diagram 32 The siren will on when Siren akan berbunyi apabila
A B C D
Rajah 32

the resistor S is disconnected perintang S ditanggalkan the terminals of the battery are reversed apabila terminal bateri disongsangkan the surrounding is hot persekitaran adalah panas the surrounding is cold persekitaran adalah sejuk

47

Diagram 33 shows a circuit consisting of a diode and a bulb. When the switch is on, the bulb does not light up. Rajah 33 menunjukkan litar yang mengandungi diod dan mentol. Apabila
suis dihidupkan, mentol tidak menyala.

Diagram 33
Rajah 33

What needs to be done to light up the bulb?
Apakah yang perlu dilakukan untuk menyalakan mentol itu ?

A B C D

Replace with a new bulb
Menggantikan mentol baru

Increase the number of dry cells
Menambahkan bilangan sel kering

Reverse the diode connection
Menyongsangkan sambungan diod

Connect a resistor parallel to the bulb
Menyambungkan satu perintang selari dengan mentol

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24 48. A uranium atom has 92 protons and 146 neutrons. What is the notation for this atom?
Atom uranium mempunyai 92 proton dan 146 neutron. Apakah perwakilan untuk atom ini?

A

B

C

D

49.

Diagram 34 shows an arrangement of an instrument to to detect the thickness of discs. It is automatically controlled by using radioactive rays and a detector.
Rajah 34 menunjukkan susunan alat untuk mengesan ketebalan cakera. Ia dikawal secara automatik menggunakan sinar radioaktif dan satu pengesan..

Diagram 34
Rajah 34

Which of the following radioactive sources is suitable for this detector.
Antara yang berikut, sumber radioaktif manakah sesuai untuk alat pengesan ini?

Sinaran

Half-life
Separuh hayat

A B C D

α α β β

1 day
1 hari

60 years
60 tahun

1 day
1 hari

60 years
60 tahun

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25 50 In a nuclear reaction, the energy released is equivalent to the loss in mass which is 4.0 x 10-3 kg. What is the total energy released in the reaction? [speed of light = 3.0 x 108 ms-1]
Di dalam satu tindakbalas nuklear, tenaga yang dibebaskan adalah bersamaan dengan kehilangan jisim sebanyak 4.0 x 10-3 kg. Berapakah jumlah tenaga yang dibebaskan semasa tindakbalas ini? [halaju cahaya = 3.0 x 108 m s-1]

A 1.2 x 105 J B 1.2 x 1012 J C 3.6 x 1012 J D 3.6 x 1013 J E 3.6 x 10 14 J

END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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Nama: ........................................ NO. KAD PENGENALAN: ANGKA GILIRAN:

PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA SEKOLAH MENENGAH MALAYSIA (CAWANGAN MELAKA) PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2010
PHYSICS

4531/2

Kertas 2 Ogos/Sept. 2 ½ jam

Dua jam tiga puluh minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1.

Tulis nombor kad pengenalan dan angka giliran anda pada ruangan yang disediakan. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu. Calon dibenarkan menjawab keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan sama ada dalam bahasa Inggeris atau bahasa Melayu. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halamanbelakang kertas soalan ini.

Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa Bahagian Soalan Markah Markah Penuh Diperolehi 1 4 2 5 3 7 4 7 A 5 7 6 8 7 10 8 12 1 20 B 2 20 C 3 4 Jumlah 20 20

2. 3.

4.

5.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 27 halaman bercetak
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MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON
1. Kertas soalan mengandungi tiga bahagian : Bahagian A , Bahagian B dan Bahagian C. 2. Jawab semua soalan daripada Bahagian A. Jawapan kepada Bahagian A hendaklah ditulis dalam

ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan.

Bahagian B dan Bahagian C hendaklah ditulis dalam kertas jawapan anda sendiri. Anda diminta menjawab dengan lebih terperinci untuk Bahagian B dan Bahagian C. Jawapan mestilah jelas dan logik. Persamaan, gambar rajah, graf dan cara lain yang sesuai untuk menjelaskan jawapan anda boleh digunakan.
4. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan. 5. Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam kurungan di hujung

setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan.
6. Sekiranya anda hendak membatalkan sesuatu jawapan, buat garisan di atas jawapan itu. 7. Satu senarai rumus disediakan di halaman 3. 8. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram.Walau bagaimanapun

langkah mengira perlu ditunjukkan.
9. Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 90 minit, Bahagian B ialah 30 minit

dan Bahagian C ialah 30 minit.
10. Lekatkan semua kertas jawapan dan serahkan di akhir peperiksaan.

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The following Information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning. Maklumat berikut mungkin berfaedah (simbol-simbol mempunyai makna yang biasa) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. a=
vu t

16.

n

sin i sin r

v2 = u2 + 2as s = ut +
1 2 at 2

17.

Real depth n = apparent depth = dalam nyata dalam ketara

Momentum = mv F = ma Kinetic energy / Tenaga kinetik 1 = mv2 2 Gravitational potential energy / Tenaga keupayaan graviti = mgh Elastic potential energy /
Tenaga keupayaan kenyal =

18.
19

1 1 1   f u v Linear magnification
Pembesaran linear, m

7. 8.

v u

20. v = fλ ax 21. λ = d 22. Q = It

1 Fx 2

9.

energy Power, P = time Tenaga Kuasa, P = masa

23. eV = ½ mv2
24. E = QV 25. V = IR 26. Power / Kuasa, P = IV

10 . 11. 12. 13. 14. 15

ρ=

m V

Pressure / Tekanan,

P=F

27. g = 10 ms-2 28.

A

Pressure / Tekanan, P = ρgh Heat / Haba, Q = mcθ Heat / Haba, Q = ml
PV = constant / pemalar T

Ns Vs  Np Vp

29. Efficiency / kecekapan =
Is Vs X 100 % Ip Vp

30. E = mc2

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Section A
Bahagian A

[ 60 marks]
[60 markah]

Answer all questions in this section
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini. 1. Diagram 1.1 shows an instrument to measure a physical quantity. Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan satu alat pengukur untuk mengukur suatu kuantiti fizikal.

.

Diagram 1 Rajah 1 1(a)

(a) What is the meaning of physical quantity?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan kuantiti fizikal?

1 (b) Based on Diagram 1 Berdasarkan Rajah 1 1(b) 1

[1 mark] [1 markah]

(i) State the type of error caused by the instrument.
Nyatakan jenis ralat yang disebabkan oleh alat pengukur itu

[1 mark] [1 markah]

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(ii) Name the measurement unit reads by the instrument
Namakan unit pengukuran yang ditunjukkan oleh alat pengukur itu 1(c)

[1 mark] [1 markah] (c) Complete the following sentence by ticking (√) the correct word. Lengkapkan ayat berikut dengan menandakan (√)perkataan yang betul. The reading taken using this instrument should be corrected by
Bacaan yang diambil oleh alat pengukur ini hendaklah dibetulkan dengan

1

1(d)

Menolak bacaan dengan ralat bacaan yang ada

[1 mark] [1 markah]

1

Mencampurkan bacaan dengan ralat bacaan yang ada

2

Diagram 2 is a set up apparatus used to investigate the relationship between pressure and temperature of air at constant volume and mass.

.

Diagram 2 Rajah 2

(a) Underline the correct answer / gariskan jawapan yang betul The measuring instrument with labeled X in Diagram 2 is known as
Ala t pengukur berlabel X dalam Rajah 2 dikenali sebagai

(Barometer, Bourdon gauge, Manometer) ( Barometer, Tolok Bourdon, Manometer)

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

2(a)

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(b)

State the physical quantity measured by the instrument labeled X.
Nyatakan kuantiti fizik yang disukat oleh alat pengukur berlabel X.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c)

A car tyre has a pressure of 128 kPa when tested in a garage at a temperature of 27C. The air volume in the tyre is fixed and the pressure is changed to 132 kPa? Dalam sebuah garaj, tayar sebuah kereta mempunyai tekanan 128 kPa pada suhu 27C . Isipadu udara adalah tetap dan tekanan diubah kepada 132 kPa? Calculate the air temperature of the tyre.
Hitung suhu udara di dalam tayar tersebut.

2(c)(ii 1

.

[3 marks] [3 markah]

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3. Diagram 3 shows a bar magnet is pushed into solenoids P and the same bar magnet is pull away from solenoid Q at the same speed. In both situations the galvanometer is deflected. Rajah 3 menunjukkan sebatang magnet ditolak masuk ke dalam solenoid P dan magnet bar yang sama ditunjukkan menjauhi solenoid Q.pada kelajuan yang sama. Dalam dua situasi itu galvanometer didapati terpesong.

(a)

Name the phenomenon showed on Diagram 3? Namakan fenomena yang ditunjukkan pada Rajah 3 ? ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] On Diagram 3.1 mark with arrows the direction of current flows in the solenoids and the deflection of the pointer in the galvanometer in Solenoid Q Pada Rajah 3.1 , tandakan dengan anak panah arah pengaliran arus dalam kedua-dua solenoid dan pesongan jarum galvanometer dalam solenoid Q

3(a)(i)

1

(b)

3(b)

[ 3 marks] [3 markah]
(c) (i) State the name given to the current that flows in the circuit? Nyatakan nama arus yang mengalir di dalam litar itu?

3

3(c)(i)

[ 1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) Explain what causes the current flows in the circuit.
Terangkan apakah yang menyebabkan arus mengalir di dalam litar itu.

1 3(c)(ii) 1

[ 1 mark] [1 markah]

Total A3

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4. Diagram 4.1 shows a lattice structure of semiconductor atoms.
Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan susunan kekisi atom suatu semikonduktor.

Si

Si

Si

Si

X

Si

Si

Si

Si

Diagram 4.1
Rajah 4.1 4(a)(i)

(a)(i) Name one example of atom X .
Namakan satu contoh atom X.

1

[1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) State one characteristic of X so it can be added to the lattice structure .
Nyatakan satu sifat X yang membolehkan ia ditambah ke dalam struktur kekisi.

4(a)(ii)

1

[1 mark] [1markah]
4(a)(iii)

(iii) What type of semiconductor produce in diagram 4.1 Apakah jenis semikonduktor yang dihasilkan dalam rajah 4.1

1

[ 1 mark]
[1 markah]

(iv) Explain the existence of majority charge carrier in the semiconductor.
Huraikan kewujudan pembawa cas majoriti dalam semikonduktor itu. 4(a)(iv)

2

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

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(b)

Diagram 4.2 shows an electrical circuit.
Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan sebuah litar elektrik

Diagram 4.2
Rajah 4.2

On space below draw the relevant circuit diagram

4(c)

2

[2 marks] [2 markah]
Total A4 7

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5.

Two apples with same size and mass ,each of these apples is dipped into oil and water separately. The apples immersed at different levels in the two liquids. The density of the oil is 800 kg m-3 and the density of water is 1000 kg m-3 . Dua biji epal dengan saiz dan jisim yang sama, sebiji dari setiap epal tersebut dicelupkan ke dalam minyak dan air secara berasingan .Buah epal tersebut terendam pada aras yang berbeza di dalam kedua-dua cecair tersebut. Ketumpatan minyak adalah 800 kg m-3 dan ketumpatan air ialah 1000 kg m-3 .

Diagram 5.1 Rajah 5.1

Diagram 5.2 Rajah 5.2

Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2 illustrate the situation of the apples in the oil and in the water. Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2 menggambarkan situasi buah-buah epal itu di dalam minyak dan air. 5(a) (a) What is meant by mass? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan jisim? 1 (b) Based on Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2 : Berdasarkan Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2 : (i) Compare the level of the apple in the oil and in the water. Bandingkan aras epal di dalam minyak dan di dalam air.

[ 1 mark]
[1 markah]

5(b)(i)

1

[ 1 mark]
[1 markah]  5(b)(ii) (ii) 1 Compare the volume of liquid displaced by the apple in the oil and in the water Bandingkan isipadu cecair yang disesarkan oleh epal itu di dalam minyak dan di dalam air.

[ 1 mark]
[1 markah]

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SULIT (iii)

11 Compare the density of oil and water. Bandingkan ketumpatan minyak dan air .

4531/2

5(b)(iii)

[ 1 mark]
[1 markah]  (c) (i) Relate the volume of liquid displaced to the density of the liquid. Hubungkaitkan isipadu cecair yang disesarkan dengan ketumpatan cecair.         5(c)(i) 1

[ 1 mark]
[1 markah]  (ii) State the relationship between weight of the apple and the weight of the liquid displaced. Nyatakan hubungan di antara berat epal dengan berat cecair yang tersesar.

1

5(c)(ii)   (d)

[ 1 mark]
[1 markah]  1

Name the physics principle that explains the situation above. Namakan satu prinsip fizik yang menerangkan situasi di atas.

5(d)                                                                                                                                                                                                                   [ 1 mark] 1 [1 markah]

(e)

A submarine can sail on the sea surface and under the sea by using the principle stated in (d). How a submarine at the seabed can float to the surface of the sea? Kapal selam boleh belayar di permukaan laut dan di bawah permukaan laut menggunakan prinsip yang anda namakan dalam (d).Bagaimanakah kapal selam di dasar laut boleh terapung di permukaan laut?

5(e)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              [ 1 mark] [1 markah]  1

Total A5 8

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6

Diagram 6 shows a group of identical pendulum K, L, M, N, O and P . The pendulum is arranged in line then L is allowed to oscillate. Consequences all the
pendulums starts to oscillate. It is observed that N is vibrating at the maximum amplitude.

The length of the pendulum affected the frequency of oscillation.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan satu kumpulan bandul yang serupa K, L, M, N, O dan P . Bandul-bandul itu disusun sebaris, kemudian bandul L diayunkan pada frekuensi aslinya. Akibatnya kesemua bandul lain turut berayun. Diperhatikan bahawa bandul N berayun dengan amplitud yang maksimum Panjang bandul mempengaruhi frekuensi ayunan bandul

Diagram 6
Rajah 6 6(a)

(a)

What is the meaning of amplitude?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan amplitud? [1 mark] [ 1 markah ] Observe Diagram 6, base from the diagram and the information given ; Perhatikan Rajah 6, berdasarkan pemerhatian dan maklumat yang diberikan ;

1 (b)

(i)
6(b)(i)

Compare the length of the pendulums
Bandingkan panjang bandul-bandul itu

2

[2 marks] [ 2 markah ]

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(ii)

Relate the length of the pendulum L to N and the amplitude of the oscillation of the pendulum N.
Hubungkait panjang bandul L dengan N serta amplitud ayunan bandul N. [1 mark] [ 1 markah ]

6(b)(ii) 1

(iii)

Name the phenomenon involved
Namakan fenomena yang terlibat

6(b)(iii) 1

[1 mark]
[ 1 markah ]

(c) Explain why the rest of the pendulums start to oscillate after pendulum L is oscillated and pendulum N oscillates at the maximum amplitude.
Terangkan mengapa setelah bandul L diayunkan bandul-bandul lain turut berayun dan bandul N pula berayun dengan amplitud maksimum. 6(c)

3

[3 marks]
[ 3 markah ]

Total A6

8

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7. Diagram 7.1 and 7.2 show two actions on landing activity by two athletes.

Rajah 7.1 dan 7.2 menunjukkan aksi aktiviti mendarat oleh dua orang atlit.

Diagram 7.1 Rajah 7.1

Diagram 7.2 Rajah 7.2

a) Both athletes jumped from the same height and fall on the same ground.
Kedua-dua atlit itu terjun dari ketinggian yang sama dan mendarat di kawasan yang sama. 7(a)(i) (i) Name the force that causes the athlete to fall down Namakan daya yang menyebabkan atlet-atlet itu jatuh? [ 1 mark ] [ 1 markah ] (ii) 7(a)(ii) 1 7(b)(i) 1 7(b)(ii) 2 (ii) Explain your answer in (b)(i) Terangkan jawapan anda dalam (b)(i) b) (i) Compare the impact on the athletes during the landing. Bandingkan kesan hentaman ke atas atlit semasa pendaratan tersebut. [ 1 mark] [ 1 markah ] State the name of the phenomenon given to (a)(i) Apakah nama fenomena yang diberikan pada situasi (a)(i) [1 mark] [1 markah]

1

[ 2 marks] [ 2 markah ]

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(d)

Diagram 7.3 shows a set of playing equipment to be placed in children playground. Rajah 7.3 menunjukkan satu set peralatan permainan yang hendak diletakkan pada satu taman permainan kanak-kanak.

Diagram 7.3
Rajah 7.3

By referring to Diagram 7.3,

(i)

explain one modification to the set of the equipment so that it is safer for the kindergarten.
terangkan satu pengubahsuaian kepada set peralatan itu supaya lebih selamat bagi kegunaan tadika.

7(c)(i) 2 marks] [ 2 markah ] 2

(ii)

describe a property for the playground base and explain how it can avoid from serius injury.
huraikan satu ciri tapak taman permainan ini dan terangkan bagaimana ia boleh mengelakkan kecederaan yang serius. 7(c)(ii)

3 . [ 3marks] [ 3 markah ] Total A7

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8

Diagram 8 shows an electric kettle with specification of 240 V, 1.2 kW. Rajah 8 menunjukkan sebuah cerek elektrik dengan spesifikasi 240V, 1.2 kW. Electric kettle Cerek elektrik

Three-pin-plug Plug-tiga-pin

Heating element Elemen pemanas

Diagram 8 Rajah 8 (a) What is meant by the label 240V, 1.2 kW? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan label 240V, 1.2 kW? [1 mark]

8(a)

[1markah] (b) Calculate
Hitungkan (i) the current flows through the electric kettle. arus yang mengalir melalui cerek elektrik itu.

1

8(b)(i) [2 marks]

[2 markah]

1

(ii)

the resistance of the heating elements in the kettle. Rintangan elemen pemanas dalam cerek elektrik itu.

[2 marks] [2 markah]

8(b)(ii)

1

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Four electric kettles W, X , Y and Z with specification 240 V, 2 kW are made from materials with different characteristics. Table 8 shows the characteristics of the materials. Empat cerek elektrik W, X ,Y dan Z dengan spesifikasi 240 V, 2 kW diperbuat daripada bahan-bahan dengan ciri yang berlainan. . Jadual 8 menunjukkan ciri-ciri bahan tersebut. The characteristics of the materials are used in the heating element in the kettle Ciri-ciri bahan yang digunakan dalam elemen pemanas cerek . Resistivity/ Boiling point Kerintangan Takat didih /oC 10-8  m 3501 1085 3387 1064 12.50 5.20 11.40 4.34

Kettle Cerek

Fuse Fius 7A 10 A 10 A 7A

W X Y Z

TABLE 8
JADUAL 8 (i) Based on the characteristics of the heating elements in Table 8, suggest two electric kettles suitable to heat water. Give reason for your answer. Berdasarkan ciri-ciri elemen pemanas dalam Jadual 8, cadangkan dua cerek elektrik yang sesuai untuk memanaskan air. Berikan sebab bagi jawapan anda.

. 8(c)(i) 3 [3 marks] [ 3 markah] Based on the fuse used in the Table 8, suggest two electric kettles suitable to heat water. Give one reason for your answer. Berdasarkan fius yang digunakan dalam Jadual 8, cadangkan dua cerek elektrik yang sesuai digunakan untuk memanaskan air. Berikan sebab bagi jawapan anda.

(ii)

8(c)(ii) 2

[2 marks]

[2markah]

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18 (iii) Using your answer in (b)(i) and (b)(ii), suggest which electric kettle is the most suitable to heat water. Give reason for your answer. Menggunakan jawapan anda dalam (b)(i) dan (b)(ii), cadangkan cerek elektrik yang paling sesuai digunakan untuk memanaskan air. Berikan sebab bagi jawapan anda.

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[2marks] [2 markah]

8(c)(iii) 2

Total A8
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Section B
Bahagian B

[20 marks]

Answer any one question from this section Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.
9. Diagram 9.1 shows a phenomenon of light on mirror P. Diagram 9.2 shows the same phenomenon of light on Q. CX is the radius of curvature and F is the focal point.
Rajah 9.1 menunjukkan satu fenomena cahaya ke atas cermin P. Rajah 9.2 menunjukkan fenomena yang sama ke atas cermin Q. CX ialah jejari kelengkungan dan F ialah titik fokus cermin tersebut.

Diagram 9.1
Rajah 9.1

Diagram 9.2
Rajah 9.2

(a) (i)

What is the meaning of focal point?
Apakah maksud titik fokus?

[1 mark] [1 markah]

(ii)

Observe Diagrams 9.1 and Diagram 9.2. Compare the curvature of mirrors, the focal length and the effect on the angle of reflection. State the relationship between the curvature of the mirrors and their focal lengths. [5 marks]
Berdasarkan Rajah 9.1 dan 9.2, bandingkan kelengkungan cermin , panjang fokus dan kesan ke atas sinar cahaya yang dipantulkan. Nyatakan hubungan antara kelengkungan cermin dengan panjang fokus. [5 markah]

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(b)

Diagram 9.3 shows two cars, R and S , travelling in the opposite directions, passing through a sharp band. A mirror is placed at X .
Rajah 9.3 menunjukkan dua kereta R dan S, bergerak dalam arah yang bertentangan di antara satu sama lain melalui satu selekoh tajam. Sebuah cermin diletakkan di X.

Diagram 9.3
Rajah 9.3

(i) (ii)

Name the type of mirror at position X.
Namakan jenis cermin pada kedudukan X.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

Explain how the mirror is able to help the driver of R’s car to see car S.
Terangkan bagaimana cermin itu dapat membantu pemandu kereta R melihat kereta S.

[ 3 marks] [3 markah] (c) As a scout, you intend to design a solar cooker that can be used to boil water using direct sun light. Suggest and explain how to build a solar cooker which can boil water in shortest time, based on the following aspect:
Sebagai seorang pengakap, anda bercadang untuk mereka sebuah dapur solar yang boleh mendidihkan air menggunakan pancaran matahari secara terus. Cadang dan terangkan bagaimana untuk membina sebuah dapur solar yang boleh mendidihkan air dalam masa yang singkat berdasarkan aspek-aspek berikut:

(i) (ii)

The type of a mirror used
Jenis cermin yang digunakan

The position of the water container
Kedudukan bekas air Bahan yang digunakan untuk komponen dapur

(iii) The material used for the cooker compartment
(iv)

The colour painted on the outside and inside of the solar cooker.
Warna yang dicat kan pada bahagian luar dan dalam dapur solar.

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[10 marks] [10 markah] 10. Diagram 10.1 (a) shows a simple wire pendulum that oscillate between two bars magnet.
Rajah 10.1 (a) menunjukkan satu bandul dawai sedang berayun di antara dua magnet bar.

Diagram 10.1 (b) shows the same simple pendulum oscillating from higher place.
Rajah 10.1 (b) menunjukkan bandul diayun dari kedudukan lebih tinggi.

Diagram 10.2 (a) shows a simple dynamo and it armature rotate between two bars magnet.
Rajah 10.2(a) menunjukkan satu dinamo ringkas dan gegelungnya sedang berputar di antara dua magnet .

Diagram 10.2 (b) shows the same simple dynamo and it armature rotating faster.
Rajah 10.2(b) menunjukkan dinamo diputarkan lebih laju.

Diagram 10.1(a)
Rajah 10.1(a)

Diagram 10.1(b)
Rajah 10.1(b)

Diagram 10.2(a)
Rajah 10.2(a)

Diagram 10.2(b)
Rajah 10.2(b)

(a)(i)

What is the meaning of induce current?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan arus aruhan?

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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(iii)

Observe Diagram 10.1(a), Diagram 10.1(b), Diagram 10.2(a) and Diagram 10.2(b). Compare the brightness of the bulb, the amplitude of pendulum bob and the rate of oscilating armature. Relate the brightness of the bulb with the induced current produced in the circuit to deduct a relationship between the induced current and the rate of cutting the magnetic field. [5 marks]
Perhatikan Rajah 10.1(a), Rajah 10.1(b), Rajah 10.2(a) dan Rajah 10.2(b). Bandingkan kecerahan mentol, amplitud ayunan bandul dan kadar putaran gegelung. Hubungkait kecerahan mentol dengan arus aruhan yang terhasil di dalam litar tersebut seterusnya kaitkan hubungan antara arus aruhan dan kadar pemotongan fluks magnet. [5 markah]

(b)

Explain the working principle of an electric bell.
Huraikan prinsip kerja sebuah loceng elektrik

[4 marks]
[4 markah]

(j)

With the help of labeled diagram, describe the modification to change this dynamo to a high efficiency direct current (DC) motor .
Dengan gambar rajah berlabel jelaskan bagaimanakah pengubahsuaian yang perlu dilakukan untuk menukar dinamo di atas menjadi motor arus terus yang mempunyai kecekapan yang tinggi.

[10 marks] [10 markah]

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11.

Diagram 11 shows a doctor used a thermometer to measure the body temperature of a boy.
Rajah 11 menunjukkan seorang doktor menggunakan sebuah termometer untuk mengukur suhu badan seorang budak.

Diagram 11
Rajah 11

(a)

What is the meaning of temperature?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan suhu?

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b)

Explain, in terms of thermal equilibrium, how the termometer reads the body temperature of the boy .
[4 marks] Terangkan, dalam konteks keseimbangan terma, bagaimana termometer tersebut memberi bacaan suhu badan budak lelaki tersebut. [4 markah]

(c)

Table 11 shows the characteristics of five thermometers, P, Q, R, S and T. Jadual 11 menunjukkan ciri-ciri lima termometer, P, Q, R, S dan T.

Thermometer
termometer

Liquid used
Cecair yang digunakan

Glass walled bulb
Dinding bebuli kaca

Diameter of capillary tube
Diameter tiub kapilari

Glass-bore stem and cross-section/
Lubang batang kaca dan keratan rentas
thick and curved tebal dan melengkung/

P

Mercury
Merkuri

Thin
Nipis

Big
Besar

Q R S T

Mercury
Merkuri

Thick
Tebal

Small
Kecil Small Kecil

thin and plane

Mercury
Merkuri

Thin
Nipis

thin and curved thick and plane thick and curved

Alcohol
Alkohol

Thick
Tebal

Big
Besar

Alcohol
Alkohol

Thin
Nipis

Small
Kecil

Freezing point of mercury = -39oC Takat beku merkuri Freezing point of alcohol = - 112oC Takat beku alkohol

Boiling point of mercury = 360oC takat didih merkuri Boiling point of alcohol = 78oC takat didih alkohol

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A research project is carried out on the weather of a region with the surrounding temperature is between - 40o C to - 8o C. Thermometer is an equipment to be taken for the research project.

Satu projek penyelidikan hendak dijalankan di suatu kawasan dengan suhu sekitaran antara -40oC dan -8oC. Termometer adalah antara peralatan yang perlu dibawa dalam projek penyelidikan itu.
As a researcher, you are required to determine the most suitable thermometer to be taken with as one item of the equipment. Study the characteristics of all the five thermometers based on the following aspects:
Sebagai seorang penyelidik, anda diminta untuk menentukan termometer yang paling sesuai sebagai satu item peralatan yang perlu untuk dibawa bersama . Kaji ciri kelima-lima termometer itu berdasarkan aspek berikut:

- The liquid used
Jenis cecair yang digunakan

- Glass wall bulb
Dinding bebuli kaca

- Diameter of capillary tube
Diameter tiub kapilari

- Glass bore stem and cross section
Lubang batang kaca dan keratan rentas

Explain the suitability of the aspects. Justify your choice.
Terangkan kesesuaian aspek-aspek itu Beri sebab bagi pilihan anda.

[10 marks]
[10 markah]

(d)

A thermometer which is not calibrated has a mercury column of length 5.0 cm when the temperature is 0o C and 25.0 cm when the temperature is 100oC. The mercury column is 12.0 cm when put in liquid X.
Sebuah termometer yang belum ditentukurkan mempunyai panjang turus 5.0 cm apabila suhu adalah 0oC dan 25.0 cm apabila suhu adalah 100oC. Turus merkuri adalah 12 cm apabila diletakkan ke dalam cecair X.

(i)

Determine the temperature of liquid X in Kelvin.
Tentukan suhu cecair X itu dalam Kelvin [4 marks] [4 markah]

(ii)

State a thermometric property used when making of a thermometer.
Nyatakan satu sifat termometri yang digunakan dalam membuat sebuat termometer [1 mark] [1 markah]

.

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12.

Diagram 12.1 shows part of Uranium-238 radioactive decay series.

Diagram 12.1 Rajah 12.1

(a)

What is the meaning of radioactive decay?

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b)

Based on Diagram 12.1; Uranium 238U decays to Thorium (i) 92 the decaying process.

234 90

Th . Write an equation to show

[1 mark]

Uranium 238U telah mereput kepada Thorium 234Th . Tulis satu persamaan 92 90 untuk menunjukkan pereputan ini. [1 markah]

(ii)

Explain the changes in the nucleus of uranium-238 during the decaying process

[2 marks]

Terangkan perubahan yang berlaku dalam nuklues uranium-238 semasa pereputan tersebut. [2 markah]

(iii)

Determine the number of alpha particles and beta particles produced by the radioactive decaying series shown in Diagram 12.1. [2 marks]
Tentukan bilangan zarah alpha dan beta yang dihasilkan di dalam siri pereputan radioaktif yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 12.1. [2 markah]

(iv)

The half life of 234 Pa is 6.7 hours and initially has a mass 32 g. What is 91 the mass of Pa-234 after 33.5 hours? [2 marks]
Separuh hayat bagi
234 91

Pa

234 91

sebanyak 32 g. Berapakah jisim

Pa selepas 33.5 jam?

[2 markah]

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(c)

Diagram 12.2 shows a leakage of an underground water pipe line. Radioactive source is used to detect the spot of the water leakage.
Rajah 12.2 menunjukkan sebatang paip air bawah tanah mengalami kebocoran. Sumber radioaktif boleh digunakan untuk mengesan kebocoran air daripada paip di bawah tanah.

Diagram 12.2
Rajah 12.2

(i)

Explain how a radioactive source is used to detect the spot of the water leakage from the pipe. [2 marks]
Terangkan bagaimana sumber radioaktif boleh digunakan untuk mengesan lokasi air yang bocor daripada paip. [2 markah]

You are asked to investigate the characteristics of five radioactive sources shown in Table 12. Explain the suitability of each characteristic of the radioactive sources and determine the most suitable radioactive source which can be used to locate the water leak. Give reasons for your choice. [10 marks]
Anda ditugaskan untuk mengkaji ciri-ciri bagi lima sumber radioaktif seperti ditunjukkan dalam Jadual 12 Terangkan kesesuaian setiap ciri sumber radioaktif itu dan tentukan sumber radioaktif yang paling sesuai untuk mengesan kebocoran air. Beri sebab untuk pilihan anda. [10 markah]

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Penetrating power
Kuasa Penembusan

Sinaran dipancarkan

Half-life
Separuh Hayat

State of matter

P Q R S T

Low
Rendah

Alpha – α
Alfa – α

16 hours
16 jam

Solid
Pepejal

Medium

Beta – β
Beta – β

20 days
20 hari

Liquid
Cecair

Tinggi
Medium
Sederhana

Beta – β
Beta – β

15 hours
15 jam

Liquid
Cecair

High
Tinggi

Gamma – γ
Gamma – γ

40 minutes
40 minit

Solid
Pepejal

High
Tinggi

Gamma – γ
Gamma – γ

10 hours
10 jam

Liquid
Cecair

Table 12

END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA
SEKOLAH MENENGAH MALAYSIA (CAWANGAN MELAKA)

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2010
PHYSICS
Kertas 3 Ogos/Sept. 1 ½ jam

4531/3

Satu jam tiga puluh minit JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1.

Tulis nama dan angka giliran anda pada petak yang disediakan.

2.

Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam Dwibahasa.
Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu.
Calon dibenarkan menjawab keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan sama ada dalam bahasa Inggeris atau bahasa Melayu..

3.

4.

5.

Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 15 halaman bercetak.
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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON

1. This question paper consists of two sections : Section A and Section B. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua bahagian: Bahagian A dan Bahagian B. 2. Answer all questions in Section A. Write your answers for Section A in the spaces provided in the question paper. Jawab semua soalan dalam Bahagian A. Jawapan kepada Bahagian A hendaklah ditulis dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan.

4. Show your working, it may help you to get marks. Tunjukkan kerja mengira,ini membantu anda mendapatkan markah. 5. If you wish to cancel any answer, neatly cross out the answer. Sekiranya anda hendak membetulkan sesuatu jawapan, buatkan garisan di atas jawapan itu. 6. The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan. 7. Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets.
Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam kurungan.

8. A booklet of four-figure mathematical tables is provided. Buku sifir matematik empat angka disediakan. 9. You may use a non-programable scientific calculator. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram. 10. The time suggested to answer Sectin A is 60 minutes and Section B is 30 minutes. Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 60 minit dan Bahagian B ialah 30 minit. 11. Hand in this question paper at the end of the examination. Serah kertas soalan ini di akhir peperiksaan.

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3 Section A
Bahagian A

[ 28 marks]
[28 markah]

Answer all questions in this section
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.

1. A student carries out an experiment to study the relationship between the speed of trolley, v and the height of the trolley on the inclined plane from the surface, h. The arrangement of apparatus is shown in Diagram 1.1. The frequency of the ticker timer is 50 Hz. The height of the trolley on the inclined plane from the surface, h = the height of the block.
Seorang pelajar menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara halaju troli, v dan ketinggian troli di atas landasan condong daripada permukaan lantai, h. Susunan radas eksperimen seperti yang ditunjukkan pada Rajah 1.1. Frekuensi jangka masa detik ialah 50 Hz. Ketinggian troli di atas landasan condong daripada permukaan lantai, h = ketinggian tinggi bongkah.

Diagram 1.1
Rajah 1.1

At the beginning of the experiment, the height of the block is started with h = 20.0 cm. 10 ticks is chosen from the centre of the ticker tape to calculate the speed as shown in Diagram 1.2. The experiment is repeated by varying the values of h to be 30.0 cm, 40.0 cm, 50.0 cm and 60.0 cm. Every section of 10 ticks at the centre of ticker tape can be obtained as shown in Diagram 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6.
Pada awal eksperimen tinggi bongkah h dimulai dengan 20.0 cm. 10 detik dipilih daripada bahagian tengah pita detik untuk menghitung halaju seperti yang ditunjukkan di Rajah 1.2. Eksperimen diulangi dengan menggunakan ketinggian bongkah h = 30.0 cm, 40.0 cm, 50.0 cm dan 60.0 cm. Keratan 10 detik pada bahagian tengah pita detik yang diperolehi ditunjukkan seperti pada Rajah 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 dan 1.6.
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Diagram 1.2
Rajah 1.2

Diagram 1.3
Rajah 1.3

Diagram 1.4
Rajah 1.4

h = 20.0 cm s1 = ….….. cm v1 = ………cm s
-1

h = 30.0 cm s2 = ….….. cm v2 = ………cm s
-1

h = 40.0 cm s3 = ….….. cm v3 = ………cm s
-1

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Diagram 1.5
Rajah 1.5

Diagram 1.6
Rajah 1.6

h = 50.0 cm s4 = ….….. cm v4 = ………cm s
-1

h = 60.0 cm s5 = ….….. cm v5 = ………cm s
-1

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6 (a) For the experiment described on page 3, identify Bagi eksperimen yang diterangkan di halaman 3, kenal pasti ; 1(a)(i)
(i) The manipulated variable, pembolehubah yang dimanipulasikan,

.....................................................................................................................

.
1(a)(ii) (ii) The responding variable pembolehubah bergerak balas,

[1 mark] [1 markah]

……………………………………………………………………………..
1(a)(iii) [1 mark] [1 markah]

(iii) A fixed variable, pembolehubah yang dimalarkan,

……………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark] [1 markah]

(b) For this part of the question, write your answers in the spaces provided in the corresponding diagrams.
Untuk bahagian soalan ini, tulis jawapan anda dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam rajah-rajah yang sepadan.

1(b)(i)

(i) Based on Diagrams 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6 on pages 4 and 5, record the readings of s .
Berdasarkan Rajah 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 dan 1.6 di halaman 4 dan 5, catat bacaan s [2 marks] [2 markah]

(ii) Calculate v for each value of s in 1(b)(i), using the formula
1(b)(ii)

Record the value of v. Hitung v bagi setiap nilai s di 1(b)(i), menggunakan formula Catat nilai v.
[2 marks] [2 markah]

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7 (c) Tabulate your results for all values of h, s and v in the space below. 1(c)
Jadualkan keputusan anda bagi semua nilai h, s dan v dalam ruang di bawah. [2 marks] [2 markah]

(d) On the graph paper on page 5, draw a graph of v against h.
Pada kertas graf di halaman 5, lukiskan graf v melawan h.

1(d)

[5 marks]
[5 markah]

(e) Based on the graph on page 5, state the relationship between v and h.
Berdasarkan graf anda di halaman 5, nyatakan hubungan antara v dan h ..........................................................................................................................

1(e)

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(f) State one precaution in this experiment. Nyatakan satu langkah berjaga-jaga dalam eksperimen ini
..................................................................................................................... . [1 mark] [1markah]

1(f)

Total A1

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Graph of v against h Graf v melawan h

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2. A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between angle of incidence,i and angle of refraction, r of a glass block.

The results of this experiment are shown in the graph sin r against sin i in Diagram 2.1.
Seorang murid menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk menyiasat hubungan antara sudut tuju,i dengan sudut biasan,r bagi satu blok kaca. Keputusan eksperimen ini ditunjukkan oleh graf sin r melawan sin i pada Rajah 2.1.

(a) Based on the graph in Diagram 2.1:

(i) State the relationship between sin r and sin i.
Nyatakan hubungan antara sin r dengan sin i.

2(a)(i)

…………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) Determine the value of i when sin r = 0.6. Show on the graph, how you determine the value of i.
Tentukan nilai i apabila sin r = 0.6. Tunjukkan pada graf itu bagaimana anda menentukan nilai i.

2(a)(ii)

x = ………………….
[3 marks] [3 markah]
(iii)Calculate the gradient, m. of the graph. Show on the graph how you calculate m. Hitung kecerunan, m, bagi graf itu. Tunjukkan pada graf itu bagaimana anda menghitung m.

2(a)(iii) m = …………………….
[3 marks] [3 markah]

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10 Graph of sin r against sin i
Graf Sin r melawan sin i

Sin r

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8 Diagram 2.1
Rajah 2.1

1.0

Sin i

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11

(b) The index of refraction, n, of the glass is given by the formula where m is the gradient of the graph. Calculate the value of . Indeks biasan,n, bagi kaca diberi oleh formula ialah kecerunan graf. Hitung nilai n. , dengan keadaan m

2(b)

 = ……………………
[2 marks] [2 markah]

(c) The relationship between the speed of light in glass, v and the speed of light in air, c, is , . where n is the index of refraction of the glass. 8 -1 The speed of light in air, c = 3 x 10 m s . Using the answer in 2(b), calculate the speed of light in glass.
Hubungan antara laju cahaya di dalam kaca, v, dan laju cahaya di udara, c, , dengan keadaan  ialah index biasan bagi kaca. 8 -1 Laju cahaya di udara, c = 3 x 10 m s . Menggunakan jawapan di 2(b), hitung laju cahaya di dalam kaca itu.
ialah

2(c)

v = …………………………………
[2 marks] [2 markah]

2(d)

(d) State one precaution that should be taken to improve the accuracy of the result of this experiment.
Nyatakan satu langkah berjaga-jaga yang perlu diambil untuk memperbaiki ketepatan bacaan dalam eksperimen ini.

…………………………………………………………………………….
Total A2

…………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah]
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12 Section B
Bahagian B

[ 12 marks]
[12 markah]

Answer any one questions from this section
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.

3. Diagram 3 shows a dented ping pong ball then put in a basin that consist cold water (Diagram 3 (a)), warm water (Diagram 3 (b)), and hot water (Diagram 3 (c)). Observe the shape of ping pong ball and their surroundings.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan perubahan bentuk sebiji bola pingpong yang kemik setelah dimasukkan ke dalam besen yang mengandungi air sejuk(Rajah 3(a)), air suam(Rajah 3(b)) dan air panas(Rajah 3(c)). Perhatikan bentuk bola ping pong dan persekitaran.

Diagram 3 (a) Rajah 3 (a)

Diagram 3 (b) Rajah 3 (b)

Diagram 3 (c) Rajah 3 (c)

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13 Based on the information and observation above:
Berdasarkan kepada maklumat dan pemerhatian di atas:

(a)

State one suitable inference.
Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai.

[1 mark ]
[1 markah]

(b)

State one suitable hypothesis.
Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai.

[1 mark ] [1 markah]

(c)

With the use of apparatus such as a thermometer, capillary tube, bunsen burner and other apparatus, describe an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3 (b).
Dengan menggunakan alat radas seperti termometer, tiub kapilari, penunu bunsen dan lain-lain radas, terangkan satu rangka eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang anda nyatakan di 3(b)

In your description, state clearly the following;
Dalam penerangan anda sila nyatakan dengan jelas perkara-perkara berikut;

(i) (ii) (iii)

Aim of the experiment.
Tujuan eksperimen.

Variables in the experiment.
Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen.

List of apparatus and materials.

(iv)

Arrangement of the apparatus.

(v)

The procedures of the experiment include the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable.
Prosedur eksperimen termasuk kaedah mengawal pembolehubah dimanipulasikan dan kaedah mengukur pembolehubah bergerak balas.

(vi) (vii)

The way you would tabulate the data.

The way you would analyze the data. Cara anda akan menganalisis data.
[10 marks ] [10 markah] SULIT

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14 4. Diagram 4 shows the side view of two ripple tanks. When the motors are switched on, water waves with the same frequency are produced.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan pandangan sisi dua buah tangki riak . Apabila suis motor dihidupkan gelombang air dengan frekuensi yang sama dihasilkan.

Diagram 4 Rajah 4
Based on the information and observation above:
Berdasarkan kepada maklumat dan pemerhatian di atas:

(a) State one suitable inference.
Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai.

( 1 mark) (b) State one suitable hypothesis. Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai. ( 1 mark) (c) With the use of apparatus such as ripple tank, a vibrator motor and other apparatus, describe an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4 (b). Dengan menggunakan alat radas seperti sebuah tangki riak, sebuah motor penggetar lain-lain radas, terangkan satu rangka eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang anda nyatakan di 4 (b).

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15 In your description, state clearly the following: Dalam penerangan anda sila nyatakan jelas perkara-perkara berikut; (i) Aim of the experiment. Tujuan eksperimen (ii) Variables in the experiment. Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen (iii) List of apparatus and materials. Senarai radas dan bahan. (iv) Arrangement of the apparatus. Susunan radas
(v) The procedures of the experiment include the method of controlling the Manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable. Prosedur eksperimen termasuk kaedah mengawal pembolehubah dimanipulasikan dan kaedah mengukur pembolehubah bergerak balas.

(vi) The way you would tabulate the data. Cara anda menjadualkan data. (vii) The way you analyze the data. Cara anda menganalisis data. ( 10 marks)

END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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ANSWER FOR PHYSICS PAPER 1 SET 1 2010 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 B B C D C B A B C C C A C C A D B A C A C B A C C 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 D D C B B B A B A C A B C B B A B D A B C C D D E

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1    Peperiksaan Percubaan SPM Melaka 2010   Kertas 2  Marking Scheme     No  1(a)  (b)(i)  (b)(ii)  (c)      2(a)   (b)  (c)  Marking Scheme  Quantity that can be measured  Zero error  microampere  Subtracting the reading with the error reading                  Bourdon Gauge  Pressure  1st  :  27 + 273 = 300 K    2nd :    Marks  1  1  1  1  4    1  1  3

TOTAL

3(a)  (b)

3rd : T = 309.38 K  / 36.38 ˚C                    TOTAL    Electromagnet Induction  1st : correct direction of current flows in either one solenoid is shown  2nd : direction of the galvanometer counter to left  3rd : angle of deflection of galvanometer in solenoid Q is greater

5    1  3

(c)(i)  (c)(ii)      4(a)(i)  (a)(ii)  (a)(iii)  (a)(iv)  (b)      5(a)  (b)(i)  (b)(ii)  (b)(iii)  (c)(i)

Induced current  Cutting the magnetic field/flux                         TOTAL     Phosphorus / Arsenic /  Size of the atom more or less the same with the semiconductor  n‐type  1st : excessive of electron  2nd : majority charge carrier is electron  1st : correct symbols for  battery, bulb, diod and switch  2nd : all arrange in series with 2 batteries                         TOTAL    Mass is the quantity of matter  The level of the apple in the oil immerses more than in the water  Volume of  oil displaced by the apple is larger than the water  Density of water is larger/ greater than oil.  Inversely proportional

1  1  6    1  1  1  2  2  7    1  1  1  1  1

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(c)(ii)  (d)  (e)      6(a)  (b)(i)  (b)(ii)  (b)(iii)  (c)

7(a)(i)  (a)(ii)  (b)(i)  (b)(ii)

(c)(i)  (c)(ii)

8(a)  (b)(i)  (b)(ii)  (c)(i)

(c)(ii)  (c)(iii)      9(a)(i)

2    Equal  Archimedes principle  Empty the ballast tank / Remove the water                        TOTAL    The maximum displacement from the equilibrium position  1st :  pendulums have different length  2nd : but L = N  L = N  and oscillate at maximum amplitude  Resonance  1st : energy is transferred   2nd : N has the same (natural) frequency with L  3rd : N and L are resonate                                       TOTAL    Gravitational force  Free fall  Impact on Diagram 7.2 is greater  or vice versa  1st :In Diagram 7.1  lengthen the time of impact / or bending the leg to  lengthen time of impact  2nd : reduce the impulsive force  1st :Shorten  the pole / lower the swing  2nd : avoid children falling from high place  1st : sand / rough and soft landing pad  2nd : lengthen time of impact   3rd : reduce impulsive force                                     TOTAL    Consumes  240 V and produce  energy of 1200 J/s  1st :  1200/240   2nd : 5 A  1st : R = 240/5  2nd : 48 Ω  1st : W and Y  2nd : High boiling// high resistivity  3rd : does not melt easily // higher heat produced/ better heating effect  1st : X and Y  2nd : the value of the fius is a bit higher than 8.3 A.  1st : Y  2nd : high boiling point, high resistivity and use 10 A fuse / suitable fuse                                         TOTAL

1  1  1  8    1  2  1  1    3

8    1  1  1  2

2  3

10    1  2  2  3

2  2  12    1

Focal point of a convex mirror is a point on principal axis from which a beam of light parallel to the principal axis converge /diverge.

(a)(ii)

1st : The radius of curvature in Diagram 9.1 is greater than in Diagram

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3

9.2 . 2 : XF/ FC is the focal length/ focal length equal distance between X and F. 3rd : The focal length for mirror P /Diagram 9.1 is smaller/nearer than for mirror Q/Diagram 9.1. 4th : The angle of reflection in Diagram 9.1 is greater than in Diagram 9.2. 5th : When curvature of the mirror increases, the focal length decreases / the curvature of a mirror is inversely proportional to the focal length.
nd

(b)(i)  (b)(ii)

Convex mirror 1st : Light rays from car Q is reflected by the mirror to the driver in car P. 2nd : The driver will see an upright image of car Q inside the mirror. 3rd : The mirror has a wider field of vision Design a solar cooker: 1st : Use concave mirror 2nd : Converge / focus the sun light 3rd : Put the water container at the focal point of the concave mirror. 4th : All the light rays can be reflected and focus at the focal point // get maximum heat 5th : Paint the outside part of the cooker with black colour 6th : To absorb heat 7th : Wrap / use aluminium foil / silver colour inside 8th : So sun light can be reflected back into the cooker 9th : Wrap the cooker with plastic or glass 10th : To trap heat 11th : Put small stones/ pebbles / marbles inside the cooker 12th : Absorb heat 13th : metal 14th : good conductor TOTAL Induce current is a current produced by changing the magnetic field 1st : Diagram 10.1(b) is brighter than Diagram 10.1(a) 2nd : Amplitude in Diagram 10.1(b) is greater than Diagram 10.1(a). 3rd : Diagram 10.2(b) is brighter than Diagram 10.2(a) 4th : The brighter the bulb, the higher the induced current 5th : The higher the induced current the higher the cutting of the magnetic field.

1  3

(c)

10 max

10(a)(i)  (a)(ii)

20    1    5

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4    (b)

1st : When the bell is pressed, a current flows in the coils of the electromagnet, causing the electromagnet to be magnetized. nd 2 :The magnetized electromagnet attracts the soft-iron armature, causing the hammer to strike the gong. 3rd :The movement of the armature breaks the circuit and causes the electromagnet to lose it magnetism. 4th :The light spring pulls the armature back, remaking the contact and completing the circuit again. 5th :The cycle is repeated so long as the bell push is pressed and continuous ringing occurs. 1st : change bulb with dc power supply 2nd : to provide dc current to the motor 3rd : use stronger magnet 4th : increase the strength of the magnetic field/flux 5th : increase the number of turn 6th : increase the rate of change of the magnetic flux 7th : use cylinder magnet 8th : to produce uniform radial magnetic field 9th : wound the wire to soft iron core 10th : concentrate the magnetic field/flux TOTAL Temperature is the degree of hotness 1st : the thermometer is put under the tounge/ inside mouth/under the armpit 2nd : the heat is transferred from the body to the thermometer 3rd : mercury expand until it reaches a state of thermal equilibrium 4th : the temperature of the thermometer is the same as the body 1st : use alchohol 2nd : able to record low temperature / low freezing point 3rd : thin glass wall bulb 4th : more sensitive to heat 5th : small diameter of capillary tube 6th : more sensitive to heat / get a wider range 7th : thick and curve glass bore stem 8th : not easily to break / easy to read 9th : choose T 10th : because it uses alchohol, thin glass wall bulb, small diameter of capillary tube and thick and curve glass bore stem. 1st :

Max 4

(c)

10

11(a)  (b)

20    1    4

(c)

10

(d)(i)

4

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5

2nd : 3rd : 35 ˚C 4th : 308 K
(d)(ii)      12(a)  (b)(i)  (ii)

Volume expand with temperature.. TOTAL Radioactive decay is a process which unstable nucleus emit radiation to become stable → + 1st : During the alpha decay, the number of proton will decrease by 2/ proton number decrease by 2 2nd : and the number of neutron will also decrease by 2 / nucleon decreases by 4 1st :4 alpha particles 2nd : 2 beta particles 1st : t = 33.5 /6.7 = 5 T1/2 2 : 32 → 16 → 8 → 4 → 2 → 1 g
nd

1  20    1  1    2

(iii)  (iv)

2  2

(c)(i)

1st : put a radioactive substance into the water and let the water flow to the location of the leak. 2nd : The location of the leak has the highest / increase activity / reading on detector. 1st : has medium penetrating power \ 2nd : can penetrate the soil and emerge from the ground 3rd : beta ray 4th : medium penetrating power /less dangerous to the worker. 5th : Has a short half-life 6th : Short but enough time to detect the radioactive /active in water for a short time so not harmful to the water consumer th 7 : Liquid 8th : dissolved easily in water 9th Substance R is the most suitable 10th with short half-life, emits beta ray , liquid and has medium penetrating power. TOTAL
END OF MARKING SCHEME

(c)(ii)

10

20

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Marking Scheme Peperiksaan Percubaan SPM Melaka 2010 Paper 3
Question 1(a)(i) 1(a)(ii) 1(a)(iii) 1(b)(i) 1(b)(ii) 1(c) Marking Scheme State the manipulated variable correctly ; Height of inclined plane from the surface, h State the responding variable correctly ; Velocity of the trolley, v State one fixed variable; Mass of troley // No. of trolley // frequency of power supply, f All Values of s are correct.(1 dp) Values of s are consistant 1 decimal point All values of v are correct. Values of v are consistant (1 decimal point) Tabulate h, s and v correctly in the table. A Shows a table which have h, s and v. B State the correct unit of d/cm, s/cm and v/cms . h/cm 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 s /cm 5.9 8.2 10.5 11.9 15.5 v / cm s 29.5 41.0 52.5 59.5 76.5
-1 -1

Marks 1 1 1 2 2 2

1(d)

1(e) 1(f)

Draw the graph of v against d. A - Label y-axis and x-axis correctly B - States the unit at both axis correctly C - Both axes with the even and uniform scale D - 5 points correctly plotted E - a smooth best straight line F - minimum size of the graph is 5 x 4 (Squares of 2 x 2 cm) Number of √ Score 6 5 5 4 3-4 3 2 2 1 1 State the correct relationship based on the candidate’s graph v increase linearly to d State ONE correct precaution so as to produce an accurate result of the experiment The position of the eye perpendicular to the scale when takes the reading to avoid errors due to parallax/systematic error. TOTAL

5

1 1

2(a)(i)

Directly proportional

16 1

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2(a)(ii)

1
2

st

: show on graph
: sin i = 0.9

nd

3

3
2(a)(iii) 1
2

rd

: i = 64.16˚
: show on graph triangle 3

st

nd

: show how to calculate:
rd

3
2(b) 1
2

: n = 1/0.67 2 2
-1

st

nd

:
st

= 1.493 / 1.49 / 1.5
8

2(c)

1

: v = 3 x 10

2
2(d)

nd

:

= 2.01 x 10

/ 1.49 8

ms

The position of the eyes must be perpendicular to the reading on the protactor. Make sure the experiment is conducted in a dark room TOTAL Temperature influence the size of pingpong ball. When the temperature increases, the height of air trapped also increases. To study the relationship between temperature and volume/height MV – temperature RV – Height of air traped/volume FV – pressure Capillary tube, thermometer, beaker, ruler, stirrer, tripod stand, bunsen burner, rubber bands and retort stand with clamp. Charles’ Law experiment. The experiment is set up as shown. 0 When the thermometer is θ = 30 C, the height of the air column, h is read on the ruler scale and record. 0 0 Repeated the experiment for values of temperature, θ = 40 C, 50 C, 0 0 60 C and 70 C. Temperature, θ/ C 30 40 50 60 70
0

1

12

3(a) 3(b) 3(c)(i) 3(c)(ii)

3(c)(iii) 3(c)(iv) 3(c)(v)

3(c)(vi)

Height of air trapped,h/cm

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3(c)(vii)

4(a)

TOTAL State a suitable inference The wave length is influence by the depth of water States a relevant hypothesis The wave length increases when the depth of water increase. Describe a relevant and workable experimental framework State the aim of experiment To study the relationship between the depth of water and the wave length. State the manipulated variable and the responding variable Manipulated variable : The depth of water Responding variable : The wave length. State ONE variable that kept constant Fixed variable : The frequency of waves. Complete list of apparatus and materials Ripple tank, stroboscope, metre rule, Perspex plate and vibrator motor Note: A complete apparatus and materials means, with the apparatus and materials a set of data ( manipulated and responding variables) can be obtained from the experiment State the workable arrangement of the

12 1

4(b)

1

4(c)(i)

1

4(c)(ii)

1

4(c)(iii)

1

4(c)(iv)

4(c)(v)

1

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apparatus 4(c)(vi) State the method of controlling the manipulated variable 1. The apparatus is set up as shown in figure. 2. Arrange a ripple tank, and placed a piece of perspex with h = 1.0 cm placed in the centre of the tank. State the method of measuring the responding variable The waves are freeze by a mechanical stroboscope and the wave length is measured by using metre rule and recorded. Repeat the experiment at least 2 times The experiment is repeated with h = 2.0 cm, 3.0 cm, 4.0 cm, 5.0 cm 4(c)(vii) Tabulating of data Depth/cm The wave length/cm 1

1

4(c)(viii)

State how data will be analysed Wavelength/cm

1

Depth/cm TOTAL END OF MARKING SCHEME 12

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Nama: ......................................................... NO. KAD PENGENALAN ANGKA GILIRAN

PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA SEKOLAH MENENGAH MALAYSIA (CAWANGAN MELAKA)
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2010 PHYSICS 4531/1

Kertas1 Ogos/Sept. 1 ¼ Jam

Satu jam lima belas minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU 1. 2. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman bawah.

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

This question paper consists of 50 questions.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan.

Jawab semua soalan.

Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.
Jawab setiap soalan dengan menghitamkan ruangan yang betul pada kertas jawapan.

Blacken only one space for each question.
Hitamkan satu ruangan sahaja bagi setiap soalan.

If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then blacken the space for the new answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan, padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat. Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru.

6. 7. 8.

The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.

You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan.

A list of formulae is provided on page 2.
Satu senarai rumus disediakan di halaman 2.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 28 halaman bercetak.

1

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The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.

1. a =

vu t

18.

1 1 1 = + f u v

2. v2 = u2 + as 3. s = ut + at
2

19. linear magnification =

4. Momentum = mv 5. F = ma 6. Kinetic energy =

1 2 mv 2

image size object size saiz imej Pembesaran linear = saiz objek ax 20. λ = D

21. n =

7. Potential energy/ Tenaga keupayaan gravity = mgh 8. Elastic potential energy / Tenaga keupayaan kenyal = 9. ρ =
22. n =

Sin i Sin r real depth apparent depth dalam nyata dalam ketara

1 Fx 2

m v

n =

23. Q = It 24. V = IR 25. Power/kuasa, P = IV 26.

10. Pressure, p = hρg

F 11. Pressure/tekanan, P = A
12. Heat/haba, Q = mcθ 13. Heat/haba, Q = ml 14.

Ns V = s Np Vp I sV s x 100% I pV p

27. Efficiency/kecekapan = 28. g = 10 ms-2

PV = constant/pemalar T

15. E = mc2 16. v = fλ 17. Power, P =

energy time tenaga kuasa, P = masa

2

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1. Which of this is a unit for a base quantity?
Manakah antara yang berikut adalah unit bagi kuantiti asas

A. Joule/Joule B. Minute/Minit C. Newton/Newton D. Ampere/Ampere 2. A technician needs to measure the internal diameter of a water pipe as accurately as possible. Which instrument should be used?
Seorang juruteknik hendak mengukur diameter dalam sebatang paip air seberapa jitu yang mungkin. Apakah alat yang patut digunakannya ? A. B. C. D.

Metre rule / Pembaris meter Measuring tape /Pita pengukur Vernier callipers / Angkup vernier Micrometer screw gauge / Tolok skru mikrometer

3. A car accelerates from rest. The graph in Diagram 1 shows how the car’s speed changes with time.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan graf halaju-masa sebuah kereta yang memecut bermula dari pegun

Diagram 1 Rajah 1 How far does the car travel before it reaches a steady speed?
Berapa jauhkah kereta itu bergerak sebelum ia mencapai kelajuan seragam?

A B C D

100 m 200 m 300 m 400 m

3

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4. Diagram 2 shows a man falling from a motorcycle.

Diagram 2 Rajah 2

What property responsible for his fall?
Konsep fizik apakah yang menyebabkan dia terjatuh?

A B C 5

Inertia / Inersia Principle of conservation of energy / Prinsip Keabadiaan Tenaga Principle of conservation of momentum / Prinsip Keabadian Momentum

Diagram 3 shows a tig-tag match between team A and Team B. Both teams are pulling in opposite direction on a rope.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan perlawanan tarik tali antara pasukan A dan pasukan B. Kedua pasukan sedang menarik tali pada arah yang bertentangan.

Diagram 3 Rajah 3
What is the resultant force acting on the rope? Apakah daya paduan yang bertindak pada tali itu?
A 150 N acting to the left.

150 N bertindak ke arah kiri.
B 150 N acting to the right.

150 N bertindak ke arah kanan.
C 350 N acting to the left.

350N bertindak ke arah kiri.
D 350 N acting to the right.

350 N bertindak ke arah kanan.

4

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6

A ball of mass 0.5 kg is being kicked by a force of 10 N. If the force is exerted in 0.2 s, what is the impulse experienced by the ball ?
Sebiji bola berjisim 0.5 kg ditendang dengan daya 10 N. Jika daya dikenakan dalam masa 0.2 s, berapakah impuls yang dialami oleh bola?

A B C D 7

0.8 N s 2.0 N s 10.2 N s 30.0 N s

Diagram 4 shows the horizontal forces acting on the motorcycle when it is accelerating.
Rajah 4 di bawah menunjukkan daya-daya mendatar yang bertindak ke atas motosikal yang sedang memecut.

Resistant Daya rintangan Thrust Daya tujah Friction Geseran

Diagram 4
Rajah 4

Which statement is true?
Pernyataan yang manakah benar?

A A resultant force is equal to zero

B A resultant force is not equal to zero
Daya paduan tidak sama dengan sifar

C Forward thrust is equal to resistant forces
Daya tujah ke hadapan sama dengan daya rintangan

D Forward thrust is less than resistant forces

5

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8

Which object moves with the largest acceleration?
Objek yang manakah bergerak dengan pecutan paling besar? A
3N 2 kg 4N

C.
9N 3 kg 4N

B
6N 2 kg 11 N

D.
2N 1 kg 1N

9

Diagram 5 shows two steel ball bearings, P and Q, being dropped near the surface of the earth.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan dua biji bebola keluli, P dan Q, dijatuhkan berhampiran dengan permukaan bumi.
P Q

Diagram 5
Rajah 5

Which are the correct velocity-time graphs for the motion of P and Q?
Antara graf halaju-masa berikut, yang manakah betul bagi gerakan P dan Q?
A v Q P C v Q P 0 v t 0 v Q P P t

B

Q

D

0

t

0

t

6

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10.

Diagram 6.1 shows a girl standing on a weighing scale with her hands on a table. The reading of the scale is W.
Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan seorang budak berdiri di atas sebuah alat penimbang dengan tangannya di atas sebuah meja. Bacaan penimbang itu ialah W.

F

Weighing scale Alat penimbang

Diagram 6.1
Rajah 6.1

Diagram 6.2
Rajah 6.2

What would be the reading of the scale if she were to press the table with a force F downwards as shown in Diagram 6.2?
Apakah bacaan penimbang itu jika dia menekan meja dengan satu daya, F ke bawah seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 6.2?

A B C D

W F W+F W-F

7

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11

Diagram 7 shows a manometer is connected to a gas tank.

Diagram 7 Rajah 7 Based on the levels of the mercury, which statement is true ? Berdasarkan pada aras merkuri, pernyataan yang manakah benar ?

A. Pressure in the gas tank = atmospheric pressure.
Tekanan dalam tangki gas = tekanan atmosfera. B. Pressure in the gas tank > atmospheric pressure. Tekanan dalam tangki > tekanan atmosfera.

C. Pressure in the gas tank < atmospheric pressure.
Tekanan dalam tangki gas < tekanan atmosfera.

12.

Diagram 8 shows a cylinder containing water.
Rajah 8 menunjukkan satu silinder yang mengandugi air.

Diagram 8 Rajah 8 If the pressure at point P is 12 000 N m-2, the height of h is [the density of the water = 1000 kg m-3]
Jika tekanan pada titik P ialah 12 000 N m-2 , tinggi h ialah [ketumpatan air = 1000 kg m-3 ]

A 0.8 m B 1.0 m

C 1.2 m D 2.0 m

8

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13.

A leaking rubber suction pump is pressed against a smooth wall as shown in Diagram 9(a).When released, the suction pump does not stick to the wall, as shown in Diagram 9(b).
Satu pam penyedut yang bocor ditekan kepada dinding yang licin seperti dirajah 9(a) bawah. Apabila dilepaskan ,didapati pam penyedut tersebut tidak melekat pada dinding seperti Rajah 9(b).

Diagram 9(a)
Rajah 9(a)

Diagram 9(b)
Rajah 9(b)

The suction pump does not stick to the wall because
Pam penyedut tidak melekat pada dinding kerana

A the atmospheric pressure is equal to the pressure inside the pump
tekanan atmosfera adalah sama dengan tekanan udara di dalam penyedut

B the atmospheric pressure is less than the pressure inside the pump

C the atmospheric pressure is more than the pressure inside the pump

14.

Diagram 10 shows a school bag.
Rajah 10 menunjukkan sebuah beg sekolah

Diagram 10
Rajah 10

What is the function of x?
Apakah fungsi x?

A B C

to increase weight and to increase pressure
Untuk menambahkan berat dan menambahkan tekanan

to increase surface area and to decrease pressure
Untuk menambahkan luas permukaan dan mengurangkan tekanan

to decrease weight and to decrease pressure
Untuk mengurangkan berat dan mengurangkan tekanan Untuk mengurangkan luas permukaan dan menambahkan berat

D to decrease surface area and to increase weight

9

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15. Diagram 11 shows an object floating on the surface of water. Which statements is true?
Rajah 11 menunjukkan satu objek terapung atas permukaan air. Pernyataan manakah adalah benar?

Diagram 11
Rajah 11

A B C D

The density of the object is greater than the density of the water.
Ketumpatan objek lebih besar dari ketumpatan air

The volume of water displaced is equal to the volume of the object.

The weight of water displaced is equal to the weight of the object.
Berat air tersesar sama dengan berat objek

The mass of the object is equal to the buoyant force on the object.
Jisim objek sama dengan daya apungan objek.

16. The diagram 12 shows the ‘ Fantastic Submarine ‘ drifting along from a narrow region to a wider region because of
Rajah 12 menunjukkan ‘ Kapal selam Fantastic ‘ hanyut dari kawasan sempit ke yang kurang sempit kerana

Diagram 12
Rajah 12

A

Equilibrium of forces
Keseimbangan daya Prinsip Bernoulli

B Bernoulli’s principle C Archimede’s principle
Prinsip Archimedes

D Conservation of momentum

10

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17. Diagram 13 shows a water reservoir . Rajah 13 menunjukkan sebuah empangan.

Diagram 13
Rajah 13

The base of the wall is thicker because Bahagian bawah dinding lebih tebal kerana A B C D it will be more stable. dinding akan lebih stabil the density of water is high ketumpatan air tinggi Pressure of the water is highest at the surface Tekanan paling tinggi di bahagian permukaan air Pressure of the water is highest at the base Tekanan paling tinggi di bahagian bawah

18. Diagram 14 shows the graph of heating curve of a substance. Rajah 14 menunjukkan graf lengkung pemanasan suatu bahan.

Diagram 14
Rajah 14

At which stage is the substance in a liquid and gas phase ? Pada peringkat manakah bahan itu berada pada fasa cecair dan gas? A B C D AB BC CD DE

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19. Diagram 15 shows two copper blocks touching each other. Rajah 15 menunjukkan dua blok kuprum yang saling bersentuhan.

X

Y

Diagram 15
Rajah 15

Which statement is correct when X and Y are at thermal equilibrium?
Pernyataan yang manakah betul semasa X dan Y berada dalam keseimbangan terma?

A B C D

Temperature of X is higher than Y.
Suhu X lebih tinggi daripada Y.

The quantity of heat energy in X is the same as in the Y.
Kuantiti haba dalam X sama dengan Y.

Rate of change of temperature of X is bigger than that of Y.

Net rate of heat flow between X and Y is zero

20. Some pure water is heated in a beaker until it boils at 100oC. After a few seconds, the temperature will
Sedikit air tulen dipanaskan sehingga mendidih pada suhu 100oC. Selepas beberapa saat suhu air akan A. increase./bertambah B. decrease. /berkurang C. not change./tidak berubah

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21. Based on diagram 16 which of the light ray below can produce a critical angle?
Berdasarkan rajah 16 sinar yang manakah menghasilkan sudut genting?

Diagram 16
Rajah 16

22.

Diagram 17 shows light ray traveling from air to water. Rajah 17 menunjukkan sinar cahaya merambat dari udara ke dalam air.

Diagram 17
Rajah 17

What is the phenomenon which causes the bending of light ray?
Apakah fenomena yang menyebabkan pembengkokkan sinar cahaya itu?

A B C D

Reflection
Pantulan

Refraction
Pembiasan

Difraction
Pembelauan

Interference
Interferens

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23.

Diagram 18 shows the image of the fish is nearer to the surface of water than the actual of the fish.

Diagram 18
Rajah 18

If the fish is at an actual depth of 3.0 m and the refractive index of water is 1.33, what is the apparent depth of image?
Jika dalam sebenar ikan ialah 3.0 m dan indek biasannya ialah 1.33, berapakah dalam ketara ikan itu?

A B C D

1.50 m 1.67 m 2.26 m 3.99 m

24. Which characteristic of image is formed by a magnifying glass?
Ciri-ciri imej yang manakah dihasilkan oleh kanta pembesar?

A B C D

Magnified, virtual, inverted
Lebih besar, maya ,songsang

Magnified, virtual, up right
Lebih besar, maya, tegak

Diminished, real, inverted
Lebih kecil, nyata, songsang

Diminished, real, up right
Lebih kecil, nyata , tegak

25. When a system oscillates at its natural frequency is slowing down because of

damping, its amplitude will
Apabila suatu system bergetar pada frekuensi aslinya menjadi perlahan disebabkan oleh pelembapan, amplitudnya akan A

B C

Decrease/ berkurang Increase/ bertambah Remains the same/ tidak berubah

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26. Which of this is a correct example of a longitudinal wave and of a transverse wave ? Pernyataan manakah contoh yang betul bagi gelombang membujur dan gelombang melintang ?
Longitudinal Wave Gelombang Membujur A B C D Transverse Wave Gelombang Melintang

27. Diagram 19 shows sound waves from a piano. Rajah 19 menunjukkan gelombang bunyi dari sebuah piano.

P

Q

R

Diagram 19
Rajah 19

Which of the following statements is true?
Pernyataan yang mana benar?

A P has a higher pitch than Q

B Q has a higher pitch than R

C R has the highest pitch
R paling langsing

D P, Q and R have the same pitch
P , Q dan R mempunyai kelangsingan yang sama

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28. Diagram 20 shows a cooking utensil. Which type of wave is used by the cooking utensil to cook food?
Rajah 20 menunjukkan sebuah peralatan memasak. Gelombang yang manakah digunakan oleh peralatan tersebut untuk memasak makanan?

Diagram 20
Rajah 20

A B C D

Infrared / inframerah ultraviolet / ultraungu gamma rays / sinaran gamma microwaves /gelombang mikro

29. Diagram 21 shows the interference pattern of water waves from two coherent sources S1 and S2 in a ripple tank.
Rajah 21 menunjukkan corak interferen gelombang air dari dua sumber koheren S1 dan S2 dalam sebuah tangki riak.

Which of this point has minimum amplitude?
Titik yang manakah mempunyai amplitud minimum?

A C D B

S1+

S2

Diagram 21
Rajah 21

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30. Diagram 22 shows a climber starting a stopwatch as he shouts. An echo is heard after 1.5 s. Velocity of sound is 340 m s-1.

Rajah 22 menunjukkan seorang pendaki memulakan jam randik sambil menjerit. Gema terdengar selepas 1.5 s. Halaju bunyi ialah 340 m s-1.

Diagram 22
Rajah 22

What is the width of the valley? Berapakah lebar gaung itu? A 170 m B 255 m C 340 m D 510 m 31.

Diagram 23
Rajah 23

Diagram 23 shows an electromagnetic spectrum. Which of the wave A, B, C or D has the longest wavelength?
Rajah 23 menunjukkan spektrum gelombang elektromagnet. Gelombang yang manakah antara berikut A, B, C atau D yang mempunyai panjang gelombang paling panjang?

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32.

Which of the diagrams show the electric field correctly?
Antara rajah berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan dengan betul medan elektrik itu?

A

C

B

D

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33. The diagram 24 shows a circuit with three similar resistors , R and two measuring instruments P and S.
Rajah 24 menunjukkan litar elektrik yang mengandungi tiga perintang yang serupa dan dua alat pengukur P dan S.

P

R

R

S

R

Diagram 24
Rajah 24

Which is the correct names for P and S?
Apakah P dan S?

P A B C D Ammeter Voltmeter Ammeter Voltmeter

S Ammeter Voltmeter Voltmeter Ammeter

34. When the switch is on, the current that flows in an electronic advertisement board is 3.0 x 10 5 A. What is the number of electrons flowing in the advertisement board when it is switched on for 2 hours ? Apabila suis dihidupkan, arus yang mengalir dalam litar sebuah papan iklan elektronik ialah 3.0 x 10 -5 A.Berapakah bilangan elekron yang mengalir dalam litar itu semasa suis dihidupkan selama 2 jam ? [ Charge of an electron / cas setiap elektron = 1.6 x 10 19 C ] A B C D 3.84 x 10 11 1.67 x 10 14 1.35 x 10 18 4.17 x 10 23

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35. Diagram 25 shows an electrical circuit. Bulbs P,Q,R and S are identical.

Diagram 25
Rajah 25

Which of the switches needs to switch on in order to light up Q, R and S?
Suis-suis yang manakah perlu dihidupkan supaya hanya mentol Q, R dan S sahaja menyala?
A

B C D 36.

1,2,3 1,2,4 1,3,5 1,4,5

Which circuit can be used to determine the electromotive force of a battery?
Litar manakah digunakan untuk menentukan daya gerak elektrik suatu bateri?

A

C

B

D

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37.

Diagram 26 shows the galvanometer pointer deflects when a magnet is pushed into a coil of wire.
Rajah 26 menunjukkan jarum penunjuk sebuah galvanometer terpesong apabila sebatang magnet ditolak memasuki satu gelung dawai.

Diagram 26
Rajah 26

Which actions will cause the deflection of galvanometer increases?
Langkah yang manakah akan menyebabkan pesongan galvanometer bertambah?

A increase the number of coils
menambah bilangan lilitan

B push the magnet slower towards the coil
menolak magnet perlahan kearah gegelung.

C use coil that is made from insulated wire
menggunakan gegelung yang dibuat daripada wayar bertebat.

D reverse the magnetic pole of the magnet
menyongsangkan kekutuban magnet.

38.

Diagram 27 show a lamp connected to a resistor and a battery.

Diagram 27 Rajah 27

Calculate the power used by the light bulb.
Hitungkan kuasa yang digunakan oleh lampu.

A B C D

6W 12 W 20 W 50 W

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39.

Diagram 28 shows an electromagnet in a magnetic relay.
Rajah 28 menunjukkan sebuah elektromagnet dalam sebuah suis geganti.

Diagram 28
Rajah 28

What change will decrease the strength of the electromagnet ?
Perubahan manakah yang akan mengurangkan kekuatan electromagnet ?

A B C D

Use a thicker wire to form the coils
Guna dawai yang lebih tebal untuk membentuk gegelung

Increase the number of coils
Menambahkan bilangan lilitan gegelung

decrease the magnitude of current
Kurangkan magnitud arus

use the soft iron core
Gunakan teras besi lembut

40.

Which electromagnetic wave has the highest frequency?
Gelombang elektromagnet manakah mempunyai frequensi tertinggi?

A B C D

Microwave
Gelombang mikro

Gamma ray
Sinar gama

Ultraviolet
Ultra ungu

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41.

Diagram 29 below shows the arrangement of silicon atoms after an atom X is doped to form an extrinsic semiconductor. Rajah 29 di bawah menunjukkan susunan atom-atom silicon selepas atom X didopkan untuk menghasilkan ektrinsik semikonduktor.

Diagram 29
Rajah 29

Which of the following is not true? Di antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah tidak benar? A. The conductivity of the semiconductor increases. Kekonduksian semikonduktor meningkat. B. The semiconductor becomes an n-type. Semikonduktor adalah jenis - n C. The majority charge carrier is electron. Majoriti cas pembawa adalah electron. D. Atom X is a trivalent atom. Atom X adalah atom trivalen.

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42. Diagram 30 shows a circuit where the bulb does not light up. Rajah 30 menunjukkan litar di mana mentol tidak menyala.

Diagram 30
Rajah 30

Which step will make the bulb light up?
Langkah manakah akan menyalakan mentol?

A Inserting a fuse in the circuit
Memasang fius

B Reversing the battery connection
Menyongsangkan sambungan bateri

C Changing the power supply to a 3 V battery

D Reversing the bulb connection
Menyongsangkan sambungan mentol

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43. In which circuit will the bulb light up when switch S is closed? Dalam manakah mentol akan menyala apabila suis S ditutup?

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44.

Diagram 31 shows a logic gate circuit.
Rajah 31 menunjukkan litar get logik.

Diagram 31
Rajah 31

Which truth table is correct? Jadual kebenaran yang manakah betul?

45.

When electricity is transmitted over long distances, energy is wasted. How can the wasted energy be kept as small as possible?
Apabila elektrik dihantar melalui suatu jarak yang jauh, tenaga dibazirkan. Bagaimana cara supaya tenaga yang terbazir menjadi sangat kecil?

A. B. C. D.

Keep the current in the transmission lines as large as possible
Menjadikan arus di kabel penghantaran sebesar yang boleh

Keep the power supplied to the transmission as large as possible

Keep the resistance of the transmission as large as possible
Menjadikan rintangan kabel penghantaran sebesar yang boleh

Keep the voltage supplied to the transmission as large as possible

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46.

Diagram 32 shows the symbol of an npn transistor.
Rajah 32 menunjukkan simbol transistor npn

Diagram 32
Rajah 32

What is the value of Ie?
Berapakah nilai Ie?

A 24 mA B 115 mA C 125 mA D 600 mA 47. Diagram 33 shows three nuclei X, Y and Z that have proton numbers and nucleon numbers.
Rajah 33 menunjukkan tiga nukleus X, Y dan Z mempunyai nombor proton and nukleon seperti jadual di bawah.

Proton number
Nombor Proton
X Y Z

Nucleon number
Nombor nukleon

43 43 44 Diagram 33
Rajah 33

93 94 94

Which nuclei are isotopes of the same element?
Manakah nuklei adalah isotop dari unsur yang sama?

A X and Y only X dan Y sahaja B X and Z only X dan Z sahaja C Y and Z only Y dan Z sahaja D X, Y and Z X, Y dan Z

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48.

In a nuclear reaction, the amount of energy equivalent to 10 12 kg of mass is released. The energy released is
Dalam satu tindakbalas nuclear, sejumlah tenaga yang bersamaan dengan jisim sebesar 10-12 kg dibebaskan. Kuantiti tenaga itu ialah

A. B. C. D. 49.

4.5 x 10 7 J 3.0 x 10 4 J 4.5 x 10 4 J 9.0 x 10 4 J

The thick tracks of alpha particles in a cloud chamber show that alpha particles have
Runut tebal yang dihasilkan oleh zarah alfa dalam kebuk awan menunjukkan bahawa zarah alfa mempunyai

A high penetrating power
kuasa penembusan yang tinggi

B high ionising power.
kuasa pengionan yang tinggi

C large mass
jisim yang besar

D high speed
kelajuan yang tinggi

50.

What happens during nuclear fission? Apakah terjadi semasa pembelahan nukleus? A Heavy nucleus is split into 2 lighter nuclei
Satu nucleus berat dipecahkan kepada 2 nukleus yang lebih ringan

B High energy neutron is produced in the process
Satu neutron yang bertenaga tinggi dihasilkan semasa pembelahan nukleus

C The process does not lead to any mass defect D It occur at a temperature of about 1000 C Pembelahan nukleus berlaku pada suhu 1000 C
Pembelahan nukleus tidak menghasilkan satu cacat jisim

END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOLAN TAMAT

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1 Nama: ......................................................... NO. KAD PENGENALAN ANGKA GILIRAN

PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA SEKOLAH MENENGAH MALAYSIA (CAWANGAN MELAKA)
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2010 4531/2 PHYSICS

Kertas 2 Ogos/Sept. 2 1/2 Jam

Dua jam tiga puluh minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1.Tulis nombor kad pengenalan dan angka
giliran anda pada ruangan yang disediakan. 2. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. 3. Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa Melayu. 4. Calon dibenarkan menjawab keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan sama ada dalam bahasa Inggeris atau bahasa Melayu. 5.Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halamanbelakang kertas soalan ini.

Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa Bahagian Soalan Markah Markah Penuh Diperolehi 1 4 2 5 3 7 4 7 A 5 7 6 8 7 10 8 12 1 20 B 2 20 C 3 4 Jumlah 20 20

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 27 halaman bercetak

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MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON
1. Kertas soalan mengandungi tiga bahagian : Bahagian A , Bahagian B dan

Bahagian C.

hendaklah ditulis dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan.
3. Jawab satu soalan daripada Bahagian B dan satu soalan daripada Bahagian

C. Jawapan kepada Bahagian B dan Bahagian C hendaklah ditulis dalam kertas jawapan anda sendiri. Anda diminta menjawab dengan lebih terperinci untuk Bahagian B dan Bahagian C. Jawapan mestilah jelas dan logik. Persamaan, gambar rajah, graf dan cara lain yang sesuai untuk menjelaskan jawapan anda boleh digunakan.
4. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali

dinyatakan.
5. Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan

dalam kurungan di hujung setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan.
6. Sekiranya anda hendak membatalkan sesuatu jawapan, buat garisan di atas

jawapan itu.
7. Satu senarai rumus disediakan di halaman 3. 8. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh

diprogram.Walau bagaimanapun langkah mengira perlu ditunjukkan.
9. Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 90 minit,

Bahagian B ialah 30 minit dan Bahagian C ialah 30 minit.
10. Lekatkan semua kertas jawapan dan serahkan di akhir peperiksaan.

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The following Information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning. Maklumat berikut mungkin berfaedah (simbol-simbol mempunyai makna yang biasa) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. a=
vu t

16.

n

sin i sin r

v2 = u2 + 2as s = ut +
1 2 at 2

17.

Real depth n = apparent depth =
dalam nyata dalam ketara

Momentum = mv F = ma Kinetic energy / Tenaga kinetik 1 = mv2 2 Gravitational potential energy / Tenaga keupayaan graviti = mgh Elastic potential energy / Tenaga keupayaan kenyal =
energy time Tenaga Kuasa, P = masa 1 Fx 2

18.

1 1 1   f u v Linear magnification Pembesaran linear, m
v u

19

7. 8.

20. v = fλ
ax 21. λ = D

22. Q = It 23. eV = ½ mv2 24. E = QV 25. V = IR 26. Power / Kuasa, P = IV 27. g = 10 ms-2 28.
Ns Vs  Np Vp

9.

Power, P =

10 . 11. 12. 13. 14.

m ρ= V F Pressure / Tekanan, p = A

Pressure / Tekanan, P = ρgh Heat / Haba, Q = mcθ Heat / Haba, Q = ml

29. Efficiency / kecekapan Is Vs X 100 % Ip Vp 30. E = mc2

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PV = constant / pemalar T 1. Diagram 1 shows the instrument which is used to measure the outer diameter of a cylinder, S.

15

Diagram 2 shows pingpong ball attached on a filter funnel when water flows from the rubber hose of a water pipe

cylinder , S

Vernier scale Outer arm

primary scale

DIAGRAM 1

(a)

Name the instrument used in Diagram 1.
Namakan alat pengukur pada Rajah 1.

(b)

………………………………………………………………………......... [1 mark] What is the function of X.
Apakah fungsi bahagian yang bertanda X.

(c)

…………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (i) What is the sensitivity of this instrument?
Apakah kepekaan alat di atas ?

…………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (ii) What is the diameter of the object above?
Berapakah diameter objek di atas?

…………………………………………………………………………….. [1 mark]

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2

Diagram 2 shows ice melting in a glass. The initial mass of the ice is 0.20 kg.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan ais melebur di dalam sebuah gelas. Jisim awal ais itu ialah 0.20 kg.

(a)

Explain in terms of energy why the reading of the thermometer,
Terangkan dalam sebutan tenaga mengapa bacaan termometer itu,

(i)

remains constant for the first 20 minutes.
kekal malar untuk 20 minit yang pertama.

…...................................................................................................................... [1 mark] (ii) increases after 20 minutes.
meningkat selepas 20 minit.

…...................................................................................................................... [1 mark] (b) Calculate the heat absorbed by the ice during the first 20 minutes. [Specific latent heat of fusion of ice = 3.36 x 105 J kg–1]
Hitungkan haba yang diserap oleh ais itu semasa 20 minit yang pertama. [Haba pendam tentu pelakuran ais = 3.36 x 105 J kg–1]

[2 marks]

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(c)

Which statement correctly describes the water in the glass after it is left for a few hours. Mark ( ) in the correct box.
Pernyataan manakah yang memerihalkan dengan betul tentang air dalam gelas itu selepas dibiarkan selama beberapa jam. Tanda ( ) pada kotak yang betul.

There is no transfer of energy between the water and the surroundings
Tiada pemindahan tenaga antara air dan persekitaran

There is no net transfer of energy between the water and the surroundings
Tiada pemindahan bersih tenaga antara air dan persekitaran

[1 mark] 3. Diagram 3.1 shows a simple electromagnet.
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan satu elektromagnet ringkas.

(a)

What is the meaning of electromagnet?
Apakah maksud elektromagnet?

(b)

…………………………………………………………………………………….. [1 mark] When the switch is turned on ; Bila suis dihidupkan ; ( i) draw the pattern of magnetic field on Diagram 3.1

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lukis corak medan magnet pada Rajah 3.1

[1 mark] (ii) state the magnetic pole at P nyatakan kutub magnet pada P. ……………………………………………………………....................... [1 mark] state what happens to the pin. nyatakan apa yang berlaku kepada pin itu. …............................................................................................................. [1 mark] (c ) State one suggestion to increase the strength of electromagnet Nyatakan satu cara untuk meningkatkan kekuatan electromagnet. .......................................................................................................... [1 mark] State one application of electromagnet. Nyatakan satu kegunaan elektromagnet. ……………………………………………………………………………………... [1 mark]
4. Diagram 4.1 shows the use of a transistor in a circuit. Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan kegunaan transistor dalam suatu litar.

(iii)

(d)

(a)

Name the type of transistor used. Namakan jenis transistor yang digunakan. …...………..……………………………………………..…………………………….. [1 mark] The transistor is switched on when the base voltage V2 ≥2 V. Transistor itu dihidupkan apabila voltan tapak V2 ≥2 V (i) Write an equation to show the relationship between IB, IC and IE. Tuliskan satu persamaan untuk menunjukkan hubungan antara IB, IC dan IE.

(b) .

...........……………………………………………..……………………………..

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[1 mark] (ii) Calculate the minimum value of R2 when the transistor is switched on. Hitungkan nilai minimum R2 apabila transistor itu dihidupkan.

(c)

[2 marks] The resistor R2 is then replaced with a light dependent resistor which has a high resistance when it is dark. Perintang R2 kemudian digantikan dengan perintang peka cahaya yang mempunyai rintangan tinggi apabila keadaan sekitar gelap. (i) Explain whether the bulb will light up during the day. Jelaskan sama ada mentol itu menyala pada waktu siang.

.....................…………………………………………………………………….. .....................…………………………………………………………………….. [2 marks] (ii) Besides being used as a switch, state one other use of a transistor. Nyatakan satu kegunaan transistor selain daripada digunakan sebagai satu suis.

.....................…………………………………………………………………….. [1 mark]

5

Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2 show two dams with different shapes.
Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2, menunjukkan dua jenis empangan yang berbeza bentuk.

DIAGRAM 5.1 (a) Based on Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2
Berdasarkan Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2

DIAGRAM 5.2

(i) Compare the dams in Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2.
Bandingkan empangan pada Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2.

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........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ [1 mark] (ii) Compare the pressure at point A and point B in the lake.
Bandingkan tekanan pada titik A dan titik B di dalam tasik.

........................................................................................................................ [1 mark] (b) (i) Based on the answer in (a)(ii), which dam is stronger?
Berdasarkan jawapan di (a)(ii), empangan yang manakah lebih kuat?

........................................................................................................................ [1 mark] (ii) Explain the reasons for your answer in (b)(i). Jelaskan jawapan anda di (b)(i). ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ [ 2 marks ] (c) Diagram 5.3 shows an apparatus used to remove water from a beaker to a cylinder.
Rajah 5.3 menunjukkan suatu alat untuk mengalirkan air dari bikar ke silinder.

DIAGRAM 5.3 (i) Name the apparatus shown in diagram 5.3.
Namakan alat yang ditunjukkan pada Rajah 5.3.

……..……………………………………………………………………......... ...

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10 [1 mark] (ii) Give a reason why water flows from the beaker to the cylinder as shown in Diagram 5.3.
Berikan satu sebab mengapa air mengalir dari bikar ke silinder seperti yang ditunjukkan pada Rajah 5.3.

........................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................... [1 mark] (iii) In Diagram 5.4, mark the water level in the cylinder when water stops flowing from the beaker to the cylinder.
Pada Rajah 5.4 tandakan paras air dalam silinder apabila air berhenti mengalir dari bikar ke silinder.

[1 mark]

DIAGRAM 5.4

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6

20 m

High building Bangunan tinggi

DIAGRAM 6.1 RAJAH 6.1

(a)

The siren is located 20 m from a large building, as shown in Diagram 6.1. The siren with the frequency 1000 Hz, is briefly sounded once. A short time later, the sound is heard again. Sebuah siren di letakkan pada jarak 20 m dari bangunan yang besar seperti pada Rajah 6.1.Siren dengan frekuansi 1000 Hz, berbunyi sekali dengan kuat. Selepas beberapa ketika, bunyi kedengaran sekali lagi. (i) Why is this second sound heard? Mengapa kedengaran bunyi kali kedua?

…............................................................................................................................ [1 mark] (ii) What is the frequency of this second sound? Tick one box. Apakah frekuansi bunyi kali kedua? Tandakan pada petak. less than 1000 Hz kurang daripada 1000 Hz 1000 Hz more than 1000 Hz lebih daripada 1000 Hz [1 mark] (iii) What is the amplitude of this second sound? Tick one box.

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Apakah amplitud bunyi kali kedua? Tandakan pada petak.

less than the original sound kurang dari bunyi asal the same as the original sound sama dengan bunyi asal more than the original sound lebih dari bunyi asal [1 mark] (iv) Why the second sound is soft than the original sound? Mengapakah bunyi kali kedua kedengaran lebih perlahan dari bunyi asal?

…............................................................................................................................ [1 mark] (b) Diagram 6.2 shows the correct method used by a student to measure the speed of sound . Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan kaedah yang lebih tepat digunakan untuk mengukur laju bunyi.

Audio generator Loud speaker Pembesar suara Penjana audio

d

CRO OSK

DIAGRAM 6.2 RAJAH 6.2

The sound is received by two microphones placed at different distance in front of the loud speaker. The separation between the two microphones is, d. The time interval, t, between the sounds received by the two microphones is recorded. The results of the experiment is shown in Diagram 6.3. Bunyi diterima oleh kedua-dua mikrofon yang disusun di depan pembesar suara pada jarak yang berbeza. Jarak pemisahan di antara dua mikrofon ialah d. Sela masa, t, di antara bunyi yang diterima oleh dua mikrofon dicatatkan. Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan pada Rajah 6.3.

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d against 13 t d melawan t

Distance/m Jarak/m

4

3

2

1 (ii) Using the graph in (a) (i), calculate the speed of sound. 0 0.002 0.004 0.006 0.008 0.010

time/s 0.012 masa/s

DIAGRAM 6.3 RAJAH 7.3

Diagram 6.4 shows the trace observed at the screen of CRO. Rajah 6.4 menunjukkan surihan isyarat yang terbentuk pada skrin OSK.

Trace from Microphone 1 Surihan mikrofon 1 Trace from microphone 2 Surihan mikrofon 2

DIAGRAM 6.4 RAJAH 6..4

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14 The time-base setting on the CRO is 1.0 ms/cm. Dasar-masa ditetapkan pada OSK ialah 1.0 ms/cm. (i) Determine the time interval, t, from the trace in Diagram 7.4. Tentukan sela masa, t, daripada surihan di Rajah 7.4.

[2 marks] (ii) Using the answer in (a)(i), determine the distance, d, from the graph. Menggunakan jawapan (a)(i), tentukan jarak, d daripada graf.

7.

[2 marks] Diagram 7.1and Diagram 7.2 show a weightlifter is making trial to determine the suitable method to lift a load of mass 60 kg for longer time. Rajah 7.1 dan Rajah 7.2 menunjukkan seorang ahli angkat berat sedang membuat percubaan bagi menentukan kaedah yang paling sesuai untuk menjulang beban berjisim 60 kg untuk masa yang lebih lama.

DIAGRAM 7.1 RAJAH 7.1

DIAGRAM 7.2 RAJAH 7.2.

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15 (a) What is meant by equilibrium state? Apakah maksud keadaan keseimbangan? ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (b). What is the weight of the load? Berapakah berat beban itu? [2 marks] (c) In the space below, draw the scale drawing of the triangle of forces to determine the value of T1. [Use the scale 1 cm : 10N] Pada ruang di bawah, lukis lukisan berskala segitiga keseimbangan daya untuk menentukan nilai T1. [Gunakan skala 1cm : 10N] [3 marks]

(d) Calculate the tension T2 in Diagram 7.2 Hitung ketegangan T2 dalam Rajah 7.2

[2 marks] (e) Based on the answer in (c ) and (d), state the suitable way to lift the load for a long time. Give one reason for your answer. Berdasarkan jawapan anda pada (c ) dan (d), nyatakan cara yang sesuai untuk menjulang beban itu untuk masa yang lama. Berikan satu sebab bagi jawapan anda. .................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................... [2 marks]

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8

Diagram 8.1 shows an electric iron with specification of 240 V, 1000 W.
Rajah 8.1 menunjukkan sebuah seterika elektrik dengan spesifikasi 240 V, 1000 W.

Heating element Elemen pemanas
DIAGRAM 8.1 RAJAH 8.1

DIAGRAM 8.1 RAJAH 8.1

(a) What is meant by specification 240 V, 1000 W? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan spesifikasi 240 V, 1000 W? ………………………………………………………………………………………... [1 mark] (b) The electric iron is connected to a 240 V supply and used to iron clothes for 30 minutes. Seterika elektrik itu disambungkan kepada bekalan 240 V dan digunakan untuk menggosok pakaian selama 30 minit. Calculate: Hitungkan: (i) the current that passes through the heating element in the iron. arus yang mengalir melalui elemen pemanas di dalam seterika itu.

[2 marks] (ii) the cost of using the electric iron in 30 days, if the cost of electricity by Tenaga Nasional is 23 cents per kW h for first 200 units. kos menggunakan seterika elektrik itu selama 30 hari, jika kos tenaga oleh Tenaga Nasional ialah 23 sen per kW j untuk setiap 200 unit yang pertama.

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[2 marks] (c) A student conducts an experiment to compare the heating effect of bread toasters P, Q and R. Two slices of bread is toasted each time. Table 8.1 shows the result of the experiment. Seorang pelajar menjalankan eksperimen untuk membandingkan kesan pemanasan pembakar roti, P, Q dan R. Dua keping roti dibakar dalam satu masa. Jadual 8.1 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen tersebut. Bread Toaster Pembakar roti
P Q R

Potential Difference, V/V Beza Keupayaan V/V 240 240 240

Current, I/A Arus, I/A 6.0 5.0 4.0

Time to toast 2 slices of bread, t/s Masa untuk membakar 2 keping roti, t/s 90 150 120

(i)

Calculate the energy supplied by each of bread toaster to toast the bread. Hitungkan tenaga yang dibekalkan oleh setiap pembakar roti untuk membakar roti.

[4 marks]

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18 (ii) Using your answer in (c)(i), state which bread toaster is most suitable. Give two reasons for your answer. Menggunakan jawapan di (c )(i,) nyatakan pembakar roti yang paling sesuai. Beri dua sebab bagi jawapan anda.

………………………………………………………………………………....... ………………………………………………………………………………....... [3 marks] Section B Bahagian B [20 Marks] [20 Markah] Answer any one question Jawab mana-mana satu soalan 9. Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2 show the parallel rays of light directed towards the convex lenses J and K. Both the lenses produce real images. F is the focal point for each lens. Rajah 9.1 dan Rajah 9.2 menunjukkan sinar cahaya selari di tuju ke kanta-kanta cembung J dan K. Kedua-dua kanta menghasilkan imej nyata. F ialah titik fokus untuk setiap kanta.

DIAGRAM 9.1 RAJAH 9.1

DIAGRAM 9.2

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RAJAH 9.2

(a) (i) What is meant by focal length? Apakah maksud panjang fokus?

[1 mark]

(ii) With reference to Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2, compare the thickness of the lenses and the effects it has on the refracted rays to make a deduction regarding the relationship between the thickness of the lenses and their focal length.
Merujuk kepada Rajah 9.1 dan Rajah 9.2, bandingkan ketebalan kanta dan kesan keatas pembiasan cahaya untuk membuat satu kesimpulan tentang hubungan antara ketebalan dengan panjang fokus. [5 marks]

(b)

Diagram 9.3 shows the ray diagram of a simple microscope. Rajah 9.3 menunjukkan gambar sinar bagi satu mikroskop ringkas.

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Fe : Focal point of eyepiece. Titik fokus kanta mata. Fo : Focal point of objective lens. Titik fokus kanta objektif.

DIAGRAM 9.3 RAJAH 9.3 (i) (ii) (c) State the function of the eyepiece. Nyatakan fungsi kanta mata. State the characteristics of the image formed by a microscope. Nyatakan ciri-ciri imej yang dihasilkan oleh satu mikroskop. [1 mark]

[3 marks] You are given two convex lenses S and Q of different focal length. Lens S has a longer focal length than lens Q.
Anda dibekalkan dua kanta cembung S dan Q yang berlainan panjang fokus. Kanta S mempunyai panjang fous yang lebih panjang daripada kanta Q.

(i)

Using the two lenses above explain how are you would make a simple astronomical telescope. Dengan menggunakan dua kanta tersebut, terangkan bagaimana anda akan membina sebuah teleskop astronomi ringkas. [4 marks]

Suggest modification that need to be done on the telescope to produce clearer and bigger images. Cadangkan pengubahsuaian yang perlu dilakukan terhadap teleskop itu untuk menghasilkan imej yang lebih jelas dan lebih besar. [6 marks] 10. (a) Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2 shows two identical electromagnet, X and Y .
Rajah 10.1 dan Rajah 10.2 menunjukkan dua elektromagnet yang serupa, X dan Y.

(ii)

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Diagram 10.1
Rajah 10.1

Diagram 10.2
Rajah 10.2

(i) What is meant by electromagnet?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan elektromagnet?

[ 1 mark ] (ii) Using Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2 compare the current flow, the amount of iron filing and the magnetic field strength of the two electrodes. Relate the current flow and amount of iron filing attracted by the electromagnet and the magnetic field strength.
Menggunakan Rajah 10.1 dan Rajah 10.2 bandingkan pengaliran arus, kuantiti serbuk besi dan kekuatan medan magnet kedua-dua elektrod. Hubungkait pengaliran arus dengan kuantiti serbuk besi yang tertarik kepada elektromagnet dan kekuatan medan magnet.

[ 5 marks ]

(b) Diagram 10.3 shows a circuit breaker.
Rajah 10.3 menunjukkan sebuah pemutus litar.

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Diagram 10.3
Rajah 10.3

Explain how the circuit breaker works.
Terangkan bagaimana pemutus litar berfungsi.

[ 4 marks] (c) Diagram 10.4 shows an a.c generator Rajah 10.4 menunjukkan sebuah penjana a.u

Diagram10.4
Rajah 10.4

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11

Diagram 11.1 shows the air balloon which is used as a weather balloon to carry a radiosonde instrument for collecting data about the atmosphere. The weather balloon rises up in the air due to Archimedes principal
Rajah 11.1 menunjukkan belon udara yang digunakan sebagai belon kajicuaca untuk membawa peralatan radiosonde bagi mengumpul data mengenai atmosfera.Belon cuaca naik ke udara disebabkan oleh prinsip Archimedes.

(a)

(i)
(ii)

State Archimedes’ principle.
Nyatakan prinsip Archimedes. [1 mark]

Explain why a weather balloon that is rising up in the air will stop at certain altitude.
Jelaskan mengapa sebuah belon yang sedang naik ke udara akan berhenti pada altitud tertentu. [4 marks]

(b)

Table 11.2 shows the characteristics of four weather balloons, P, Q, R and S .
Jadual 11.2 menunjukkan ciri-ciri empat belon cuaca, P, Q, R dan S .

Balloons Belon Size of balloon Saiz belon

Characteristics of balloons Ciri-ciri belon Type of balloon Density of fabric filled gas in the Jenis fabric ballon belon Ketumpatan gas yang diisi dalam belon

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24 / kgcm-3 0.090 0.178 0.178 1.429

P Q R S

Big
besar

Canvas
Kanvas

4.5 3.0 0.5 0.4

Small
kecil

Synthetic nylon
Nilon sintetik

Big
besar

Synthetic nylon
Nilon sintetik

Medium
sederhana

Canvas
Kanvas

You are required to determine the most suitable weather balloons which is able to carry the instrument to a higher altitude in a shorter time. Study the characteristics of all the four weather balloons from the following aspects:
Anda dikehendaki menentukan belon cuaca yang paling sesuai untuk membawa peralatan ke altitud yang lebih tinggi dalam masa yang lebih pendek. Kaji ciri-ciri bagi kesemua empat belon kajicuaca itu dari aspek berikut:

- The size of the balloon
- Saiz belon

- The density of filled gas in the ballon - ketumpatan gas yang di isi ke dalam belon - Type of the fabric of the balloon - Jenis fabrik bagi belon - Mass of radiosonde instrument - jisim peralatan radiosonde Explain the suitability of the aspects. Justify your choice. Jelaskan kesesuaian aspek-aspek itu. Beri sebab bagi pilihan anda.

[10 marks]

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25 (c) Diagram 11.3 shows a balloon which contains helium. The volume of the balloon is 1.2 m3. Density of helium gas is 0.18 kg m-3. Rajah 11.3 menunjukkan sebuah belon yang mengandungi gas helium.Isipadunya ialah 1.2 m3 . Ketumpatan gas helium ialah 0.18 kg m-3

(i) By neglecting the mass of the balloon, calculate the mass of helium gas in the balloon. Dengan mengabaikan jisim belon, kirakan jisim gas helium di dalam belon. [2 marks] (ii) Calculate the bouyant force which acts on the balloon. (Density of air is 1.3 kg m ) Kirakan daya tujah ke atas yang bertindak pada belon . (Ketumpatan udara ialah 1.3 kg m-3 )
-3

[3 marks]

(i) Explain how the generator works to produce alternating current.
Terangkan bagaimana penjana berfungsi untuk menghasilkan arus ulang alik.

[ 4 marks ] (ii) Explain the modification that needs to be done on the generator and the external circuit to enable the generator to be a d.c generator and produce more current. Terangkan pengubahsuain yang perlu dibuat kepada penjana dan litar luar untuk membolehkan penjana menjadi penjana a.t dan menghasilkan arus yang lebih tinggi. [6 marks]

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12.

Diagram 12.1 shows a system used in a factory to ensure the volume of guava juice in a bottle is uniform.
Rajah 12.1 menunjukkan satu sistem yang digunakan di sebuah kilang untuk memastikan isipadu jus buah jambu yang diisi ke dalam botol adalah seragam.

(a) (b)

What is meant by a radioisotope?

[1 mark] Table 12.2 shows the characteristics of five radioisotopes P, Q, R, S and T.

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27 As a factory engineer, you are required to determine the most suitable radioisotope that can be used by the system to ensure the volume of guava juice is uniform. Study the characteristics of all 5 radioisotopes and explain the suitability of the aspects. Determine the most suitable radioisotope and give the reason for your choice.
Sebagai jurutera kilang, anda dikehendaki menentukan radioisotop yang paling sesuai yang boleh digunakan oleh sistem untuk memastikan isipadu jus buah jambu adalah seragam. Kaji ciri-ciri kelima-lima radioisotop dan terangkan kesesuaian bagi setiap aspek. Tentukan radioisotop yang paling sesuai dan beri sebab bagi pilihan anda. [10 marks]

(c)

Table 12.3 shows the reading of the rate meter for 6 bottles through detector and radioactive source .

(i) (ii)

State one detector that is suitable to be used for this purpose.
Nyatakan satu alat pengesan yang sesuai digunakan untuk tujuan ini. [ 1 mark]

Based on table 12.3, which bottle shows the least volume of juice and state the reason for your answer.
Berdasarkan jadual 12.3, botol yang manakah menunjukkan isipadu yang tidak cukup dan nyatakan sebab bagi jawapan anda. [3 marks]

(d)

In a radioactive decay series, Uranium-238 decays to become Radium-226 by emitting alfa and beta.

Determine the values of X and Y?
Tentukan nilai X dan Y?

[5 marks]

END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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NAMA:____________________________________ 4531/3 Fizik Kertas 3 2010 1 ½ jam

TINGKATAN:_____________

PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA SEKOLAH MENENGAH MALAYSIA (CAWANGAN MELAKA) PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA TAHUN 2010
FIZIK Kertas 3 Satu jam tiga puluh minit JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU Nama Pemeriksa Bahagian Soalan

1. Tuliskan nama dan tingkatan anda pada ruang yang disediakan. 2. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman 2 .

Markah Penuh 16

Markah diperolehi

1 A 2

12

3 B 4

12

12

Jumlah

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 17 halaman bercetak .

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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON

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Section A [28 marks] Answer all questions. 1 A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the resistance, R, of a wire and the length, L, of the wire. Diagram 1.1 shows the circuit used in the experiment. Seorang pelajar menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan rintangan, R, bagi seutas dawai dengan panjang, L, bagi dawai itu. Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan litar yang digunakan dalam eksperimen itu. A V

Sliding contact / Sesentuh gelongsor L Wire / Dawai
DIAGRAM 1.1 / RAJAH 1.1

The position of the sliding contact is adjusted until the length of the wire in the circuit is, L = 20.0 cm. The rheostat is adjusted to obtain a suitable current. The current, I and the potential difference, V across the wire are measured by an ammeter and voltmeter respectively. Diagram 1.2 shows the readings of the ammeter and voltmeter. The procedure is repeated for lengths of the wire, L = 30.0 cm, 40.0 cm, 50.0 cm and 60.0 cm. The corresponding readings of the ammeter and voltmeter are shown in Diagrams 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6. Kedudukan bagi sesentuh gelongsor dilaraskan sehingga panjang dawai dalam litar ialah L = 20.0 cm. Reostat dilaraskan untuk memperoleh satu nilai arus yang sesuai. Arus, I dan beza keupayaan, V merentasi dawai itu masing-masing diukur oleh ammeter dan voltmeter. Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan bacaan ammeter dan voltmeter. Prosedur itu diulang bagi panjang dawai, L = 30.0 cm, 40.0 cm, 50.0 cm dan 60.0 cm. Bacaan-bacaan sepadan bagi ammeter dan voltmeter ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 dan 1.6.

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V A

L = 20.0 cm
DIAGRAM 1.2 / RAJAH 1.2

V A

L = 30.0 cm
DIAGRAM 1.3 / RAJAH 1.3

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V A

L = 40.0 cm
DIAGRAM 1.4 / RAJAH 1.4

V A

L = 50.0 cm
DIAGRAM 1.5 / RAJAH 1.5

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V A

L = 60.0 cm
DIAGRAM 1.6 / RAJAH 1.6

(a)

For the experiment described on page 3, identify: Bagi eksperimen yang diterangkan di halaman 3, kenal pasti: (i) the manipulated variable, pembolehubah dimanipulasikan, ………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] the responding variable, pembolehubah bergerak balas,

(ii)

………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] (iii) a fixed variable. satu pembolehubah dimalarkan. ………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark]

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(b)

What is the use of the strip of mirror next to the scale of the voltmeter? Apakah kegunaan jalur cermin di sebelah skala voltmeter itu? …….………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark]

(c)

Based on Diagrams 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6 on pages 4 and 5, determine the current, I and potential difference, V for the corresponding lengths of wire, L. For each value of L, calculate the resistance, R of the wire. The resistance, R, is calculated using the formula, R 

V I

Tabulate your results for L, I, V and R in the space below. Berdasarkan Rajah 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 dan 1.6 di halaman 4 dan 5, tentukan arus, I, beza keupayaan, V, yang sepadan dengan panjang dawai, L. Rintangan, R, dihitung dengan menggunakan rumus, R 

V I

Jadualkan keputusan anda bagi L, I, V dan R pada ruang di bawah.

[5 marks] (d) On the graph paper on Page 7, plot a graph of R against L. Pada kertas graf di halaman 7, lukiskan graf R melawan L. [5 marks]

(e)

Based on your graph, state the relationship between R and L. Berdasarkan graf anda, nyatakan hubungan antara R dan L. …….……………………………………………………………………………….

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[1 mark] (f) State one precaution that should be taken to obtain accurate readings of V. Nyatakan satu langkah berjaga-jaga yang perlu diambil untuk mendapatkan bacaan V yang lebih jitu. …….………………………………………………………………………………. …….………………………………………………………………………………. [1 mark]

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Graph of R against L Graf R melawan L

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2. A student carried out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the velocity of sound wave, v and air temperature ,T. Seorang pelajar menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan diantara Halaju bunyi , dengan suhu udara T. The results of the experiment are shown in the graph of v 2 against T in Figure 2.1. Keputusan eksperimen itu ditunjukkan oleh graf v 2 lawan T, pada Rajah 2.1 (a ) Based on the graph in Diagram 2.1. Berdasarkan graf pada Rajah 2.1

(i) State the relationship between v and T ? Nyatakan hubungan antara v dengan T?

…………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] (ii) determine the value of v when T = 0  C Show on the graph , how you determine the value of v Tentukan nilai v apabila T =0 C Tunjukkan pada graf itu bagaimana anda menentukan nilai v

v = ……………………………………………………………

[2 marks]

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DIAGRAM 2.1

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b) The specific heat capacity of air c , is given by the formula c =

1 k

where k is the gradient of the graph.
Muatan haba tentu bagi udara,c diberi oleh rumus c =
dimana k ialah kecerunan graf. i)

1 k

Calculate the gradient of the graph , k, of v 2 against T. Show on the graph how you determine the gradient. Hitungkan kecerunan bagi graf, k , v 2 melawan M. Tunjukkan pada graf bagaimana anda menentukan kecerunan itu.

k = ……………………………………. [3 marks]

(ii) Determine the value, c, of the air Tentukan nila c bagi udara.

c =…………………………..

[2 marks ]

(c) Determine the sound wave velocity in the air , v, if the temperature of air = 300C Show on the graph , how you determine the value of v. Tentukan halaju gelombang bunyi di udara , v, jika suhu udara = 300C Tunjukkan di atas graf bagaimana anda menentukan nilai v.

[ 3 marks]

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(c) Determine the sound wave velocity in the air , v, if the temperature of air = 300C Show on the graph , how you determine the value of v. Tentukan halaju gelombang bunyi di udara , v, jika suhu udara = 300C Tunjukkan di atas graf bagaimana anda menentukan nilai v.

[ 3 marks] (d) State one precaution that can be taken to improve the accuracy of the readings in this experiment. Nyatakan satu langkah berjaga- jaga yang boleh diambil untuk memperbaiki ketepatan bacaan dalam ekperimen ini.

………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]

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Section B Bahagian B [12 marks] [12 markah] Answer any one question from this section. Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.

3.

A boy pushes the boxes along a level walkway as shown in Diagram 3.1. The boy experiences that the boxes on trolley move slowly. When the boy removes two of the boxes as shown in Diagram 4.2, he experiences that the trolley move faster than before although the same force was applied, 8 N. Seorang budak lelaki menolak beberapa buah kotak atas troli di sepanjang satu laluan seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 3.1. Budak lelaki itu mendapati kotak-kotak bergerak sangat perlahan. Apabila budak lelaki itu mengeluarkan dua daripada kotakkotak itu seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 3.2, dia mendapati troli itu boleh digerakkan lebih laju, walaupun daya yang sama dikenaka, 8 N

Diagram 3.1(Rajah 3.1)

Diagram 3.2 (Rajah 3.2)

Based on the information and obsevation above : Berdasarkan maklumat dan pemerhatian di atas: (a) State one suitable inference. Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai. [ 1 mark ] (b) State one suitable hypotesis. Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai. [ 1 mark ]

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(c)

With the use of apparatus such as a trolley, ticker timer, ticker tape, elastic cord and other apparatus, describe an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4(b). In your description, state slearly the following : Dengan menggunakan radas seperti troli, jangkamasa detik, pita detik, tali kenyal dan lain-lain radas, terangkan satu rangka kerja ekperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang anda nyatakan dalam 3(b) Dalam penerangan anda jelaskan perkara berikut : (i) The aim of the experiment Tujuan eksperimen (ii) The variables in the experiment Pembolehubah yang terlibat dalam eksperimen itu (iii) The list of apparatus and materials Senarai radas dan bahan (iv) The arrangement of the apparatus Susunan radas (v) The procedure of the experiment. Describe how to control the manipulated variables and how to measure the responding variables. Prosedur yang digunakan dalam eksperimen. Terangkan bagaimana mengawal pembolehubah dimanipulasi, dan bagaimana mengukur pemboleh ubah bergerak balas. (vi) The way to tabulate the data Cara untuk menjadualkan data (viii)The way to analyse the data Cara untuk menganalisis data [10 marks] [ 10 markah]

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4. Diagram 4.1 and diagram 4.2 shows the interferance patterns formed by two continuous coherent water waves with different distance between two spherical dippers.
Rajah 4.1 dan rajah 4.2 menunjukkan corak interferens yang terbentuk bagi 2 sumber gelombang air yang koheren dengan jarak yang berbeza bagi 2 pengetar membulat..

Diagram 4.1/Rajah 4.1 X

Diagram 4.2 / Rajah 4.2

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Based on the information and the observation above: Berdasarkan maklumat dan pemerhatian di atas (a) State one suitable inference Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai[

[1 mark]
(b) State one suitable hypothesis . Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai

[1 mark]

(c) With the use of apparatus such as ripple tank, stroboscope and other suitable apparatus, describe an experiment framework to investigate the hypothesis stated in 4(b). In your description, state clearly the following :
Dengan menggunakan radas seperti tangki riak , stroboskop dan lain-lain radas yang sesuai, teangkan satu rangka kerja eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang anda nyatakan di 4(b). Didalam penerangan anda, nyatakan dengan jelas yang berikut:

(i) Aim of the experiment
Tujuan eksperimen

(ii) Variables in the experiment
Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen

(iii) List of apparatus and materials.

(iv) The procedure of the experiment which includes the method of controlling the manipulated variable and the method of measuring the responding variable.
Prosedur eksperimen termasuk kaedah mengawal pembolehubah dimanipulasikan dan kaedah mengukur pemblehubah bergerak balas.

(v) The way you would tabulate the data
Cara anda akan menjadualkan data (vi) The way you would analyse the data. Cara anda akan menganalisis data

[10 marks]
END OF QUESTION PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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Skema paper 1 set 2 trial 2010

NO 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

JWP D C D A A B B A D D

NO 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

JWP C A A B C B D D D C

NO 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

JWP C B C B A B C D B B

NO 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

JWP A D C C C A A C C C

NO 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

JWP D B B A D C A D B A

1

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SKEMA PAPER 2 SET 2 FIZIK TRIAL MELAKA 2010 1 a) vernier calipers b) for measuring inner diameter c) 0.01 cm d) 2.55 cm 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 1 1 1 5 1 1

2 (a) (i) - energy is used to break the bonds//change the state of matter
- energy is used to increase the kinetic energy of the molecules

(ii) (b) ( c)

- 0.2 x 3.36 x 105 - 6.72 x 104 J - There is no net transfer of energy between the water and the surroundings

3 (a) (b) (i)

A temporary magnet when there is a flow of electric current

South / S (ii) Attracted to iron nail (electromagnet) (iii) (c) ( d) - increase the number of turn/increase the current Magnetic lifting machine / circuit breaker / electric bell / electric relay / ticker timer / magnetic levitated train / electronic card /parking machine /tape recorder.

1 1 1 2

4 (a)
B(i) B (ii)

Transistor NPN IB + IC = I E
V2 R2  6 R2  1500

7 1 1 1 1 1

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C(i) C(ii) 5(a)(i) (a)(ii) (b)(i) (b)(ii) (c)(i) (c)(ii) (c)(iii)

R2= 750 Ω The bulb will not light up Resistance R2 is small // V2 is small Current amplifier
The wall of a dam in Figure 4.2 is much thicker at the bottom than at the top and withstand the higher pressure at the bottom of the lake Pressure at B is higher than at A // vice versa Dam in Diagram 5.2 When depth increases, pressure increases.// Thicker at the base can withstand high pressure
Siphon system Diffrence in water level will cause different in pressure

1 1 1 7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

6(a)(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (b)(i) (b)(ii)

Reflection 1 000 Hz Less Less energy 5 cm x 1 ms/cm 5 ms = 0.005 Show on the graph From graph, T = 0.005 s, d = 1.7 m TOTAL Resultant force / net force is zero W = mg = 60 x 10 = 600 N

8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 1 1 1

7 (a) (b)

(c)

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3 (d) 2T = W 2T = 600 T = 300 N Method in Diagram 8.2 , tension is lower 10 1 1 1 2

(e)

8(a) (b) (i)

It releases 1000 J of energy per second// 1000W power when 240 V is supplied to it P Replacement into the formula I = V 1000 I= 240

1

(b) (ii)

Answer with correct unit = 4.167 A Calculating number of unit E = Pt 1000 30 = X 30 // 15 units X 60 1000 Cost = 15 X 0.23 // RM 3.45 Calculate the energy by using E = VIt P : 240 X 6 X 90 // 129 600 J Q : 240 X 5 X 150 // 180 000 J R : 240 X 4 X 120 // 115 200 J R Uses the least energy // save energy Save cost // save time
TOTAL

1 1

1 1+ 1 1 1 1 1 1 12

(c)(i)

(c) (ii)

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9(a) (i) (ii)

Distance from the optical centre to a focal point. Lens K is thicker than lens J Light ray is refracted more in lens K than lens J. Focal length of lens K is shorter than lens J. Therefore the thicker the lens, the greater the refraction of light and with that the shorter the focal length of a lens will be As a magnifying glass. Enlarge/magnified Inverted/upside down Virtual Choose lens S as objective lens Choose lens Q as eyepiece Lens S is placed in front of lens Q The two lenses are adjusted so that they are in normal adjustment where distance between the two lenses is equal to (fo + fe) Modification 1. Use low power convex lens as the objective lens. Explanation - Magnification of telescope = fo , fe  Low power lens has a longer focal length, fo , magnification  High power lens has a shorter focal length, fe , magnification More light permitted to enter the telescope and a clearer image is seen

1

5 1

(b) (i) (ii) (c)(i)

3

4

(ii)

2. Use high power convex lens as the eye lens 3.Use bigger diameter of objective lens

6 20

10(a)(i) Electromagnet is a device in which magnetism is produced by an electric current // temporary magnet made by winding a coil round a soft iron core and magnetic field produce when current flow. (ii)  Current flow in diagram 10.2 is more than 10.1 // vice versa.  The amount of iron filing attracted by iron core in Diagram 10.2 is more than 10.1 // vice versa.  The magnetic strength in diagram 10.2 is more than 10.1 // vice versa.  Amount of iron filing attracted increase when current increase  The magnetic field strength increase when current increase (b)  When too high current flow, magnetic field strength become very

1 1 1 1 1 1

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  

(c)(i)

  

strong / wire expand electromagnet pull the soft iron armature / pulled to the right by spring P. release the catch, contact separate and current does not flow When reset button is pressed, spring Q pulls the soft iron armature back to its original position When the coil rotates the coil cut across the magnetic field lines Induced current flow in the coil. The current maximum when the coil cut the magnetic field at right angle // current decreased (become zero) when the coil move in parallel with magnetic field lines The direction of current flow determine by using Fleming’s right hand rule After 90o the direction of current in the external circuit reversed/ diagram
Modification Change slip rings with commutator Explanation To reverse contact with brushes so that the current flow in same direction in external circuit

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
(Max : 4)

 

(c)(ii) 2

Use stronger magnet Use more number of turn for the coil/ Increase the speed of rotation

To increase the magnetic field strength Increase the rate of change of magnetic field/increase the induced current

2 2

Total

11(a)(i) State Archimedes principal as Buoyant force equal to weight of fluid displaced (ii) Volume of air displaced equal to volume of a balloon Density of air decreased as a altitude increase Weight of displaced air become smaller At certain height weight of displaced air equal to weight of the balloon Large balloon To produce bigger buoyant / up thrust // Increase the volume of the air displaced

20 1

1 1 1 1

(iii)

1 1

5

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Low density of gas filled in the balloon Lighter Synthetic nylon Light-weight, strong and air-proof material Low mass of radiosonde instrument To produce a bigger upward resultan force R is choosen Large ballon/low density of gas /synthetic nylon / low mass of radiosonde instrument (b)(i)
Giving a correct equation / Substitute the equation correctly mass = density x volume Correct answer with unit m=0.216kg show the volume of displaced air V= 1.2m3 Calculate mass of displaced air correctly m= 1.56kg Calculate weight of displaced air correctly and state that bouyant force equal to weight of displaced air = 15.6N

\1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1

(b)(ii)

1 1

1

12(a) (b)

Radioisotopes are isotopes which have unstable nuclei.

20 1

Characteristics Explanation Has a long half- Can be used for a long time hence save cost life Emits beta Can penetrate box and liquid and is less dangerous than gamma Solid form Easy to handle and contain. Low ionising Does not change the state and taste of juice. power Radioisotope T It has long half life, emits beta, in solid form and has low ionising power.

2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1

(c)(i) (ii)

Geiger Muller Tube 1. Bottle E 2. Rate meter reading is the highest 3. Most radiation can reach the detector without being block by

6

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(d)

juice 1. Correctly stated that α as 2. Correctly stated that β as 3. Working is shown 4. X = 3 5. Y = 2

4 2

He e

1 1 1 1 1 1
Total 20

0 1

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SKEMA PAPER 3 SET 2 TRIAL NEGERI MELAKA 2010
1 1 (a) (i) (ii) (iii) 1 State the correct manipulated variable Length / L/ 1 1 State the correct responding variable Resistance / R // Potential difference / V // Current / I 1 1 State one fixed variable Diameter of the wire // Cross-sectional area of the wire // Type of wire 1 5 (b) (c) 1 5 State the correct use of the mirror Reduce parallax error Tabulate L, I, V and R correctly Give a tick () based on the following: A  Columns L, I, V and R B  Correct units for I, V and R C  All values of I correct D  All values of I consistent to 2 d.p. E F  All values of V correct  All values of V consistent to 1 or 2 d.p.       

G  All values of R correct

H  All values of R consistent to 2, 3 or 4 d.p.  L / cm 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 I/A 0.36 0.42 0.50 0.62 0.70 V/V 0.4 0.7 1.1 1.7 2.3 R/Ω 1.11 1.67 2.20 2.74 3.29

Note for G : Accept e.c.f. from C and E Marks awarded : Number of  8 6-7 4-5 2-3 1 Total marks : 5 (d) 5 Draw correctly a graph of R against L Marks 5 4 3 2 1

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Give a tick () based on the following: A B C D  R at the y-axis, L at the x-axis  Correct units at both axes  Uniform scale at both axes  5 points plotted correctly [Note : 3 or 4 points plotted correctly : ] E F  Best straight line  Minimum size of graph 5 x 4 big squares (Big square : 2 cm x 2 cm) (From the origin to the last point)      

Marks awarded : Number of  7 5-6  3-4  2 1 Total marks : 5 1 (e) 1 States the correct relationship based on the straight line drawn For a straight line with positive gradient passing through the origin, Resistance is directly proportional to length / R directly proportional to L / R  L For a straight line with positive gradient that does not pass through the origin, Resistance increases linearly with length 1 (f) 1 States one suitable precaution Check the voltmeter for zero error and make zero adjustment // Position of the eye such that the image of the pointer in the mirror is blocked by the pointer to avoid parallax error 16 Marks 5 4 3 2 1

Mark 2 (a) (i) 1 (a) (ii) 1 1

Answer State the change correctly Decrease State the value of  -shows graph exstrapolation -shows the corresponding arrow 1

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1 (a) (iii) 1 1 1

-18.5 0C // 18.00C // 19.00C (reject without unit) Calculate the gradient of the graph, h and state the value of h with the acceptable range -Draw a suffiecienly large triangle to calculate the gradient of the graph. -Correct substitution(follow candidate’s triangle) -State value of the gradient with correct unit. The gradient of the graph is14.55 0C kg Correct substitution to the formula

3

3

(b) 1 1 1 (c) 1 1 Total (a) (b) (c) (i)

c

Q gradient 6.1  10 4 14.55
3

4192.4 J kg-1 0C-1 Stir the water gently with the heater to ensure that heat is distributed uniformly to all part of the water. Make sure the insulating jacket is covered all part of the beaker. 2 12 1 1 1

3.

12 State a suitable inference Acceleration is influenced by the mass State a relevant hypothesis When the mass increased, the acceleration will be decreased. State the aim of experiment To investigate the relationship between the acceleration and the mass. State the suitable manipulated variables and responding variable (ii) (Quantity that can be measured) Manipulatd variable : mass Responding variable : acceleration State the constant variable Force applied

1

1 1

(iii)

State the complete list of apparatus and materials 5 Trolleys, ticker timer, ticker tape, a rubber band, a wooden runway, 12 V a.c power supply, ruler.

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Draw the functional arrangement of the apparatus (iv) Trolley Ticker Timer Ticker tape Friction compensated runway Power supply 1 rubber band

State the method to control the manipulated variable (v) The apparatus is set up as shown in the diagram. The ticker-timer is switched on and a trolley (of 1 kg) is pulled using a rubber band. The extension of the rubber band is ensured to be of the same length State the method to measure the responding variable Acceleration of the trolley is calculated using the ticker-tape. a = ( v-u ) / t Repeat the experiment at least 4 times with the values Procedure 2 and Procedure 3 are repeated using 2, 3, 4 and 5 trolleys. (Note : Based on SPM standard , at least five manipulated values required.) 1 1

1

(vi)

(vii)

State how the data tabulated with the title MV and RV Mass / num. of trolley acceleration / cm s-2 1 2 3 4 5 State how the data is analysed, plot a graph RV against MV acceleration / cm s-2

1

1 Mass / num. of trolley

Total No 4.

12

Making the right inference The distance between two spherical dippers affects the distance
1

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between two constructive/destructive interference. Hypótesis The distance between two constructive/destructive interferente decrease when the distance between 2 spherical dippers. i Aim To investigate the relationship between the distance between 2 spherical dippers and the distance beteen 2 constructive /destructive interference. Mv : The distance between 2 spherical dippers Rv : the distance between 2 constructive /destructive interference. Fv: Depth of the water// speed of the motor// the perpendicular distance between the 2 spherical dippers and the place where the interference pattern is observed. List apparatus and material Ripple tank, power suplí, white paper and ruler

ii

iii

iv

State a functional arrangement of apparatus

v

State how the MV is controlled - Two spherical dippers are attached to the water - The distance between spherical dippers on the screen are adjusted to a = 5.0cm State how RV is measured -The distance between 2 constructive /destructive interference on the screen , x is measured with the ruler and recorded. State how repeated the experiment -Repeat the previous step by increasing the distance between 2 spherical dippers. a =6cm,7cm,8cm and 9cm. Tabulating data

vi

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vii

Total

12