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cANALISIS DAYA DUKUNG DAN PRODUKTIVITAS LAHAN TANAMAN


PANGAN DI KECAMATAN BATANG KABUPATEN JENEPONTO
SULAWESI SELATAN c
Thamrin Tola*, P. Tandi Balla*, dan Bachrul Ibrahim** c
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ABSTRAK c
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis daya dukung dan produktivitas lahan tanaman
pangan aktual dan potensial di berbagai desa/kelurahan di Kecamatan Batang. Metode yang digunakan
adalah survai terpadu, yaitu observasi dan wawancara. Data dianalisis secara acak bertingkat sebanding
dan kualitatif. c
Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa daya dukung lahan pada empat belas desa/kelurahan,
berada pada kisaran 3,39 orang/ha (Desa Allu Tarowang) sampai dengan 12,29 orang/ha (Desa Tino)
dengan rata-rata sebesar 6,33 orang/ha. Daya dukung lahan (6,33 orang/ha) masih tergolong tinggi bila
dibandingkan dengan kepadatan penduduk (5,96 orang/ha), tetapi posisi ini sangat rawan terjadi
kelebihan daya dukung. Dengan pertumbuhan penduduk rata-rata 1,61 persen per tahun, akan terjadi
kelebihan daya dukung dalam waktu lebih dari 9,53 tahun, apabila tidak ada inovasi teknologi. Dari 14
desa/kelurahan, ada 7 desa/kelurahan yang daya dukungnya sudah terlampaui yaitu: Desa Camba-
Camba, Desa Bungeng, Desa Pao, Desa Kaluku, Desa Balangloe Tarowang, Desa Tarowang dan Desa Allu
Tarowang. Sebaliknya, ada 7 desa/kelurahan yang daya dukungnya belum terlampaui yakni : Desa Tino,
Kelurahan Togo-Togo, Desa Balang Baru, Desa Maccini Baji, Desa Bonto Ujung, Desa Bonto Rappo dan
Desa Bonto Raya. Hasil identifikasi produktivitas lahan dari aktual ke potensial pada berbagai jenis
tanaman pangan pada 29 unit lahan cukup bervariasi, yaitu pada kelas sangat sesuai (S1), cukup sesuai
(S2), sesuai marjinal (S3) dan tidak sesuai (N). Hubungan daya dukung dengan produktivitas lahan dari
14 desa/kelurahan menunjukkan bahwa hanya dua unit lahan, yakni unit lahan 16 dan 26 terjadi
peningkatan produksi pada tanaman jagung dan ubi kayu. c
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