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Reaksi Eksoterm Dan Endoterm

Reaksi Eksoterm Dan Endoterm

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Published by: Rohani Siburian on Oct 25, 2010
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CBENISTRY

LxÞL8lMLn1
8LÞC81
0BSERvINu TBE
EX0TBERNIC
REACTI0N &
ENB0TBERNIC
REACTI0N ANB
BETERNINATI0N
0F ENTBALPY
REACTI0N
CBANuES

CkLA1LD 8¥ť
MŦ kAIkI
MŦ IUMAkIk
kL1NC 5L1¥A kINI
kI5MA AkNI5 ÞU1kI
kCnANI MŦ 5I8UkIAN
5MA N 1 8A1AM 1ŦA 2010/2011

REAK8| EK80TERH 0AN EN00TERH| EXDTlERVl0 /h0 Eh0DTlERVl0 RE/0TlDh

TuJuAN :
Ada( s|sWa dapal rerdaral| pe(oedaar (ea|s| e|sole(r dar (ea|s| erdole(r

D/l .
ln oroer lor sruoenrs ro ooserve o|llerenoes |n exornerm|o reaor|ons ano enoornerm|o reaor|ons

ALAT 0AN 8AlAN/TDDl$ /h0 V/TERl/l$

O $palu|a/$oaru|a
O e|as u|u(/ Veasur|no ouo
O e|as ||r|a/ |ass onem|srry
O polordar p|la radres|ur ras|rd-ras|rd separjard ±1.5 cr/ o|eoes ol maones|um r|ooon eaon ± '.5
om |ono
O La(ular lC|/ lC| $o|ul|or
O (|sla| oa(|ur r|d(o|s|da |8a|0l). 8l0)/ 0rysra|s ol oar|um nyorox|oe (3a (Dlj . 8lDj
O (|sla| aror|ur ||o(|da |Nl1CL)/ 0rysra|s ol ammon|um on|or|oe (hl40lj
O Te(rorele(/ Tnermomerer
O T|ssue/ T|ssue



CARA RJA/ $TEP$.
O asu||ar |a(ular asar ||o(|da |lC|) |e da|ar seouar laourd (ea|s| dar u|u( suru aWa| lC|/Enrer
rne so|ur|on ol nyoroon|or|o ao|o (l0|j |nro a resr ruoe ano measure rne |n|r|a| remoerarure ol l0|
O Taroar|ar polordar p|la radres|ur//oo o|eoes ol maones|um r|ooon
O ovard|ar sed|||l laourd (ea|s|/$nake a ||rr|e rne resr ruoe
O Aral| pe(uoarar vard le(jad|. (asa|ar pe(uoarar suru laourd (ea|s|Doserve rne onanoes rnar
ooour. lee| rne remoerarure onanoe |n a resr ruoe
O 0|ar|ar |a(ular oeoe(apa saal//||ou rne so|ur|on a leu momenrs
O $ele|ar |lu. rasu||ar |e(las |a|rus re(ar//lrer rnar. enrer rne reo ||rmus oaoer
O Aral| apa|ar le(jad| pe(uoarar alau l|da|/ Doserve unerner or nor onanoes
O Calal ras|| perdaralar/ Reooro your ooservar|ons

A8|L PENCAHATAN || RE$0L7$ 0F 08$ERVA7l0h$ l

O !erdu|u(ar suru/Temoerarure measuremenr
$uru aWa| lC| |ac) : 31"C/ ln|r|a| remoerarure ol l0| (aoj. J'"0
$uru sele|ar (ea|s|: 3Z"C/ /lrer rne reaor|on remoerarure. J7 " 0
$uru carpu(ar (ea|s| ra|| ê"C/ Tne remoerarure ol rne reaor|on m|xrure rose 6 " 0
O Pemer|ksaan |aruran oenoan kerras |akmus meran/ lnsoeor|on rne so|ur|on u|rn reo ||rmus oaoer
T|da| le(jad| pe(uoarar. oa|| pada |a(ular raupur pada |e(las |a|rus re(ar./ ho onanoes.
oerueen rne so|ur|on ano |n reo ||rmus oaoer
O !ercarpu(ar d dar lC|/ V|x|no Vo ano l0|
Ma (s) + PCl (aq) MaCl
2
(a) + P
2
(a)
e|ua( de|erourd-de|erourd da(| |a(ular vard re(upa|ar l/ ouoo|es ar|se lrom rne so|ur|on
ol un|on |s l
La(ular rerjad| |e(ur/$o|ur|on oeoame ruro|o
Taourd (ea|s| rerjad| paras/ Tesr ruoe oers nor
!|la radres|ur rerda|ar| pe(uoarar Wa(ra rerjad| Wa(ra pul|r/ maones|um r|ooon oo|or
onanoes ro un|re

0a(| ras|| perdaralar d| alas. dapal d||elaru| oarWa (ea|s| |a(ular lC| dar p|la radres|ur le(rasu| da|ar
(ea|s| e|sole(r.
From rne aoove ooservar|ons. |r |s knoun rnar rne reaor|on ol l0| ano maones|um r|ooon |no|uoeo |n rne
exornerm|o reaor|on.

A8|L PENCAHATAN ||| RE$0L7$ 0F 08$ERVA7l0h$ ll

CARA RJA:/$TEP$.
O asu||ar |8a|0l). 8l0) |e da|ar de|as u|u(/ Enrer rne (3a (Dlj . 8lDj |nro a measur|no ouo
O u|u( suru aWa| (|sla| oa(|ur r|d(o|s|da/ measure rne |n|r|a| remoerarure ol 3ar|um lyorox|oe 0rysra|s
O asu||ar (|sla| arror|ur ||o(|da |e da|ar de|as u|u(/Enrer rne ammon|um on|or|oe orysra|s |nro a
o|ass measur|no
O u|u( suru aWa| (|sla| arror|ur ||o(|da/Veasure rne |n|r|a| remoerarure ol ammon|um on|or|oe
orysra|s
O Taroar|ar (|sla| arror|ur ||o(|da |e da|ar de|as u|u( vard oe(|s| (|sla| oa(|ur r|d(o|s|da//oo
orysra|s ol ammon|um on|or|oe |nro rne measur|no ouo oonra|n|no oar|um nyorox|oe orysra|s
O Tulup ru|ul de|as u|u( derdar l|su/0over rne mourn ol measur|no ouo u|rn a r|ssue
O ovard|ar de|as u|u( derdar lelap reredard perulup de|as u|u(/ $nake rne measur|no ouo un||e
no|o|no rne measur|no ouo ||o
O !edard laourd dar (asa|ar sururva/lo|o rne ruoe ano lee| rne remoerarure
O 8|a(|ar seoerla(. |erud|ar ou|a perulup dar c|ur oau vard l|rou|//||ou a momenr. rnen ooen rne
||o ano sme|| ar|s|no
O Calal ras|| perdaralar/Reooro your ooservar|ons
A8|L PENCAHATAN ||| RE$0L7$ 0F 08$ERVA7l0h$ ll
O!ercarpu(ar 8a|0l). 8l0 dar Nl1C|/ m|x|no 3a(Dlj. 8lD oan hl40|
$uru aWa| 8a|0l). 8l0 |s) : 31"C/ln|r|a| remoerarure ol 3a (Dlj . 8lD (sj. J' " 0
$uru aWa| Nl1C| |s) : 31.5"C/ln|r|a| remoerarure ol hl40| (sj. J'.5 " 0
suru carpu(ar : Z"C/remoerarure ol rne m|xrure . 7 " 0

Opercarpu(ar 8a|0l). 8l0 dar Nl1C| /m|x|no 3a (Dlj . 8lD ano hl40|
|a(ular rerjad| d|rd|r/so|ur|on oeoame ooo|
rerde|ua(|ar oau vard re(upa|ar Nl3/ |r nas ooor un|on |s hlJ

0a(| ras|| perdaralar d| alas dapal d||elaru| oarWa (ea|s| arla(a (|sla| oa(|ur r|d(o|s|da derdar (|sla|
arror|ur ||o(|da le(rasu| da|ar (ea|s| erdole(r
From rne ooservar|on aoove oan oe seen rnar rne reaor|on oerueen rne orysra|s ol oar|um nyorox|oe u|rn
ammon|um on|or|oe orysra|s are |no|uoeo |n rne enoornerm|o reaor|on
8a|0l). 8l0 ÷ Nl1C| 8aC| ÷ Nl3 |d) ÷ l0 |d)

ANAL|8|8 0ATA|PERTANYAAN

1. Ma (s) + PCl (aq)
La(ular rerde|ua(|ar de|erourd-de|erourd vard re(upa|ar l$o|venr re|ease ouoo|es
rnar are l
$uru |a(ular rerjad| paras dar |e(ur/Tne remoerarure ol rne so|ur|on oeoame nor ano ruro|o

. 8a|0l). 8l0 ÷ Nl1C|
$uru |a(ular rerjad| d|rd|r/Tne remoerarure nas ooo|eo so|ur|on
La(ular rerde|ua(|ar oau vard re(upa|ar Nl3 $o|venr ooor un|on |s hlJ
Penentuan Perubahan Enta|p| Reaks||0etermination of Reaction Enthalpy Changes
!ada pe(cooaar |r| a|ar d|lerlu|ar pe(uoarar erla|p| pada (ea|s| arla(a |a(ular ral(|ur r|d(o|s|da derdar
|a(ular asar ||o(|da vard rerdras|||ar salu ro| a|(.
ln rn|s rr|a| u||| oe oererm|neo enrna|oy onanoe |n rne reaor|on oerueen soo|um nyorox|oe so|ur|on u|rn
nyoroon|or|o ao|o so|ur|on un|on oroouoes one mo|e ol uarer.




TuJuAN:
Ada( s|sWa dapal rererlu|ar pe(uoarar erla|p| derdar rerddura|ar ca|o(|rele( sede(rara

D/l.
ln oroer lor sruoenrs ro oererm|ne enrna|oy onanoes us|no a s|mo|e oa|or|merer

ALAT 0AN 8AlAN

O $palu|a/ $oaru|a
O e|as u|u(/ Veasur|no ouo
O La(ular Na0l/ haDl so|ur|on
O La(ular lC|/ l0| $o|ur|on
O ouar le(rorele(/ rnermomerers
O e|as $lv(oloar dar perulup/ $ryroloam ouo ano rne oover
O T|su/ T|ssue
CARA RJA/ $TEP$
O asu||ar |a(ular Na0l |e da|ar de|as u|u(/ Enrer rne haDl so|ur|on |nro a measur|no ouo
O asu||ar |a(ular lC| |e da|ar de|as u|u( vard |a|r/ Enrer rne l0| so|ur|on |nro anorner measur|no ouo
O u|u( suru aWa| |a(ular Na0l/ Veasure rne |n|r|a| remoerarure ol haDl so|ur|on
O u|u( suru aWa| |a(ular lC|/ Veasure rne |n|r|a| remoerarure ol l0| so|ur|on
O asu||ar |a(ular Na0l dar |a(ular lC| |e da|ar de|as $lv(oloar seca(a oe(saraar/ Enrer haDl
ano l0| so|ur|on |nro a $ryroloam ouo ar rne same r|me
Na0l|ac)÷lC||ac) NaC||ac)÷l0||)
O Tulup de|as $lv(oloar dar rasu||ar le(rorele( seca(a pe(|arar dar pe(ral||ar suru vard
d|lurju||ar le(rorele( |lu/ 0|ose rne $ryroloam ouos ano |nserr rne rnermomerer s|ou|y ano uaron rne
rnermomerer |no|oareo rne remoerarure
O Calal|ar suru a|r|(rva/ Reooro rne remoerarure
O 8u|a lulup de|as $lv(oloar dar d|ar|ar se|ara 3 rer|l / Doen rne ||o $ryroloam ouos ano |er srano lor
J m|nures
O u|u( |eroa|| suru carpu(arrva/ Veasure rne remoerarure ol rne m|xrure oaok
O Calal ras|| perdaralar/ Reooro rne resu|rs ol ooservar|on

lA$L !NAATANExperiment result :
O haDl so|ur|on remoerarure . J'
o
0
O l0| so|ur|on remoerarure . J'
o
0
O /varaoe remoerarure (|n|r|a|j .
31+31
2
= J'
o
0
O F|na| remoerarure . J4
o
0
O Temoerarure r|se . l|na| T - /varaoe T
. J4 - J'
. J
o
0
Ana||s|s data| pertnyaan
1. l|lurd|ar c|a(ular derdar (urus c = r. C. LT ||a|o( vard d|se(ap oejara p|asl|| dapal d|aoa||ar.)/
0a|ou|are oso|ur|on us|no rne lormu|a o = m x o x Ar ( rne near rnar aosoroeo oy srereolom o|ass oan oe
|onoreoj
2 = 50d( x = 100 d(
6 = 1. J
-1
d
-1


q = r c Al
= | 100 ) x 1. x 3
= 1 J

2Ŧ l|lurd|ar c(ea|s| |=-c|a(ular)./ 0a|ou|are oreaor|on =(- oso|ur|onj

c(eacl|or= 1 J

Ŧ l|lurd|ar jur|ar Na0l da|ar 50 cr
3
|a(ular Na0l 1 dar jur|ar ro| lC| da|ar 50 cr
3
|a(ular lC|
1 ./ 0a|ou|are amounr ol haDl mo| |n 50 om
J
haDl so|ur|on ' V ano amounr ol l0| mo| |n 50 om
J
l0| so|ur|on 'V

ro| Na0l = \ x
= 0.05 L x 1
= 0.05 ro|
o| lC| = \ x
= 0.05 L x 1
= 0.05 ro|

1. l|lurd|ar c(ea|s| pada peroerlu|ar 1 ro| l0|j||a Na0l dar lC| vard oe(ea|s| ras|rd-ras|rd 1 ro|
l0)./ 0a|ou|are oreaor|on |n lorm|no ' mo| lD ( |l haDl ano l0| rnar reaor. eaon ' mo| j
c|1 ro| lC| ÷ 1 ro| Na0l) =
1
0,05
x - 1050 J
= - 1000 J
= - 1 |J

5. Ca(||ar dala |a|o( (ea|s| rel(a||sas| asar-oasa dar ||le(alu(. |erud|ar oard|rd|ar derdar ras|| vard
arda pe(o|er da(| |ed|alar |r|. J||a le(dapal perv|rpardar vard oe(a(l|. cooa|ar |eru|a|ar
perveoaorva.$ l|no rne oa|or|e oara |n neurra||zar|on reaor|on ol ao|o oase |n ||rerarure. Tnan oomoare |r
u|rn rne resu|r you oor lrom rne exoer|menr. ll rnere´s a oev|ar|on. l|no rne reason.
0ala |a|o( (ea|s| rel(a||sas| asar oasa da(| ||le(alu(e ada|ar:
Na0l|ac) ÷ lC||ac) ÷ NaC||ac) ÷ l0||) Al = -890.1 |J/ro|
$ererla(a |lu |a|o( (ea|s| rel(a||sas| da(| ras|| pe(cooaar vard d||a|u|ar ada|ar :
Na0l |ac) ÷ lC| |ac)F NaC||ac) ÷ l0 ||) Al = - 1 |J

ê. Ta(|||ar |es|rpu|ar da(| |ed|alar |r|./ r|re ooun rne rnermoonem|oa| eouar|on lor rn|s reaor|on (
Alreaor|on = oreaor|on |n lorm|no ' mo| lD j
Na0l |ao) ÷ lC| |ao)F NaC||ac) ÷ l0 ||) Al = - ' kJ
6atatan:
!ada pe(r|lurdar pe(uoarar erla|p| pada (ea|s| |r| d|arddap oarWa:
a. assa |a(ular sara derdar a|( |.50 cr
3
|a(ular d|arddap 100 cr
3
a|().
o. $e|ara (ea|s| oe(|ardsurd. ere(d| vard oe(p|rlar da(| s|sler |e ||rd|urdar dapal d|aoa||ar.
c. a|o( jer|s a|( 1. J
-1
d
-1
. rassa jer|s a|( = 1 d cr
-3\

hore.
Tne oa|ou|ar|on ol enrna|oy onanoe |n rn|s reaor|on |s oons|oereo rnar.
a. Tne mass ol rne same so|ur|on u|rn uarer (.50 omJ '00 omJ uarer so|ur|on |s oons|oereoj.
o. 0ur|no rne reaor|on. rne eneroy |s moveo lrom sysrem ro env|ronmenr oan oe |onoreo.
o. lear uarer ryoe 4. J r-' o-'. rne oens|ry ol uarer = ' o om-J

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