Anda di halaman 1dari 10

GENIUS RAMALAN TIPS KENA TEPAT SCIENCE BAHAGIAN INI AKAN KENA 100% TEPAT

..

DISEDIAKAN OLEH

CIKGU RAFI

RamalaD Set 3

RamalaD Set 3

SULIT

. Siiil Pelajaran Malaysia

7. Diagram 7 shows a process that occurs in nuclear reactor.

Rqjah 7 menunjukkan suatu proses yang berlaku di mana reaktor nuklear.

eomolr""$ lOCI PfH1g8wal

Diagram 7 Rajah 7

(a). Name the type of nuclear reaction shown in Diagram 7.

Namakan jenis tindak balas nuklear yang ditu,gu/rkm pada Rajah 7.

178 J~~.~~~~;~~~~i.~ .

[l mark] [1 markah]

(b) What is the function of the control rods?

Apakah fungsi rod pengawal?

J hI To control the rate of nuclear fission by absorbing neulr!ms

i----:.~ ... = ... = .... ~ ... ~ ... ::7: ... 7:-: ... ::: ... ::::;: ... ~ .... :-:::= ... :;::: ... ~ ... ~ ... :;::; ... ;;.: .... ~ ... ;;; ... ;;; ... ~ ... = ... = .. =, ~~ •••.•••••.•••...

[1 mark]--[1 markah]

(c) What is the radioactive element used in Diagram 7 to produce nuclear energy.

Apakah bahan radiaktif yang digunakan dalam Rajah 7 untuk menghasilkan tenaga nuklear.

Uraniwn

[1 mark] [1 markah]

(d) Name the part that control the temperature of the reactor in Diagram 7.

Namakan bahagian yang mengawal suhu reaktor dalam Rajah 7 .

. .! Condensoroooling water /I Coolin~ system

• ••• 4 •••••••••• ••• •••••••••••••• ···,··· ••••••••••• •••• •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••

""'

[1 ,;tarkl

(e)

State two advantages of using nuclear energy. Berikan duo kebaikan penggunaan tenaga nuklear.

I e Produce electrical energy f1che8p~so=urce=--o::;f:-:en::er::gy:::-;II;-;:Ies::s:-::acc=id;::ent:::-;happened=-:-:-""77/'1 p-ro-d-;-uced~;buge

1. '\ amount of energy fa lot of useful radioisotopes Note: Accept any two correct answer

2. . .......................................••.. ;0 .•••••••••••••

http://geDiusramalan.com

[2 marks] [2 markah]

http://geDiusramalaD.blogspot.com

8 Diagram 8 shows a structure of reactor R in a power station.

Rajah 8 menunjukkan strukrur reaktor R da/am stesen janakuasa.

x

y

Diagram 8 Rajah 8

(a) (i) Name reactor R .

Namakan reaktor R.

(ii) What type of energy produced by reactor in (a) (i) ?

Apokah bemuk tenaga yang dihasilkan oleh reaktor di (a)(i)?

..

...................................................................................................

[2 marks] [2 markahj

(b) What is X?

Apakah X?

[I mark] [I markah]

(c) What substance is used as a fuel in X?

Apakah bahan yang digunakan sebagai bahanapi da/am X?

[1 mark] [/ markah]

(d) State the function of Y in reactor R?

Nyatakan fugsi Y da/am reaktor R?

(e) Tick (,/) two atoms produced in reactor R.

Tandakan ( ,,) dua atom yang dihasilkan da/am reaktor R.

[lmark] [[.markahj

Barium

Krypton

Xenon

6. Diagram S shows a usage of radioactive rays.

RiJjah j menunjukkan satu kegwtaall sinar radloaktif

Radioactive source Su",ber radioakiif

Machinery to control roller

Mesin UfliilA

mengawai pengge/ek

Diagram 5 RajahS

<8> (i) What is the uses of radioactive rays in Diagram 5?

Apakoh iregunaan sinar rtuli£qk!1f daJam Raiah 57

. (Il~ ; f6t~cii'the!thicknes5 of paper '

,"; ,,; ;i' .: 1.

[I mark] (I markah)

(ii) What is ray P?

Apakah jenis P?

i{ii), ~Iphara~ ;1 . 'L ....................•...........•.............................•.......

[I mark] [I markah)

(b)

How to stop the penetration otray N Bag_aimanli'kahpenembusan sinar P boleh disekat ?

~~'fltla ~i~~6f.~~ ..

.... ,,' !Ii. ,'*,

[Imark] (I markah]

(c) What is the charge of ray P?

ApaJcah cas sinaran P?

.......... J~tfl~H ~. '. ',:: .

[I mark] [I markah]

{d} Match the radioactive substance and their uses in the Table 4.

Podankan bahan radioakiif dan' kegunaanlfJa cia/am Jadual 4.

CobaIt-60 Koball-60

M"dical Perubatan

?hosphorus-32 Posforus-Ll

-,

Archeology Arireoiogi

Carbon -14 Karbon·14

Agriculture Pertanian

Table 4 Jadua/4

[2 marks] [2 /llQrkah]

7. Diagmm 7 shows the deflection of 3 radioactive rays across an electric field.

Rajah 7 menunjukkan. pemesongan3 sinamtt radioaktif meTentasi suatu medan elekirik.

Radioactive substance Bahan mdioaktif

Diagram 7 Rajah 7

(a) (i) Name the rays P and Q .

Namakan sinaran P dan Q.

p

Q

(ii) Which ray moves the slowest?

Sinar yang mana1cah bergerak paling perlahan?

[3 marlc.S)

(h) Why is radiation Q attracted to the positive plate?

Mengapakah sinaran Q tertarik ke arah. plat positiJ?

(1 mark)

(c) Gamma rays can penetrate easily an aluminium sheet. Give a suitable substance that can be used to block gamma rays.

Sinaran gamma boleti menembusi dengan mudah sekeping aluminium Berikan satu bahan yang se,suai yang boleh menghalang sinar gamma.

(d) In Table 7, mark (..J) a radioactive substance.

Di dalam Jadual 7, tandakan. (" ) satu bahan radioaktif

[1 mark]

Magnesium Nickel Plutonium
Magnesium Nikel Plutonium Table 7

Quest Marking Criteria Mark I: Marks
No
7 (a) (i) P: Alptca ray / / a ray 1
Q: Beta ray / /~ ray 1 2
(ii) PI/Alpharay//aray 1 1
(h) Because Q is negatively charged 1 1
(c) Lead block/ / thick concrete 1 1
(d)
t M~esium I Nickel I Plutonium I 1 1
~
TOTAL n
-- ---- 7. Diagram 7 shows radioactive radiations released by a radioactive substance being deflected in electrical field.

Rajah 7 menunjukkan sinaran radioaktif dipancarkan oleh bahan radioaktif tefah

dipesongkan dalam medan efektrik.

s

R

Diagram 7

nrL-L R,d'",fiv. matarlal

~_ Le~d blcck '

(a) Name the process shown in Diagram 7.

Namakan proses yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 7.

...............................................................................................

[1 mark]

(b) State the radioactive radiations labelled Sand T.

Nyatakan sinaran radioaktif berlabel S dan T.

S: ············ .. ·············· .

T: ··························· .

[2 marks]

(c) (i) Which radiation is negatively charged?

Sinaran manakah yang bercas negatif?

.....................................................................................................................

(ii) Other then radiations R, Sand T, what is also produce in process shown above?

Se/ain sinaran R, S dan T, apakah yang juga dihasi/kan dalam proses di

atas?

.......................................................................................................................

[2 marks]

(d) State one uses of radioactive radiation in medicine.

Nyatakan satu kegunaan sinaran radioaktif dalam perubatan .

.............................................................................................................................

[1 mark]

7(a) Able to name the process shown in Diagram 7 correctly
Sample answer
1. Radioactive decay
2. Nuclear fission
(b) Able to state the radioactive radiations labelled Sand T 2 2
accurately
Answer
S: ~ammarays
T: Alfa rays
Able to identify the negatively charged radiation accurately
Answer
1. R
2. Beta (rays)
2
Able to name the product other than radiation correctly
Sample answer
1. Heat
2. Energy
(d) Able to state one uses of radioactive radiation in medicine
correctly
Sample answer
1. To kill cancerous cells in radiotherapy
2. To sterilise medical equipment
3. To diagnose / cure certain diseases
Total 6 "

5 Diagram 3 shows three radioactive rays in an electric field.

Rajah 3 menunjukkan figa sinar radioaktif di da/am medan e/ektrik.

1511/2

y.

~ i

+

+

DIAGRAM 3 RAJAH 3

(a) Name the radioactive rays X, Y and Z.

Namakan siner radiosktif X, Y dan Z.

X: .

Y: .

Z: · .

(b) Explain why ray Y is not deflected.

Terangkan kenapa sinar Y tidak terpesong .

{3 marks] [3 markah]

...........................................................................................................................

"

151112

[1 mark] [1 markah]

.. .,.

figure 8 shows three radioactive rays, each with different penetration force.

'i sheet of paper aluminium plate

j~::':::::.::::::::::':':':':':'::::'::: .. :::::::::. -- ~..

~I (a) On Figure 8, name the radioactive rays P,Q and R . . ~

!~ (b) Which ray does nol deflect in an electric field?

;

" .

ii Radioisotopes in Table 8 are important for human beings

I

i,.

Figure 8

Plutonium -238 Carbon-14
Phosphorus -32 Uranium -238
Sodium-24 Iodine-131 t, Table 8

r ,~

~ (c) Based on Table 8, write down the radioisotopes used for agricultural purposes?

~ .

"

lead plate

[3 marks 1

[ I mark 1

[2 marks 1



,

II

I

I

:I

.. =J

Fig,-we 9

~

i a) What is particle X?

r-;I(Ho3..c:rf"o,.~ ..... <h .. ne-n ~nd nut;lear en~p-gy

•••••••••••••••• ~ •••••• 0 •••••••••••• 0 •• ' •••••••••••••••••• ,0, 0 ••••••••••••••••• 0 •• 0 •••••••••••••••• 0 •••••••••••••• , •••••••• 1. .... j

f11

~~ What haooens when oartlde X bombards the nucleus of Uran!um-235 at staoe P?

c) What hanoens at O?

............................................................................................................................. ~ l;

............................................................................................................................. [1.J

d) Name the two new elements produced in stage R.

:<i

1. .

2 .f21