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Anatomy and Physiology of the Heart


1. Generating Blood Pressure. Contractions of the heart generate blood

pressure, which is responsible for blood movement through blood vessels.

2. Routing blood. The heart separates the pulmonary and systemic

circulations, which ensures the flow of oxygenated blood to tissues.

3. Ensuring one-way blood flow. The valves of the heart ensure one-way
flow of blood through the heart and blood vessels.
4. Regulating Body supply. Changes in the rate and force of heart
contraction match blood delivery to the changing metabolic needs of the
tissues, such as during rest, exercise, and changes in body position.