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Sample answer for Ink Exercise

Nb: The wording of these questions was more appropriate for

Standard Grade than Intermediate, but the kind of answers
expected are broadly similar, as they are of the same level.

6. Asked for “possibilities and limitations”. Here the question

means, the possibilities that the landscape offers for human
activities; likewise limitations refers to the ways in which the
landscape restricts activities. It does not mean problems which
people might cause. So,

Possibilities could be hill farming on the upland areas; walking on

hills or climbing, eg Ben Lomond. Loch Lomond is suitable for many
forms of recreation, eg jet ski-ing, sailing, pleasure cruises. The
volcanic remains of Dumbarton Rock etc may provide suitable hard
stone for quarrying. The burns might have fresh water fishing, while
settlement can occupy the lower, flat land. Wind farms can be built
on the exposed slopes which are very windy.
Limitations-there is not much flat land to build on; the soils are
probably not very fertile


(a) Remember you need to describe (D) AND explain (E), so

Cultivated (ie crops) land is on flat valley floor (D), because it is

easy to grow, and the soil is a fertile alluvium (silts) (E); forests are
on lower slopes (D) because trees can grow on poor peaty soils*
(E), near the road for the logging operations (E) and slopes are well
drained (E); settlements on valley floor (D), as this is much more
accessible (E) and easier to build on than steep land (E); the
footpath winds along the lower slopes (D), away from flooding (E)
but keeping clear of woods where there is no view

For (b) any valid reasons were accepted

* Peat is not a good soil, but coniferous trees are hardy and adapt
well to acidic soils like peat; we don’t use fertile soil for forestry if
a more economic alternative is available.