Anda di halaman 1dari 5

FOSECO

F D U
FOUNDRY DEGASSING UNIT

FDU - ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY METAL TREATMENT


F D U - EQUIPMENTS THE ADVANTAGES
FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF NON-FERROUS CASTINGS

REPRODUCIBLE RESULTS
FDU degassing units are a metal treatment system for the degassing and cleaning of aluminium alloys in the foundry. FDU units
use the impeller principle with a patented rotor which mixes fine inert gas (usually Nitrogen) bubbles with the melt. With this
principle, a wide distribution of the gas bubbles throughout the body of the melt (but with a smooth surface of the melt) is
achieved. This results in short treatment times, effective degassing and melt cleaning. REDUCED MACHINING COSTS

IMPROVED CASTING SURFACES

REDUCTION OF HARD INCLUSIONS

EFFICIENT MELT CLEANING


Micro structure without metal treatment
GASSING CLEANING
(INTRODUCING GAS INTO THE MELT)
INCREASED TENSILE STRENGTH

WELDABLE PRESSURE CASTINGS


GRAIN REFINEMENT

ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY (FNUOM ES MEOMKI SESOI ORN )

The rotary impeller technique for hydrogen degassing and


inclusion flotation, has proven itself against other methods as
being the most efficient.
Foseco offers an environmentally friendly treatment programme,
designed to meet your requirements, for example:
Micro structure with Foseco metal treatment
MODIFICATION DEGASSING COVERAL* - the metal treatment material to dross, cover and
..clean the melt
NUCLEANT* - for grain refining
SIMODAL - for modification
INSURAL* - the ladle lining system
Graphite rotors and shafts, which can be easily and
quickly exchanged using the Foseco Quicklock system.

FOSECO
FDU - ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIEND LY METAL TREATMENT SYSTEM
FDU-DEGASSING EQUIPMENT FOR TRANSPORT LADLES AND FREE STANDING CRUCIBLE FURNACES

Adjustment of Adjustment of Rotor, shaft and


treatment time rotor speed INSURAL impact plate

FDU ROTOSTATIV FDU MARK 10


Permanently located on a stand. The FDU offers For treatment in transport ladle or furnaces, the
three different treatment times and adjustable FDU 10 is simply pushed into location.
immersion depth.

FDU 200 M FDU 200 L


For treatment in transport ladles up to 200 kg. The This machine can be positioned by a crane or fork
FDU is simply located over the required ladle. lift truck over a transport ladle or furnace.
Treatment weights up to 200 kg.
„Formier“ Gas board Quick lock connection Shaft and rotor
immersed in the melt

AN APPLICATION - APPROPRIATE MODIFICATION IS POSSIBLE FOR ALL FDU UNITS.


MT S -S Y S TE M AUTOMATED MELT TREATMENT IN ONE STEP

With the MTS (Metal Treatment Station) it is possible in one step, completely and automatically, to treat aluminium
CLEANING WITH THE MTS AND COVERAL GRI 2450
melts. During degassing, with the proven FDU technology (Foundry Degassing Unit), all required treatment materials, for
cleaning, modification and grain refining can be added at pre-set levels. Similarly, it is also possible to add treatment Mechanical properties of G-AlSi7 wa alloy following different
materials for the removal of sodium or calcium. In this way it is possible to add metallic materials such as master alloy treatment processes
or alloying metals, as well as reactive treatment materials in precise doses directly to the melt. 250 5

A5 Elongation at rupture in %
The MTS-System can be supplied with one or several independent material hoppers and dosing systems.

Rp 0,2 / Rm in N/mm2
200 4

150 3

MTS-System with 100 2


double dosing system
50 1
Rp 0,2
Advantages of
granulated powder Rm 0 0
Non Vacuum- MTS MTS
additions with treatment treatment treatment treatment
A5 4 mins 6 mins
the MTS:
- compact
- dust free
- smokeless GRAIN REFINEMENT WITH MTS AND NUCLEANT GRI 2850
- low addition rates
- non-temperature
dependent

Pure Aluminium 99.7; Addition of 0.05 % Addition of 0.08 %


unrefined NUCLEANT GRI 2850 NUCLEANT GRI 2850

MODIFICATION WITH THE MTS AND SIMODAL GRI 2750


°C 610 Thermal analysis of a AlSi 10 Mg Sample

600

590 V=6.2

580
T SO (unrefined) = 572.3°C
For the injection of metal treatment materials with the MTS, a special range of granulated products have 570
been developed. The following products are available:
560 T SO (refined) = 566.1°C
COVERAL GRI 2450 Granulated cleaner
550
NUCLEANT GRI 2850 Granulated grain refiner 0.0 1.5 3.0 4.5 mins
Modification with 0.15% addition of SIMODAL GRI 2750 at 720°C.
SIMODAL GRI 2750 Granulated modifier
F D U
OPTIONS TO MEET YOUR REQUIREMENTS

TEMPERATUR MEASUREMENT SYSTEM


System to measure and display the temperature
in Aluminium melts during treatment with the
FDU equipment.

IMMERSION CAGE
The distribution of the treatment material in the
melt is more effective than achieved using hand
addition. In many cases it is therefore possible
to save both time and energy.

„FORMIER“ GAS SYSTEM


ADVICE AND SERVICE
With the assistance of the Nitrogen Hydrogen
(NH) Coinjection System, all FDU machines can For a rationalised and improved melt treatment,
be equipped for the Gas Control System. Foseco is continually offering improved pro-
The NH gas programme includes: ducts and processes. Our service team would
be pleased to answer any further questions you
1. Pre-rinsing with nitrogen may have.
2. Gassing with up to 30% hydrogen
3. Rinsing with nitrogen

Foseco Foundry International, PO Box 5516, Tamworth, Staffordshire, England B78 3XQ
Phone: (0990) 34 55 43, Fax: (0990) 67 30 16 Please contact your local Foseco company.
*FOSECO, the logo, INSURAL, COVERAL, NUCLEANT are Trade Marks of the Foseco Group of Companies, used under licence.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system of any nature or transmitted in any form or by any means, including photocopying and recording, without the written permission of the copyright
holder. All statements, information and data contained herein are published as a guide and although believed to be accurate and reliable (having regard to the manufacturer's practical experience) neither the manufacturer, licensor, seller nor
publisher represents nor warrants, expressly or impliedly: (1) their accuracy/reliability, (2) that the use of the product(s) will not infringe third party rights, (3) that no further safety measures are required to meet local legislation. The seller is not
authorised to make representations nor contract on behalf of the manufacturer/licensor. All sales by the manufacturer/seller are based on their respective conditions of sale available on request. © Foseco International Limited 05/1999

FOSECO