Anda di halaman 1dari 35



`      
       
`   
Y

 
 !"!`# $ %!&!'!`$!(!#) `( `*!``!)'`+%


( `*!`(!*`,! (,' ,!%'%'


 `  $ -. /  '+%

%  0# 
  #12  23-


`+%  45 

 `
  '      `-3-


'  $- 6   `-3-


7(--3-


"`8 %'! (  -  ,-




$ )'!!%!$!`
Y

+Y 9  
Y 
 

Y 
  

Y 
 
  
Y !"#   
$%%%% 

&Y '( 

  ' 
 
%Y #   
)Y '"*
#   +"


,Y (

   '-(
.Y (  +
   /*
# *
# 
 
$Y    -
 ((  00"1( 

2Y 


##
#
Y 
# 
 34

#' 
34'
Y 
 
  (   

Y (  +
    3


&Y 5*
#

  (

##
#+*

%Y    5
' 

#
' 




c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 

+Y %  #--  

Y  
 
-
#
 
# 


* 

 # 
  

 6

Y 3  

Y -*
3  
   
# *  
3
#
*Y '6  
   5
#*
7Y      '

* 


Y  

3
#
3  ' 

# 
##
#
Y c 
7 3
#
*
 
#

(* 6
#
 *1
#
#* *
* 
 

 * 6
6Y     
* * "* 
#  


-
 
 -  
 * *    *   8 
 

## 
 
  *
#
   +
# 1   * 6 1 


#
# * *
 *  ' 
#
   
 * 
#   
 *   


#Y ! 33
#


#   

- ++*#
3
#
 

Y  # 3" #    
  

 

&Y *
 
Y -   *  *
#"*
#  
   
Y -
    

 

3   
Y -
   3

3    0 

Y -
 * *
  

 *9 *
+
# 
+
#

3   

+Y %  #- 
:0*-
.
5 --
/
p   
    
   
  






c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 
8+Y $--
    
Y 

8
$ 8 * 00 &0
Y  

  &0".0-5#   00:"

Y ( 
 
 &:"
  ' *
  )1);<

0Y 8 * 00 %
Y  

   0".0-5#   ,):"

Y ( 
 
 0:"
  ' *
  )1&;<

=  * 00 0 0
Y  

   0".0-5#   ,:"

Y ( 
 
 0:"
  ' *
  )1&;<

#=  * 00 . 0
Y  

   0",0-5#   ).:"

Y ( 
 
 0:"
  ' *
  )1,;<

Y 
 

Y 2
   ' 1  
 
Y 3       * 
 >2
Y '    

# 
9
#
+ 
Y =
3
   *
Y  
+#   *
Y (
3 *
* - 1 *
3*

Y '   
#
*
3 

 

# 
Y (
#   

Y (
# 


Y 2
  '    + 
Y +
   
#* 
## * 
*

# 

Y
+
#8  

Y (      



Y '     1 
3 
Y (7 35   1
##

7?
Y (
# 
* 
Y =    
Y 3    
Y ( 
#
  
Y ( 
   

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 
&Y (

#


Y 2
   ' 




Y *
# 
#     
  *
 
Y >
##


#
 
Y 3     
Y ( 
#
   
Y 

   

J Y 
 
Y 
##     *
##1
 
#1
##  *  
+ ##
#  * 
Y 
     
3
 

Y <     
Y - ##   
Y 2
**   ' 
Y 
**   # 
#
Y >
##
*7  
Y >
##


  
Y ( * 
 
+  

)Y ( 
 



 
Y 2
 :  ' 



Y ( 
 
    
 

* 
 

( 
Y <
     7
*  *  
Y !   2
3  
# 


Y -   *
3 
*
+ 



Y 
    
#

 *  
Y 4    
#

 *  
Y 
7    
#*
3
7 
Y / @
#   
#*
3 @
#
Y     
#*
3 
Y <**
#c
#   
37**
#6
# 

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 
,Y (
7 



 
 

Y #   '   


 
3

#
 
Y  
**  
2    A
( 7      # 
#
Y 

##
/
-  -  
"  
  

 




#  
9

#

#  21 
3
 

Y 
* 

/
   71
3 *

 
    
* 
Y ( 3
#
 
( *    3
#
  *   3
#
 
( * 
 * 
  
+1  *
+ 


 
   
(  
  
 

5    
 7 " "*
# 
3" "*
#




Y 2
#  :"

% 0:"

Y 2
38    
#*
38 
 
#
Y 2
3   
#+ 
##

   

Y 2
3+

#+




( 

Y <
   
#
37
*  * * 

Y !  2
3 
# 


Y -  *
3*
+ 
 

 (   

Y 
   '  

  # 



Y 3    
3 
Y -  *
3*
+ 


c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 
.Y < 8 


 

Y 
 <  

Y 2
 ' 6

7 

Y 2*  
7"
 7"
1# 
#
Y   
2" 7  * 
  
< 3 6B  

Y 
#

 "   
Y   
 "   
Y '
  
 "   *
#
 

( 

Y 77 " 7(   *


Y  
+#    *

( 

Y * 
+

#   * 
+

#



Y 2   
# * 2

Y 2   
# *   2

Y -  
#
3
$Y ( 36


Y 
# 
 <  
><'4"-" 4C&1-C)1 C%

Y +
#   +
#

Y 
   
   
Y (     
Y 
#  21 
* # 




0Y-7   
Y 3      
Y  6 
   # *#

* 



c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 
Y 
    &

#%
Y  " 3     
Y 
#  6- 
D- 2 *

Y "
 #

Y      
Y       
Y #    -

 
3

3
6 
+
Y /
    71   
 
Y  **
    # 
#
Y (  7      
3  7  

Y  

(

Y ( * 
    * 
  
Y 

   3
3 
* 

   
#
  

8+Y $  -   -
;
.!()/
i Y 
Y *
 
( 
   

+
# 
#
# 0
 
1   
#
   

*1
3
1 *
3
  

c 

 # 

6
  2

-

 

#
 

-

3
#3
# 6 


2
3
3

 0# " 






3
#3
# 6' + 
*

 +



Y 22% # 2% 7
Y ( * 
 - 
6 *
 
# 


* 1+# 
# 

 
##
#

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 
  
á Y 4

Y 2
# 72 
Y *

c 
  .90
/
    

#+ 
 
2   -
3
#
 " 
*Y ( * 
  3
# 6

Y 2
#* 22
Y *
    
c 
    
/
   < 
 
2    



 (

*Y ( * 
  3
# 6


[ Y D #
8
Y #
  #3
#  
+ ##
#
Y     #

 7  

 Y  

Y    00    
Y 2
#
  0& 0
Y 
#   +
#
#
Y     *
#
 
Y  3
# 

#

3
3
# 6
#
#

8+Y $ -
 

Y '  
#3
#

#"    #
Y D#
 3
#  ''    #' ' 

Y   
3   *7

#
 
#
3
# 73"
      31
#
 #
Y 2#


#  #'
#
# 

* * 3 
Y 2#

  #2
Y 
8+Y #-    

Y 
 

#
#
2  

3
 
#
 #

#

Y '     -


c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 
Y < "    < 
Y 2
#"    

#
Y 2
+"    

8+Y #-   #-  
Y 

+

*   3 %
Y  *
 #
 #
 

<+Y #-  $   -   

Y (   
    
3 3
#   
 * 
  
 
#

*1
+

3
#
*
3
#  
Y (  
    
  

3-

  


#

 +#
Y (  
  
#
 
#   
 
 
#
#

3 21     * 



 
#

#  


3

Y (  
= 












*Y (  
6 7 








c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 

7Y (  









=#
 

Y (  
    6* # 

Y >*
  #6  E3
8

   6  
##

   

<+Y $-    0=- 3  

Y 

 
   *  


Y ( (D0#:
Y  (D%0#:
Y Dc  (D%00#:
&Y 4:c # (D.0#"%:
%Y <  * :(D00#:
)Y -  37 *(D%00#:
,Y   
>  %0#
Y 
 
6   
#
6   :   #
  
Y 
  
33*  
 
#
3
3   



c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 
!`!)!(!'!


 
"!  
%% 
    -  c485
3


#"  "2  '5 &

&*    -   %000.00)
  -   i iJ[ 

='*+ 6=' =D*+ 6=D


  #-=-
   (  #-=-
  
# º luhan Pasin + laporan ºhasil obsrvasi, priksaan
º sipulan DS dan DO) .$ /
kluarga) fisik, laboratoriu, diagnostik)
    
$""0 Y 
 
#

3  Y /+ 
 
 
 3 
 3 
3-
3 
 *#
   
 * 
3  -  

#
 


3 

 +
3
(C
3 * * 
  6
6* 
* 6 
#   - 
+
# 


#

3 
FC
3 + 
*#


 9 
* 


31+ 
C
3 
 

 
 


* 



3 1
#
(C
3 
'C
3 &0
* * 
C
3 



* 6 
 + 
 * 
+
# 1FC
3 +

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 
'   9
Y  '#
 1C
3 

2(&0"$0-5# 
* 
(00:"
 

1'C
3 &
&:"
 01C
3 
 )1);< 


 +
Y 

#    
 * 
Y 
  +9+ '18'#
2(&0"$0
  
 *  


3 -5#1(00:"
1


#+
 &:"
1 )1);<1

Y >*
  #6  E 
#  
3
8

 
  +9
   6  
## +
* 

    


3

Y (  

#+

    6*
# 
    
0""0 Y (
 * 
#  Y 
    *
#
#
  6 6
  6 6

 

3
 G  +
   
3 
#
 
+ 
 #
 
+ 
 #



3 31  HG1  
3
3      3-
3 

3 **
3HG   Y 
 
+* - 
#
3

#+

 
3

#

#  



c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 

3 **
  
3 
#
   
3
3
#3
#+

3    3
#
+

3  
- (
* 
#


3
G 
+

331HG1
 
3 **
3HG
 
#+


1
 
 *
#
#
 

3
#


3
31

 
+*

3

#


3 **
  

33
#3
#
+

3

""0    
Y 

#   

 Y 
   ++ 
  
6 
  
6
* 

 
 * 
3 **
#
 3-
3 - 
# 
     6 3
# 
*
#
 Y 
*   
 
3
#
#*


c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 
Y 

#
  
 
#
7


6
#
#

#**
9*
   #
#
* 
3 

 
*   
#
3 Y 
 * 
3    
3 

 * 
3    -  

 
#   


 * 

 
 
# 

   *
#
1


#


#**
9*

*   
#
31

   ++
* 
3 *
*
#
1

*   

 
 
#

7  #
#

* 
31
 * 

3 * 
3

""0    
Y 

#
+  Y 
    *   9    
##7     
##7 
* +
+  
##  * +
 3-
3 - 

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 
   Y 
 *   6 3
# 
 '
+
#  
3
#
#*

Y 
  *    


6
#
#
*

#* +
 

  - 
Y 
     
   

#

* +
 
#
 7 + * +
+ 

3  9
3  
3  
## 
Y 
  #
# *   1 
  
*
9*
 
3 *  9  
 * +
 * +
1 * 
 
+
#
 1 * 
*

#* +
1  
 
 * +


#
7
3  9

3  
31  #
#
 * *
9
*
 
3 
* +







c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010 


 
 % `>!`!!"!`# $ %!&!'!`
 
 `  $ -. /  '+%

 %  0# 
  #12  23-

 `+%  45 

 '      `-3-

 `
 
'  $- 6   `-3-
7(--3-


"`8 %'! (  -  ,-




$ )'!!%!$!`


% `>!`!!"!`# $ %!&!'!`
` '   (?+#-=-
  
'6  #
-
     -
- %  
     
 $""0
3 
3-
3  3  Y '
3   


-  

# * 
# * 
#
Y +

1 1


 +
3   &
+ Y !
 6 6

1
6 
 6
6*  
#
 
# 

#

#


3  


3 **
3 
7

#   - 
  0 

#

#

3 *#
  
Y +
 
 

Y -
# 
  


c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010





* 


31 Y /+  


  dp  

3 
+ 
 
 

 

+
 brathing rcis Y !
 * 


3 1
#
(C
3      Y 2 
 3
#
3

3
  

* * * 6 Y (
   
  
 +
# 1FC
3  
#    
1 6   
+  9
3  
 Y !
 

3
1C
3 
 Y   Y -
   * 
 

*  

#
 
# 3



1'C
3 & Y !
  

01C
3 
  Y 2 
 *  
3 
3 O


 + 


 * '18'#
 
2(&0".0-5#1(
00:"
1&:"
1

 )1);<1

#
  
 
 +9+

* 


3


#+

      
 0"" 
  
##7  
  Y 
* *  



c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




3-
3 - 6    7  +
#
 Y (
#bdrail  Y -
+#  
6


3
# 
+3
#  

 
   



#*



   
 c Y


#
#

Y 
#
#
3
#* *
6
#
#

 6 Y 2 
#
3 
#

3
#

* 3

#
#
  - 
   7   * 33
#1 
  7  

#
+  
# 

7
1

* +
+  
## +
#

   

  1 
 7
 *
#


  *  9   Y 
+
 


Y 2  
* +

* +
1 *  *
#*   
 


 
+
#   
-


  
 1 *  
#
  

7  
*

#* +
1   Y 
+


Y (
##

*

 
 * +
 
##

*

 
#


#
7
3  9 3
#* 
 

#
#  7  

3  
31  #
# 
# *


 * *
9*
 * 


 
3 * +
 

# 3


Y 
+
 

Y * 
 
#

 #





#


c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010







9  

 
 
 
 * 6
#+
+
 

      
 ""0 
  Y 
  

  
8  

*    
# 
3-
3 - 6  
8 
6 Y 
 
#
6 
3
# 
3
# Y 4 

3
# 6 6  96 
3 **

#*



 
#
6 96 

#

 Y 3
# 
  
6
6
#
#

 
3 **
  




 
  
3 
   8
  
 Y !

7 #    

  -  
 Y 
+



6 
   



#   

*    *
#
Y 
   



 
 * 

 
 Y -

6
#
1
# 
   *
#
 Y 2

* # 
+
  
  1


1

#
 

#
*


 
#3
# 

#**
9*
  

#

 * 
## Y - 
6
#
*   
#
31
 Y = 
#

 *3
# 


   ++    

 

#
    


* 
3 **
#
  #1
##1

 # 
  *
1
*   * +


 Y -
# 
7  *
c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




 
 
   Y 2 

#
#
3
#  7 

  


#
+
 
  

##

 

#
7  #
#
  *
 
# 
* 
31
 *   

3 * 
3 # 3
 
Y 2 
 *9 *
 Y !



6
 
#

  
Y - 
6   3
# Y !
     
 
 
#



     
2 
 6 6

+ 
 -
+ 
 Y (
   


""0
 #
    #
    
3-
3 -       
3 Y 2 


 Y -

#

6 6   
* 

#


#
3
#  

 

#  
 


#
   
3 
# *

3
33
#  

#
3
3
   3
# Y *    
 Y -  8 


+

3  -    # Y 2 


   
3   
(
* 
#
# *
   
  
  


3
G +
 
#
   3
# 

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010





331HG1   


3
#
 

3 **
3HG 
3 

#+

1
 Y =
#
 

 Y 

#    
  *
#
#
   # 


# 3
#+

3

3
#
   3
#+

3

3
31
 


+* 
3


#

3 **

  
33
#3
#
+

3


c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




 
 >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`#) `





 `  $ -. /  %    

%  0# 
  #12  23-


`+%  ii 

 `
  '      `-3-


'  $- 6   4`-3-


7(--3-


"`8 %'! (  -  ,-




$ )'!!%!$!`

`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  
3 
3-
3   

#

3 *#

* 


3

-  

#
 

 +
3  6
 ,/+ 
 
 

3  
 $""0  6* #    (C
3 * * * 6 +
# 
- 

#

3 
FC
3 +  9 
*#

* 



31+ 
   C
3 
 
* 



c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  

 

3 1
#
(C ' C
3 &

#0

3 * *   C
3 


 + 
 * 
* 6 +
# 1FC '

3 +  9 Y  '#

 1C
3 
 2(&0"$0-5#

* 

1 (00:"

'C
3 &01C &:"


3 


 +  )1);<
 
 * '1 Y 

#  
8'#
2(&0".0-5#1( Y 
    +9 +   
 *  


3
00:"
1&:"
1 

#+

)1);<1

# Y >*
  #6  E3
8

 
  
   6  
##
   
 +9+
 Y (  
    6* # 
* 


3

!- *   

#+
 
$ 

 


Y +

1 11
6 
3 **

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  

3 
7
 
#
Y +
 
 
 dp brathing
rcis
Y 2 
 3
#
3
  
  
 
16   

Y -
  

# 3


Y 2 
 *  
3 

 
0.0- * 
 *

 %0-#:
0$&0-
#+

1 11
6 


3 **
3 
7
 
# 


* 



  
000- * 
 
3
 
  


00- 
   

 1  1  1


 

&%- * 
 *

3 
 
 

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  
 Dc    %00-# :1   %0-#

:

  0- * 
 
3
 
 

6  $0;

 &%-
#+
 
  *  
# : 7 

 


 
 

#

3 * 
#&
+


#01
, 

#
12(%".0-5#1(C.&:"
1
C0:"
1 )1);<1+ 


+
   
 *  
!-   *#

$
 8

+








c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  
  
##7 3-
3  
 

#
+ * +
+  
## 
- 6 3
# 
  

+3
#
#*




6
#
#
 , 


  - 

Y 
  *  9  * +


#
+ 
Y 
 *  '
+
# 
* +
+  
##
Y 
 * *

#* +

  1 
  
 ""0  *  9  * +
1
Y 
     
   * +
 
#
 7

3  9
3  
3
 *  

Y 
  #
# * *
9*
 
3
+
# 1 * 
 * +

*

#* +
1  
 
 * +

#
 !- *   

7
3  9
3  
31 $ 
  #
# * *
9  

*
 
3  Y (
#bdrail   


c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  
* +
 Y


#
#


#

3
#

* 33
#1 
# 

7
1+
#


   7
 *
#

Y 
+
 

*
#*   
  
#
  

Y 
+


##

*
3
#* 

 
# ** 


# 3

Y 
+
 
 #





9 
 #+
+

 
0,&0- 
#*    

0,&%-
3
#
*
9*
3
# 7  

<   


1  1 
 
* 
      


0$&04 

#
6 96 
3 **

  
8

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  
00-
#
+


*
#
  


* +
  
 
 


0%-
#
+



##

*


* +
 * 
 
#


* +


 0- 
   

 1  1  1


 

%0-


* +
9+
  
#*
#

 %-
#
+
 


 *  
#



 *
* +
+ 

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  
 
 
'C 

#
 
#  6 96 

3 **
  
6
DC 
 
+ 
6 96 
3 **

  
6
Y 
 



3*


C-   *#

(C
 8

+













c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  


 

  
8
Y 

#   

* 

 

3-
3 - 6 
# 
   *
#
 
3
# 
3
#
Y 

#

#**
 9*
* 

#*




  
#
3
6
#
#

 
  
3 
   , 
  -   

Y 
   ++* 
3 *

#   

* 
 ""0  

 

*
#

Y 
*   
 
 
#
7
# 
   *
#

  #
#
* 
3
1

#

Y 
 * 
3 * 
3 

#**
9*

*   
#
31
 !- *   
$ 
   ++
 

* 
3 **
#

Y 4 

#
6 
3 **
  
6
1
*  
Y 
+


  *
#*
 
 
   


c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  

#
7  #
#
 Y 2

* # 

#
*

 


* 
31
 *  
#



3 * 
3  Y = 
#
   

  #1
##1

* +

Y 2 

#
#
3
#


#
+



##

*
 
#

# 3

Y 2 
 *9 *
 
#


- 
6   3
# 
 
#



 

0.&%-
#
+


 
6* 


*
3 

00-
# * 8
9
8 

 1  1
  
  1
 

0-
#
+





#


*

 

#


c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  
 0-
 
*
9*


# *  
1


1
 

&0- * 
   

#
6 9
6 
3 **
  
6    

# 

#16 1
 0%-
# * 

#
6   
#


 * 
6    


 
4

' 

#
 * * 

* +
 

 

D 
 * * 

  

Y  
+ 

-   *#




(
 8

+


Y
Y
Y
Y

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  
 
 6 6

+ 

 
 #
  3-
3  Y (
 * 
#  

3
 G  +

3 31

- 
#
3
#  
 HG1 
3 **
3HG 
#+





#
   
3
, 
   3
#+

3
  - (
* 
# Y 
    *
#
#
   
3 
#



3
G +

3
3

331HG1  Y 
 
+* 
3

#

3 **

 ""0 
3 **
3HG  
  
33
#3
#+

3

#+

1

!- *   
  *
#
#
  $ 

3
#

3
31  


 
+*
Y 2 


  
* 

#

33
#

3

#

3 **

  
33
#3
#   

Y 2 


  
  

#
 
+

3
 3
# 


3
#

3
Y =
#
 

 # 


#  

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  
3
#+

3

 

)00-
#
+


 
6* 

 
#
#9
#*
* 

)0-
# 

#
   
3
31


6 1   #
  3
#+

3

) 0-
# * 8
9
8 

 1  1

  1
 

   ,%%- * 
 * 
 Dc    


#
 %00-# :1   %0-#:1

(   0-#:1#
+ 



 * 

3

 
4

' 

#
 *      
3 

  3
#+

3

c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010




`  @'+
` '   (?+#-=-
   >!'!'!`$ %# 9!`*!`
'  
D 
*
+ 

3 **1
6 1


3
3

Y  
 
+ 

   *3
#
 
3

-   *#




(
 8

+


c  
 
Clinical Nursing 2010