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Memiliki 4 DK

Langkah 2 Menyusun Matriks Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sb. Lokal


Matriks Kekakuan Elemen pada sumbu lokal

[Sm]1 s/d [Sm]6

Elemen 1

E = 200,000 Mpa
A = 5200 mm2
L = 4000 mm

260000.00 0 -260000.00 0
[Sm]1 0 0 0 0
-260000.00 0 260000.00 0
0 0 0 0
Langkah 3 Menyusun Matriks Transformasi [Tm]i dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen pada Sb.Global {km}i

cosα sin 0 0
[Tm] -sin cosα 0 0
0 0 cosα sin
0 0 -sin cosα

Elemen 1

cosα = 0 1
sinα = 0 0

1 0 0 0
[Tm]1 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1

1 0 0 0
(Tm) T 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1

1 2 3 4
260000.00 0 -260000.00 0 1
[km]1 0 0 0 0 2
-260000.00 0 260000.00 0 3
0 0 0 0 4
Langkah 4 Matriks Kekakuan Struktur

1 2 3 4
327288.96 -30364.16 -260000.00 0 1
[Ks] -30364.16 277903.37 0 0 2
-260000.00 0 327288.96 30364.16 3
0 0 30364.16 277903.37 4

Langkah 5 Menyusun Vektor Beban Ekivalen Pada Sumbu Global Akibat Beban Bentang

Elemen 1

γ = 76.98 KN/m3
q1 = γ.A1 = 0.400296 N/mm
q1.cosθ1 = 0.4 N/mm
q1.sinθ1 = 0.000000 N/mm

ql.sinθ
2 0 1
{Pom}1 = ql.cosθ = 800.59 2
2 0 3
ql.sinθ 0 4
2
ql.cosθ
2

0
{Pem}1 = -800.59
0
-800.59
Langkah 6 Mentranformasi Vektor Beban Ekivalen Akibat Beban Bentang Sumbu Global

Vektor beban ekivalen {Pes} = {Tm}T {Pem}

0 1
{Pes}1 -800.59 2
0 3
-800.59 4

Vektor beban ekivalen {Pes} = {Tm}T {Pem}

0 0
{Pes}2 -2475.76 0
0 1
-2475.76 2
Langkah 8 Vektor perpindahan struktur {Xs}

{Xs} = {Ks}-1.{Ps}

Case 1 beban bentang

0 mm 1
Xs -0.02 mm 2
0 mm 3
-0.02 mm 4

Case 2 beban nodal

-0.54 mm 1
Xs -0.49 mm 2
-0.4 mm 3
-0.39 mm 4

-0.54 mm 1
Xs total -0.51 mm 2
-0.39 mm 3
-0.41 mm 4
Langkah 9 Menghitung gaya-gaya dalam

Akibat Beban Sendiri

Elemen 1
0 1
X -0.02 2
0 3
-0.02 4

0 1
Δm -0.02 2
0 3
-0.02 4

Akibat Beban Nodal

Elemen 1

-0.54 1
X -0.49 2
-0.4 3
-0.39 4

-0.54 1
Δm -0.49 2
-0.4 3
-0.39 4
- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban bentang/berat sendiri

{Fm} = {Pom} + [Sm] . {Δm}

Elemen 1
0 -610.858 -610.858
{Fm} = 800.59 + 0 = 800.59
0 610.858 610.858
0 0 0

Elemen 2
2401.78 4224.085 6625.86
{Fm} = 600.44 + 0 = 600.44
2401.78 -4224.085 -1822.31
2401.78 0 2401.78

Elemen 3
2401.78 2725.625 5127.4
{Fm} = 1801.33 + 0 = 1801.33
2401.78 -2725.625 -323.85
2401.78 0 2401.78

Elemen 4
2401.78 2725.625 5127.401
{Fm} = -1801.33 + 0 = -1801.332
2401.78 -2725.625 -323.849
2401.78 0 2401.776

Elemen 5
2401.78 4224.085 6625.861
{Fm} = -600.44 + 0 = -600.444
2401.78 -4224.085 -1822.309
2401.78 0 2401.776
iliki 4 DK

Elemen 2

E = 200,000 Mpa
A = 7800 mm2
L = 8246 mm

189182.63 0 -189182.63 0
[Sm]2 0 0 0 0
-189182.63 0 189182.63 0
0 0 0 0
a Sb.Global {km}i

Elemen 2

cos Ѳ = 2/8.246 0.24


sin Ѳ = 8/8.246 0.97

0.242542 0.9701674 0 0
[Tm]2 -0.9701674 0.242542 0 0
0 0 0.242542 0.9701674
0 0 -0.9701674 0.242542

0 0 1 2
11128.960 44515.842 -11128.960 -44515.842
[km]2 44515.842 178063.367 -44515.842 -178063.367
-11128.960 -44515.842 11128.960 44515.842
-44515.842 -178063.367 44515.842 178063.367
Elemen 2

γ = 76.98
q1 = γ.A1 = 0.6004440
q1.cosθ1 = 0.15
q1.sinθ1 = 0.582531

ql.sinθ
2 2401.78 0
{Pom}2 = ql.cosθ = 600.44 0
2 2401.78 1
ql.sinθ 2401.78 2
2
ql.cosθ
2

-2401.78
{Pem}2 = -600.44
-2401.78
-600.44
Vektor beban ekivalen {Pes} = {Tm}T {Pem}

0 0
{Pes}3 -3002.22 0
0 3
-3002.22 4

Vektor beban ekivalen {Pes} = {Tm}T {Pem}

0 0
{Pes}4 -3002.22 0
0 1
-3002.22 2

Vektor beban ekivalen {Pes} = {Tm}T {Pem}

0 0
{Pes}5 -2475.76 0
0 3
-2475.76 4
Akibat Beban Sendiri

Elemen 2
0 0
X 0 0
0 1
-0.02 2

0 0
Δm 0 0
-0.02 1
0 2

Akibat Beban Nodal

Elemen 2

0 0
X = 0 0
-0.54 1
-0.49 2

0 0
Δm 0 0
-0.61 1
0.41 2
- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

{Fm} = [Sm] . {Δm}

Elemen 1
N
N -38388.738 N
N {Fm} = 0 N
N 38388.738 N
0 N

Elemen 2
N
N 115043.309 N
N {Fm} = 0 N
N -115043.309 N
0 N

Elemen 3
N
N 85485.922 N
N {Fm} = 0 N
N -85485.922 N
0 N

N
N Elemen 4 Elemen 5
N
N 10485.922 N
{Fm} = 0 N {Fm} =
-10485.922 N
0 N
N
N
N
N
0
0
1
2
53198.309 N
0 N
-53198.309 N
0 N
Elemen 3

E = 200,000 Mpa
A = 7800 mm2
L = 10000 mm

156000.00 0 -156000.00 0
[Sm]3 0 0 0 0
-156000.00 0 156000.00 0
0 0 0 0
Elemen 3

cos Ѳ = 6/10 0.600000


sin Ѳ = 8/10 0.800000

0.600000 0.8000000 0 0
[Tm]3 -0.8000000 0.600000 0 0
0 0 0.600000 0.8000000
0 0 -0.8000000 0.600000

0 0 3 4
56160.00 74880.00 -56160.00 -74880.00
[km]3 74880.00 99840.00 -74880.00 -99840.00
-56160.00 -74880.00 56160.00 74880.00
-74880.00 -99840.00 74880.00 99840.00
Elemen 3

γ = 76.98
q1 = γ.A1 = 0.6004440
q1.cosθ1 = 0.36
q1.sinθ1 = 0.480355

ql.sinθ
2 2401.78 0
{Pom}3 = ql.cosθ = 1801.33 0
2 2401.78 3
ql.sinθ 2401.78 4
2
ql.cosθ
2

-2401.78
{Pem}3 = -1801.33
-2401.78
-1801.33
Langkah 7 Merakit Vektor Beban Struktur {Ps}

Case 1 Akibat Beban Bentang

0 1 N
-6278.57 2 N
Ps1 0.00 3 N
-6278.57 4 N

Case 2 Akibat Beban Nodal (P)

-60000 1 N
-120000 2 N
Ps 2 0 3 N
-120000 4 N
Akibat Beban Sendiri

Elemen 3
0 0
0 0
0 3
-0.02 4

0 0
Δm 0 0
-0.02 3
-0.01 4

Akibat Beban Nodal

Elemen 3

0 0
X = 0 0
-0.4 3
-0.39 4

0 0
Δm 0 0
-0.55 3
0.08 4
Elemen 4

E = 200,000 Mpa
A = 7800 mm2
L = 10000 mm

156000.00 0 -156000.00
[Sm]4 0 0 0
-156000.00 0 156000.00
0 0 0
Elemen 4

cos Ѳ = 6/10 -0.600000


sin Ѳ = 8/10 0.800000

-0.600000 0.8000000 0
[Tm]4 -0.8000000 -0.600000 0
0 0 -0.600000
0 0 -0.8000000

0 0 1
0 56160.000 -74880.000 -56160.000
0 [km]4 -74880.000 99840.000 74880.000
3 -56160.000 74880.000 56160.000
4 74880.000 -99840.000 -74880.000
Elemen 4

γ = 76.98
q1 = γ.A1 = 0.6004440
q1.cosθ1 = -0.36
q1.sinθ1 = 0.480355

ql.sinθ
2 2401.78
{Pom}4 = ql.cosθ = -1801.33
2 2401.78
ql.sinθ 2401.78
2
ql.cosθ
2

-2401.78
{Pem}4 = 1801.33
-2401.78
1801.33
Akibat Beban Sendiri

Elemen 4
0 0
0 0
0 1
-0.02 2

0 0
Δm 0 0
-0.02 1
0.01 2

Akibat Beban Nodal

Elemen 4

0 0
X = 0 0
-0.54 1
-0.49 2

0 0
Δm 0 0
-0.07 1
0.73 2
Elemen 5

E = 200,000 Mpa
A = 7800 mm2
L = 8246 mm

0 189182.63 0
0 [Sm]5 0 0
0 -189182.63 0
0 0 0
Elemen 5

cosα = 2/8.246 -0.24


sinα = 8/8.246 0.97

0 0 1
0 [Tm]5 -1 0
0.8000000 0 0
-0.600000 0 0

2 0 0
74880.000 0 11128.960 -44515.842
-99840.000 0 [km]5 -44515.842 178063.367
-74880.000 1 -11128.960 44515.842
99840.000 2 44515.842 -178063.367
Elemen 5

γ = 76.98
q1 = γ.A1 = 0.6004440
q1.cosθ1 = -0.15
q1.sinθ1 = 0.582531

ql.sinθ
0 2
0 {Pom}5 = ql.cosθ =
1 2
2 ql.sinθ
2
ql.cosθ
2

-2401.78
{Pem}5 = 600.44
-2401.78
600.44
Akibat Beban Sendiri

Elemen 5
0 0
0 0
0 3
-0.02 4

0 0
Δm 0 0
-0.02 3
0 4

Akibat Beban Nodal

Elemen 5

0 0
X = 0 0
-0.4 3
-0.39 4

0 0
Δm 0 0
-0.28 3
0.48 4
-189182.63 0
0 0
189182.63 0
0 0
0 0
0 0
0 1
-1 0

3 4
-11128.960 44515.842 0
44515.842 -178063.367 0
11128.960 -44515.842 3
-44515.842 178063.367 4
2401.78 0
-600.44 0
2401.78 3
2401.78 4
Memiliki 6 DK

Langkah 2 Menyusun Matriks Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sb. Lokal


Matriks Kekakuan Elemen pada sumbu lokal

[Sm]1 s/d [Sm]6

Elemen 1

E = 200,000 Mpa
A = 5200 mm2
L = 6000 mm

173333.33 0 -173333.33 0
[Sm]1 0 0 0 0
-173333.33 0 173333.33 0
0 0 0 0
Langkah 3 Menyusun Matriks Transformasi [Tm]i dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen pada Sb.Global {km}i

cosα sin 0 0
[Tm] -sin cosα 0 0
0 0 cosα sin
0 0 -sin cosα

Elemen 1

cosα = 0 1
sinα = 180 0

1 0 0 0
[Tm]1 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1

0 0 1 2
173333.33 0 -173333.33 0 0
[km]1 0 0 0 0 0
-173333.33 0 173333.33 0 1
0 0 0 0 2
Langkah 4 Matriks Kekakuan Struktur

1 2 3 4 5
404099.864 -47860.997 -173333.333 0 0
[Ks] -47860.997 191884.165 0 0 0
-173333.333 0 251926.129 -65493.997 -78592.796
0 0 -65493.997 54578.330 65493.997
0 0 -78592.796 65493.997 309359.326
0 -152000.000 65493.997 -54578.330 -17632.999

Langkah 5 Menyusun Vektor Beban Ekivalen Pada Sumbu Global Akibat Beban Bentang

Elemen 1

γ = 76.98 KN/m3
q1 = γ.A1 = 0.400296 N/mm
q1.cosθ1 = 0.4 N/mm
q1.sinθ1 = 0.000000 N/mm

ql.sinθ
2 0 0
{Pom}1 = ql.cosθ = 1200.89 0
2 0 1
ql.sinθ 0 2
2
ql.cosθ
2

0
{Pem}1 = -1200.89
0
-1200.89
Langkah 6 Mentranformasi Vektor Beban Ekivalen Akibat Beban Bentang Sumbu Global

Vektor beban ekivalen {Pes} = {Tm}T {Pem} Vektor beban ekivalen {Pes} = {Tm}

0 0
{Pes}1 -1200.89 0 {Pes}4
0 1
-1200.89 2

Vektor beban ekivalen {Pes} = {Tm}T {Pem} Vektor beban ekivalen {Pes} = {Tm}

0 1
{Pes}2 -1200.89 2 {Pes}5
0 3
-1200.89 4

Vektor beban ekivalen {Pes} = {Tm}T {Pem} Vektor beban ekivalen {Pes} = {Tm}

0 0
{Pes}3 -1200.89 0 {Pes}6
0 5
-1200.89 6
Langkah 8 Vektor perpindahan struktur {Xs}

{Xs} = {Ks}-1.{Ps}

Case 1 beban bentang

-0.06 mm 1
Xs -0.21 mm 2
-0.08 mm 3
-0.44 mm 4
0.06 mm 5
-0.22 mm 6
Case 2 beban nodal

-0.35 mm 1
Xs -1.04 mm 2
-0.52 mm 3
-2.54 mm 4
0.35 mm 5
-1.04 mm 6

-0.4 mm 1
Xs total -1.26 mm 2
-0.6 mm 3
-2.98 mm 4
0.41 mm 5
-1.26 mm 6
Langkah 9 Menghitung gaya-gaya dalam

Akibat beban sendiri

Elemen 1 Elemen 2
0 0
X 0 0 X
-0.06 1
-0.21 2

0 0
Δm 0 0 Δm
-0.06 1
-0.21 2

Akibat beban nodal

Elemen 1 Elemen 2

0 0
X 0 0 X =
-0.35 1
-1.04 2

0 0
Δm 0 0 Δm
-0.35 1
-1.04 2
- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban bentang/berat sendiri

{Fm} = {Pom} + [Sm] . {Δm}

Elemen 1
0 10155.159 10155.159
{Fm} = 1200.89 + 0 = 1200.89
0 -10155.159 -10155.159
0 0 0

- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

{Fm} = [Sm] . {Δm}

Elemen 1

60000 N
{Fm} = 0 N
-60000 N
0 N
n pada Sb.Global {km}i
6
0 1
-152000.000 2
65493.997 3
-54578.330 4
-17632.999 5
246462.495 6
{Pes} = {Tm}T {Pem}

0 0
-1142.38 0
0 5
-1142.38 6

{Pes} = {Tm}T {Pem}

0 0
-1142.38 0
0 1
-1142.38 2

{Pes} = {Tm}T {Pem}

0 1
-731.31 2
0 5
-731.31 6
-0.06 1
-0.21 2
-0.08 3
-0.44 4

-0.06 1
-0.21 2
-0.08 3
-0.44 4

-0.35 1
-1.04 2
-0.6 3
-2.98 4

-0.35 1
-1.04 2
-0.6 3
-2.98 4
N
N
N
N
Elemen 2

E = 200,000 Mpa
A = 5200 mm2
L = 6000 mm

173333.33 0 -173333.33 0
[Sm]2 0 0 0 0
-173333.33 0 173333.33 0
0 0 0 0

Elemen 3

E = 200,000 Mpa
A = 5200 mm2
L = 6000 mm

173333.33 0 -173333.33 0
[Sm]3 0 0 0 0
-173333.33 0 173333.33 0
0 0 0 0
Elemen 2

cos Ѳ = 0 1
sin Ѳ = 180 0

1 0 0 0
[Tm]2 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1

1 2 3 4
173333.333 0 -173333.333 0
[km]2 0 0 0 0
-173333.333 0 173333.333 0
0 0 0 0
Elemen 2

γ = 76.98
q1 = γ.A1 = 0.4002960
q1.cosθ1 = 0.4
q1.sinθ1 = 0.000000

ql.sinθ
2 0 1
{Pom}2 = ql.cosθ = 1200.89 2
2 0 3
ql.sinθ 0 4
2
ql.cosθ
2

0
{Pem}2 = -1200.89
0
-1200.89
Vektor beban ekivalen {Pes} = {Tm}T {Pem}

0 3
{Pes}7 -1563.26 4
0 5
-1563.26 6

Langkah 7 Merakit Vektor Beban Struktur {Ps}

Case 1 Akibat Beban Bentang

0 1 N
-4275.47 2 N
Ps1 0.00 3 N
-2764.14 4 N
0 5 N
-4637.833 6 N

Case 2 Akibat Beban Nodal (P)

0 1 N
-25000 2 N
Ps 2 0 3 N
-25000 4 N
0 5 N
0 6 N
Akibat beban sendiri

Akibat beban nodal


- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban bentang/berat sendiri

Elemen 2
0 3316.973
{Fm} = 1200.89 + 0 =
0 -3316.973
0 0

- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

Elemen 2

43472.132 N
{Fm} = 0 N
-43472.132 N
0 N
1
2
3
4
3316.97 N
1200.89 N
-3316.97 N
0 N
Elemen 4

E = 200,000 Mpa
A = 3800 mm2
L = 7810 mm

97311.14 0 -97311.14 0
[Sm]4 0 0 0 0
-97311.14 0 97311.14 0
0 0 0 0

Elemen 5

E = 200,000 Mpa
A = 3800 mm2
L = 7810 mm

97311.14 0 -97311.14 0
[Sm]5 0 0 0 0
-97311.14 0 97311.14 0
0 0 0 0
Elemen 3

cos Ѳ = 1.000000
sin Ѳ = 0.000000

1 0 0 0
[Tm]3 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1

0 0 5 6
173333.333 0 -173333.333 0 0
[km]3 0 0 0 0 0
-173333.333 0 173333.333 0 5
0 0 0 0 6
Elemen 3

γ = 76.98
q1 = γ.A1 = 0.4002960
q1.cosθ1 = 0.4
q1.sinθ1 = 0.000000

ql.sinθ
2 0 0
{Pom}3 = ql.cosθ = 1200.89 0
2 0 5
ql.sinθ 0 6
2
ql.cosθ
2

0
{Pem}3 = -1200.89
0
-1200.89
Akibat beban sendiri

Elemen 3 Elemen 4
0 0 0
0 0 0
0.06 5 0.06
-0.22 6 -0.22

0 0 0
Δm 0 0 Δm 0
0.06 5 -0.1
-0.22 6 -0.21

Akibat beban nodal

Elemen 3 Elemen 4

0 0 0
X = 0 0 X = 0
0.35 5 0.35
-1.04 6 -1.04

0 0 0
Δm 0 0 Δm 0
0.35 5 -0.4
-1.04 6 -1.02
- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

Elemen 3
0 -10491.717 -10491.72
{Fm} = 1200.89 + 0 = 1200.89
0 10491.717 10491.72
0 0 0

- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

-60000 N
{Fm} = 0 N
60000 N
0 N
Elemen 6

E = 200,000 Mpa
A = 3800 mm2
L = 5000 mm

152000.00 0 -152000.00 0
[Sm]6 = 0 0 0 0
-152000.00 0 152000.00 0
0 0 0 0

Elemen 7

E = 200,000 Mpa
A = 5200 mm2
L = 7810 mm

133162.61 0 -133162.61 0
[Sm]7 0 0 0 0
-133162.61 0 133162.61 0
0 0 0 0
Elemen 4

cos Ѳ = 6/7.81 0.768246


sin Ѳ = 5/7.81 0.640205

0.76825 0.64020 0 0
[Tm]4 -0.64020 0.76825 0 0
0 0 0.76825 0.64020
0 0 -0.64020 0.76825

0 0 5 6
57433.197 47860.997 -57433.197 -47860.997 0
[km]4 47860.997 39884.165 -47860.997 -39884.165 0
-57433.197 -47860.997 57433.197 47860.997 5
-47860.997 -39884.165 47860.997 39884.165 6
Elemen 4

γ = 76.98
q1 = γ.A1= 0.2925240
q1.cosθ1 = 0.22
q1.sinθ1 = 0.187275

ql.sinθ
2 731.31 0
{Pom}4 = ql.cosθ = 877.57 0
2 731.31 5
ql.sinθ 731.31 6
2
ql.cosθ
2

-731.31
{Pem}4 = -877.57
-731.31
-877.57
Akibat beban sendiri

0
0
5
6

0
0
5
6

0
0
5
6

0
0
5
6
- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

Elemen 4
N 731.310 9339.125 10070.435
N {Fm} = 877.572 + 0 = 877.572
N 731.310 -9339.125 -8607.815
N 731.310 0 731.310

- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

39050 N
{Fm} = 0 N
-39050 N
0 N
N
N
N
N
Elemen 5

cosα = -6/7.81 -0.768246


sinα = 5/7.81 0.640205

-0.76825 0.64020 0 0
[Tm]5 -0.64020 -0.76825 0 0
0 0 -0.76825 0.64020
0 0 -0.64020 -0.76825

0 0 1 2
57433.197 -47860.997 -57433.197 47860.997 0
[km]5 -47860.997 39884.165 47860.997 -39884.165 0
-57433.197 47860.997 57433.197 -47860.997 1
47860.997 -39884.165 -47860.997 39884.165 2
Elemen 5

γ = 76.98
q1 = γ.A1 = 0.2925240
q1.cosθ1 = -0.22
q1.sinθ1 = 0.187275

ql.sinθ
2 731.31 0
{Pom}5 = ql.cosθ = -877.57 0
2 731.31 1
ql.sinθ 731.31 2
2
ql.cosθ
2

-731.31
{Pem}5 = 877.57
-731.31
877.57
Akibat beban sendiri

Elemen 5 Elemen 6
0 0 -0.06
0 0 -0.21
-0.06 1 0.06
-0.21 2 -0.22

0 0 -0.21
Δm 0 0 Δm 0.06
-0.09 1 -0.22
0.2 2 -0.06

Akibat beban nodal Akibat beban nodal

Elemen 5 Elemen 6

0 0 -0.35
X = 0 0 X = -1.04
-0.35 1 0.35
-1.04 2 -1.04

0 0 -1.04
Δm 0 0 Δm 0.35
-0.4 1 -1.04
1.02 2 -0.35
- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

Elemen 5
731.31 8901.04 9632.349
{Fm} = -877.57 + 0 = -877.572
731.31 -8901.04 -8169.729
731.31 0 731.310

- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

39050 N
{Fm} = 0 N
-39050 N
0 N
1
2
5
6

1
2
5
6

1
2
5
6

1
2
5
6
N
N
N
N
Elemen 6

cosα = 90 = 0
sinα = 90 = 1

0 1 0 0
[Tm]6 -1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1
0 0 -1 0

1 2 5 6
0 0 0 0
[km]6 0 152000.000 0 -152000.000
0 0 0 0
0 -152000.000 0 152000.000
Elemen 6

γ = 76.98
q1 = γ.A1 = 0.2925240
q1.cosθ1 = 0
q1.sinθ1 = 0.292524

ql.sinθ
2 731.31 1
{Pom}5 = ql.cosθ = 0 2
2 731.31 5
ql.sinθ 731.31 6
2
ql.cosθ
2

-731.31
{Pem}5 = 0
-731.31
0
Akibat beban sendiri
- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

Elemen 6
731.310 1423.02
{Fm} = 0 + 0 =
731.310 -1423.02
731.310 0

- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

0 N
{Fm} = 0 N
0 N
0 N
Elemen 7

cosα = -6/7.81 -0.768246


sinα = 5/7.81 0.640205

-0.76825 0.64020 0
[Tm]7 -0.64020 -0.76825 0
0 0 -0.76825
0 0 -0.64020

3 4 5
1 78592.796 -65493.997 -78592.796
2 [km]7 -65493.997 54578.330 65493.997
5 -78592.796 65493.997 78592.796
6 65493.997 -54578.330 -65493.997
Elemen 7

γ = 76.98
q1 = γ.A1 = 0.4002960
q1.cosθ1 = -0.31
q1.sinθ1 = 0.256271

ql.sinθ
2 1000.74
{Pom}5 = ql.cosθ = -1200.89
2 1000.74
ql.sinθ 1000.74
2
ql.cosθ
2

-1000.74
{Pem}5 = 1200.89
-1000.74
1200.89
Akibat beban sendiri

Elemen 7
-0.08 3
-0.44 4
0.06 5
-0.22 6

-0.22 3
Δm 0.39 4
-0.19 5
0.13 6

Akibat beban nodal

Elemen 7

-0.52 3
X = -2.54 4
0.35 5
-1.04 6

-1.23 3
Δm 2.28 4
-0.93 5
0.58 6
- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

Elemen 7
2154.33 N 1000.740 -4317.593
0 N {Fm} = -1200.888 + 0
-691.71 N 1000.740 4317.593
731.310 N 1000.740 0

- Vektor Gaya-Gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen akibat beban nodal

-39050 N
{Fm} = 0 N
39050 N
0 N
0
0
0.64020
-0.76825

6
65493.997 3
-54578.330 4
-65493.997 5
54578.330 6
3
4
5
6
-3316.85 N
= -1200.89 N
5318.33 N
1000.74 N
Solusi Perhitungan :
Tahap 1 : Menghitung derajat kebebasan
Derajat kebebasan = 6

Tahap 2 : Menyusun matrik kekakuan elemen pada sumbu lokal


Elemen 1 Elemen 2
E= 202565 Mpa E=
A= 5161.28 mm2 A=
L= 6096 mm L=

171505.03 0 -171505.03 0
0 0 0 0
[Sm] = -171505.03 0 171505.03 0 [Sm] =
0 0 0 0

Tahap 3 : Menyusun matrik transformasi [Tm] dan matrik kekauan elemen pada sumbu global

Elemen 1 Elemen 2
θ1 = 0 θ2 =
SIN θ1 = 0 SIN θ1 =
COS θ1 = 1 COS θ1 =

1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
[Tm] = 0 0 1 0 [Tm] =
0 0 0 1

Matriks Transformasi [Tm]T


Elemen 1 Elemen 2
1 0 0 0
[Tm]T = 0 1 0 0 [Tm]T =
0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1

Matriks Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sumbu Global [Km]


Elemen 1 Elemen 2
0 0 1 2
171505.03 0 -171505.03 0 0
[Km] = 0 0 0 0 0 [Km] =
-171505.03 0 171505.03 0 1
0 0 0 0 2

Tahap 4 : Menyusun matrik kekakuan struktur [Ks]

1 2 3 4 5 6
[Ks] = 402724.51 -59714.45 251129.23 -79624.2 310843.68 -139338.65 1
-59714.45 220500.42 -79624.2 79624.2 -139338.65 300124.61 2
-171505.03 0 251129.23 -79624.2 -79624.2 79624.2 3
0 0 -79624.2 79624.2 79624.2 -79624.2 4
0 0 -79624.2 79624.2 310843.68 -139338.65 5
0 -160785.97 79624.2 -79624.2 -139338.65 300124.61 6

0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
[Ks]-1 = 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0

Tahap 5 : Menyusun beban ekivalen akibat beban bentang


Elemen 1 Elemen 2
A = 5161.28 mm2 A =
γ = 76.98 KN/m3 γ =
q = 0.4 N/mm q =
q.lsinθ = 0 N/mm q.lsinθ =
q.lcosθ = 2422.03 N/mm q.lcosθ =

0N 0
1211.02 N 0
{Pom} = 0N 1 {Pom} =
1211.02 N 2

{Pem} = -{Pom}
0N 0
-1211.02 N 0
{Pem} = 0N 1 {Pem} =
-1211.02 N 2

Tahap 6 : Mentransformasi vektor beban ekivalen akibat beban bentang ke sumbu global {Pes}
1. AKIBAT BEBAN SENDIRI 2. AKIBAT BEBAN LOAD P (BEBAN NODAL)
-2340.61 N 1 0 N 1
-808.04 N 2 -111200 N 2
{Pes} = -922.28 N 3 {Pes} = 0 N 3
-288.73 N 4 -111200 N 4
-34.9 N 5 0 N 5
-1902.73 N 6 0 N 6

Langkah 7 : Menghitung vektor perpindahan struktur {Xs}


1. AKIBAT BEBAN SENDIRI 2. AKIBAT BEBAN LOAD P (BEBAN NODAL)

0 mm 1 -0.29 mm 1
0.01 mm 2 0.46 mm 2
{Xs} = -0.01 mm 3 {Xs} = -0.94 mm 3
-0.02 mm 4 -2.84 mm 4
0 mm 5 0.47 mm 5
-0.01 mm 6 -0.04 mm 6

Tahap 8 : Menghitung gaya - gaya dalam pada titik ujung elemen


{∆M} = [T].{X}
1. AKIBAT BEBAN SENDIRI
Elemen 1 Elemen 2
0 0
{Xs} = 0 0 {X} =
0 1
0.01 2

0 0
{∆m} = 0 0 {∆m} =
0 1
0.01 2

2. AKIBAT BEBAN LOAD P (BEBAN NODAL)


Elemen 1 Elemen 2
0 0
{X} = 0 0 {X} =
-0.29 1
0.46 2

0 0
{∆m} = 0 0 {∆m} =
-0.29 1
0.46 2

A. Vektor gaya-gaya dalam pada titik-titik ujung elemen akibat beban bentang atau berat sendiri
Elemen 1
0 644.02 644.02 N
{Fm} = 1211.02 + 0 = 1211.02 N {Fm} =
0 -644.02 -644.02 N
1211.02 0 1211.02 N

B. Vektor gaya - gaya dalam pada titik - titik akibat beban load P
Elemen 1
49335.97 N
{Fm} = 0 N {Fm} =
-49335.97 N
0 N
Elemen 3
202565 Mpa E= 202565 Mpa
5161.28 mm2 A= 5161.28 mm2
6096 mm L= 6096 mm

171505.03 0 -171505.03 0 171505.03 0 -171505.03 0


0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-171505.03 0 171505.03 0 [Sm] = -171505.03 0 171505.03 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Elemen 3
0 θ2 = 0
0 SIN θ1 = 0
1 COS θ1 = 1

1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0 [Tm] = 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1

Elemen 3
1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 [Tm]T = 0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1

Elemen 3
1 2 3 4 0 0 5 6
171505.03 0 -171505.03 0 1 171505.03 0 -171505.03 0 0
0 0 0 0 2 [Km] = 0 0 0 0 0
-171505.03 0 171505.03 0 3 -171505.03 0 171505.03 0 5
0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 6
Elemen 3
5161.28 mm2 A= 5161.28 mm2
76.98 KN/m3 γ= 76.98 KN/m3
0.4 N/mm q= 0.4 N/mm
0 N/mm q.lsinθ = 0 N/mm
2422.03 N/mm q.lcosθ = 2422.03 N/mm

0N 1 0N 0
1211.02 N 2 1211.02 N 0
0N 3 {Pom} = 0N 5
1211.02 N 4 1211.02 N 6

0N 1 0N 0
-1211.02 N 2 -1211.02 N 0
0N 3 {Pem} = 0N 5
-1211.02 N 4 -1211.02 N 6
Elemen 3
0 1 0 0
0.01 2 {X} = 0 0
-0.01 3 0 5
-0.02 4 -0.01 6

0 1 0 0
0.01 2 {∆m} = 0 0
-0.01 3 0 5
-0.02 4 -0.01 6

Elemen 3
-0.29 1 0 0
0.46 2 {X} = 0 0
-0.94 3 0.47 5
-2.84 4 -0.04 6

-0.29 1 0 0
0.46 2 {∆m} = 0 0
-0.94 3 0.47 5
-2.84 4 -0.04 6

0 1211.02 1211.02 N 0 62.23 62.23 N


1211.02 + 0 = 1211.02 N {Fm} = 1211.02 + 0 = 1211.02 N
0 -1211.02 -1211.02 N 0 -62.23 -62.23 N
1211.02 0 1211.02 N 1211.02 0 1211.02 N

111200 N -80650.63 N
0 N {Fm} = 0 N
-111200 N 80650.63 N
0 N 0 N
Elemen 4 Elemen 5
E= 202565 Mpa E= 202565 Mpa
A= 3870.96 mm2 A= 3870.96 mm2
L= 6565.59 mm L= 6565.59 mm

119428.82 0 -119428.82 0 119428.82 0


0 0 0 0 0 0
[Sm] = -119428.82 0 119428.82 0 [Sm] = -119428.82 0
0 0 0 0 0 0

Elemen 4 Elemen 5
θ2 = 315 θ2 = 135
SIN θ1 = -0.707107 SIN θ1 = 0.71
COS θ1 = 0.707107 COS θ1 = -0.707107

0.71 -0.71 0 0 -0.71 0.71


0.71 0.71 0 0 -0.71 -0.71
[Tm] = 0 0 0.71 -0.71 [Tm] = 0 0
0 0 0.71 0.71 0 0

0.71 0.71 0 0 -0.71 -0.71


[Tm]T = -0.71 0.71 0 0 [Tm]T = 0.71 -0.71
0 0 0.71 0.71 0 0
0 0 -0.71 0.71 0 0

Elemen 4 Elemen 5
0 0 5 6 0 0
59714.45 -59714.45 -59714.45 59714.45 0 59714.45 -59714.45
[Km] = -59714.45 59714.45 59714.45 -59714.45 0 [Km] = -59714.45 59714.45
-59714.45 59714.45 59714.45 -59714.45 5 -59714.45 59714.45
59714.45 -59714.45 -59714.45 59714.45 6 59714.45 -59714.45
Elemen 4 Elemen 5
A = 3870.96 mm2 A = 3870.96 mm2
γ = 76.98 KN/m3 γ = 76.98 KN/m3
q = 0.3 N/mm q = 0.3 N/mm
q.lsinθ = -1383.43 N/mm q.lsinθ = 1383.43 N/mm
q.lcosθ = 1383.43 N/mm q.lcosθ = -1383.43 N/mm

-691.71 N 0 691.71 N
691.71 N 0 -691.71 N
{Pom} = -691.71 N 5 {Pom} = 691.71 N
691.71 N 6 -691.71 N

691.71 N 0 -691.71 N
-691.71 N 0 691.71 N
{Pem} = 691.71 N 5 {Pem} = -691.71 N
-691.71 N 6 691.71 N
Elemen 4 Elemen 5
0 0 0 0
{X} = 0 0 {X} = 0 0
0 5 0 1
-0.01 6 0.01 2

0 0 0 0
{∆m} = 0 0 {∆m} = 0 0
0 5 0.01 1
0 6 0 2

Elemen 4 Elemen 5
0 0 0 0
{X} = 0 0 {X} = 0 0
0.47 5 -0.29 1
-0.04 6 0.46 2

0 0 0 0
{∆m} = 0 0 {∆m} = 0 0
0.36 5 0.53 1
0.3 6 -0.12 2

-691.71 -446.98 -1138.7 N 691.71


{Fm} = 691.71 + 0 = 691.71 N {Fm} = -691.71 +
-691.71 446.98 -244.73 N 691.71
691.71 0 691.71 N -691.71

-43203.32 -63161.78 N
{Fm} = 0 {Fm} = 0 N
43203.32 63161.78 N
0 0 N
Elemen 6
E= 202565 Mpa
A= 3870.96 mm2
L= 4876.8 mm

-119428.82 0 160785.97 0 -160785.97 0


0 0 0 0 0 0
119428.82 0 [Sm] = -160785.97 0 160785.97 0
0 0 0 0 0 0

Elemen 6
θ2 = 90
SIN θ1 = 1
COS θ1 = 0

0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 -1 0 0 0
-0.71 0.71 [Tm] = 0 0 0 1
-0.71 -0.71 0 0 -1 0

0 0 0 -1 0 0
0 0 [Tm]T = 1 0 0 0
-0.71 -0.71 0 0 0 -1
0.71 -0.71 0 0 1 0

Elemen 6
1 2 1 2 5 6
-59714.45 59714.45 0 0 0 0 0 1
59714.45 -59714.45 0 [Km] = 0 ### 0 -160785.97 2
59714.45 -59714.45 1 0 0 0 0 5
-59714.45 59714.45 2 0 ### 0 160785.97 6
Elemen 6
A= 3870.96 mm2
γ= 76.98 KN/m3
q= 0.3 N/mm
q.lsinθ = 1453.22 N/mm
q.lcosθ = 0 N/mm

0 726.61 N 1
0 0N 2
1 {Pom} = 726.61 N 5
2 0N 6

0 -726.61 N 1
0 0N 2
1 {Pem} = -726.61 N 5
2 0N 6
Elemen 6
0 1
{X} = 0.01 2
0 5
-0.01 6

0.01 1
{∆m} = 0 2
-0.01 5
0 6

Elemen 6
-0.29 1
{X} = 0.46 2
0.47 5
-0.04 6

0.46 1
{∆m} = 0.29 2
-0.04 5
-0.47 6

-824.49 -132.78 N 726.61 1875.4 2602.01 N


0 = -691.71 N {Fm} = 0 + 0 = 0 N
824.49 1516.21 N 726.61 -1875.4 -1148.79 N
0 -691.71 N 0 0 0 N

80650.63 N
{Fm} = 0 N
-80650.63 N
0 N
Elemen 7
E = 202565 Mpa
A = 5161.6 mm2
L = 6565.593 mm

159248.3 0 -159248.3 0
0 0 0 0
[Sm] = -159248.3 0 159248.3 0
0 0 0 0

Elemen 7
θ2 = 135
SIN θ1 = 0.71
COS θ1 = -0.71

-0.71 0.71 0 0
-0.71 -0.71 0 0
[Tm] = 0 0 -0.71 0.71
0 0 -0.71 -0.71

-0.71 -0.71 0 0
[Tm]T = 0.71 -0.71 0 0
0 0 -0.71 -0.71
0 0 0.71 -0.71

Elemen 7
3 4 5 6
79624.2 -79624.2 -79624.2 79624.2 3
[Km] = -79624.2 79624.2 79624.2 -79624.2 4
-79624.2 79624.2 79624.2 -79624.2 5
79624.2 -79624.2 -79624.2 79624.2 6
Elemen 7
A = 5161.28 mm2
γ = 76.98 KN/m3
q = 0.4 N/mm
q.lsinθ = 1844.57 N/mm
q.lcosθ = -1844.57 N/mm

922.28 N 1
-922.28 N 2
{Pom} = 922.28 N 3
-922.28 N 4

-922.28 N 1
922.28 N 2
{Pem} = -922.28 N 3
922.28 N 4
Elemen 7
-0.01 3
{X} = -0.02 4
0 5
-0.01 6

-0.01 3
{∆m} = 0.02 4
0 5
0 6

Elemen 7
-0.94 3
{X} = -2.84 4
0.47 5
-0.04 6

-1.35 3
{∆m} = 2.67 4
-0.36 5
-0.3 6

922.28 -408.33 513.95


{Fm} = -922.28 + 0 = -922.28
922.28 408.33 1330.61
-922.28 0 -922.28

-157260.5 N
{Fm} = 0 N
157260.5 N
0 N
Langkah 2
Elemen 1
B = 400 mm
H = 400 mm
A = B.H = 160000 mm2
I = 1/12.BH
= ### mm4
L = 4000 mm
E = 30000 Mpa
γ = 0.02 N/mm3

1200000 0 0 ### 0 0
0 12000 24000000 0 -12000 24000000
{Sm}1 = 0 24000000 ### 0 ### ###
1200000 0 0 1200000 0 0
0 -12000 -24000000 0 12000 -24000000
0 24000000 ### 0 ### ###

Langkah 3
Menyusun Matrik Transformasi {Tm} dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sumbu Global {Km}

Cos Ѳ = 90 0
Sin Ѳ = 90 1

0 1 0 0 0 0
-1 0 0 0 0 0
{Tm}1 = 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 -1 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

0 0 0 1 2 3
12000 0 -24000000 -12000 0 -24000000
0 1200000 0 0 -1200000 0
{Km}1 = ### 0 ### ### 0 ###
-12000 0 24000000 12000 0 24000000
0 1200000 0 0 1200000 0
### 0 ### ### 0 ###

Langkah 4
Matrik Kekakuan Kolom dan Balok
1 2 3 4 5 6
924000 0 0 -900000 0 0
0 2409000 22500000 0 -9000 22500000
0 22500000 ### 0 ### ###
900000 0 0 1824000 0 0
0 -9000 -22500000 0 2418000 0
0 22500000 ### 0 0 ###
0 0 0 900000 0 0
0 0 0 0 -9000 -22500000
{Ks} 0 0 0 0 22500000 ###
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 -12000 0 24000000
0 0 0 0 1200000 0
0 0 0 ### 0 ###
-12000 0 24000000 0 0 0
0 1200000 0 0 0 0
### 0 ### 0 0 0

Step 5
Menyusun Vektor Beban Eqivalen Pada Sumbu Global akibat Beban Bentang

F1
F2
[Pom] = F3 =
F4
F5
F6
Elemen 2
B = 300 mm
H = 500 mm
A = B.H = 150000 mm2
I = 1/12.BH= ### mm4
L = 5000 mm
E = 30000 Mpa
γ = 0.02 N/mm3

900000 0 0
0 9000 22500000
{Sm}2 = 0 22500000 ###
900000 0 0
0 -9000 -22500000
0 22500000 ###

Pada Sumbu Global {Km} Menyusun Matrik Transformasi {Tm} dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen Pada

Cos Ѳ = 0 1
Sin Ѳ = 0 0

1 0 0
0 1 0
{Tm}2 = 0 0 1
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0

1 2 3
0 900000 0 0
0 0 9000 22500000
0 {Km}2 = 0 22500000 ###
1 900000 0 0
2 0 -9000 -22500000
3 0 22500000 ###
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
-900000 0 0 0 0 0 -12000
0 -9000 22500000 0 0 0 0
0 ### ### 0 0 0 24000000
924000 0 0 -12000 0 -24000000 0
0 2409000 ### 0 -1200000 0 0
0 ### ### 24000000 0 ### 0
-12000 0 24000000 732000 0 24000000 -720000
0 1200000 0 0 1204608 11520000 0
### 0 ### 24000000 11520000 ### 0
0 0 0 720000 0 0 1452000
0 0 0 0 -4608 -11520000 0
0 0 0 0 11520000 ### 24000000
0 0 0 0 0 0 720000
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Elemen 3
B = 400
H = 400
A = B.H = 160000
I = 1/12.BH= 2.13E+09
L = 4000
E = 30000
γ = 0.02

-900000 0 0 1200000
0 -9000 22500000 0
0 -22500000 ### {Sm}3 = 0
900000 0 0 1200000
0 9000 -22500000 0
0 -22500000 ### 0

k Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sumbu Global {Km} Menyusun Matrik Transformasi {Tm}

Cos Ѳ = 90
Sin Ѳ = 90

0 0 0 0
0 0 0 -1
0 0 0 {Tm}3 = 0
1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0

4 5 6 0
-900000 0 0 1 12000
0 -9000 22500000 2 0
0 -22500000 ### 3 {Km}3 = -24000000
900000 0 0 4 -12000
0 9000 -22500000 5 0
0 -22500000 ### 6 -24000000
14 15 16 17 18
0 0 -12000 0 ### 1
0 0 0 ### 0 2
0 0 24000000 0 ### 3
0 -24000000 0 0 0 4
-1200000 0 0 0 0 5
0 ### 0 0 0 6
0 0 0 0 0 7
0 0 0 0 0 8
0 0 0 0 0 9
0 0 0 0 0 10
-4608 11520000 0 0 0 11
### ### 0 0 0 12
0 24000000 -720000 0 0 13
1209216 0 0 -4608 ### 14
0 ### 0 ### ### 15
0 0 732000 0 ### 16
-4608 -11520000 0 1204608 ### 17
11520000 ### 24000000 ### ### 18
mm
mm
mm2
mm4
mm
Mpa
N/mm3

0 0 -1200000 0 0
12000 24000000 0 -12000 24000000
24000000 ### 0 -24000000 ###
0 0 1200000 0 0
-12000 ### 0 12000 -24000000
24000000 ### 0 -24000000 ###

ik Transformasi {Tm} dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sumbu Global {Km}

0
1

1 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1 0
0 0 -1 0 0
0 0 0 0 1

0 0 4 5 6
0 ### -12000 0 -24000000 0
1200000 0 0 -1200000 0 0
0 ### 24000000 0 ### 0
0 24000000 12000 0 24000000 4
1200000 0 0 1200000 0 5
0 ### 24000000 0 ### 6
Elemen 4
B = 300 mm
H = 500 mm
A = B.H = 150000 mm2
I = 1/12.BH= 3.13E+09 mm4
L = 5000 mm
E = 30000 Mpa
γ = 0.02 N/mm3

900000 0 0 -900000 0 0
0 9000 ### 0 -9000 ###
{Sm}4 = 0 22500000 ### 0 -22500000 ###
900000 0 0 900000 0 0
0 -9000 ### 0 9000 ###
0 22500000 ### 0 -22500000 ###

Menyusun Matrik Transformasi {Tm} dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sumbu Global {Km}

Cos Ѳ = 0 1
Sin Ѳ = 0 0

1 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 0
{Tm}4 = 0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

4 5 6 7 8 9
900000 0 0 -900000 0 0
0 9000 ### 0 -9000 ###
{Km}4 = 0 22500000 ### 0 -22500000 ###
900000 0 0 900000 0 0
0 -9000 ### 0 9000 ###
0 22500000 ### 0 -22500000 ###
Elemen 5
B = 400 mm
H = 400 mm
A = B.H = 160000 mm2
I = 1/12.BH= 2.13E+09 mm4
L = 4000 mm
E = 30000 Mpa
γ = 0.02 N/mm3

1200000 0 0 -1200000
0 12000 24000000 0
{Sm}5 = 0 24000000 ### 0
1200000 0 0 1200000
0 -12000 ### 0
0 24000000 ### 0

a Sumbu Global {Km} Menyusun Matrik Transformasi {Tm} dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sum

Cos Ѳ = 90 0
Sin Ѳ = 90 1

0 1 0 0
-1 0 0 0
{Tm}5 = 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 -1
0 0 0 0

0 0 0 7
4 12000 0 ### -12000
5 0 1200000 0 0
6 {Km}5 = -24000000 0 ### 24000000
7 -12000 0 24000000 12000
8 0 1200000 0 0
9 -24000000 0 ### 24000000
Elemen 6
B = 400 mm
H = 400 mm
A = B.H = 160000 mm2
I = 1/12.BH= 2.13E+09 mm4
L = 4000 mm
E = 30000 Mpa
γ = 0.02 N/mm3

0 0 1200000 0
-12000 ### 0 12000
-24000000 ### {Sm}6 = 0 24000000
0 0 1200000 0
12000 ### 0 -12000
-24000000 ### 0 24000000

uan Elemen Pada Sumbu Global {Km} Menyusun Matrik Transformasi {Tm} dan Matrik Kek

Cos Ѳ = 90 0
Sin Ѳ = 90 1

0 0 0 1
0 0 -1 0
0 0 {Tm}6 = 0 0
1 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
0 1 0 0

8 9 7 8
0 ### 0 12000 0
-1200000 0 0 0 1200000
0 ### 0 {Km}6 = -24000000 0
0 ### 7 -12000 0
1200000 0 8 0 1200000
0 ### 9 -24000000 0
Elemen 7
B =
H =
A = B.H =
I = 1/12.BH=
L =
E =
γ =

0 -1200000 0 0
24000000 0 -12000 ###
### 0 -24000000 ### {Sm}7 =
0 1200000 0 0
### 0 12000 ###
### 0 -24000000 ###

m} dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sumbu Global {Km} Menyusun Matrik Transform

Cos Ѳ =
Sin Ѳ =

0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
1 0 0 0 {Tm}7 =
0 0 1 0
0 -1 0 0
0 0 0 1

9 10 11 12
### -12000 0 ### 7
0 0 -1200000 0 8
### 24000000 0 ### 9 {Km}7 =
24000000 12000 0 ### 10
0 0 1200000 0 11
### 24000000 0 ### 12
300 mm
400 mm
120000 mm2
1.60E+09 mm4
5000 mm
30000 Mpa
0.02 N/mm3

720000 0 0 -720000 0 0
0 4608 ### 0 -4608 ###
0 11520000 ### 0 -11520000 ###
720000 0 0 720000 0 0
0 -4608 ### 0 4608 ###
0 11520000 ### 0 -11520000 ###

yusun Matrik Transformasi {Tm} dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sumbu Global {Km}

0 1
0 0

1 0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 0 1

10 11 12 13 14 15
720000 0 0 -720000 0 0 10
0 4608 ### 0 -4608 ### 11
0 11520000 ### 0 -11520000 ### 12
720000 0 0 720000 0 0 13
0 -4608 ### 0 4608 ### 14
0 11520000 ### 0 -11520000 ### 15
Elemen 8
B = 400 mm
H = 400 mm
A = B.H = 160000 mm2
I = 1/12.BH= 2.13E+09 mm4
L = 4000 mm
E = 30000 Mpa
γ = 0.02 N/mm3

1200000 0 0 -1200000 0
0 12000 ### 0 -12000
{Sm}8 = 0 24000000 ### 0 -24000000
1200000 0 0 1200000 0
0 -12000 ### 0 12000
0 24000000 ### 0 -24000000

lobal {Km} Menyusun Matrik Transformasi {Tm} dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sumbu Glob

Cos Ѳ = 90 0
Sin Ѳ = 90 1

0 1 0 0 0
-1 0 0 0 0
{Tm}8 = 0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 1
0 0 0 -1 0
0 0 0 0 0

4 5 6 13 14
12000 0 ### -12000 0
0 1200000 0 0 -1200000
{Km}8 = -24000000 0 ### 24000000 0
-12000 0 ### 12000 0
0 1200000 0 0 1200000
-24000000 0 ### 24000000 0
Elemen 9
B = 300 mm
H = 400 mm
A = B.H = 120000 mm2
I = 1/12.BH= 1.60E+09 mm4
L = 5000 mm
E = 30000 Mpa
γ = 0.02 N/mm3

0 720000 0 0
### 0 4608 ###
### {Sm}7 = 0 11520000 ###
0 720000 0 0
### 0 -4608 ###
### 0 11520000 ###

n Pada Sumbu Global {Km} Menyusun Matrik Transformasi {Tm} dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen

Cos Ѳ = 0 1
Sin Ѳ = 0 0

0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0
0 {Tm}9 = 0 0 1
0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0
1 0 0 0

15 13 14 15
### 4 720000 0 0
0 5 0 4608 ###
### 6 {Km}9 = 0 11520000 ###
### 13 720000 0 0
0 14 0 -4608 ###
### 15 0 11520000 ###
Elemen 10
B = 400
H = 400
A = B.H = 160000
I = 1/12.BH= 2.13E+09
L = 4000
E = 30000
γ = 0.02

-720000 0 0 1200000
0 -4608 ### 0
0 -11520000 ### {Sm}10 = 0
720000 0 0 1200000
0 4608 ### 0
0 -11520000 ### 0

dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sumbu Global {Km} Menyusun Matrik Transformasi {Tm} dan

Cos Ѳ = 90
Sin Ѳ = 90

0 0 0 0
0 0 0 -1
0 0 0 {Tm}10 = 0
1 0 0 0
0 1 0 0
0 0 1 0

16 17 18 1
-720000 0 0 13 12000
0 -4608 ### 14 0
0 -11520000 ### 15 {Km}10 = -24000000
720000 0 0 16 -12000
0 4608 ### 17 0
0 -11520000 ### 18 -24000000
mm
mm
mm2
mm4
mm
Mpa
N/mm3

0 0 -1200000 0 0
12000 ### 0 -12000 ###
24000000 ### 0 -24000000 ###
0 0 1200000 0 0
-12000 ### 0 12000 ###
24000000 ### 0 -24000000 ###

Transformasi {Tm} dan Matrik Kekakuan Elemen Pada Sumbu Global {Km}

0
1

1 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 1 0 0 0
0 0 0 1 0
0 0 -1 0 0
0 0 0 0 1

2 3 16 17 18
0 ### -12000 0 ### 1
1200000 0 0 -1200000 0 2
0 ### 24000000 0 ### 3
0 ### 12000 0 ### 16
1200000 0 0 1200000 0 17
0 ### 24000000 0 ### 18