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Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering

EECB 423 DATA COMMUNICATION AND NETWORK


ANSWER SCHEMES TO TEST 2

Answer ALL questions in the provided space.


Duration: 45 minutes.

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS [25 MARKS]

Q1 Which of the following statement is true?

A. A router is faster than a switch. C. A switch separates broadcast


domains.
B. A switch forwards based on Layer 3. D. A router forwards broadcasts.

Q2 There are two PCs with the IP addresses of 200.11.10.222 and 202.22.9.0 respectively. The
PCs will be able to

A. communicate via a hub. C. communicate via a bridge.


B. communicate via a switch. D. communicate via a router.

Q3 A data link-layer protocol does the following when sending and receiving frames.

I. Error detection III. Flow control


II. Retransmission IV. Random access

A. I, II and III C. I, III and IV


B. I, II and IV D. All of the above

Q4
Ethernet
Token Ring
ATM

Those listed above are


A. protocols.
B. topologies.
C. centralized.
D. clients and servers.

JEJ010308 EECB 423 Data Communication and Network 1


Semester 2, Academic Year 2007/2008
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering

Q5 An error detection is done by

A. having the transmitting node set error-detection bits in the frames and having the
receiving node perform an error checking.
B. determining where errors have been introduced in the frame.
C. allowing some of the bits to be flipped to introduce errors.
D. randomly picking a bit from a frame to be checked.

Q6 Suppose node 222.222.222.220 wants to send a datagram that is IP-addressed to another node
on that LAN, it needs to

A. filter some datagram in the same LAN and update a filtering table.
B. query all the nodes to resolve the address in case of unavailable entry in the ARP table.
C. forward the datagram to all nodes if address is not available in the ARP table.
D. wait for some time to engage in forwarding datagram

Q7 Combination of Ethernet segments using different Ethernet technologies can be implemented


by using

I. bridges III. switches


II. routers IV. hubs

A. I and II C. I and III


B. II and III D. I only

Q8 Which of the following statements is not true on datagram structure?

A. Packets travelling across routers cause fragmentation.


B. Packets with variable size require longer time to be sent across the network.
C. Fixed-size packets guarantee most efficient delivery.
D. More processing time is necessary for variable-size packets.

Q9 Which is true on IP address?

A. An IP address identifies a specific computer.


B. An IP address identifies connection between router and a network.
C. An IP address identifies multiple connections to a router.
D. An IP address identifies multiple connections to physical networks.

JEJ010308 EECB 423 Data Communication and Network 2


Semester 2, Academic Year 2007/2008
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering

Q10 The following is true on OSI layers, except,

A. Physical layer corresponds to basic network hardware.


B. Internet layer specifies the format of packets sent across the internet.
C. Transport layer ensures reliable data transfer.
D. Application layer specifies how application uses an internet.

Q11 Which of the following statements are true about encapsulation?

I. The process of adding protocol header is called encapsulation.


II. Information is kept in the header for respective layer.
III. A network’s interface processes a datagram’s header.
IV. Encapsulation appends a trailer to datagram.

A. I, II and III C. I, III and IV


B. I, II and IV D. All of the above

Q12 Why do hosts on an Ethernet segment that experience a collision use a random delay before
attempting to transmit a frame?

A. A random delay is used to ensure a collision-free link.


B. A random delay value for each device is assigned by the manufacturer.
C. A standard delay value could not be agreed upon among networking device vendors.
D. A random delay helps prevent the stations from experiencing another collision
during the transmission.

Q13

Refer to the figure above. All hosts are in the listening mode. Host 1 and Host 4 both transmit
data at the same time. How do the hosts respond on the network?

A. The hub will block the port connected to Host 4 to prevent a collision.
B. After the end of the jam signal, a backoff algorithm will be launched.
C. Hosts 1 and 4 are assigned shorter backoff values to provide them priority to access the
media.

JEJ010308 EECB 423 Data Communication and Network 3


Semester 2, Academic Year 2007/2008
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering

D. Hosts 1 and 4 will operate at half duplex so no collision occurs.


Q14

The switch above is configured for full-duplex operation.

A. The switch buffers data before C. The switch boots up should collision
forwarding. occurs.
B. Only one device transmits at one time. D. The switch has the priority to send
data.

Q15 MAC address is most probably assigned to

A. PPP connection C. ATM


B. WAN link D. Ethernet interface

Q16 Which subnet mask would be assigned to the network address of 192.168.32.0 to provide 254
useable host addresses per subnetwork?

A. 255.255.0.0 C. 255.255.254.0
B. 255.255.255.0 D. 255.255.248.0

Q17 Which components will be manually assigned for its IP address?

I. PCs III. Web Server


II. DHCP server IV. E-mail server

A. I, II and III C. I, III and IV


B. II, III and IV D. All of the above

Q18 Why IP is considered as a best-effort service?

A. IP can detect lost packets.


B. IP ables to validates the content of the packets.
C. IP does not provide acknowledgement of the data delivery.
D. IP reorders the packet as they arrive at the destination host.

JEJ010308 EECB 423 Data Communication and Network 4


Semester 2, Academic Year 2007/2008
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering

Q19 What is characteristic of the operation of a Layer 2 switch?

A. Uses the destination MAC address to determine the specific interface to forward a
frame
B. During switch initialization, queries the devices on all interfaces to learn the MAC
addresses of the attached devices
C. Dynamically learns the interfaces to which all devices are attached based on IP address
D. Selectively drops packets that represent potential security risks

Q20 A new LAN considers installing either a hub or a switch. Which statement is true about the
devices?

A. The number of collisions on a LAN are the same whether a hub or a switch is used.
B. A switch provides more throughput to hosts on a LAN.
C. A hub reduces the number of collisions on a LAN.
D. A hub operates at Layer 2 of the OSI model.

Q21

Which segments can employ a full-duplex transmission?

I. Segment 1 III. Segment 3


II. Segment 2 IV. Segment 4

A. I, II and III C. I, III and IV


B. II, III and IV D. All of the above

JEJ010308 EECB 423 Data Communication and Network 5


Semester 2, Academic Year 2007/2008
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering

Q22

Refer to the exhibit. The switch and the hub have default configurations, and the switch has
built its CAM table. Which of the hosts will receive the data when workstation A sends a
unicast packet to workstation C?

A. Workstation A C. Workstation C
B. Workstation B D. A, B, C and E0

Q23 An administrator would like to connect ten workstations on a 192.168.0.0/24 network. The
device selected by the administrator must allow connectivity between hosts without sharing
bandwidth. Which device would be appropriate?

A. Hub C. Switch
B. Repeater D. Router

Q24 What will a bridge do if it receives a frame with a MAC address that is not within the table?

A. Forward the frame to all ports C. Forward the frame to next LAN
B. Discard the frame D. Create new entry in the table

Q25

Host A is communicating with host F. What happens to a frame sent from host A to host F as it
travels over the Ethernet segments?

A. The frame format is modified as it passes through each switch.


B. The frame format remains the same across each Ethernet segment.
C. The frame format is modified as the media speed changed at switch B and switch E.
D. The frame format is modified as the media material changes between copper and fiber at
switch C and switch D.

JEJ010308 EECB 423 Data Communication and Network 6


Semester 2, Academic Year 2007/2008