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KULIAH 4 - DISAGREGASI

KULIAH 4 - DISAGREGASI

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10/14/2010

Tujuan Pembelajaran PERENCANAAN AGREGAT (DISAGREGASI)
Kuliah 4 LSiPro – FT Untirta Muhammad Adha Ilhami

• Mahasiswa mampu menggunakan teknik disagregasi • Mahasiswa mampu menyusun Master Production Schedule (MPS) atau Jadwal Induk Produksi (JIP).

Muhammad Adha Ilhami

Muhammad Adha Ilhami

Definisi Kapasitas
• the rate of output from an OM system per unit of time • the rate at which the firm withdraws work from the system • Jumlah masukan sumberdaya-sumberdaya yang tersedia relatif untuk kebutuhan keluaran pada waktu tertentu. • Satuan unit : jumlah/waktu atau waktu/unit
Muhammad Adha Ilhami

Definisi Kapasitas Produksi
• In general, production capacity is the maximum production rate of an organization (or maximum conversion rate of a production system) in any given period. • Sustainable practical capacity is the greatest level of output that a plant can maintain: within the framework of a realistic work schedule taking account of normal downtime assuming sufficient availability of inputs to operate the machinery and equipment in place
Muhammad Adha Ilhami

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10/14/2010

Definisi Macam-Macam Kapasitas (1)
Design Capacity : tingkat keluaran per satuan untuk mana pabrik dirancang. Rated Capacity ; tingkat keluaran per satuan waktu yang menunjukkan bahwa fasilitas secara teoritik mempunyai kemampuan memproduksi. Standard capacity : tingkat keluaran per satuan waktu yang ditetapkan sebagai sasaran pengoperasian bagi manajemen, supervisi dan para operator mesin, dapat digunakan sebagai dasar bagi penyusunan anggaran.
Muhammad Adha Ilhami

Definisi Macam-Macam Kapasitas (2)
Actual dan atau operating capacity : tingkat keluaran rata-rata per satuan waktu selama periode waktu yang telah lewat = kapasitas standar ± cadangan-cadangan, penundaan, tingkat sisa nyata. Peak capacity : jumlah keluaran per satuan waktu yang dapat dicapai melalui maksimisasi keluaran dengan kerja lembur, menambah tenaga kerja, mengurangi jam istirahat dan sebagainya.
Muhammad Adha Ilhami

How a plant/system is organized
Level of output of a plant or system is dependent on how it is organized capacity in sequence: linear operations, is based on the operation with the lowest amount of capacity capacity in parallel: multiple alternative operations any machine can be used
Muhammad Adha Ilhami

Capacity in Sequence
capacity in sequence: linear operations, is based on the operation with the lowest amount of capacity. Contoh: Operasi 1 : 20 unit/jam Operasi 2 : 10 unit/jam Operasi 3 : 15 unit/jam Maka kapasitas sistem adalah 10 unit/jam
Muhammad Adha Ilhami

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10/14/2010

Capacity in Parallel
capacity that is based on the sum of the capacities of the various machines that make up the operation. Contoh: Operation 3 has 4 machines machine 1 - 90 pieces per minute machine 2 - 110 pieces per minute machine 3 -120 pieces per minute machine 4 - 80 pieces per minute Total capacity for operation 3 = 400 pieces/min

Definisi Work Center
• Section of a production facility where all task associated with a particular process (such as assembling, painting, welding) are performed. Sumber: http://www.businessdictionary.com/ definition/work-center.html#ixzz11xhyQTXS

Muhammad Adha Ilhami

Muhammad Adha Ilhami

Perhitungan Persentase (dengan nilai penjualan)
Periode Family X (hasil forecast 2010) Jan 200 Feb 250 Mar 400 Apr 210 Mei 450 Jun 255

Perhitungan Persentase (dengan nilai penjualan)
Perhitungan Persentase Harga Produk Periode Produk 100.00 Produk A A Demand 200.00 Produk B B Forecast 150.00 Produk C C Family X Jul Agu Sept Okt Nov Dec Total Persentase 0.27 0.34 0.39 10,000.00 8,000.00 6,500.00 18,000.00 9,000.00 15,000.00 66,500.00 16,000.00 13,000.00 10,000.00 20,000.00 10,000.00 16,000.00 85,000.00 18,000.00 17,250.00 12,750.00 18,000.00 15,000.00 16,500.00 97,500.00 44,000.00 38,250.00 29,250.00 56,000.00 34,000.00 47,500.00 249,000.00

Data Penjualan Terdahulu (2009) Periode Jul Agu Produk A 100.00 80.00 Demand Produk B 80.00 65.00 Forecast Produk C 120.00 115.00 Family X 300 260

Sept 65.00 50.00 85.00 200

Okt 180.00 100.00 120.00 400

Nov 90.00 50.00 100.00 240

Dec 150.00 80.00 110.00 340

Disagregasi Hasil Peramalan Periode Jan Family X Produk A Demand Forecast Produk B Produk C 200 53.41 68.27 78.31

Feb 250 66.77 85.34 97.89

Mar 400 106.83 136.55 156.63

Apr 210 56.08 71.69 82.23

Mei 450 120.18 153.61 176.20

Jun 255 68.10 87.05 99.85

Example : MPS Januari (Produk A) = 200 x 0,27 = 53,41 MPS Januari (Produk B) = 200 x 0,34 = 68,27 MPS Januari (Produk C) = 200 x 0,39 = 78,31
Muhammad Adha Ilhami Muhammad Adha Ilhami

3

10/14/2010

Disagregasi Menggunakan Teknik Persentase (dengan pertimbangan nilai conversion)
Data Penjualan Terdahulu Periode Jul Agu Produk A 100.00 80.00 Demand Produk B 80.00 65.00 Forecast Produk C 120.00 115.00 Family X 300 260
Perhitungan Persentase
Produk A B C Waktu Conversi Proses on 74.34 62.32 121.38 0.61 0.51 1.00 Periode Produk A Demand Produk B Forecast Produk C Family X Jul 61.25 41.07 120.00 222.32 Agu 49.00 33.37 115.00 197.37 Sept 39.81 25.67 85.00 150.48 Okt 110.24 51.34 120.00 281.59 Nov 55.12 25.67 100.00 180.79 Dec 91.87 41.07 110.00 242.94 Total 407.28 218.21 650.00 1,275.49 % 0.32 0.17 0.51

Disagregasi Menggunakan Teknik Persentase (dengan pertimbangan nilai conversion)
Disagregasi (Persentase dari nilai penjualan) Periode Jan Feb Family X 200 250 Produk A 63.86 79.83 Demand Produk B 34.22 42.77 Forecast Produk C 101.92 127.40 Mar 400 127.73 68.43 203.84 Apr 210 67.06 35.93 107.02 Mei 450 143.69 76.98 229.32 Jun 255 81.43 43.62 129.95

Sept 65.00 50.00 85.00 200

Okt 180.00 100.00 120.00 400

Nov 90.00 50.00 100.00 240

Dec 150.00 80.00 110.00 340

Example : MPS Januari (Produk A) = 200 x 0,32 = 63,86 MPS Januari (Produk B) = 200 x 0,17 = 34,22 MPS Januari (Produk C) = 200 x 0,51 = 101,92

Muhammad Adha Ilhami

Muhammad Adha Ilhami

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