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MID TERM EXAM

MATH 202 INTRODUCTIONS TO LINEAR ALGEBRA

Part B Answer three questions only. [30m]

1. Let X = and Y =

Solve;

a) 2X + 3Y [5m]

b) X*Y [5m]

0 1 2
A = 2 3 0
2. a) Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors for the matrix   [5m]

0 4 5

b) Show that T1(x1, x2, x3) = (2x1 + 3x2 - 7x3, 10x1 - 4x2 - 8x3, - 4x1 + x2) is matrix
transformation. [5m]

3. a) What is the C-1for the matrix C = [2m]

b) What is the matrix 7Z if Z = [2m]

c) If matrix

Show that;

a) A(BC) = (AB)C [3m]

b) A(B + C) = AB + AC [3m]
4. For the following matrices, find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors

i) [3m]

ii) [3m]

iii) [4m]

5. Let

Find;

a) T (u) [2m]

b) T (5u) [2m]

c) 5T (u) [2m]

d) Show that T (5u) = 5T (u) [4m]


Part A: Choose the correct answer [20m]

1. By convention, we consider [0.1 0.3] and to be the same.

2. The matrix has dimensions 2 × 3.

3. The matrices and are equal, since they differ in the last
column only, which is zero.

4. The following is matrix transformation?


T2(x1, x2, x3) = (2x1 + 3x2 - 7x3 + 1, 10x1 - 4x2 - 8x3, - 4x1 + x2 - 5)

5. The 2, 3 entry of is 1.

6. If Q = [1 2 0] and R = then the product RQ is

A. the scalar (or 1 × 1 matrix) −2

B. the matrix

C. not defined
D. none of the above

7. Suppose A and B are 5 × 5 matrices. What is (A + B)2 − (A − B) 2?


A. this expression doesn’t make sense
B. 4AB
C. 2AB + 2BA
D. none of the above
8. Which of the following are linear functions? Here y = f(x), where x is a 2-vector, and y is a 2-
vector.

I. y1 = (x1 − x2)/2, y2 = (x1 + x2)/2.


II. y1 = 1 − x1 + x2, y2 = x1.

A. Both I and II.


B. I but not II.
C. II but not I.
D. Neither is linear.

9. Which of the following is not a linear transformation from 3 to 3?

A. T(x, y, z) = (x, 2y, 3x - y)


B. T(x, y, z) = (x - y, 0, y - z)
C. T(x, y, z) = (0, 0, 0)
D. T(x, y, z) = (1, x, z)

10. Which of the following statements is not true?


A. If A is any n × m matrix, then the transformation T: defined by T(x) = Ax is always a linear
transformation.
B. If T: U → V is any linear transformation from U to V then T(xy) = T(x)T(y) for all vectors x
and y in U.
C. If T: U → V is any linear transformation from U to V then T(-x) = -T(x) for all vectors x in U.
D. If T: U → V is any linear transformation from U to V then T(0) = 0 in V for 0 in U.