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Dipublikasikan oleh Ahmad I. Hidayat

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Published by: Ahmad I. Hidayat on Feb 17, 2011
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BAB VI

PERENCANAAN PILAR JEMBATAN
6.1 Gambar Pilar Jembatan
6.2 Perhitungan Pembebanan
6.2.1 Beban Jembatan tia! gelagar in"u#$
Dari perhitungan statika sebelumnya pada perhitungan balok didapat :
a. A#ibat beban mati
Reaksi tumpuan akibat beban mati :
RA = 131184,61 kg
RB = 131184,61 kg
b. A#ibat beban hi"u! #en"araan %
Reaksi tumpuan akibat beban hidup :
RA = 184!3,"# kg
RB = 184!3,"# kg
&. A#ibat ga'a rem
$ = "%& '( ) *+
$ = "%& ''8,8# ) 1,6# & 3+& 1,"+
$ = 1,!#6 t
". A#ibat ga'a ge(e# !a"a tum!uan
$anya memperhatikan beban mati sa,a&
-umpuan gesekan antara karet dengan ba,a.beton , k = !,1" / !&18
$ = k 0 beban mati = !,11 0 131184,61 = ##3!1,3831 kg
6.) *tabilita( Pilar
6.).1 +,n"i(i 1 % Gelagar in"u# belum ter!a(ang
6.).1.1 Ga'a !enahan guling
Gaya Uraian Gaya
Gaya Vertikal
( kg)
Gaya Horisontal
( kg)
Lengan
ke titik Z
( m )
Momen
( kgm )
W1 0,4 x 1,5 x 9,9 x 500 14!50 ",5 519#5
W" $ x 0,! x 0,5 x 9,9 x 500 4950 4,9%%%# 45!5,01#
W4 $ x 0,! x 0,5 x 9,9 x 500 4950 ,0"""" 100%4,9!4
W 1 x 4 x 9,9 x 500 99000 ",5 "4%500
W5 ,4 x 1% x 9,9 x 500 950400 ",5 ""%400
W% $ x 1 x ," x 9,9 x 500 !4%,5 5,4%%%# 155595,09
W# $ x 1 x ," x 9,9 x 500 !4%,5 1,5"""" 4"%4,405
W! # x 1,0 x 9,9 x 500 1#"50 ",5 %0%"#5
&1 ,"! x ," x 9,9x 1!00 9#54%,%! 5,!5 5#0%4!,0!
& ,"! x ," x 9,9x 1!00 9#54%,%! 1,15 111#!,%!
&" $ x 1 x ," x 9,9 x 1!00 049" 0,#%%%#
15#11,"%!
&4 $ x 1 x ," x 9,9 x 1!00 049" %,""""
1##"9,%"
'1 ," x 5 x 9,9 x 1000 11"!50 5,!5
%%%0,5
' ," x 5 x 9,9 x 1000 11"!50 1,15
1"09#,5
Total 1#%!104,4 %1!!"%5,"
6.).1.2 Ga'a !en'ebab guling
Ga'a -raian Ga'a .erti#al
#g$
Ga'a h,ri(,ntal
#g$
Lengan
m$
M,men
#gm$
()*li+t # x 9,"! x 9,9 x 1000 %500"4 ",5 #5119
jmlh 650034 0 2275119
6.).1.) +,ntr,l (tabilita(
*tabilita( Terha"a! Guling
2a3ety 4a5tor ' 24 + =
G
T
M
M
6 1," untuk kondisi normal
dimana :
7- = %1!!"%5," kgm
78 = 22/0111 kgm
maka :
24 =
#5119
%1!!"%5,"
=
G
T
M
M
= #,1# 6 1," 99999999999&&' :; +
6.).2 +,n"i(i 2 % Gelagar in"u# (u"ah ter!a(ang
Akibat pemasangan gelagar induk maka pada pilar akan terdapat reaksi dari
beban mati balok induk dan beban kendaraan pada balok induk
6.).2.1 Ga'a !enahan guling
Gaya Uraian Gaya
Gaya Vertikal
( kg)
Gaya Horisontal
( kg)
Lengan
ke titik Z
( m )
Momen
( kgm )
W1 0,4 x 1,5 x 9,9 x 500 14!50 ",5 519#5
W" $ x 0,! x 0,5 x 9,9 x 500 4950 4,9%%%# 45!5,01#
W4 $ x 0,! x 0,5 x 9,9 x 500 4950 ,0"""" 100%4,9!4
W 1 x 4 x 9,9 x 500 99000 ",5 "4%500
W5 ,4 x 1% x 9,9 x 500 950400 ",5 ""%400
W% $ x 1 x ," x 9,9 x 500 !4%,5 5,4%%%# 155595,09
W# $ x 1 x ," x 9,9 x 500 !4%,5 1,5"""" 4"%4,405
W! # x 1,0 x 9,9 x 500 1#"50 ",5 %0%"#5
&1 ,"! x ," x 9,9x 1!00 9#54%,%! 5,!5 5#0%4!,0!
& ,"! x ," x 9,9x 1!00 9#54%,%! 1,15 111#!,%!
&" $ x 1 x ," x 9,9 x 1!00 049" 0,#%%%#
15#11,"%!
&4 $ x 1 x ," x 9,9 x 1!00 049" %,""""
1##"9,%"
'1 ," x 5 x 9,9 x 1000 11"!50 5,!5
%%%0,5
' ," x 5 x 9,9 x 1000 11"!50 1,15
1"09#,5
,1 1"11!4,%1-1!940",5 "05!!,1" 4,# 150%#%4,11
, 1"11!4,%1-1!940",5 "05!!,1" ," #"#"5,%99
Total 409!0,%% !4"4!,1
6.).2.2 Ga'a !en'ebab guling
Ga'a -raian Ga'a .erti#al
#g$
Ga'a h,ri(,ntal
#g$
Lengan
m$
M,men
#gm$
()*li+t # x 9,"! x 9,9 x 1000 %500"4 ",5 #5119
jmlh 650034 0 2275119
6.).2.) +,ntr,l (tabilita(
*tabilita( Terha"a! Guling
2a3ety 4a5tor ' 24 + =
G
T
M
M
6 1," untuk kondisi normal
dimana :
7- = !4"4!,1 kgm
78 = #5119 kgm
maka :
24 =
#5119
!4"4!,1
=
G
T
M
M
= 3,11 6 1," 99999999999&&' :; +
Penulangan Pilar
.*esi+ikasi material /
o M)t) 0eton / 5 M(a
o M)t) 0a1a t)langan / "00 M(a
1. Penulangan Bagian I
Pembebanan :
W1 2 0,4 x 1,5x 500 2 1500 kg
L1 2 0,
Momen /
M 2 0, x 1500
2 "00 kgm 2 " k3m
Penulangan
o M) 2 1, x " k3m2 ",% k3m
o +45 2 5 M(a
o +y 2 "00 M(a
o 6 2 400 mm
o 7itin1a) tia* *ias 1 m 2 1000 mm
0,00"""
"00
1
+
1
8
y
min
= = =








+
=
fy fy %00
%00
!5 , 0
4 0,!59+:
#5 , 0 8
max
2 





+"00 %00
%00
!5 , 0
"00
5 0,!59
#5 , 0
2 0,0"01
7iren4anakan memakai t)langan ;19 7engan selim)t 0eton #5 mm, maka tinggi e+ekti+
/
7 2 400 < #5 < $ 9 19 2 "15,5 mm
0,4 m
1,5 m
,n 2

%

5 , "15 1000 ! , 0
10 ",%
! , 0 × ×
×
=
bd
Mu
2 0,0454
,1 14
5 9 0,!5
"00
4 0,!59+:
+
m
y
= = =
0001515 , 0
"00
0,0454 9 914,1
= 1 = 1
14,1
1
+
, m
= 1 = 1
m
1
8
y
n
=








=








=
8
min
2 0,00""
8
max
2 0,0"01
7ig)nakan 8
min
2 0,00""
 Kebutuhan tulangan tiap 1 meter lebar
's 2 07 2 0,00""" x 1000 x "15,5 2 1050,%15 mm

's5 2 0> 's 2 0, x 1050,%15 210,1" mm

'
s)s)t
2 0,00 07 2 0,00 x 1000 x "15,5 2 %"1 mm

Pemakaian tulangan :
&)langan tarik )tama / ;19 < 50 's 2 1150 mm

&)langan tekan / ;10 < 50 's 2 !5 mm

&)langan 0agi / ;10 < 100 's 2 #1" mm

2. Penulangan Bagian II
?
?
?
?
?
?
Pembebanan :
(
1
2 "05!!,1" kg
(

2 "05!!,1" kg
W
1
2 0,4 x 1,5 x 500 2 1500 kg
W

2 4 x 1 x 500 2 10000 kg
W
"
2 $ (4-,4) x 0,5 x 500 2 4000 kg
&egangan Momen /
M 2 "05!!,1"(,4) - 1500(1,) - 10000(1,) - 4000(1,)
2 #!!011,51 kgm 2 #!!0,1151 k3m
Penulangan
o M) 2 1, x #!!0,1151 k3m 2 945%,14 k3m
o +45 2 5 M(a
o +y 2 "00 M(a
o 6 2 4000 mm
o 7itin1a) tia* *ias 1 m 2 1000 mm
7iren4anakan memakai t)langan ;" 7engan selim)t 0eton #5 mm, maka tinggi e+ekti+
/
7 2 4000 < #5 < $ 9 " 2 "909 mm
0,%1
909 0,!910009"
945%,14910
9097
M
097
M
,

%

)

n
n
= =

= =
,1 14
5 9 0,!5
"00
4 0,!59+:
+
m
y
= = =
000% , 0
"00
0,%1 9 914,1
= 1 = 1
14,1
1
+
, m
= 1 = 1
m
1
8
y
n
=








=








=
8
min
2 0,00"""
8
max
2 0,0"01
7ig)nakan 8
min
2 0,00"""
 Kebutuhan tulangan tiap 1 meter lebar
's 2 07 2 0,00""" x 1000 x "909 2 1"01%,9# mm

's5 2 0> 's 2 0, x 1"01%,9# 2 %0","94 mm

'
s)s)t
2 0,00 07 2 0,00 x 1000 x "909 2 #!1! mm

Pemakaian tulangan :
&)langan tarik )tama / ;" < 100 's 2 #940 mm

( la*is )
&)langan tekan / ;19 < 100 's 2 !#0 mm

&)langan 0agi / ;" < 100 's 2 #940 mm

3. Penulangan Bagian III
(em0e0anan /
(
1
2 "05!!,1" kg
(

2 "05!!,1" kg
W
1
2 0,4 x 1,5 x 500 2 1500 kg
W

2 4 x 1 x 500 2 10000 kg
W
"
2 $ (4-,4) x 0,5 x 500 2 4000 kg
W
4
2 ,4 x 14,5 x 500 2 !#000 kg
∑ 0erat sen7iri 2 10500 kg
H 2 Hrem - Hgesekan
2 10% - "01,"!"#
2 ""#,"!"# kg
Gaya gem*a (G) 2 0,05 x 10500 2 515
&egangan Momen /
M 2 "05!!,1" x 4,# - (1500 x 1,) - (10000 x 1,) - (4000 x 1,) - (!#000 x 1,) =
(""#,"!"# x 1#,5) = (515 x 15,5)
2 11409#,49% kgm 2 1140,9#5 k3m
Penulangan
o M) 2 1, x 1140,9#5 2 1"#05,1# k3m
o +45 2 5 M(a
o +y 2 "00 M(a
o 6 2 400 mm
o 7itin1a) tia* *ias 1 m 2 1000 mm
7iren4anakan memakai t)langan ;" 7engan selim)t 0eton #5 mm, maka tinggi e+ekti+
/
7 2 400 < #5 < $ 9 " 2 "09 mm
,n 2

%

"09 1000 ! , 0
0 1"#05,1#91
! , 0 × ×
=
bd
Mu
2 ",1 M(a
,1 14
5 9 0,!5
"00
4 0,!59+:
+
m
y
= = =
01 , 0
"00
",1 9 914,1
= 1 = 1
14,1
1
+
, m
= 1 = 1
m
1
8
y
n
=








=








=
8
min
2 0,00"""
8
max
2 0,0"01
7ig)nakan 8

2 0,01
 Kebutuhan tulangan tiap 1 meter lebar
's 2 07 2 0,01 x 1000 x "09 2 ##0! mm

's5 2 0> 's 2 0, x ##0! 2 5541,% mm

'
s)s)t
2 0,00 07 2 0,00 x 1000 x "09 2 4%1! mm

Pemakaian tulangan :
&)langan tarik )tama / ;" < 100 's 2 #940 mm

( 4 la*is )
&)langan tekan / ;" < 140 's 2 5%#0 mm

&)langan .)s)t / ;" < 1%0 's 2 49%0 mm

4. Penulangan Bagian Daar !butment
(er6it)ngan titik tangka* gaya @ertikal ter6a7a* titik Z /
a. "omen #enahan guling
Gaya Uraian Gaya
Gaya Vertikal
( kg)
Gaya Horisontal
( kg)
Lengan
ke titik Z
( m )
Momen
( kgm )
W1 0,4 x 1,5 x 9,9 x 500 14!50 ",5 519#5
W" $ x 0,! x 0,5 x 9,9 x 500 4950 4,9%%%# 45!5,01#
W4 $ x 0,! x 0,5 x 9,9 x 500 4950 ,0"""" 100%4,9!4
W 1 x 4 x 9,9 x 500 99000 ",5 "4%500
W5 ,4 x 1% x 9,9 x 500 950400 ",5 ""%400
W% $ x 1 x ," x 9,9 x 500 !4%,5 5,4%%%# 155595,09
W# $ x 1 x ," x 9,9 x 500 !4%,5 1,5"""" 4"%4,405
W! # x 1,0 x 9,9 x 500 1#"50 ",5 %0%"#5
&1 ,"! x ," x 9,9x 1!00 9#54%,%! 5,!5 5#0%4!,0!
& ,"! x ," x 9,9x 1!00 9#54%,%! 1,15 111#!,%!
&" $ x 1 x ," x 9,9 x 1!00 049" 0,#%%%#
15#11,"%!
&4 $ x 1 x ," x 9,9 x 1!00 049" %,""""
1##"9,%"
'1 ," x 5 x 9,9 x 1000 11"!50 5,!5
%%%0,5
' ," x 5 x 9,9 x 1000 11"!50 1,15
1"09#,5
,1 1"11!4,%1-1!940",5 "05!!,1" 4,# 150%#%4,11
, 1"11!4,%1-1!940",5 "05!!,1" ," #"#"5,%99
Total 409!0,%% !4"4!,1
b. Ga'a !en'ebab guling
Ga'a -raian Ga'a .erti#al
#g$
Ga'a h,ri(,ntal
#g$
Lengan
m$
M,men
#gm$
()*li+t # x 9,"! x 9,9 x 1000 %500"4 ",5 #5119
jmlh 650034 0 2275119
s 2
%500"4) = % (409!0,%
#5119) = 1 (!4"4!,
2 ",5 m
e 2 $ A < s
2 $ (#) < ",5
2 0 m
Penulangan
;iketa6)i 7ata se0agai 0erik)t /
 M)2 1, x %15#",%" k3m 2 #"!!!,"% k3m
 +45 2 5 M(a
 +y 2 "00 M(a
 6 2 #000 mm
 7itin1a) tia* *ias 1 m 2 1000 mm
7iren4anakan memakai t)langan ;" 7engan te0al selim)t 0eton #5 mm, maka tinggi
e+ekti+ /
7 2 #000 < #5 < $ 9 " 2 %909 mm
,n 2

%

%909 1000 ! , 0
10 #"!!!,"%
! , 0 × ×
×
=
bd
Mu
2 1,9"5 M*a
,1 14
5 9 0,!5
"00
4 0,!59+:
+
m
y
= = =
00## , 0
"00
1,9"5 9 914,1
= 1 = 1
14,1
1
+
, m
= 1 = 1
m
1
8
y
n
=








=








=
8
min
2 0,00"""
8
max
2 0,0"01
7ig)nakan 8

2 0,00"""
 Kebutuhan tulangan tiap 1 meter lebar
's 2 07 2 0,00""" x 1000 x %909 2 "00%,9# mm

's5 2 0> 's 2 0, x "00%,9# 2 4%01,"94 mm

's)s)t 2 0,00 07 2 0,00 x 1000 x %909 2 1"!1! mm

Pemakaian tulangan :
&)langan tarik )tama / ;" < 100 's 2 #940 mm

( " la*is )
&)langan tekan / ;" < 1%0 's 2 49%0 mm

&)langan .)s)t / ;" < 100 's 2 #940 mm

( la*is )

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