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Poltekkes Kemenkes NAD

Jurusan Kesehatan Gigi


Prodi D-IV Kesehatan Gigi Komunitas
Studi Kasus, Desember 2010

Bukhari
PO7125 109 003

ANALISIS PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM UKGS DITINJAU DARI


BERBAGAI FAKTOR PENYEBAB DI WILAYAH KERJA
PUSKESMAS LHOKSUKON KABUPATEN
ACEH UTARA TAHUN 2010

ix + 32 halaman + 4 tabel + 7 lampiran

ABSTRAK
Program UKGS merupakan program yang strategis untuk meningkatkan derajat
kesehatan gigi murid sekolah. Keberhasilan program UKGS ditentukan oleh cakupan
pelayanan UKGS dan status kesehatan gigi dan mulut murid. Indikator cakupan
pelayanan UKGS adalah 100% SD/MI melaksanakan penyuluhan kesehatan gigi dan
80% SD/MI melaksanakan sikat gigi massal. Indikator status kesehatan gigi murid
adalah OHI-S ≤1,2 dan DMF-T ≤2. Berdasarkan laporan Puskesmas Lhoksukon,
diperoleh data bahwa jumlah SD/MI yang melaksanakan kegiatan penyuluhan
kesehatan gigi adalah 2 SD/MI (11%) dan tidak ada SD/MI (0%) yang melaksanakan
kegiatan sikat gigi massal. Hasil pemeriksaan gigi pada 20 orang murid, diperoleh data
bahwa kondisi kesehatan gigi murid masih jauh dari target, dimana indeks DMF-T anak
masih tinggi (4,6). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pelaksanaan program
UKGS ditinjau dari berbagai faktor penyebab di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Lhoksukon
Kabupaten Aceh Utara Tahun 2010.
Jenis penelitian adalah studi kasus dengan analisa deskriptif. Penelitian
dilakukan selama 7 hari mulai dari tanggal 2 sampai dengan 9 Desember 2010, dengan
subjek penelitian petugas program UKGS Puskesmas Lhoksukon, kepala sekolah, guru
UKS, dokter kecil dan orang tua murid di 2 SD yang melaksanakan program UKGS.
Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan dan sikap petugas UKGS
tentang program UKGS sudah baik. Motivasi kerja petugas program UKGS sudah
tinggi. Petugas program UKGS tidak terampil dalam melakukan semua kegiatan
program UKGS. Biaya operasional program UKGS sudah tesedia. Sarana dan
prasarana program UKGS masih kurang lengkap. Peran serta masyarakat sekolah
dalam program UKGS masih kurang baik.
Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa penyebab tidak
berhasilnya program UKGS dalam meningkatkan derajat kesehatan gigi dan mulut
murid adalah peran serta masyarakat yang masih kurang baik, petugas yang tidak
terampil, kurang lengkapnya sarana dan prasarana serta terbatasnya biaya operasional
program UKGS. Disarankan kepada pihak sekolah dan orang tua murid untuk
meningkatkan peran sertanya dalam program UKGS. Kepada petugas pelaksana
program UKGS Puskesmas Lhoksukon disarankan untuk meningkatkan
keterampilannya dalam melaksanakan program UKGS.

Kata kunci : Program UKGS, kesehatan gigi murid sekolah

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Poltekkes Kemenkes NAD
Dental Health Programs
Prodi D-IV Dental Health Community
Case Study, December 2010

Bukhari
PO7125 109 003

ANALYSIS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE UKGS PROGRAM


IN TERM OF VARIOUS FACTORS IN THE WORKING AREA
OF LHOKSUKON DISTRICT HEALTH CENTER
NORTH ACEH IN 2010

ix + 32 pages + 4 tables + 7 attachments

ABSTRACT

UKGS program is a strategic program to improve dental health school students.


The success of the program is determined by the coverage of calculus: calculus and oral
health status of students. Indicators: UKGS Program of service coverage is 100%
SD/MI implement dental health education and 80% primary schools perform bulk
toothbrushes. Indicators of oral health status of students is OHI-S ≤1.2 and DMF-T ≤ 2.
Based Health Center Lhoksukon report, data showed that the number of primary
schools who carry out dental health education activities are 2 primary schools (11%)
and no SD/MI (0%) conducting mass toothbrush. Dental examination results at 20
students, data showed that dental health condition of students is still far from the target,
where the DMF-T index child was still high (4.6). This study aims to analyze the
implementation of the UKGS program in terms of various factors in the working area
of North Aceh district Lhoksukon Health Center in 2010.
This type of research is a case study with descriptive analysis. The study was
conducted for 7 days starting from July 2 to 9 December 2010, with research subjects:
UKGS program officers PHC Lhoksukon, head masters, teachers UKS, dokter kecil
and parents in two elementary schools implementing the UKGS program.
The results showed that the knowledge and attitudes about the program officer:
UKGS program is good. Work motivation: calculus program officer is already high.
Officer: ourses do not skilled in all UKGS program activities. Operational costs UKGS
program as are ready. Facilities and infrastructure UKGS programs are still sketchy.
School community participation in the UKGS program still not good.
Based on the results of this study concluded that the cause was not successful
UKGS program in improving oral health status of students is the role of the community
are still poor, unskilled workers, inadequate infrastructure and limited operational costs
of the UKGS program. It is recommended to the school and parents to increase
participation in the UKGS program. Program executive officer UKGS PHC Lhoksukon
advised to improve their skills in implementing the UKGS program.

Key word : UKGS Program, student dental health

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