P. 1
Jenis-Jenis Otot

Jenis-Jenis Otot

|Views: 160|Likes:
Dipublikasikan oleh cikwawa

More info:

Published by: cikwawa on Mar 10, 2011
Hak Cipta:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PPT, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/31/2015

pdf

text

original

ISI KANDUNGAN

Jenis-jenis Otot
PENGENALAN StrukturFungsi Sendi

Fungsi/Kegunaan Otot
Anatomi Otot Skaletal

Contoh Keratan Sekian,terima kasih

PENGENALAN
‡ Sistem otot terbahagi kepada tiga iaitu:‡ a.Otot Rangka/Skeletal - ciri-cirinya berjalur dan membekal daya untuk pergerakan tubuh terutamanya sistem tuas. - 40% daripada berat badan adalah terdiri daripada otot skeletal. - -Contoh otot skeletal ialah bisep,trisep,hamstring dan soleus.

Sambung«««

b.Otot Licin/Visceral -Otot ini terletak di semua organ-organ organyang berongga seperti perut,jantung dan saluransaluran-saluran darah dan penghadaman. - Pengucupannya adalah involuntari c. Otot Jantung/kardiak -Hanya terletak pada jantung sahaja. -Otot kardiak dan otot licin membentuk lebih kurang 10% beret badan.

Fungsi /Kegunaan otot
a. Gerakan - Termasuk semua pergerakan yang boleh dilihat atau tidak dapat dilihat. b. Penetapan Postur - Menetapkan postur tubuh melalui kontraksi otot dan penetapan ketegangan otot tanpa memendeknya. c. Penghasilan Haba - Kontraksi otot menghasilkan haba untuk penentapan suhu tubuh.

Anatomi Otot Skeletal

CORACOBRACHIALIS
Origin Coracoid process of scapula with biceps brachii Insertion Upper half med border of humerus Action Flexes and weakly adducts arm Nerve Musculocutaneous N (C5, 6, 7)(from lat cord)

BRACHIALIS
‡ Origin ‡ Ant lower half of humerus and med and lat intermuscular septa Insertion ‡ Coranoid process and tuberosity of ulna ‡ Action ‡ Flexes elbow Nerve ‡ Musculocutaneous N (C5, 6) from lat cord). Also small supply from radial N (C7)

BICEPS BRACHII
‡ Origin ‡ Long head:supraglenoid tubercle of scapula. Short head: coracoid process of scapula with coracobrachialis Insertion ‡ Post border of bicipital tuberosity of radius (over bursa) and bicipital aponeurosis to deep fascia and subcutaneous ulna ‡ Action ‡ Supinates forearm, flexes elbow, weakly flexes shoulder Nerve ‡ Musculocutaneous N (C5, 6) (from lat cord)

ARTICULARIS GENU
‡ Origin ‡ Two slips from ant femur below vastus intermedius Action ‡ Retracts bursa as knee extends Insertion ‡ Apex of suprapatellar bursa Nerve ‡ Post div of femoral N (L3, 4) ‡ Action ‡ Retracts bursa as knee extends Nerve ‡ Post div of femoral N (L3, 4)

ADDUCTOR BREVIS
‡ Origin ‡ Inf ramus & body of pubis Insertion ‡ Upper third of linea aspera ‡ Action ‡ Adducts hip Nerve ‡ Ant div of obturator N (L2, 3)

ABDUCTOR DIGITI MINIMI (hand)
‡ Origin ‡ Pisiform bone, pisohamate ligament and flexor retinaculum Insertion ‡ Ulnar side of base of prox phalanx of little finger and extensor expansion ‡ Action ‡ Abducts little finger at MCP jnt Nerve ‡ Deep br of ulnar N (C8, T1)

CORACOBRACHIALIS
‡ Origin ‡ Coracoid process of scapula with biceps brachii Insertion ‡ Upper half med border of humerus ‡ Action ‡ Flexes and weakly adducts arm Nerve ‡ Musculocutaneous N (C5, 6, 7)(from lat cord)

Struktur dan Fungsi Sendi
‡ a. Sendi Fibros ‡ b.Sendi Kartilagenos (Ampiartrosis ) ‡ C. Sendi Sinovial ( Diarthroses )

‡ a. Sendi Ensel - contoh di lutut,siku,jari dan perggelangan kaki. b. Sendi Pivot ( trokoid ) - Memusing kepala dan tangan. c. Sendi Ovoid ( kondiloid ) - Pergerakan sisi,hadapan dan belakang.

‡ d. Sendi Pelana - pergerakan sisi ke sisi dan pergerakan hadapan dan belakang.Contoh sendi karpal dan matarkapal ibu jari. e. Sendi Gelunsuran ( artireodial ) - contoh sendi interkapal dan intertasal

‡ f. Sendi Bebola dan Lesung - Contoh sendi pinggul dan bahu.

Sendi Pivot

SENDI BEBOLA DAN LESUNG

SENDI ENGSEL

Sendi Pelana

Sendi Ovoid Sendi Ensel

Contoh Keratan Rentas Sendi Lutut

Sekian,terima kasih

You're Reading a Free Preview

Mengunduh
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->