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COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

COUNTABLE NOUNS are nouns which can be counted. They have a


singular and a plural form.

You add s to the singular noun to make the plural form.

car – cars table - tables

If a countable noun ends in ch, sh, s, o, or x , you add es to make the plural
form.

church – churches
bush – bushes
bus – buses
box – boxes
potato - totatoes

If a countable noun ends in a consonant + y, you change y to i and add es.

baby – babies
story – stories
dictionary - dictionaries

If a countable noun ends in f or fe, you change the f to v and add es or s.

thief – thieves
leaf - leaves
wife - wives

Some countable nouns are irregular and therefore have irregular plural
forms

person / people child / children man / men


woman / women tooth / teeth foot / feet
mouse / mice louse / lice sheep / sheep
fish / fish goose / geese ox / oxen
deer / deer
You use a singular verb with singular countable nouns

The child is happy.

You use a plural verb with plural nouns.

The girls are playing basketball.

Some nouns are always plural. You use a plural verb.


TROUSERS, GLASSES, SCISSORS, POLICE

My glasses need cleaning

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS are nouns which can’t be counted. They have no


plural form and they always take a singular verb.
BREAD, CHEESE, MILK, PETROL, SUGAR, ADVICE, MONEY, INFORMATION,
LETTUCE, HONEY, JUICE, LUGGAGE, ....

We use uncountable nouns alone or with “SOME / ANY, A LOT OF, MUCH,
HOW MUCH”.

There isn’t any milk


There isn’t much butter.
We need some information.
How much money do you need?

We don’t use “A / AN or a NUMBER” with uncountable nouns.

a bread,
an advice

We can make uncountable nouns countable to express quantity. We add a


unit or a quantity with “OF”

a bit of wood a lump of sugar


a glass of milk a piece of information
a slice of bread a tube of toothpaste
PLURALS (REGULAR & IRREGULAR)

MAN - MEN WOMAN - WOMEN CHILD - CHILDREN PERSON - PEOPLE

TOOTH - TEETH FOOT - FEET GOOSE - GEESE MOUSE - MICE

FISH – FISH SHEEP - SHEEP LOOSE – LICE OX - OXEN

BOOK – BOOKS TOMATO - TOMATOES BOX - BOXES BUSH - BUSHES

WATCH - WATCHES TOY - TOYS BABY - BABIES KNIFE - KNIVES


PARTITIVES PICTIONARY

A CUP OF TEA A LOAF OF BREAD A BOWL OF SUGAR

A CARTON OF ORANGE JUICE A BAR OF SOAP A BUNCH OF GRAPES

A CAN OF COLA A BOX OF CHOCOLATES A BUNCH OF FLOWERS

A DOZEN OF EGGS A GLASS OF WATER A JAR OF MARMALADE

A JUG OF MILK A SLICE OF PIZZA A TUBE OF TOOTHPASTE


A PACKET OF BISCUITS A POT OF YOGHURT A PIECE OF CAKE

A PAIR OF SCISSORS A PAD OF WRITING PAPER A TIN OF SARDINES

A TUB OF POPCORN A BOTTLE OF WINE A BALL OF STRING

A ROLL OF TOILET PAPER A SLAB OF CHOCOLATE A STRING OF PEARLS

A KILO OF ORANGES A REEL OF COTTOM A BAG OF SHOPPING