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I. FORMAT OF THE THESIS


These are the parts of the thesis, which are necessary and optional*, that must be
followed. For easy reference, it is arranged in the order that it should appear.
Students of the Quezon City Polytechnic University should follow this format.

1. PRELIMINARIES
The preliminaries of the thesis should be numbered in sequence using lower case
of Roman numerals.

1.1 Blank Sheet.


This serves as the flyleaf.

1.2 Title Page


This page bears the thesis title, name of the department and institution to
which the study is to be presented, statement of qualification for which the
investigation is submitted, and name of researchers/proponents and month
and year of compliance. See Appendix C (Format) and D(Sample).

1.3 Approval Sheet


This page includes the title of the thesis, name and course of the
proponent/s (researcher/s), together with the signature of the adviser/s,
members of the oral defense panel and program chair. This page certifies
that the thesis has been approved and accepted. This page must also bear
the date of oral examination and the date of approval and acceptance. See
Appendix E (Format) and F (Sample).

Note: The Information Technology Department requires two (2) advisers.


The Thesis Adviser whose responsibility is to guide students of
Information Technology on their research process and Technical
Adviser who’s in charge on the guidance of the students regarding the
technical aspect of the study.

1.4 Acknowledgment
This part of the thesis recognize persons and organizations who/which
assisted the researcher/s in the completion of the thesis starting from the
adviser/s, followed by the members of the oral defense panel, program
chair, proof reader, etc. Acknowledgment should be kept simple and polite.

1.5 Dedication*
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This section refers to whom the researcher/s dedicate his/her contribution


however this is optional.

1.6 Abstract
This present the summary of the thesis that gives the readers an overview
of the study without reading the whole thesis. Abstract includes statement
of the problem/purpose, methodology, major findings, and conclusions of
the study.

As usual, thesis abstract does not mention any reference to the literature. It
should not be less than two hundred (200) words but not more than five
hundred (500) words or a maximum of two (2) pages and should be encoded
in double-spaced.

Note: The abstract of a thesis proposal includes only the statement of the
problem/purpose and methodology of the study.

1.7 Table of Contents


This is a sequential listing of all major parts of a thesis with corresponding
page numbers. Table of contents includes titles of the preliminaries pages,
chapters, sections and subsections, bibliography, appendices and curriculum
vitae. See Appendix G to I (Samples).

Note: Appendix I is for project development.

1.8 List of Appendices


This section presents the sequential listing of the appendices with its
corresponding title and page. This list should be arranged in order that they
are observed in the appendices. See Appendix J (Format) and Appendix K
(Sample).

1.9 List of Tables


This contains the list of all table titles found in the body of the thesis with
corresponding page numbers. Tables should be numbered in sequence,
type bold, and use Arabic numerals connected with its table title. For
instance, the first table appearing in chapter two should be marked as
Table 2.1 Title of table 2.1. See Appendix L (Format) and Appendix M
(Sample).
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1.10 List of Figures


This refers to the list of charts, graphs, maps, and other illustrations utilized
in the thesis with its corresponding title or caption and page. Figures are
also numbered in order, type bold, and use Arabic numerals. The figure
labeled as Figure 1.1 is the first figure appeared in the first chapter while
the first figure shown in the third chapter should be tagged as Figure 3.1.
For example, Figure 1.1 Title of figure 1.1. See Appendix N (Format) and
Appendix O (Sample).

If there is only on figure to be include in the list, this figure should be added
to the list of tables and the title would become List of Tables and Figure
instead of List of Tables only.

1.11 List of Acronyms*


This is optional section of the thesis. It is a list of all acronyms used in the
study for easy reference of the reader. See Appendix P (Format) and
Appendix Q (Sample)

2. MAIN BODY OF THE THESIS


The main body or the main text of the thesis is separated into five chapters and
sections (the sub-topic of each chapter). The page of the thesis body should be in
order using Arabic numerals; however page number for every chapter is not
visible. Text of the main body should be type double-spaced. See Appendix R
(Format)

2.1CHAPTER I. PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND


This chapter consists of six sections namely: Introduction or Background of
the Study; Theoretical/Conceptual Framework; Statement of the Problem or
Statement of Purpose; Scope, Delimitations, and Limitations; Significance of
the Study; and Definition of Terms.

2.1.1 Introduction or Background of the Study


This section serves as a mood setting for readers to have an overview
of the study. The researcher may use introduction as title of this
section if the study to be conducted is first in the institution or new
study. However, background of the study is use as title of this section
if the study to be accomplished is not the latest study or there are
other studies conducted in the same way. A discussion on the
relationship of this section to the statement of the problem should also
be included.
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2.1.2 Theoretical Framework or Conceptual Framework


This portion of the chapter discusses the theoretical framework and/or
the conceptual framework for the research problem. The theoretical
framework is the various theories that are use in the study which have
bearing on the problem. The conceptual framework is the stand point
of the investigator/s on the problem which must be explained in order
to have theoretical justification for the phenomenon or problem and
serves as the basis for the formulation of research hypothesis.
Conceptual Framework should be incorporated by conceptual paradigm
or a diagrammatic representation of this section. The researcher/s may
use only conceptual framework.

2.1.3 Statement of the Problem


This section consists of general statement of the entire problem,
usually reiteration of the thesis title, followed by the specific questions
or the sub problems, which is the broken down of the main problem of
the study and it is state in interrogative form.

Note: Project Development study may use Statement of the Purpose


instead of Statement of the Problem since the main problem can
be set as the main goal. The specific questions will then become
the specific objective which is stated as declarative form.

2.1.4 Scope and Delimitation


This section also contains a concise statement of the general and
specific purpose of the study, a discussion of the subject matter and
topics, an account of the research locale and the period of
investigation where and when the study was conducted, and a brief
description of the participants or population of the investigation.

Limitation/s may be added in this part of the chapter if the study


includes its weaknesses which are beyond the control of the
researcher. These limitations could be present in descriptive research
where there are presences of continuous variables, such as
effectiveness, efficiency, etc. This is certainly happening because
there are inaccuracies, not all of them could be correct in their
assessment, on the perceptions of the respondents. If this part is
added, this section would be Scope, Delimitation and Limitation.

2.1.5 Significance of the Study


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This is also called importance of the study, which has to explain the
rationale, timeliness, and/or relevance of the study to the current
situation or a discussion on the possible solution to the existing
problem or enhancement of the disappointing conditions. This part
should have a discussion on who are the beneficiaries, and how they
are going to be benefitted on account of the study. It may also give
details on how the study contribute as scholarly research and its
implications on cause and effects of problems discovered and the good
points which must be continued or improved.

2.1.6 Definition of Terms


This section of chapter I contain an introduction on why the researcher
needs to define such terms. It also includes the formal and operational
definition of the terms. Terms are arranged alphabetically. Appendix
R (Format)

2.2CHAPTER II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE


The review of related literature show evidences on previous studies and
publications whether foreign or local literature and studies that have
relevance to the present study. This chapter gives the researcher/s various
ideas about the specific field of investigation. Also in this chapter,
researcher/s should write introduction before starting the discussion for the
literature reviewed and synthesis on the last part which shows relevance of
the reviewed related literature and studies on the present study. See
Appendix R (Format)

The researcher/s may use primary or secondary or both sources in citing


related literature and studies.

2.2.1 Conceptual Literature


This section consists of local and foreign literatures which were taken
from printed materials such as books, professional journals,
magazines, encyclopedias, newspapers, and other publications.
Conceptual literature also composed of discussions of facts and
principles that have relevance to the present study.

2.2.1.1 Local Literature


These are materials printed or published in the Philippines.

2.2.1.2 Foreign Literature


These are materials printed or published in other countries.
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2.2.2 Research Literature


This section refers to the local and foreign studies, inquiries, or
investigation already conducted and has significance or similarity to
the current investigation. Citations from these literatures were taken
usually unpublished materials such as manuscripts, thesis, and
dissertations.

2.2.2.1 Local Studies


These studies, inquiries, or investigation were conducted in the
Philippines.

2.2.2.2 Foreign Studies


Studies, inquiries, or investigation conducted in foreign
countries are included in this section.

2.2.3 Synthesis or Relevance of the Reviewed Related


Literature to the Present Study
This part summarizes the reviewed literature and presents its
importance and relevance to the present study.

2.3CHAPTER III. METHODOLOGY


The researcher/s should give a simple statement as introduction of this
chapter. This chapter should discuss the methods used by the researcher/s in
the conduct of the study. This has the following sections; namely, see
Appendix R (Format):

2.3.1 Research Design


This discusses briefly the method of research used in the study. It also
explains why and how the design was used.

2.3.2 Description of the Participants


This section discusses who the participants of the study are, and how
they were selected.

2.3.3 Instrument/s Used in the Study


This refers to the questionnaire/s used in the study. The researcher/s
should discuss how the instrument/s were developed and validated.

2.3.4 Procedures of Data Gathering


The data gathered should be clearly explained in this section.
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2.3.5 Statistical Analysis of Data


This section of this chapter describes the statistical treatment of data.
Specifically, the kind of statistical analysis that is applicable in the
particular problem and to the nature of data gathered.

Note: Development project should use the following sections: Research


Design; Description of the Participants; Instrument/s Used in the Study;
Procedures in Developing and…; Statistical Analysis of Data; and
Presentation of Data Analysis which is additional section of this chapter
of this type of project.

2.3.6 Presentation of Data Analysis


The development project type of research should follow 2.4
guidelines which were discussed below.

Development study refers to a thesis with end product. These


end products are any of the following: instrument (i.e.
psychological examination, achievement test, etc.)
development, instructional material (i.e. instructional module
etc.) development, inventions etc.

Development study of Information Technology related courses


pertains to computer hardware, or computer software, or a
combination of the computer hardware and software. Examples
of this type are systems software, applications software,
hardware systems, microprocessor-based systems, data
communication and networking systems, and commissioned
software, etc.

2.4 PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA


The researcher/s should give a simple statement as introduction of this
chapter before proceeding to the presentation proper. This chapter presents
the data gathered and the information obtained from the participants of the
study, which is in the form of figures, tables, graphs, and text. The
researchers should discuss the facts of the results and analyses in order to
present its principles, relationships, differences, and generalization. The
results of the study may be compared and interpreted with previously
accomplished research. Its implication may be mentioned as well in a realistic
way. As usual, this chapter answers the specific questions. See Appendix R
(Format)
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Note: CHAPTER IV of a development study should present its developed work.


The section of this study may vary from one project develop to another.
The title of this chapter is
CHAPTER IV. PROJECT DEVELOPED.

The contents below are the thesis CHAPTER IV for Information


Technology related courses which are need to be discussed. These are

2.4 CHAPTER IV. DEVELOPED PROJECT.


2.4.1 System Requirements
This part shows the detailed description of the system
requirements of the

2.4.2 Flowcharts
Flowcharts section of this chapter presents the process of
the project developed.

2.4.3 Data Flow Diagram (DFD)

2.4.4 Visual Table of Contents (VTOC)

2.4.5 Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA)


This part gives the detailed approximation of the cost of
hardware, software, and labor that is necessary to the
application of the project. It also includes in this section the
comparison between costs to implement of the project. It
should compare the cost to implement such an application
with the benefits delivered by the application. It should also
demonstrate the values added to a given institution by the
application of the project.

2.4.6 Source Code


This section presents the source codes of the project
developed.

Note: The source code included in the manuscript may be


excerpted from the project developed source code or
the complete source code of the project as required
by the thesis adviser.

2.4.7 Graphical User Interface (GUI).


This shows the complete graphical user interface of the
project developed.

2.4.8 User Manual


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This presents the how the user will use the project
developed. The booklet form of the user manual should be
attached on the back page of the thesis.

2.5 CHAPTER V. SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION


Introduction to this chapter should be included prior to the discussion. This is
the last chapter of the thesis main body which includes the summary of the
major findings of the study, and state the conclusion/s obtained. Conclusions
should be based on the findings of the study. It also discusses the importance
of the study, and relates results to the objectives and problems posted in the
introduction section of the thesis chapter one. Recommendation is also a part
of this chapter, which may be written in paragraph form or enumerated type
and it should be based upon the findings and conclusions; see Appendix R
(Format). Recommendation normally directs the reader/s to conduct further
study or follow a line of investigation on some specific areas related to the
subject matter of the thesis.

Note: CHAPTER V of a Development project consists only of SUMMARY AND


RECOMMENDATION.

3. REFERENCE MATERIALS
This presents all the reference materials used in the study.

3.1Bibliography
This part presents the list of all references quoted in the construction of the
thesis. The references should be arranged alphabetically in every category
and should be written aligned to the left margin and indent five (5) spaces or
half an inch for the second and the subsequent lines of citation, see Appendix
S (Format and Sample).

3.2Appendices
This section comes after the bibliography. It includes questionnaires, tables
with 1-2 pages or tables which is not significant / critical to the argument of
the researcher, computations, forms, computer printouts, and other
documents which are important to the study. Appendices should be divided
into sections and labeled using the capital letters of the English alphabet
starting with A. The organization of the appendices should be based on the
order as it was cited in the main body. Each appendix should begin on a new
page and every title of Appendix should match to the Table of Contents, see
Appendix T (Format) and Appendix U (Sample).
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3.3Addendum
This is an add-on document in the conduct of the study. This add-on refers as
the Certification from the Proofreader. This certification is added to
authenticate that the manuscript was proofread by a person who is a
proofreader, editor, or knowledgeable in the English language, see Appendix V
(Format) and Appendix W (Sample).

3.4Curriculum Vitae of Researcher/s


This is the last division of the thesis. This section provides an overview of the
researchers or proponents life and qualifications. It includes personal
information, educational background, and professional work experiences (if
there is). There is no format required for this section; however it is
recommended that this should be written in uniform format for thesis with
more than two proponents or researchers.

4. WAY OF WRITING
This pertains on how the researcher should write numerical value, unit of
measures, and citations.

4.1Numerical Value
Numerals stated in the main text should be spell out except for those
connected to units of measurement (i.e. 30 kg, 3m), use as quantity (11
boxes, 18 pieces, 33 files, 14 tables etc.) , use to indicate a series such as
“The data given are 1, 14, 11, 3, 6, 18, and 9.” or “The inventory of laptops
for the first five months of this year were 4, 5, 8, 9 and 11.”, use in the
statistical analysis for data interpretation, and use in tables and in figures.
Numbers with one word (i.e. one, two, twenty, thirty, forty, etc.) should also
spell out and enclosing the digit into a parentheses, i.e. three (3), but
numbers with more than one words may be written as numerals, i.e. 24.
Write the numbers in words if it is situated at the beginning of the sentence
regardless of the numbers or words or numerical values.

4.2Unit of Measure
Always use SI units for the units of measure as much as possible. Remember
also that period should not be attached after the unit of measure unless it is
at the end of the sentence. Unit of measure should be written in words
followed by its abbreviations within the parenthesis. For example 3 milliliters
(3 ml), 14 centimeters (14 cm), 3.18 meters (3.18 m), 33 kilobytes (33 KB),
1.8 kilometers per hour (1.8 kph), 6.09 gigabytes (6.09 GB).
4.3Citations
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All citations must be quoted correctly in the content and in the bibliography.
These are some examples on how a citation should be presented:
Primary Source
 Dicdican (2001) developed a learning package in Mathematics for
Grade Six pupils in the Division of Laguna. The data gathered revealed
that…
 The multi-media learning experiences are often presented in a self-
instructional format referred to as module (Russel, 1974)
 According to Soedijarto (1976), a module should consist of…
 A concept that can be measured on any one to the four types of
measurement scale, which have varying degrees of precision in
measurement such as nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio (Kumar,
1996:47-48).
 Calderon and Gonzales define a variable as anything that may change
or may be changed from one condition to another, either qualitative or
quantitatively such as age, height, weight, method of teaching,
language, time, etc. (1993:83)
Secondary Source
 Kidder in Fonollera (1993:53) give the meaning of sampling as a means
of selecting a given number of persons, objects or events (called
subsets) from a given population by specified selection process.

4.4Quotations
Quotations may be copied directly and accurately, onto to or word for word,
and they must be placed in quotation marks. However, students are
encouraged to produce and restate ideas in their own words and way of
presenting such concepts.

4.5Annotations
Annotations or footnotes are not encouraged to use in the text. On the other
hand, it is recommended to use citations rather than footnotes.

5. THESIS APPEARANCE
This refers to the physical requirements of the entire thesis for submission.

5.1Paper
Paper should be white letter-size (8.5 x 11 in). Page orientation should be
portrait layout. Manuscript, figures, and tables layout should also in portrait
and are placed on one side only of the paper. Back to back writing of
manuscript, figures, and tables will not be accepted.
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5.2Language
American English is the official language should be used in writing a thesis
and it should be formal, objective and expository. All sentences must be
comprehensive with correct grammar and spelling. Sentences and words
stated in the form of idiomatic expressions, metaphors, subjective, slang and
undefined abbreviations and acronym are not allowed to use in the text.

5.3Documents
All document drafts, including the thesis and other pertinent official
documents to be included in the study, should be typewritten, free from
erasures, and has uniform font when submitted. Text should be in black color,
twelve-point size, and one of any of these fonts; Arial, Times New Roman,
Bookman Old Style, Courier New, or Tahoma. Submitted hand-written drafts
and incomplete documents will not be accepted. Text should be always
aligned on both the left and right margins or justified on both sides. Five-
space indention is used for every paragraph.

5.4Margins
From the beginning up to the end of the thesis margins should be 1.5 inches
for the left and 1.0 inch for the top, bottom, and right.

5.5Spacing
The entire thesis should be written in a double-spaced format except for the
following should be typed in single spaced:
• Name/s of the researcher, proposed thesis title, rationale or brief
description of the developing project, and names and designation
appeared in the thesis proposed title document (see Appendix A and B)
• Thesis title, submitting department and institution, qualification
statement, name of the researcher/s or proponent/s, and month and
year of submission in the title page (see Appendix C and D)
• Thesis title, name of researchers, course, and names and designation
appeared in the approval sheet (see Appendix E and F)
• Table of Contents entry except entries between other categories (see
Appendix G to I)
• List of Appendices (see Appendix J and K)
• List of Tables (see Appendix L and M)
• List of Figures (see Appendix N and O)
• List of Acronym (see Appendix P and Q)
• Multi-line title of tables and figures.
• References in the Bibliography except between entries (see Appendix
R)
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• Thesis title, name of researchers, course, names and designation of


the proofreader in the certification from the proofreader (see Appendix
V and W)

5.6Pagination
Page numbers of the entire thesis should be consecutive from the title page
up to researcher/s curriculum vitae. Page numbers should be situated at the
right top of each page with no other decorative layouts.

The preliminary part of the thesis should numbered starting from the title
page through the list of acronym or through the list of figures using the lower
case of the Roman numerals. The title page Roman numeral number is i,
however this is not included or visible in that page. Page 1 of the main body
which is the first page of the chapter 1; however this chapter page number
should not be visible or included as well as the entire first page in every
chapter.
APPENDIX A
Thesis Proposed Title Format for Non-
Development Study 15
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Member/s of the Group:


Alphabetically arrange for
group consisting of two or
more members
Year and Section:

“ PROPOSED TITLE ”

Rationale:
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_____

Approved by:

PROF. PROF.
------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------
Member Member

PROF. -------------------------------------------
Chairman
APPENDIX B
Thesis Proposed Title Format for Development
Study 16
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Member/s of the Group:


Alphabetically arrange for
group consisting of two or
more members
Year and Section:

“ PROPOSED TITLE ”

Brief Description of the Developing Project:


_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
____
_______________________________________________________________________
_

Approved by:

PROF. PROF.
------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------
Member Member

PROF. -------------------------------------------
Chairman
APPENDIX C
Thesis Title Format
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THESIS TITLE
bold, center, 14 font size,
minimum of 2 lines,
maximum of 3 lines

9 to 10 spaces

A Thesis
Presented to
center, 12 font size
the Faculty of the Name of the Department
Name of the Institution
Location of the Institution

9 to 10 spaces

In Partial Fulfillment center, 12 font size


of the Requirements for the Degree
Course

9 to 10 spaces

by
Name of Researcher/s center, 12 font size,
in alphabetical order
Month and Year of Compliance
APPENDIX D
Thesis Title Sample
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DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF


QUEZON CITY POLYTECNIC UNIVERSITY
ENROLLMENT SYSTEM

A Thesis
Presented to
the Faculty of the Information Technology Department
Quezon City Polytechnic University
Novaliches, Quezon City

In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the Degree
Bachelor of Science in Information Technology

by
Edward R. Torrefranca
March, 2009
APPENDIX E
Approval Sheet Format
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APPROVAL SHEET

This thesis entitled

“WRITE THE THESIS TITLE”

has been prepared and submitted by

Write the name/s of the researcher/s in alphabetical order.


center, bold 12 font size, in
alphabetical order
In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

WRITE
the
COURSE.

Θ Χ Π Υ 
RECOMMENDED FOR ORAL EXAMINATION:

PROF. ------------------------------------ PROF. ------------------------------------


Thesis Adviser Technical Adviser

APPROVED BY ORAL EXAMINATION COMMITTEE:

PROF. ------------------------------------
Chairman

PROF. ----------------------------------- PROF. ---------------------------------------


Member Member

Date of Oral Examination: ______________________

ACCEPTED:
PROF. ---------------------------------
Program Chair, Information Technology Department
Quezon City Polytechnic University

Date: ______________________
APPENDIX F
Approval Sheet Sample 20
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APPROVAL SHEET

This thesis entitled

“SURVEY ON PERCEPTION OF STUDENTS ON THE QUEZON CITY


POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY MANUAL SCHEDULING SYSTEM”

has been prepared and submitted by

Sheryl P. Co
Samuel A. Cu
Juan D. dela Cruz.

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE
in
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.

Θ Χ Π Υ 
RECOMMENDED FOR ORAL EXAMINATION:

PROF. EDWARD R. TORREFRANCA PROF. EDWIN DP. MACASPAG


Adviser Technical Adviser

APPROVED BY ORAL EXAMINATION COMMITTEE:

PROF. MARIA AURA C. IMPANG


Chairman

PROF. JOY A. VIÑAS PROF. LUISITO D. SORIANO


Member Member

Date of Oral Examination: ___________________

ACCEPTED:
PROF. MARIA AURA C. IMPANG
Program Chair, Information Technology Department
Quezon City Polytechnic University
APPENDIX G
Thesis Proposal Table of Contents Sample Non-Development and
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Date: ______________________
TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE
Title Page……………………………………………………………………………...i
Approval Sheet…………………………………………………………………….. ii
Acknowledgment………………………………………………………………….. iii
Dedication (optional)………………………………………………………………. iv
Abstract……………………………………………………………………………. v
Table of Contents………………………………………………………………….. vi
List of Appendices………………………………………………………………..... vii
List of Tables………………………………………………………………………. viii
List of Figures………………………………………………………………………. ix

CHAPTER
I. THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND………………………….…
Introduction……………………………………………………………..…….
Conceptual Framework…………………………………………………….
Statement of the Problem………………………….………………………..
Scope, Delimitation and Limitation…………………………………………...
Significance of the Study…………………………………………………..
Definition of Terms………………………………………………….....……

II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES………………..


Conceptual Literature……………………………………………………….
Local……………………………………………………………………
Foreign………………………………………………………………….
Research Literature………………………………………………………...
Local……………………………………………………………………
Foreign………………………………………………………………….
Synthesis/Relevance of the Reviewed Related Literature to the Present
Study……………………………………………………………………

III. METHODOLOGY AND RESEARCH DESIGN……………………………


Research Design……………………………………………………………
Description of the Participants…………………………………………......
Instrument Used in the Study………………………………………………
Procedures…………………………………………………………………..
Statistical Analysis of Data…………………………………………………

BIBLIOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………………
APPENDIX H
Complete Thesis Table of Contents Sample for Non-
Development Study 22
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE
Title Page……………………………………………………………………………...i
Approval Sheet…………………………………………………………………….. ii
Acknowledgment………………………………………………………………….. iii
Dedication (optional)………………………………………………………………. iv
Abstract……………………………………………………………………………. v
Table of Contents………………………………………………………………….. vi
List of Appendices………………………………………………………………..... vii
List of Tables………………………………………………………………………. viii
List of Figures………………………………………………………………………. ix

CHAPTER
I. THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND………………………….…
Introduction……………………………………………………………..…….
Conceptual Framework…………………………………………………….
Statement of the Problem………………………….………………………..
Scope, Delimitation and Limitation…………………………………………...
Significance of the Study…………………………………………………..
Definition of Terms………………………………………………….....……

II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES………………..


Conceptual Literature……………………………………………………….
Local……………………………………………………………………
Foreign………………………………………………………………….
Research Literature………………………………………………………...
Local……………………………………………………………………
Foreign………………………………………………………………….
Synthesis (Relevance of the Reviewed Related Literature to the Present
Study)……………………………………………………………………

III. METHODOLOGY………………………………………..…………………
Research Design……………………………………………………………
Description of the Participants…………………………………………......
Instruments Used in the Study………………………………………………
Procedures…………………………………………………………………..
Statistical Analysis of Data…………………………………………………

IV. PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA…

V. SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION…………...

BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………………………………………….
APPENDIX H cont.
Complete Thesis Table of Contents Sample for Non-
Development Study 23
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

PAGE
APPENDICES…………………………………………………………………….

CURRICULUM VITAE…………………………………………………………..
APPENDIX I
Complete Thesis Table of Contents Sample for
Development Study 24
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE
Title Page……………………………………………………………………………...i
Approval Sheet…………………………………………………………………….. ii
Acknowledgment………………………………………………………………….. iii
Dedication (optional)………………………………………………………………. iv
Abstract……………………………………………………………………………. v
Table of Contents………………………………………………………………….. vi
List of Appendices………………………………………………………………..... vii
List of Tables………………………………………………………………………. viii
List of Figures………………………………………………………………………. ix

CHAPTER
I. THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND………………………….…
Introduction……………………………………………………………..…….
Conceptual Framework…………………………………………………….
Statement of the Problem………………………….………………………..
Scope, Delimitation, and Limitation………………………………………...
Significance of the Study…………………………………………………..
Definition of Terms………………………………………………….....……

II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES………………..


Conceptual Literature……………………………………………………….
Local……………………………………………………………………
Foreign………………………………………………………………….
Research Literature………………………………………………………...
Local……………………………………………………………………
Foreign………………………………………………………………….
Synthesis (Relevance of the Reviewed Related Literature to the Present
Study)……………………………………………………………………

III. METHODOLOGY …………………………..……………………………


Research Design……………………………………………………………
Description of the Participants…………………………………………......
Instruments Used in the Study………………………………………………
Procedures in Developing and………………………………………………
Statistical Analysis of Data…………………………………………………
Presentation and Data Analysis………………………………………………

IV. PROJECT DEVELOPED……………………………………………….……

V. SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATION……………………………....

BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………………………………………….
APPENDIX I cont.
Complete Thesis Table of Contents Sample for
Development Study 25
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

PAGE
APPENDICES…………………………………………………………………….

CURRICULUM VITAE…………………………………………………………..

Note: The Contents below are the thesis CHAPTER IV of Information Technology
related courses.

IV. PROJECT DEVELOPED ……………………………………………….……


System Requirements……………………………………………………..….
Flowcharts………………………………………………………………….
Data Flow Diagram (DFD)…………………………………………………..
Visual Table of Contents (VTOC)..…………………………………………
Cash Benefit Analysis (CBA) ………………………………………………
Source Codes……………………………………………………………….
Graphical User Interface (GUI)…………………………………………......
User Manual………………………………………………………………..
APPENDIX J
List of Appendices Format
26
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

LIST OF APPENDICES

APPENDIX PAGE
A Title of Appendix A.…………………………………………………....
B Title of Appendix B.…………………………………………………....
C Title of Appendix C.…………………………………………………....
D Title of Appendix D.…………………………………………………....
E Title of Appendix E.…………………………………………………....
F Title of Appendix F.…………………………………………………....
APPENDIX K
Sample List of Appendices
27
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

LIST OF APPENDICES

APPENDIX PAGE
A Scope and Sequence of Intermediate Algebra………………………....70
B Schedule of the Student-Participants……………………………….... 72
C List of Second Year High School Student-Participants…….………....73
D Table of Specifications for 100-Item Summative Test………………....76
E 100-Item Summative Test with Table of Specifications for
Content Validation by the Thesis Advisers………………… 80
F 100-Item Summative Test with Table of Specifications for
Content Validation by the Experts……….………………… 94
APPENDIX L
List of Tables Format
28
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

LIST OF TABLES

TABLE PAGE
3.1 Title of Table 3.1 .…………………………………………………....
3.2 Title of Table 3.2 .…………………………………………………....
3.3 Title of Table 3.3 .…………………………………………………....
4.1 Title of Table 4.1 .…………………………………………………....
APPENDIX M
Sample List of Tables
29
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

LIST OF TABLES

TABLES PAGE
3.1 Means and Standard Deviations of the Evaluators’ Responses
Pertaining to the Objectives of the Module………………... 47
3.2 Summary Table of the Means and Standard Deviations of the
Evaluators’ Responses Pertaining to the Objectives,
Content, Format and Language, Presentation, and
Usefulness of the Modules………………………………… 50
APPENDIX N
List of Figures Format
30
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

LIST OF FIGURE/S

FIGURES PAGE
1.1 Title of Figure 1.1 .…………………………………………………....
APPENDIX O
Sample List of Figure/s
31
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

LIST OF FIGURE/S

FIGURES PAGE
1.1 Model for the Development of Modules in Rational
Expressions………………………….…………………….... 3
APPENDIX P
Format List of Acronyms
32
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

LIST OF ACRONYM/S

ACRONYMS PAGE
1st entry Meaning of the acronym……………..……………………....
APPENDIX Q
Sample List of Acronyms
33
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

LIST OF ACRONYM/S

ACRONYMS PAGE
QCPU Quezon City Polytechnic University….……………………....
APPENDIX R
Thesis Main Body Format
34
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

CHAPTER I

PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction or Background of the Study

Discussion of introduction.

Theoretical Framework and/or Conceptual Framework

Discussion of theoretical framework and/or discussion of conceptual framework.

Statement of the Problem or Statement of Purpose

This __________.

Specifically, this ________ :

1. specific question 1?

2. specific question 2?

n. last specific question?

Note: For Statement of Purpose, all specific questions should be replaced by

specific objectives.

Scope and Delimitation

Discussion of scope and delimitation. Limitation may be added, thus section title

would now become Scope, Delimitation and Limitation instead of Scope and

Delimitation.

Significance of the Study

Discussion of investigation’s significance.

Definition of Terms

Introduction why the researcher needs to define such terms.


APPENDIX R cont.
Thesis Main Body Format
35
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

Term to be defined. Formal definition (Author’s surname, year published). Operational

definition.
APPENDIX R cont.
Thesis Main Body Format
36
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

CHAPTER II

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Simple discussion on how the literature reviewed helped the researcher/s in

describing the cognitive scheme which leads the accomplishment of the research.

Conceptual Literature

Local

Discussion on local literature.

Foreign

Discussion on foreign literature.

Research Literature

Local Studies

Discussion on local studies.

Foreign Studies

Discussion on foreign studies.

Synthesis or Relevance of the Reviewed Literature and Studies to the Present Study

Discussion of synthesis.
APPENDIX R cont.
Thesis Main Body Format
37
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

CHAPTER III

METHODOLOGY

Simple discussion on what is this chapter all about.

Research Design

Discussion

Description of the Participants

Discussion

Instrument/s Used in the Study

Discussion

Procedures of Data Gathering

Discussion

Statistical Analysis of Data

Discussion

Note: Development project should use the following sections: Research Design;

Description of the Participants; Instrument/s Used in the Study; Procedures in

Developing and…; Statistical Analysis of Data; and Presentation of Data

Analysis which is additional section of chapter four of development study.

Presentation of Data Analysis discussion should follow 2.4 guidelines.


APPENDIX R cont. 38
QUEZON
Thesis MainCITY
Body POLYTECHNIC
Format
UNIVERSITY

CHAPTER IV

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

Introduction about this chapter.

Title of this section

Discussion for this section.

Title of next section

Discussion for this section.

Note: CHAPTER IV of a development study should present its developed work. The

section of this study may vary from one project develop to another.

The contents below are the thesis CHAPTER IV of Information Technology

related courses need to be discussed. Format of this chapter four of this type of

research is presented on the next page.


APPENDIX R cont. 39
QUEZON
Thesis MainCITY
Body POLYTECHNIC
Format
UNIVERSITY

CHAPTER IV

PROJECT DEVELOPED

Chapter four introduction.

System Requirements

Presentation

Flowcharts

Presentation

Data Flow Diagram (DFD)

Presentation

Visual Table of Contents (VTOC)

Presentation

Cash Benefit Analysis (CBA)

Presentation

Source Code

Presentation

Graphical User Interface (GUI)

Presentation

User Manual

Presentation
APPENDIX R cont. 40
QUEZON
Thesis MainCITY
Body POLYTECHNIC
Format
UNIVERSITY

CHAPTER V

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION

Introduction about this chapter.

Summary

Discussion

Conclusion

Discussion

Recommendation

Discussion

Note: CHAPTER V of a Development project consists only of SUMMARY AND

RECOMMENDATION.
APPENDIX S 41
QUEZON
Bibliography CITY and
Format POLYTECHNIC
Sample
UNIVERSITY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

A. Books

With one author

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial, Title of the book. Place of publication:
Name of the Publisher, Date of publication.

Example

Buffa, Liz. Research Paper Smart. New York: Random House, 1997.

With two authors

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial and second author’s First Name Middle
Initial Surname. Title of the book. Place of publication: Name of the Publisher,
Date of publication.

Example

Best, John W. and James V. Kahn, Research in Education. Singapore: Simon and
Schuster: A Viacom Company, 1998.

With three or more authors

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial et.al. Title of the book. Place of
publication: Name of the Publisher, Date of publication.

Example

Bautista, Evangeline P. et.al. XP Intermediate Algebra. Philippines: Vibal Publishing


House, 2006.

With an editor

Editor’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial, ed. Title of the book. Place of publication:
Name of the Publisher, Date of publication.

Example

Kizer, Carolyn, ed. 100 Great Peoms by Women. New Jersey: The Ecco Press, 1995.
APPENDIX S cont. 42
QUEZONFormat
Bibliography CITY POLYTECHNIC
and Sample
UNIVERSITY

Encyclopedia article

Encyclopedia Title, Edition Date. Volume Number, “Article Title,” page number(s).

Example

The Encyclopedia Brittanica, 1997. Volume 7, “Gorillas,” pp. 50-51.

Short story or chapter of a book

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial. “Story title or chapter title.” Title of the
book where the story or chapter was taken. The abbreviation of the word editor,
Ed. Editor of the book’s First Name Middle Initial Surname. Place of publication:
Name of the Publisher, Date of publication. Pages of the source book.

Example

Buell, Lawrence. “Moby-Dick as Sacred Text.” New Essays on Moby Dick. Ed. Richard
Broadhead. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1986. 53-72.

With the same author or editor but different book title

Use the name or list of names of the authors’ or editor’s on the first entry only following
the formats stated above, and use three hyphens to indicate the following entry or
entries have the same name.

Example

King, Stephen. Black House. New York: Random, 2001.

---. Dreamcatcher. New York: Scribner, 2001.

B. Journals and Periodicals

Journal article

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial. “Title of the article.” Title of the journals.
Place of Publication: Name of Publisher, Year of publication. Volume number,
Issue number, page/s.

Example
43
QUEZON CITYS POLYTECHNIC
APPENDIX cont.
UNIVERSITY
Bibliography Format and Sample

Brown, Richard. “Making Mathematics a Personal and Incentive Experience.” The


Educational Digest. Michigan: Prakkin Publications Inc., 1982. Vol. XLVII, No.
4, p 31.
Magazine article

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial. “Title of the article.” Title of the
magazines. Date of publication: page/s.

Example

Jerome, Richard and Margaret Nelson. “Deadly Game?” People. September 23, 2002:
221-2.

Newspaper article

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial. “Title of the article.” Title of the
newspapers. [Place or City of publication, if not stated in the title] Date of
publication, Edition of publication, if stated: Section of the newspaper, if stated:
page/s.

Example

Lee-Chua, Queena N. “Eureka! Presidential codes and chocolate math.” Philippine Daily
Inquirer. July 27, 2009, Learning: F3

C. Unpublished Materials

Undergraduate thesis with one author

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial. “Title of the Undergraduate Thesis.” Type
of unpublished material, School where it was submitted, School location, Year of
submission.

Example

Pilar, Jodi Ann. “Title of the Undergraduate Thesis.” Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis,
University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Year it was submitted.

Undergraduate thesis with two authors

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial. and second author’s First Name Middle
Initial Surname. “Title of the Undergraduate Thesis.” Type of unpublished
materials, School where it was submitted, School’s location, Year of submission.
44
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY
APPENDIX S cont.
Bibliography Format and Sample
45
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

Example

Capalihan, Evelyn P. and Mariel Cenon. “Mathematics Anxiety Level of Selected Third
Year High School Students of Metro Manila.” Unpublished Undergraduate
Thesis, Philippine Normal University, Manila, 1996.

Undergraduate thesis with two or more authors

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial. et.al. “Title of the Undergraduate Thesis.”
Type of unpublished materials, School where it was submitted, School’s location,
Year of submission.

Example

Mora, Karen et. al. “Proposed Quezon City Polytechnic University Online Library
System.” Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, Quezon City Polytechnic
University, Quezon City, 2009.

Undergraduate and Graduate students’ special project

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial. “Title of the Special Project.” Type of
unpublished materials, School where it was submitted, School’s location, Year of
submission.

Examples

Undergraduate student

Alcansado, Joy C. et. al. “Development and Evaluation of Measure of Central Tendency
Calculation Software.” Unpublished Special Project, Quezon City Polytechnic
University, Quezon City, 2009.

Graduate student

Agustin-Sicat, Ma. Cristina D. “Development and Evaluation of Interactive Multimedia


Lessons in Analytic Geometry.” Unpublished Special Project, Philippine Normal
University, Manila, 2002.

Master’s thesis

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial. “Title of the Thesis.” Type of unpublished
material, School where it was submitted, School location, Year of submission.
APPENDIX S cont.
Bibliography Format and Sample
46
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

Example

Torrefranca, Evelyn C. “Development and Validation of Instructional Modules in


Rational Expressions.” Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Philippine Normal
University, Manila, 2009.

Dissertation

Author’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial. “Title of the Dissertation.” Type of
unpublished material, School where it was submitted, School location, Year of
submission.

Example

Dicdican, Romulo C. “Proposed Learning Package in Mathematics for Grade Six Pupils
in the Division of Laguna.” Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Eulogio “Amang”
Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology, Manila, 2001.

D. Internet Sources

Books taken from the internet

Use the format written in A. Books with <URL Address added after the page/s.>

Journal and Periodical Articles taken from the internet

Use the format written in B. Journal and Periodicals with <URL Address added after the
page/s.>

E. Other Sources

From a person

Resource person’s Surname, First Name Middle Initial. Occupation. Date of Interview.

Example

Dela Cruz, Juan F. Teacher. October 1, 2009.

From a film

Title, Director, Distributor, Year.


APPENDIX S cont.
Bibliography Format and Sample
47
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

Example

Braveheart. Dir. Mel Gibson, Icon Productions, 1995.

From CD-ROM

Disc Title: Version, Date. “Article Title”, page/s if given. Publisher.

Example

Compton’s Multimedia Encyclopedia: Macintosh version, 1995. “Civil rights


movement”, p. 3. Compton’s Newsmedia.

From email message

Author of the message, (Date). Subject of the message. Electronic conference or bulletin
board (Online). Available email: LISTSERV@email address

Example

Ellen Block, (September 15, 1995). New Winners. Teen Booklist (Online). Helen Smith
@wellington.com

From Website

Name of the Site. Date of last update. Author of the site. Date accessed the site by the
researcher <URL address>

Example

U.S. Department of Education (ED) Home Page. September 29, 1999. U.S. Department
of Education. October 1, 1999< http://www.ed.gov./index.html>.
APPENDIX T
Appendix/ Appendices Format
48
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

APPENDIX A

Title of the Appendix A


APPENDIX U
Appendix/Appendices Sample
49
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

APPENDIX A

SCOPE AND SEQUENCE OF INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA


APPENDIX V
Addendum Format
50
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

ADDENDUM

CERTIFICATION FROM THE PROOF READER

This thesis entitled

“WRITE THE THESIS TITLE”

has been prepared and submitted by

Write the name/s of the researcher/s in alphabetical order.


center, bold 12 font size, in
alphabetical order
In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

WRITE
the
COURSE.

This has been proof read and edited by

Signature
PROOF READER’S FULL NAME
Designation
APPENDIX W
Addendum Sample
51
QUEZON CITY POLYTECHNIC
UNIVERSITY

ADDENDUM

CERTIFICATION FROM THE PROOF READER

This thesis entitled

“SURVEY ON PERCEPTION OF STUDENTS ON THE QUEZON CITY


POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY MANUAL SCHEDULING SYSTEM”

has been prepared and submitted by

Sheryl P. Co
Samuel A. Cu
Juan D. dela Cruz.

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE
in
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.

This has been proof read and edited by

PROF. JUAN A. DELA CRUZ


English Professor