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GENERAL PHYSICS PHY2049

Study Guide Mid-Term 3-Solutions

Chapter 31-Faraday’s Law

1) A rectangular loop of area A is placed in a region where the magnetic field is perpendicular
to the plane of the loop. The magnitude of the field is allowed to vary in time according to
𝑩 = 𝑩𝒎𝒂𝒙 𝒆−𝒕⁄𝝉 , where 𝑩𝒎𝒂𝒙 and 𝝉 are constants. The field has the constant value 𝑩𝒎𝒂𝒙
for t < 0.
(a) Use Faraday’s law to show that the emf induced in the loop is given by
𝑨𝑩𝒎𝒂𝒙 −𝒕/𝝉
𝓔= 𝒆
𝝉
(b) Obtain a numerical value for 𝓔 at t = 4.00 s when A = 0.160 m2, Bmax = 0.350 T, and 𝝉 = 2.00
s.
(c) For the values of A, Bmax, and 𝝉 given in (b), what is the maximum value of 𝓔?

2) An aluminum ring of radius 5.00 cm and resistance 3.00 + 104 (is placed on top of a long air-core
solenoid with 1 000 turns per meter and radius 3.00 cm, as shown in Figure P31.7. Over the area of
the end of the solenoid, assume that the axial component of the field produced by the solenoid is half
as strong as at the center of the solenoid. Assume the solenoid produces negligible field outside its
cross-sectional area. The current in the solenoid is increasing at a rate of 270 A/s.
(a) What is the induced current in the ring? At the center of the ring,
(b) what the magnitude and the direction of the magnetic field produced by the induced current in
the ring?

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3) Figure P31.20 shows a top view of a bar that can slide without friction. The resistor is 6.00 (
and a 2.50-T magnetic field is directed perpendicularly downward, into the paper. Let l=
1.20 m.
(a) Calculate the applied force required to move the bar to the right at a constant speed of
2.00 m/s.
(b) At what rate is energy delivered to the resistor?

4) The square loop in Figure P31.26 is made of wires with total series resistance 10.0 Ω. It is
placed in a uniform 0.100-T magnetic field directed perpendicularly into the plane of the
paper. The loop, which is hinged at each corner, is pulled as shown until the separation
between points A and B is 3.00 m. If this process takes 0.100 s, what is the average current
generated in the loop? What is the direction of the current?

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5) For the situation shown in Figure P31.32, the magnetic field changes with time according to
the expression
B = (2.00t 3- 4.00t2+2 0.800)T, and r2 = 2R= 5.00 cm.
(a) Calculate the magnitude and direction of the force exerted on an electron located at
point P2 when t= 2.00 s.
(b) At what time is this force equal to zero?

6) A 40-turn circular coil (radius = 4.0 cm, total resistance = 0.20 Ω) is placed in a uniform magnetic
field directed perpendicular to the plane of the coil. The magnitude of the magnetic field varies
with time as given by B = 50 sin(10 πt) mT where t is measured in s. What is the magnitude of
the induced current in the coil at 0.10 s?

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a. 50 mA
b. 1.6 A
c. 0.32 A
d. zero
e. 0.80 A
7) A 50-turn circular coil (radius = 15 cm) with a total resistance of 4.0 Ω is placed in a uniform magnetic
field directed perpendicularly to the plane of the coil. The magnitude of this field varies with time
according to B = A sin (αt), where A = 80 µT and α = 50π rad/s. What is the magnitude of the
current induced in the coil at t = 20 ms?
a. 11 mA
b. 18 mA
c. 14 mA
d. 22 mA
e. zero
8) In the arrangement shown, a conducting bar of negligible resistance slides along horizontal, parallel,
frictionless conducting rails connected as shown to a 2.0-Ω resistor. A uniform 1.5-T magnetic field
is perpendicular to the plane of the paper. If L = 60 cm, at what rate is thermal energy being
generated in the resistor at the instant the speed of the bar is equal to 4.2 m/s?

a. 8.6 W
b. 7.8 W
c. 7.1 W
d. 9.3 W
e. 1.8 W
9) A rectangular wire loop (length = 60 cm, width = 40 cm) lies completely within a perpendicular and
uniform magnetic field of magnitude of 0.5 T. If the length of the loop starts increasing at a rate
of 20 mm/s at time t = 0, while the width is decreasing at the same rate, what is the magnitude
of the induced emf at time t = 4.0 s?
a. 6.8 mV
b. 5.2 mV
c. 3.6 mV
d. 8.4 mV
e. 10 mV

10) A 400-turn circular coil (radius = 1.0 cm) is oriented with its plane perpendicular to a uniform
magnetic field which has a magnitude that varies sinusoidally with a frequency of 90 Hz. If the
maximum value of the induced emf in the coil is observed to be 4.2 V, what is the maximum value
of the magnitude of the varying magnetic field?
a. 59 mT
b. 62 mT
c. 65 mT
d. 68 mT
e. 31 mT

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Chapter 30- Magnetic field sources

1) Two long parallel wires each carry a current of 5.0 A directed to the east. The two wires are separated by
8.0 cm. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field at a point that is 5.0 cm from each of the wires?
a. 72 µT
b. 48 µT
c. 24 µT
d. 96 µT
e. 32 µT
2) Two long straight parallel wires separated by a distance of 20 cm carry currents of 30 A and 40 A in
opposite directions. What is the magnitude of the resulting magnetic field at a point that is 15 cm from
the wire carrying the 30-A current and 25 cm from the other wire?
a. 51 µT
b. 33 µT
c. 72 µT
d. 64 µT
e. 46 µT

3) Two long straight wires carry currents perpendicular to the xy plane. One carries a current of 50 A and
passes through the point x = 5.0 cm on the x axis. The second wire has a current of 80 A and passes
through the point y = 4.0 cm on the y axis. What is the magnitude of the resulting magnetic field at the
origin?
a. 200 µT
b. 600 µT
c. 450 µT
d. 300 µT
e. 400 µT
4) Two long parallel wires separated by 5.0 mm each carry a current of 60 A. These two currents are
oppositely directed. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field at a point that is between the two wires
and 2.0 mm from one of the two wires?
a. 2.0 mT
b. 10 mT
c. 8.0 mT
d. 1.6 mT
e. 7.2 mT

5) If a = 2.0 cm, b = 5.0 cm, and I = 20 A, what is the magnitude of the magnetic field at the point P?

a. 4.5 µT
b. 7.5 µT

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c. 9.0 µT
d. 6.0 µT
e. 3.6 µT

6) The figure shows a cross section of three parallel wires each carrying a current of 15 A. The currents in
wires A and C are out of the paper, while that in wire B is into the paper. If the distance R = 5.0 mm,
what is the magnitude of the force on a 4.0-m length of wire C?

a. 90 mN
b. 54 mN
c. 30 mN
d. 18 mN
e. 36 mN

7) A long solenoid (n = 1 200 turns/m, radius = 2.0 cm) has a current of a 0.30 A in its winding. A long wire
carrying a current of 20 A is parallel to and 1.0 cm from the axis of the solenoid. What is the magnitude
of the resulting magnetic field at a point on the axis of the solenoid?
a. 0.60 mT
b. 0.85 mT
c. 52 µT
d. 0.40 mT
e. 0.75 mT

8) Which diagram correctly shows the magnetic field lines created by a circular current loop in which
current flows in the direction shown?

a b c d e

ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

9) Two parallel and coaxial current loops of radius a are placed a distance 2L apart. The current in each ring
circulates in the same direction. At a point on the axis half way between the loops the magnetic field in T
has magnitude
a. 0.
b.
.

c.
.

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d.
.

e.
.

ANS: D PTS: 2 DIF: Average

10) Three coplanar parallel straight wires carry equal currents I as shown below. The current in the outer
wires is directed to the right, and that in the middle wire is directed to the left. Each pair of wires is a
distance a apart. The direction of the magnetic force on the middle wire

a. is up out of the plane of the wires.


b. is down into the plane of the wires.
c. is in the plane of the wires, directed upwards.
d. is in the plane of the wires, directed downwards
e. cannot be defined, because there is no magnetic force on the middle wire.

Chapter 29-Magnetic Fields

1) A particle (q = 5.0 nC, m = 3.0 µg) moves in a region where the magnetic field has components Bx = 2.0
mT, By = 3.0 mT, and Bz = −4.0 mT. At an instant when the speed of the particle is 5.0 km/s and the
direction of its velocity is 120° relative to the magnetic field, what is the magnitude of the acceleration of
the particle?
a. 33 m/s2
b. 17 m/s2
c. 39 m/s2
d. 25 m/s2
e. 45 m/s2
2) A particle (mass = 2.0 mg, charge = −6.0 µC) moves in the positive direction along the x axis with a
velocity of 3.0 km/s. It enters a magnetic field of ( ) mT. What is the acceleration of the
particle?
a. (36 − 27 ) m/s2
b. (−36 + 27 ) m/s2
c. (−24 + 18 ) m/s2
d. (24 − 18 ) m/s2
e. (24 − 27 ) m/s2

3) A straight wire is bent into the shape shown. Determine the net magnetic force on the wire when the
current I travels in the direction shown in the magnetic field .

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a. 2IBL in the −z direction


b. 2IBL in the +z direction
c. 4IBL in the +z direction
d. 4IBL in the −z direction
e. zero
4) What is the kinetic energy of an electron that passes undeviated through perpendicular electric and
magnetic fields if E = 4.0 kV/m and B = 8.0 mT?
a. 0.65 eV
b. 0.71 eV
c. 0.84 eV
d. 0.54 eV
e. 1.4 eV
5) An unusual lightning strike has a vertical portion with a positive current of +400 A upwards. The Earth's
magnetic field at that location is parallel to the ground and has a magnitude of 30 µT. In N, the force
exerted by the Earth's magnetic field on the 25 m-long current is
a. 0.
b. 0.012 N, East.
c. 0.012 N, West.
d. 0.30 N, West.
e. 300 N, East.

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