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Chemical composition of stainless steels to

BS EN 10088-2
Introduction
BS EN 10088-2 is the material standard for stainless steel sheet, plate and strip for
general purposes. A total of 83 stainless steel grades are listed, including 19 ferritic, 14
martensitic, 2 precipitation hardening, 40 austenitic and 8 austenitic-ferritic (duplex)
grades. The chemical compositions of these stainless steels are shown in this article.
As an alternative to scanning down the list try the 'find' facility on your keyboard, using
the 'Ctrl' and 'F' keys together. Type in the term you are looking for in the dialog box that
then appears.
The data given is not intended to replace that shown in individual standards to which
reference should always be made.
BS EN 10088-2:2005 Edition
BS EN 10088-2 was originally published in 1995. The second, current version, BS EN
10088-2:2005, has superseded BS EN 10088-2:1995, which was withdrawn by BSi on
20th June 2005.
The tables shown here only have the 2005 composition ranges.
There have been 17 new grades added and one ferritic grade, 1.4605 and one
precipitation hardening grade,1.4532 removed. The new grades are:
special ferritic grades 1.4595 and 1.4589
standard martensitic grades 1.4024, 1.4419 and 1.4110
special martensitic grades 1.4422 and 1.4423
special austenitic grades 1.4315, 1.4319, 1.4369, 1.4565, 1.4597,1.4652 and 1.4659
special duplex (austenitic-ferritic) grades 1.4424,1.4477,1.4655
These have been added into the tables as they are in the standard, where their
compositions best fit, rather than in strict numerical order.
The number of decimal places of elements including chromium, nickel and in some cases
molybdenum have also been reduced. For example in the 1995 edition the chromium
range for grade 1.4306 was shown as 18.00 to 20.00. The 2005 version has this as 18.0 to
20.0. On the other hand, the molybdenum range for grade 1.4401 has been left as 2.00 to
2.50, whereas for grade 1.4434 the range has been changed from 3.00 to 4.00. It is now
3.0 to 4.0.
Mill test certificates with certified items to the 2005 edition of the standard should only
have the number of decimal places for each element as shown in the standard.
It is important to carefully check the standard in cases of dispute.
A separate, important change has been the chromium range of grades 1.4301 and 1.4311.
In 1995 these were 17.00 to 19.50 but in 2005 the minimums have been raised and are
now 17.5 to 19.5.
The permissible product analysis tolerances on values for cast analysis, shown in Table 5
of the standard are unchanged. For example, for a cast of 1.4301 grade, with a specified
chromium range of 17.5 to 19.5, the tolerance on a product check sample is still + or -
0.20, not + or - 0.2 as might be expected. A single check sample on cast with a declared
analysis of say, 18.1 must therefore be between 17.90 and 18.30.
See table below for full details of permitted deviations of product analysi

BS EN 10088-2 chemical composition tables


Designation Chemical composition % by mass max unless stated
Steel
Steel name C Si Mn P S N Cr Mo Ni Others
number
Ferritic stainless steels - standard grades
0.0 10.5/1 0.30/1
X2CrNi12 1.4003 0.030 1.00 1.50 0.015 0.030 - -
40 2.5 .00
0.0 10.5/1 Ti:
X2CrTi12 1.4512 0.030 1.00 1.00 0.015 - - -
40 2.5 6(C+N)/0.65
0.0 10.5/1 0.50/1
X6CrNiTi12 1.4516 0.08 0.70 1.50 0.015 - - Ti: 0.05/0.35
40 2.5 .50
0.0 12.0/1
X6Cr13 1.4000 0.08 1.00 1.00 0.015 - - - -
40 4.0
0.0 12.0/1
X6CrAl13 1.4002 0.08 1.00 1.00 0.015 - - - Al: 0.10/0.30
40 4.0
0.0 16.0/1
X6Cr17 1.4016 0.08 1.00 1.00 0.015 - - - -
40 8.0
0.0 16.0/1 Ti: 4(C+N)
X3CrTi17 1.4510 0.05 1.00 1.00 0.015 - - -
40 8.0 +0.15/0.80
0.0 16.0/1
X3CrNb17 1.4511 0.05 1.00 1.00 0.015 - - - Nb :12C/1.00
40 8.0
0.0 16.0/1 0.90/1
X6CrMo17-1 1.4113 0.08 1.00 1.00 0.015 - - -
40 8.0 .40
X2CrMoTi18 0.0 17.0/2 1.80/2 Ti: 4(C+N)
1.4521 0.025 1.00 1.00 0.015 0.030 -
-2 40 0.0 .50 +0.15/0.80
Ferritic stainless steels - special grades
0.0 16.0/1
X2CrTi17 1.4520 0.025 0.50 0.50 0.015 0.015 - - Ti: 0.30/0.60
40 8.0
0.0 14.0/1 0.20/0
X1CrNb15 1.4595 0.020 1.00 1.00 0.015 0.020 - -
25 6.0 .60
X2CrMoTi17 0.0 16.0/1 0.80/1
1.4513 0.025 1.00 1.00 0.015 0.015 - Ti: 0.30/0.60
-1 40 8.0 .40
0.0 16.0/1 1.20/1
X6CrNi17-1 1.4017 0.08 1.00 1.00 0.015 - - -
40 8.0 .60
X5CrNiMoTi 0.0 13.5/1 0.20/1 1.00/2
1.4589 0.08 1.00 1.00 0.015 - Ti: 0.30/0.50
15-2 40 5.5 .20 .50
X6CrMoNb1 0.0 16.0/1 0.80/1 Nb:7(C+N)
1.4526 0.08 1.00 1.00 0.015 0.040 -
7-1 40 8.0 .40 +0.10/1.00
Zr: >7(C+N)
0.0 16.0/1
X2CrNbZr17 1.4590 0.030 1.00 1.00 0.015 - - - +0.15
40 7.5
Nb: 0.35/0.55
Ti: 0.10/0.60
0.0 17.5/1
X2CrTiNb18 1.4509 0.030 1.00 1.00 0.015 - - - Nb:
40 8.5
3C+0.30/1.00
X2CrMoTi29 0.0 28.0/3 3.50/4 Ti: 4(C+N)
1.4592 0.025 1.00 1.00 0.010 0.045 -
-4 30 0.0 .50 +0.15/0.80
Martensitic stainless steels - standard grades

0.08/0 0.0 11.5/1


X12Cr13 1.4006 1.00 1.50 0.015 - - 0.75 -
.15 40 3.5
0.12/0 0.0 12.0/1
X15Cr13 1.4024 1.00
1.00 0.015 - - - -
.17 40 4.0
0.16/0 0.0 12.0/1
X20Cr13 1.4021 1.00
1.50 0.015 - - - -
.25 40 4.0
0.26/0 0.0 12.0/1
X30Cr13 1.4028 1.00
1.50 0.015 - - - -
.35 40 4.0
0.36/0 0.0 12.5/1
X39Cr13 1.4031 1.00
1.00 0.015 - - - -
.42 40 4.5
0.43/0 0.0 12.5/1
X46Cr13 1.4034 1.00
1.00 0.015 - - - -
.50 40 4.5
0.36/0 0.0 13.0/1 0.60/1
X38CrMo14 1.4419 1.00
1.00 0.015 - - -
.42 40 4.5 .00
0.48/0 0.0 13.0/1 0.50/0
X55CrMo14 1.4110 1.00
1.00 0.015 - - V: 0.15
.60 40 5.0 .80
X50CrMoV1 0.45/0 0.0 14.0/1 0.50/0
1.4116 1.00
1.00 0.015 - - V: 0.10/0.20
5 .55 40 5.0 .80
X39CrMo17- 0.33/0 0.0 15.5/1 0.80/1
1.4122 1.00
1.50 0.015 - 1.00 -
1 .45 40 7.5 .30
X3CrNiMo1 0.0 12.0/1 0.30/0 3.5/4.
1.4313 0.05 0.70 1.50 0.015 - N: >0.020
3-4 40 4.0 .70 5
X4CrNiMo1 0.0 15.0/1 0.80/1 4.0/6.
1.4418 0.06 0.70 1.50 0.015 - N: >0.020
6-5-1 40 7.0 .50 0
Martensitic and precipitation-hardening steels - special grades
X1CrNiMoC 0.0 11.0/1 1.30/1 4.0/5.
1.4422 0.020 0.50 2.00 0.003 0.020 Cu 0.20/0.80
u12-5-2 40 3.0 .80 0
X1CrNiMoC 0.0 11.0/1 2.30/2 6.0/7.
1.4423 0.020 0.50 2.00 0.003 0.020 Cu 0.20/0.80
u12-7-3 40 3.0 .80 0
X5CrNiCuN 0.0 15.0/1 3.0/5. Cu 3.0/5.0
1.4542 0.07 0.70 1.50 0.015 - 0.60
b16-4 40 7.0 0 Nb 5C/0.45
X7CrNiAl17- 0.0 16.0/1 6.5/7.
1.4568 0.09 0.70 1.00 0.015 - - Al: 0.70/1.50
7 40 8.0 8
Austenitic stainless steels - standard grades
0.05/0 0.0 16.0/1 6.0/9.
X10CrNi18-8 1.4310 2.00 2.00 0.015 0.11 0.80 -
.15 45 9.0 5
X2CrNiN18- 0.0 0.10/0 16.5/1 6.0/8.
1.4318 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 - -
7 45 .20 8.5 0
0.0 17.5/1 8.0/10
X2CrNi18-9 1.4307 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 0.11 - -
45 9.5 .5
0.0 18.0/2 10.0/1
X2CrNi19-11 1.4306 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 0.11 - -
45 0.0 2.0
X2CrNiN18- 0.0 0.12/0 17.5/1 8.5/11
1.4311 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 - -
10 45 .22 9.5 .5
0.0 17.5/1 8.0/10
X5CrNi18-10 1.4301 0.07 1.00 2.00 0.015 0.11 - -
45 9.5 .5
X8CrNiS18- 0.0 0.15/0 17.0/1 8.0/10
1.4305 0.10 1.00 2.00 0.11 - Cu: 1.00
9 45 .35 9.0 .0
X6CrNiTi18- 0.0 17.0/1 9.0/12
1.4541 0.08 1.00 2.00 0.015 - - Ti: 5C/0.70
10 45 9.0 .0
0.0 17.0/1 11.0/1
X4CrNi18-12 1.4303 0.06 1.00 2.00 0.015 0.11 - -
45 9.0 3.0
X2CrNiMo1 0.0 16.5/1 2.00/2 10.0/1
1.4404 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 0.11 -
7-12-2 45 8.5 .50 3.0
X2CrNiMoN 0.0 0.12/0 16.5/1 2.00/2 10.0/1
1.4406 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 -
17-11-2 45 .22 8.5 .50 2.0
X5CrNiMo1 0.0 16.5/1 2.00/2 10.0/1
1.4401 0.07 1.00 2.00 0.015 0.11 -
7-12-2 45 8.5 .50 3.0
X6CrNiMoTi 0.0 16.5/1 2.00/2 10.5/1
1.4571 0.08 1.00 2.00 0.015 - Ti: 5C/0.70
17-12-2 45 8.5 .50 3.5
X2CrNiMo1 0.0 16.5/1 2.50/3 10.5/1
1.4432 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 0.11 -
7-12-3 45 8.5 .00 3.0
X2CrNiMo1 0.0 17.0/1 2.50/3 12.5/1
1.4435 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 0.11 -
8-14-3 45 9.0 .00 5.0
X2CrNiMoN 0.0 0.12/0 16.5/1 4.0/5. 12.5/1
1.4439 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 -
17-13-5 45 .22 8.5 0 4.5
X1NiCrMoC 0.0 19.0/2 4.0/5. 24.0/2
1.4539 0.020 0.70 2.00 0.010 0.15 Cu: 1.20/2.00
u25-20-5 30 1.0 0 6.0
Austenitic stainless steels - special grades
0.0 16.0/1 6.0/8.
X5CrNi17-7 1.4319 0.07 1.00 2.00 0.030 0.11 - -
45 8.0 0
X5CrNiN19- 0.0 0.12/0 18.0/2 8.0/11
1.4315 0.06 1.00 2.00 0.015 - -
9 45 .22 0.0 .0
0.0 24.0/2 20.0/2
X1CrNi25-21 1.4335 0.020 0.25 2.00 0.010 0.11 0.20 -
25 6.0 2.0
X6CrNiNb18 0.0 17.0/1 9.0/12 Nb:
1.4550 0.08 1.00 2.00 0.015 - -
-10 45 9.0 .0 10xC/1.00
X1CrNiMoN 0.0 0.10/0 24.0/2 2.00/2 21.0/2
1.4466 0.020 0.70 2.00 0.010 -
25-22-2 25 .16 6.0 .50 3.0
X6CrNiMoN 0.0 16.5/1 2.00/2 10.5/1 Nb:
1.4580 0.08 1.00 2.00 0.015 -
b17-12-2 45 8.5 .50 3.5 10xC/1.00
X2CrNiMoN 0.0 0.12/0 16.5/1 2.50/3 11.0/1
1.4429 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 -
17-3-3 45 .22 8.5 .00 4.0
X3CrNiMo1 0.0 16.5/1 2.50/3 10.5/1
1.4436 0.05 1.00 2.00 0.015 0.11 -
7-13-3 45 8.5 .00 3.0
X2CrNiMoN 0.0 0.10/0 16.5/1 3.0/4. 10.5/1
1.4434 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 -
18-12-4 45 .20 9.5 0 4.0
X2CrNiMo1 0.0 17.5/1 3.0/4. 13.0/1
1.4438 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 0.11 -
8-15-4 45 9.5 0 6.0
X1CrNiMoC 2.00/ 0.0 0.45/0 23.0/2 7.0/8. 21.0/2
1.4652 0.020 0.50 0.005 Cu: 0.30/0.60
uN24-22-8 4.0 30 .55 5.0 0 3.0
X1CrNiSi18- 3.7/4. 0.0 16.5/1 14.0/1
1.4361 0.015 2.00 0.010 0.11 0.20 -
15-4 5 25 8.5 6.0
X11CrNiMn 0.07/0 0.50/1 5.0/7 0.0 0.20/0 17.5/1 6.5/8.
1.4369 0.015 - -
N19-8-6 .15 .00 .5 30 .30 9.5 5
X12CrMnNi 5.5/7 0.0 0.05/0 16.0/1 3.5/5.
1.4372 0.15 1.00 0.015 - -
N17-7-5 .5 45 .25 8.0 5
X2CrMnNiN 6.0/8 0.0 0.15/0 16.0/1 3.5/5.
1.4371 0.030 1.00 0.015 - -
17-7-5 .0 45 .20 7.0 5
X12CrMnNi 7.5/1 0.0 0.05/0 17.0/1 4.0/6.
1.4373 0.15 1.00 0.015 - -
N18-9-5 0.5 45 .25 9.0 0
B:0.0005/0.00
X9CrMnCuN 6.5/8 0.0 0.15/0 16.0/1
1.4597 0.10 2.00 0.030 1.00 2.00 50
B17-8-3 .5 40 .30 8.0
Cu: 2.00/3.5
X1NiCrMo3 0.0 26.0/2 3.0/4. 30.0/3
1.4563 0.020 0.70 2.00 0.010 0.11 Cu: 0.70/1.50
1-27-4 30 8.0 0 2.0
X1CrNiMoC 0.0 0.17/0 24.0/2 4.7/5. 24.0/2
1.4537 0.020 0.70 2.00 0.010 Cu: 1.00/2.00
uN25-25-5 30 .25 6.0 7 7.0
X1CrNiMoC 0.0 0.18/0 19.5/2 6.0/7. 17.5/1
1.4547 0.020 0.70 1.00 0.010 Cu: 0.50/1.00
uN20-18-7 30 .25 0.5 0 8.5
X1CrNiMoC 2.00/ 0.0 0.35/0 23.0/2 5.5/6. 21.0/2 Cu: 1.00/2.00
1.4659 0.020 0.70 0.010
uNW24-22-6 4.0 30 .50 5.0 5 3.0 W: 1.50/2.50
X1NiCrMoC 0.0 0.15/0 19.0/2 6.0/7. 24.0/2
1.4529 0.020 0.50 1.00 0.010 Cu: 0.50/1.50
uN25-20-7 30 .25 1.0 0 6.0
X2CrNiMnM 5.0/7 0.0 0.30/0 24.0/2 4.0/5. 16.0/1
1.4565 0.030 1.00 0.015 Nb: 0.15
oN25-18-6-5 .0 30 .60 6.0 0 9.0
Austenitic-ferritic stainless steels-standard grades
X2CrNiN23- 0.0 0.05/0 22.0/2 0.10/0 3.5/5.
1.4362 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 Cu 0.10/0.60
4 35 .20 4.0 .60 5
X2CrNiMoN 0.0 0.10/0 21.0/2 2.50/3 4.5/6.
1.4462 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 -
12-5-3 35 .22 3.0 .50 5
Austenitic-ferritic stainless steels-special grades
X2CrNiCuN 0.0 0.05/0 22.0/2 0.10/0 3.5/5.
1.4655 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 Cu: 1.00/3.00
23-4 35 .20 4.0 .60 5
X2CrNiMoN 0.80/ 0.0 0.30/0 28.0/3 1.50/2 5.8/7.
1.4477 0.030 0.50 0.015 Cu: 0.80
29-7-2 1.50 30 .40 0.0 .60 5
X2CrNiMoC 0.0 0.20/0 24.0/2 3.0/4. 6.0/8.
1.4507 0.030 0.70 2.00 0.015 Cu: 1.00/2.50
uN25-6-3 35 .30 6.0 0 0
X2CrNiMoN 0.0 0.24/0 24.0/2 3.0/4. 6.0/8.
1.4410 0.030 1.00 2.00 0.015 -
25-7-4 35 .35 6.0 5 0
X2CrNiMoC 0.0 0.20/0 24.0/2 3.0/4. 6.0/8. Cu: 0.50/1.00
1.4501 0.030 1.00 1.00 0.015
uWN25-7-4 35 .30 6.0 0 0 W: 0.50/1.00
X2CrNiMoSi 1.40/2 1.20/ 0.0 0.05/0 18.0/1 2.50/3 4.5/5.
1.4424 0.030 0.015 -
18-5-3 .00 2.00 35 .10 9.0 .0 2

Permissible product analysis tolerances on the cast


analysis ranges given in EN 10088-2
Specified Limits Permissible tolerance
Elem
on Cast Analysis on product analysis
ent
(%) (%) Related Articles
< 0.030 +0.005
Carb > 0.030 < 0.20 ±0.01
1. Chemical composition of stainless steels to BS
on > 0.20 < 0.50 ±0.02 EN 10088-3
> 0.50 < 0.60 ±0.03 2. Chemical composition of stainless steels to BS
Silico < 1.00 ±0.05
n > 1.00 < 4.5 ±0.10 EN 10095
Mang
< 1.00 +0.03 3. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of
> 1.00 < 2.00 ±0.04
anese martensitic stainless steels to BS EN 10088-2
> 2.00 < 10.5 ±0.10
Phos 4. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of
phoru < 0.045 +0.005 ferritic stainless steels to BS EN 10088-2
s
< 0.015 +0.003 5. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of
Sulph
ur
> 0.015 < 0.030 ±0.005 precipitation hardening stainless steels to BS EN
> 0.15 < 0.35 ±0.02 10088-2
Nitro < 0.11 ±0.01
gen > 0.11 < 0.50 ±0.02 6. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of
Chro
> 10.5 < 15.0 ±0.15 austenitic stainless steels to BS EN 10088-2
> 15.0 < 20.0 ±0.20
mium
> 20.0 < 30.0 ±0.25
7. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of
Copp < 1.00 ±0.07 austenitic-ferritic (duplex) stainless steels to BS
er > 1.00 < 5.0 ±0.10 EN 10088-2
Moly <0.60 ±0.03
bden > 0.60 < 1.75 ±0.05
um > 1.75 < 8.0 ±0.10
Niobi
um
< 1.00 ±0.05 Ambient temperature
mechanical properties of
< 1.00 ±0.03
> 1.00 < 5.0 ±0.07
Nick
> 5.0 < 10.0 ±0.10
el
> 10.0 < 20.0 ±0.15
> 20.0 < 32.0 ±0.20
Alum > 0.10 < 0.30 ±0.05
austenitic stainless steels
inium > 0.30 < 1.50 ±0.10
Boro <
±0.0005
to BS EN 10088-2
n 0.0050
Titan
< 0.80 ±0.05
Introduction
ium
Tung
< 2.50 ±0.05
BS EN 10088-2 is the material standard for stainless
sten
Vana
steel sheet, plate and strip for general purposes. This
< 0.20 ±0.03 article gives the 0.2% and 1.0% proof strength, tensile
dium
strength and elongation of the 40 austenitic grades
specified. The standard also specifies includes impact properties and resistance to
intergranular corrosion acceptance criteria. For reasons of space, these are omitted from
the tables shown here.
As an alternative to scanning down the list try the 'find' facility on your keyboard, using
the 'Ctrl' and 'F' keys together. Type in the term you are looking for in the dialog box that
then appears.
The data given is not intended to replace that shown in individual standards to which
reference should always be made.
BS EN 10088-2:2005 Edition
BS EN 10088-2 was originally published in 1995. The second, current version, BS EN
10088-2:2005, has superseded BS EN 10088-2:1995, which was withdrawn by BSi on
20th June 2005.
The tables shown here only have the 2005 tensile property ranges of the austenitic steels.
Seven new 'special' austenitic grades, 1.4315, 1.4319, 1.4369, 1.4565, 1.4597, 4652 and
1.4659 have been added.
The maximum thickness ranges for the specification of mechanical properties have been
extended for strip products.
Cold rolled strip, C has been increased from 6 to 8mm max
Hot rolled strip, H has been increased from 12 to 13.5mm max
The only changes to tensile properties are increases of maximum tensile strength for
grades 1.4307 and 1.4306. These have been increased from 650 or 670, depending on
product form, to 700 N/mm2.
BS EN 10088-2 mechanical properties - austenitic stainless steels
Designation Mechanical properties min unless stated
Product Proof strength
Steel Tensile
Max Elongatio
Steel name numbe Form Rp0.2 3),4)
Rp1.0 3),4)
strength Rm
thickness n5),6) %
r 2)
N/mm2 N/mm2 N/mm2
mm
Austenitic stainless steels in the solution annealed condition1) - standard grades
X10CrNi18-
1.4310 C 8 250 280 600/950 40
8
C 8 350 380 650/850 40
X2CrNiN18
1.4318 H 13.5 330 370 650/850 40
-7
P 75 330 370 630/830 45
C 8 220 250 520/700 45
X2CrNi18-9 1.4307 H 13.5 200 240 520/700 45
P 75 200 240 500/700 45
C 8 220 250 520/700 45
X2CrNi19-
1.4306 H 13.5 200 240 520/700 45
11
P 75 200 240 500/700 45
C 8 290 320 550/750 40
X2CrNiN18
1.4311 H 13.5 270 310 550/750 40
-10
P 75 270 310 550/750 40
C 8 230 260 540/750 45
X5CrNi18-
1.4301 H 13.5 210 250 520/720 45
10
P 75 210 250 520/720 45
X8CrNiS18-
1.4305 P 75 190 230 500/700 35
9
C 8 220 250 520/720 40
X6CrNiTi18
1.4541 H 13.5 200 240 520/720 40
-10
P 75 200 240 500/700 40
X4CrNi18-
1.4303 C 8 220 250 500/650 45
12
C 8 240 270 530/680 40
X2CrNiMo1
1.4404 H 13.5 220 260 530/680 40
7-12-2
P 75 220 260 520/670 45
C 8 300 330 580/780 40
X2CrNiMo
1.4406 H 13.5 280 320 580/780 40
N17-11-2
P 75 280 320 580/780 40
C 8 240 270 530/680 40
X5CrNiMo1
1.4401 H 13.5 220 260 530/680 40
7-12-2
P 75 220 260 520/670 45
C 8 240 270 540/690 40
X6CrNiMoT
1.4571 H 13.5 220 260 540/690 40
i17-12-2
P 75 220 260 520/670 40
C 8 240 270 550/700 40
X2CrNiMo1
1.4432 H 13.5 220 260 550/700 40
7-12-3
P 75 220 260 520/670 45
C 8 240 270 550/700 40
X2CrNiMo1
1.4435 H 13.5 220 260 550/700 40
8-14-3
P 75 220 260 520/670 45
C 8 290 320 580/780 35
X2CrNiMo
1.4439 H 13.5 270 310 580/780 35
N17-13-5
P 75 270 310 580/780 40
C 8 240 270 530/730 35
X1NiCrMo
1.4539 H 13.5 220 260 530/730 35
Cu25-20-5
P 75 220 260 520/720 35
1)
Austenitic stainless steels in the solution annealed condition - special grades
C 3 230 260 550/750 45
X5CrNi17-7 1.4319
H 6 230 260 550/750 45
C 8 290 330 500/720 40
X5CrNiN19
1.4315 H 13.5 270 310 500/750 40
-9
P 75 270 310 500/750 40
X1CrNi25-
1.4335 P 75 200 240 470/670 40
21
C 8 220 250 520/720 40
X6CrNiNb1
1.4550 H 13.5 200 240 520/720 40
8-10
P 75 200 240 500/700 40
X1CrNiMn2 1.4466 P 75 250 290 540/740 40
5-22-2
X6CrNiMo
1.4580 P 75 220 260 520/720 40
N17-13-2
C 8 300 330 580/780 35
X2CrNiMo
1.4429 H 13.5 280 320 580/780 35
N17-13-3
P 75 280 320 580/780 40
C 8 240 270 550/700 40
X3CrNiMo1
1.4436 H 13.5 220 260 550/700 40
7-13-3
P 75 220 260 530/730 40
C 8 290 320 570/770 35
X2CrNiMo
1.4434 H 13.5 270 310 570/770 35
N18-12-4
P 75 270 310 540/740 40
C 8 240 270 550/700 35
X2CrNiMo1
1.4438 H 13.5 220 260 550/700 35
8-15-4
P 75 220 260 520/720 40
C 8 430 470 750/1000 40
X1CrNiMo
1.4652 H 13.5 430 470 750/1000 40
CuN24-22-8
P 75 430 470 750/1000 40
X1CrNiSi18
1.4361 P 75 220 260 530/730 40
-15-4
X11CrNiMn
1.4369 C 4 340 370 750/950 35
N19-8-6
C 8 350 380 750/950 45
X12CrMnNi
1.4372 H 13.5 330 370 750/950 45
N17-7-5
P 75 330 370 750/950 40
C 8 300 330 650/850 45
X2CrMnNi
1.4371 H 13.5 280 320 650/850 45
N17-7-5
P 75 280 320 630/830 35
C 8 340 370 680/880 45
X12CrMnNi
1.4373 H 13.5 320 360 680/880 45
N18-9-5
P 75 320 360 600/800 35
X8CrMnCu C 8 300 330 580/780 40
1.4597
NB17-8-3 H 13.5 300 330 580/780 40
X1NiCrMo
1.4563 P 75 220 260 500/700 40
Cu31-27-4
X1CrNiMo
1.4537 P 75 290 330 600/800 40
CuN25-25-5
C 8 320 350 650/850 35
X1CrNiMo
1.4547 H 13.5 300 340 650/850 35
CuN20-18-7
P 75 300 340 650/850 40
X1CrNiMo
CuNW24- 1.4659 P 75 420 460 800/1000 40
22-6
X1NiCrMo 1.4529 P 75 300 340 650/850 40
CuN25-20-7
X2CrNiMn C 8 420 460 800/950 30
MoN25-18- 1.4565 H 10 420 460 800/950 30
6-5 P 40 420 460 800/950 30

Note
8. The solution treatment may be omitted if the conditions for hot working and
subsequent cooling are such that the requirements for the mechanical properties of
the product and the resistance to intergranular corrosion as defined in EN ISO
3651-2 are obtained.
9. C= Cold rolled strip; H= hot rolled strip; P= hot rolled plate.
10. If, in the case of strip in rolling widths<300mm, longitudinal test pieces are taken,
the minimum values are reduced as follow:
proof strength: minus 15N/mm2
elongation for constant gauge length: minus 5%
elongation for proportional gauge length: minus 2%
11. For continuously hot rolled products, 20N/mm2 higher minimum values of Rp0.2
and 10N/mm2higher minimum values of Rp1.0 may be agreed at the time of enquiry
and order.
12. The values apply for test pieces with a gauge length of 80mm and a width of
20mm. Test pieces with a gauge length of 50mm and a width of 12.5mm can also
be used.
13. The values apply for test pieces with a gauge length of 5.65 So0.5
Related Articles
1. Chemical composition of stainless steels to BS EN 10088-2
2. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of ferritic stainless steels to BS EN
10088-2
3. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of martensitic stainless steels to BS
EN 10088-2
4. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of precipitation hardening stainless
steels to BS EN 10088-2
5. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of austenitic-ferritic (duplex)
stainless steels to BS EN 10088-2

Ambient temperature mechanical


properties of ferritic stainless steels to BS
EN 10088-2
Introduction
BS EN 10088-2 is the material standard for stainless steel sheet, plate and strip for
general purposes. This article gives the 0.2% and 1.0% proof strength, tensile strength
and elongation of the 19 ferritic grades specified. The standard also specifies the
resistance to intergranular corrosion acceptance criteria. For reasons of space, these are
omitted from the tables shown here.
As an alternative to scanning down the list try the 'find' facility on your keyboard, using
the 'Ctrl' and 'F' keys together. Type in the term you are looking for in the dialog box that
then appears.
The data given is not intended to replace that shown in individual standards to which
reference should always be made.
BS EN 10088-2:2005 Edition
BS EN 10088-2 was originally published in 1995. The second, current version, BS EN
10088-2:2005, has superseded BS EN 10088-2:1995, which was withdrawn by BSi on
20th June 2005.
The tables shown here only have the 2005 tensile property ranges of the ferritic steels.
Two new 'special' ferritic grades, 1.4589 and 1.4589 have been added and grade 1.4605
removed. The specified proof and tensile strengths for grade 1.4017 have been lowered.
The maximum thickness ranges for the specification of mechanical properties have been
extended for strip products.
Cold rolled strip, C has been increased from 6 to 8mm max
Hot rolled strip, H has been increased from 12 to 13.5mm max
BS EN 10088-2 mechanical properties - ferritic stainless steels
Designation Mechanical properties min unless stated
Proof strength Elongation A80mm2) for <
Product 2
Steel Rp0.2 N/mm Tensile 3mm A3) for > 3mm
Steel
numb Max strength Rm
name Form Longit Trans
er 1) thicknes N/mm2 %
udinal verse
s mm
Ferritic stainless steels at room temperatures in the annealed condition- standard
grades
C 8 280 320 450/650 20
X2CrNi 1.400
H 13.5 280 320 450/650 20
12 3
P 254) 250 280 450/650 18
X2CrTi 1.451 C 8 210 220 380/560 25
12 2 H 13.5 210 220 380/560 25
C 8 280 320 450/650 23
X6CrNi 1.451
H 13.5 280 320 450/650 23
Ti12 6 4)
P 25 250 280 450/650 20
C 8 240 250 400/600 19
1.400
X6Cr13 H 13.5 220 230 400/600 19
0 4)
P 25 220 230 400/600 19
C 8 230 250 400/600 17
X6CrAl 1.400
H 13.5 210 230 400/600 17
13 2 4)
P 25 210 230 400/600 17
X6Cr17 1.401 C 8 260 280 450/600 20
6 H 13.5 240 260 450/600 18
P 254) 240 260 430/630 20
X3CrTi 1.451 C 8 230 240 420/600 23
17 0 H 13.5 230 240 420/600 23
X3CrN 1.451
C 8 230 240 420/600 23
b17 1
X6CrM 1.411 C 8 260 280 450/630 18
o17-1 3 H 13.5 260 280 450/630 18
C 8 300 320 420/640 20
X2CrM 1.452
H 13.5 280 300 400/600 20
oTi18-2 1
P 12 280 300 420/620 20
Ferritic stainless steels at room temperatures in the annealed condition- special
grades
X2CrTi 1.452
C 8 180 200 380/530 24
17 0
X1CrN 1.459
C 8 210 220 380/560 25
b15 5
X2CrM 1.451
C 8 200 220 400/550 23
oTi17-1 3
X6CrNi 1.401
C 8 330 350 500/750 12
17-1 7
X5CrNi C 8 400 420 550/750 16
1.458
MoTi1
9 H 13.5 360 380 550/750 14
5-2
X6CrM
1.452
oNb17- C 8 280 300 480/560 25
6
1
X2CrN 1.459
C 8 230 250 400/550 23
bZr17 0
X2CrTi 1.450
C 8 230 250 430/630 18
Nb18` 9
X2CrM 1.459
C 8 430 450 550/700 20
oTi29-4 2

Note
14. C= Cold rolled strip; H= hot rolled strip; P= hot rolled plate.
15. The values apply for test pieces with a gauge length of 80mm and a width of
20mm. Test pieces with a gauge length of 50mm and a width of 12.5mm can also
be used.
16. The values apply for test pieces with a gauge length of 5.65 So0.5
17. For thicknesses above 25mm, the mechanical properties can be agreed.
Related Articles
6. Chemical composition of stainless steels to BS EN 10088-2
7. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of martensitic stainless steels to BS
EN 10088-2
8. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of precipitation hardening stainless
steels to BS EN 10088-2
9. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of austenitic stainless steels to BS EN
10088-2
10. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of austenitic-ferritic (duplex)
stainless steels to BS EN 10088-2

Ambient temperature mechanical


properties of martensitic stainless steels to
BS EN 10088-2
Introduction
BS EN 10088-2 is the material standard for stainless steel sheet, plate and strip for
general purposes.
This article gives the 0.2% proof strength, tensile strength, elongation and hardness
levels, where specified, of the 14 martensitic grades listed in the standard. The standard
also specifies includes impact properties fro some grades. For reasons of space, these are
omitted from the tables shown here.
As an alternative to scanning down the list try the 'find' facility on your keyboard, using
the 'Ctrl' and 'F' keys together. Type in the term you are looking for in the dialog box that
then appears.
The data given is not intended to replace that shown in individual standards to which
reference should always be made.
BS EN 10088-2:2005 Edition
BS EN 10088-2 was originally published in 1995. The second, current version, BS EN
10088-2:2005, has superseded BS EN 10088-2:1995, which was withdrawn by BSi on
20th June 2005. The tables shown here only have the 2005 tensile and where appropriate,
hardness, property ranges of the martensitic steels. Three new standard, 1.4024 1.4419
and 1.4110 and two new special 1.4422 and 1.4423 martensitic grades have been added.
The maximum thickness ranges for the specification of mechanical properties have been
extended for strip products.
Cold rolled strip, C has been increased from 6 to 8mm max
Hot rolled strip, H has been increased from 12 to 13.5mm max
Grade 1.4021 has had tensile maxima added for cold rolled strip products. Grades 1.4313
and 1.4418 have had changes made to the specified proof strengths. In addition the
elongation minimum for 1.4313 and the tensile range for 1.4418 have been changed.
BS EN 10088-2 mechanical properties - martensitic stainless steels
Designation Mechanical properties min unless stated
Steel Steel Product Heat Proof Tensile Elongation A80mm4) Hardness3)
name num treatment strength strength for < 3mm A5) for
ber condition2) Rp0.2N/mm2 RmN/mm2 >3mm
F
Thickn H H
or H H
ess mm % R R
m B V
1) max. B C
Martensitic stainless steels in the heat treated condition-standard steels
20
C 8 A - <600 20 90 - -
0
20
X12Cr13 1.4006 H 13.5 A - <600 20 90 - -
0
6)
P 75 QT550 400 550/750 15 - - - -
P6) 75 QT650 450 650/850 12 - - - -
20
C 8 A - <650 20 90 - -
0
20
H 13.5 A - <650 20 90 - -
X15Cr13 1.4024 0
P 75 A - - - - - - -
P 75 QT550 400 550/750 15 - - - -
P 75 QT650 450 650/850 12 - - - -
44/ 440/
C 3 QT - - - - -
50 530
22
C 8 A - <700 15 95 - -
5
X20Cr13 1.4021
22
H 13.5 A - <700 15 95 - -
5
6)
P 75 QT650 450 650/850 12 - - - -
P6) 75 QT750 550 750/950 10 - - - -
45/ 450/
C 3 QT - - - - -
51 550
23
C 8 A - <740 15 97 - -
X30Cr13 1.4028 5
23
H 13.5 A - <740 15 97 - -
5
6)
P 75 QT800 600 800/1000 10 - - - -
47/ 480/
C 3 QT - - - - -
53 580
24
X39Cr13 1.4031 C 8 A - <760 12 98 - -
0
24
H 13.5 A - <760 12 98 - -
0
24
C 8 A - <780 12 99 - -
5
X46Cr13 1.4034
24
H 13.5 A - <780 12 99 - -
5
46/ 450/
C 3 QT - - - - -
52 560
X38CrMo 23
1.4419 C 4 A - <760 15 97 - -
14 5
23
H 6.5 A - <760 15 97 - -
5
10 28
C 8 A - <850 12 - -
0 0
X55CrMo
1.4110 10 28
14 H 13.5 A - <850 12 - -
0 0
P 75 A - - - - - - -
10 28
C 8 A - <850 12 - -
X46CrMo 0 0
1.4116
V15 10 28
H 13.5 A - <850 12 - -
0 0
X39CrMo 1.4122 47/ 480/
C 3 QT - - - - -
17-1 53 580
C 8 A - <900 12 10 28 - -
0 0
10 28
H 13.5 A - <900 12 - -
0 0
X3CrNiM P 75 QT780 630 780/980 15 - - - -
1.4313
o13-4 P 75 QT900 800 900/1100 11 - - - -
X4CrNiM
1.4418 P 75 QT840 660 840/1100 14 - - - -
o16-5-1
Martensitic stainless steels in the heat treated condition-special steels
10 30
H 13.5 A 550 750/950 15 - -
X1CrNiM 0 0
1.4422
oCu12-5-2 <30
P 75 QT650 550 750/950 15 - - -
0
10 30
H 13.5 A 550 750/950 15 - -
X1CrNiM 0 0
1.4423
oCu12-7-3 <30
P 75 QT650 550 750/950 15 - - -
0

Note
18. C= Cold rolled strip; H= hot rolled strip; P= hot rolled plate.
19. A= annealed, QT= quenched and tempered.
20. The Brinell or Vickers or Rockwell hardness is normally determined for product
forms C and H in heat-treatment condition A. The tensile test shall be carried out
in referee testing.
21. The values apply for test pieces with a gauge length of 80mm and a width of
20mm. Test pieces with a gauge length of 50mm and a width of 12.5mm can also
be used.
22. The values apply for test pieces with a gauge length of 5.65 So0.5
23. Plates may also be delivered in the annealed condition; in such cases the
mechanical properties are to be agreed at the time of enquiry and order.
Related Articles
11. Chemical composition of stainless steels to BS EN 10088-2
12. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of ferritic stainless steels to BS EN
10088-2
13. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of precipitation hardening stainless
steels to BS EN 10088-2
14. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of austenitic stainless steels to BS EN
10088-2
15. Ambient temperature mechanical properties of austenitic-ferritic (duplex)
stainless steels to BS EN 10088-2

Ambient temperature mechanical


properties of austenitic-ferritic (duplex)
stainless steels to BS EN 10088-2
Introduction
BS EN 10088-2 is the material standard for stainless steel sheet, plate and strip for
general purposes. This article gives the 0.2% and 1.0% proof strength, tensile strength
and elongation of the 8 austenitic-ferritic (duplex) grades specified. The standard also
specifies includes impact properties and resistance to intergranular corrosion acceptance
criteria. For reasons of space, these are omitted from the tables shown here.
As an alternative to scanning down the list try the 'find' facility on your keyboard, using
the 'Ctrl' and 'F' keys together. Type in the term you are looking for in the dialog box that
then appears.
The data given is not intended to replace that shown in individual standards to which
reference should always be made.
BS EN 10088-2:2005 Edition
BS EN 10088-2 was originally published in 1995. The second, current version, BS EN
10088-2:2005, has superseded BS EN 10088-2:1995, which was withdrawn by BSi on
20th June 2005.
The tables shown here only have the 2005 tensile property ranges of the austenitic-ferritic
(duplex) steels. Three new 'special' duplex grades, 1.4655, 1.4477 and 1.4424 have been
added.
The maximum thickness ranges for the specification of mechanical properties have been
extended for strip products.
Cold rolled strip, C has been increased from 6 to 8mm max
Hot rolled strip, H has been increased from 12 to 13.5mm max
Changes, usually involving increases, have been made to some of the specified proof,
tensile and elongation properties for grades 1.4362, 1.4462, 1.4507 and 1.4410.
BS EN 10088-2 mechanical properties - austenitic-ferritic (duplex)
stainless steels
Designation Mechanical properties min unless stated
Product
Steel Tensile
Steel Max Proof strength Elongatio
numbe 2),3) 2 strength Rm
name Form thickness Rp0.2 N/mm
1)
n4),5) %
r N/mm2
mm
Austenitic-ferritic stainless steels in the solution annealed condition-standard
grades
C 8 450 650/850 20
X2CrNiN2
1.4362 H 13.5 400 650/850 20
3-4
P 75 400 630/800 25
C 8 500 700/950 20
X2CrNiM
1.4462 H 13.5 460 700/950 25
oN22-5-3
P 75 460 640/840 25
Austenitic-ferritic stainless steels in the solution annealed condition-special
grades
C 8 420 600/850 20
X2CrNiCu
1.4655 H 13.5 400 600/850 20
N23-4
P 75 400 630/800 25
C 8 650 800/1050 20
X2CrNiM
1.4477 H 13.5 550 750/1000 20
oN29-7-2
P 75 550 750/1000 20
X2CrNiM C 8 550 750/1000 20
oCuN25- 1.4507 H 13.5 530 750/1000 20
6-3 P 75 530 730/930 25
C 8 550 750/1000 20
X2CrNiM
1.4410 H 13.5 530 750/1000 20
oN25-7-4
P 75 530 730/930 20
X2CrNiM
oCuWN25 1.4501 P 75 530 730/930 25
-7-4
C 8 450 700/900 25
X2CrNiM
1.4424 H 13.5 450 700/900 25
oSi18-5-3
P 75 400 680/900 25

Note
24. C= Cold rolled strip; H= hot rolled strip; P= hot rolled plate.
25. If, in the case of strip in rolling widths < 300mm, longitudinal test pieces are
taken, the minimum proof strength values are reduced by 15N/mm2
26. For continuously hot rolled products, 20N/mm2 higher minimum values of Rp0.2
may be agreed at the time of enquiry and order.
27. The values apply for test pieces with a gauge length of 80mm and a width of
20mm. Test pieces with a gauge length of 50mm and a width of 12.5mm can also
be used.
28. The values apply for test pieces with a gauge length of 5.65 So0.5

Ambient temperature mechanical


properties of precipitation hardening
stainless steels to BS EN 10088-2
Introduction
BS EN 10088-2 is the material standard for stainless steel sheet, plate and strip for
general purposes. This article gives the 0.2% proof strength, tensile strength and
elongation levels, where specified, of the 2 precipitation hardening grades listed in the
standard. (Grade 1.4532, that appeared in the 1995 version of BS EN 10088 is not
specified in the 2005 editions.)
The data given is not intended to replace that shown in individual standards to which
reference should always be made.
BS EN 10088-2:2005 Edition
BS EN 10088-2 was originally published in 1995. The second, current version, BS EN
10088-2:2005, has superseded BS EN 10088-2:1995, which was withdrawn by BSi on
20th June 2005.
The tables shown here have the 2005 tensile property ranges of the 2 precipitation
hardening steels 1.4542 and 1.4568. The specified properties have not been changed for
these grades.
The maximum thickness ranges for the specification of mechanical properties have been
extended for strip products. Cold rolled strip, C has been increased from 6 to 8mm max
BS EN 10088-2 mechanical properties - precipitation hardening
stainless steels
Designation Mechanical properties min unless stated
Product
Steel Heat Tensile
Steel Thicknes Proof strength Elongatio
numbe treatment 2 strength Rm
name Form 1)
s mm Rp0.2 N/mm n3),4) %
r condition2) N/mm2
max
Precipitation hardening stainless steels in the heat treated condition-special grades
(martensitic steel)
C 8 AT5) - <1275 5
6)
C 8 P1300 1150 1300 3
6)
X5CrNi C 8 P900 700 900 6
CuNb1 1.4542 P 50 P10707) 1000 1070/1270 10
6-4 P 50 P950 7)
800 950/1150 12
7)
P 50 P850 600 850/1050 14
P 50 SR6308) - <1050 -
5),9)
X7CrAl C 8 AT - <1030 19
1.4568
17-7 C 8 P1450 6)
1310 1450 2

Note
29. C= Cold rolled strip; H= hot rolled strip; P= hot rolled plate.
30. AT = solution annealed; P = precipitation hardened; SR= strength relieved.
31. The values apply for test pieces with a gauge length of 80mm and a width of
20mm. Test pieces with a gauge length of 50mm and a width of 12.5mm can also
be used.
32. The values apply for test pieces with a gauge length of 5.65 So0.5
33. Delivery condition.
34. Condition of application; other precipitation hardening temperatures may be
agreed.
35. If ordered in the finally treated condition.
36. Delivery condition for further processing; final treatment according to table A.3
of BS EN 10088-2.
37. For spring-hard rolled condition see EN 10151

Tolerances to ISO 9445 for


cold rolled narrow and wide
strip, plate/sheet and cut
lengths
General
This standard is designed to bring together tolerances for cold rolled narrow and wide
strip. It has officially superseded EN 10258 and EN 10259 although of course
customers and suppliers are entitled to continue to use these standards. In most
respects the tolerances from these standards are identical to the ones in this new ISO
standard. The major differences are:

1. Additional table for wide strip is included which is based on Japanese practice.
2. Slightly different edge camber tolerances than in EN 10259 for wide strip.
3. Provision for width tolerance on wide strip with mill edges.

Narrow strip is defined as having a rolled width of < 600mm and thickness < 3mm.
This is the same definition as in EN 10258. This covers material slit from such products
and cut lengths.
Wide strip is defined as having a rolled width of 600 - 2100 mm from 0.3-8.0mm thick.
It therefore includes material slit from this product with actual width < 600mm and
sheet/plate
The phrase "specified thickness" is preferred to "nominal thickness" in this ISO
standard.
There is a view that the combination of all cold rolled products into one standard can
be confusing. There are moves towards separating out narrow and wide products into
two standards. This summary adopts this approach as for every tolerance type there
are different values for narrow and wide products.

Narrow strip
Thickness tolerance
Tolerances on specified thickness for narrow cold rolled strip

Specified Thickness (t) w < 125 125 < w < 250 250 < w < 600
Normal Fine (F) Precision(P) Normal Fine (F) Precision(P) Normal Fine (F) Precision(P)
0.05 < t < 0.10 ±0.10t ±0.06t ±0.04t ±0.12t ±0.10t ±0.08t ±0.15t ±0.10t ±0.08t
0.10 < t < 0.15 ± 0.010 ±0.008 ±0.006 ±0.015 ±0.012 ±0.008 ±0.020 ±0.015 ±0.010
0.15 < t < 0.20 ±0.015 ±0.010 ±0.008 ±0.020 ±0.012 ±0.010 ±0.025 ±0.015 ±0.012
0.20 < t < 0.25 ±0.015 ±0.012 ±0.008 ±0.020 ±0.015 ±0.010 ±0.025 ±0.020 ±0.012
0.25 < t < 0.30 ±0.017 ±0.012 ±0.009 ±0.025 ±0.015 ±0.012 ±0.030 ±0.020 ±0.015
0.30 < t < 0.40 ±0.020 ±0.015 ±0.010 ±0.025 ±0.020 ±0.012 ±0.030 ±0.025 ±0.015
0.40 < t < 0.50 ±0.025 ±0.020 ±0.012 ±0.030 ±0.020 ±0.015 ±0.035 ±0.025 ±0.018
0.50 < t < 0.60 ±0.030 ±0.020 ±0.014 ±0.030 ±0.025 ±0.015 ±0.040 ±0.030 ±0.020
0.60 < t < 0.80 ±0.030 ±0.025 ±0.015 ±0.035 ±0.030 ±0.018 ±0.040 ±0.035 ±0.025
0.80 < t < 1.00 ±0.030 ±0.025 ±0.018 ±0.040 ±0.030 ±0.020 ±0.050 ±0.035 ±0.025
1.00 < t < 1.20 ±0.035 ±0.030 ±0.020 ±0.045 ±0.035 ±0.025 ±0.050 ±0.040 ±0.030
1.20 < t < 1.50 ±0.040 ±0.030 ±0.020 ±0.050 ±0.035 ±0.025 ±0.060 ±0.045 ±0.030
1.50 < t < 2.00 ±0.050 ±0.035 ±0.025 ±0.060 ±0.040 ±0.030 ±0.070 ±0.050 ±0.035
2.00 < t < 2.50 ±0.050 ±0.035 ±0.025 ±0.070 ±0.045 ±0.030 ±0.080 ±0.060 ±0.040
2.50 < t < 3.00 ±0.060 ±0.045 ±0.030 ±0.070 ±0.050 ±0.035 ±0.090 ±0.070 ±0.045
1. This table is identical to the table in EN 10258.
2. By agreement the tolerances may alternatively be totally + or totally - or unevenly
distributed. In any case the total tolerance shall be as in the table.
3. For thicknesses below 0.05mm the values for the tolerances are to be agreed at the time of
the enquiry and order.

Width tolerance
Tolerances on width for narrow cold rolled strip and cut lengths

Specified Specified Width (w)


w < 40 40 < w < 125 125 < w < 250 250 < w < 600
Thickness Normal Fine (F) Precision Normal Fine (F) Precision Normal Fine (F) Precision Normal Fine (F) Precision
(t) (P) (P) (P) (P)
t < 0.25 +0.17/-0 +0.17/-0 +0.10/-0 +0.20/-0 +0.15/-0 +0.12/-0 +0.25/-0 +0.20/-0 +0.15/-0 +0.50/-0 +0.50/-0 +0.40/-0
0.25 < t < 0.50 +0.20/-0 +0.15/-0 +0.12/-0 +0.25/-0 +0.20/-0 +0.15/-0 +0.30/-0 +0.22/-0 +0.17/-0 +0.60/-0 +0.50/0 +0.40/-0
0.50 < t < 1.00 +0.25/-0 +0.20/-0 +0.15/-0 +0.25/-0 +0.22/-0 +0.17/-0 +0.40/-0 +0.25/-0 +0.20/-0 +0.70/-0 +0.60/-0 +0.50/-0
1.00 < t < 1.50 +0.25/-0 +0.22/-0 +0.15/-0 +0.30/-0 +0.25/-0 +0.17/-0 +0.50/-0 +0.30/-0 +0.22/-0 +1.0/-0 +0.70/-0 +0.60/-0
1.50 < t < 2.50 --- --- --- +0.40/-0 +0.25/-0 +0.20/-0 +0.60/-0 +0.40/-0 +0.25/-0 +1.0/-0 +0.80/-0 +0.60/-0
2.50 < t < 3.00 --- --- --- +0.50/-0 +0.3/-0 +0.25/-0 +0.6/-0 +0.40/-0 +0.25/-0 +1.2/-0 +1.0/-0 +0.80/-0

1. This table is identical to the one in EN 10258.


2. By agreement, the tolerances may be equally ± or all negative. In both cases, the total range
of the tolerances shall be as in the table.

Length tolerance

Length tolerances for cut lengths from narrow strip


Tolerances
Specified length L
Normal Special
L < 2000 +3/-0 +1.5/-0
2000 < L < 4000 +5/-0 +2/-0

1. This is identical to the table in EN 10258

Edge camber

Tolerances on edge camber for cold rolled narrow strip and cut lengths
Edge camber tolerances for measuring lengths
Specified
1000 2000 1000 2000
width w
Normal Precision
10 < w < 25 4 16 1.5 6
25 < w < 40 3 12 1.25 5
40 < w < 125 2 8 1.0 4
125 < w < 600 1.5 6 0.75 3

1. This table is identical to the one in EN 10258.


2. If applicable, both measuring lengths shall be used.
3. These tolerances do not apply to the work hardened condition. Any requirement for this
material shall be agreed at the time of enquiry and order.

Out of squareness
The out of squareness tolerance for cut lengths from narrow strip > 250mm shall not
exceed 0.5% of the actual width of the product.
For widths < 250mm the tolerances shall be agreed at the time of enquiry and order.
These requirements are identical to those in EN 10258.

Flatness
The flatness tolerance for cut lengths from narrow strip shall not exceed 10mm for
normal cases and 7mm where a special tolerance is required.
This does not apply to material in the work hardened condition which must be agreed
at the time of the enquiry and order.
These requirements are identical to those in EN 10258.

Edge Waviness
For skin passed or stretch levelled narrow strip, the ratio of the wave height to wave
length shall be a maximum of 0.03 for specified thicknesses < 1.00mm and a
maximum of 0.02 for > 1.00mm.
These requirements are identical to those in EN 10258.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------

Wide strip
Thickness tolerance
The standard allows for two methods for defining thicknesses tolerance:
Method A - identical to EN 10259. Thickness is measured at any point located more
than 20mm from the edge for slit edges and 30mm for mill edges.
Method B - Thickness is measured at any point located more than 15mm from the edge
for slit edges and 25mm for mill edges. This is similar to Japanese standards.

Tolerances on specified thickness for cold rolled wide strip Method A


Normal tolerances for a nominal width w of Special tolerances (S) for a nominal width w of
Specified thickness (t)
w<1000 1000<w<1300 1300<w<2100 w<1000 1000<w<1300 1300<w<2100
t < 0.30 ±0.030 -- -- ±0.020 -- --
0.30 < t < 0.50 ±0.04 ±0.04 -- ±0.025 ±0.030 --
0.50 < t < 0.60 ±0.045 ±0.05 -- ±0.030 ±0.035 --
0.60 < t < 0.80 ±0.05 ±0.05 -- ±0.035 ±0.040 --
0.80 < t < 1.00 ±0.055 ±0.06 ±0.06 ±0.040 ±0.045 ±0.050
1.00 < t < 1.20 ±0.06 ±0.07 ±0.07 ±0.045 ±0.045 ±0.050
1.20 < t < 1.50 ±0.07 ±0.08 ±0.08 ±0.050 ±0.055 ±0.060
1.50 < t < 2.00 ±0.08 ±0.09 ±0.10 ±0.055 ±0.060 ±0.070
2.00 < t < 2.50 ±0.09 ±0.10 ±0.11 -- -- --
2.50 < t < 3.00 ±0.11 ±0.12 ±0.12 -- -- --
3.00 < t < 4.00 ±0.13 ±0.14 ±0.14 -- -- --
4.00 < t < 5.00 ±0.14 ±0.15 ±0.15 -- -- --
5.00 < t < 6.50 ±0.15 ±0.15 ±0.16 -- -- --
6.50 < t < 8.00 ±0.16 ±0.17 ±0.17

1. This table is similar to that in EN 10259 except that there is an extra line for 6.50 < t < 8.00.
2. Also there are some differences in the number of decimal places for Special tolerances.
3. Thickness is measured at any point located more than 20mm from the edge for slit edges and
30mm for mill edges - defined as Method A.
4. For strip and cut lengths < 30mm wide the thickness shall be measured at the centre of the
strip.

Tolerances on specified thickness for cold rolled wide strip Method B


Normal tolerances for a nominal width w of Special tolerances (S) for a nominal width w of
Specified thickness (t)
w<1000 1000<w<1300 1300<w<2100 w<1000 1000<w<1300 1300<w<2100
t < 0.30 ±0.030 -- -- ±0.030 -- --
0.30 < t < 0.50 ±0.04 ±0.04 -- ±0.030 ±0.035 --
0.50 < t < 0.60 ±0.045 ±0.05 -- ±0.035 ±0.035 --
0.60 < t < 0.80 ±0.05 ±0.05 -- ±0.040 ±0.040 --
0.80 < t < 1.00 ±0.055 ±0.06 ±0.07 ±0.040 ±0.050 ±0.050
1.00 < t < 1.20 ±0.06 ±0.07 ±0.08 ±0.050 ±0.055 ±0.060
1.20 < t < 1.50 ±0.08 ±0.08 ±0.10 ±0.055 ±0.060 ±0.060
1.50 < t < 2.00 ±0.08 ±0.09 ±0.11 ±0.065 ±0.070 ±0.080
2.00 < t < 2.50 ±0.09 ±0.11 ±0.13 -- -- --
2.50 < t < 3.00 ±0.11 ±0.13 ±0.15 -- -- --
3.00 < t < 4.00 ±0.14 ±0.15 ±0.16 -- -- --
4.00 < t < 5.00 ±0.15 ±0.17 ±0.19 -- -- --
5.00 < t < 6.00 ±0.17 ±0.20 ±0.23 -- -- --
6.00 < t < 8.00 ±0.17 ±0.22 ±0.25
1. Thickness is measured at any point located more than 15mm from the edge for slit edges and
25mm for mill edges - defined as Method B.
2. For strip and cut lengths < 30mm wide the thickness shall be measured
at the centre of the strip.
3. Note the difference in the last two thickness bands compared to Method
A.

Width tolerance
Provision is made in this standard for width tolerances for mill edges.
For wide strip and sheet/plate cut from wide strip with mill edges < 1000mm, the
tolerance is +25/-0mm.
For wider material the tolerance is +30/-0mm.
For wide strip with slit edges the tolerances are as in the table below:
Tolerances on wide cold rolled strip and sheet/plate cut from wide strip
Special tolerances (S)1) for
Normal tolerances for a specfied width w of
Specified thickness (t) a nominal width w of
w<125 125<w<250 250<w<600 600<w<1000 1000<w<2100 w<125 125<w<250 250<w<600
t < 1.00 +0.5/-0 +0.5/-0 +0.7/-0 +1.5/-0 +2.0/-0 +0.3/-0 +0.3/-0 +0.6/-0
1.00 < t < 1.50 +0.7/-0 +0.7/-0 +1.0/-0 +1.5/-0 +2.0/-0 +0.4/-0 +0.5/-0 +0.7/-0
1.50 < t < 2.50 +1.0/-0 +1.0/-0 +1.2/-0 +2.0/-0 +2.5/-0 +0.6/-0 +0.7/-0 +0.9/-0
2.50 < t < 3.50 +1.2/-0 +1.2/-0 +1.5/-0 +3.0/-0 +3.0/-0 +0.8/-0 +0.9/-0 +1.0/-0
3.50 < t < 8.00 +2.0/-0 +2.0/-0 +1.2/-0 +4.0/-0 +4.0/-0 -- -- --
1. By special agreement, products can be supplied with permissible undersizes on the nominal
width. In this case, the values in this table apply as the oversize plus undersize range. E.g. 1.20 mm
thick, 700 mm wide could be ordered to +1.0/-0.5mm by agreement.
2. For material with edges re-cut by shearing, the tolerances on width may by agreement be
increased to 5mm
3. This table is similar to that in EN 10259 except that the highest nominal thickness is now
8.00mm.

Length tolerance
Length tolerances also have both 'normal' and 'special' tolerance ranges. 'Special'
tolerance should be specifically requested. Each range is proportional to the length of
the sheet or cut length, with a minimum tolerance at 2000mm length. Unlike the old
standards, these tolerances apply for any length that can be supplied, and across the
whole thickness range.
Tolerances
Nominal Length L 1. This is identical to that in
Normal Special (S)
EN 10259
L < 2000 +5/-0 +3/-0
2000 < L +0.0025 x L/-0 +0.0015 x L/-0
Edge camber

Tolerances on edge camber for wide strip and plate/sheet


from wide strip
Edge camber tolerances for
Specified width measuring
(w) lengths
1000 2000
10 < w < 40 2.5 10
40 < w < 125 2 8
125 < w < 600 1.5 6
600 < w < 2100 1 4

1. If applicable both measuring lengths shall be used.


2. This table is the same as that in EN 10259 for widths from 40mm upwards. Two width
bands in EN 10259 have been combined in this standard into the 10-40mm band and new values
specified.

Out of Squareness
As in EN 10259 there are two ways to specify out of squareness and the values are
identical to this standard.
Out of squareness is defined in Fig 2 below:
OR
Option 2 - shall not exceed the values in the table:
All dimensions in mm
Length L of sheet plate
Maximum difference in diagonal
or cut
lengths
length
L < 3000 6
3000 < L < 6000 10
> 6000 15

Ordered format
When ordering an agreement may be made that the ordered format (i.e. width and
length) be contained in every piece supplied. In this case, the tolerances on width,
length, edge camber and out of squareness shall be agreed at the time of the enquiry
and order.
Flatness tolerance

The flatness tolerance of of strip, sheet/plate and cut length shall not exceed 10mm for
normal cases and 7mm where a special tolerance (FS) is required for length <
3000mm and 12mm for normal cases and 8mm where a special tolerance (FS) is
required for length > 3000mm.
This is identical to the requirements of EN 10259.
These requirements do not apply to work hardened material or condition 2D.
The flatness can be measured in the following ways:
a) For maximum deviation from a flat horizontal surface, with the product lying under
its own mas on a flat surface, the maximum deviation from flatness in the maximum
distance between the lower surface of the product and the flat horizontal surface.
b) To measure the flatness, the product shall be laid on an approximately flat surface.
Deviation with respect to flatness shall be taken as the greatest distance between the
product and a straight edge placed upon it. The straight edge should be either 1000 or
2000mm long. It may be placed on the product at any position and in any direction.
Only the position of the points of contact of product and straight edge shall be taken
into account.
Unless otherwise agreed, the choice of measurement methid is left to
the manufacturer.
Edge waviness
For strip, the waviness of the edges, i.e. the ratio of wave height (h) to wave length (l)
shall be max 0.03 for all thicknesses.
This requirement does not apply to work hardened material or condition 2D.

Related Articles

1. Tolerances to BS EN 10258 for cold rolled narrow stainless steel strip


2. Tolerances to BS EN 10259 for cold rolled wide stainless steel strip
3. Tolerances to ISO 9444 for continuously rolled hot rolled strip, plate/sheet and cut lengths

Tolerances to ISO 9444 for


continuously rolled hot rolled
strip, plate/sheet and cut
lengths
General
This standard covers continuously rolled hot rolled flat products of all rolled widths <
2500mm in stainless steels. It therefore is designed to replace EN 10048 and EN 10051
for narrow and wide products respectively. The maximum width is increased to 2500
mm compared to EN 10051.
The full use of ISO 9444 is awaiting the withdrawal of stainless steels from EN 10048
and EN 10051, However, it can be used by agreement between customer and supplier.
Tolerances are defined for thickness is < 13mm. Special agreement is required for >
13mm.
Two categories of steel are defined:
Category A - all stainless steels not in Category B
Category B - stainless steels with Ni > 20% or Mo > 2% or N > 0.11%. It is somewhat
ambiguous for steels where the specified N range is above and below the 0.11% level.
This simple categorisation removes the apparent omission from EN 10051 of duplex
and precipitation hardening steels. It also removes the difference between ferritic and
martensitic grades and non-Mo austenitics.
The following table shows the category for some of the more common stainless steels:

Steel Category for Common Stainless Steels


Category A Category B
1.4003 1.4016(430) 1.4301(304) 1.4401(316) 1.4404(316L) 1.4462(2205)
1.4307(304L) 1.4542 (17-4 PH) 1.4539(904L) 1.4547(254SMO)
1.4362(2304)?

Thickness
There are 2 tables, one for hot rolled wide strip and sheet/plate cut from it and one for
narrow strip and lengths cut from it.
Thickness tolerances for hot rolled wide strip
Tolerances on specified thickness for nominal width (w)
Specified w < 1200 1200 < w < 1500 1500 < w < 1800 w > 1800
thickness (t) Category A Category B Category A Category B Category A Category B Category A Category B
t < 2.0 ± 0.22 ± 0.24 ± 0.25 ± 0.27 ± 0.27 ± 0.29 -- --
2.0 < t < 2.5 ± 0.23 ± 0.25 ± 0.27 ± 0.29 ± 0.30 ± 0.32 ± 0.33 ± 0.35
2.5 < t < 3.0 ± 0.26 ± 0.28 ± 0.29 ± 0.31 ± 0.31 ± 0.34 ± 0.34 ± 0.36
3.0 < t < 4.0 ± 0.29 ± 0.31 ± 0.31 ± 0.34 ± 0.34 ± 0.36 ± 0.35 ± 0.38
4.0 < t < 5.0 ± 0.31 ± 0.34 ± 0.34 ± 0.36 ± 0.36 ± 0.39 ± 0.38 ± 0.41
5.0 < t < 6.0 ± 0.34 ± 0.36 ± 0.36 ± 0.39 ± 0.38 ± 0.41 ± 0.40 ± 0.43
6.0 < t < 8.0 ± 0.38 ± 0.41 ± 0.39 ± 0.42 ± 0.40 ± 0.43 ± 0.46 ± 0.49
8.0 < t <10.0 ± 0.42 ± 0.45 ± 0.43 ± 0.46 ± 0.44 ± 0.48 ± 0.52 ± 0.56
10.0 < t <13.0 ± 0.46 ± 0.49 ± 0.47 ± 0.50 ± 0.48 ± 0.52 ± 0.56 ± 0.60
t >13.0 The tolerances have to be agreed at the time of enquiry and order
These tolerances include crown
The thickness shall be measured at any point at least 40mm from the edges for
products with mill edges and at least 25mm from the edges for products with trimmed
edges.
The tolerances shall not apply to the uncropped ends of the coil for a total length L in
metres which is calculated using the formula:
L = 90/t (in mm) provided that the result does not exceed 20 metres per coil.
Trimmed or sheared edges may have burrs.
Thickness tolerances for hot rolled
narrow strip
Fine tolerances on specified
Specified thickness for widths <
thickness (t) 600mm
Category FA Category FB
0.80 < t < 1.50 ± 0.12 ± 0.13
1.50 < t < 2.0 ± 0.14 ± 0.16
2.0 < t < 4.0 ± 0.16 ± 0.17
4.0 < t < 5.0 ± 0.17 ± 0.18
5.0 < t < 6.0 ± 0.18 ± 0.20
6.0 < t < 8.0 ± 0.19 ± 0.21
8.0 < t < 10.0 ± 0.21 ± 0.23
10.0 < t < 13.0 ± 0.23 ± 0.25
For widths up to 30mm, the thickness is measured at any point on the longitudinal
axis.
For widths above 30mm it is measured at any point at least 10mm or 15mm from the
longitudinal edges for slit or mill edges respectively.

Thickness variations for strip intended for cold rolling


EN 10051 was somewhat ambiguous in this area. This standard is quite specific.
Permitted thickness difference within one coil for cold rolling wide strip
Permitted thickness differences for width of strip w
Specified thickness (t)
w < 1200 1200 < w < 1500 1500 < w < 2500
t < 2.0 0.20 0.24 0.28
2.0 < t < 3.0 0.22 0.27 0.33
3.0 < t < 4.0
4.0 < t < 8.0 0.28 0.32 0.40
8.0 < t < 13.0
For narrow strip the difference in thickness throughout one coil shall not exceed:
0.14mm for specified thicknesses < 4mm
0.17mm for specified thicknesses > 4 < 8mm

Length tolerance
These apply to both wide and narrow products cut from coils
Tolerances
Specified length (L)
Lower Upper
L < 2000 0 + 10
2000 < L < 20000 0 + 0.005 x L
L > 20000 To be agreed
The length shall be measured along one of the longer edges of the sheet/plate.

Width tolerance
For wide strip and sheet/plate cut from wide strip with thickness < 10mm, the
tolerance on width is +20/-0 for mill edges and +5/-0 for slit edges. For thickness >
10mm, the width tolerance shall be agreed at the time of enquiry and order.
For narrow strip and lengths cut from narrow strip with slit edges the width tolerances
are as in the table below:
Tolerances on width for narrow strip and cut lengths
Tolerances on width for specified thickness of
Specified width (w)
< 3.0 > 3.0 < 5.0 > 5.0 < 7.0 > 7.0 < 8.0 > 8.0 < 13.0
w < 250 +0.5/-0 +0.7/-0 +0.8/-0 +1.2/-0 +1.8/-0
250 < w < 600 +0.6/-0 +0.8/-0 +1.0/-0 +1.4/-0 +2.0/-0
For narrow strip and lengths cut from narrow strip with mill edges the width tolerances
shall be agreed at the time of enquiry and order.

Flatness
For cut lengths from narrow strip the flatness tolerance measured on any 2000mm or
less of length shall be 15mm.
For plate/sheet cut from wide strip of thickness < 13mm, the flatness tolerance shall
be as in table below.
Tolerances on flatness for sheet/plate
Tolerances on flatness for category
Specified width (w)
A B
600 < w < 1200 23 26
1200 < w < 1500 30 33
w > 1500 38 42
The flatness shall be determined by measuring the deviation in distance between the
product and a flat horizontal surface on which it is placed.

Out of squareness
This shall not exceed 1% of the actual width of the plate as defined by the diagram
below:

Edge camber
For sheet/plate cut from wide strip edge camber shall not exceed 0.5% of the specified
length for a specified length of < 5000mm.
For sheet/plate cut from wide strip with a specified length > 5000mm, the edge
camber shall not exceed 20mm for any length of 5000mm for sheet/plate with mill
edges and 15mm for sheet/plate with slit edges.
For cut lengths from narrow strip < 2mm, the tolerance on edge camber shall be
agreed at time of enquiry and order.
For cut lengths from narrow strip > 2mm, the tolerance on edge camber relative to a
length of 2500mm shall be:
- 20mm for cut lengths of widths < 40mm ------------------------(1)
- 10mm for cut lengths of widths > 40mm and < 600mm ---(2)
For measured lengths (L) other than 2500mm, the tolerance on edge camber shall be
calculated on the basis of the following formula:
Tolerance on edge camber = (L2/25002) x tolerance defined in (1) and (2) above,
rounded up to nearest mm.
For example, if measured on a length of 3000mm, the tolerances would be increased
to 1.44 x 20mm and 1.44 x 10mm = 29mm and 15mm.
Edge camber is measured as in the diagram below:
Superposition of dimensions
By agreement at the time of enquiry and order the tolerances on out of squareness
and edge camber may be replaced by a requirement that a perfect rectangle of the
ordered dimensions can be superimposed on the delivered sheets/plates or cut
lengths.

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Featured Articles
1. Tolerances - Proposed New Standards for Stainless Steel Flat Products
2. Structural Sections in Stainless Steel
3. European EN Standard Grade Summary
4. Tolerances to ISO 9445 for cold rolled narrow and wide strip, plate/sheet and cut lengths
5. Tolerances to ISO 9444 for continuously rolled hot rolled strip, plate/sheet and cut lengths
6. Tolerances to ISO 18286 for hot rolled stainless steel quarto plates
7. Specifying mechanically polished, brushed and buffed stainless steel finishes and their
applications

Tolerances to ISO 18286 for


hot rolled stainless steel
quarto plates
General
This standard covers hot rolled stainless steel plates rolled on a reversing mill known
as quarto plate. It may also be taken to cover plate rolled on a Steckel mill but taken
out of the process before coiling has begun.
For continously hot rolled plate (CPP), ISO 9444 is applicable.
It replaces EN 10029 which was not specifically for stainless steel. It removes some
anomalies and ambiguities from that standard.
One interpretation of the standard is that no ground area of the plate may fall below
the minimum thickness tolerance. This is in contrast to EN 10163 which was referred to
in EN 10029 and allowed some areas to be below minimum thickness.
The 4 Classes of thickness tolerance (A-D) in EN 10029 have been replaced by one
class which is similar to Class B - minimum tolerance of 0.3mm under nominal
thickness.
There are no tolerances on the maximum difference allowed within a plate.
The flatness tolerance is dependent on grade.
Provision is made for different width and length tolerances depending on the method of
cutting.

Thickness
The tolerance under nominal thickness is 0.3mm.
Tolerance on thickness for hot rolled quarto plate

Nominal Width w
thickness t w < 2100 2100 < w < 3000 3000 < w < 3600 w > 3600
t < 10 +1.15 +1.30 +2.15 ---
10 < t < 20 +1.40 +1.55 +2.15 +2.30
20 < t < 25 +1.55 +1.65 +2.15 +2.55
25 < t < 50 +1.80 +1.90 +2.40 +2.95
50 < t < 75 +2.55 +2.75 +2.95 +3.15
75 < t < 100 +2.75 +2.95 +3.15 +3.35
100 < t < 150 +2.95 +3.15 +3.35 +3.55
150 < t < 200 +3.35 +3.55 +3.75 +3.95
200 < t < 250 +3.75 +3.95 +4.15 +4.35

1. It is not possible to make an exact comparison with EN 10029 as the thickness bands are
different. However, the following comparison of some typical thicknesses gives an idea:
Tolerances on thickness for typical plate sizes in EN 10029 and ISO 18286
Thickness Width EN 10029 Class B ISO 18286
5 2000 +1.2 +1.15
5 3000 +1.2 +2.15
10 2000 +1.4 +1.40
10 3000 +1.4 +2.15
30 2000 +1.9 +1.80
30 3000 +1.9 +2.40
50 2000 +2.5 +2.55
50 3000 +2.5 +2.95
100 2000 +2.9 +2.95
100 3000 +2.9 +3.35
2. In general, wider plate has more generous tolerances than in EN 10029.
3.
4. For plates with trimmed edges, the thickness shall be measured at any point > 10mm and <
75mm from a longitudinal edge.
Width and length tolerance
There are 3 classes of tolerance for width and length for plates with trimmed edges A -
C. This is dependent on the method of cutting the plates.
Class A - cutting method not specified. By implication includes shearing.
Class B - flame-cut plate. Probably intended to mean plasma.
Class C - abrasive cut plate. Probably intended to mean water-jet cutting.
There is no mention of other cutting methods such as laser.
Tolerances on mill edge plate shall be agreed at the time of enquiry and order.
Tolerances on width for class A
Tolerances
Nominal width w
lower upper
600 < w < 2000 0 +15
2000 < w < 3000 0 +20
w > 3000 0 +25
Tolerances on length for class A
Tolerances
Nominal length L
lower upper
600 < L < 4000 0 + 20
4000 < L < 6000 0 + 30
6000 < L < 8000 0 + 40
8000 < L < 10000 0 + 50
10000 < L < 15000 0 + 75
15000 < L < 20000 0 +100
Tolerances on plates with a nominal length of > 20000mm shall be agreed at the time
of enquiry and order.
Tolerances on width and length for Class B
Tolerances
Nominal thickness t
lower upper
t < 50 0 +10
50 < t < 75 0 +13
75 < t < 150 0 +19

Tolerances on width and length for Class C


Tolerances
Nominal thickness t
lower upper
t < 25 3.2 3.2
25 < t < 50 3.2 4.8
50 < t < 75 3.2 6.4
75 < t < 100 3.2 7.9

1. For plates of thickness > 100mm width and length tolerance for Class C must be agreed at
the time of the enquiry and order.
Edge camber and out of squareness
For plate with trimmed edges, the edge camber shall not exceed 0.5% of the nominal
length of the plate. Out of squareness shall not exceed 1% of the nominal width of the
plate. For comparison, EN 10029 has an edge camber of 0.2% and out of squareness of
1%.
For plate with untrimmed edges in the enquiry and in the purchase order, the edge
camber and out of squareness shall be limited so that it is possible to inscribe a
rectangle of the nominal length and width of the ordered plate within the delivered
size. In EN 10029, the inscribed rectangle definition was not restricted to plates with
untrimmed edges.

Flatness
There are two levels of tolerance normal (Class N) and special (Class S). The class shall
be specified at the time of enquiry and order. If not specified, the manufacturer can
supply to either class.
For both classes the tolerance is dependent on the steel type:
Type A - All grades not of type B
Type B - stainless steel grades with Ni > 20% OR Mo > 2% or N > 0.11%.
Flatness tolerance Class N
Steel Type A Steel Type B
Nominal thickness t Measuring length
1000 2000 1000 2000
4<t<5 9 14 12 17
5<t<8 8 12 11 15
8 < t < 15 7 10 10 14
15 < t < 25 7 10 10 13
25 < t < 40 6 9 9 12
40 < t < 250 5 8 8 11

1. Unless otherwise specified, the measuring length is at the manufacturer's discretion.


2. If the distance between the points of contact of the straight edge and plate is < 1000mm, the
deviation shall comply with the following:

Steel Type A - Maximum of 1% of the distance between the points of contact


between > 300mm and < 1000mm.

Steel Type B - Maximum of 1.5% of the distance between the points of contact
between > 300mm and < 1000mm.

but not exceeding the values in the table for Class N.

Flatness tolerance Class S


Steel Type A
Steel type B
Width < 2750 Width> 2750
Nominal thickness t
Measuring length
1000 2000 1000 2000 1000 2000
3<t<8 4 8 5 10 Shall be agreed at time of
enquiry and
8 < t < 250 3 6 3 6 order

1. Unless otherwise specified, the measuring length is at the manufacturer's discretion.


2. If the distance between the points of contact of the straight edge and plate is < 1000mm, the
deviation shall comply with the following:
Maximum of 0.5% of the distance between the points of contact but not exceeding the values in the
table for Class S. (By implication, this note applies to steel type A since for steel type B, tolerances
are agreed at the time of enquiry and order. However, the standard is somewhat unclear. It is also
not clear why the 300mm minimum length does not apply for class S as compared with class N).

It is quite difficult to compare the flatness tolerances in EN 10029 and ISO 18286, as
the definition of steel types is totally different. In EN 10029 which was for all steels,
steel types were L and H split by yield strength above and below 460 N/mm2. This
meant that most stainless steels fell into steel type L. Even the nitrogen strengthened
steels were in this type. Therefore, 304 and 316 were given the same flatness
tolerance. The effect of the new standard is to put Mo and N bearing steels into the
steel type B and therefore giving less stringent flatness tolerances than previously.
An approximate comparison is shown in the following table for a 10mm plate in various
grades of steel using the 2000mm measuring length:

Comparison of flatness Class N EN 10029 and ISO 18286


Steel grade Tolerance EN 10029 Tolerance ISO 18286
1.4003 (3CR12) 11 10
1.4028 (420) 14 10
1.4301 (304) 11 10
1.4362 (2304) 11 10/14? (N is 0.05/0.020%)
1.4401 (316) 11 14
1.4410 (2507) 14 14
1.4462 (2205) 14 14
1.4501 (Zeron 100) 14 14
1.4542 (17-4 PH) 14 11
1.4547 (254SMO) 11 14
1.4845 (310) 11 14
It can be argued that neither standard is completely consistent on this subject. For
example, martensitic grades in the quench and tempered condition or high yield
strength PH grades are expected to have a better flatness than 316. This may not be
realistic.

Related Articles

1. Tolerances to ISO 9444 for continuously rolled hot rolled strip, plate/sheet and cut lengths
2. Tolerances to EN 10029 for hot rolled plate 3mm and above
3. Tolerances to EN 10051 for continuously rolled hot rolled plate sheet and strip
Specifying mechanically
polished, brushed and buffed
stainless steel finishes and
their applications
Introduction
Mechanical finishes for stainless steels are covered as finish codes G, J, K and P in
BSEN 10088-2. Terms grinding, polishing, brushing and buffing even when used along
with these codes are not sufficient to accurately define the finish. There can often be
confusion about what these terms mean.
To precisely specify a finish also requires agreed samples. Contamination rust staining
on mechanically polished stainless steel surfaces is often the result of using
contaminated finishing media, often via hand tools which have previously been used
on carbon steel.
See Euroinox publication The Mechanical Finishing of Decorative Stainless Steel
Surfaces for more information.

Polishing
Both grinding and polishing involve the deliberate removal of metal from the surface
using an abrasive. The resulting surface will have some directional marks, partially
dependent on the grit size of abrasive used. In the case of the very fine abrasives used
in polishing it should only be possible to see any 'directional marks' under a
microscope. Viewed normally 1P/2P finishes should appear non-directional. Satin
finishes (2K of BSEN 10088-2) are an intermediate between dull polished (2J of BSEN
10088-2) and bright polished (2P of BSEN 10088-2). These finishes can be enhanced by
a final brushing operation.Mill finishes '1' and '2' are described in the article Specifying
finishes for stainless steel flat products (sheet and plate)
There is no accepted definition of an abrasive grain or grit size that differentiates
grinding from polishing. As a guide, but not a definition, grit sizes of 80 and coarser
would be associated with grinding, whereas grit sizes of 120 and finer are used in
preparing polished finishes. Like polishing, which often involves using successively
finer abrasive grit sizes to obtain the desired final finish, grinding can also involve more
than one abrasion stage.
The final grit size used in both grinding and polishing does not fully define the finish
and must not be used in an attempt to specify a ground or polished finish on stainless
steel. Other parameters such as abrasive pressure, contact time, material feed rate
and whether the operations are done dry or wet all affect the character of the finish
produced.
Mechanical finishes merely described as 'satin', 'polished', 'dull', 'bright' or 'mirror' can
vary quite significantly between mechanical finishing contractors.
The correct choice of steel grade is also important when considering bright polished
finishes.Grades such as 1.4541 and 1.4571, which contain small amounts of titanium to
improve their "intercystalline" corrosion resistance, cannot be expected to be capable
of completely defect-free mirror polished finishes. "Flaky" surface defects are likely to
be left after polishing as the hard titanium carbide particles are dislodged from the
softer surrounding steel surface. When 2P finishes are required the alternative 1.4307
or 1.4306 and 1.4404 or 1.4432 should be selected

Brushing
Although brushing normally involves the use of a fine abrasive action on the surface of
the metal, in contrast to grinding and polishing there is no deliberate attempt to
remove a surface layer. Rather it is modified by the action of bristles or a nylon fabric
medium (Scotch-Brite) that may have some fine abrasive or lubricant included.
Although it can be a single stage process, following a suitable polishing preparation
stage, brushing can be done in several stages to obtain a particular finish. Brushed
finishes have the same special finish code, 2J in BSEN 10088-2 as dull polished.

Buffing
In buffing no attempt is made to remove metal from the surface. Buffing is only
intended to smooth and brighten the existing surface. Traditionally buffing uses cotton
or felt based media, often with the addition of lubricants applied to the buffing wheel.
Whenever buffing is being considered as the final finishing operation, it is important
that the pretreated (or existing) surface is defined and controlled. Buffing cannot be
used as a substitute for polishing to obtain finishes such as 1P/2P on 'intermediate'
abraded ground or polished surfaces. It will only smooth down the surface and will not
impart the same characteristics as if the surface has been abraded with successively
finer grit sizes (ie as in polishing).
Buffing cannot be used as shortcut to obtaining a polished finish. If the surface that is
to be finished by buffing is too coarse, there is risk that traces of the underlying
surface finish will be visible on the finally buffed surface.

Specifying mechanically finished stainless steel


surfaces
An excellent source of information for specifying mechanically finished stainless steel
surfaces is the BSSA 'Stainless Steel Surface Finishes' manual. This has an extensive
range of surface finish swatch samples, literature and contact details of finishing
companies.
Ground and polished (satin) finishes
Mechanically ground and polished finishes for stainless steel flat products are specified
in BSEN 10088-2 in Table 6 as 'special finishes'. Typical Ra surface roughness
measurements in micro-metres are based on manufacturers or surface finishing
contractors' data. Normally only one surface is required to meet the agreed standard
of finish. Stainless steel long products to BSEN 10088-3 only have two special finishes
defined G, centreless ground and P, polished.
Finishing Typical (Ra)
Abbreviation Process Notes micro-
Route metres
Can be based on either 1or 2 ex-mill finishes. A unidirectional texture,
1G or 2G Ground -
not very reflective. Grade of grit surface roughness can be specified.
Can be based on either 1 or 2 ex-mill finishes. Smoother than G with a
Brushed or
1J or2J unidirectional texture, not very reflective. Grade of brush or polishing 0.5-1.5
dull polished
belt or surface roughness can be specified.
1K or 2K Satin Can be based on either 1 or 2 ex-mill finishes. Smoothest of the special less than 0.5
polished non-reflective finishes supporting the appropriate steel types' corrosion
resistance for most external applications and marine environments.
Transverse Ra should be below 0.5 micro m. with clean cut surfaces.
Can be based on either 1 or 2 ex-mill finishes. Mechanically polished
Bright
1P or 2P non-directional reflective finish with a high degree of image clarity less than 0.1
polished
(includes mirror finishes).
Buffed finishes
There is currently no provision for specifying buffed finishes on stainless steel flat
products in BSEN 10088-2. BS 1449-2 (1983), which was replaced by BSEN 10088-2,
was the previous standard for stainless steel flat products and did define two buffed
finishes, 3B, dull buffed and 7, bright buffed. The American standard that defines
stainless steel flat product finishes, ASTM A480 also includes a No 7 bright buffed
finish. A comparison of buffed, ground and polished finishes is included in the table
below. Note there is no No5 finish in ASTM A480.
BSEN 10088-2 Description BS1449-2 ASTM (A480)
2G Cold rolled, ground 3A No3
- Dull buffed 3B -
2J Cold rolled, brushed or dull polished 4 No4
2K Cold rolled, satin polished 5 No6
- Bright buffed 7 No7
2P Cold rolled, bright polished 8 No8
BS 1449-2 described taking mill finishes 2B or 2A (bright annealed) and creating the
number 7 finish by fibre or cloth mop buffing with the addition of a suitable buffing
compound. The 3B finish was less of a buff, rather a single pass grind/polish using a
220 grit abrasive, but was classed as a 'buff' finish.
There were no intermediate successive grind/polish stages were required when
producing a BS 1449-2 3B finish.

Applications for mechanically finished stainless steel


Mechanically finished stainless steel is widely used, including both building internal and
external applications.The surface appearance, corrosion resistance and dirt retention
of mechanically finished stainless steel surfaces can vary widely, depending, in part,
upon the nature of the abrasive medium used and the polishing practice. The1K/2K
finish gives a fine, clean cut with minimal microcrevices. This helps optimize the
corrosion resistance and minimising dirt retention of the surface. These finishes are
more suitable for external applications than the 1J/2J finishes, especially where service
environments are aggressive. The coarser 1J/2J and 1G/2G finishes, where required for
their aesthetic appearance are more suitable for indoor applications.
Brushed striated finishes are susceptible to damage, but scratches can be readily
abraded out. These surfaces do not fingerprint easily and therefore can be used
successfully in areas of high contact such as doors or windows. Atmospheric deposits
and other forms of surface soiling are generally washed away most easily if any uni-
directional polishing or grinding marks are oriented vertically, in the direction of water
run off. Polished reflective surfaces are also susceptible to damage. Remedial polishing
is possible but it is more difficult to get satisfactory results than on non-reflective
finished surfaces.

Risk of contamination staining or rusting in service


Mechanically produced finishes on stainless steel products, produced by the
manufacturing mills, specialist stockholder / service centres and specialist surface
finishers are normally free from any contamination that could result in rust staining in
service. These specialists often supply polished and brushed products with protective
plastic coatings, which can help reduce the risk of damage or iron contamination
during downstream storage, fabrication, finishing and installation operations, if left on
the steel surfaces.
Contamination rust staining is very often caused when contaminated finishing media
have been used. This is a particular risk in multi-metal fabrication shops unless special
precautions are not taken to avoid the spread of contamination.
When choosing finishing contractors it is worth bearing these points in mind. The
Buyers Guide section of the BSSA web site and the 'Stainless Steel Surface Finishes'
manual can be used for selecting specialist stainless steel mechanical finishers.

1.4828
Material No. 1.4828

EN symbol (short) X15CrNiSi20-12

AISI/SAE 309

UNS S 30900

AFNOR —

BS —

alloy —

Registered work's label —

Standards —

Description

Material 1.4828 is a heat-resistant steel.

Chemical composition ¹
C Si Mn P S Cr Mo Ni V
≤% % ≤% ≤% ≤% % %

0,20 1,50-2,50 2,0 0,045 0,015 19,0-21,0 11,0-13,0

Nb Ti Al Co Cu N Fe
≤%

0,11

¹ in accordance with Key to Steel 2001


Special characteristics
Temperature range Dicht kg/dm³ Hardness (HB)

heat-resistant in air up to 1000°C 7,9 ≤ 223

heat-resistant steel
Welding filler
1.4829

Main fields of application (depending on the specific conditions of use)


building of industrial furnaces, apparatus engineering, hardening boxes, annealing pots,
annealing boxes
(all aforementioned specifications serve as a general orientation and have to be reviewed depending on the
specific conditions of use)

1.4841
Material No. 1.4841

EN symbol (short) X15CrNiSi25-20

AISI/SAE 314 / 314L

UNS S 31400

AFNOR Z 15 CNS 25-20

BS —

alloy —

Registered work's label Cronifer®2520

Standards DIN EN 10095, SEW 470

Description

The heat-resistant steel 1.4841 is mainly used in industrial furnaces,


waste incineration plants, thermal treatment plants, and in the
petrochemical industry.
Our product range in 1.4841 are tubes and pipes, fittings and flanges,
accessories.

Chemical composition ¹
C Si Mn P S Cr Mo Ni V
≤% % ≤% ≤% ≤% % %

0,20 1,5-2,5 2,0 0,045 0,03 24,0-26,0 19,0-22,0

Nb Ti Al Co Cu N Fe

¹ in accordance with Key to Steel 2001


Special characteristics
Temperature range Density kg/dm³ Hardness (HB)

heat-resistant in air up to 1150°C 7,9 ≤ 223


heat-resistant steel

Welding filler
1.4842

Main fields of application (depending on the specific conditions of use)


industrial furnaces, waste incineration plants, thermal treatment plants, petrochemical
industry
(all aforementioned specifications serve as a general orientation and have to be reviewed depending on the
specific conditions of use)