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Be stable
Have a firm base
Have properly constructed standards
standards,, ledgers
ledgers,,
transoms and bracers
Have a suitable working platform
Have guard rails in place
Be inspected where required
Be constructed so that the public are not put at
risk
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ross--?ection of ?caffolding
ross

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Base
?tandards
edgers
Transoms
Bracing
Working platforms
Platform width
Toeboards and guard-
guard-rails
Brickguards
Means of access

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Base Plate
 good base is essential and the ground
should be leveled and rammed to give a firm
surface. Timber sole plates, at least 219mm
wide and 35mm thick should be laid to support
the base plates for standards.

Wherever possible, a sole plate should support


at least two standards, to ensure that the load
carried by each standard is distributed over a
fairly large area.

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Base Plate

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Base Plate

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edgers

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edgers

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Transoms
Transoms, keeping the inner and outer rows of
standards evenly apart, are set on top of ledgers at
right angles to them and to the building. Horizontal
distance between transoms at working platform level
is determined by the thickness of boards to be used.
edgers and transoms should not protrude more
than is necessary beyond the general outline of the
scaffold. t lower level - danger to pedestrians or
passing vehicles and it is good practice to use safety
caps on the open ends.

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Bracing
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Bracing

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Working Platforms
The minimum width of a working platform is 600mm.
The surface of the working platform should be even
to prevent anyone tripping. Each board should have
at least three supports unless its thickness or span
is enough to prevent any sagging under load.
ll boards should be marked with their maximum
span. The maximum span should be 1.2m between
supports. ll boards should be laid closely together
along their length. ?tandard boards are nominal
225mm wide x 38mm thick.

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Platforms Width
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Toeboards and uard-
uard-Rails
Toeboards and guard-
guard-rails are required at the
outsides and ends of all working platforms from
which men and materials can fall more than 2m.
Toeboards and guard-
guard-rails should be fitted on the
inside of standards to prevent outward movement.
Toeboards should rise at least 150mm and the main
guard--rail must be at least 910mm above the
guard
working platform.
There must be an unprotected gap of more than
470mm in height in the means of protection against
a fall of a person from the working platform. n
practice therefore, either an intermediate guard-
guard-rail
or other form of effective barrier example
brickguard frames ± must be filled.

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?electing a ?caffolding ?ystem
The safe and efficient use of scaffolding depends,
first of all, on choosing the right system for the job.
f the scaffold¶s basic characteristics are unsuited to
the task, or if all the necessary components are not
available, proper erection and use is compromised.
?election of scaffolding and related components
requires an understanding of site conditions and the
work to be undertaken. The employer must consider
the following:
Basic onsiderations:
! the weight of workers, tools, materials and equipment to
be carried by the scaffold system (safe work load)
! site conditions (interior, exterior, backfill, concrete
floors, type and condition of walls, access for the
equipment, variations in elevation, anchorage points, etc)

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! height to which the scaffold may be erected
(overhead power lines, tie- tie-backs)
! type of work that will be done from the scaffold
(masonry work, sandblasting, painting, metal
siding, mechanical installation, suspended
ceiling installation)
! duration of work
! weather conditions, including wind and ice
build--up
build
! requirements for pedestrian traffic through and
under the scaffold area
! means of access to the scaffold
! configuration of the building or structure being
worked on
! special erection or dismantling circumstances.
! hoarding | | | 
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Basing Out:
The following maximum bay centers should not
be exceeded for independent, putlog or birdcage
scaffolds:

Very light Birdcage Light Duty General Heavy duty Heavy duty
duty scaffold Purpose (bkwk) (masonry)

2.7m 2.5m 2.4m 2.1m 2.0m 1.8m

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Š  20mm in 2m lift with a
maximum of 50mm
Maximum deviation over full height.
1500mm on    *
lift height
A% 7 
Š  20mm in 2m bay   
Maximum with a maximum of
200mm on 50mm deviation over # 7 '  
bay length full length # -

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|ouplers:
|an be classified into two categories:

Load bearing Right angle couplers


couplers Swivel couplers
5KN Brace coupler
Sleeve coupler
Adjustable Fork Heads
Adjustable Base
Plate jack
Nonload bearing Putlog couplers
Non
couplers Expanding Joint Pine
Toe board clips
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Boarded Lifts:
‡All boarded lifts should be closed boarded.

Thickness of Max.
Max. span Minimum Max.. overhang
Max
board between overhang
transoms

38mm 1.5m 50mm 150mm

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