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MATHEMATICS

Grade 6

Consultant

Thomas L. Harrell

Mathematics Department Chairperson

G.W. Carver Senior High School

Montgomery, AL

Test-Taking Tips

• Go to bed early the night before the test. You will think more clearly after

a good night’s rest.

• Read each problem carefully and think about ways to solve the problem

before you try to answer the question.

• Relax. Most people get nervous when taking a test. It’s natural. Just do

your best.

• Answer questions you are sure about first. If you do not know the answer

to a question, skip it and go back to that question later.

• Think positively. Some problems may seem hard to you, but you may be

able to figure out what to do if you read each question carefully.

• If no figure is provided, draw one. If one is furnished, mark it up to help

you solve the problem.

• When you have finished each problem, reread it to make sure your answer

is reasonable.

• Become familiar with a variety of formulas and when they should be used.

• Make sure that the number of the question on the answer sheet matches the

number of the question on which you are working in your test booklet.

Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States

of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act, no part of this book may

be reproduced in any form, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any

information storage or retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher.

The McGraw-Hill Companies

8787 Orion Place

Columbus, OH 43240-4027

Standards Workbook, Grade 6

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 024 14 13 12 11 10 09 08 07 06 05

Contents

Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv

Student Recording Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v

California Mathematics Content Standards, Grade 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Test Practice

Diagnostic Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Number Sense. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Algebra and Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Measurement and Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Mathematical Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Test Practice

Sample Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

iii Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Overview

The material in this booklet is designed to help you meet the California

Mathematics Content Standards for Grade 6.

It contains:

• a Student Recording Chart,

• the California Mathematics Content Standards for Grade 6,

• a Diagnostic Test,

• practice for each Content Standard, and

• a Sample Test.

Diagnostic Test This test will help you identify any weaknesses you may

have as you prepare to meet the California Mathematics Content Standards

for Grade 6. Once you’ve taken the test and it has been graded, complete the

Student Recording Chart that is found on page v. Mark an × in the square for

each question that you answered incorrectly.

Practice If you missed one or two of the questions for a particular content

standard, you could probably use some extra practice with that standard. The

Student Recording Chart lists practice pages for each standard. Complete the

appropriate practice pages. If you are unsure about how to do some of the

problems, you may want to refer to your mathematics book.

Sample Test After you have completed the practice pages, take the Sample

Test on pages 115 to 128.

iv Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name:

Student Recording Chart

Directions Mark an × by each question from the Diagnostic Test that you answered incorrectly. If

there are one or two ×s marked for a standard, write Yes in the Need Practice? box. Then complete

the practice pages for that standard.

Strand Number Sense

Standard 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4

Test Questions 1 46 2 47 49 50 19 11 53 10 12 55

48 51 52 54 13 18 56

Need Practice?

Practice Pages 15-16 17-18 19-20 21-22 23-24 25-26 27-28 29-30

Standard 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2.1

Test Questions 3 57 58 21 22 59 61 60 14

Need Practice?

Practice Pages 31-32 33-34 35-36 37-38 39-40

Standard 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2

Test Questions 4 62 5 6 63 64 23 24 25

Need Practice?

Practice Pages 41-42 43-44 45-46 47-48

Standard 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.1 2.2 2.3

Test Questions 15 65 66 67 26 7 27 28 8 29 30

Need Practice?

Practice Pages 49-50 51-52 53-54 55-56 57-58 59-60

Standard 1.1 1.2 2.1 2.2 2.4

Test Questions 68 31 32 33 34 35 36

Need Practice?

Practice Pages 61-62 63-64 69-70 71-72 75-76

Standard 2.5 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4

Test Questions 37 9 69 16 38

Need Practice?

Practice Pages 77-78 79-80 81-82 83-84 85-86

Standard 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.3 2.6 2.7 3.1 3.2

Test Questions 39 40 41 42 43 70 44 45

Need Practice?

Practice Pages 89-90 91-92 93-94 99-100 105-106 107-108 109-110 111-112

Standards Workbook, Grade 6

v

California Mathematics Content Standards for Grade 6

Number Standard

NUMBER SENSE (NS)

1.0 Students compare and order positive and negative fractions, decimals, and mixed numbers. Students

solve problems involving fractions, ratios, proportions, and percentages:

1.1 Compare and order positive and negative fractions, decimals, and mixed numbers and place them on a

number line.

1.2 Interpret and use ratios in different contexts (e.g., batting averages, miles per hour) to show the

a

relative sizes of two quantities, using appropriate notations a to b, a:b.

b

4 N

1.3 Use proportions to solve problems (e.g., determine the value of N if , find the length of a side

7 21

of a polygon similar to a known polygon). Use cross-multiplication as a method for solving such problems,

understanding it as the multiplication of both sides of an equation by a multiplicative inverse.

1.4 Calculate given percentages of quantities and solve problems involving discounts at sales, interest earned,

and tips.

2.0 Students calculate and solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division:

2.1 Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of positive fractions and explain

why a particular operation was used for a given situation.

2.2 Explain the meaning of multiplication and division of positive fractions and perform the

5 15 5 16 2

calculations e.g., .

8 16 8 15 3

2.3 Solve addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems, including those arising in concrete

situations, that use positive and negative integers and combinations of these operations.

2.4 Determine the least common multiple and the greatest common divisor of whole numbers; use them to

solve problems with fractions (e.g., to find a common denominator to add two fractions or to find the

reduced form for a fraction).

ALGEBRA AND FUNCTIONS (AF)

1.0 Students write verbal expressions and sentences as algebraic expressions and equations; they

evaluate algebraic expressions, solve simple linear equations, and graph and interpret their results:

1.1 Write and solve one-step linear equations in one variable.

1.2 Write and evaluate an algebraic expression for a given situation, using up to three variables.

1.3 Apply algebraic order of operations and the commutative, associative, and distributive properties to

evaluate expressions; and justify each step in the process.

1.4 Solve problems manually by using the correct order of operations or by using a scientific calculator.

2.0 Students analyze and use tables, graphs, and rules to solve problems involving rates and

proportions:

2.1 Convert one unit of measurement to another (e.g., from feet to miles, from centimeters to inches).

2.2 Demonstrate an understanding that rate is a measure of one quantity per unit value of another quantity.

2.3 Solve problems involving rates, average speed, distance, and time.

3.0 Students investigate geometric patterns and describe them algebraically:

1

3.1 Use variables in expressions describing geometric quantities (e.g., P 2w 2, A bh, C d—the

2

formulas for the perimeter of a rectangle, the area of a triangle, and the circumference of a circle,

respectively).

3.2 Express in symbolic form simple relationships arising from geometry.

MEASUREMENT AND GEOMETRY (MG)

1.0 Students deepen their understanding of the measurement of plane and solid shapes and use this

understanding to solve problems:

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

Standards Workbook, Grade 6

vi

Number Standard

1.1 Understand the concept of a constant such as ; know the formulas for the circumference and area of a

circle.

22

1.2 Know common estimates of 3.14; and use these values to estimate and calculate the

7

circumference and the area of circles; compare with actual measurements.

1.3 Know and use the formulas for the volume of triangular prisms and cylinders (area of base height);

compare these formulas and explain the similarity between them and the formula for the volume of a

rectangular solid.

2.0 Students identify and describe the properties of two-dimensional figures:

2.1 Identify angles as vertical, adjacent, complementary, or supplementary and provide descriptions of these

terms.

2.2 Use the properties of complementary and supplementary angles and the sum of the angles of a triangle to

solve problems involving an unknown angle.

2.3 Draw quadrilaterals and triangles from given information about them (e.g., a quadrilateral having equal

sides but no right angles, a right isosceles triangle).

STATISTICS, DATA ANALYSIS, AND PROBABILITY (PS)

1.0 Students compute and analyze statistical measurements for data sets:

1.1* Compute the range, mean, median, and mode of data sets.

1.2 Understand how additional data added to data sets may affect these computations of measures of

central tendency.

1.3 Understand how the inclusion or exclusion of outliers affects measures of central tendency.

1.4 Know why a specific measure of central tendency (mean, median, mode) provides the most useful

information in a given context.

2.0 Students use data samples of a population and describe the characteristics and limitations of the

samples:

2.1 Compare different samples of a population with the data from the entire population and identify a situation

in which it makes sense to use a sample.

2.2 Identify different ways of selecting a sample (e.g., convenience sampling, responses to a survey, random

sampling) and which method makes a sample more representative for a population.

2.3 Analyze data displays and explain why the way in which the question was asked might have influenced

the results obtained and why the way in which the results were displayed might have influenced the

conclusions reached.

2.4 Identify data that represent sampling errors and explain why the sample (and the display) might be biased.

2.5* Identify claims based on statistical data and, in simple cases, evaluate the validity of the claims.

3.0 Students determine theoretical and experimental probabilities and use these to make predictions

about events:

3.1* Represent all possible outcomes for compound events in an organized way (e.g., tables, grids, tree

diagrams) and express the theoretical probability of each outcome.

3.2 Use data to estimate the probability of future events (e.g., batting averages or number of accidents per

mile driven).

3.3* Represent probabilities as ratios, proportions, decimals between 0 and 1, and percentages between 0 and

100 and verify that the probabilities computed are reasonable; know that if P is the probability of an event,

1 P is the probability of an event not occurring.

3.4 Understand that the probability of either of two disjoint events occurring is the sum of the two individual

probabilities and that the probability of one event following another, in independent trials, is the product

of the two probabilities.

3.5* Understand the difference between independent and dependent events.

MATHEMATICAL REASONING (MR)

1.0 Students make decisions about how to approach problems:

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

Standards Workbook, Grade 6

vii

Number Standard

1.1 Analyze problems by identifying relationships, distinguishing relevant from irrelevant information,

identifying missing information, sequencing and prioritizing information, and observing patterns.

1.2 Formulate and justify mathematical conjectures based on a general description of the mathematical

question or problem posed.

1.3 Determine when and how to break a problem into simpler parts.

2.0 Students use strategies, skills, and concepts in finding solutions:

2.1 Use estimation to verify the reasonableness of calculated results.

2.2 Apply strategies and results from simpler problems to more complex problems.

2.3 Estimate unknown quantities graphically and solve for them by using logical reasoning and arithmetic and

algebraic techniques.

2.4 Use a variety of methods, such as words, numbers, symbols, charts, graphs, tables, diagrams, and

models, to explain mathematical reasoning.

2.5 Express the solution clearly and logically by using the appropriate mathematical notation and terms and

clear language; support solutions with evidence in both verbal and symbolic work.

2.6 Indicate the relative advantages of exact and approximate solutions to problems and give answers to a

specified degree of accuracy.

2.7 Make precise calculations and check the validity of the results from the context of the problem.

3.0 Students move beyond a particular problem by generalizing to other situations:

3.1 Evaluate the reasonableness of the solution in the context of the original situation.

3.2 Note the method of deriving the solution and demonstrate a conceptual understanding of the derivation by

solving similar problems.

3.3 Develop generalizations of the results obtained and the strategies sued and apply them in new problem

situations.

Standards Workbook, Grade 6

viii

Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

temperature recorded in a recent year City (F)

in each of four U.S. cities. Which list San Antonio, TX 22

shows the temperatures in order from Albany, NY 8

least to greatest? NS 1.1 Reno, NV 2

A 2, 8, 22, 26 Fresno, CA 26

B 8, 2, 22, 26

C 26, 22, 8, 2

D 26, 22, 2, 8

—

to RQS. What is the length of QS? NS 1.3 5 in.

4 in. 8 in.

F 1.6 in. J L

S R

G 2.5 in.

H 6.4 in.

J 10 in.

A 6

B 2

C 1

D 1

4 Eduardo is making cookies with a recipe that calls for 4 cups of flour. 4

The recipe he is using makes 96 cookies. How many cookies does he

get for each cup of flour used? AF 2.2

F 22

G 24

H 48

J 92

5 A 32-ounce jar of jelly costs $1.28. At this rate, what is the least that a 5

24-ounce jar of jelly will cost? AF 2.3

A $0.86

B $0.96

C $1.00

Go on

D $1.70

1 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

6 Madison is buying a jar of peanut butter and wants to buy the jar with 6

the lowest cost per ounce. Which jar should she buy? AF 2.3

F $2 for 12 ounces

G $2.50 for 16 ounces

H $4 for 32 ounces

J $5.50 for 64 ounces

7 If two angles are supplementary and one angle has a measure of 70°, 7

what is the measure of the other angle? MG 2.2

A 10°

B 20°

C 110°

D 130°

F Equilateral triangle

G Acute triangle 35° 55°

H Obtuse triangle B C

J Right triangle

9 In how many ways can you line up 4 people from left to right for a 9

photograph? PS 3.1

A 4

B 10

C 24

D 256

F 34,876 NS 2.3

G 304,876

H 340,876

J 348,760 Go on

2 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

8 4

11 What is the first step in calculating the value of

11

9 ? NS 2.2 11

4

A Find the reciprocal of

9

.

8

B Find the reciprocal of .

11

C Find 8 4.

D Find 11 9.

12 The record high temperature for California is 134°F and the record low 12

temperature is 45°F. What is the difference between the record high

and low temperatures? NS 2.3

F 179°F

G 99°F

H 91°F

J 89°F

13 At 9:00 A.M., the temperature in Long Beach, California, was 63°F. The 13

temperature changes measured during the day were 5°F, 2°F, 1°F,

and 4°F. What was the final temperature reading? NS 2.3

A 61°F

B 65°F

C 67°F

D 75°F

14 The town in the United States with the lowest elevation is Calipatria, 14

California, which is 184 feet below sea level. How many inches below

sea level is Calipatria? AF 2.1

F 552 in.

G 1,533 in.

H 2,208 in.

J 2,108 in.

A 2 cm MG 1.1

B 4 cm

C 8 cm

Go on

D 16 cm

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

3 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

16 Jason has 15 baseball cards that he wants to share with his friend. If 16

3 of the cards are of players on the Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team

and his friend picks a card at random, what is the probability that the

friend will receive a Los Angeles Dodger card? PS 3.3

F 3%

G 15%

H 20%

J 30%

5 1

17 Clarissa has a piece of fabric 8 yard wide. She cuts off a strip

8

yard 17

wide. How much fabric remains? NS 2.1

4 3

A yd B yd

0 8

1 3

C yd D yd

2 4

F 178.714

G 44,803

H 154,774

J 338,059

1

19 Leroy spent hour talking on the phone on Monday. He talked on the 19

2

3 1

phone for

4

hour on Wednesday and for 1 4 hours on Friday. How much

time had Leroy talked on the phone altogether? NS 2.1

1

A 1 2 h

3

B 1 4 h

1

C 2 2 h

3

D 2 4 h

20 Eric wants to buy a new mountain bike. If the bike he wants costs $510, 20

how much would he have to save each week in order to have enough

money in 15 weeks? AF 1.1

F $34 G $36 Go on

H $38 J $42

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

4 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

21 The Taylor family ordered fast food for lunch. They ordered 21

3 hamburgers each costing h dollars, 2 corn dogs each costing c dollars,

and 5 orders of French fries each costing f dollars. Choose the correct

expression to show how much the Taylor family spent on lunch. AF 1.2

A 3h2c5f

B 3h 2c 5f

C hcf

D 9hcf

each costing w dollars, and 2 brushes each costing b dollars at the

hardware store. Write an expression that shows this situation, and

evaluate to find the amount Arlene spent if each can of paint cost $15.75,

each roll of wallpaper cost $23.35, and each brush cost $4.82. AF 1.2

F p w b; $43.92

G 2p w b; $59.67

H 2(p w b); $87.84

J 2p 3w 2b; $111.19

figure at the right? AF 3.1

12

A x 12

B 12x

C 24 2x

D 12 x

is the length of the prism, w is the width of the prism, and h is the

height of the prism. How can you solve this equation for h? AF 3.2

F Divide V by w.

G Divide V by w.

H Multiply V by w.

J Multiply V by w.

9 4

must be true about the length of side c? AF 3.2

A c must be less than 9. c

B c must be greater than 13.

C c must be greater than 5. Go on

D c must be less than 4.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

5 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

What is true about angles S and T? MG 2.1

F They are complementary. S T

G They must also be right angles.

H They are supplementary.

J They are not measurable.

27 If two angles are complementary and the measure of one angle is 50°, 27

what is the measure of the other angle? MG 2.2

A 30°

B 40°

C 50°

D 130°

28 If two angles of a triangle measure 25° and 55°, what is the measure of 28

the third angle? MG 2.2

F 10°

G 20°

H 100°

J 110°

A Scalene right triangle

B Scalene isosceles triangle

C Scalene acute triangle

D Scalene obtuse triangle

F G

60

30

H J

60 40

30

Go on

70 70

6 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

31 If another data value of 4 is added to the data set below, which value 31

will change? PS 1.2

0, 1, 2, 4, 4, 5, 7, 8

A Mean

B Median

C Mode

D Range

32 If a data value of 8 is added to the data set below, which measure will 32

change? PS 1.2

0, 1, 3, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15

F Mean

G Median

H Mode

J Range

school said they planned to take Algebra in the eighth grade. If there

were 258 students in the seventh grade at the time of the survey, what is

a reasonable estimate of the number of students who will be taking

Algebra in the eighth grade the following year? PS 2.1

A 300

B 133

C 85

D 75

34 Radio stations conduct surveys to see what type of music people want to 34

hear. What type of sample of the population is the most appropriate?

F Random sample PS 2.2

G Cluster sample

H Convenience sample

J Stratified random sample

and 11:00 A.M. is used to estimate the number of cars that pass through

that same intersection in one day, this is considered to be an example of

what type of sample? PS 2.2

A Random sample B Cluster sample

Go on

C Convenience sample D Stratified random sample

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

7 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

middle school? PS 2.4

F Select a group of students eating in one section of the cafeteria.

G Assign each student a number, write the numbers on small squares of

paper, put the squares in a bowl, shake the bowl, and select several

numbers from the bowl.

H Select all students whose last names start with the letter M.

J Select all students from one homeroom class.

37 William surveyed 50 people outside of the library and asked them how 37

often they use the library. From this, he concluded that people in the

entire city use the library more that twice in one week. Why is his

conclusion invalid? PS 2.5

A The question was not clear.

B The sample population is not representative of the entire city

population.

C Everyone in the city must be surveyed first to draw a conclusion.

D His survey was not long enough.

38 If you select one card from a standard deck of 52 playing cards, what is 38

the probability of selecting an ace or a king? PS 3.4

1

F

13

1

G

8

2

H

13

1

J

4

39 What are the next three numbers in the sequence below? MR 1.1 39

1, 2, 4, 7, 11, 16, …

A 22, 27, 33

B 22, 24, 27

C 22, 31, 39

D 22, 29, 37

number of multiples of 3 in your list? MR 1.2

F 1 G 2

Go on

H 3 J 4

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

8 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

A 4 MR 1.3

B 6

C 7

D 8

temperature for each month for San Diego, California

80

in San Diego, California. What

is the best estimate for the 60

temperature in June? MR 2.3 Temperature

40

(F)

F 57°F

20

G 65°F

H 67°F 0

J F M A M J J A S O N D

J 70°F Month

California voted for John Kerry. What is this value rounded to the

nearest thousand? MR 2.6

A 5,427,100

B 5,427,000

C 5,400,000

D 5,000,000

is a reasonable estimate for the number of 2-by-4’s needed to frame

9 average houses? MR 3.1

F about 2,000

G about 3,000

H about 4,000

J about 5,000

45 Which is the best first step to use in solving the equation 5x 10? 45

A Add 5 to both sides of the equation. MR 3.2

B Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation.

C Multiply both sides of the equation by 5.

D Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Go on

9 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

pepperoni and 39 pieces of sausage. What is the ratio of pepperoni

pieces to sausage pieces? NS 1.2

F 4:5

G 4:3

H 5:4

J 3:4

nautical miles are in 230 statute miles? NS 1.3

A 265

B 231

C 229

D 200

the length of

BC. NS 1.3 6 E

4

3

F 4 A C D F

10 5

G 5

H 8

J 10

49 The United States has about 2,000 miles of Pacific coastline, excluding 49

Alaska. If California’s coastline makes up 42% of these miles, about

how long is California’s coastline? NS 1.4

A 21 mi

B 84 mi

C 210 mi

D 840 mi

store. If her sales for the day total $925, how much commission did

Kelly earn for the day? NS 1.4

F $2.00

G $18.50

H $185.00

Go on

J $462.50

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

10 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

51 Rex bought a shirt that cost $24. If the sales tax rate is 8%, what was 51

the total he paid for the shirt? NS 1.4

A $1.92

B $24.08

C $24.80

D $25.92

1

52 In 2004, $1 in U.S. currency bought 1 3 Australian dollars. How many 52

Australian dollars would $4 in U.S. currency buy in 2004? NS 2.1

1

F 4 3

2

G 4 3

1

H 5 3

1

J 6 3

1

53 What is an equivalent way to find

2

182? NS 2.2 53

A Divide 182 by 2.

B Multiply 182 by 2.

C Add 182 and 2.

D Subtract 2 from 182.

5 3

54 Which expression is equivalent to

8

4 ? NS 2.2 54

5 3

F

8

4

5 4

G

8

3

8 3

H

5

4

8 4

J

5

3

7 4

55 What is the least common denominator of and ? NS 2.4 55

12 15

A 20

B 27

C 30

D 60 Go on

11 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

56 Jennifer has 54 stickers and 78 pieces of candy. She wants to divide all 56

of the stickers and all of the candy evenly among her friends. What is

the greatest number of friends she can give an equal number of stickers

and candy to without having any left over? NS 2.4

F 2

G 3

H 6

J 12

A 9.2

B 15.6

C 19.6

D 44.4

equation can be used to find the height of Martin’s brother? AF 1.1

F b 4 68

G 68 b 4

H 68 b 4

J 68 b 4

3 • (4m • 9n) by using the Commutative Property of Multiplication?

A 3 • (9n • 4m) AF 1.3

B 3 • 4m 3 • 9n

C (3 • 4m) • 9n

D 3 4m • 9n

F 1

G 0

H 2

Go on

J 8

12 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

A 372

B 5

C 126

D 611

minute (wpm)? AF 2.2

F 12 wpm

G 48 wpm

H 54 wpm

J 60 wpm

63 Andrew biked 39 miles in 3.25 hours. What was his average speed? 63

A 12 mi/h AF 2.3

B 14 mi/h

C 16 mi/h

D 18 mi/h

much fertilizer will a 500-square-foot yard need? AF 2.3

F 20 lb

G 22 lb

H 25 lb

J 30 lb

the circle, and d represents the diameter of the circle, which ratio below

represents the value of ? MG 1.1

C

A

d

C

B

r

d

C

C

r

D Go on

C

13 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

F 3.14

G 3.14

22

H

7

J 1.73

a height of 11 inches. What is the approximate surface area of

the plastic that covers the outside of the roll? (Use 3.14.)

A 207.24 in2 MG 1.3

B 235.5 in 2

C 263.76 in2

D 320.28 in2

Mika watched television on the weekdays of one Day (hours)

week. What is the mode for the times that Mika Mon. 3.5

spent watching television? PS 1.1 Tue. 1

F 0.5 h Wed. 2

G 1h Thu. 0.5

H 1.5 h Fri. 0.5

J 2h

each 12-pack purchased is a winner. If two cans have been used from a

12-pack and were not winners, what is the probability that the third can

is the winner? PS 3.2

1

A

12

1

B

10

1

C

4

3

D

10

70 Melissa bought 12 pens that cost $0.89 each. What is the total cost of 70

the pens? MR 2.7

F $10.68 plus tax G $1.68 plus tax

STOP

H $1.60 plus tax J $1.55 plus tax

14 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 1.1

Compare and order positive and negative fractions, decimals, and mixed

NS 1.1

numbers and place them on a number line.

Examples 1 Which of the following shows the decimals 0.5, 0.7, 1.0, and 0.2 in order

from least to greatest?

A 0.5, 0.7, 1.0, 0.2

B 1.0, 0.7, 0.5, 0.2

C 0.2, 0.5, 0.7, 1.0

D 0.2, 1.0, 0.7, 0.5

Draw a number line and graph each decimal on the number line.

–0.2 0.5 0.7 1.0

On a number line, numbers on the left are less than numbers on the right. So

the decimals graphed increase in value from left to right. From least to

greatest, the decimals are 0.2, 0.5, 0.7, 1.0. C

2 Ken finished the bicycle race with a time of 32.3075 minutes, Hark finished

with a time of 32.3705 minutes, and Joaquin finished with a time of 32.3507

seconds. In what order did they finish the race?

F Ken, Hark, Joaquin

G Ken, Joaquin, Hark

H Hark, Joaquin, Ken

J Joaquin, Hark, Ken

Since the digits are the same in the tens, ones, and tenths place, look at the

digits in the hundredths place. For Ken’s time, the digit in the hundredths

place is 0. The digit is 7 in Hark’s time, and 5 in Joaquin’s time. Since the

person with the least time finished first, the order is 32.3075, 32.3507, and

32.3705, or Ken, Joaquin, Hark. G

3 1 7

3 The junior high band uniform hats come in three sizes, 6 4 , 7 4 and 6 8 , but

they are labeled small, medium, and large. Which shows the sizes of the hats

in increasing order of size?

1 7 3 1 3 7

A 7 4 , 6 8 , 6 4 B 7 4 , 6 4 , 6 8

7 3 1 3 7 1

C 6 8 , 6 4 , 7 4 D 6 4 , 6 8 , 7 4

27 29 55

Rewrite the mixed numbers as the improper fractions, , , and . Then,

4 4 8

27 2 54 29 2 58

rewrite the fractions using their LCD, 8. So, 4

2 8, and 4

2 8

.

54 55 58 3 7 1

When you compare these fractions, 8

8

8

. So, 6 4 6 8 7 4 . D

15 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 1.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1

value of 2 3 ? –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3

A W

B X

C Y

D Z

Juana’s is 0.342. Which shows their batting averages in decreasing order?

F 0.251, 0.305, 0.342, 0.384 G 0.342, 0.384, 0.305, 0.251

H 0.384, 0.342, 0.305, 0.251 J 0.251, 0.342, 0.384, 0.305

2

3 On a recent visit to a pecan orchard, Richard picked up 6 3 pounds of 3

4 3

pecans, Delia picked up 6 5 pounds, Amaya picked up 6 4 , and Noel

7

picked up 6

16

pounds. Who picked up the least amount of pecans?

A Richard B Delia

C Amaya D Noel

4 The table at the right gives the low City Temperature (°F)

4

temperatures for four Montana cities Billings 12

one winter morning. Which city had Great Falls 18

the warmest low temperature? Helena 14

F Billings Missoula 17

G Great Falls

H Helena

J Missoula

5 Felecia is changing the tire on her bicycle. She needs to find a wrench to 5

3

take off the wheel nut. She tried a 4 -inch wrench and it was too big for

1

the nut. Then she tried a 2 -inch wrench and it was too small for the nut.

Which of the following wrenches should Felecia try to remove the nut?

5 7

A in. B in.

8 16

3 13

C in. D in.

8 16

16 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 1.2

Interpret and use ratios in different contexts (e.g., batting averages, miles

NS 1.2

per hour) to show the relative sizes of two quantities, using appropriate

a

notations ( b , a to b, a : b).

Examples 1 In Ms. Ling’s math class, 7 out of every 8 students turn in their homework on

time. What is the ratio of students who turn in their homework on time to

students in Ms. Ling’s math class?

8

A

7

B 8:7

C 7(8)

7

D

8

A ratio is a comparison of two numbers by division. In this case, the two

numbers to compare are 7 and 8. This ratio could be written as 7 to 8, 7:8,

7

or 8 . D

2 In the city pet show, 21 out of the 28 birds shown were parakeets. Which of

the following shows this ratio?

F 1:8

G 3:4

H 4:3

J 8:1

The ratio of parakeets to the total number of birds is 21 : 28. This ratio can be

21 21

written as the fraction

28

. However,

28

is not in simplest form.

21 37

28

47

3 21 3

The

4

ratio

28

in simplest form is

4

or 3 : 4. G

3 Last Saturday, Aimee rode her bike 12 miles in 2 hours for an average speed

of 6 miles per hour. Which expression is used to compute her average speed?

A 2 12

B 2 12

12

C

2

D 2(12)

Aimee’s speed is a rate, which is a ratio of two measurements with different

units. The units in this rate are miles and hours. To find Aimee’s speed, divide

the number of miles she traveled by the number of hours it took her to travel

that distance.

12 miles

2 hours

6 mi/h C

17 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 1.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 In the school talent show, 16 out of the 24 participants were girls. Which 1

of the following shows this ratio?

A 3 to 2

B 3 to 4

C 2 to 3

D 4 to 3

15 cheese pizzas, and 12 sausage pizzas. What is the ratio of pizzas with

meat to pizzas without meat delivered by the driver?

F 2:1

G 1:2

H 2:3

J 3:2

210 minutes watching television. What is this ratio in simplest form?

1 3

A B

3 1

4 6

C D

1 1

4 During her softball season, Cheryl Jo made 22 hits in 84 times at bat, for 4

a batting average of 0.262. Which expression is used to compute her

batting average?

F 22 10

G 22 84

H 84 22

22

J

84

5 In five hours, the Goldberg family traveled 325 miles toward their 5

vacation destination before they had to stop to refuel their car. Which of

the following expressions would you use to find their average speed?

5 1

A B

325 65

325

C

5

D 325 5

18 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 1.3

4 N

NS 1.3 Use proportions to solve problems (e.g., determine the value of N if 7 21

,

find the length of a side of a polygon similar to a known polygon). Use

cross-multiplication as a method for solving such problems, understanding

it as multiplication of both sides of an equation by a multiplicative inverse.

Examples 1 Which equation could be the first step in solving the proportion 3r

18

9

?

A 18 9 r 3 B 18 3 r 9

C 9 3 r 18 D 3r 162

A proportion is an equation that shows that two ratios are equivalent. In a

proportion, the cross products are equal. To solve a proportion, find the cross

products and then solve for the missing term. The first step in solving the

r 18

proportion 3 9

is to find the cross products, 18 3 r 9. B

said that basketball was their favorite sport. If there are 850 students at the

school, how many would be expected to say that basketball was their favorite

sport?

F 60 G 102

H 595 J 748

Assume that the ratio of students surveyed for whom basketball is their favorite

sport to the number of students surveyed is equal to the number of students for

whom basketball is their favorite sport in the entire school to the total number

42 b

of students in the school, or

60

850

. The variable b represents the number

of students in the entire school for whom basketball is their favorite sport.

Solve for b by finding the cross products.

42 b

60

850

60b 42 850

b 595 H

DEF. What is the length of ?

EF E

12 10

A 12 units B 10 units 6

C 6 units D 5 units A C D F

When geometric figures are similar, their corresponding side lengths are

proportional. Use the known side lengths to set up and solve a proportion for

the unknown side length.

12 10

6

x

12x 60 Find cross products.

x 5 units Solve for x. D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

19 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 1.3

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 At Barton Junior High, there is one teacher for every 24 students. If there 1

are 768 students at the school, how many teachers are there?

A 32 teachers

B 24 teachers

C 18 teachers

D 12 teachers

2 Gregg has a chocolate chip cookie recipe that makes 64 cookies and calls 2

for 4 cups of flour. If he only wants to make 48 cookies, how many cups

of flour would he need?

F 1c

G 2c

H 5c

J 3c

rectangle WXYZ. What is the

length of side

YZ?

F 7 G

A 28 units 3

B 21 units E H W Z

C 12 units

D 10 units

4 An architect built a scale model of the new Jonestown Public Library. The 4

length of the model building was 36 inches and the width was 20 inches.

If the actual library is going to be 126 feet long, how wide will it be?

F 226 ft

G 70 ft

H 48 ft

J 20 ft

5 To make orange juice from concentrate, you mix water with the concentrate 5

in the ratio of 3:2. If you want to make orange juice from 6 quarts of

concentrate, how many quarts of water do you need?

A 36 B 18

C 12 D 9

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

20 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 1.4

Calculate given percentages of quantities and solve problems involving

NS 1.4

discounts at sales, interest earned, and tips.

Examples 1 At Mr. Ho’s surf shop, all surfboards are on sale for 20% off. How much

money will Biff save if he wants to buy a surfboard that costs $540 before

the discount?

A $54

B $108

C $432

D $648

To find out how much Biff will save, find the amount of the discount, or

20% of $540.

540(0.20) 108

Biff will save $108. B

2 Mr. Ho is required to charge sales tax on every item he sells in his shop. If

1

the sales tax is 8 2 %, how much will Sharon’s $411 surfboard cost with tax?

F $34.94

G $419.50

H $440.50

J $445.94

1

Find the amount of the tax, t, which is 8 2 % of $411.

To find t multiply $411 by 0.085.

t $34.94. Then, add $34.94 to $411 to find the total cost, $445.94. J

3 After Biff considered buying the surfboard, he decided to wait 6 months and

put the $432 he was going to spend on the surfboard into a savings account.

If the bank pays an annual interest rate of 6% on Biff’s savings account, how

much interest would he earn in 6 months?

A $12.96

B $25.92

C $36.72

D $51.84

To find simple interest, use the formula I prt where I is the interest, p is

the principal, or the amount of money invested or borrowed, r is the annual

interest rate, and t is the time in years. The principal is $432, the rate is 6%,

1

and the time, 6 months or 2 year.

I prt

($432)(0.06) 2

1

$12.96

Biff earned $12.96 interest on his $432 in 6 months. A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

21 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 1.4

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 Jeremy is buying a jacket that costs $65. The jacket is on sale for 30% 1

off. What is the cost of the jacket before sales tax is added?

A $19.50

B $30

C $35

D $45.50

2 Kelli and her friends ate salads for lunch. The total bill was $22. If they 2

want to leave a 15% tip for the waiter, how much tip should they leave on

the table?

F $2.20

G $3.30

H $4.40

J $5.50

3 Two years ago, Tyrone received a gift of $200 from his grandmother for 3

his birthday. He put the money in a savings account that earns 7% interest.

Tyrone now wants to use the money to buy a new bicycle. How much

money does he have?

A $228

B $114

C $28

D $14

4 Toni is selling candy bars as part of her school band fund-raiser. The 4

band gets 60% of the money from the sales. The rest goes to pay for the

candy bars. If Toni sells candy bars worth $75, how much money does

the band get from her sales?

F $80 G $60

H $45 J $30

5 Devon borrowed $900 from his older brother to buy a new computer. He 5

agreed to pay back his brother $1,044 in two years. What interest rate is

Devon’s brother charging him?

A 4.4% B 8%

C 10% D 16%

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

22 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 2.1

Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division

NS 2.1

of positive fractions and explain why a particular operation was used for a

given situation.

Examples 1 Charlie mows lawns after school and on weekends to earn extra money.

3

Charlie’s mower holds gallon of fuel and his string trimmer holds

4

1

gallon of fuel. How much fuel must Charlie have to fill both his mower

5

and string trimmer?

1 3

A gal B gal

2 4

7 19

C gal D gal

8 20

3 1

To add and , you must rename with a common denominator.

4 5

3 1 15 4

4

5

20

20

The LCD is 20.

19

20

19 19

Since is in simplest form, the answer is gallon. D

20 20

2

2 If the local hike-and-bike trail is of a mile long, how far did Susanna run if

3

1

she ran around the trail 2 2 times?

2

F 2 mi G 1 3 mi

1 3

H 1 2 mi J

4

mi

1 5

First write the mixed number 2 2 as the improper fraction 2 . Then multiply.

2 1 2 5

3

2

2

3 2

10

6

5

3 The GCF of 10 and 6 is 2.

2

1 3

2

Susanna ran 1

3

miles. G

23 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 2.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 3

1 If Monica is 62 3 inches tall and her mother is 59 4 inches tall, how much 1

taller is Monica than her mother?

1 7

A 3 3 B 2

12

5 2

C 2

12

D 1 3

2

2 Shay’s little sister was 1 3 inches too short to ride the largest roller coaster 2

1

at the amusement park. If she is 46 2 inches tall, how tall must a rider be

in order to ride the roller coaster?

1

F 48 6 in. G 48 in.

3 1

H 47 4 in. J 47 3 in.

3

3 A radio station plays music about 4 of the time. Using this ratio, about 3

how many hours of music would you expect the station to play in

1

6 2 hours time?

2 1

A 8 3 h B 7 4 h

3 7

C 5 4 h D 4 8 h

3 1

4 Find

8

4 . 4

3 2

F G

32 3

3

H J 6

2

4

5 On a recent field trip, 5 of the students in 6th grade at Darwin Middle 5

School were able to attend an art museum. If 72 students went on the

field trip, what is the total number of 6th graders at the school?

2

A 108 5 B 90

3

C 60 D 57 5

24 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 2.2

Explain the meaning of multiplication and division of positive fractions and

NS 2.2

perform the calculations e.g., 8 3 .

5 5 5 16 2

16

8

15

3

A

12

3

B

8

1

C

2

6

D

7

To multiply fractions, multiply the numerators and then multiply the

denominators.

3 2 32

4

3

43

2

4

1

2

Divide the numerator and denominator by their GCF, 2. C

2 3

2 Find the quotient

5

7 .

14

F

15

3

G 4

2

H 3

6

J 35

2 3 2 7

To divide by a fraction, multiply by its reciprocal.

5 7 5 3

14

F

15

11 4

3 Which statement is equivalent to

13

5 ?

13 4

A

11

5

13 4

B

11

5

11 4

C

13

5

11 5

D

13

4

4 5 11 5 11 4

is the reciprocal of , so is the same as . D

5 4 13 4 13 5

25 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 2.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

5 1

1 Find the product

6

4 . 1

20

A

6

5

B

12

5

C

24

1

D

5

5 2

2 Find the quotient

9

3 . 2

5

F

6

4

G

5

10

H

27

1

J

3

1 5

3 Which statement is equivalent to

5

7 ? 3

1 5

A

5

7

1 7

B

5

5

5

C 5 7

7

D 5 5

F Find the least common denominator and then multiply numerators.

G Multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second fraction.

H Divide numerators and divide denominators.

J Multiply numerators and multiply denominators.

3 1

5 Find the quotient

8

8 . 5

3 3

A B

64 16

C 3 D 24

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

26 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 2.3

Solve addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems, including

NS 2.3

those arising in concrete situations, that use positive and negative integers

and combinations of these operations.

Examples 1 The lowest point in Death Valley has an elevation of 282 feet. Towne Pass,

on one of the highways out of Death Valley, has an elevation of 4,956 feet.

What is the difference in elevation between Death Valley and Towne Pass?

A 5,238 ft

B 4,674 ft

C 4,392 ft

D 4,110 ft

4,956 (282). Subtraction is the same as adding the opposite. The

opposite of 282 is 282, so 4,956 (282) is the same as 4,956 282.

Therefore, the difference is 4,956 282, or 5,238 ft. A

2 Three friends are driving from Los Angeles to San Francisco. The distance

between the two cities is 384 miles. If the friends want to split the driving

equally, how far would each of them drive?

F 64 mi

G 96 mi

H 128 mi

J 192 mi

The three friends want to divide the driving task into equal parts. So to find

out how far each friend will drive, divide the total distance, 384 miles, by 3.

Since 384 3 128, each friend will drive 128 miles. H

3 Today is Mrs. Alguno’s birthday. She told her students that she is exactly three

times their age. If the students are all 13 years old, how old is Mrs. Alguno?

A 36

B 39

C 42

D 45

Multiply the students’ age, 13, by 3. So, 13 3 39. Mrs. Alguno is 39 years

old today. B

27 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 2.3

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 In 1997, about 1.2 million people lived in San Diego. If Los Angeles had 1

about 3 times as many people as San Diego, about how many people

lived in Los Angeles in 1997?

A 3.6 million

B 3 million

C 0.4 million

D 0.3 million

California, at 14,494 feet. The highest point in the entire United States

is Mt. McKinley in Alaska, at 20,320 feet. How much higher is

Mt. McKinley than Mt. Whitney?

F 34,814 ft

G 6,037 ft

H 5,826 ft

J 5,286 ft

3 The record high temperature for California is 134°F. The record low 3

temperature is 45°F. What is the difference between the record high and

record low temperatures in California?

A 89°F

B 91°F

C 109°F

D 179°F

4 The average width of the state of California is about 250 miles. The 4

average length of the state is about 750 miles. This makes California

about how many times longer than it is wide?

F 5 times

G 4 times

H 3 times

J 2 times

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

28 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 2.4

Determine the least common multiple and greatest common divisor of whole

NS 2.4

numbers; use them to solve problems with fractions. (e.g., find a common

denominator to add two fractions or to find the reduced form for a fraction).

1

A

2

7

B

12

3

C

4

11

D

12

Find the least common denominator, which is the least common multiple of

3 and 4. The LCD is 12. Rewrite each fraction using the LCD and add the

rewritten fractions.

2 1 8 3

3

4

12

12

11

12

D

8

2 Write the fraction in its simplest form.

20

4

F

10

2

G

5

16

H

40

1

J

3

To simplify a fraction, find the greatest common factor (GCF) of the numerator

and denominator. Then divide both the numerator and denominator by the GCF.

8 84

20

20 4

The GCF of 8 and 20 is 4.

2

G

5

23 5

3 Find the difference

24

6 .

1 1

A B

12 8

1 19

C D

4 24

23 5 23 20 5

24

6

24

24

Rewrite

6

using 24 as the denominator.

3

24

Subtract.

1

8

Simplify. B

29 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Number Sense 2.4

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

18

1 Write in its simplest form. 1

32

3

A

4

9

B

16

1

C

2

1

D

4

3 7

2 What is the least common denominator of and ? 2

8 10

F 20

G 40

H 60

J 80

3 1

3 Find

7

4 . 3

5

A

28

5

B

7

19

C

28

6

D

7

2 9

4 Find

3

.

27

4

6

F

27

13

G

18

7

H

9

J 1

11 7

5 Find

15

.

12

5

3 17

A B

20 24

25 29

C D

32 30

30 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 1.1

AF 1.1 Write and solve one-step linear equations in one variable.

Examples 1 Chandra is going to launch her model rockets this weekend in the local park.

She has three model rockets and she wants to launch each one of them five

times. Each launch requires one rocket motor. Which is an equation that can be

used to find m, the number of rocket motors Chandra needs for her launches?

A m35

B 3m 5

C 5m 3

3

D m

5

When you use verbal phrases to write algebraic equations, words or phrases

often suggest the operation of the equation. The variable of the equation is m,

the number of rocket motors needed. The key to this equation is that she is

going to launch three rockets, five times each. The word times suggests

multiplication. So the correct equation is m 3 5. A

3

2 Which value of d makes the equation 4 d 9 true?

F 15

G 12

H 10

J 8

To find the value of d that makes the equation true, solve for d. Multiply both

4

sides of the equation by 3 to isolate d.

3 4 4

d

4

3

9

3

4

d9

3

or 12 G

3 Gina bought a six-pack of bottled water for $3. Write and solve an equation

for b, the price of an individual bottle of water.

A b $2.00

B b $1.50

C b $1.00

D b $0.50

Since there are 6 bottles of water in a six-pack, 6 times the cost of one bottle,

b, is $3. Written as an equation, this sentence is 6b $3. Now solve for b.

6b $3

$3

b

6

or $0.50 D

31 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 1.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

A 5

B 6

C 7

D 8

2 Julio is in charge of buying miniature California flags for his fellow band 2

members to place in their hats for the Tournament of Roses parade. If he

buys 1 flag for each of the 120 band members and spends $150, which is

an equation that could be used to find f, the cost of one flag?

F 120f 150

G 150f 120

H 120 f 150

J 150 f 120

3 Sung wants to buy a pair of $90 in-line skates that are marked down by 3

20%. Which is an equation that can be used to find the number d such

that 20% of $90 is d?

90

A d

20

d 20

B

100 90

d 20

C

90 100

D 90d 20

4 Yolanda and Jessica are hiking in Sequoia National Park. If they hike for 4

1

9 hours and take breaks every 1 2 hours, how many breaks will they take?

F 9

G 8

H 6

J 4

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

32 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 1.2

Write and evaluate an algebraic expression for a given situation, using up to

AF 1.2

three variables.

Examples 1 At a baseball game, Erika and her friends bought four T-shirts and six caps.

The T-shirts cost t dollars and the caps cost c dollars. Which expression

describes this situation?

A 24tc

B 6c 4t

C 4t 6c

D 4t 6c

Look for key words in this problem to help translate it into an expression.

T-shirts cost t and caps cost c. They bought four T-shirts, which is represented

by 4t. They bought six caps, which is represented by 6c. The and means add.

So, 4t and 6c is represented by 4t 6c. D

2 Chris is buying five ride tickets and two food tickets at a carnival. The

expression 5r 2f can be used to find his total cost if r is the cost of one

ride ticket and f is the cost of one food ticket. What is the total of Chris’s

purchase if one ride ticket costs $3 and one food ticket costs $2?

F $19

G $18

H $16

J $12

Evaluate an algebraic expression by replacing the variables with numbers and

then finding the value of the numerical expression. In this case, the value of

r is 3 and the value of f is 2. So, replace r with 3 and f with 2 in the

expression 5r 2f.

5(3) 2(2) 15 4

19 F

A 11

B 35

C 43

D 52

Replace the variables with the given values. Then evaluate the numerical

expression.

24 62 9 16 36 9

43 C

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

33 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 1.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 Rafiq bought seven paperback books and two hardback books from an 1

online used bookstore. If p represents the cost of a paperback book,

h represents the cost of a hardback book, and the shipping charge is $10,

which expression describes the total cost?

A hp 10

B h p 10

C h p 10

D 2h 7p 10

3a 4c can be used to find the total cost of their trip if a is the cost of

an adult’s airfare and c is the cost of a child’s airfare. What is the total

cost of the trip if adult airfare is $109 and child airfare is $94?

F $703

G $376

H $327

J $203

8

3 What is the value of 4x 2y

z

if x 3, y 7, and z 8? 3

A 27

B 3

C 1

D 2

F 165

G 190

H 273

J 454

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

34 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 1.3

Apply algebraic order of operations and the commutative, associative, and

AF 1.3

distributive properties to evaluate expressions, and justify each step in the

process.

A 14

B 14

C 55

D 124

within the grouping symbols first, then powers, then multiply and divide

from left to right, then add and subtract from left to right.

3(2 52) 5(23 3) 3(2 25) 5(8 3) 52 25; 23 8

3(23) 5(11) 2 25 23; 8 3 11

69 55 3(23) 69; 5(11) 55

14 B

F (d 3ab) 2c

G 3(ab 2c d)

H (3ab 2c) d

J (3ab 2c) d

Solve this problem by using both the commutative and associative properties.

The commutative property says that a b c c b a. The associative

property says that (a b) c a (b c). The only expression that is

equivalent using these properties is answer choice F.

A 3y x 8

B 3x 24

C 3y 24

D 3xy 24y

a(b c) ab ac. Multiply both terms within the parentheses by 3y to get

the answer, 3xy 24y. D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

35 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 1.3

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

addition with the expression 12x2 8y2 5z?

A x2y2z(12 8 5)

B 12 8 5(x2y2z)

C (12x2 8y2) 5z

D 5z 8y2 12x2

c) is equivalent to which of the following expressions?

F 8ab 4bc

G (8ab) c

H (2a c)4b

J 4b(c 2a)

A 2g 9 4

B 18g 36

C 18g 36

D 7g 5

F 52

G 44

H 37

J 25

A 61

B 40

C 36

D 17

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

36 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 1.4

Solve problems manually by using correct order of operations or by using a

AF 1.4

scientific calculator.

A 34

B 2 52

C 53

D 34 2

Following the order of operations, do operations within grouping symbols

first. Since 2 53 is inside the grouping symbols, do 53 first because powers

are done before all other operations. C

F 8

G 18

H 36

J 48

According to the order of operations, do operations within grouping symbols

first, then multiplication or division from left to right, followed by addition and

subtraction from left to right. With a scientific calculator that has parentheses

keys, enter the expression exactly as it is written (including the parentheses) to

get the correct value.

12 (40 4) 6 12 (36) 6

12 6

18 G

A 35

B 29

C 24

D 7

According to the order of operations, the expression is evaluated in the

following steps. With a scientific calculator that has parentheses keys, enter

the expression exactly as it is written (including the parentheses) to get the

correct value.

25 [(7)(3) 62 2]

32 [(7)(3) 36 2] Evaluate powers first.

32 [21 18] Multiply and divide from left to right.

32 (3) Complete the operations inside of the

grouping symbols.

32 (3) 35 Add and subtract from left to right. A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

37 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 1.4

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

use last?

A addition

B subtraction

C multiplication

D division

F 31

G 7

H 7

J 12

A 31

B 27

C 14

D 5.5

F 23

G 20

H 17

J 12

A 178

B 94

C 58

D 9

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

38 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 2.1

Convert one unit of measure to another (e.g. from feet to miles, from

AF 2.1

centimeters to inches).

Examples 1 Dale is the manager of the track team. For each track meet, he fills a 16-

quart cooler with water. How many gallons of water does the cooler hold?

A 64 gal

B 16 gal

C 4 gal

D 0.5 gal

When converting from a smaller unit to a larger unit within the same system,

divide. Since there are 4 quarts in 1 gallon, divide the number of quarts in the

cooler by 4. Since 16 4 4, the cooler holds 4 gallons. C

2 The marine animals at Sea World in San Diego eat an average of 4,500

pounds of food per day. How many ounces of food do the animals eat?

F 281 oz

G 36,000 oz

H 72,000 oz

J 144,000 oz

When converting from a larger unit to a smaller unit within the same system,

multiply. Since there are 16 ounces in 1 pound, multiply the number of

pounds of food by 16.

4,500 16 72,000

The marine animals at Sea World eat 72,000 ounces of food per day. H

3 The main span of the Golden Gate Bridge is 4,200 feet long. About how

many meters long is this span? 1 ft 0.305 m

A 13,771 m

B 4,505 m

C 3,895 m

D 1,281 m

To convert between standard units and metric units, use a conversion factor.

In this case, use the conversion factor 1 ft 0.305 m.

4,200 0.305 1,281 m

The main span of the Golden Gate Bridge is 1,281 meters long. D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

39 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 2.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

motors. If an electric car can travel 125 miles before it must be recharged,

how many feet can it travel before being recharged?

A 5,155 ft

B 5,405 ft

C 125,000 ft

D 660,000 ft

About how many yards high is Bridalveil Fall?

F 1,947 yd

G 1,860 yd

H 310 yd

J 207 yd

3 Barbara has a Spanish test in 72 hours. How many days from now is 3

Barbara’s Spanish test?

A 3 days

B 4 days

C 5 days

D 6 days

4 The distance from Monterey to San Luis Obispo is about 140 miles. How 4

many kilometers is this? 1 mi 1.6 km

F 88 km

G 224 km

H 280 km

J 326 km

5 Ming bought 5 gallons of ice cream that she wants to serve one cup at a 5

time. How many servings does she have?

A 60 servings

B 80 servings

C 100 servings

D 120 servings

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

40 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 2.2

Demonstrate an understanding that rate is a measure of one quantity per

AF 2.2

unit value of another quantity.

Examples 1 The speed limit on some interstate highways in California is 70 miles per hour,

70 miles

which can be written as the fraction . This quantity is an example of

1 hour

which of the following?

A rate

B time

C proportion

D distance

70 miles

Notice that the ratio 1 hour

has a denominator of one unit. In this case, the

unit is 1 hour. A ratio that compares a measure of one quantity to a unit value

of another quantity is a rate. A

2 Raul bought 4 pounds of grapes for $6. What was the cost per pound?

F $1.00

G $1.50

H $2.00

J $2.50

Then find an equivalent ratio with a denominator of 1 pound.

$6 $6 4 $1.50

4 pounds

44

1 pound

Raul’s grapes cost $1.50 per pound. G

3 On her keyboarding test, Rochelle typed 175 words in 5 minutes. What is the

average number of words per minute that Rochelle can type?

A 5

B 30

C 35

D 50

Use the information given to write a ratio with 175 in the numerator and 5 in

the denominator. Then find an equivalent ratio with a denominator of 1 minute.

175 words 175 5 35 words

5 min

55

1 min

Rochelle averages a rate of 35 words per minute. C

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

41 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 2.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 For the pep squad fund-raiser, Jack sold 154 candy bars in 7 days. What 1

is the average number of candy bars he sold per day?

A 22

B 18

C 12

D 7

2 Rosa and her two friends paid a total of $123 for admission to 2

Disneyland. What was the cost per person?

F $62

G $41

H $27

J $19

3 Serge is helping his grandmother make pastries for a family reunion. The 3

recipe calls for 4 cups of flour and makes 48 pastries. How many pastries

does he get for each cup of flour used?

A 4

B 6

C 12

D 18

4 Alberto bought a 10-day fishing license for $10.25 and caught 5 rainbow 4

trout. What was the cost of the license per fish?

F $51.25

G $20.50

H $10.25

J $2.05

5 Delta bought a quart of orange juice for $1.60. What is the price of the 5

orange juice per ounce?

A $0.80

B $0.50

C $0.16

D $0.05

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

42 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 2.3

AF 2.3 Solve problems involving rates, average speed, distance, and time.

Examples 1 Nadja flew with her family from Austin, Texas, to San Jose, California. The

1

trip was about 1,470 miles and took about 3 2 hours. What was the average

speed of the plane?

A 490 mi/h

B 420 mi/h

C 355 mi/h

D 276 mi/h

Divide the number of miles Nadja traveled by the number of hours the trip

took to find the average speed.

1

1470 3 2 420

The average speed of the plane was 420 mi/h. B

2 Elbert rides his bike to school every morning. He travels at an average speed

of 12 mi/h and the trip takes him 15 minutes. How far does Elbert live from

his school?

F 48 mi

G 24 mi

H 8 mi

J 3 mi

To find the number of miles Elbert rides his bike, multiply his rate by the

amount of time he travels. Since his rate is in miles per hour, convert the time

he travels from minutes to hours before multiplying.

rt d

12 mi 1

1h 4 h d mi 15 min =

1

4

h

3 mi d

Elbert rides his bike 3 miles to school. J

3 On a recent trip to the Sierra Nevada Mountains, Dolores rode a bus that

traveled 60 mi/h for 150 miles. How long did the trip take?

1 1

A 4 2 h B 3 4 h

1 3

C 2 2 h D 1 4 h

Since the formula is rt d, you can divide the number of miles traveled by

the rate to find the time of the trip.

1

150 60 2 2

1

The trip took 2

2

hours. C

43 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 2.3

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 Dmitri is writing a 15-page research paper for his English class at a rate 1

1

of 1 4 pages per hour. How long will it take him to finish the paper?

A 30 h

B 18 h

C 15 h

D 12 h

3

per hour for 4 of an hour before they stopped to eat. How far did they

travel before they stopped?

F 51 mi

G 60 mi

H 91 mi

J 136 mi

3 Conception rode the train from San Jose to Sacramento. The trip is 3

3

150 miles and took 3 4 hours. What was the average speed of the train?

A 55 mi/h

B 40 mi/h

C 35 mi/h

D 25 mi/h

4 The first plane to fly faster than the speed of sound was flown in California 4

by Chuck Yeager in 1947. The plane flew at a speed of about 662 miles

per hour. If Mr. Yeager flew at that speed for 15 minutes, how far would

he travel?

F 9,330 mi

G 6,620 mi

H 165.5 mi

J 99 mi

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

44 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 3.1

Use variables in expressions describing geometric quantities (e.g.,

AF 3.1 1

P 2w 2, A 2 bh, C d—the formulas for the perimeter of a

rectangle, the area of a triangle, and the circumference of a circle,

respectively).

a

shown at the right?

A 2ab b

B ab

C 2a 2b

D ab

The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is P 2w 2, where w is the

width and is the length. In the given rectangle, the width is a and the length

is b, so the perimeter is 2a 2b. C

1 7 9

30 2 bh. Which quantity is represented by b in the 5.3

equation? 12

F 5.3

G 7

H 9

J 12

1

The formula for the area (A) of a triangle is A 2 bh, where b is the base

and h is the height. In the given triangle, the base is 12, so 12 is represented

by b in the equation. J

3 Margarita is racing her go-cart around a circular track that has a diameter of

50 yards. What is the length of the track? (Use 3.14 for .)

A 157 yd

B 150 yd

C 94 yd

D 75 yd

The length of the track is the same as the circumference of the track. The

formula for the circumference C of a circle is C d, where d is the

diameter of the circle. The problem states to use the approximation 3.14 for

, so don’t use the key on a calculator for . If no approximation for is

given, then use the key on a calculator.

C d

C (3.14)(50) Substitute 3.14 for and 50 for d.

C 157

The track is 157 yards long. A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

45 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 3.1

best answer. Then write the letter for the answer you have

chosen in the blank at the right of each question.

the right? 7 1

A 7s s

B 7s

C 2(7s)

D 14 2s

(Use 3.14 for .) 2

F 376.8 cm

G 48.43 cm

H 37.68 cm

J 36 cm

the following expressions? 3

w y

1 z

A wy

2

1 x

B xz

2

C 2xz

D 2yx

equation could be used to find s? 4

45 s

F s

3.14

G s 45 3.14

3.14

H s

45

J s 45

A 8c 5

B 10c 4c

C 2c 4c

D 4c c

c

46 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 3.2

AF 3.2 Express in symbolic form simple relationships arising from geometry.

Examples 1 The formula A w, where is length and w is width is used to find the

area of a rectangle. If you know the area and width, how can you find the

length?

A divide the area by the width

B divide the area by the length

C multiply the area by the width

D multiply the area by the length

Since area and width are known, solve the equation A w for , the

unknown length.

A w

A

w

So, to find the length, divide the area by the width. A

2 If the formula for the area of a parallelogram is A bh, where b is the length

of the base and h is the height, which of the following expressions represents

the area of a parallelogram where the length of the base is 5 times the height?

F 2(5h)

G 5h h

H 5h2

J 5bh

Using the formula for the area of a parallelogram, A bh, substitute the

given values for the length of the base and height.

A bh

A (5h)(h)

A 5h2 H

represents this situation?

r

A d

2

B d 2r

C d2r

D dr2

The problem states that the diameter of a circle is twice the radius. Twice

is the same as 2 times, so the radius must be multiplied by 2. Therefore,

d 2r. B

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

47 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Algebra and Functions 3.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 Daniel knows that the area of his bedroom is 156 square feet. He wants to 1

know the length and the width. He measured the width, 12 feet, with a

tape measure. Why does he not need to measure to find the length?

A He can multiply the area and the width to find the length.

B He can subtract the width from the area to find the length.

C He can divide the area by the width to find the length.

D He can add the area and the width to find the length.

F b 2h

G h 2b

1

H h 2 b

1

J b

2

h

perimeter of her house if all sides have length s?

A 5s

B 6s

C 7s

D 8s

length of and rectangle B has a width of 5w, what is the length of

rectangle B?

F 5

G 5w

1

H w

5

J 5w

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

48 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 1.1

MG 1.1 Understand the concept of a constant number such as ; know the

formulas for the circumference and area of a circle.

circumference C and diameter d?

A 3.14

22

B

7

C

C

d

D 3.14159

The Greek letter is used to represent the irrational number that is the

quotient of the circumference of a circle divided by the diameter. It is the

same for every circle. The other answer choices are all common

approximations of . C

F 4 cm

G 8 cm

H 16 cm

J 24 cm

The formula for the circumference of a circle is C d, where d is the

diameter, or C 2 r, where r is the radius. Substitute 4 for r in the second

version of the formula and solve for C.

C 2 r

C 2 (4) or 8 G

A 24 in2

B 36 in2

C 48 in2

D 144 in2

The formula for the area A of a circle is A r2 where r is the radius. The

1

radius of a circle is 2 the diameter. In this case the radius is 6 because

12 (12) 6. So, substitute 6 for r in the formula and solve for A.

A r2

A (6)2 or 36 B

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

49 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 1.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

circle with a diameter of 17 meters?

A 289 m

B 34 m

C 17 m

D 53.38 m

2 A circular swimming pool has an area of 144 square feet. What is its 2

diameter?

F 72 ft

G 24 ft

H 12 ft

J 6 ft

3 Sheila wears a silver ring that has a diameter of 19 millimeters. If she cut 3

the ring and flattened it out until it was straight, how long would the

silver strip be?

A 19 mm

B 19 mm

C 38 mm

D 361 mm

4 Russ has a circular throw rug with a radius of 2 meters. How much floor 4

space does his rug cover?

F 4 m2

G 2 m2

H m2

1

J m2

4

5 Mercedes has a camping tent with a round floor that has an area of 5

9 square feet. What is the radius of the floor of her tent?

A 18 ft

B 9 ft

C 4.5 ft

D 3 ft

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

50 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 1.2

Know common estimates of 3.14; 7

22

and use these values to estimate

MG 1.2

and calculate the circumference and the area of circles; compare with

actual measurements.

Examples 1 Enrique likes to play disc golf. He has a disc that has a diameter of 28 cm.

What is the circumference of his disc?

A 56 cm

B 84 cm

C 88 cm

D 96 cm

22

Both 3.14 and

7

are approximations for that can be used to find the

22

circumference of a circle. In this case, works best because you can

7

simplify it before you multiply.

C d

22 28

C

7

1

22

C 88 Simplify. Use

7

and d 28.

The circumference of his disc is 88 cm. C

2 A basketball goal is a circle with a diameter of 18 inches. What is the area of

a basketball goal?

F 28.26 in2

G 56.52 in2

H 254.34 in2

J 1,017.36 in2

Solve the formula for the area of the circle. Use 3.14 as an approximation for

because the answer choices are given as decimal values.

A r 2

A (3.14)(9)2

A (3.14)(81) or 254.34 Use 3.14 and r 9.

A basketball goal has an area of 254.34 in2. H

3 Cheryl drives a pickup truck. The tires on her truck are 31 inches in diameter.

How far will her truck move if the tires turn around one complete time?

A 97.34 in. B 48.67 in.

C 31 in. D 15.5 in.

Find the circumference.

C d

C (3.14)(31) Use 3.14 and d 31.

C 97.34

The truck moves 97.34 inches. A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

51 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 1.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 A bowling ball has a diameter of 8.6 inches. How far does a bowling ball 1

roll each time it rotates?

A 54 in.

B 27 in.

C 17.2 in.

D 8.6 in.

F 414 mm2 42 mm

G 441 mm2

H 1385 mm2

J 5,538 mm2

radius of 8 inches. How many inches of ribbon will he need to wrap

completely around the cylinder?

A 50.24 in.

B 100.48 in.

C 200.96 in.

D 803.84 in.

4 Jessica’s little sister has an inflatable pool that has a play area of 4

28.26 square feet. What is the diameter of the pool?

F 2 ft

G 3 ft

H 6 ft

J 9 ft

5 Mark marked the wheel of his bicycle and then measured the distance 5

that the bicycle traveled as the wheel turned around exactly one time. The

distance was about 81.5 inches. Which of the following is the best

approximation for the diameter of the wheel?

A 20 in.

B 21 in.

C 25 in.

D 26 in.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

52 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 1.3

Know and use the formulas for the volume of triangular prisms and cylinders

MG 1.3

(area of base height); compare these formulas and explain the similarity

between them and the formula for the volume of a rectangular solid.

Examples 1 A cereal box has a base that is a rectangle measuring 10 inches by 2 inches,

with a height of 12 inches. What is the volume of this box?

A 20 in3

B 24 in3

C 120 in3

D 240 in3

This box is a rectangular prism because its base is a rectangle. The volume V

of a rectangular prism is V wh, where is the length of the base, w is the

width of the base, and h is the height.

V wh

V (10)(2)(12) or 240

The box has a volume of 240 in3. D

the right. The height of the prism is 5 centimeters.

The base of the prism is a triangle that has a 20 cm

15 cm

base length of 15 centimeters and a height of

20 centimeters.

5 cm

F 1,500 cm3

G 750 cm3

H 300 cm3

J 150 cm3

The volume of a triangular prism V is V Bh, where B is the area of the

base of the prism, and h is the height. Since the base of a triangular prism is a

1

triangle, you already know how to find its area (A 2 bh). Area of base

1 1

B 2 bh, or 2 (15)(20), which equals 150. V Bh, or (150)(5), which

equals 750. The volume of the triangular pyramid is 750 cm3. G

6 centimeters and is 20 centimeters high. What is the volume of the

container? (Use 3.14 for .)

A 2,260.8 cm3 B 376.8 cm3

C 113.04 cm3 D 18.84 cm3

The volume of a cylinder, like a prism, is equal to the area of the base times

the height, or V r 2h. V (3.14)(6)2(20) or 2,260.8. So, the volume of the

container is 2,260.8 cm3. A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

53 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 1.3

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

centimeters and is 50 centimeters high. What is the volume of the tube?

(Use 3.14 for .)

A 785 cm3

B 1,570 cm3

C 3,925 cm3

D 15,700 cm3

cylindrical grain silo that is 80 feet tall, and has a base diameter of

16 feet. What is the volume of the silo?

F 2,009.6 ft3

G 4,019.2 ft3

H 16,076.8 ft3

J 64,307.2 ft3

on this oddly shaped lot in the middle

of a Y-intersection. If the building is

75 ft

50 feet tall, what would be its volume? 120 ft

A 450,000 ft3

B 225,000 ft3

C 9,000 ft3

D 4,500 ft3

prism with the same height as the rectangular prism has a base with area

A

. What is the volume of the triangular prism?

2

F V2

G V3

H A3

V

J

2

54 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 2.1

Identify angles as vertical, adjacent, complementary, or supplementary and

MG 2.1

provide descriptions of these terms.

Questions 1–2. 18

2 7

1 Which of the following pairs of angles are adjacent 36 m

angles? 45

A 5 and 6

B 2 and 4

C 1 and 5

D 4 and 6

Adjacent angles have the same vertex and have a common side, but have no

interior points in common. Of the pairs of angles listed, only 5 and 6 are

adjacent angles. A

F 2 and 7

G 3 and 6

H 2 and 8

J 3 and 4

intersecting lines form two pairs of vertical angles. In the figure above, 2

and 8 are vertical angles, as well as 1 and 7, 3 and 5, and 4 and

6. The measures of vertical angles are equal. H

A 90°

B 180°

C 270°

D 360°

above, 1 and 8 are supplementary. B

55 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 2.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

2

Questions 1–2. 1

4

3

A x°

B 90° x°

C 180° x°

D 180° x°

F x°

G 90° x°

H 180° x°

J 180° x°

3 Two angles, A and B, are adjacent angles. Which of the following is 3

always true of these angles?

A If A has a measure of 50°, then B has a measure of 130°.

B If A has a measure of 50°, then B has a measure of 40°.

C A and B share a common side.

D A and B have equal measures.

following statements is true?

F The angles are supplementary.

G The angles are complementary.

H The angles are vertical.

J The angles are neither supplementary, complementary, nor vertical.

5 Two angles each measure 45°. Which of the following is never true? 5

A The angles are complementary.

B The angles are adjacent.

C The angles are vertical angles.

D The angles are supplementary.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

56 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 2.2

Use the properties of complementary and supplementary angles and the sum

MG 2.2

of the angles of a triangle to solve problems involving an unknown angle.

Examples 1 If C and D are complementary, and C has a measure of 23°, what is the

measure of D?

A 237°

B 157°

C 113°

D 67°

Complementary angles have measures whose sum is 90°, so you know that

mC mD 90°. Since mC is 23°, substitute and solve for mD.

23° mD 90°

mD 90° 23° or 67° D

measure of H?

F 3°

G 93°

H 103°

J 267°

Supplementary angles have measures whose sum is 180°, so you know that

mG mH 180°. Since mG is 87°, substitute and solve for mH.

87° mH 180°

mH 180° 87° or 93° G

What is the measure of X?

A 65°

B 90° X Z

C 115°

D 155°

The sum of the measures of the angles of a triangle is 180°. This is a right

triangle as indicated by the square marking on Z. The measure of Y is

given also. Subtract the two known angle measures from 180° to find the

measure of X.

mX 180 90° 25°

mX 65° A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

57 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 2.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

75°. What is the measure of 1?

1 2

A 15°

B 105°

C 165°

D 255°

the measure of A. What is the measure of A?

F 30°

G 45°

H 60°

J 75°

cannot be true?

A mG 60°

B mG 90°

C mE mF mG 180°

D mE

90°

supplementary. What is the measure of T? 58

F 238° R

G 148° T

H 122°

J 32° Q

58 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 2.3

Draw quadrilaterals and triangles from given information about them

MG 2.3

(e.g., a quadrilateral having equal sides but no right angles, a right isosceles

triangle).

outside face of the building is a triangle with two sides of equal length. What

is true about these triangles?

A They are equilateral triangles.

B They are obtuse triangles.

C They are isosceles triangles.

D They are right triangles.

An isosceles triangle has at least two congruent sides. C

shown at the right?

F Square

G Parallelogram

H Quadrilateral

J Trapezoid

The figure shown is a square, which has four congruent angles and four

congruent sides. It is a parallelogram because its opposite sides are parallel

and congruent. It is a quadrilateral because it has four sides. It is not a

trapezoid because it has more than one pair of opposite sides that are

parallel. J

A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

59 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Measurement and Geometry 2.3

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

the right?

A Isosceles

B Scalene

C Right

D Equilateral

the figure shown at the right?

F Trapezoid

G Quadrilateral

H Parallelogram

J Rhombus

A

the right?

F Triangle

G Acute triangle

H Equilateral triangle

J Isosceles triangle

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

60 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.1

SDAP 1.1 Compute the range, mean, median, and mode of data sets.

Examples Use the following table of predicted high temperatures for Big Sur

for the week of June 19th to answer Questions 1–3.

Day Mon. Tue. Wed. Thu. Fri.

Temperature 77° 80° 81° 79° 73°

1 What is the range of predicted high temperatures for Big Sur for the week?

A 8°

B 5°

C 4°

D 2°

The range of a set of data is the difference between the greatest number and

least number in the set. In this case, the highest predicted temperature is 81°

and the lowest is 73°. Since 81 73 8, the range is 8°. A

F mean 79°, median 78°

G mean 78°, median 81°

H mean 78°, median 79°

J mean 74°, median 81°

The mean is the same as the average of the temperatures.

77° 80° 81° 79° 73°

mean

5

78°

The median is the middle number in a set of data when the data are arranged

in numerical order: 73°, 77°, 79°, 80°, 81°.

The median is 79°. H

A 81°

B 77°

C 73°

D no mode

The mode of a set of data is the number that appears most often. In this case,

all of the numbers appear only once. Therefore, there is no mode for this set

of data. D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

61 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

Every Saturday, Rachael rides the BART subway from her home

in San Francisco to her grandmother’s house in Berkeley. The

following table shows the amount of time the trip took each

week for five weeks. The time includes walking time to and from

the stations. Use this information to answer Questions 1–4.

Week 1 2 3 4 5

Time (min) 51 49 53 43 49

A 10 min

B 8 min

C 6 min

D 5 min

F 50 min

G 49 min

H 48 min

J 46 min

A 53 min

B 51 min

C 49 min

D 43 min

F 53 min

G 51 min

H 50 min

J 49 min

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

62 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.2

Understand how additional data added to data sets may affect the

SDAP 1.2

computations of measures of central tendency.

Examples 1 Darnell has the following scores on his math tests for the grading period: 78,

80, 86, and 94. If he scores 83 on his next test, which of the following values

will change?

A Mean

B Median

C Mode

D Range

The median of his current tests is 83, so adding a score of 83 will not change

the median. There is no mode, nor would there be after adding the new test

score, so the mode does not change. Since the 83 is neither the high nor the

low score, the range does not change. The mean is the only value that will

change after the new test score is added. A

2 After her last exam, Melinda’s median exam score changed from an 89 to a

91. She was happy because she needed at least a 90 average to get an A in

the class. Why might Melinda still not have an A?

F Average is the same as mode, not median.

G Average is the same as range, not median.

H Average is the same as mean, not median.

J Average is a value that is different from mean, median, and mode.

be 90. Even though her median score is 91, her mean could still be lower

than 90. H

3 Joshua collects model cars. The mean value of the cars in his collection is

$35 and the median price is $50. Which of the following will not affect the

mean price of his cars?

A Adding a car that costs $10

B Adding a car that costs $35

C Adding a car that costs $50

D Adding a car that costs $100

Adding a car that costs the same as the mean price will not affect the

mean. B

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

63 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 A taxi driver in Los Angeles has had 5 fares this morning. He drove his 1

5 customers 12, 30, 14, 22, and 17 miles each. If he picks up another

fare and drives the customer 19 miles, which of the following values will

change?

A Mean

B Median

C Mode

D Range

2 Because she lives on the beach in La Jolla, Mrs. Alvarez always has 2

grandchildren visiting her during summer. If she makes a set of data of

the numbers of grandchildren that she has visiting each week, the data set

has a small range. But for July 4th, the number of grandchildren visiting

her will greatly change the range of her data. What can you say about the

number of grandchildren visiting her during the 4th?

F The number is probably about the same as the other weeks.

G There is not enough information to say how the data will be affected.

H The number is probably much greater than the other weeks.

J Mrs. Alvarez will not have enough room for all of the grandchildren.

of 5 buildings in San 345 California Building 615

Francisco. If the height of 101 California Street 600

the Transamerica Pyramid, California Center 600

which is 853 feet tall, were Pacific Gas and Electric Bldg. 598

added to the table, which Embarcadero Center, No. 4 570

value would change the

most?

A Mean

B Median

C Mode

D Range

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

64 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.3

Understand how the inclusion or exclusion of outliers affects measures of

SDAP 1.3

central tendency.

Examples Use the data in the following table to answer Questions 1–3.

Box Office Earnings for Five Top Movies

Movie Rank Earnings (Rounded to the nearest million dollars)

1 431

2 282

3 239

4 205

5 171

A Mean

B Median

C Mode

D Range

Because Movie 1 earned so much more than the others, it is called an outlier.

Outliers can also be much less than the other members of a set of data.

Outliers affect mean and range the most. In this case, the median, 239, is

most representative of the data. B

2 Which would be most affected if the number 1 movie were removed from

the table?

F Mean

G Median

H Mode

J Minimum

Movie 1 is an outlier, and outliers affect the mean and range the most. Since

range is not an answer choice, then it would affect the mean the most. F

3 If the number 6 movie earned about $163 million and was included in the

table, would it be an outlier?

A Yes, because it is $8 million less than the number 5 movie.

B Yes, because it is less than the median of the data set.

C No, because it is equivalent to the median of the data set.

D No, because it is only $8 million less than the number 5 movie.

Movie 1 is an outlier, and it earned $149 million more than Movie 2. The

number 6 movie only earned $8 million less than Movie 5, so it would not be

considered an outlier. D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

65 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.3

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

Populations of the Top Four

California Cities in 2000

City Population

Los Angeles 3,694,820

San Diego 1,223,400

San Jose 894,943

San Francisco 776,733

1 In the data set above, which of the following best describes the 1

population of Los Angeles?

A Median

B Range

C Mode

D Outlier

2 Based on the data above, which best represents the population of the four 2

largest cities in California?

F Mean population

G Median population

H Population range

J Population mode

A Because of Los Angeles, it does not represent the data well.

B It is not affected by the Los Angeles data.

C The mean is less affected by Los Angeles than the median or mode.

D The mean is 1,040,945.

4 The population of the 5th largest city in California, Long Beach, was 4

461,522 in 2000. If Long Beach were added to the table, which would it

affect the most?

F Mean

G Median

H Mode

J Range

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

66 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.4

Know why a specific measure of central tendency (mean, median, mode)

SDAP 1.4

provides the most useful information in a given context.

Examples 1 Rochelle surveyed every student in the 6th grade to find out his or her

favorite meal in the school cafeteria. Which measure would she use to find

the most popular meal from this data?

A Mean

B Median

C Mode

D Range

Since the data collected were not numerical, Rochelle cannot find the mean,

median, or range. She can, however, find the mode, which is the most

popular meal. C

2 Students who scored in the top half of their class are exempt from Mr.

White’s math final exam. However, Mr. White did not release a list of names

of students who are exempt. He only released the mean, median, mode, and

range of scores of his class. Along with their own scores, which of the

following should the students use to find out if they scored in the top half?

F Mean

G Median

H Mode

J Range

Students should compare their own scores to the median, since the median is

the middle number when a set of data is arranged in numerical order. G

3 Alicia’s family is thinking about moving to Palm Springs, but they are

concerned about the summer heat. To find out more, they decided to look up

climate data for Palm Springs. All they could find were daily high

temperatures. Which of the following additional pieces of information would

help them most?

A The daily mean temperatures for August

B The daily median temperatures for August

C The modes for the daily temperatures in August

D The daily range of temperatures in August

Since they already know the daily high temperatures for August, the daily

range of temperatures would be the most helpful. Knowing the high

temperature and the range, they can figure out how cool it gets in the

morning, as well as how hot it is in the afternoon. D

67 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.4

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 Mrs. Kim told her math class that anyone who scored below the class 1

average on her exam would have to take the exam again. Which of the

following do students need to know to find out whether they have to take

the exam again?

A The mean exam score

B The median exam score

C The exam score mode

D The range of exam scores

trucks, or SUVs, so he recorded the number and type of vehicles that

drove through a busy intersection during rush hour. Which of the

following measures will tell him which type of vehicle is most popular?

F Mean

G Median

H Mode

J Range

3 For a class photo, the taller half of the students were asked to stand in the 3

back row, and the shorter half were asked to sit in the front row. Which of

the following measures will help students decide where to stand for the

photo?

A Mean

B Median

C Mode

D Range

4 Alberto got a summer job with his brother’s landscape company. He was 4

told that he would mow an average of 8 lawns per day. If Alberto wants to

know what are the fewest and the most lawns he might have to mow,

which of the following will help?

F Mean

G Median

H Mode

J Range

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

68 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.1

Compare different samples from a population with the data from the entire

SDAP 2.1

population and identify when it makes sense to use a sample.

Examples 1 Recently, about 11% of the population of California lived in the city of Los

Angeles. If this percent has remained about the same, about how many of

300 randomly selected Californians would you expect to live in Los Angeles?

A 11

B 22

C 33

D 44

11 n

100

300

100n 3,300 Cross multiply.

n 33 Divide each side by 100.

Out of 300 randomly surveyed Californians, 33 would live in Los Angeles. C

2 Out of 60 students who were surveyed, 9 said that skateboarding was their

favorite sport. If the 450 students in the whole school were surveyed, about

how many would be likely to say that skateboarding is their favorite sport?

F 45

G 60

H 68

J 397

Use a proportion and solve for the unknown value. 68 students would say

skateboarding was their favorite sport. H

3 To find out what kinds of hobbies students in her school have, Juliette asked

the 8 students in her drama club. Which of the following best describes

Juliette’s sample choice?

A It is a good sample because it is small.

B It is a poor sample because it contains all girls.

C It is a good sample because it is not random.

D It is a poor sample because it is small and not very random.

Juliette’s sample is poor because it is small and not very random. She needs

to survey more students, and to survey students from more than just the

drama club. D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

69 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 Rafael needs to find out what kinds of music the DJ should play for the 1

upcoming school dance. Which of the following would make the best

survey?

A His fellow basketball team members.

B The students in his homeroom.

C Every 10th student who enters the cafeteria at lunch.

D The students in the school band.

2 If 120 out of 200 residents of a small town who were surveyed said that 2

they did not want a discount store to be built in their town, about how

many of the town’s 1,900 residents would be likely to have the same

feelings?

F 1,800

G 1,140

H 320

J 200

3 Mrs. Ghish wants to find out where the 6th graders at Yolo Middle 3

School want to go for their class field trip. Which of the following would

make the best sample?

A Every 10th student who walks into the school building in the morning.

B Every 5th student who enters the school cafeteria.

C Ten students chosen at random from the school roster.

D One out of every 5 sixth graders she finds in the hallway between

classes.

this rate has remained constant. If you survey 250 Californians at

random, about how many would live in San Francisco?

F 50

G 25

H 5

J 2.5

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

70 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.2

Identify different ways of selecting a sample (e.g., convenience sampling,

SDAP 2.2

responses to a survey, random sampling) and which makes a sampling more

representative for a population.

Examples 1 Suppose a textbook company sends a letter to the parents of 200 students in

California asking whether the students would like to answer questions to help

them design a new math textbook. Which of the following best describes this

method of selecting a sample.

A Random

B Convenience

C Survey

D Cluster

This is a survey. The parents of 200 students were asked whether their

children could answer questions. Those who say yes will become the sample

for the population. C

2 Suppose that the number of people who visit Yosemite National Park on June 1

is used to estimate the total number of people who will visit the park during

the summer. This would be an example of which of the following methods of

selecting a sample?

F Random

G Convenience

H Survey

J Cluster

Since this survey takes place on only one day, it is designed mostly for

convenience. A more random method of selecting a sample would look at the

number of visitors on more than one day, or on parts of several days. G

3 During the 2000 Census, the Census Bureau sent a longer form, with more

questions, to about 1 out of every 6 households, chosen indiscriminately. The

longer form is an example of what type of sample selection method?

A Random

B Convenience

C Survey

D Cluster

example of random sampling. A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

71 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 The school newspaper asked every eighth student in the hallway how 1

much homework they had on an average night. Which of the following

best describes this method of selecting a sample?

A Random

B Convenience

C Survey

D Cluster

them if they would like to take part in focus groups to help the network

decide what kinds of new shows to air. This is an example of which of the

following methods of selecting a sample?

F Random

G Convenience

H Survey

J Cluster

3 Suppose Caltrans wants to know how many miles most Californians drive 3

per week. To find out, they decide to ask everyone who comes into the

DMV on the first day of each month. Which method are they using to

select their sample?

A Random

B Convenience

C Survey

D Cluster

4 Mr. Jefferson, the school principal, wants to find out how many students 4

plan on attending the basketball tournament this weekend by taking a

random sample. Which should he do?

F Ask the students who come into the office.

G Ask the students who play basketball.

H Go to four classrooms and ask the students in them.

J Ask every 10th student who enters the school in the morning.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

72 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.3

Analyze data displays and explain why the way in which the question was

SDAP 2.3

asked might have influenced the results obtained and why the way in which

the results were displayed might have influenced the conclusions reached.

Examples 1 Which of the following survey questions would not influence the response

given?

A Which television programs do you like to watch in the evening?

B Do you prefer to read books or magazines in the evening?

C Do you like to spend time with your family or by yourself in the

evenings?

D What do you do when you are at home in the evening?

Question D is the only one that does not influence the response given

because it does not suggest a specific activity. Question A suggests watching

television, Question B suggests reading, and Question C suggests spending

time with family or alone. D

Gino’s Italian Restaurant for one year. Use 35

the graphs to answer Questions 2 and 3. Sales

($1,000s) 33

2 Which is a correct statement about the graphs?

31

F The range of sales is greater for Graph A

Jan. Apr. Jul. Oct.

than for Graph B.

G Graph A gives the impression that sales Graph B

40

dropped only slightly. 35

30

H Graph A and Graph B show the exact Sales 25

same sales data. ($1,000s) 20

15

10

J Graph B gives the impression that sales 5

0

dropped greatly. Jan. Apr. Jul. Oct.

that the only difference between them is the vertical

scale. Both graphs show the exact same sales data. H

A The range on the vertical scale is much smaller than that of Graph B.

B The months should be along the vertical axis.

C The points are not connected in a straight line.

D The points are too close together.

Because the range on the vertical axis of Graph A is much smaller than that

of Graph B, it makes the drop in sales look much more drastic. However,

both graphs show the same data. A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

73 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.3

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

Graph A

of paper that students at Chavez Middle 800

School recycled in eight weeks. Use the 600

Pounds

graphs to answer Questions 1 and 2. 400

200

1 Which statement best describes the graphs 0 1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

above? Week

A Graph A could be considered misleading. Graph B

B Both of the graphs have the same scale. 900

800

C Graph B makes the increase in paper 700

recycling look less impressive. Pounds 600

500

D Both graphs show the same recycling data. 400

300

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Week

F The vertical scale does not begin at zero.

G The horizontal scale does not begin at zero.

H It shows incorrect data.

J It includes data that was not shown in Graph A.

given?

A What activities do you enjoy during summer vacation?

B Do you prefer indoor or outdoor activities during the summer?

C Describe your usual summer vacation activities.

D What activities do you associate with summer vacation?

4 Which of the following questions would most likely not influence the 4

response given?

F Which do you enjoy more, math or English?

G What is your favorite school subject?

H Most students prefer science to foreign language; which do you

prefer?

J If you had to choose between taking journalism or art, which would

you pick?

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

74 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.4

Identify data that represent sampling errors and explain why the sample

SDAP 2.4

(and the display) may be biased.

Examples 1 Lucinda asked her parents what their favorite soft drink was. Both of them

said that iced tea was their favorite soft drink. From this, Lucinda concluded

that the most popular kind of soft drink for adults is iced tea. Why is her

conclusion not correct?

A Lucinda only gave her parents two types of soft drinks to choose from.

B We do not know how old Lucinda’s parents are.

C Lucinda did not use a large enough sample.

D Lucinda should have asked two adults who were not family members.

The population that Lucinda is asking about is all adults. She only asked two

adults about their favorite soft drink. For a population this large, 2 is not a

large enough sample. C

2 Fidel lives in Fresno. He wants to find out which professional sports team is

the favorite of people in Fresno. Which would be the best way for Fidel to

select a sample of people to find out which team they like?

F Ask 100 people at a junior high football game.

G Ask 100 of his fellow sixth graders as they enter the school building.

H Stand on a busy street corner in Fresno and ask 100 people of all ages.

J Pass out a questionnaire at school and ask people to mail it back.

If he asks people at a football game, they may be biased toward football, and

Fidel’s question does not specify a sport. If he asks students in his school, he

is limiting his sample to one age group, and the population is made up of

many age groups. The best way for Fidel to select a sample would be to stand

on a busy street corner in Fresno and ask 100 people of all ages. H

3 Brook asked students in his school the survey question, “Cats and dogs are

the most popular pets; what is your favorite pet?” Why is this survey biased?

A She only asked students.

B She mentioned cats before dogs.

C She asked a specific question.

D She suggested answers.

Brook is asking students about their favorite pets, but she implied that the

answer should be cats or dogs. Some students may have favorite pets that are

not cats or dogs. D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

75 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.4

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

Californians. Which would be the best way to select a sample for this

survey?

A Survey 100 people of all ages on a street corner in Los Angeles.

B Survey 1,000 middle school students in all parts of California.

C Ask people who read the paper to e-mail their responses.

D Survey 1,000 people of all ages from all parts of the state.

intersection in Los Angeles during rush hour what was their usual way of

traveling to work. Why is his survey biased?

F He limited the choices.

G He asked only people who were driving cars.

H He asked only people who were riding public transportation.

J He asked only people at intersections.

3 Delta asked students in her middle school what their favorite type of 3

television show was. Almost all of them said that the situation comedy

was their favorite. From this, Delta concluded that the most popular

shows on television must be situation comedies. What is wrong with her

conclusion?

A Delta did not use a large enough sample.

B The question she asked was biased.

C She asked too many people.

D Delta asked too many different age groups.

sunbathing was their favorite beach activity. Why is this survey biased?

F Gilbert only asked people at the beach.

G He should have asked people of different age groups.

H One hundred people is too large a sample for the question.

J Gilbert limited the question.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

76 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.5

Identify claims based on statistical data and, in simple cases, evaluate the

SDAP 2.5

validity of the claims.

Examples 1 An airline that flies out of Oakland and not San Francisco claims that in a

survey of 500 people, 95% prefer to fly out of Oakland rather than San

Francisco. Which information about the survey would be most likely to make

people think the airline’s claim is misleading?

A The survey only included people who were flying on business.

B The survey was of people who were passengers on the airline.

C The survey was taken only during one month of the year.

D Only 25% of the people surveyed lived in the Bay Area.

These passengers could not have flown out of San Francisco because the

airline does not fly out of that airport. Therefore, the passengers are most

likely going to say that they prefer to fly out of Oakland because they like the

airline, not because they like one airport or the other. B

2 Monique asked all the students in her middle school’s science classes to

name their favorite type of novel. The results showed that most preferred

science fiction. Based on this, Monique recommended to the school librarian

that the library should buy more science fiction books. Why is her

conclusion invalid?

F She did not count the number of people she surveyed.

G Her sample is not large enough.

H The sample is not random.

J She should have included students in the math classes as well.

Monique only asked students in the science classes. A better survey would

have asked students at random in all classes, not just science classes.

Therefore, her sample is not random. H

3 A maker of aspirin claims that 2 out of 3 doctors surveyed prefer their brand

of aspirin to other pain relievers. Why might this data be misleading?

A The sample is too large.

B The sample should contain people other than doctors.

C The sample contains different kinds of pain relievers.

D The number of doctors in the sample is not known.

The number of doctors in the sample is not known. Therefore, the survey

could have a sample that is too small, which makes the claim possibly

misleading. D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

77 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.5

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

insurance. Which information about the survey would be most likely to

make people think the company’s claim is misleading?

A The survey only included 100 people in two California counties.

B The survey included both homeowners and renters.

C The survey included both city and rural residents.

D The survey took place in a year when there were no major

earthquakes.

cause more accidents. Which of the following factors should she not

consider when she gathers data?

F Accidents on highways where the speed limit has been increased.

G Accidents on highways where the speed limit has not changed.

H The number of cars traveling on highways with and without increased

speed limits.

J Whether the accidents happen during the day or night.

whether the school day should start later in the day. From his survey, he

concluded that school should not start later in the day. Why is his

conclusion invalid?

A The question was not clear.

B The question was limited.

C He only surveyed students who arrive at school early.

D His survey did not include enough students.

4 Allison’s family is moving to Los Angeles. They read that Los Angeles 4

only receives about 12 inches of rain per year. From this information,

they concluded that the climate of Los Angeles must be like that of a

desert. What is wrong with their conclusion?

F They only looked at the average temperature.

G They only looked at rainfall data for one month.

H They should look at the amount of rainfall over several years.

J They did not consider other climate factors such as temperature.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

78 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.1

Represent all possible outcomes for compound events in an organized way

SDAP 3.1

(e.g. tables, grids, tree diagrams) and express the theoretical probability of

each outcome.

between three types of cola (A, B, or C) in two different

S L S L S L

sizes (small or large) at the concession stand of the city

middle school track meet. How many different cola

choices are there?

A 2

B 3

C 6

D 9

Notice in the tree diagram that each of the three types of cola can be served

in either a small size or a large size, for a total of 6 choices. C

outcomes from rolling two 2, 1 2, 2 2, 3 2, 4 2, 5 2, 6

six-sided number cubes. Use

3, 1 3, 2 3, 3 3, 4 3, 5 3, 6

this information to answer

4, 1 4, 2 4, 3 4, 4 4, 5 4, 6

Questions 2 and 3 below.

5, 1 5, 2 5, 3 5, 4 5, 5 5, 6

2 How many ways are there to roll at 6, 1 6, 2 6, 3 6, 4 6, 5 6, 6

least one “2”?

F 1

G 2

H 6

J 11

Look at the diagram for outcomes that have at least one “2.” There are

11 outcomes where at least one of the number cubes showed a “2.” J

3 What is the theoretical probability of rolling at least one “2” when two

number cubes are rolled?

11 5

A B

36 18

1 1

C D

6 36

Theoretical probability is the ratio of favorable outcomes to the total possible

outcomes. In this case, favorable outcomes are those in which a 2 is rolled.

There are 11 favorable outcomes and 36 total outcomes. The theoretical

11

probability is

36

. A

79 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

Sneakers

Questions 1 and 2. Loafers

T-shirt

Sneakers

Shorts

1 The tree diagram shows the different Loafers 1

Sneakers

combinations of shirt, pants, and shoes Jeans

Loafers

Polo Shirt

that Ashok can wear. How many Shorts

Sneakers

Loafers

combinations does he have? Sneakers

Jeans

A 2 Button-down

Loafers

Sneakers

B 3 Shorts

Loafers

C 4

D 12

2 What is the theoretical probability that Ashok will choose to wear loafers, 2

no matter which pants or shirt he wears?

1

F

12

1

G

6

1

H

3

1

J

2

3 Yolanda has a penny, nickel, dime, and quarter in her pocket. What is the 3

theoretical probability that she will pull out a coin, flip it, and get heads?

1

A

2

1

B

4

1

C

8

1

D

16

4 What is the theoretical probability that Yolanda will pull out all four 4

coins, flip them all, and get heads on all four?

1 1

F G

2 4

1 1

H J

8 16

80 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.2

Use data to estimate the probability of future events (e.g., batting averages

SDAP 3.2

or number of accidents per mile driven).

Examples 1 A football player threw 20 passes during his last game, 7 of which were

complete. If he keeps completing passes at the same rate, how many passes

will he complete if he throws 100 passes?

A 5

B 7

C 35

D 100

Use a proportion to solve this problem.

7 n

20

100

20n 700 Cross multiply.

n 35 Divide each side by 20.

In 100 passes, he will complete 35. C

2 Of the last 100 visitors who entered Joshua Tree National Park, 85 were just

visiting for the day while 15 were going to camp overnight in the park. Out

of the next 20 visitors who enter the park, how many will likely be there to

camp overnight?

F 15

G 7

H 3

J 1

Based on the given information, the probability of a visitor camping in the

15 3

park overnight is 100

, or

20

. Therefore, of the next 20 visitors who enter the

park, 3 will likely camp overnight. H

locations on a stream and caught 3 trout. What is the probability that she will

catch a trout at the next location she fishes?

2

A

3

1

B

2

1

C

3

1

D

5

From the information given, the probability of Angelina catching a trout at

3 1

any given location is

15

, which simplifies to 5 . D

81 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 If a basketball player for the UCLA Bruins takes 60 free throws and 1

makes 27, how many free throws will she make in 160 attempts?

A 81

B 72

C 54

D 9

2 Leona has made an A on 15 of the 18 math tests that she has taken this 2

year. What is the probability that she will make an A on her next test,

which is the final exam?

5

F

6

7

G

9

3

H

4

1

J

2

3 Elton went to the beach 9 out of the past 12 Saturdays. In the next 8 3

Saturdays, how many times will Elton likely go to the beach?

A 2 times

B 4 times

C 6 times

D 8 times

drive to work stuck in traffic jams. If it takes Mr. Brandies 50 minutes to

get to work, about how much time does he spend in traffic jams?

F about 30 min

G about 20 min

H about 18 min

J about 13 min

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

82 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.3

Represent probabilities as ratios, proportions, decimals between 0 and 1, and

SDAP 3.3

percentages between 0 and 100, and verify that the probabilities computed

are reasonable; know that if P is the probability of an event, 1 P is the

probability of an event not occurring.

Examples 1 Speedy Airlines claims that 7 out of 8 of its flights out of LAX are on time.

What is the probability that the next Speedy Airlines flight from LAX will be

on time?

A 90%

B 87.5%

C 50%

D 12.5%

7

The probability of a flight being on time can be represented by the ratio

8

which is 87.5% when written as a percent. B

average stays constant, how many hits can he expect to get in his next 200 at

bat?

F 12.5

G 22.5

H 25

J 45

Multiply his average by the number of at-bats to find the number of hits he will

get. In his next 200 at-bats, the player can expect 200 0.225 or 45 hits. J

Angeles. If you meet 100 Californians at random, how many on average will

not be from Los Angeles?

A 11

B 22

C 66

D 89

not occurring is 1 P. So, the probability of meeting a Californian who is

not from Los Angeles is 1 11%, or 89%. Then, out of 100 people, 89% is

89 people. So, out of 100 Californians, 89 would not be from Los Angeles. D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

83 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.3

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 Suppose you roll two number cubes. What is the probability that the sum 1

of the numbers on the two cubes will be 7?

1

A 33 3 %

2

B 16 3 %

8

C 13 9 %

1

D 11 9 %

that she will not make a hit at her next at-bat?

F 0.638

G 0.623

H 0.362

J 0.263

3 If a meteorologist says that a given area has a 20% chance of rain, what is 3

the probability that it will not rain?

1

A

5

2

B

5

3

C

5

4

D

5

during ski season. What is the probability that a skier will get a room

during ski season if she shows up without a reservation?

F 71.4%

G 57.1%

H 32.8%

J 28.6%

A 0.100 B 100

C 1 D 0.01

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

84 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.4

Understand that the probability of either of two disjoint events occurring is

SDAP 3.4

the sum of the two individual probabilities and that the probability of one

event following another, in independent trials, is the product of the two

probabilities.

Examples 1 Danielle has a bag that contains 25 marbles. Seven of the marbles are green

and three are blue. What is the probability that Danielle would reach into the

bag and randomly choose either a green or blue marble?

3

A

25

7

B

25

2

C

5

4

D

5

Since there are seven green marbles, the probability of picking a green marble

7

is

25

. Since there are three blue marbles, the probability of picking a blue

3

marble is . However, if Danielle can pick either a green or blue marble, she

25

has 7 3 or 10 choices out of 25. Therefore, the probability of picking

7 3 10 2

either a green or blue marble is

25

25

, which is

25

or 5 . C

2 Robert and his sister are playing a board game. According to the rules of the

game, any player who rolls a double (the same number on both number

cubes) gets to repeat their turn. What is the probability of rolling a double?

1

F

3

1

G

6

1

H

18

1

J

36

There are 6 numbers on the cubes, so there are 6 ways a player can roll a

double. G

1 1

A B

2 6

1 1

C D

12 36

Both events are independent. Multiply the probability of each event to get the

1 1 1

probability of both events occurring. Therefore,

2

6

.

12

C

85 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.4

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

3 eighth graders. If she picks a student at random to run an errand, what

is the probability that the student will be either a sixth or eighth grader?

1

A

10

1

B

6

4

C

19

2

D

3

2 A cookie jar has 36 cookies in it. If 12 of the cookies are chocolate chip, 2

and 6 are sugar cookies, what is the probability of reaching into the jar

and pulling out either a chocolate chip or sugar cookie?

1

F

6

1

G

4

1

H

3

1

J

2

At each intersection, equal numbers of cars go straight, turn left, or turn

right. What is the probability that a particular car will go straight through

both intersections?

1 1

A B

9 6

1 1

C D

3 2

4 Alejandra is going to fly from the Los Angeles area to the San Francisco 4

Bay area. There are 4 airports she could leave from in the Los Angeles

area, and 3 that she could fly to in the Bay area. What is the probability

that she will fly out of Burbank in the LA area and arrive at Oakland in

the Bay area?

1 1

F G

12 7

2 3

H J

3 4

86 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.5

SDAP 3.5 Understand the difference between independent and dependent events.

Examples You are in a pool of 5 contestants for a Hollywood game show. For

each round of the game, a contestant is picked from the pool to

play. Once a contestant plays a round, that contestant is removed

from the pool. Use this situation to answer Questions 1–3.

1 Suppose that after each round, a new contestant is brought from the audience

to keep 5 contestants in the contestant pool. What is the probability that you

will be picked to play in each round?

1

A

5

1

B

4

1

C

3

1

D

2

Because the contestant who is picked to play in each round is replaced, the

first round does not affect the probability in the following rounds. These are

1

independent events. The probability of being picked in each round is 5

. A

2 Suppose that the contestants in the contestant pool are not replaced after each

round. What would your probability be of being picked in the second round

and then in the third round?

1 1 1 1

F , G ,

5 5 5 4

1 1 1 1

H , J ,

4 3 3 2

These are dependent events because one person was removed from the pool

in the first round. So, there are four contestants left for the second round, and

1 1

the probability of being picked is 4 , and then 3 for the third round. H

3 What is the probability of being picked in the fourth round if the winning

contestants are not replaced after each round?

1 1

A B

5 4

1 1

C D

3 2

This is a dependent event because the number of contestants in the pool

decreases after each round. In the fourth round only two contestants are left,

1

so your probability is 2 . D

87 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.5

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 There are 14 girls and 13 boys in Amelia’s math class. The teacher is 1

picking two girls and two boys to represent the class in a math contest. If

the teacher has already picked one girl, what is the probability that Amelia

will be picked?

1

A

27

1

B

26

2

C

27

1

D

13

rolled a 6 with his first number cube, what is the probability that he will

roll a 6 with the second one, so he will have 12?

1

F

36

1

G

18

1

H

6

1

J

3

3 Lee has a bag of jellybeans. The bag contains 21 licorice, 14 root beer, 3

and 12 vanilla beans. If she eats 3 licorice beans, what is the probability

that she will reach into the bag and randomly pull out a vanilla bean?

3 12

A B

11 47

4 2

C D

7 3

4 Paco and Tommy flipped a coin to see who would get to ride first on 4

Paco’s new skateboard. When Paco lost the toss, he suggested that they go

for 2 out of 3 flips. Why is Paco still not likely to ride the skateboard first?

F Each coin flip is a dependent event, which does not change the

probability.

G 2 out of 3 is the same probability as 1 out of 2.

H Each successive coin flip has a higher probability.

J Paco is less likely to win 2 coin tosses than Tommy is to win 1 coin toss.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

88 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 1.1

Analyze problems by identifying relationships, distinguishing relevant from

MR 1.1

irrelevant information, identifying missing information, sequencing and

prioritizing information, and observing patterns.

Examples 1 Zachary and his family are going on a camping trip to Kings Canyon

National Park. The trip is 150 miles, and they estimate it will take 3 hours for

the drive and 45 minutes for rest stops. How long will the trip take?

A 45 min

B 50 min

C 3h

D 3 h 45 min

The number of miles that Zachary’s family will travel to their destination is

irrelevant information because the problem asks for the time of the trip.

Simply add the driving time to the rest stop time to find the total, 3 hours and

45 minutes. D

than the morning low temperature. What do you need to know to find today’s

morning low temperature?

F The average high temperature

G The average low temperature

H Today’s afternoon high temperature

J Today’s humidity level

The temperature range was 28 degrees, so the morning low temperature was

28 degrees less than the afternoon high temperature. You need to know the

afternoon high temperature to solve this problem. H

3 Mrs. Moreno picked Julie and Hannah to go to the board to solve the first

quiz problem. She then picked Miguel and Scott to solve the second problem.

Angela and Linda were picked to solve the third problem. Which of the

following describes the pattern Mrs. Moreno is using to pick students?

A girl, girl, boy, boy, girl, girl, …

B girl, boy, girl, boy, …

C boy, boy, girl, girl, boy, boy, …

D girl, boy, girl, girl, boy, boy, …

Mrs. Moreno picked two girls, then two boys, then two girls. A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

89 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 1.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

40, 30, 21, 13, 6, 0, …

A 4

B 5

C 6

D 8

2 Rodrigo is paying his mother $75 every month for 6 months for his new 2

bike. He has had the bike for 4 months now. How much did the bike cost?

F $750

G $600

H $450

J $300

3 Nicoleta had 4 math exams during the grading period. She made an 88 on 3

her first and third exams, and a 93 on her fourth exam. She has a 100

average on her homework. What additional information do you need to

know in order to find her average exam grade?

A Her in-class work average.

B The number of weeks in the grading period.

C The number of homework assignments she had.

D Her score on the second exam.

4 Anton and Trudy went to a USC Trojans football game with $25 each. 4

The game lasted about 4 hours and USC won with a score of 17–12.

When they left, Anton and Trudy had a total of $12.75 between them.

How much money did they spend at the game?

F $37.25

G $24.50

H $12.25

J $5.00

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

90 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 1.2

Formulate and justify mathematical conjectures based upon a general

MR 1.2

description of the mathematical question or problem posed.

Examples 1 Mr. Malcolm has 23 students in his 1st period math class. Which of the

following statements about his class is true?

A He can easily divide the class into smaller study groups.

B He will have even rows and columns of students in the desks.

C He will not be able to divide the class into groups containing the same

number of students.

D He can use all the desks in his classroom to make six even rows of desks.

Mr. Malcolm will not be able to divide the class into groups containing the

same number of students. C

2 Suppose you pick any even number between 100 and 500, and then multiply

that number by 5. Which of the following could be the product?

F 1,525

G 1,610

H 1,642

J 1,835

The digit in the ones place of the product must be a zero because any even

number multiplied by 5 is a multiple of 10. For example, 2 5 10,

4 5 20, etc. Therefore, only 1,610 could be the product. G

following is not possibly a correct statement?

A ab

B ab

C a

b

D a≠b

zero. Since it must divide into the number, it cannot be greater than the

number, so the answer is a

b. C

91 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 1.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 What is the greatest number of even numbers that you can have in a list 1

of 13 consecutive whole numbers?

A 5

B 6

C 7

D 8

them, one number on each card. She tells you to pick a group of

consecutive cards so you are certain that one of the cards has a number

that is divisible by 5. How many cards should you pick?

F 5

G 4

H 3

J 2

the following distances could be the correct one?

A 77

B 75

C 73

D 72

Which of the following cannot possibly be the difference?

F 524

G 525

H 563

J 571

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

92 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 1.3

MR 1.3 Determine when and how to break a problem into simpler parts.

Examples 1 Paulo wants to buy a snowboard that is marked down $40. If the sales tax is

1

84 %, which is the first step for finding the price he will pay for the snowboard?

1

A Find 8 4 % of $40.

1

B Divide $40 by 8 4 %.

C Subtract $40 from the original price.

1

D Add 8 4 % to the original price.

Paulo must pay sales tax on the final price of the snowboard. Since there is a

$40 discount, he must subtract $40 from the original price to find the final

price. C.

2 For which kind of situation would it be most useful to break a problem into

simpler parts?

F Find the area of a circle of radius 3 feet.

G Find the speed of a car that averages 5 miles in 10 minutes.

H Find the difference in temperature between 23°F and 16°F.

J Find how many handshakes will occur when 8 students each shake hands

with each other.

It is most useful to break a problem into simpler parts when the numbers in the

problem are very large or when the problem is based on a pattern or sequence.

In the situations described in choices F, G, and H, you need to calculate a

specific value. In J, you could start with 2 students, then 3 students, then

4 students to see if there is a pattern. Once you find a pattern with fewer

students, then you can solve the problem with 8 students. J

3 A window washing company has been hired to wash the windows on a glass

building. Each of the four sides of the building is 64 feet high and 100 feet

long. The manager wants to divide the work evenly among 4 crews. How

many square feet of windows will each crew have to wash?

A 25,600 ft2

B 6,400 ft2

C 256 ft2

D 64 ft2

Since the building has 4 sides of the same dimensions, assume that each of

the four crews will wash one side of the building. Therefore, there is no

reason to find the total area of the whole building since you would multiply

one side by 4 and then divide by 4. So, simply find the area of one side of

the building which is 64 100, or 6,400 ft2. B

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

93 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 1.3

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

Exploratorium in San Francisco. The trip cost $3 per student for

admission to the Exploratorium, and $4 for lunch. Which is not a

reasonable first step for finding the total cost of the trip?

A Multiply the number of students by 3.

B Multiply the number of students by 4.

C Subtract $3 from $4.

D Add $3 and $4.

2 Stoney is buying himself a set of golf clubs. The $199 clubs are on sale 2

for 25% off. The sales tax is 8%. Which is the best second step for

finding how much he will pay for the clubs?

F Find 25% of $199.

G Find 8% of $199

H Find 8% of $149.25

J Find 25% of $214.52

3 Jessica wants to find the surface area of a crate. How can she break this 3

problem into simpler parts?

A Find the area of the front, side, and top surfaces. Then multiply the

sum of the three areas by 2.

B Find the volume and divide by 3.

C Find the area of the largest side and multiply by 6.

D Find the area of the base and multiply by the height.

simpler parts?

F Round 42,198 to the nearest hundred.

G Find the product of 492 10.

H Find the area of a square with a side that measures 2 feet.

J Find the number of ways Louise can arrange 5 ornaments on a shelf.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

94 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.1

MR 2.1 Use estimation to verify the reasonableness of calculated results.

Examples 1 Elijah and his father are driving from their home in Barstow to visit his

grandmother in Las Vegas. The trip is about 152 miles and his father will

average about 62 miles per hour. Which of the following expressions would

provide the most reasonable estimate for the time the trip will take?

A 150 60

B 160 60

C 150 65

D 155 65

To estimate, round both the dividend and the divisor to the nearest ten. So,

152 rounds down to 150 and 62 rounds down to 60. Therefore, 150 60 is

the most reasonable estimate. A

2 Sonya found the product of 24,879 and 0.046 several times using a

calculator. Use an estimate to choose the correct product.

F 114,434

G 11,443.4

H 1,144.34

J 1.14434

Use the compatible numbers 25,000 and 0.04 to get the product of 1,000. The

answer closest in value to the estimate is 1,144.34. H

3 Sergio bought 9.7 gallons of gasoline costing $1.699 per gallon. Use an

estimate to choose the correct total cost.

A $15.41

B $15.99

C $16.48

D $18.04

Round 9.7 to 10 and $1.699 to $1.70. Then multiply 10 $1.70 is $17. The

answer closest in value to the estimate is $16.48. C

95 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 When they are standing in formation on the football field, the Jefferson 1

Middle School band has 8 members on each of 12 yard lines. Which of

the following expressions would be best to use to obtain a reasonable

estimate for the number of students in the band?

A 10 12

B 8 12

C 10 10

D 99

2 Chase found the quotient of 74,879 and 257 several times using a 2

calculator. Use an estimate to choose the correct quotient.

F 29.14

G 291.36

H 2,913.58

J 29,135.79

3 The prices for soft drinks at a convenience store range from $0.59 to 3

$1.29. What is the best estimate for the total cost of four soft drinks from

the store?

A $2.40

B $4.00

C $4.80

D $5.20

4 Lori bought 189.7 shares of stock costing $19.50 per share. Use an 4

estimate to choose the correct total cost.

F $36.99

G $369.92

H $3,699.15

J $36,991.50

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

96 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.2

Apply strategies and results from simpler problems to more complex

MR 2.2

problems.

A 12,345,677,654,321

B 12,345,678,987,654,321

C 123,456,789,987,654,321

D 1,234,567,890,987,654,321

Solve simpler problems and look for a pattern. 112 121, 1112 12,321,

and 1,1112 1,234,321. Continuing the pattern, 111,111,1112 is

12,345,678,987,654,321. B

F 44,040,000

G 8,002,000

H 4,001,000

J 414,141

Look for a pattern in a simpler problem: 1 2 3 … 8 9 10.

Observe that each pair of numbers in

the sequence adds to 11.

The sum of the sequence from 1 to 10 is 11 5 55.

Since there are 5,000 numbers in the sequence from 1 to 4,000, there are

2,000 pairs of numbers, and each pair has a sum of 4,001.

2,000 4,001 8,002,000 G

at the right are all the same size. What is the 5 cm

area of each of these triangles? 16 cm

A 80 cm2

B 40 cm2

C 20 cm2

D 10 cm2

The formula for the area of a parallelogram is A bh where b is the length

of the base and h is the height. The problem states that triangles in the

parallelogram are all the same size. Because there are four triangles, each one

1

must have 4 the area of the entire parallelogram. So, find the area of the

1 1

parallelogram and then multiply it by 4 . A 5 16 4 , or 20 cm2. C

97 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 Wynona knows that 310 59,049. What is the best way she can use this 1

information to find 312 if she does not have a calculator?

A Multiply 3 by itself 12 times.

B Multiply 59,049 by 3.

C Multiply 59,049 by 9.

D Find 32 and then add the result to 59,049.

1059 have if it were written in standard form?

F 60

G 59

H 58

J 57

4

C 3

squares numbered 1, 2, 3, and 4 each have sides 3

1 centimeter long. You can use the fact that ABCD

2

has sides 4 centimeters long and that the small

1

squares are 1 centimeter on a side to figure out A D

that each of the shaded regions has an area of

6 square centimeters. Suppose you placed 5 squares, each 2 centimeters

on a side, corner to corner in a similar way. If you draw a large square

that contains the diagonal strip of squares and shade above and below the

string of squares, what is the area of each shaded region?

A 35 cm2

B 40 cm2

C 45 cm2

D 50 cm2

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

98 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.3

Estimate unknown quantities graphically and solve for them by using

MR 2.3

logical reasoning, arithmetic, and algebraic techniques.

and 2.

1 What is the corresponding y-value for an x-value

of 1.75? O x

A 1

B 2

C 2.5

D 3

Estimate the location of 1.75 on the x-axis. Then look down to find where

the graph intersects with the x-value of 1.75. On this graph, an x-value of

1.75 corresponds with a y-value below 2 but above 3. Answer choice C,

2.5, is the closest value. C

1

F y 2 x 1

G y 2x

H y 2x 1

J y 2x 1

All points on the graph are solutions to its equation. So, pick a point such as

(1, 3) and substitute these values for x and y for the possible equations to find

out which equation is true for the values. The only equation that is true when

the values (1, 3) are substituted for x and y is y 2x 1. J

16

shown in the graph at the right. How many

boxes of cookies were sold on Thursday? 12

Number

A 13 of Boxes 8

B 9 Sold

4

C 8

D 5 0

S M T W T F S

Day of the Week

Look on the horizontal axis for Thursday. Since there are two Ts (for Tuesday

and Thursday), look for the one that is between Wednesday and Friday. Then,

look up to see where the graph crosses the grid mark for Thursday. The graph

crosses above 12 but below 14. Answer choice A, 13, most closely matches

the value on the graph. So 13 boxes were sold on Thursday. A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

99 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.3

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

and 2.

1 What is the corresponding y-value for an x-value of 2? O x 1

A 3

8

B

3

C 2

3

D

2

2 Which equation best describes the points (x, y) that are on the graph? 2

3

F y

4

x

4

G y

3

x

4

H y

3

x

3

J y

4

x

80

the average high 75

temperatures for Temperature 70

65

each month in San (F)

60

Francisco. Use the 55

graph to answer 50

ry ry ch ril ay ne ly st er er er er

ua rua Mar Ap M Ju Ju ugu mb ctob mb mb

Questions 3 and 4. n

Ja Feb A pte O ove ece

Se N D

A May and June

B June and July

C July and August

D June through October

4 Between which two months does the average high temperature change the 4

most?

F October and November G February and March

H April and May J December and January

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

100 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.4

Use a variety of methods, such as words, numbers, symbols, charts, graphs,

MR 2.4

tables, diagrams, and models, to explain mathematical reasoning.

Examples Use the chart at the right to answer Questions 1 SUVs and Trucks

and 2.

1 The chart at the right tells how many SUVs and trucks

Raquel saw on a recent trip to Napa. If she saw a total of

98 vehicles (cars, trucks, and SUVs), how many were cars?

A 58

B 56

C 42

D 24

Each tic mark indicates one SUV or truck. Count the number of SUVs and

trucks and subtract that number from 98 to find the number of cars that

Raquel saw. 98 42 56. Raquel saw 56 cars. B

2 Suppose Raquel sees 120 vehicles on her way back home from Napa. Which

of the following is the best estimate for the number of those vehicles that will

be cars?

F 68

G 75

H 90

J 105

Since Raquel saw 98 vehicles on her trip to Napa, the number of cars she saw

(56) is a little more than 56% of the total number of vehicles. So, find the

number in the answer choices above that is closest to 56% of 120, or

120 0.56 67.2. F

15%

614 students participate in extracurricular Basketball

sports. The graph shows the percent of the Volleyball 40%

students who participate in the four different 18%

Football

A 35 27%

B 42

C 64

D 94

From the chart, you know that 40% of the students who play sports play

basketball. Simply find 40% of the number of students who play sports, or

235 0.4 94. D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

101 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.4

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

The graph shows fruit box sales for each Fruit Boxes Sold

50

week of the Chowchilla Union High 40

School FFA club fundraiser. Use this Boxes 30

Sold 20

graph to answer Questions 1 and 2. 10

0

1 In which two weeks do students appear to have 1 2 3 4 1

sold the same number of fruit boxes? Week

B week 1 and week 3

C week 2 and week 3

D week 2 and week 4

2 From the graph, which would you say is the best estimate for the average 2

number of boxes sold each week?

F 25

G 30

H 35

J 40

Use the graph at the right to answer Top Five Agricultural States

Illinois

Questions 3 and 4. 13%

California

3 In a recent year, the top 5 agricultural Nebraska 34% 3

14%

producing states sold $76.6 billion worth of

agricultural products. Use the graph to Iowa

estimate California’s agricultural sales. 18% Texas

21%

A $26 billion

B $15 billion

C $13 billion

D $9 billion

4 California’s agricultural sales were about how much greater than Texas’s 4

agricultural sales?

F $42 billion

G $26 billion

H $16 billion

J $10 billion

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

102 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.5

Express the solution clearly and logically using the appropriate

MR 2.5

mathematical notation and terms and clear language; support solutions

with evidence in both verbal and symbolic work.

Examples 1 Mai Li has found rock climbing shoes that range in price from $47 to $93.

Which sentence best describes the price p of a pair of shoes that she is

considering buying?

A p $47

B p $93

C p

$47

D $47 p $93

Since the shoes that Mai Li has found range in price from $47 to $93, the

price of the shoes she’s considering buying could be anywhere from $47 to

$93. The only sentence that describes this range is $47 p $93. D

shown at the right? –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

F x

3

G x3

H 7 x 3

J x
7

The graph starts at 3 and extends to the left end of the number line. Since the

point where the graph begins at 3 is an open circle, you know that the values

graphed are less than but not equal to 3. Since the graph has an arrow on the

left end, you know that the graph continues on to infinity. So, the correct

sentence is x 3. G

A 9.25 105

B 7.06 102

C 1.58 101

D 1.34 102

each expression tells which way and how many places to move the decimal

point when writing the number in standard form. A negative exponent means

that the decimal point is moved to the left, resulting in a number less than 1.

A positive exponent means move the decimal point at the right, resulting in a

number greater than 1. So, 1.34 102 134, which is greater than 1. D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

103 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.5

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 Jamail is shopping for a fly fishing rod and reel. The lowest priced rod 1

and reel that he has found was $34.99. Which sentence best describes the

price p of the rods and reels Jamail has found?

A p $34.99

B p

$34.99

C p
$34.99

D p $34.99

answer Questions 2 and 3. for Fresno, California

80

2 Which expression represents the 2

March average temperature for 60

Fresno? Temperature

(F) 40

F 5.50 101

G 5.50 101 20

H 6.90 102 0

J F M A M J J A S O N D

J 4.53 101 Month

in Fresno?

A t 82

B t 43

C 43 t 82

D 43 t 82

Which of the following must be the

sentence that is represented by the graph?

F y

4

G y

5

H y 3

J y 4

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

104 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.6

Indicate the relative advantages of exact and approximate solutions to

MR 2.6

problems and give answers to a specified degree of accuracy.

Examples 1 Which distance would it be most important to know to the nearest meter?

A The width of your desk

B The height of your school building

C The distance from San Diego to Tijuana

D The distance from Los Angeles to Washington, DC

Look for the distance that would be measured in meters. The height of your

school building would most likely be measured in meters, so rounding to the

nearest meter would make the most sense. The other listed distances would

not be measured in meters, so it would not make sense to round them to the

nearest meter. B

2 Every weekday, Julio’s father drives from their home in Redwood City to his

job in San Francisco. The round trip is 53 miles. About how far does he drive

in one five-day workweek?

F 200 mi

G 250 mi

H 300 mi

J 350 mi

appropriate for the solution to this problem. Julio’s father drives about

250 miles each week. G

3

3 What is the value of to the nearest thousandth?

16

A 0.187

B 0.1875

C 0.188

D 0.19

In this case 3 16 0.1875. Finding the value of 0.1875 to the nearest

thousandth means rounding it to the thousandths place. Seven is the numeral

in the thousandths place. Since the numeral at the right is 5, round the 7 up

to 8. The result is 0.188. C

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

105 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.6

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

centimeters. How should she record her height?

A To the nearest millimeter

B To the nearest centimeter

C To the nearest inch

D To the nearest meter

2 Duane rides his bike a distance of 4,237 meters from his house to school 2

every day. About how far is Duane’s house from his school?

F 2 km

G 3 km

H 4 km

J 5 km

11

$28

16

per share. How much did the stock cost in dollars and cents?

A $28.66

B $28.67

C $28.68

D $28.69

4 In science class, Jewel and her lab partner measured the mass of 4

35 jellybeans with a triple-beam-balance. The pointer on the balance

scale ended up just a little past 40 grams. The scale is marked in whole

grams. What measurement should they record?

F 40 g

G 40.1 g

H 40.25 g

J 40.5 g

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

106 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.7

Make precise calculations and check the validity of the results from the

MR 2.7

context of the problem.

Examples 1 Ms. Aguilera needs to put trim around her classroom bulletin board. The

width of the bulletin board is 85 cm and the height is 130 cm. How much

trim does she need?

A 170 cm

B 215 cm

C 260 cm

D 430 cm

The bulletin board is a rectangle. The perimeter of a rectangle is equal to

twice the width plus twice the length. First estimate by rounding the width

and length to 100 cm, which gives you a perimeter estimate of 400 cm. Then,

find the actual perimeter as 2(85) 2(130) 430. Check to make sure the

answer is reasonable compared to the estimate. D

2 The Sears Tower in Chicago is 1,454 feet high. The First Interstate World

Center Building in Los Angeles is 1,018 feet high. How much taller is the

Sears Tower than the First Interstate World Center Building?

F 2,472 ft

G 454 ft

H 436 ft

J 418 ft

First estimate by rounding the heights to 1,450 and 1,000 feet. This gives a

difference of about 450 feet. Then subtract to find the difference.

1,454 1,018 436. Is this reasonable when compared to the estimate?

Yes. H

3 Darius wants to hang the United States and California flags on his front porch.

2

He has a wooden rod that is 7 5 feet long that he wants to cut in half to hang

each flag on. At what point should he mark the rod so that he can cut it

exactly in half?

1 7

A 3 2 ft B 3

10

ft

1

C 4 ft D 4 5 ft

1

First estimate. Half of 7 feet would be 3 2 feet. Then divide.

2 37 1

7 5 2

5 2

37 1 37 7

5

or 3 . This

2 10 10

is reasonable compared to the estimate, so Darius

7

should mark the rod to cut it in half at 3

10

feet. B

107 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 2.7

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 The area of California is 158,869 square miles. Of that area, 155,973 square 1

miles is land and the rest is covered by water. How much of the area in

California is covered by water?

A 5,280 mi2

B 4,842 mi2

C 3,508 mi2

D 2,896 mi2

California produced $3.626 billion in milk products. The second ranking

agricultural product was grapes. In 1997, California produced $2.819 billion

in grapes. How much higher was the value of milk products in 1997?

F 6.445 billion

G 1.253 billion

H 0.807 billion

J 0.512 billion

240 cm long and 120 cm wide. How much water will the pool hold?

A 691,200 cm3

B 28,800 cm3

C 5,760 cm3

D 2,880 cm3

4 Jason needs to cover the floor of his room before he paints the walls. The 4

floor of his room has an area of 140 square feet. He has drop cloths that

each cover 35 square feet. How many of the drop cloths does he need to

cover the floor?

F 1

G 2

H 3

J 4

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

108 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 3.1

Evaluate the reasonableness of the solution in the context of the original

MR 3.1

situation.

Examples 1 Folsom Middle School has 420 students. On any given day, about 6% of the

students are absent. Which is the most reasonable answer for the number of

students who are absent on a given day?

A 21

B 25

C 28

D 32

Round the 6% down to 5% and mentally find 5% of 420 for an easy estimate

of 21 students. However, since 6% of 420 is a little more than 5% of 420,

25 is a more reasonable answer than 21. B

2 Delbert hopes to earn between $800 and $1,000 mowing lawns this summer.

If he makes $20 for each lawn he mows, what is a reasonable number of

lawns he must mow during the summer to reach his goal?

F 40 or fewer

G 40

H between 40 and 50

J 50 or more

At $20 per lawn, Delbert would need to mow 40 lawns to make $800, and

50 lawns to make $1,000, so he will need to mow between 40 and 50 lawns. H

3 Sandra has to go to the dentist for a checkup every 4 months. What is the

most reasonable estimate for the number of times she’ll have to go to the

dentist in a 3-year period?

A 6

B 9

C 12

D 18

Since there are 12 months in a year, then Sandra goes to the dentist 3 times a

year. In a 3-year period, Sandra would likely go to the dentist 9 times. B

109 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 3.1

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1 Samuel is helping his mother fertilize their lawn. The lawn has an area of 1

11,000 square feet and each bag of fertilizer covers about 2,000 square

feet. How many bags will they need in order to cover the entire lawn?

A 3

B 4

C 5

D 6

2 Jacque is flying a kite. She has tied three 48-foot rolls of string together 2

to fly the kite. If she has let out all of the string, what is a reasonable

estimate for the height of the kite?

F 120 ft

G 150 ft

H 175 ft

J 200 ft

3 Michael is having a clambake on the beach at Big Sur and he has invited 3

9 of his friends. He estimates that each person will eat 12 clams, but he is

not sure whether everyone will show up. What is the most reasonable

estimate for the number of clams that will be eaten at Michael’s

clambake?

A 120

B 115

C 100

D 25

4 Delia has a job handing out surveys at a shopping mall. Usually between 4

5% and 7% of the surveys she hands out are completed and returned to

her. If she hands out 144 surveys one evening, how many can she expect

to be returned?

F 7 or fewer

G between 7 and 12

H exactly 12

J more than 12

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

110 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 3.2

Note method of deriving the solution and demonstrate conceptual

MR 3.2

understanding of the derivation by solving similar problems.

Examples 1 To solve the equation 4x 3 25, first add 3 to each side and then divide

each side by 4. How can you solve the equation 40 6y 8?

A Add 40 to both sides and then divide by 6.

B Add 6 to both sides and then divide by 8.

C Add 8 to both sides and then divide by 40.

D Add 8 to both sides and then divide by 6.

undo the subtraction by adding 8 to both sides of the equation. Then undo the

multiplication by dividing both sides by 6. D

How would you convert meters to kilometers?

F Multiply the number of meters by 1,000

G Divide the number of meters by 1,000

H Subtract 1,000 from the number of meters

J Add 1,000 to the number of meters

operation by dividing by 1,000 to convert meters to kilometers. G

Los Angeles. To find the population of Los Angeles, he multiplied the total

population of California by 0.1. If about 3% of the population of California

lives in San Francisco, how can Sean find the population of San Francisco?

A Multiply the total population of California by 0.03

B Multiply the total population of California by 0.3

C Multiply the total population of California by 0.1

D Divide the total population of California by 0.03

To find the percent of a number, change the percent to a decimal and then

multiply the decimal by the number. In this case, 3% becomes 0.03. Then

multiply the total population of California by 0.03 to find 3% of the

population of California, which is about the population of San Francisco. A

111 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 3.2

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

How would you convert 20 centimeters to inches?

A 20 2.54

B 2.54 20

C 20 2.54

D 20 25.4

you solve the equation 5 b 6

F Add 6 to both sides.

G Multiply both sides by 6.

H Subtract 6 from both sides.

J Divide both sides by 6.

A 72

B 64

C 50

D 32

4 If 1,000 millimeters equals 1 meter then what is 1,000 milliliters equal to? 4

F 1L

G 10 L

H 100 L

J 1,000 L

y

equation by 4. How would he solve the equation 5 70?

A Divide both sides by 5.

B Subtract 5 from both sides.

C Add 5 to both sides.

D Multiply both sides by 5.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

112 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 3.3

Develop generalizations of the results obtained and the strategies used and

MR 3.3

apply them in new problem situations.

Examples 1 Jessica knows that the solution to the equation x 12 17 is 5. What is the

solution to the equation 29 4 y?

A 33

B 25

C 17

D 12

Jessica solved the problem by subtracting 12 from both sides of the equation.

Solve 29 4 y similarly by subtracting 4 from both sides to get 25 y. B

2 If 10% of 1,200 is 120 and 20% of 1,200 is 240, find 30% of 2,000.

F 200

G 400

H 600

J 800

Notice that finding 10% of 1,200 is the same as finding 1,200 0.1 and that

finding 20% of 1,200 is the same as finding 1,200 0.2. So, finding 30% of

a number should be the same as multiplying the number by 0.3. In that case,

30% of 2,000 is 2,000 0.3, or 600. H

80 (11 6) he gets 16. What will be the result when he simplifies

4 (3 5) 7?

A 25

B 18

C 10

D 4

parentheses first because (8 12) 7 is the same as 20 7, or 140, and

80 (116) is the same as 80 5, or 16. So, when he simplifies the

expression 4 (3 5) 7, he should do the operation within the

parentheses first.

4 (3 5) 7 4 8 7 Simplify within the parentheses first.

32 7 Multiply.

25 The answer is 25. A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

113 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Standards Practice

Mathematical Reasoning 3.3

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

solution to the equation 45 13 x?

A 73

B 58

C 32

D 28

2 Gerald found that 15% of 1,000 is 150 and 16% of 1,000 is 160. What is 2

17% of 1,500?

F 170

G 200

H 255

J 275

When she simplified 8 27 3 4 the result was 3. What will be the

result when she simplifies 7 22 4 12?

A 300

B 77

C 53

D 19

to the equation 3x 8 44?

F 12

G 9

H 6

J 2

So, which of the following must be the product of 3 1,258,757?

A 3,776,271

B 3,782,458

C 3,759,512

D 3,781,864

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

114 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Sample Test

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

23.5164?

A Tens

B Tenths

C Hundredths

D Thousandths

For every 25 students there were 2 adults. If there were 125 students in

the group, how many adults went with them?

F 8

G 9

H 10

J 15

3 Masao bought a 5-pack of paper for $7. Which equation could be used 3

to find c, the cost for one pack of paper?

A 5c7

B 7c5

c

C

7

5

D 5c 7

4 The 6th grade class at Harrison Middle School sold 125 tickets to the 4

school dance in 5 days. What is the average number of tickets the 6th

grade class sold per day?

F 5

G 21

H 25

J 30

to Houston, Texas. If her average speed is 65 miles per hour, how long

will it take her to travel the 1,560 miles between the two cities?

A 12 h

B 17.2 h

C 24 h

D 42 h Go on

115 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Sample Test

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

6 Katie needs to travel 165 miles and her average speed is 55 miles per 6

hour. How long will it take her to reach her destination?

F 115 min

G 10 h

H 4h

J 3h

A Their measures have a sum of 180°.

B They are equal in measure.

C Their measures have a sum of 90°.

D They share a common side.

F Acute isosceles triangle

G Obtuse equilateral triangle

H Acute equilateral triangle

J Obtuse isosceles triangle

9 Kichi wants to create a 2-digit secret code. Each of the digits can be any 9

of the numbers from 0 through 4. How many different codes can Kichi

make?

A 8

B 10

C 16

D 25

F 34,876

G 304,876

H 340,876

J 348,760 Go on

116 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Sample Test

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

3

11 Dividing by is equivalent to multiplying by what number? 11

5

5

A

3

B 3

C 5

D 8

12 The record high temperature for San Diego, California, is 111°F and the 12

record low temperature is 25°F. What is the difference between these

two temperatures?

F 86°F

G 96°F

H 106°F

J 136°F

13 Jeremy read the water level changes in the Kings River in California 13

four times during the summer. He made his measurements to the nearest

foot and used a negative sign to indicate a decrease in the water level.

His four measurements were 1 foot, 1 foot, 3 feet, and 1 foot. What

was the overall increase or decrease in the water level?

A 2 ft

B 1 ft

C 1 ft

D 2 ft

14 The Two California Plaza Building in Los Angeles is 750 feet tall. How 14

many yards tall is the building?

F 25 yd

G 220 yd

H 250 yd

J 2,250 yd

radius of r units and a diameter of d units?

A C 2d

B C r 2

C C 2r

D C d 2 Go on

117 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Sample Test

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

rolled, what is the probability that the number rolled will be an odd

prime number?

2

F

3

1

G

2

1

H

3

1

J

6

17 Eight students won $120 in a science competition. How much will each 17

student receive if they share the winnings equally?

A $12

B $13

C $14

D $15

F 227,835

G 45,567

H 27,834

J 25,335

3 2

19 Find the sum of and . 19

5 15

11

A

5

11

B

15

5

C

15

5

D

20

20 A shoe store advertisement stated that the store was selling 2 pairs of 20

shoes for $57.95. If a family of 6 bought a pair of shoes for each

member of the family, how much did they spend?

F $347.95

G $173.85

H $165.90 Go on

J $115.90

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

118 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

21 Zenia is buying end-of-school gifts for her teachers. She decides to give 21

the female teachers engraved pendants that cost $16 each and give the

male teachers engraved pens that cost $18 each. If f represents the

number of female teachers Zenia has and m represents the number of

male teachers she has, which expression could be used to determine the

total cost of her gifts?

A 16 18 m f

B 16f 18m

C fm

D 16m 18f

22 Alma is buying 2 pairs of blue jeans and 3 sweaters for her camping trip 22

to Mt. Shasta. The expression 2b 3s can be used to find her total cost

if b is the cost of one pair of blue jeans and s is the cost of one sweater.

What is the total cost of her purchases if one pair of blue jeans costs $32

and one sweater costs $26?

F $58

G $80

H $90

J $142

1

23 A formula for the area of a triangle is A 2 bh, where b is the base and 23

h is the height of the triangle. Which quantity can you be sure stands for

the length of one of the sides of the triangle?

1

A 2

B A

C b

D h

24 The formula for the area of a rectangle is A w, where is the length 24

and w is the width of the rectangle. Which formula can be used to find

the length, , of the rectangle if you know the area and the width?

w

F

A

A

G

w

H Aw

J Aw Go on

119 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Sample Test

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

1

25 The area, A, of a triangle is equal to 2 the product of the length of the 25

base, b, and the height, h. Which equation can you use to find the height

of the triangle if you know the area and the base?

A

A h

2b

2A

B h

b

C h Ab

D h 2Ab

Questions 6 and 7.

1 2 3

26 Without knowing any measurements, what is 26

true about angle 1 and angle 2?

F They are complementary angles.

G They are supplementary angles.

H They are adjacent angles.

J They are vertical angles.

angle 1 and angle 3?

A 360°

B 180°

C 90°

D 45°

measure of the other angle?

F 180°

G 97°

H 90°

J 7°

A Equilateral triangle

B Acute triangle 35° 55°

C Obtuse triangle B C

Go on

D Right triangle

120 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

F G

10 10 11

10

12

8

H J

10 10 10 11

10 12

the heights of 5 buildings in First Interstate World Center 1,018

Los Angeles. If the height First Interstate Tower 858

of the Wells Fargo Tower, Two California Plaza 750

which is 740 feet tall, were Gas Company Tower 749

included in the data, which 333 South Hope Bldg. 743

measure would show the

least amount of change?

A Mean

B Median

C Scale

D Range

32 If a data value of 12 is added to the data set below, which measure will 32

change?

4, 5, 5, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 18, 20, 23

F Mean

G Median

H Mode

J Range

33 Which measure could be used to find the type of shirt most commonly 33

worn by students in the 6th grade?

A Mean

B Mode

C Median

Go on

D Range

121 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Sample Test

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

4

34 In a survey, 5 of the students in a large random sample of students at a 34

school said they liked the lunches that were served at school. If there are

425 students in the school, what is a reasonable estimate of the number

of students who like the school lunches?

F 85

G 340

H 400

J 531

shows are being watched the most. What type of sample of the

population is the most appropriate?

A Random sample

B Cluster sample

C Convenience sample

D Stratified random sample

store’s selection. To determine whether this is a good idea, the store staff

poll some of the people who come in the video store on the weekend.

This is considered an example of what type of sample?

F Random

G Survey

H Convenience

J Cluster

37 The graph at the right shows the Farms in the United States 37

number of farms in the United 6

States during a period of 57 years. Number

of Farms 4

Why could the graph be (millions)

considered misleading? 2

A The scale for the year is not in 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1997

equal intervals. Year

C The number of farms is decreasing from year to year.

D The points are connected on the graph. Go on

122 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

Angels baseball team finished the season with a batting average of 0.300

or higher. In 1998, 3 of the 13 players with 100 or more at-bats on the

Anaheim Angels baseball team finished with a batting average of 0.300 or

higher. If a player with 100 or more at-bats is selected at random from

each of the two teams, what is the probability that they both had a

batting average of 0.300 or higher?

1

F

5

1

G

15

3

H

13

1

J

65

39 Juan bought 3 apples and 4 pears at 25¢ each, peanuts at $1.49 per 39

pound, and a 10-pound bag of potatoes for $2.49. What else do you need

to know in order to find out the total cost of the shopping trip?

A The cost of an apple

B The number of potatoes purchased

C The number of pounds of peanuts purchased

D The number of pounds of potatoes purchased

40 The table below lists the first six powers of 9. Shading shows the powers 40

that end in the digit 1. The exponents for these powers are circled. Which

of the following describes the exponents that give a power of 9 that ends

in the digit 1?

Exponent (n) 1 2 3 4 5 6

Power (9n ) 9 81 729 6,561 59,049 531,441

F Powers of 2

G Multiples of 2

H Factors of 8

Go on

J Factors of 12

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

123 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

each of the numbers gives a remainder of 3 when divided by 5?

A The digit in the ones place of the sum must be 6.

B The digit in the ones place of the sum must be 1.

C The digit in the ones place of the sum must be 1 or 6.

D The digit in the ones place of the sum can be 1, 6, or 7.

42 Using the table at the right, what is the value of 27? Power Value

42

F 32 21 2

G 64 22 4

H 128 23 8

J 256 24 16

43 In a recent year, the average number of miles per gallon of gasoline for 43

cars driven in California was 18.02 miles per gallon. Which statement

describes the meaning of this average?

A The number of miles driven each day by a car in California was

18.02 miles.

B The number of gallons of gasoline used each day by a car in

California was 18.02 gallons.

C The number of gallons of gasoline used by cars in California divided

by the number of miles driven was 18.02.

D The number of miles driven by cars in California divided by the

number of gallons of gasoline used was 18.02.

for the amount of time he can take to read each book?

F 3 days

G 1 week

H 21 days

J 5 weeks

whole number itself is divisible by 3. Which digit could you use in place

of the underlined digit in the number shown below to get a number that

is divisible by 3?

29,379,134

A 5 B 6

Go on

C 7 D 8

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

124 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

46 On Tuesday, Eric studied math for 35 minutes and English for 25 minutes. 46

What is the ratio of time spent studying English to the time spent

studying math?

F 4 to 5

G 5 to 4

H 5 to 7

J 7 to 5

— T 12

is similar to ZYX. What is the length of YZ?

12 18 X Z

A 6

B 8 S U

C 18

D 24

DE. B 48

5

F 2

A C

G 3 10

H 4 E

x

J 5 D

6

F

49 What is the total cost of a pair of pants that costs $30 if the state sales 49

1

tax is 6 2 %?

A $1.95

B $28.05

C $31.95

D $36.50

50 The seven national parks that are entirely in California cover almost 50

3,000,000 acres. If the Channel Islands Park covers a little more than

8% of the total acreage, about how many acres are contained in the

Channel Islands National Park?

F 2,400 G 24,000

H 240,000 J 2,400,000

51 A $78 portable CD player is on sale for 20% off the regular price. What 51

is the sale price of the CD player?

A $15.60 B $39.00

Go on

C $58.00 D $62.40

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content

125 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Sample Test

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

3

52 According to the Food Guide Pyramid, cup of fruit juice is equivalent 52

4

1

to 1 serving from the fruit group. Using this guide, 4 2 cups of fruit

juice are equivalent to how many servings from the fruit group?

3 3

F 3 8 G 3 4

1

H 5 4 J 6

A Multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second fraction.

B Rewrite the fractions with common denominators, then add the

numerators.

C Rewrite the fractions with common denominators, then divide the

numerators.

D Multiply numerators and multiply denominators.

4 3

54 Which expression is equivalent to

5

4 ? 54

4 3 4 4

F

5

4

G

5

3

5 3 5 4

H

4

4

J

4

3

36

write

60

in simplest form?

A 4 B 6

C 9 D 12

56 Angie gets paid every 6 days. Antoine gets paid every 14 days. If they 56

both are paid today, how many more days will it be until the next time

they both are paid on the same day?

F 21 days G 30 days

H 42 days J 84 days

A 8 B 7

C 7 D 8 Go on

126 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

58 Sarah is keeping a journal and wants to buy a new book to write in. She 58

is looking at a book that contains 488 blank pages for writing. If Sarah

writes 8 pages per week, which is an equation that can be used to find

w, the number of weeks Sarah can write in the book until it is full?

F w 488 • 8

G 8w 488

w

H

8

488

8

J w

488

A 4(y 9) B (4 y) (4 9)

C (4)y (4)(9) D 4y 9

F 9 G 1

H 16 J 15

use last?

A Addition B Subtraction

C Multiplication D Division

62 Alyssa ran the 40-yard dash in 6 seconds. How many feet per second 62

did she run?

2

F 6 3 ft/s G 20 ft/s

H 34 ft/s J 80 ft/s

1

63 Jacque traveled 261 miles in 4 2 hours. What was her average speed? 63

A 58 mi/h B 60 mi/h

C 62 mi/h D 65 mi/h

64 Jermaine needs to ride his bicycle 10 miles to train for a race. If his 64

average speed was 15 miles per hour, how long did it take him to bike

the 10 miles?

F 1 h 30 min G 50 min

H 45 min J 40 min Go on

127 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

Name: Date:

Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the

letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right

of each question.

65 Which formula is true for the area of a circle with radius r and 65

diameter d ?

A A r 2

B A (2r)2

C A d

D A 2r

F 3.12

G 3.13

H 3.14

J 3.15

volume of the cylinder shown at the right?

22 22

A 10 • 7 •

7

B •

7

(52 ) • 7 7 cm

22 22

C •

7

(102 ) • 7 D •

7

(5 • 7) 2

68 Austin’s test scores are 83, 84, 90, 89, 79, 86, 84, and 93. What is the 68

median of Austin’s test scores?

F 84 G 85

H 86 J 87

2003, 6 were won by the American League. Using the data, what is the

probability that the American League wins an All-Star game?

1 2

A B

3 3

3

C D 1

5

2

70 Keisha is making a square pillow with side lengths of 1 3 feet. If she 70

wants to put trim around the edges of the pillow, how much trim will

she need for the entire pillow?

2 2

F 6 3 ft G 5 3 ft

2 1 STOP

H 4 3 ft J 3 3 ft

128 Standards Workbook, Grade 6

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