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GLENCOE

MATHEMATICS
Grade 6

Consultant
Thomas L. Harrell
Mathematics Department Chairperson
G.W. Carver Senior High School
Montgomery, AL
Test-Taking Tips
• Go to bed early the night before the test. You will think more clearly after
a good night’s rest.
• Read each problem carefully and think about ways to solve the problem
before you try to answer the question.
• Relax. Most people get nervous when taking a test. It’s natural. Just do
your best.
• Answer questions you are sure about first. If you do not know the answer
to a question, skip it and go back to that question later.
• Think positively. Some problems may seem hard to you, but you may be
able to figure out what to do if you read each question carefully.
• If no figure is provided, draw one. If one is furnished, mark it up to help
you solve the problem.
• When you have finished each problem, reread it to make sure your answer
is reasonable.
• Become familiar with a variety of formulas and when they should be used.
• Make sure that the number of the question on the answer sheet matches the
number of the question on which you are working in your test booklet.

Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States
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be reproduced in any form, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any
information storage or retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher.

Send all inquiries to:


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Columbus, OH 43240-4027

ISBN: 0-07-870354-9 Mastering the California Content


Standards Workbook, Grade 6

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 024 14 13 12 11 10 09 08 07 06 05
Contents
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Student Recording Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
California Mathematics Content Standards, Grade 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Test Practice
Diagnostic Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Grade 6 Standards Practice


Number Sense. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Algebra and Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Measurement and Geometry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Mathematical Reasoning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Test Practice
Sample Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


iii Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Overview
The material in this booklet is designed to help you meet the California
Mathematics Content Standards for Grade 6.

It contains:
• a Student Recording Chart,
• the California Mathematics Content Standards for Grade 6,
• a Diagnostic Test,
• practice for each Content Standard, and
• a Sample Test.

How to Use This Workbook


Diagnostic Test This test will help you identify any weaknesses you may
have as you prepare to meet the California Mathematics Content Standards
for Grade 6. Once you’ve taken the test and it has been graded, complete the
Student Recording Chart that is found on page v. Mark an × in the square for
each question that you answered incorrectly.
Practice If you missed one or two of the questions for a particular content
standard, you could probably use some extra practice with that standard. The
Student Recording Chart lists practice pages for each standard. Complete the
appropriate practice pages. If you are unsure about how to do some of the
problems, you may want to refer to your mathematics book.
Sample Test After you have completed the practice pages, take the Sample
Test on pages 115 to 128.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


iv Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name:
Student Recording Chart
Directions Mark an × by each question from the Diagnostic Test that you answered incorrectly. If
there are one or two ×s marked for a standard, write Yes in the Need Practice? box. Then complete
the practice pages for that standard.
Strand Number Sense
Standard 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4
Test Questions 1 46  2  47  49  50  19  11  53  10  12  55 
48  51  52  54  13  18  56 
Need Practice?
Practice Pages 15-16 17-18 19-20 21-22 23-24 25-26 27-28 29-30

Strand Algebra and Functions


Standard 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2.1
Test Questions 3  57  58  21  22  59  61  60  14 
Need Practice?
Practice Pages 31-32 33-34 35-36 37-38 39-40

Strand Algebra and Functions


Standard 2.2 2.3 3.1 3.2
Test Questions 4  62  5  6  63  64  23  24  25 
Need Practice?
Practice Pages 41-42 43-44 45-46 47-48

Strand Measurement and Geometry


Standard 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.1 2.2 2.3
Test Questions 15  65  66  67  26  7  27  28  8  29  30 
Need Practice?
Practice Pages 49-50 51-52 53-54 55-56 57-58 59-60

Strand Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability


Standard 1.1 1.2 2.1 2.2 2.4
Test Questions 68  31  32  33  34  35  36 
Need Practice?
Practice Pages 61-62 63-64 69-70 71-72 75-76

Strand Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability


Standard 2.5 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4
Test Questions 37  9 69  16  38 
Need Practice?
Practice Pages 77-78 79-80 81-82 83-84 85-86

Strand Mathematical Reasoning


Standard 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.3 2.6 2.7 3.1 3.2
Test Questions 39  40  41  42  43  70  44  45 
Need Practice?
Practice Pages 89-90 91-92 93-94 99-100 105-106 107-108 109-110 111-112

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


Standards Workbook, Grade 6
v
California Mathematics Content Standards for Grade 6
Number Standard
NUMBER SENSE (NS)
1.0 Students compare and order positive and negative fractions, decimals, and mixed numbers. Students
solve problems involving fractions, ratios, proportions, and percentages:
1.1 Compare and order positive and negative fractions, decimals, and mixed numbers and place them on a
number line.
1.2 Interpret and use ratios in different contexts (e.g., batting averages, miles per hour) to show the
a
relative sizes of two quantities, using appropriate notations  a to b, a:b.
b
4 N
1.3 Use proportions to solve problems (e.g., determine the value of N if   , find the length of a side
7 21
of a polygon similar to a known polygon). Use cross-multiplication as a method for solving such problems,
understanding it as the multiplication of both sides of an equation by a multiplicative inverse.
1.4 Calculate given percentages of quantities and solve problems involving discounts at sales, interest earned,
and tips.
2.0 Students calculate and solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division:
2.1 Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of positive fractions and explain
why a particular operation was used for a given situation.
2.2 Explain the meaning of multiplication and division of positive fractions and perform the
5 15 5 16 2
calculations e.g.,         .
8 16 8 15 3
2.3 Solve addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems, including those arising in concrete
situations, that use positive and negative integers and combinations of these operations.
2.4 Determine the least common multiple and the greatest common divisor of whole numbers; use them to
solve problems with fractions (e.g., to find a common denominator to add two fractions or to find the
reduced form for a fraction).
ALGEBRA AND FUNCTIONS (AF)
1.0 Students write verbal expressions and sentences as algebraic expressions and equations; they
evaluate algebraic expressions, solve simple linear equations, and graph and interpret their results:
1.1 Write and solve one-step linear equations in one variable.
1.2 Write and evaluate an algebraic expression for a given situation, using up to three variables.
1.3 Apply algebraic order of operations and the commutative, associative, and distributive properties to
evaluate expressions; and justify each step in the process.
1.4 Solve problems manually by using the correct order of operations or by using a scientific calculator.
2.0 Students analyze and use tables, graphs, and rules to solve problems involving rates and
proportions:
2.1 Convert one unit of measurement to another (e.g., from feet to miles, from centimeters to inches).
2.2 Demonstrate an understanding that rate is a measure of one quantity per unit value of another quantity.
2.3 Solve problems involving rates, average speed, distance, and time.
3.0 Students investigate geometric patterns and describe them algebraically:
1
3.1 Use variables in expressions describing geometric quantities (e.g., P  2w  2, A   bh, C  d—the
2
formulas for the perimeter of a rectangle, the area of a triangle, and the circumference of a circle,
respectively).
3.2 Express in symbolic form simple relationships arising from geometry.
MEASUREMENT AND GEOMETRY (MG)
1.0 Students deepen their understanding of the measurement of plane and solid shapes and use this
understanding to solve problems:

 Key Standard *  standard assessed on the CAHSEE


© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
Standards Workbook, Grade 6
vi
Number Standard
1.1 Understand the concept of a constant such as ; know the formulas for the circumference and area of a
circle.
22
1.2 Know common estimates of  3.14;  and use these values to estimate and calculate the
7
circumference and the area of circles; compare with actual measurements.
1.3 Know and use the formulas for the volume of triangular prisms and cylinders (area of base  height);
compare these formulas and explain the similarity between them and the formula for the volume of a
rectangular solid.
2.0 Students identify and describe the properties of two-dimensional figures:
2.1 Identify angles as vertical, adjacent, complementary, or supplementary and provide descriptions of these
terms.
2.2 Use the properties of complementary and supplementary angles and the sum of the angles of a triangle to
solve problems involving an unknown angle.
2.3 Draw quadrilaterals and triangles from given information about them (e.g., a quadrilateral having equal
sides but no right angles, a right isosceles triangle).
STATISTICS, DATA ANALYSIS, AND PROBABILITY (PS)
1.0 Students compute and analyze statistical measurements for data sets:
1.1* Compute the range, mean, median, and mode of data sets.
1.2 Understand how additional data added to data sets may affect these computations of measures of
central tendency.
1.3 Understand how the inclusion or exclusion of outliers affects measures of central tendency.
1.4 Know why a specific measure of central tendency (mean, median, mode) provides the most useful
information in a given context.
2.0 Students use data samples of a population and describe the characteristics and limitations of the
samples:
2.1 Compare different samples of a population with the data from the entire population and identify a situation
in which it makes sense to use a sample.
2.2 Identify different ways of selecting a sample (e.g., convenience sampling, responses to a survey, random
sampling) and which method makes a sample more representative for a population.
2.3 Analyze data displays and explain why the way in which the question was asked might have influenced
the results obtained and why the way in which the results were displayed might have influenced the
conclusions reached.
2.4 Identify data that represent sampling errors and explain why the sample (and the display) might be biased.
2.5* Identify claims based on statistical data and, in simple cases, evaluate the validity of the claims.
3.0 Students determine theoretical and experimental probabilities and use these to make predictions
about events:
3.1* Represent all possible outcomes for compound events in an organized way (e.g., tables, grids, tree
diagrams) and express the theoretical probability of each outcome.
3.2 Use data to estimate the probability of future events (e.g., batting averages or number of accidents per
mile driven).
3.3* Represent probabilities as ratios, proportions, decimals between 0 and 1, and percentages between 0 and
100 and verify that the probabilities computed are reasonable; know that if P is the probability of an event,
1  P is the probability of an event not occurring.
3.4 Understand that the probability of either of two disjoint events occurring is the sum of the two individual
probabilities and that the probability of one event following another, in independent trials, is the product
of the two probabilities.
3.5* Understand the difference between independent and dependent events.
MATHEMATICAL REASONING (MR)
1.0 Students make decisions about how to approach problems:

 Key Standard *  standard assessed on the CAHSEE


© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
Standards Workbook, Grade 6
vii
Number Standard
1.1 Analyze problems by identifying relationships, distinguishing relevant from irrelevant information,
identifying missing information, sequencing and prioritizing information, and observing patterns.
1.2 Formulate and justify mathematical conjectures based on a general description of the mathematical
question or problem posed.
1.3 Determine when and how to break a problem into simpler parts.
2.0 Students use strategies, skills, and concepts in finding solutions:
2.1 Use estimation to verify the reasonableness of calculated results.
2.2 Apply strategies and results from simpler problems to more complex problems.
2.3 Estimate unknown quantities graphically and solve for them by using logical reasoning and arithmetic and
algebraic techniques.
2.4 Use a variety of methods, such as words, numbers, symbols, charts, graphs, tables, diagrams, and
models, to explain mathematical reasoning.
2.5 Express the solution clearly and logically by using the appropriate mathematical notation and terms and
clear language; support solutions with evidence in both verbal and symbolic work.
2.6 Indicate the relative advantages of exact and approximate solutions to problems and give answers to a
specified degree of accuracy.
2.7 Make precise calculations and check the validity of the results from the context of the problem.
3.0 Students move beyond a particular problem by generalizing to other situations:
3.1 Evaluate the reasonableness of the solution in the context of the original situation.
3.2 Note the method of deriving the solution and demonstrate a conceptual understanding of the derivation by
solving similar problems.
3.3 Develop generalizations of the results obtained and the strategies sued and apply them in new problem
situations.

 Key Standard *  standard assessed on the CAHSEE

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


Standards Workbook, Grade 6
viii
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 The table at the right gives the lowest Temperature 1


temperature recorded in a recent year City (F)
in each of four U.S. cities. Which list San Antonio, TX 22
shows the temperatures in order from Albany, NY 8
least to greatest? NS 1.1 Reno, NV 2
A 2, 8, 22, 26 Fresno, CA 26
B 8, 2, 22, 26
C 26, 22, 8, 2
D 26, 22, 2, 8

2 In the figure at the right, JKL is similar K Q 2



to RQS. What is the length of QS? NS 1.3 5 in.
4 in. 8 in.

F 1.6 in. J L
S R
G 2.5 in.
H 6.4 in.
J 10 in.

3 If 2b  7  5, what is the value of b? AF 1.1 3


A 6
B 2
C 1
D 1

4 Eduardo is making cookies with a recipe that calls for 4 cups of flour. 4
The recipe he is using makes 96 cookies. How many cookies does he
get for each cup of flour used? AF 2.2
F 22
G 24
H 48
J 92

5 A 32-ounce jar of jelly costs $1.28. At this rate, what is the least that a 5
24-ounce jar of jelly will cost? AF 2.3
A $0.86
B $0.96
C $1.00
Go on
D $1.70

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


1 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

6 Madison is buying a jar of peanut butter and wants to buy the jar with 6
the lowest cost per ounce. Which jar should she buy? AF 2.3
F $2 for 12 ounces
G $2.50 for 16 ounces
H $4 for 32 ounces
J $5.50 for 64 ounces

7 If two angles are supplementary and one angle has a measure of 70°, 7
what is the measure of the other angle? MG 2.2
A 10°
B 20°
C 110°
D 130°

8 What kind of triangle is shown at the right? MG 2.3 A 8


F Equilateral triangle
G Acute triangle 35° 55°
H Obtuse triangle B C
J Right triangle

9 In how many ways can you line up 4 people from left to right for a 9
photograph? PS 3.1
A 4
B 10
C 24
D 256

10 300,000  4,000  800  76  10


F 34,876 NS 2.3
G 304,876
H 340,876
J 348,760 Go on

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


2 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.
8 4
11 What is the first step in calculating the value of 
11
 9 ? NS 2.2 11
4
A Find the reciprocal of 
9
.
8
B Find the reciprocal of .
11
C Find 8  4.

D Find 11  9.

12 The record high temperature for California is 134°F and the record low 12
temperature is 45°F. What is the difference between the record high
and low temperatures? NS 2.3
F 179°F
G 99°F
H 91°F
J 89°F

13 At 9:00 A.M., the temperature in Long Beach, California, was 63°F. The 13
temperature changes measured during the day were 5°F, 2°F, 1°F,
and 4°F. What was the final temperature reading? NS 2.3
A 61°F
B 65°F
C 67°F
D 75°F

14 The town in the United States with the lowest elevation is Calipatria, 14
California, which is 184 feet below sea level. How many inches below
sea level is Calipatria? AF 2.1
F 552 in.
G 1,533 in.
H 2,208 in.
J 2,108 in.

15 What is the circumference of a circle that has a radius of 4 centimeters? 15


A 2 cm MG 1.1
B 4 cm
C 8 cm
Go on
D 16 cm
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
3 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

16 Jason has 15 baseball cards that he wants to share with his friend. If 16
3 of the cards are of players on the Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team
and his friend picks a card at random, what is the probability that the
friend will receive a Los Angeles Dodger card? PS 3.3
F 3%
G 15%
H 20%
J 30%

5 1
17 Clarissa has a piece of fabric 8 yard wide. She cuts off a strip 
8
yard 17
wide. How much fabric remains? NS 2.1
4 3
A  yd B  yd
0 8
1 3
C  yd D  yd
2 4

18 Find the product of 4,073 and 38. NS 2.3 18


F 178.714
G 44,803
H 154,774
J 338,059

1
19 Leroy spent  hour talking on the phone on Monday. He talked on the 19
2
3 1
phone for 
4
hour on Wednesday and for 1 4 hours on Friday. How much
time had Leroy talked on the phone altogether? NS 2.1
1
A 1 2 h
3
B 1 4 h
1
C 2 2 h
3
D 2 4 h

20 Eric wants to buy a new mountain bike. If the bike he wants costs $510, 20
how much would he have to save each week in order to have enough
money in 15 weeks? AF 1.1
F $34 G $36 Go on
H $38 J $42
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
4 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

21 The Taylor family ordered fast food for lunch. They ordered 21
3 hamburgers each costing h dollars, 2 corn dogs each costing c dollars,
and 5 orders of French fries each costing f dollars. Choose the correct
expression to show how much the Taylor family spent on lunch. AF 1.2
A 3h2c5f
B 3h  2c  5f
C hcf
D 9hcf

22 Arlene bought 2 cans of paint each costing p dollars, 3 rolls of wallpaper 22


each costing w dollars, and 2 brushes each costing b dollars at the
hardware store. Write an expression that shows this situation, and
evaluate to find the amount Arlene spent if each can of paint cost $15.75,
each roll of wallpaper cost $23.35, and each brush cost $4.82. AF 1.2
F p  w  b; $43.92
G 2p  w  b; $59.67
H 2(p  w  b); $87.84
J 2p  3w  2b; $111.19

23 What is the perimeter of the rectangle shown in the x 23


figure at the right? AF 3.1
12
A x  12
B 12x
C 24  2x
D 12  x

24 The formula for the volume of a rectangular prism is V  wh, where 24


 is the length of the prism, w is the width of the prism, and h is the
height of the prism. How can you solve this equation for h? AF 3.2
F Divide V by w.
G Divide V by w.
H Multiply V by w.
J Multiply V by w.

25 For the triangle shown at the right, which statement 25


9 4
must be true about the length of side c? AF 3.2
A c must be less than 9. c
B c must be greater than 13.
C c must be greater than 5. Go on
D c must be less than 4.
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
5 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

26 In the figure at the right, angle R is a right angle. R 26


What is true about angles S and T? MG 2.1
F They are complementary. S T
G They must also be right angles.
H They are supplementary.
J They are not measurable.

27 If two angles are complementary and the measure of one angle is 50°, 27
what is the measure of the other angle? MG 2.2
A 30°
B 40°
C 50°
D 130°

28 If two angles of a triangle measure 25° and 55°, what is the measure of 28
the third angle? MG 2.2
F 10°
G 20°
H 100°
J 110°

29 Which of the following is not a possible kind of triangle? MG 2.3 29


A Scalene right triangle
B Scalene isosceles triangle
C Scalene acute triangle
D Scalene obtuse triangle

30 Which of the following is an obtuse triangle? MG 2.3 30


F G
60
30

40 110 60 60

H J
60 40

30
Go on
70 70

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


6 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

31 If another data value of 4 is added to the data set below, which value 31
will change? PS 1.2
0, 1, 2, 4, 4, 5, 7, 8
A Mean
B Median
C Mode
D Range

32 If a data value of 8 is added to the data set below, which measure will 32
change? PS 1.2
0, 1, 3, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15
F Mean
G Median
H Mode
J Range

33 In a survey, 33% of a random sample of the seventh-grade students at a 33


school said they planned to take Algebra in the eighth grade. If there
were 258 students in the seventh grade at the time of the survey, what is
a reasonable estimate of the number of students who will be taking
Algebra in the eighth grade the following year? PS 2.1
A 300
B 133
C 85
D 75

34 Radio stations conduct surveys to see what type of music people want to 34
hear. What type of sample of the population is the most appropriate?
F Random sample PS 2.2
G Cluster sample
H Convenience sample
J Stratified random sample

35 If the number of cars passing through an intersection between 10:00 A.M. 35


and 11:00 A.M. is used to estimate the number of cars that pass through
that same intersection in one day, this is considered to be an example of
what type of sample? PS 2.2
A Random sample B Cluster sample
Go on
C Convenience sample D Stratified random sample
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
7 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

36 Which sample below would provide a random sample of students in a 36


middle school? PS 2.4
F Select a group of students eating in one section of the cafeteria.
G Assign each student a number, write the numbers on small squares of
paper, put the squares in a bowl, shake the bowl, and select several
numbers from the bowl.
H Select all students whose last names start with the letter M.
J Select all students from one homeroom class.

37 William surveyed 50 people outside of the library and asked them how 37
often they use the library. From this, he concluded that people in the
entire city use the library more that twice in one week. Why is his
conclusion invalid? PS 2.5
A The question was not clear.
B The sample population is not representative of the entire city
population.
C Everyone in the city must be surveyed first to draw a conclusion.
D His survey was not long enough.

38 If you select one card from a standard deck of 52 playing cards, what is 38
the probability of selecting an ace or a king? PS 3.4
1
F 
13
1
G 
8
2
H 
13
1
J 
4

39 What are the next three numbers in the sequence below? MR 1.1 39
1, 2, 4, 7, 11, 16, …
A 22, 27, 33
B 22, 24, 27
C 22, 31, 39
D 22, 29, 37

40 If you list 4 consecutive whole numbers, what is the greatest possible 40


number of multiples of 3 in your list? MR 1.2
F 1 G 2
Go on
H 3 J 4
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
8 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

41 What is the total number of triangles in the figure at the right? 41


A 4 MR 1.3
B 6
C 7
D 8

42 The graph shows the average Monthly Average Temperatures 42


temperature for each month for San Diego, California
80
in San Diego, California. What
is the best estimate for the 60
temperature in June? MR 2.3 Temperature
40
(F)
F 57°F
20
G 65°F
H 67°F 0
J F M A M J J A S O N D
J 70°F Month

43 In the 2004 Presidential election, a total of 5,427,055 people in 43


California voted for John Kerry. What is this value rounded to the
nearest thousand? MR 2.6
A 5,427,100
B 5,427,000
C 5,400,000
D 5,000,000

44 It takes about 515 wooden 2-by-4’s to frame an average house. What 44


is a reasonable estimate for the number of 2-by-4’s needed to frame
9 average houses? MR 3.1
F about 2,000
G about 3,000
H about 4,000
J about 5,000

45 Which is the best first step to use in solving the equation 5x  10? 45
A Add 5 to both sides of the equation. MR 3.2
B Subtract 5 from both sides of the equation.
C Multiply both sides of the equation by 5.
D Divide both sides of the equation by 5. Go on

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


9 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

46 On an extra-large sausage and pepperoni pizza, there are 52 pieces of 46


pepperoni and 39 pieces of sausage. What is the ratio of pepperoni
pieces to sausage pieces? NS 1.2
F 4:5
G 4:3
H 5:4
J 3:4

47 If 10 nautical miles are equivalent to 11.5 statute miles, how many 47


nautical miles are in 230 statute miles? NS 1.3
A 265
B 231
C 229
D 200

48 If ABC is similar to DEF, find B 48


the length of 
BC. NS 1.3 6 E
4
3
F 4 A C D F
10 5
G 5
H 8
J 10

49 The United States has about 2,000 miles of Pacific coastline, excluding 49
Alaska. If California’s coastline makes up 42% of these miles, about
how long is California’s coastline? NS 1.4
A 21 mi
B 84 mi
C 210 mi
D 840 mi

50 Kelly earns 2% commission on the sales she makes working at a shoe 50


store. If her sales for the day total $925, how much commission did
Kelly earn for the day? NS 1.4
F $2.00
G $18.50
H $185.00
Go on
J $462.50
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
10 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

51 Rex bought a shirt that cost $24. If the sales tax rate is 8%, what was 51
the total he paid for the shirt? NS 1.4
A $1.92
B $24.08
C $24.80
D $25.92

1
52 In 2004, $1 in U.S. currency bought 1 3 Australian dollars. How many 52
Australian dollars would $4 in U.S. currency buy in 2004? NS 2.1
1
F 4 3
2
G 4 3
1
H 5 3
1
J 6 3

1
53 What is an equivalent way to find 
2
 182? NS 2.2 53
A Divide 182 by 2.
B Multiply 182 by 2.
C Add 182 and 2.
D Subtract 2 from 182.

5 3
54 Which expression is equivalent to 
8
 4 ? NS 2.2 54
5 3
F 
8
 
4
5 4
G 
8
 
3
8 3
H 
5
 
4
8 4
J 
5
 
3

7 4
55 What is the least common denominator of  and  ? NS 2.4 55
12 15
A 20
B 27
C 30
D 60 Go on

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


11 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

56 Jennifer has 54 stickers and 78 pieces of candy. She wants to divide all 56
of the stickers and all of the candy evenly among her friends. What is
the greatest number of friends she can give an equal number of stickers
and candy to without having any left over? NS 2.4
F 2
G 3
H 6
J 12

57 What value of m will make the equation 12.4  32  m true? AF 1.1 57


A 9.2
B 15.6
C 19.6
D 44.4

58 Martin is 68 inches tall. He is 4 inches shorter than his brother. Which 58


equation can be used to find the height of Martin’s brother? AF 1.1
F b  4  68
G 68  b  4
H 68  b  4
J 68  b  4

59 Which of the following shows an expression that can be obtained from 59


3 • (4m • 9n) by using the Commutative Property of Multiplication?
A 3 • (9n • 4m) AF 1.3
B 3 • 4m  3 • 9n
C (3 • 4m) • 9n
D 3  4m • 9n

60 What is the value of (3  2)  (4  (1))? AF 1.4 60


F 1
G 0
H 2
Go on
J 8

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


12 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

61 What is the value of (3  2)4  2(28  22 )? AF 1.3 61


A 372
B 5
C 126
D 611

62 Angela typed 24 words in 30 seconds. What is her rate in words per 62


minute (wpm)? AF 2.2
F 12 wpm
G 48 wpm
H 54 wpm
J 60 wpm

63 Andrew biked 39 miles in 3.25 hours. What was his average speed? 63
A 12 mi/h AF 2.3
B 14 mi/h
C 16 mi/h
D 18 mi/h

64 A 200-square-foot yard requires 10 pounds of fertilizer. At this rate, how 64


much fertilizer will a 500-square-foot yard need? AF 2.3
F 20 lb
G 22 lb
H 25 lb
J 30 lb

65 If C represents the circumference of a circle, r represents the radius of 65


the circle, and d represents the diameter of the circle, which ratio below
represents the value of ? MG 1.1
C
A 
d
C
B 
r
d
C 
C
r
D  Go on
C

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


13 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Diagnostic Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

66 Which statement is true about the value of ? MG 1.2 66


F   3.14
G   3.14
22
H  
7
J   1.73

67 A cylindrical roll of paper towels has a diameter of 6 inches and 67


a height of 11 inches. What is the approximate surface area of
the plastic that covers the outside of the roll? (Use   3.14.)
A 207.24 in2 MG 1.3
B 235.5 in 2

C 263.76 in2
D 320.28 in2

68 The table at the right gives the number of hours Time 68


Mika watched television on the weekdays of one Day (hours)
week. What is the mode for the times that Mika Mon. 3.5
spent watching television? PS 1.1 Tue. 1
F 0.5 h Wed. 2
G 1h Thu. 0.5
H 1.5 h Fri. 0.5
J 2h

69 A soft drink company is having a giveaway contest in which one can in 69


each 12-pack purchased is a winner. If two cans have been used from a
12-pack and were not winners, what is the probability that the third can
is the winner? PS 3.2
1
A 
12
1
B 
10
1
C 
4
3
D 
10

70 Melissa bought 12 pens that cost $0.89 each. What is the total cost of 70
the pens? MR 2.7
F $10.68 plus tax G $1.68 plus tax
STOP
H $1.60 plus tax J $1.55 plus tax

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


14 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 1.1
Compare and order positive and negative fractions, decimals, and mixed
NS 1.1
numbers and place them on a number line.

Examples 1 Which of the following shows the decimals 0.5, 0.7, 1.0, and 0.2 in order
from least to greatest?
A 0.5, 0.7, 1.0, 0.2
B 1.0, 0.7, 0.5, 0.2
C 0.2, 0.5, 0.7, 1.0
D 0.2, 1.0, 0.7, 0.5
Draw a number line and graph each decimal on the number line.
–0.2 0.5 0.7 1.0

–0.2 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0

On a number line, numbers on the left are less than numbers on the right. So
the decimals graphed increase in value from left to right. From least to
greatest, the decimals are 0.2, 0.5, 0.7, 1.0. C

2 Ken finished the bicycle race with a time of 32.3075 minutes, Hark finished
with a time of 32.3705 minutes, and Joaquin finished with a time of 32.3507
seconds. In what order did they finish the race?
F Ken, Hark, Joaquin
G Ken, Joaquin, Hark
H Hark, Joaquin, Ken
J Joaquin, Hark, Ken
Since the digits are the same in the tens, ones, and tenths place, look at the
digits in the hundredths place. For Ken’s time, the digit in the hundredths
place is 0. The digit is 7 in Hark’s time, and 5 in Joaquin’s time. Since the
person with the least time finished first, the order is 32.3075, 32.3507, and
32.3705, or Ken, Joaquin, Hark. G

3 1 7
3 The junior high band uniform hats come in three sizes, 6 4 , 7 4 and 6 8 , but
they are labeled small, medium, and large. Which shows the sizes of the hats
in increasing order of size?
1 7 3 1 3 7
A 7 4 , 6 8 , 6 4 B 7 4 , 6 4 , 6 8
7 3 1 3 7 1
C 6 8 , 6 4 , 7 4 D 6 4 , 6 8 , 7 4
27 29 55
Rewrite the mixed numbers as the improper fractions,  ,  , and  . Then,
4 4 8
27 2 54 29 2 58
rewrite the fractions using their LCD, 8. So, 4
 2  8, and  4
 2   8
.
54 55 58 3 7 1
When you compare these fractions,  8
 8
8
. So, 6 4  6 8  7 4 . D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


15 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 1.1
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Which point on the number line has a WX Y Z 1


1
value of 2 3 ? –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3
A W
B X
C Y
D Z

2 Tony’s batting average is 0.251, Gwen’s is 0.384, Manuel’s is 0.305, and 2


Juana’s is 0.342. Which shows their batting averages in decreasing order?
F 0.251, 0.305, 0.342, 0.384 G 0.342, 0.384, 0.305, 0.251
H 0.384, 0.342, 0.305, 0.251 J 0.251, 0.342, 0.384, 0.305

2
3 On a recent visit to a pecan orchard, Richard picked up 6 3 pounds of 3
4 3
pecans, Delia picked up 6 5 pounds, Amaya picked up 6 4 , and Noel
7
picked up 6 
16
pounds. Who picked up the least amount of pecans?
A Richard B Delia
C Amaya D Noel

4 The table at the right gives the low City Temperature (°F)
4
temperatures for four Montana cities Billings 12
one winter morning. Which city had Great Falls 18
the warmest low temperature? Helena 14
F Billings Missoula 17
G Great Falls
H Helena
J Missoula

5 Felecia is changing the tire on her bicycle. She needs to find a wrench to 5
3
take off the wheel nut. She tried a 4 -inch wrench and it was too big for
1
the nut. Then she tried a 2 -inch wrench and it was too small for the nut.
Which of the following wrenches should Felecia try to remove the nut?
5 7
A  in. B  in.
8 16
3 13
C  in. D  in.
8 16

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


16 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 1.2
Interpret and use ratios in different contexts (e.g., batting averages, miles
NS 1.2
per hour) to show the relative sizes of two quantities, using appropriate
a
notations ( b , a to b, a : b).

Examples 1 In Ms. Ling’s math class, 7 out of every 8 students turn in their homework on
time. What is the ratio of students who turn in their homework on time to
students in Ms. Ling’s math class?
8
A 
7
B 8:7
C 7(8)
7
D 
8
A ratio is a comparison of two numbers by division. In this case, the two
numbers to compare are 7 and 8. This ratio could be written as 7 to 8, 7:8,
7
or 8 . D

2 In the city pet show, 21 out of the 28 birds shown were parakeets. Which of
the following shows this ratio?
F 1:8
G 3:4
H 4:3
J 8:1
The ratio of parakeets to the total number of birds is 21 : 28. This ratio can be
21 21
written as the fraction 
28
. However, 
28
is not in simplest form.
21 37

28
 
47
3 21 3
  The
4
ratio 
28
in simplest form is 
4
or 3 : 4. G

3 Last Saturday, Aimee rode her bike 12 miles in 2 hours for an average speed
of 6 miles per hour. Which expression is used to compute her average speed?
A 2  12
B 2  12
12
C 
2
D 2(12)
Aimee’s speed is a rate, which is a ratio of two measurements with different
units. The units in this rate are miles and hours. To find Aimee’s speed, divide
the number of miles she traveled by the number of hours it took her to travel
that distance.
12 miles

2 hours
 6 mi/h C

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


17 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 1.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 In the school talent show, 16 out of the 24 participants were girls. Which 1
of the following shows this ratio?
A 3 to 2
B 3 to 4
C 2 to 3
D 4 to 3

2 In one night, a pizza delivery driver delivered 18 pepperoni pizzas, 2


15 cheese pizzas, and 12 sausage pizzas. What is the ratio of pizzas with
meat to pizzas without meat delivered by the driver?
F 2:1
G 1:2
H 2:3
J 3:2

3 In an average week, Josefina spends 630 minutes reading books and 3


210 minutes watching television. What is this ratio in simplest form?
1 3
A  B 
3 1
4 6
C  D 
1 1

4 During her softball season, Cheryl Jo made 22 hits in 84 times at bat, for 4
a batting average of 0.262. Which expression is used to compute her
batting average?
F 22  10
G 22  84
H 84  22
22
J 
84

5 In five hours, the Goldberg family traveled 325 miles toward their 5
vacation destination before they had to stop to refuel their car. Which of
the following expressions would you use to find their average speed?
5 1
A  B 
325 65
325
C 
5
D 325  5

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


18 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 1.3
4 N
NS 1.3 Use proportions to solve problems (e.g., determine the value of N if 7   21
,
find the length of a side of a polygon similar to a known polygon). Use
cross-multiplication as a method for solving such problems, understanding
it as multiplication of both sides of an equation by a multiplicative inverse.

Examples 1 Which equation could be the first step in solving the proportion 3r  
18
9
?
A 18  9  r  3 B 18  3  r  9
C 9  3  r  18 D 3r  162
A proportion is an equation that shows that two ratios are equivalent. In a
proportion, the cross products are equal. To solve a proportion, find the cross
products and then solve for the missing term. The first step in solving the
r 18
proportion 3   9
is to find the cross products, 18  3  r  9. B

2 In a recent survey at Mendez Middle School, 42 out of 60 students surveyed


said that basketball was their favorite sport. If there are 850 students at the
school, how many would be expected to say that basketball was their favorite
sport?
F 60 G 102
H 595 J 748
Assume that the ratio of students surveyed for whom basketball is their favorite
sport to the number of students surveyed is equal to the number of students for
whom basketball is their favorite sport in the entire school to the total number
42 b
of students in the school, or 
60
 850
. The variable b represents the number
of students in the entire school for whom basketball is their favorite sport.
Solve for b by finding the cross products.
42 b

60
 
850
60b  42  850
b  595 H

3 In the figures at the right, ABC is similar to B


DEF. What is the length of  ?
EF E
12 10
A 12 units B 10 units 6
C 6 units D 5 units A C D F
When geometric figures are similar, their corresponding side lengths are
proportional. Use the known side lengths to set up and solve a proportion for
the unknown side length.
12 10

6
 
x
12x  60 Find cross products.
x  5 units Solve for x. D
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
19 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 1.3
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 At Barton Junior High, there is one teacher for every 24 students. If there 1
are 768 students at the school, how many teachers are there?
A 32 teachers
B 24 teachers
C 18 teachers
D 12 teachers

2 Gregg has a chocolate chip cookie recipe that makes 64 cookies and calls 2
for 4 cups of flour. If he only wants to make 48 cookies, how many cups
of flour would he need?
F 1c
G 2c
H 5c
J 3c

3 Rectangle EFGH is similar to X 28 Y 3


rectangle WXYZ. What is the
length of side 
YZ?
F 7 G
A 28 units 3
B 21 units E H W Z
C 12 units
D 10 units

4 An architect built a scale model of the new Jonestown Public Library. The 4
length of the model building was 36 inches and the width was 20 inches.
If the actual library is going to be 126 feet long, how wide will it be?
F 226 ft
G 70 ft
H 48 ft
J 20 ft

5 To make orange juice from concentrate, you mix water with the concentrate 5
in the ratio of 3:2. If you want to make orange juice from 6 quarts of
concentrate, how many quarts of water do you need?
A 36 B 18
C 12 D 9
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
20 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 1.4
Calculate given percentages of quantities and solve problems involving
NS 1.4
discounts at sales, interest earned, and tips.

Examples 1 At Mr. Ho’s surf shop, all surfboards are on sale for 20% off. How much
money will Biff save if he wants to buy a surfboard that costs $540 before
the discount?
A $54
B $108
C $432
D $648
To find out how much Biff will save, find the amount of the discount, or
20% of $540.
540(0.20)  108
Biff will save $108. B

2 Mr. Ho is required to charge sales tax on every item he sells in his shop. If
1
the sales tax is 8 2 %, how much will Sharon’s $411 surfboard cost with tax?
F $34.94
G $419.50
H $440.50
J $445.94
1
Find the amount of the tax, t, which is 8 2 % of $411.
To find t multiply $411 by 0.085.
t  $34.94. Then, add $34.94 to $411 to find the total cost, $445.94. J

3 After Biff considered buying the surfboard, he decided to wait 6 months and
put the $432 he was going to spend on the surfboard into a savings account.
If the bank pays an annual interest rate of 6% on Biff’s savings account, how
much interest would he earn in 6 months?
A $12.96
B $25.92
C $36.72
D $51.84
To find simple interest, use the formula I  prt where I is the interest, p is
the principal, or the amount of money invested or borrowed, r is the annual
interest rate, and t is the time in years. The principal is $432, the rate is 6%,
1
and the time, 6 months or 2 year.
I  prt
 ($432)(0.06) 2 
1

 $12.96
Biff earned $12.96 interest on his $432 in 6 months. A
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
21 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 1.4
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Jeremy is buying a jacket that costs $65. The jacket is on sale for 30% 1
off. What is the cost of the jacket before sales tax is added?
A $19.50
B $30
C $35
D $45.50

2 Kelli and her friends ate salads for lunch. The total bill was $22. If they 2
want to leave a 15% tip for the waiter, how much tip should they leave on
the table?
F $2.20
G $3.30
H $4.40
J $5.50

3 Two years ago, Tyrone received a gift of $200 from his grandmother for 3
his birthday. He put the money in a savings account that earns 7% interest.
Tyrone now wants to use the money to buy a new bicycle. How much
money does he have?
A $228
B $114
C $28
D $14

4 Toni is selling candy bars as part of her school band fund-raiser. The 4
band gets 60% of the money from the sales. The rest goes to pay for the
candy bars. If Toni sells candy bars worth $75, how much money does
the band get from her sales?
F $80 G $60
H $45 J $30

5 Devon borrowed $900 from his older brother to buy a new computer. He 5
agreed to pay back his brother $1,044 in two years. What interest rate is
Devon’s brother charging him?
A 4.4% B 8%
C 10% D 16%
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
22 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 2.1
Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
NS 2.1
of positive fractions and explain why a particular operation was used for a
given situation.

Examples 1 Charlie mows lawns after school and on weekends to earn extra money.
3
Charlie’s mower holds  gallon of fuel and his string trimmer holds
4
1
 gallon of fuel. How much fuel must Charlie have to fill both his mower
5
and string trimmer?
1 3
A  gal B  gal
2 4
7 19
C  gal D  gal
8 20

3 1
To add  and  , you must rename with a common denominator.
4 5
3 1 15 4

4
 
5
 
20
 
20
The LCD is 20.
19
 
20
19 19
Since  is in simplest form, the answer is  gallon. D
20 20

2
2 If the local hike-and-bike trail is  of a mile long, how far did Susanna run if
3
1
she ran around the trail 2 2 times?
2
F 2 mi G 1 3 mi
1 3
H 1 2 mi J 
4
mi

1 5
First write the mixed number 2 2 as the improper fraction 2 . Then multiply.
2 1 2 5

3
 2
2

3 2
10
 6
5
 3 The GCF of 10 and 6 is 2.
2
 1 3
2
Susanna ran 1 
3
miles. G

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


23 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 2.1
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.
1 3
1 If Monica is 62 3 inches tall and her mother is 59 4 inches tall, how much 1
taller is Monica than her mother?
1 7
A 3 3 B 2
12
5 2
C 2
12
D 1 3

2
2 Shay’s little sister was 1 3 inches too short to ride the largest roller coaster 2
1
at the amusement park. If she is 46 2 inches tall, how tall must a rider be
in order to ride the roller coaster?
1
F 48 6 in. G 48 in.
3 1
H 47 4 in. J 47 3 in.

3
3 A radio station plays music about 4 of the time. Using this ratio, about 3
how many hours of music would you expect the station to play in
1
6 2 hours time?
2 1
A 8 3 h B 7 4 h
3 7
C 5 4 h D 4 8 h

3 1
4 Find 
8
 4 . 4
3 2
F  G 
32 3
3
H  J 6
2

4
5 On a recent field trip, 5 of the students in 6th grade at Darwin Middle 5
School were able to attend an art museum. If 72 students went on the
field trip, what is the total number of 6th graders at the school?
2
A 108 5 B 90
3
C 60 D 57 5

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


24 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 2.2
Explain the meaning of multiplication and division of positive fractions and
NS 2.2
perform the calculations e.g., 8    3 .
5 5 5 16 2
16
 8  
15

Examples 1 Find the product 43  23 .


3
A 
12
3
B 
8
1
C 
2
6
D 
7
To multiply fractions, multiply the numerators and then multiply the
denominators.
3 2 32

4
 
3
 
43
2
 
4
1
 
2
Divide the numerator and denominator by their GCF, 2. C

2 3
2 Find the quotient 
5
 7 .
14
F 
15
3
G 4
2
H 3
6
J 35
2 3 2 7
   To divide by a fraction, multiply by its reciprocal.
5 7 5 3
14
  F
15

11 4
3 Which statement is equivalent to 
13
 5 ?
13 4
A 
11
 
5
13 4
B 
11

5
11 4
C 
13
 5
11 5
D 
13
 4

Dividing by a fraction is the same as multiplying by its reciprocal. In this case,


4 5 11 5 11 4
 is the reciprocal of  , so    is the same as    . D
5 4 13 4 13 5

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


25 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 2.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.
5 1
1 Find the product 
6
 4 . 1
20
A 
6
5
B 
12
5
C 
24
1
D 
5

5 2
2 Find the quotient 
9
 3 . 2
5
F 
6
4
G 
5
10
H 
27
1
J 
3

1 5
3 Which statement is equivalent to 
5
 7 ? 3
1 5
A 
5
 
7
1 7
B 
5
 5
5
C 5  7
7
D 5  5

4 Which statement describes how to multiply two fractions? 4


F Find the least common denominator and then multiply numerators.
G Multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second fraction.
H Divide numerators and divide denominators.
J Multiply numerators and multiply denominators.

3 1
5 Find the quotient 
8
 8 . 5
3 3
A  B 
64 16
C 3 D 24
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
26 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 2.3
Solve addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division problems, including
NS 2.3
those arising in concrete situations, that use positive and negative integers
and combinations of these operations.

Examples 1 The lowest point in Death Valley has an elevation of 282 feet. Towne Pass,
on one of the highways out of Death Valley, has an elevation of 4,956 feet.
What is the difference in elevation between Death Valley and Towne Pass?
A 5,238 ft
B 4,674 ft
C 4,392 ft
D 4,110 ft

To find a difference, you subtract. The subtraction expression is


4,956  (282). Subtraction is the same as adding the opposite. The
opposite of 282 is 282, so 4,956  (282) is the same as 4,956  282.
Therefore, the difference is 4,956  282, or 5,238 ft. A

2 Three friends are driving from Los Angeles to San Francisco. The distance
between the two cities is 384 miles. If the friends want to split the driving
equally, how far would each of them drive?
F 64 mi
G 96 mi
H 128 mi
J 192 mi

The three friends want to divide the driving task into equal parts. So to find
out how far each friend will drive, divide the total distance, 384 miles, by 3.
Since 384  3  128, each friend will drive 128 miles. H

3 Today is Mrs. Alguno’s birthday. She told her students that she is exactly three
times their age. If the students are all 13 years old, how old is Mrs. Alguno?
A 36
B 39
C 42
D 45

Multiply the students’ age, 13, by 3. So, 13  3  39. Mrs. Alguno is 39 years
old today. B

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


27 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 2.3
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 In 1997, about 1.2 million people lived in San Diego. If Los Angeles had 1
about 3 times as many people as San Diego, about how many people
lived in Los Angeles in 1997?
A 3.6 million
B 3 million
C 0.4 million
D 0.3 million

2 The highest point in the Continental United States is Mt. Whitney, 2


California, at 14,494 feet. The highest point in the entire United States
is Mt. McKinley in Alaska, at 20,320 feet. How much higher is
Mt. McKinley than Mt. Whitney?
F 34,814 ft
G 6,037 ft
H 5,826 ft
J 5,286 ft

3 The record high temperature for California is 134°F. The record low 3
temperature is 45°F. What is the difference between the record high and
record low temperatures in California?
A 89°F
B 91°F
C 109°F
D 179°F

4 The average width of the state of California is about 250 miles. The 4
average length of the state is about 750 miles. This makes California
about how many times longer than it is wide?
F 5 times
G 4 times
H 3 times
J 2 times
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
28 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 2.4
Determine the least common multiple and greatest common divisor of whole
NS 2.4
numbers; use them to solve problems with fractions. (e.g., find a common
denominator to add two fractions or to find the reduced form for a fraction).

Examples 1 What is the sum of 23 and 14 ?


1
A 
2
7
B 
12
3
C 
4
11
D 
12
Find the least common denominator, which is the least common multiple of
3 and 4. The LCD is 12. Rewrite each fraction using the LCD and add the
rewritten fractions.
2 1 8 3

3
 
4
 
12
 
12
11
 
12
D
8
2 Write the fraction  in its simplest form.
20
4
F 
10
2
G 
5
16
H 
40
1
J 
3
To simplify a fraction, find the greatest common factor (GCF) of the numerator
and denominator. Then divide both the numerator and denominator by the GCF.
8 84

20
 
20  4
The GCF of 8 and 20 is 4.
2
  G
5
23 5
3 Find the difference 
24
 6 .
1 1
A  B 
12 8
1 19
C  D 
4 24
23 5 23 20 5

24
 
6
 
24
 
24
Rewrite 
6
using 24 as the denominator.
3
 
24
Subtract.
1
 
8
Simplify. B

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


29 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Number Sense 2.4
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.
18
1 Write  in its simplest form. 1
32
3
A 
4
9
B 
16
1
C 
2
1
D 
4

3 7
2 What is the least common denominator of  and ? 2
8 10
F 20
G 40
H 60
J 80

3 1
3 Find 
7
 4 . 3
5
A 
28
5
B 
7
19
C 
28
6
D 
7

2 9
4 Find 
3
 .
27
4
6
F 
27
13
G 
18
7
H 
9
J 1

11 7
5 Find 
15
 .
12
5
3 17
A  B 
20 24
25 29
C  D 
32 30

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


30 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 1.1
AF 1.1 Write and solve one-step linear equations in one variable.

Examples 1 Chandra is going to launch her model rockets this weekend in the local park.
She has three model rockets and she wants to launch each one of them five
times. Each launch requires one rocket motor. Which is an equation that can be
used to find m, the number of rocket motors Chandra needs for her launches?
A m35
B 3m  5
C 5m  3
3
D m 
5
When you use verbal phrases to write algebraic equations, words or phrases
often suggest the operation of the equation. The variable of the equation is m,
the number of rocket motors needed. The key to this equation is that she is
going to launch three rockets, five times each. The word times suggests
multiplication. So the correct equation is m  3  5. A

3
2 Which value of d makes the equation 4 d  9 true?
F 15
G 12
H 10
J 8
To find the value of d that makes the equation true, solve for d. Multiply both
4
sides of the equation by 3 to isolate d.
3 4 4
d
4
 
3
9 
3
4
d9 
3
or 12 G

3 Gina bought a six-pack of bottled water for $3. Write and solve an equation
for b, the price of an individual bottle of water.
A b  $2.00
B b  $1.50
C b  $1.00
D b  $0.50
Since there are 6 bottles of water in a six-pack, 6 times the cost of one bottle,
b, is $3. Written as an equation, this sentence is 6b  $3. Now solve for b.
6b  $3
$3
b 
6
or $0.50 D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


31 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 1.1
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Which value of c makes the equation 14c  84 true? 1


A 5
B 6
C 7
D 8

2 Julio is in charge of buying miniature California flags for his fellow band 2
members to place in their hats for the Tournament of Roses parade. If he
buys 1 flag for each of the 120 band members and spends $150, which is
an equation that could be used to find f, the cost of one flag?
F 120f  150
G 150f  120
H 120  f  150
J 150  f  120

3 Sung wants to buy a pair of $90 in-line skates that are marked down by 3
20%. Which is an equation that can be used to find the number d such
that 20% of $90 is d?
90
A d
20
d 20
B 
100 90
d 20
C 
90 100
D 90d  20

4 Yolanda and Jessica are hiking in Sequoia National Park. If they hike for 4
1
9 hours and take breaks every 1 2 hours, how many breaks will they take?
F 9
G 8
H 6
J 4
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
32 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 1.2
Write and evaluate an algebraic expression for a given situation, using up to
AF 1.2
three variables.

Examples 1 At a baseball game, Erika and her friends bought four T-shirts and six caps.
The T-shirts cost t dollars and the caps cost c dollars. Which expression
describes this situation?
A 24tc
B 6c  4t
C 4t  6c
D 4t  6c
Look for key words in this problem to help translate it into an expression.
T-shirts cost t and caps cost c. They bought four T-shirts, which is represented
by 4t. They bought six caps, which is represented by 6c. The and means add.
So, 4t and 6c is represented by 4t  6c. D

2 Chris is buying five ride tickets and two food tickets at a carnival. The
expression 5r  2f can be used to find his total cost if r is the cost of one
ride ticket and f is the cost of one food ticket. What is the total of Chris’s
purchase if one ride ticket costs $3 and one food ticket costs $2?
F $19
G $18
H $16
J $12
Evaluate an algebraic expression by replacing the variables with numbers and
then finding the value of the numerical expression. In this case, the value of
r is 3 and the value of f is 2. So, replace r with 3 and f with 2 in the
expression 5r  2f.
5(3)  2(2)  15  4
 19 F

3 What is the value of a4  b2  c if a  2, b  6, and c  9?


A 11
B 35
C 43
D 52
Replace the variables with the given values. Then evaluate the numerical
expression.
24  62  9  16  36  9
 43 C
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
33 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 1.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Rafiq bought seven paperback books and two hardback books from an 1
online used bookstore. If p represents the cost of a paperback book,
h represents the cost of a hardback book, and the shipping charge is $10,
which expression describes the total cost?
A hp  10
B h  p  10
C h  p  10
D 2h  7p  10

2 The Rios family is flying to Sacramento to visit relatives. The expression 2


3a  4c can be used to find the total cost of their trip if a is the cost of
an adult’s airfare and c is the cost of a child’s airfare. What is the total
cost of the trip if adult airfare is $109 and child airfare is $94?
F $703
G $376
H $327
J $203

8
3 What is the value of 4x  2y  
z
if x  3, y  7, and z  8? 3
A 27
B 3
C 1
D 2

4 What is the value of 2q3  7r2  s0 if q  3, r  4, and s  5? 4


F 165
G 190
H 273
J 454
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
34 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 1.3
Apply algebraic order of operations and the commutative, associative, and
AF 1.3
distributive properties to evaluate expressions, and justify each step in the
process.

Examples 1 What is the value of 3(2  52)  5(23  3)?


A 14
B 14
C 55
D 124

Following the order of operations solves this problem. Do all operations


within the grouping symbols first, then powers, then multiply and divide
from left to right, then add and subtract from left to right.
3(2  52)  5(23  3)  3(2  25)  5(8  3) 52  25; 23  8
 3(23)  5(11) 2  25  23; 8  3  11
 69  55 3(23)  69; 5(11)  55
 14 B

2 Which expression is equivalent to 3ab  (2c  d)?


F (d  3ab)  2c
G 3(ab  2c  d)
H (3ab  2c)  d
J (3ab  2c)  d

Solve this problem by using both the commutative and associative properties.
The commutative property says that a  b  c  c  b  a. The associative
property says that (a  b)  c  a  (b  c). The only expression that is
equivalent using these properties is answer choice F.

3 The expression 3y(x  8) is equivalent to which of the following?


A 3y  x  8
B 3x  24
C 3y  24
D 3xy  24y

This problem is an example of the distributive property, which states that


a(b  c)  ab  ac. Multiply both terms within the parentheses by 3y to get
the answer, 3xy  24y. D
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
35 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 1.3
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Which expression do you obtain if you use the commutative property of 1


addition with the expression 12x2  8y2  5z?
A x2y2z(12  8  5)
B 12  8  5(x2y2z)
C (12x2  8y2)  5z
D 5z  8y2  12x2

2 Using the commutative property of multiplication, the expression 4b(2a  2


c) is equivalent to which of the following expressions?
F 8ab  4bc
G (8ab)  c
H (2a  c)4b
J 4b(c  2a)

3 Which expression is equivalent to (9)(2g  4)? 3


A 2g  9  4
B 18g  36
C 18g  36
D 7g  5

4 What is the value of 3(7  23)  13  2(42  10)? 4


F 52
G 44
H 37
J 25

5 Evaluate b(a  3)  2b  5 if a  6 and b  8. 5


A 61
B 40
C 36
D 17
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
36 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 1.4
Solve problems manually by using correct order of operations or by using a
AF 1.4
scientific calculator.

Examples 1 In the expression 34(2  53), which should be found first?


A 34
B 2  52
C 53
D 34  2
Following the order of operations, do operations within grouping symbols
first. Since 2  53 is inside the grouping symbols, do 53 first because powers
are done before all other operations. C

2 What is the value of 12  (40  4)  6?


F 8
G 18
H 36
J 48
According to the order of operations, do operations within grouping symbols
first, then multiplication or division from left to right, followed by addition and
subtraction from left to right. With a scientific calculator that has parentheses
keys, enter the expression exactly as it is written (including the parentheses) to
get the correct value.
12  (40  4)  6  12  (36)  6
 12  6
 18 G

3 Find the value of 25  [(7)(3)  62  2].


A 35
B 29
C 24
D 7
According to the order of operations, the expression is evaluated in the
following steps. With a scientific calculator that has parentheses keys, enter
the expression exactly as it is written (including the parentheses) to get the
correct value.
25  [(7)(3)  62  2]
 32  [(7)(3)  36  2] Evaluate powers first.
 32  [21  18] Multiply and divide from left to right.
 32  (3) Complete the operations inside of the
grouping symbols.
 32  (3)  35 Add and subtract from left to right. A
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
37 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 1.4
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 To find the value of 73  2  [(5)(21)  42], which operation will you 1


use last?
A addition
B subtraction
C multiplication
D division

2 What is the value of (4  8)  (12  (7))? 2


F 31
G 7
H 7
J 12

3 Find the value of 6(3  8)  3  9. 3


A 31
B 27
C 14
D 5.5

4 What is the value of the expression (5  23)  17  24? 4


F 23
G 20
H 17
J 12

5 Find the value of 43  [(2)(11  15)]  (72  24)(2). 5


A 178
B 94
C 58
D 9
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
38 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 2.1
Convert one unit of measure to another (e.g. from feet to miles, from
AF 2.1
centimeters to inches).

Examples 1 Dale is the manager of the track team. For each track meet, he fills a 16-
quart cooler with water. How many gallons of water does the cooler hold?
A 64 gal
B 16 gal
C 4 gal
D 0.5 gal

When converting from a smaller unit to a larger unit within the same system,
divide. Since there are 4 quarts in 1 gallon, divide the number of quarts in the
cooler by 4. Since 16  4  4, the cooler holds 4 gallons. C

2 The marine animals at Sea World in San Diego eat an average of 4,500
pounds of food per day. How many ounces of food do the animals eat?
F 281 oz
G 36,000 oz
H 72,000 oz
J 144,000 oz

When converting from a larger unit to a smaller unit within the same system,
multiply. Since there are 16 ounces in 1 pound, multiply the number of
pounds of food by 16.
4,500  16  72,000
The marine animals at Sea World eat 72,000 ounces of food per day. H

3 The main span of the Golden Gate Bridge is 4,200 feet long. About how
many meters long is this span? 1 ft  0.305 m
A 13,771 m
B 4,505 m
C 3,895 m
D 1,281 m

To convert between standard units and metric units, use a conversion factor.
In this case, use the conversion factor 1 ft  0.305 m.
4,200  0.305  1,281 m
The main span of the Golden Gate Bridge is 1,281 meters long. D
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
39 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 2.1
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 By 2003, 10% of the vehicles sold in California must run on electric 1


motors. If an electric car can travel 125 miles before it must be recharged,
how many feet can it travel before being recharged?
A 5,155 ft
B 5,405 ft
C 125,000 ft
D 660,000 ft

2 Bridalveil Fall in Yosemite National Park is approximately 620 feet high. 2


About how many yards high is Bridalveil Fall?
F 1,947 yd
G 1,860 yd
H 310 yd
J 207 yd

3 Barbara has a Spanish test in 72 hours. How many days from now is 3
Barbara’s Spanish test?
A 3 days
B 4 days
C 5 days
D 6 days

4 The distance from Monterey to San Luis Obispo is about 140 miles. How 4
many kilometers is this? 1 mi  1.6 km
F 88 km
G 224 km
H 280 km
J 326 km

5 Ming bought 5 gallons of ice cream that she wants to serve one cup at a 5
time. How many servings does she have?
A 60 servings
B 80 servings
C 100 servings
D 120 servings
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
40 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 2.2
Demonstrate an understanding that rate is a measure of one quantity per
AF 2.2
unit value of another quantity.

Examples 1 The speed limit on some interstate highways in California is 70 miles per hour,
70 miles
which can be written as the fraction  . This quantity is an example of
1 hour
which of the following?
A rate
B time
C proportion
D distance
70 miles
Notice that the ratio  1 hour
has a denominator of one unit. In this case, the
unit is 1 hour. A ratio that compares a measure of one quantity to a unit value
of another quantity is a rate. A

2 Raul bought 4 pounds of grapes for $6. What was the cost per pound?
F $1.00
G $1.50
H $2.00
J $2.50

Write a ratio with $6 as the numerator and 4 pounds as the denominator.


Then find an equivalent ratio with a denominator of 1 pound.
$6 $6  4 $1.50

4 pounds
 
44
 
1 pound
Raul’s grapes cost $1.50 per pound. G

3 On her keyboarding test, Rochelle typed 175 words in 5 minutes. What is the
average number of words per minute that Rochelle can type?
A 5
B 30
C 35
D 50

Use the information given to write a ratio with 175 in the numerator and 5 in
the denominator. Then find an equivalent ratio with a denominator of 1 minute.
175 words 175  5 35 words

5 min
 
55
 
1 min
Rochelle averages a rate of 35 words per minute. C
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
41 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 2.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 For the pep squad fund-raiser, Jack sold 154 candy bars in 7 days. What 1
is the average number of candy bars he sold per day?
A 22
B 18
C 12
D 7

2 Rosa and her two friends paid a total of $123 for admission to 2
Disneyland. What was the cost per person?
F $62
G $41
H $27
J $19

3 Serge is helping his grandmother make pastries for a family reunion. The 3
recipe calls for 4 cups of flour and makes 48 pastries. How many pastries
does he get for each cup of flour used?
A 4
B 6
C 12
D 18

4 Alberto bought a 10-day fishing license for $10.25 and caught 5 rainbow 4
trout. What was the cost of the license per fish?
F $51.25
G $20.50
H $10.25
J $2.05

5 Delta bought a quart of orange juice for $1.60. What is the price of the 5
orange juice per ounce?
A $0.80
B $0.50
C $0.16
D $0.05
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
42 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 2.3
AF 2.3 Solve problems involving rates, average speed, distance, and time.

Examples 1 Nadja flew with her family from Austin, Texas, to San Jose, California. The
1
trip was about 1,470 miles and took about 3 2 hours. What was the average
speed of the plane?
A 490 mi/h
B 420 mi/h
C 355 mi/h
D 276 mi/h
Divide the number of miles Nadja traveled by the number of hours the trip
took to find the average speed.
1
1470  3 2  420
The average speed of the plane was 420 mi/h. B

2 Elbert rides his bike to school every morning. He travels at an average speed
of 12 mi/h and the trip takes him 15 minutes. How far does Elbert live from
his school?
F 48 mi
G 24 mi
H 8 mi
J 3 mi
To find the number of miles Elbert rides his bike, multiply his rate by the
amount of time he travels. Since his rate is in miles per hour, convert the time
he travels from minutes to hours before multiplying.
rt  d
 12 mi 1
 
1h 4 h  d mi 15 min =
1

4
h
3 mi  d
Elbert rides his bike 3 miles to school. J

3 On a recent trip to the Sierra Nevada Mountains, Dolores rode a bus that
traveled 60 mi/h for 150 miles. How long did the trip take?
1 1
A 4 2 h B 3 4 h
1 3
C 2 2 h D 1 4 h
Since the formula is rt  d, you can divide the number of miles traveled by
the rate to find the time of the trip.
1
150  60  2 2
1
The trip took 2 
2
hours. C

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


43 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 2.3
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Dmitri is writing a 15-page research paper for his English class at a rate 1
1
of 1 4 pages per hour. How long will it take him to finish the paper?
A 30 h
B 18 h
C 15 h
D 12 h

2 On a recent trip to Mt. Shasta, Blanche’s father drove an average of 68 miles 2


3
per hour for 4 of an hour before they stopped to eat. How far did they
travel before they stopped?
F 51 mi
G 60 mi
H 91 mi
J 136 mi

3 Conception rode the train from San Jose to Sacramento. The trip is 3
3
150 miles and took 3 4 hours. What was the average speed of the train?
A 55 mi/h
B 40 mi/h
C 35 mi/h
D 25 mi/h

4 The first plane to fly faster than the speed of sound was flown in California 4
by Chuck Yeager in 1947. The plane flew at a speed of about 662 miles
per hour. If Mr. Yeager flew at that speed for 15 minutes, how far would
he travel?
F 9,330 mi
G 6,620 mi
H 165.5 mi
J 99 mi
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
44 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 3.1
Use variables in expressions describing geometric quantities (e.g.,
AF 3.1 1
P  2w  2, A  2 bh, C  d—the formulas for the perimeter of a
rectangle, the area of a triangle, and the circumference of a circle,
respectively).

Examples 1 Which expression shows the perimeter of the rectangle


a
shown at the right?
A 2ab b
B ab
C 2a  2b
D ab
The formula for the perimeter of a rectangle is P  2w  2, where w is the
width and  is the length. In the given rectangle, the width is a and the length
is b, so the perimeter is 2a  2b. C

2 The equation for the area of the triangle at the right is


1 7 9
30  2 bh. Which quantity is represented by b in the 5.3

equation? 12
F 5.3
G 7
H 9
J 12
1
The formula for the area (A) of a triangle is A  2 bh, where b is the base
and h is the height. In the given triangle, the base is 12, so 12 is represented
by b in the equation. J

3 Margarita is racing her go-cart around a circular track that has a diameter of
50 yards. What is the length of the track? (Use 3.14 for .)
A 157 yd
B 150 yd
C 94 yd
D 75 yd
The length of the track is the same as the circumference of the track. The
formula for the circumference C of a circle is C  d, where d is the
diameter of the circle. The problem states to use the approximation 3.14 for
, so don’t use the key on a calculator for . If no approximation for is
given, then use the key on a calculator.
C  d
C  (3.14)(50) Substitute 3.14 for and 50 for d.
C  157
The track is 157 yards long. A
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
45 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 3.1
best answer. Then write the letter for the answer you have
chosen in the blank at the right of each question.

1 What is the perimeter of the rectangle shown at


the right? 7 1
A 7s s
B 7s
C 2(7s)
D 14  2s

2 A compact disc has a diameter of 12 cm. What is its circumference?


(Use 3.14 for .) 2
F 376.8 cm
G 48.43 cm
H 37.68 cm
J 36 cm

3 The area of the triangle at the right is represented by which of


the following expressions? 3
w y
1 z
A  wy
2
1 x
B  xz
2
C 2xz
D 2yx

4 If the circumference of the circle at the right is 45 cm, which


equation could be used to find s? 4
45 s
F s 
3.14
G s  45  3.14
3.14
H s 
45
J s  45

5 Find the perimeter of the rectangle at the right.


A 8c 5
B 10c 4c
C 2c  4c
D 4c  c
c

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


46 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 3.2
AF 3.2 Express in symbolic form simple relationships arising from geometry.

Examples 1 The formula A  w, where  is length and w is width is used to find the
area of a rectangle. If you know the area and width, how can you find the
length?
A divide the area by the width
B divide the area by the length
C multiply the area by the width
D multiply the area by the length
Since area and width are known, solve the equation A  w for , the
unknown length.
A  w
A

w

So, to find the length, divide the area by the width. A

2 If the formula for the area of a parallelogram is A  bh, where b is the length
of the base and h is the height, which of the following expressions represents
the area of a parallelogram where the length of the base is 5 times the height?
F 2(5h)
G 5h  h
H 5h2
J 5bh
Using the formula for the area of a parallelogram, A  bh, substitute the
given values for the length of the base and height.
A  bh
A  (5h)(h)
A  5h2 H

3 The diameter of a circle, d, is equal to twice the radius, r. Which equation


represents this situation?
r
A d 
2
B d  2r
C d2r
D dr2
The problem states that the diameter of a circle is twice the radius. Twice
is the same as 2 times, so the radius must be multiplied by 2. Therefore,
d  2r. B
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
47 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Algebra and Functions 3.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Daniel knows that the area of his bedroom is 156 square feet. He wants to 1
know the length and the width. He measured the width, 12 feet, with a
tape measure. Why does he not need to measure to find the length?
A He can multiply the area and the width to find the length.
B He can subtract the width from the area to find the length.
C He can divide the area by the width to find the length.
D He can add the area and the width to find the length.

2 If the base of a triangle is half of its height, which equation is true? 2


F b  2h
G h  2b
1
H h  2 b
1
J b 
2
h

3 Cora lives in a house that is in the shape of a hexagon. What is the 3


perimeter of her house if all sides have length s?
A 5s
B 6s
C 7s
D 8s

4 Two rectangles A and B are similar. If rectangle A has a width of w and a 4


length of  and rectangle B has a width of 5w, what is the length of
rectangle B?
F 5
G 5w
1
H w
5
J 5w
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
48 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Measurement and Geometry 1.1
MG 1.1 Understand the concept of a constant number such as ; know the
formulas for the circumference and area of a circle.

Examples 1 Which of the following expressions best represents for a circle of


circumference C and diameter d?
A 3.14
22
B 
7
C
C 
d
D 3.14159
The Greek letter is used to represent the irrational number that is the
quotient of the circumference of a circle divided by the diameter. It is the
same for every circle. The other answer choices are all common
approximations of . C

2 What is the circumference of a circle that has a radius of 4 cm?


F 4 cm
G 8 cm
H 16 cm
J 24 cm
The formula for the circumference of a circle is C  d, where d is the
diameter, or C  2 r, where r is the radius. Substitute 4 for r in the second
version of the formula and solve for C.
C  2 r
C  2 (4) or 8 G

3 What is the area of a circle that has a diameter of 12 inches?


A 24 in2
B 36 in2
C 48 in2
D 144 in2
The formula for the area A of a circle is A  r2 where r is the radius. The
1
radius of a circle is 2 the diameter. In this case the radius is 6 because

12 (12)  6. So, substitute 6 for r in the formula and solve for A.
A  r2
A  (6)2 or 36 B
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
49 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Measurement and Geometry 1.1
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Which of the following expressions represents the circumference of a 1


circle with a diameter of 17 meters?
A 289 m
B 34 m
C 17 m
D 53.38 m

2 A circular swimming pool has an area of 144 square feet. What is its 2
diameter?
F 72 ft
G 24 ft
H 12 ft
J 6 ft

3 Sheila wears a silver ring that has a diameter of 19 millimeters. If she cut 3
the ring and flattened it out until it was straight, how long would the
silver strip be?
A 19  mm
B 19 mm
C 38 mm
D 361 mm

4 Russ has a circular throw rug with a radius of 2 meters. How much floor 4
space does his rug cover?
F 4 m2
G 2 m2
H m2
1
J  m2
4

5 Mercedes has a camping tent with a round floor that has an area of 5
9 square feet. What is the radius of the floor of her tent?
A 18 ft
B 9 ft
C 4.5 ft
D 3 ft
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
50 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Measurement and Geometry 1.2
Know common estimates of  3.14;  7 
22
and use these values to estimate
MG 1.2
and calculate the circumference and the area of circles; compare with
actual measurements.

Examples 1 Enrique likes to play disc golf. He has a disc that has a diameter of 28 cm.
What is the circumference of his disc?
A 56 cm
B 84 cm
C 88 cm
D 96 cm
22
Both 3.14 and 
7
are approximations for that can be used to find the
22
circumference of a circle. In this case,  works best because you can
7
simplify it before you multiply.
C  d
22 28
C 
7
 
1
22
C  88 Simplify. Use   
7
and d  28.
The circumference of his disc is 88 cm. C
2 A basketball goal is a circle with a diameter of 18 inches. What is the area of
a basketball goal?
F 28.26 in2
G 56.52 in2
H 254.34 in2
J 1,017.36 in2
Solve the formula for the area of the circle. Use 3.14 as an approximation for
because the answer choices are given as decimal values.
A  r 2
A  (3.14)(9)2
A  (3.14)(81) or 254.34 Use  3.14 and r  9.
A basketball goal has an area of 254.34 in2. H
3 Cheryl drives a pickup truck. The tires on her truck are 31 inches in diameter.
How far will her truck move if the tires turn around one complete time?
A 97.34 in. B 48.67 in.
C 31 in. D 15.5 in.
Find the circumference.
C  d
C  (3.14)(31) Use  3.14 and d  31.
C  97.34
The truck moves 97.34 inches. A
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
51 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Measurement and Geometry 1.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 A bowling ball has a diameter of 8.6 inches. How far does a bowling ball 1
roll each time it rotates?
A 54 in.
B 27 in.
C 17.2 in.
D 8.6 in.

2 What is the area of the circle shown at the right? 2


F 414 mm2 42 mm
G 441 mm2
H 1385 mm2
J 5,538 mm2

3 Joaquin is wrapping a gift that is in a cylindrical box. The box has a 3


radius of 8 inches. How many inches of ribbon will he need to wrap
completely around the cylinder?
A 50.24 in.
B 100.48 in.
C 200.96 in.
D 803.84 in.

4 Jessica’s little sister has an inflatable pool that has a play area of 4
28.26 square feet. What is the diameter of the pool?
F 2 ft
G 3 ft
H 6 ft
J 9 ft

5 Mark marked the wheel of his bicycle and then measured the distance 5
that the bicycle traveled as the wheel turned around exactly one time. The
distance was about 81.5 inches. Which of the following is the best
approximation for the diameter of the wheel?
A 20 in.
B 21 in.
C 25 in.
D 26 in.
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
52 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Measurement and Geometry 1.3
Know and use the formulas for the volume of triangular prisms and cylinders
MG 1.3
(area of base  height); compare these formulas and explain the similarity
between them and the formula for the volume of a rectangular solid.

Examples 1 A cereal box has a base that is a rectangle measuring 10 inches by 2 inches,
with a height of 12 inches. What is the volume of this box?
A 20 in3
B 24 in3
C 120 in3
D 240 in3
This box is a rectangular prism because its base is a rectangle. The volume V
of a rectangular prism is V  wh, where  is the length of the base, w is the
width of the base, and h is the height.
V  wh
V  (10)(2)(12) or 240
The box has a volume of 240 in3. D

2 Find the volume of the triangular prism shown at


the right. The height of the prism is 5 centimeters.
The base of the prism is a triangle that has a 20 cm
15 cm
base length of 15 centimeters and a height of
20 centimeters.
5 cm
F 1,500 cm3
G 750 cm3
H 300 cm3
J 150 cm3
The volume of a triangular prism V is V  Bh, where B is the area of the
base of the prism, and h is the height. Since the base of a triangular prism is a
1
triangle, you already know how to find its area (A  2 bh). Area of base
1 1
B  2 bh, or 2 (15)(20), which equals 150. V  Bh, or (150)(5), which
equals 750. The volume of the triangular pyramid is 750 cm3. G

3 A cylindrical oatmeal container has a circular base with a radius of


6 centimeters and is 20 centimeters high. What is the volume of the
container? (Use 3.14 for .)
A 2,260.8 cm3 B 376.8 cm3
C 113.04 cm3 D 18.84 cm3
The volume of a cylinder, like a prism, is equal to the area of the base times
the height, or V  r 2h. V  (3.14)(6)2(20) or 2,260.8. So, the volume of the
container is 2,260.8 cm3. A
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
53 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Measurement and Geometry 1.3
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 A cylindrical mailing tube has a circular base with a diameter of 10 1


centimeters and is 50 centimeters high. What is the volume of the tube?
(Use 3.14 for .)
A 785 cm3
B 1,570 cm3
C 3,925 cm3
D 15,700 cm3

2 Alyssa’s grandfather is a farmer in the San Joaquin Valley. He has a 2


cylindrical grain silo that is 80 feet tall, and has a base diameter of
16 feet. What is the volume of the silo?
F 2,009.6 ft3
G 4,019.2 ft3
H 16,076.8 ft3
J 64,307.2 ft3

3 An architect wants to build a building 3


on this oddly shaped lot in the middle
of a Y-intersection. If the building is
75 ft
50 feet tall, what would be its volume? 120 ft
A 450,000 ft3
B 225,000 ft3
C 9,000 ft3
D 4,500 ft3

4 A rectangular prism with volume V has a base with area A. A triangular 4


prism with the same height as the rectangular prism has a base with area
A
. What is the volume of the triangular prism?
2
F V2
G V3
H A3
V
J 
2

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


54 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Measurement and Geometry 2.1
Identify angles as vertical, adjacent, complementary, or supplementary and
MG 2.1
provide descriptions of these terms.

Examples Use the figure shown at the right to answer t


Questions 1–2. 18

2 7
1 Which of the following pairs of angles are adjacent 36 m
angles? 45

A 5 and 6
B 2 and 4
C 1 and 5
D 4 and 6

Adjacent angles have the same vertex and have a common side, but have no
interior points in common. Of the pairs of angles listed, only 5 and 6 are
adjacent angles. A

2 Which pair of angles are vertical angles?


F 2 and 7
G 3 and 6
H 2 and 8
J 3 and 4

Vertical angles are non-adjacent angles formed by intersecting lines. Two


intersecting lines form two pairs of vertical angles. In the figure above, 2
and 8 are vertical angles, as well as 1 and 7, 3 and 5, and 4 and
6. The measures of vertical angles are equal. H

3 If two angles are supplementary, what is the sum of their measures?


A 90°
B 180°
C 270°
D 360°

The sum of the measures of supplementary angles is 180°. In the figure


above, 1 and 8 are supplementary. B

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


55 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Measurement and Geometry 2.1
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

Use the figure shown at the right to answer


2
Questions 1–2. 1
4
3

1 What is the measure of 4 if m1  x°? 1


A x°
B 90°  x°
C 180°  x°
D 180°  x°

2 What is the measure of 3 if m1  x°? 2


F x°
G 90°  x°
H 180°  x°
J 180°  x°

3 Two angles, A and B, are adjacent angles. Which of the following is 3
always true of these angles?
A If A has a measure of 50°, then B has a measure of 130°.
B If A has a measure of 50°, then B has a measure of 40°.
C A and B share a common side.
D A and B have equal measures.

4 If X has a measure of 47° and Y has a measure of 53° which of the 4


following statements is true?
F The angles are supplementary.
G The angles are complementary.
H The angles are vertical.
J The angles are neither supplementary, complementary, nor vertical.

5 Two angles each measure 45°. Which of the following is never true? 5
A The angles are complementary.
B The angles are adjacent.
C The angles are vertical angles.
D The angles are supplementary.
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
56 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Measurement and Geometry 2.2
Use the properties of complementary and supplementary angles and the sum
MG 2.2
of the angles of a triangle to solve problems involving an unknown angle.

Examples 1 If C and D are complementary, and C has a measure of 23°, what is the
measure of D?
A 237°
B 157°
C 113°
D 67°
Complementary angles have measures whose sum is 90°, so you know that
mC  mD  90°. Since mC is 23°, substitute and solve for mD.
23°  mD  90°
mD  90°  23° or 67° D

2 If G and H are supplementary, and G has a measure of 87°, what is the


measure of H?
F 3°
G 93°
H 103°
J 267°
Supplementary angles have measures whose sum is 180°, so you know that
mG  mH  180°. Since mG is 87°, substitute and solve for mH.
87°  mH  180°
mH  180°  87° or 93° G

3 In the triangle shown at the right, the measure of Y is 25°. Y


What is the measure of X?
A 65°
B 90° X Z
C 115°
D 155°
The sum of the measures of the angles of a triangle is 180°. This is a right
triangle as indicated by the square marking on Z. The measure of Y is
given also. Subtract the two known angle measures from 180° to find the
measure of X.
mX  180  90°  25°
mX  65° A
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
57 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Measurement and Geometry 2.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 In the figure shown at the right, the measure of 2 is 1


75°. What is the measure of 1?
1 2
A 15°
B 105°
C 165°
D 255°

2 Two angles, A and B are complementary. The measure of B is twice 2


the measure of A. What is the measure of A?
F 30°
G 45°
H 60°
J 75°

3 In EFG, E and F have the same measure. Which of the following 3


cannot be true?
A mG  60°
B mG  90°
C mE  mF  mG  180°
D mE
90°

4 In the figure shown at the right, S and T are S 4


supplementary. What is the measure of T? 58
F 238° R
G 148° T
H 122°
J 32° Q

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


58 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Measurement and Geometry 2.3
Draw quadrilaterals and triangles from given information about them
MG 2.3
(e.g., a quadrilateral having equal sides but no right angles, a right isosceles
triangle).

Examples 1 The Transamerica Pyramid in San Francisco is a 48-story building. Each


outside face of the building is a triangle with two sides of equal length. What
is true about these triangles?
A They are equilateral triangles.
B They are obtuse triangles.
C They are isosceles triangles.
D They are right triangles.
An isosceles triangle has at least two congruent sides. C

2 Which of the following terms does not match the figure


shown at the right?
F Square
G Parallelogram
H Quadrilateral
J Trapezoid
The figure shown is a square, which has four congruent angles and four
congruent sides. It is a parallelogram because its opposite sides are parallel
and congruent. It is a quadrilateral because it has four sides. It is not a
trapezoid because it has more than one pair of opposite sides that are
parallel. J

3 Which of the following is an equilateral triangle?


A

An equilateral triangle has three congruent sides. A


© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
59 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Measurement and Geometry 2.3
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 What is the best description of the triangle shown at 1


the right?
A Isosceles
B Scalene
C Right
D Equilateral

2 Which of the following descriptions does not describe 2


the figure shown at the right?
F Trapezoid
G Quadrilateral
H Parallelogram
J Rhombus

3 Which of the following is an isosceles right triangle? 3


A

4 What is the best description of the figure shown at 4


the right?
F Triangle
G Acute triangle
H Equilateral triangle
J Isosceles triangle
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
60 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.1
SDAP 1.1 Compute the range, mean, median, and mode of data sets.

Examples Use the following table of predicted high temperatures for Big Sur
for the week of June 19th to answer Questions 1–3.
Day Mon. Tue. Wed. Thu. Fri.
Temperature 77° 80° 81° 79° 73°

1 What is the range of predicted high temperatures for Big Sur for the week?
A 8°
B 5°
C 4°
D 2°
The range of a set of data is the difference between the greatest number and
least number in the set. In this case, the highest predicted temperature is 81°
and the lowest is 73°. Since 81  73  8, the range is 8°. A

2 Find the mean and median of the predicted high temperatures.


F mean  79°, median  78°
G mean  78°, median  81°
H mean  78°, median  79°
J mean  74°, median  81°
The mean is the same as the average of the temperatures.
77°  80°  81°  79°  73°
mean  
5
 78°
The median is the middle number in a set of data when the data are arranged
in numerical order: 73°, 77°, 79°, 80°, 81°.
The median is 79°. H

3 Find the mode of the predicted high temperatures.


A 81°
B 77°
C 73°
D no mode
The mode of a set of data is the number that appears most often. In this case,
all of the numbers appear only once. Therefore, there is no mode for this set
of data. D
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
61 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.1
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

Every Saturday, Rachael rides the BART subway from her home
in San Francisco to her grandmother’s house in Berkeley. The
following table shows the amount of time the trip took each
week for five weeks. The time includes walking time to and from
the stations. Use this information to answer Questions 1–4.
Week 1 2 3 4 5
Time (min) 51 49 53 43 49

1 What is the range of times for Rachael’s trips? 1


A 10 min
B 8 min
C 6 min
D 5 min

2 What is the mean amount of time for Rachael’s trips? 2


F 50 min
G 49 min
H 48 min
J 46 min

3 What is the median amount of time in the data set? 3


A 53 min
B 51 min
C 49 min
D 43 min

4 Which of the following is the mode for the data set? 4


F 53 min
G 51 min
H 50 min
J 49 min
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
62 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.2
Understand how additional data added to data sets may affect the
SDAP 1.2
computations of measures of central tendency.

Examples 1 Darnell has the following scores on his math tests for the grading period: 78,
80, 86, and 94. If he scores 83 on his next test, which of the following values
will change?
A Mean
B Median
C Mode
D Range

The median of his current tests is 83, so adding a score of 83 will not change
the median. There is no mode, nor would there be after adding the new test
score, so the mode does not change. Since the 83 is neither the high nor the
low score, the range does not change. The mean is the only value that will
change after the new test score is added. A

2 After her last exam, Melinda’s median exam score changed from an 89 to a
91. She was happy because she needed at least a 90 average to get an A in
the class. Why might Melinda still not have an A?
F Average is the same as mode, not median.
G Average is the same as range, not median.
H Average is the same as mean, not median.
J Average is a value that is different from mean, median, and mode.

If Melinda needs a 90 average to have an A, then her mean score needs to


be 90. Even though her median score is 91, her mean could still be lower
than 90. H

3 Joshua collects model cars. The mean value of the cars in his collection is
$35 and the median price is $50. Which of the following will not affect the
mean price of his cars?
A Adding a car that costs $10
B Adding a car that costs $35
C Adding a car that costs $50
D Adding a car that costs $100

Adding a car that costs the same as the mean price will not affect the
mean. B
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
63 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 A taxi driver in Los Angeles has had 5 fares this morning. He drove his 1
5 customers 12, 30, 14, 22, and 17 miles each. If he picks up another
fare and drives the customer 19 miles, which of the following values will
change?
A Mean
B Median
C Mode
D Range

2 Because she lives on the beach in La Jolla, Mrs. Alvarez always has 2
grandchildren visiting her during summer. If she makes a set of data of
the numbers of grandchildren that she has visiting each week, the data set
has a small range. But for July 4th, the number of grandchildren visiting
her will greatly change the range of her data. What can you say about the
number of grandchildren visiting her during the 4th?
F The number is probably about the same as the other weeks.
G There is not enough information to say how the data will be affected.
H The number is probably much greater than the other weeks.
J Mrs. Alvarez will not have enough room for all of the grandchildren.

3 The table gives the heights Building Height (ft) 3


of 5 buildings in San 345 California Building 615
Francisco. If the height of 101 California Street 600
the Transamerica Pyramid, California Center 600
which is 853 feet tall, were Pacific Gas and Electric Bldg. 598
added to the table, which Embarcadero Center, No. 4 570
value would change the
most?
A Mean
B Median
C Mode
D Range
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
64 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.3
Understand how the inclusion or exclusion of outliers affects measures of
SDAP 1.3
central tendency.

Examples Use the data in the following table to answer Questions 1–3.
Box Office Earnings for Five Top Movies
Movie Rank Earnings (Rounded to the nearest million dollars)
1 431
2 282
3 239
4 205
5 171

1 Which of the measures would be most representative of the data?


A Mean
B Median
C Mode
D Range
Because Movie 1 earned so much more than the others, it is called an outlier.
Outliers can also be much less than the other members of a set of data.
Outliers affect mean and range the most. In this case, the median, 239, is
most representative of the data. B

2 Which would be most affected if the number 1 movie were removed from
the table?
F Mean
G Median
H Mode
J Minimum
Movie 1 is an outlier, and outliers affect the mean and range the most. Since
range is not an answer choice, then it would affect the mean the most. F

3 If the number 6 movie earned about $163 million and was included in the
table, would it be an outlier?
A Yes, because it is $8 million less than the number 5 movie.
B Yes, because it is less than the median of the data set.
C No, because it is equivalent to the median of the data set.
D No, because it is only $8 million less than the number 5 movie.
Movie 1 is an outlier, and it earned $149 million more than Movie 2. The
number 6 movie only earned $8 million less than Movie 5, so it would not be
considered an outlier. D
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
65 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.3
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

Use the data in the following table to answer Questions 1–3.


Populations of the Top Four
California Cities in 2000
City Population
Los Angeles 3,694,820
San Diego 1,223,400
San Jose 894,943
San Francisco 776,733

1 In the data set above, which of the following best describes the 1
population of Los Angeles?
A Median
B Range
C Mode
D Outlier

2 Based on the data above, which best represents the population of the four 2
largest cities in California?
F Mean population
G Median population
H Population range
J Population mode

3 Which statement is true about the mean of the data? 3


A Because of Los Angeles, it does not represent the data well.
B It is not affected by the Los Angeles data.
C The mean is less affected by Los Angeles than the median or mode.
D The mean is 1,040,945.

4 The population of the 5th largest city in California, Long Beach, was 4
461,522 in 2000. If Long Beach were added to the table, which would it
affect the most?
F Mean
G Median
H Mode
J Range
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
66 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.4
Know why a specific measure of central tendency (mean, median, mode)
SDAP 1.4
provides the most useful information in a given context.

Examples 1 Rochelle surveyed every student in the 6th grade to find out his or her
favorite meal in the school cafeteria. Which measure would she use to find
the most popular meal from this data?
A Mean
B Median
C Mode
D Range
Since the data collected were not numerical, Rochelle cannot find the mean,
median, or range. She can, however, find the mode, which is the most
popular meal. C

2 Students who scored in the top half of their class are exempt from Mr.
White’s math final exam. However, Mr. White did not release a list of names
of students who are exempt. He only released the mean, median, mode, and
range of scores of his class. Along with their own scores, which of the
following should the students use to find out if they scored in the top half?
F Mean
G Median
H Mode
J Range
Students should compare their own scores to the median, since the median is
the middle number when a set of data is arranged in numerical order. G

3 Alicia’s family is thinking about moving to Palm Springs, but they are
concerned about the summer heat. To find out more, they decided to look up
climate data for Palm Springs. All they could find were daily high
temperatures. Which of the following additional pieces of information would
help them most?
A The daily mean temperatures for August
B The daily median temperatures for August
C The modes for the daily temperatures in August
D The daily range of temperatures in August
Since they already know the daily high temperatures for August, the daily
range of temperatures would be the most helpful. Knowing the high
temperature and the range, they can figure out how cool it gets in the
morning, as well as how hot it is in the afternoon. D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


67 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 1.4
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Mrs. Kim told her math class that anyone who scored below the class 1
average on her exam would have to take the exam again. Which of the
following do students need to know to find out whether they have to take
the exam again?
A The mean exam score
B The median exam score
C The exam score mode
D The range of exam scores

2 Alberto wanted to know if more people in his community drive cars, 2


trucks, or SUVs, so he recorded the number and type of vehicles that
drove through a busy intersection during rush hour. Which of the
following measures will tell him which type of vehicle is most popular?
F Mean
G Median
H Mode
J Range

3 For a class photo, the taller half of the students were asked to stand in the 3
back row, and the shorter half were asked to sit in the front row. Which of
the following measures will help students decide where to stand for the
photo?
A Mean
B Median
C Mode
D Range

4 Alberto got a summer job with his brother’s landscape company. He was 4
told that he would mow an average of 8 lawns per day. If Alberto wants to
know what are the fewest and the most lawns he might have to mow,
which of the following will help?
F Mean
G Median
H Mode
J Range
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
68 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.1
Compare different samples from a population with the data from the entire
SDAP 2.1
population and identify when it makes sense to use a sample.

Examples 1 Recently, about 11% of the population of California lived in the city of Los
Angeles. If this percent has remained about the same, about how many of
300 randomly selected Californians would you expect to live in Los Angeles?
A 11
B 22
C 33
D 44

Use a proportion and solve for the unknown value.


11 n

100
 
300
100n  3,300 Cross multiply.
n  33 Divide each side by 100.
Out of 300 randomly surveyed Californians, 33 would live in Los Angeles. C

2 Out of 60 students who were surveyed, 9 said that skateboarding was their
favorite sport. If the 450 students in the whole school were surveyed, about
how many would be likely to say that skateboarding is their favorite sport?
F 45
G 60
H 68
J 397

Use a proportion and solve for the unknown value. 68 students would say
skateboarding was their favorite sport. H

3 To find out what kinds of hobbies students in her school have, Juliette asked
the 8 students in her drama club. Which of the following best describes
Juliette’s sample choice?
A It is a good sample because it is small.
B It is a poor sample because it contains all girls.
C It is a good sample because it is not random.
D It is a poor sample because it is small and not very random.

Juliette’s sample is poor because it is small and not very random. She needs
to survey more students, and to survey students from more than just the
drama club. D
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
69 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.1
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Rafael needs to find out what kinds of music the DJ should play for the 1
upcoming school dance. Which of the following would make the best
survey?
A His fellow basketball team members.
B The students in his homeroom.
C Every 10th student who enters the cafeteria at lunch.
D The students in the school band.

2 If 120 out of 200 residents of a small town who were surveyed said that 2
they did not want a discount store to be built in their town, about how
many of the town’s 1,900 residents would be likely to have the same
feelings?
F 1,800
G 1,140
H 320
J 200

3 Mrs. Ghish wants to find out where the 6th graders at Yolo Middle 3
School want to go for their class field trip. Which of the following would
make the best sample?
A Every 10th student who walks into the school building in the morning.
B Every 5th student who enters the school cafeteria.
C Ten students chosen at random from the school roster.
D One out of every 5 sixth graders she finds in the hallway between
classes.

4 Recently, roughly 2% of all Californians lived in San Francisco. Suppose 4


this rate has remained constant. If you survey 250 Californians at
random, about how many would live in San Francisco?
F 50
G 25
H 5
J 2.5
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
70 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.2
Identify different ways of selecting a sample (e.g., convenience sampling,
SDAP 2.2
responses to a survey, random sampling) and which makes a sampling more
representative for a population.

Examples 1 Suppose a textbook company sends a letter to the parents of 200 students in
California asking whether the students would like to answer questions to help
them design a new math textbook. Which of the following best describes this
method of selecting a sample.
A Random
B Convenience
C Survey
D Cluster

This is a survey. The parents of 200 students were asked whether their
children could answer questions. Those who say yes will become the sample
for the population. C

2 Suppose that the number of people who visit Yosemite National Park on June 1
is used to estimate the total number of people who will visit the park during
the summer. This would be an example of which of the following methods of
selecting a sample?
F Random
G Convenience
H Survey
J Cluster

Since this survey takes place on only one day, it is designed mostly for
convenience. A more random method of selecting a sample would look at the
number of visitors on more than one day, or on parts of several days. G

3 During the 2000 Census, the Census Bureau sent a longer form, with more
questions, to about 1 out of every 6 households, chosen indiscriminately. The
longer form is an example of what type of sample selection method?
A Random
B Convenience
C Survey
D Cluster

Since the longer form is sent to households indiscriminately, this is an


example of random sampling. A
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
71 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 The school newspaper asked every eighth student in the hallway how 1
much homework they had on an average night. Which of the following
best describes this method of selecting a sample?
A Random
B Convenience
C Survey
D Cluster

2 A cable television network sends letters to 1,000 Californians asking 2


them if they would like to take part in focus groups to help the network
decide what kinds of new shows to air. This is an example of which of the
following methods of selecting a sample?
F Random
G Convenience
H Survey
J Cluster

3 Suppose Caltrans wants to know how many miles most Californians drive 3
per week. To find out, they decide to ask everyone who comes into the
DMV on the first day of each month. Which method are they using to
select their sample?
A Random
B Convenience
C Survey
D Cluster

4 Mr. Jefferson, the school principal, wants to find out how many students 4
plan on attending the basketball tournament this weekend by taking a
random sample. Which should he do?
F Ask the students who come into the office.
G Ask the students who play basketball.
H Go to four classrooms and ask the students in them.
J Ask every 10th student who enters the school in the morning.
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
72 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.3
Analyze data displays and explain why the way in which the question was
SDAP 2.3
asked might have influenced the results obtained and why the way in which
the results were displayed might have influenced the conclusions reached.

Examples 1 Which of the following survey questions would not influence the response
given?
A Which television programs do you like to watch in the evening?
B Do you prefer to read books or magazines in the evening?
C Do you like to spend time with your family or by yourself in the
evenings?
D What do you do when you are at home in the evening?
Question D is the only one that does not influence the response given
because it does not suggest a specific activity. Question A suggests watching
television, Question B suggests reading, and Question C suggests spending
time with family or alone. D

The graphs at the right show sales for Graph A


Gino’s Italian Restaurant for one year. Use 35
the graphs to answer Questions 2 and 3. Sales
($1,000s) 33
2 Which is a correct statement about the graphs?
31
F The range of sales is greater for Graph A
Jan. Apr. Jul. Oct.
than for Graph B.
G Graph A gives the impression that sales Graph B
40
dropped only slightly. 35
30
H Graph A and Graph B show the exact Sales 25
same sales data. ($1,000s) 20
15
10
J Graph B gives the impression that sales 5
0
dropped greatly. Jan. Apr. Jul. Oct.

Look closely at the two graphs and you will see


that the only difference between them is the vertical
scale. Both graphs show the exact same sales data. H

3 Why would Graph A be considered misleading?


A The range on the vertical scale is much smaller than that of Graph B.
B The months should be along the vertical axis.
C The points are not connected in a straight line.
D The points are too close together.
Because the range on the vertical axis of Graph A is much smaller than that
of Graph B, it makes the drop in sales look much more drastic. However,
both graphs show the same data. A
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
73 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.3
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

The graphs show the number of pounds 1,000


Graph A
of paper that students at Chavez Middle 800
School recycled in eight weeks. Use the 600
Pounds
graphs to answer Questions 1 and 2. 400
200
1 Which statement best describes the graphs 0 1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
above? Week
A Graph A could be considered misleading. Graph B
B Both of the graphs have the same scale. 900
800
C Graph B makes the increase in paper 700
recycling look less impressive. Pounds 600
500
D Both graphs show the same recycling data. 400
300
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Week

2 Why could Graph B be considered misleading? 2


F The vertical scale does not begin at zero.
G The horizontal scale does not begin at zero.
H It shows incorrect data.
J It includes data that was not shown in Graph A.

3 Which of the following questions would likely influence the response 3


given?
A What activities do you enjoy during summer vacation?
B Do you prefer indoor or outdoor activities during the summer?
C Describe your usual summer vacation activities.
D What activities do you associate with summer vacation?

4 Which of the following questions would most likely not influence the 4
response given?
F Which do you enjoy more, math or English?
G What is your favorite school subject?
H Most students prefer science to foreign language; which do you
prefer?
J If you had to choose between taking journalism or art, which would
you pick?
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
74 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.4
Identify data that represent sampling errors and explain why the sample
SDAP 2.4
(and the display) may be biased.

Examples 1 Lucinda asked her parents what their favorite soft drink was. Both of them
said that iced tea was their favorite soft drink. From this, Lucinda concluded
that the most popular kind of soft drink for adults is iced tea. Why is her
conclusion not correct?
A Lucinda only gave her parents two types of soft drinks to choose from.
B We do not know how old Lucinda’s parents are.
C Lucinda did not use a large enough sample.
D Lucinda should have asked two adults who were not family members.

The population that Lucinda is asking about is all adults. She only asked two
adults about their favorite soft drink. For a population this large, 2 is not a
large enough sample. C

2 Fidel lives in Fresno. He wants to find out which professional sports team is
the favorite of people in Fresno. Which would be the best way for Fidel to
select a sample of people to find out which team they like?
F Ask 100 people at a junior high football game.
G Ask 100 of his fellow sixth graders as they enter the school building.
H Stand on a busy street corner in Fresno and ask 100 people of all ages.
J Pass out a questionnaire at school and ask people to mail it back.

If he asks people at a football game, they may be biased toward football, and
Fidel’s question does not specify a sport. If he asks students in his school, he
is limiting his sample to one age group, and the population is made up of
many age groups. The best way for Fidel to select a sample would be to stand
on a busy street corner in Fresno and ask 100 people of all ages. H

3 Brook asked students in his school the survey question, “Cats and dogs are
the most popular pets; what is your favorite pet?” Why is this survey biased?
A She only asked students.
B She mentioned cats before dogs.
C She asked a specific question.
D She suggested answers.

Brook is asking students about their favorite pets, but she implied that the
answer should be cats or dogs. Some students may have favorite pets that are
not cats or dogs. D
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
75 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.4
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 A newspaper wants to find out what is the favorite holiday of 1


Californians. Which would be the best way to select a sample for this
survey?
A Survey 100 people of all ages on a street corner in Los Angeles.
B Survey 1,000 middle school students in all parts of California.
C Ask people who read the paper to e-mail their responses.
D Survey 1,000 people of all ages from all parts of the state.

2 Rodrigo asked people who were stopped in their cars at a busy 2


intersection in Los Angeles during rush hour what was their usual way of
traveling to work. Why is his survey biased?
F He limited the choices.
G He asked only people who were driving cars.
H He asked only people who were riding public transportation.
J He asked only people at intersections.

3 Delta asked students in her middle school what their favorite type of 3
television show was. Almost all of them said that the situation comedy
was their favorite. From this, Delta concluded that the most popular
shows on television must be situation comedies. What is wrong with her
conclusion?
A Delta did not use a large enough sample.
B The question she asked was biased.
C She asked too many people.
D Delta asked too many different age groups.

4 Gilbert asked 100 people at a California beach whether surfing or 4


sunbathing was their favorite beach activity. Why is this survey biased?
F Gilbert only asked people at the beach.
G He should have asked people of different age groups.
H One hundred people is too large a sample for the question.
J Gilbert limited the question.
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
76 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.5
Identify claims based on statistical data and, in simple cases, evaluate the
SDAP 2.5
validity of the claims.

Examples 1 An airline that flies out of Oakland and not San Francisco claims that in a
survey of 500 people, 95% prefer to fly out of Oakland rather than San
Francisco. Which information about the survey would be most likely to make
people think the airline’s claim is misleading?
A The survey only included people who were flying on business.
B The survey was of people who were passengers on the airline.
C The survey was taken only during one month of the year.
D Only 25% of the people surveyed lived in the Bay Area.

These passengers could not have flown out of San Francisco because the
airline does not fly out of that airport. Therefore, the passengers are most
likely going to say that they prefer to fly out of Oakland because they like the
airline, not because they like one airport or the other. B

2 Monique asked all the students in her middle school’s science classes to
name their favorite type of novel. The results showed that most preferred
science fiction. Based on this, Monique recommended to the school librarian
that the library should buy more science fiction books. Why is her
conclusion invalid?
F She did not count the number of people she surveyed.
G Her sample is not large enough.
H The sample is not random.
J She should have included students in the math classes as well.

Monique only asked students in the science classes. A better survey would
have asked students at random in all classes, not just science classes.
Therefore, her sample is not random. H

3 A maker of aspirin claims that 2 out of 3 doctors surveyed prefer their brand
of aspirin to other pain relievers. Why might this data be misleading?
A The sample is too large.
B The sample should contain people other than doctors.
C The sample contains different kinds of pain relievers.
D The number of doctors in the sample is not known.

The number of doctors in the sample is not known. Therefore, the survey
could have a sample that is too small, which makes the claim possibly
misleading. D
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
77 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 2.5
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 An insurance company claims that 80% of Californians have earthquake 1


insurance. Which information about the survey would be most likely to
make people think the company’s claim is misleading?
A The survey only included 100 people in two California counties.
B The survey included both homeowners and renters.
C The survey included both city and rural residents.
D The survey took place in a year when there were no major
earthquakes.

2 A researcher believes that higher speed limits on California highways 2


cause more accidents. Which of the following factors should she not
consider when she gathers data?
F Accidents on highways where the speed limit has been increased.
G Accidents on highways where the speed limit has not changed.
H The number of cars traveling on highways with and without increased
speed limits.
J Whether the accidents happen during the day or night.

3 Jerome surveyed 50 students in the morning before school. He asked 3


whether the school day should start later in the day. From his survey, he
concluded that school should not start later in the day. Why is his
conclusion invalid?
A The question was not clear.
B The question was limited.
C He only surveyed students who arrive at school early.
D His survey did not include enough students.

4 Allison’s family is moving to Los Angeles. They read that Los Angeles 4
only receives about 12 inches of rain per year. From this information,
they concluded that the climate of Los Angeles must be like that of a
desert. What is wrong with their conclusion?
F They only looked at the average temperature.
G They only looked at rainfall data for one month.
H They should look at the amount of rainfall over several years.
J They did not consider other climate factors such as temperature.
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
78 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.1
Represent all possible outcomes for compound events in an organized way
SDAP 3.1
(e.g. tables, grids, tree diagrams) and express the theoretical probability of
each outcome.

Examples 1 The tree diagram shows the possibilities for choosing A B C


between three types of cola (A, B, or C) in two different
S L S L S L
sizes (small or large) at the concession stand of the city
middle school track meet. How many different cola
choices are there?
A 2
B 3
C 6
D 9
Notice in the tree diagram that each of the three types of cola can be served
in either a small size or a large size, for a total of 6 choices. C

This diagram shows the possible 1, 1 1, 2 1, 3 1, 4 1, 5 1, 6


outcomes from rolling two 2, 1 2, 2 2, 3 2, 4 2, 5 2, 6
six-sided number cubes. Use
3, 1 3, 2 3, 3 3, 4 3, 5 3, 6
this information to answer
4, 1 4, 2 4, 3 4, 4 4, 5 4, 6
Questions 2 and 3 below.
5, 1 5, 2 5, 3 5, 4 5, 5 5, 6
2 How many ways are there to roll at 6, 1 6, 2 6, 3 6, 4 6, 5 6, 6
least one “2”?
F 1
G 2
H 6
J 11
Look at the diagram for outcomes that have at least one “2.” There are
11 outcomes where at least one of the number cubes showed a “2.” J

3 What is the theoretical probability of rolling at least one “2” when two
number cubes are rolled?
11 5
A  B 
36 18
1 1
C  D 
6 36
Theoretical probability is the ratio of favorable outcomes to the total possible
outcomes. In this case, favorable outcomes are those in which a 2 is rolled.
There are 11 favorable outcomes and 36 total outcomes. The theoretical
11
probability is 
36
. A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


79 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.1
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

Use this tree diagram to answer Jeans


Sneakers
Questions 1 and 2. Loafers
T-shirt
Sneakers
Shorts
1 The tree diagram shows the different Loafers 1
Sneakers
combinations of shirt, pants, and shoes Jeans
Loafers
Polo Shirt
that Ashok can wear. How many Shorts
Sneakers
Loafers
combinations does he have? Sneakers
Jeans
A 2 Button-down
Loafers
Sneakers
B 3 Shorts
Loafers
C 4
D 12

2 What is the theoretical probability that Ashok will choose to wear loafers, 2
no matter which pants or shirt he wears?
1
F 
12
1
G 
6
1
H 
3
1
J 
2

3 Yolanda has a penny, nickel, dime, and quarter in her pocket. What is the 3
theoretical probability that she will pull out a coin, flip it, and get heads?
1
A 
2
1
B 
4
1
C 
8
1
D 
16

4 What is the theoretical probability that Yolanda will pull out all four 4
coins, flip them all, and get heads on all four?
1 1
F  G 
2 4
1 1
H  J 
8 16

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


80 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.2
Use data to estimate the probability of future events (e.g., batting averages
SDAP 3.2
or number of accidents per mile driven).

Examples 1 A football player threw 20 passes during his last game, 7 of which were
complete. If he keeps completing passes at the same rate, how many passes
will he complete if he throws 100 passes?
A 5
B 7
C 35
D 100
Use a proportion to solve this problem.
7 n

20
 
100
20n  700 Cross multiply.
n  35 Divide each side by 20.
In 100 passes, he will complete 35. C

2 Of the last 100 visitors who entered Joshua Tree National Park, 85 were just
visiting for the day while 15 were going to camp overnight in the park. Out
of the next 20 visitors who enter the park, how many will likely be there to
camp overnight?
F 15
G 7
H 3
J 1
Based on the given information, the probability of a visitor camping in the
15 3
park overnight is 100
, or 
20
. Therefore, of the next 20 visitors who enter the
park, 3 will likely camp overnight. H

3 Angelina is fly-fishing in the Sierra Nevada. She hiked to 15 different


locations on a stream and caught 3 trout. What is the probability that she will
catch a trout at the next location she fishes?
2
A 
3
1
B 
2
1
C 
3
1
D 
5
From the information given, the probability of Angelina catching a trout at
3 1
any given location is 
15
, which simplifies to 5 . D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


81 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 If a basketball player for the UCLA Bruins takes 60 free throws and 1
makes 27, how many free throws will she make in 160 attempts?
A 81
B 72
C 54
D 9

2 Leona has made an A on 15 of the 18 math tests that she has taken this 2
year. What is the probability that she will make an A on her next test,
which is the final exam?
5
F 
6
7
G 
9
3
H 
4
1
J 
2

3 Elton went to the beach 9 out of the past 12 Saturdays. In the next 8 3
Saturdays, how many times will Elton likely go to the beach?
A 2 times
B 4 times
C 6 times
D 8 times

4 Mr. Brandies estimated that he spends 1 out of every 4 minutes of his 4


drive to work stuck in traffic jams. If it takes Mr. Brandies 50 minutes to
get to work, about how much time does he spend in traffic jams?
F about 30 min
G about 20 min
H about 18 min
J about 13 min
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
82 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.3
Represent probabilities as ratios, proportions, decimals between 0 and 1, and
SDAP 3.3
percentages between 0 and 100, and verify that the probabilities computed
are reasonable; know that if P is the probability of an event, 1  P is the
probability of an event not occurring.

Examples 1 Speedy Airlines claims that 7 out of 8 of its flights out of LAX are on time.
What is the probability that the next Speedy Airlines flight from LAX will be
on time?
A 90%
B 87.5%
C 50%
D 12.5%
7
The probability of a flight being on time can be represented by the ratio 
8
which is 87.5% when written as a percent. B

2 A Stanford University baseball player has a batting average of 0.225. If his


average stays constant, how many hits can he expect to get in his next 200 at
bat?
F 12.5
G 22.5
H 25
J 45

Multiply his average by the number of at-bats to find the number of hits he will
get. In his next 200 at-bats, the player can expect 200  0.225 or 45 hits. J

3 Approximately 11% of the population of California lives in the city of Los


Angeles. If you meet 100 Californians at random, how many on average will
not be from Los Angeles?
A 11
B 22
C 66
D 89

If the probability of an event occurring is P, then the probability of the event


not occurring is 1  P. So, the probability of meeting a Californian who is
not from Los Angeles is 1  11%, or 89%. Then, out of 100 people, 89% is
89 people. So, out of 100 Californians, 89 would not be from Los Angeles. D
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
83 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.3
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Suppose you roll two number cubes. What is the probability that the sum 1
of the numbers on the two cubes will be 7?
1
A 33 3 %
2
B 16 3 %
8
C 13 9 %
1
D 11 9 %

2 A softball player has a batting average of 0.362. What is the probability 2


that she will not make a hit at her next at-bat?
F 0.638
G 0.623
H 0.362
J 0.263

3 If a meteorologist says that a given area has a 20% chance of rain, what is 3
the probability that it will not rain?
1
A 
5
2
B 
5
3
C 
5
4
D 
5

4 A ski resort at Lake Tahoe is completely full 5 out of 7 nights a week 4


during ski season. What is the probability that a skier will get a room
during ski season if she shows up without a reservation?
F 71.4%
G 57.1%
H 32.8%
J 28.6%

5 What is the probability of an event that always occurs? 5


A 0.100 B 100
C 1 D 0.01
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
84 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.4
Understand that the probability of either of two disjoint events occurring is
SDAP 3.4
the sum of the two individual probabilities and that the probability of one
event following another, in independent trials, is the product of the two
probabilities.

Examples 1 Danielle has a bag that contains 25 marbles. Seven of the marbles are green
and three are blue. What is the probability that Danielle would reach into the
bag and randomly choose either a green or blue marble?
3
A 
25
7
B 
25
2
C 
5
4
D 
5
Since there are seven green marbles, the probability of picking a green marble
7
is 
25
. Since there are three blue marbles, the probability of picking a blue
3
marble is . However, if Danielle can pick either a green or blue marble, she
25
has 7  3 or 10 choices out of 25. Therefore, the probability of picking
7 3 10 2
either a green or blue marble is 
25
25
, which is 
25
or 5 . C

2 Robert and his sister are playing a board game. According to the rules of the
game, any player who rolls a double (the same number on both number
cubes) gets to repeat their turn. What is the probability of rolling a double?
1
F 
3
1
G 
6
1
H 
18
1
J 
36
There are 6 numbers on the cubes, so there are 6 ways a player can roll a
double. G

3 What is the probability of tossing heads on a coin and a 4 on a number cube?


1 1
A  B 
2 6
1 1
C  D 
12 36
Both events are independent. Multiply the probability of each event to get the
1 1 1
probability of both events occurring. Therefore, 
2
 
6
 .
12
C

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


85 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.4
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Coach Brown’s PE class has 5 sixth graders, 30 seventh graders and 1


3 eighth graders. If she picks a student at random to run an errand, what
is the probability that the student will be either a sixth or eighth grader?
1
A 
10
1
B 
6
4
C 
19
2
D 
3

2 A cookie jar has 36 cookies in it. If 12 of the cookies are chocolate chip, 2
and 6 are sugar cookies, what is the probability of reaching into the jar
and pulling out either a chocolate chip or sugar cookie?
1
F 
6
1
G 
4
1
H 
3
1
J 
2

3 Darren is watching cars at two intersections in downtown Los Angeles. 3


At each intersection, equal numbers of cars go straight, turn left, or turn
right. What is the probability that a particular car will go straight through
both intersections?
1 1
A  B 
9 6
1 1
C  D 
3 2

4 Alejandra is going to fly from the Los Angeles area to the San Francisco 4
Bay area. There are 4 airports she could leave from in the Los Angeles
area, and 3 that she could fly to in the Bay area. What is the probability
that she will fly out of Burbank in the LA area and arrive at Oakland in
the Bay area?
1 1
F  G 
12 7
2 3
H  J 
3 4

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


86 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.5
SDAP 3.5 Understand the difference between independent and dependent events.

Examples You are in a pool of 5 contestants for a Hollywood game show. For
each round of the game, a contestant is picked from the pool to
play. Once a contestant plays a round, that contestant is removed
from the pool. Use this situation to answer Questions 1–3.
1 Suppose that after each round, a new contestant is brought from the audience
to keep 5 contestants in the contestant pool. What is the probability that you
will be picked to play in each round?
1
A 
5
1
B 
4
1
C 
3
1
D 
2
Because the contestant who is picked to play in each round is replaced, the
first round does not affect the probability in the following rounds. These are
1
independent events. The probability of being picked in each round is  5
. A

2 Suppose that the contestants in the contestant pool are not replaced after each
round. What would your probability be of being picked in the second round
and then in the third round?
1 1 1 1
F ,  G , 
5 5 5 4
1 1 1 1
H ,  J , 
4 3 3 2
These are dependent events because one person was removed from the pool
in the first round. So, there are four contestants left for the second round, and
1 1
the probability of being picked is 4 , and then 3 for the third round. H

3 What is the probability of being picked in the fourth round if the winning
contestants are not replaced after each round?
1 1
A  B 
5 4
1 1
C  D 
3 2
This is a dependent event because the number of contestants in the pool
decreases after each round. In the fourth round only two contestants are left,
1
so your probability is 2 . D

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


87 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Statistics, Data Analysis, and Probability 3.5
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 There are 14 girls and 13 boys in Amelia’s math class. The teacher is 1
picking two girls and two boys to represent the class in a math contest. If
the teacher has already picked one girl, what is the probability that Amelia
will be picked?
1
A 
27
1
B 
26
2
C 
27
1
D 
13

2 Ashok needs to roll a 12 on two number cubes to win a board game. If he 2


rolled a 6 with his first number cube, what is the probability that he will
roll a 6 with the second one, so he will have 12?
1
F 
36
1
G 
18
1
H 
6
1
J 
3

3 Lee has a bag of jellybeans. The bag contains 21 licorice, 14 root beer, 3
and 12 vanilla beans. If she eats 3 licorice beans, what is the probability
that she will reach into the bag and randomly pull out a vanilla bean?
3 12
A  B 
11 47
4 2
C  D 
7 3

4 Paco and Tommy flipped a coin to see who would get to ride first on 4
Paco’s new skateboard. When Paco lost the toss, he suggested that they go
for 2 out of 3 flips. Why is Paco still not likely to ride the skateboard first?
F Each coin flip is a dependent event, which does not change the
probability.
G 2 out of 3 is the same probability as 1 out of 2.
H Each successive coin flip has a higher probability.
J Paco is less likely to win 2 coin tosses than Tommy is to win 1 coin toss.
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
88 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 1.1
Analyze problems by identifying relationships, distinguishing relevant from
MR 1.1
irrelevant information, identifying missing information, sequencing and
prioritizing information, and observing patterns.

Examples 1 Zachary and his family are going on a camping trip to Kings Canyon
National Park. The trip is 150 miles, and they estimate it will take 3 hours for
the drive and 45 minutes for rest stops. How long will the trip take?
A 45 min
B 50 min
C 3h
D 3 h 45 min

The number of miles that Zachary’s family will travel to their destination is
irrelevant information because the problem asks for the time of the trip.
Simply add the driving time to the rest stop time to find the total, 3 hours and
45 minutes. D

2 The afternoon high temperature today in El Centro was 28 degrees warmer


than the morning low temperature. What do you need to know to find today’s
morning low temperature?
F The average high temperature
G The average low temperature
H Today’s afternoon high temperature
J Today’s humidity level

The temperature range was 28 degrees, so the morning low temperature was
28 degrees less than the afternoon high temperature. You need to know the
afternoon high temperature to solve this problem. H

3 Mrs. Moreno picked Julie and Hannah to go to the board to solve the first
quiz problem. She then picked Miguel and Scott to solve the second problem.
Angela and Linda were picked to solve the third problem. Which of the
following describes the pattern Mrs. Moreno is using to pick students?
A girl, girl, boy, boy, girl, girl, …
B girl, boy, girl, boy, …
C boy, boy, girl, girl, boy, boy, …
D girl, boy, girl, girl, boy, boy, …

Mrs. Moreno picked two girls, then two boys, then two girls. A
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
89 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 1.1
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Which number comes next in the pattern? 1


40, 30, 21, 13, 6, 0, …
A 4
B 5
C 6
D 8

2 Rodrigo is paying his mother $75 every month for 6 months for his new 2
bike. He has had the bike for 4 months now. How much did the bike cost?
F $750
G $600
H $450
J $300

3 Nicoleta had 4 math exams during the grading period. She made an 88 on 3
her first and third exams, and a 93 on her fourth exam. She has a 100
average on her homework. What additional information do you need to
know in order to find her average exam grade?
A Her in-class work average.
B The number of weeks in the grading period.
C The number of homework assignments she had.
D Her score on the second exam.

4 Anton and Trudy went to a USC Trojans football game with $25 each. 4
The game lasted about 4 hours and USC won with a score of 17–12.
When they left, Anton and Trudy had a total of $12.75 between them.
How much money did they spend at the game?
F $37.25
G $24.50
H $12.25
J $5.00
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
90 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 1.2
Formulate and justify mathematical conjectures based upon a general
MR 1.2
description of the mathematical question or problem posed.

Examples 1 Mr. Malcolm has 23 students in his 1st period math class. Which of the
following statements about his class is true?
A He can easily divide the class into smaller study groups.
B He will have even rows and columns of students in the desks.
C He will not be able to divide the class into groups containing the same
number of students.
D He can use all the desks in his classroom to make six even rows of desks.

Since 23 is a prime number, it is only divisible by itself and 1. Therefore,


Mr. Malcolm will not be able to divide the class into groups containing the
same number of students. C

2 Suppose you pick any even number between 100 and 500, and then multiply
that number by 5. Which of the following could be the product?
F 1,525
G 1,610
H 1,642
J 1,835

The digit in the ones place of the product must be a zero because any even
number multiplied by 5 is a multiple of 10. For example, 2  5  10,
4  5  20, etc. Therefore, only 1,610 could be the product. G

3 If a and b are whole numbers and a is a factor of b, then which of the


following is not possibly a correct statement?
A ab
B ab
C a
b
D a≠b

A factor is a number that divides into a whole number with a remainder of


zero. Since it must divide into the number, it cannot be greater than the
number, so the answer is a
b. C

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


91 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 1.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 What is the greatest number of even numbers that you can have in a list 1
of 13 consecutive whole numbers?
A 5
B 6
C 7
D 8

2 Mrs. Nguyen holds 20 note cards with 20 consecutive numbers written on 2


them, one number on each card. She tells you to pick a group of
consecutive cards so you are certain that one of the cards has a number
that is divisible by 5. How many cards should you pick?
F 5
G 4
H 3
J 2

3 If the distance between Redding and Chico is a multiple of 2, which of 3


the following distances could be the correct one?
A 77
B 75
C 73
D 72

4 Suppose an odd whole number is subtracted from an even whole number. 4


Which of the following cannot possibly be the difference?
F 524
G 525
H 563
J 571
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
92 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 1.3
MR 1.3 Determine when and how to break a problem into simpler parts.

Examples 1 Paulo wants to buy a snowboard that is marked down $40. If the sales tax is
1
84 %, which is the first step for finding the price he will pay for the snowboard?
1
A Find 8 4 % of $40.
1
B Divide $40 by 8 4 %.
C Subtract $40 from the original price.
1
D Add 8 4 % to the original price.

Paulo must pay sales tax on the final price of the snowboard. Since there is a
$40 discount, he must subtract $40 from the original price to find the final
price. C.

2 For which kind of situation would it be most useful to break a problem into
simpler parts?
F Find the area of a circle of radius 3 feet.
G Find the speed of a car that averages 5 miles in 10 minutes.
H Find the difference in temperature between 23°F and 16°F.
J Find how many handshakes will occur when 8 students each shake hands
with each other.
It is most useful to break a problem into simpler parts when the numbers in the
problem are very large or when the problem is based on a pattern or sequence.
In the situations described in choices F, G, and H, you need to calculate a
specific value. In J, you could start with 2 students, then 3 students, then
4 students to see if there is a pattern. Once you find a pattern with fewer
students, then you can solve the problem with 8 students. J

3 A window washing company has been hired to wash the windows on a glass
building. Each of the four sides of the building is 64 feet high and 100 feet
long. The manager wants to divide the work evenly among 4 crews. How
many square feet of windows will each crew have to wash?
A 25,600 ft2
B 6,400 ft2
C 256 ft2
D 64 ft2
Since the building has 4 sides of the same dimensions, assume that each of
the four crews will wash one side of the building. Therefore, there is no
reason to find the total area of the whole building since you would multiply
one side by 4 and then divide by 4. So, simply find the area of one side of
the building which is 64  100, or 6,400 ft2. B
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
93 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 1.3
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Marzieh’s sixth grade science class went on a field trip to the 1


Exploratorium in San Francisco. The trip cost $3 per student for
admission to the Exploratorium, and $4 for lunch. Which is not a
reasonable first step for finding the total cost of the trip?
A Multiply the number of students by 3.
B Multiply the number of students by 4.
C Subtract $3 from $4.
D Add $3 and $4.

2 Stoney is buying himself a set of golf clubs. The $199 clubs are on sale 2
for 25% off. The sales tax is 8%. Which is the best second step for
finding how much he will pay for the clubs?
F Find 25% of $199.
G Find 8% of $199
H Find 8% of $149.25
J Find 25% of $214.52

3 Jessica wants to find the surface area of a crate. How can she break this 3
problem into simpler parts?
A Find the area of the front, side, and top surfaces. Then multiply the
sum of the three areas by 2.
B Find the volume and divide by 3.
C Find the area of the largest side and multiply by 6.
D Find the area of the base and multiply by the height.

4 In which situation would it be most useful to break a problem into 4


simpler parts?
F Round 42,198 to the nearest hundred.
G Find the product of 492  10.
H Find the area of a square with a side that measures 2 feet.
J Find the number of ways Louise can arrange 5 ornaments on a shelf.
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
94 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.1
MR 2.1 Use estimation to verify the reasonableness of calculated results.

Examples 1 Elijah and his father are driving from their home in Barstow to visit his
grandmother in Las Vegas. The trip is about 152 miles and his father will
average about 62 miles per hour. Which of the following expressions would
provide the most reasonable estimate for the time the trip will take?
A 150  60
B 160  60
C 150  65
D 155  65

To estimate, round both the dividend and the divisor to the nearest ten. So,
152 rounds down to 150 and 62 rounds down to 60. Therefore, 150  60 is
the most reasonable estimate. A

2 Sonya found the product of 24,879 and 0.046 several times using a
calculator. Use an estimate to choose the correct product.
F 114,434
G 11,443.4
H 1,144.34
J 1.14434

Use the compatible numbers 25,000 and 0.04 to get the product of 1,000. The
answer closest in value to the estimate is 1,144.34. H

3 Sergio bought 9.7 gallons of gasoline costing $1.699 per gallon. Use an
estimate to choose the correct total cost.
A $15.41
B $15.99
C $16.48
D $18.04

Round 9.7 to 10 and $1.699 to $1.70. Then multiply 10  $1.70 is $17. The
answer closest in value to the estimate is $16.48. C

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


95 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.1
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 When they are standing in formation on the football field, the Jefferson 1
Middle School band has 8 members on each of 12 yard lines. Which of
the following expressions would be best to use to obtain a reasonable
estimate for the number of students in the band?
A 10  12
B 8  12
C 10  10
D 99

2 Chase found the quotient of 74,879 and 257 several times using a 2
calculator. Use an estimate to choose the correct quotient.
F 29.14
G 291.36
H 2,913.58
J 29,135.79

3 The prices for soft drinks at a convenience store range from $0.59 to 3
$1.29. What is the best estimate for the total cost of four soft drinks from
the store?
A $2.40
B $4.00
C $4.80
D $5.20

4 Lori bought 189.7 shares of stock costing $19.50 per share. Use an 4
estimate to choose the correct total cost.
F $36.99
G $369.92
H $3,699.15
J $36,991.50
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
96 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.2
Apply strategies and results from simpler problems to more complex
MR 2.2
problems.

Examples 1 Find 111,111,1112.


A 12,345,677,654,321
B 12,345,678,987,654,321
C 123,456,789,987,654,321
D 1,234,567,890,987,654,321
Solve simpler problems and look for a pattern. 112  121, 1112  12,321,
and 1,1112  1,234,321. Continuing the pattern, 111,111,1112 is
12,345,678,987,654,321. B

2 Find the sum of all the counting numbers from 1 to 4,000.


F 44,040,000
G 8,002,000
H 4,001,000
J 414,141
Look for a pattern in a simpler problem: 1  2  3 … 8  9  10.
Observe that each pair of numbers in
the sequence adds to 11.
The sum of the sequence from 1 to 10 is 11  5  55.
Since there are 5,000 numbers in the sequence from 1 to 4,000, there are
2,000 pairs of numbers, and each pair has a sum of 4,001.
2,000  4,001  8,002,000 G

3 The four triangles in the parallelogram shown


at the right are all the same size. What is the 5 cm
area of each of these triangles? 16 cm
A 80 cm2
B 40 cm2
C 20 cm2
D 10 cm2
The formula for the area of a parallelogram is A  bh where b is the length
of the base and h is the height. The problem states that triangles in the
parallelogram are all the same size. Because there are four triangles, each one
1
must have 4 the area of the entire parallelogram. So, find the area of the
1 1
parallelogram and then multiply it by 4 . A  5  16  4 , or 20 cm2. C

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


97 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Wynona knows that 310  59,049. What is the best way she can use this 1
information to find 312 if she does not have a calculator?
A Multiply 3 by itself 12 times.
B Multiply 59,049 by 3.
C Multiply 59,049 by 9.
D Find 32 and then add the result to 59,049.

2 If 108  100,000,000 and 109  1,000,000,000, how many zeros would 2


1059 have if it were written in standard form?
F 60
G 59
H 58
J 57

3 Refer to the figure at the right. Suppose the small B


4
C 3
squares numbered 1, 2, 3, and 4 each have sides 3
1 centimeter long. You can use the fact that ABCD
2
has sides 4 centimeters long and that the small
1
squares are 1 centimeter on a side to figure out A D
that each of the shaded regions has an area of
6 square centimeters. Suppose you placed 5 squares, each 2 centimeters
on a side, corner to corner in a similar way. If you draw a large square
that contains the diagonal strip of squares and shade above and below the
string of squares, what is the area of each shaded region?
A 35 cm2
B 40 cm2
C 45 cm2
D 50 cm2
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
98 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.3
Estimate unknown quantities graphically and solve for them by using
MR 2.3
logical reasoning, arithmetic, and algebraic techniques.

Examples Use the graph at the right to answer Questions 1 y

and 2.
1 What is the corresponding y-value for an x-value
of 1.75? O x

A 1
B 2
C 2.5
D 3
Estimate the location of 1.75 on the x-axis. Then look down to find where
the graph intersects with the x-value of 1.75. On this graph, an x-value of
1.75 corresponds with a y-value below 2 but above 3. Answer choice C,
2.5, is the closest value. C

2 Which equation best describes points (x, y) on the graph?


1
F y  2 x  1
G y  2x
H y  2x  1
J y  2x  1
All points on the graph are solutions to its equation. So, pick a point such as
(1, 3) and substitute these values for x and y for the possible equations to find
out which equation is true for the values. The only equation that is true when
the values (1, 3) are substituted for x and y is y  2x  1. J

3 The results from a one-week cookie sale are Cookie Sales


16
shown in the graph at the right. How many
boxes of cookies were sold on Thursday? 12
Number
A 13 of Boxes 8
B 9 Sold
4
C 8
D 5 0
S M T W T F S
Day of the Week

Look on the horizontal axis for Thursday. Since there are two Ts (for Tuesday
and Thursday), look for the one that is between Wednesday and Friday. Then,
look up to see where the graph crosses the grid mark for Thursday. The graph
crosses above 12 but below 14. Answer choice A, 13, most closely matches
the value on the graph. So 13 boxes were sold on Thursday. A
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
99 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.3
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

Use the graph at the right to answer Questions 1 y

and 2.
1 What is the corresponding y-value for an x-value of 2? O x 1
A 3
8
B 
3
C 2
3
D 
2

2 Which equation best describes the points (x, y) that are on the graph? 2
3
F y  
4
x
4
G y  
3
x
4
H y
3
x
3
J y
4
x

The graph shows Average High Temperature


80
the average high 75
temperatures for Temperature 70
65
each month in San (F)
60
Francisco. Use the 55
graph to answer 50
ry ry ch ril ay ne ly st er er er er
ua rua Mar Ap M Ju Ju ugu mb ctob mb mb
Questions 3 and 4. n
Ja Feb A pte O ove ece
Se N D

3 Which months have high temperatures above 70 degrees? 3


A May and June
B June and July
C July and August
D June through October

4 Between which two months does the average high temperature change the 4
most?
F October and November G February and March
H April and May J December and January
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
100 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.4
Use a variety of methods, such as words, numbers, symbols, charts, graphs,
MR 2.4
tables, diagrams, and models, to explain mathematical reasoning.

Examples Use the chart at the right to answer Questions 1 SUVs and Trucks
and 2.
1 The chart at the right tells how many SUVs and trucks
Raquel saw on a recent trip to Napa. If she saw a total of
98 vehicles (cars, trucks, and SUVs), how many were cars?
A 58
B 56
C 42
D 24
Each tic mark indicates one SUV or truck. Count the number of SUVs and
trucks and subtract that number from 98 to find the number of cars that
Raquel saw. 98  42  56. Raquel saw 56 cars. B

2 Suppose Raquel sees 120 vehicles on her way back home from Napa. Which
of the following is the best estimate for the number of those vehicles that will
be cars?
F 68
G 75
H 90
J 105
Since Raquel saw 98 vehicles on her trip to Napa, the number of cars she saw
(56) is a little more than 56% of the total number of vehicles. So, find the
number in the answer choices above that is closest to 56% of 120, or
120  0.56  67.2. F

3 At John Sutter Middle School, 235 of the Track


15%
614 students participate in extracurricular Basketball
sports. The graph shows the percent of the Volleyball 40%
students who participate in the four different 18%

sports. How many students play basketball?


Football
A 35 27%
B 42
C 64
D 94
From the chart, you know that 40% of the students who play sports play
basketball. Simply find 40% of the number of students who play sports, or
235  0.4  94. D
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
101 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.4
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

The graph shows fruit box sales for each Fruit Boxes Sold
50
week of the Chowchilla Union High 40
School FFA club fundraiser. Use this Boxes 30
Sold 20
graph to answer Questions 1 and 2. 10
0
1 In which two weeks do students appear to have 1 2 3 4 1
sold the same number of fruit boxes? Week

A week 1 and week 2


B week 1 and week 3
C week 2 and week 3
D week 2 and week 4

2 From the graph, which would you say is the best estimate for the average 2
number of boxes sold each week?
F 25
G 30
H 35
J 40

Use the graph at the right to answer Top Five Agricultural States
Illinois
Questions 3 and 4. 13%
California
3 In a recent year, the top 5 agricultural Nebraska 34% 3
14%
producing states sold $76.6 billion worth of
agricultural products. Use the graph to Iowa
estimate California’s agricultural sales. 18% Texas
21%
A $26 billion
B $15 billion
C $13 billion
D $9 billion

4 California’s agricultural sales were about how much greater than Texas’s 4
agricultural sales?
F $42 billion
G $26 billion
H $16 billion
J $10 billion
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
102 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.5
Express the solution clearly and logically using the appropriate
MR 2.5
mathematical notation and terms and clear language; support solutions
with evidence in both verbal and symbolic work.

Examples 1 Mai Li has found rock climbing shoes that range in price from $47 to $93.
Which sentence best describes the price p of a pair of shoes that she is
considering buying?
A p  $47
B p  $93
C p
$47
D $47 p $93

Since the shoes that Mai Li has found range in price from $47 to $93, the
price of the shoes she’s considering buying could be anywhere from $47 to
$93. The only sentence that describes this range is $47 p $93. D

2 Which sentence best describes the graph


shown at the right? –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

F x
3
G x3
H 7 x  3
J x 7

The graph starts at 3 and extends to the left end of the number line. Since the
point where the graph begins at 3 is an open circle, you know that the values
graphed are less than but not equal to 3. Since the graph has an arrow on the
left end, you know that the graph continues on to infinity. So, the correct
sentence is x  3. G

3 Which of the given values is greater than 1?


A 9.25  105
B 7.06  102
C 1.58  101
D 1.34  102

The values are all expressed in scientific notation. The exponent of 10 in


each expression tells which way and how many places to move the decimal
point when writing the number in standard form. A negative exponent means
that the decimal point is moved to the left, resulting in a number less than 1.
A positive exponent means move the decimal point at the right, resulting in a
number greater than 1. So, 1.34  102  134, which is greater than 1. D
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
103 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.5
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Jamail is shopping for a fly fishing rod and reel. The lowest priced rod 1
and reel that he has found was $34.99. Which sentence best describes the
price p of the rods and reels Jamail has found?
A p  $34.99
B p
$34.99
C p $34.99
D p $34.99

Use the graph at the right to Monthly Average Temperatures


answer Questions 2 and 3. for Fresno, California
80
2 Which expression represents the 2
March average temperature for 60
Fresno? Temperature
(F) 40
F 5.50  101
G 5.50  101 20

H 6.90  102 0
J F M A M J J A S O N D
J 4.53  101 Month

3 Which expression represents the average temperature t on any given day 3


in Fresno?
A t 82
B t 43
C 43 t 82
D 43 t 82

4 The graph shown is not labeled. 4


Which of the following must be the
sentence that is represented by the graph?
F y
4
G y
5
H y 3
J y 4
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
104 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.6
Indicate the relative advantages of exact and approximate solutions to
MR 2.6
problems and give answers to a specified degree of accuracy.

Examples 1 Which distance would it be most important to know to the nearest meter?
A The width of your desk
B The height of your school building
C The distance from San Diego to Tijuana
D The distance from Los Angeles to Washington, DC

Look for the distance that would be measured in meters. The height of your
school building would most likely be measured in meters, so rounding to the
nearest meter would make the most sense. The other listed distances would
not be measured in meters, so it would not make sense to round them to the
nearest meter. B

2 Every weekday, Julio’s father drives from their home in Redwood City to his
job in San Francisco. The round trip is 53 miles. About how far does he drive
in one five-day workweek?
F 200 mi
G 250 mi
H 300 mi
J 350 mi

It is much easier to find 50  5 than 53  5, so an approximation is


appropriate for the solution to this problem. Julio’s father drives about
250 miles each week. G

3
3 What is the value of  to the nearest thousandth?
16
A 0.187
B 0.1875
C 0.188
D 0.19

To convert a fraction to a decimal, divide the numerator by the denominator.


In this case 3  16  0.1875. Finding the value of 0.1875 to the nearest
thousandth means rounding it to the thousandths place. Seven is the numeral
in the thousandths place. Since the numeral at the right is 5, round the 7 up
to 8. The result is 0.188. C
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
105 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.6
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Cherie is measuring her height with a tape measure that is marked in 1


centimeters. How should she record her height?
A To the nearest millimeter
B To the nearest centimeter
C To the nearest inch
D To the nearest meter

2 Duane rides his bike a distance of 4,237 meters from his house to school 2
every day. About how far is Duane’s house from his school?
F 2 km
G 3 km
H 4 km
J 5 km

3 Ricardo’s mother bought some stock in a computer company that cost 3


11
$28 
16
per share. How much did the stock cost in dollars and cents?
A $28.66
B $28.67
C $28.68
D $28.69

4 In science class, Jewel and her lab partner measured the mass of 4
35 jellybeans with a triple-beam-balance. The pointer on the balance
scale ended up just a little past 40 grams. The scale is marked in whole
grams. What measurement should they record?
F 40 g
G 40.1 g
H 40.25 g
J 40.5 g
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
106 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.7
Make precise calculations and check the validity of the results from the
MR 2.7
context of the problem.

Examples 1 Ms. Aguilera needs to put trim around her classroom bulletin board. The
width of the bulletin board is 85 cm and the height is 130 cm. How much
trim does she need?
A 170 cm
B 215 cm
C 260 cm
D 430 cm
The bulletin board is a rectangle. The perimeter of a rectangle is equal to
twice the width plus twice the length. First estimate by rounding the width
and length to 100 cm, which gives you a perimeter estimate of 400 cm. Then,
find the actual perimeter as 2(85)  2(130)  430. Check to make sure the
answer is reasonable compared to the estimate. D

2 The Sears Tower in Chicago is 1,454 feet high. The First Interstate World
Center Building in Los Angeles is 1,018 feet high. How much taller is the
Sears Tower than the First Interstate World Center Building?
F 2,472 ft
G 454 ft
H 436 ft
J 418 ft
First estimate by rounding the heights to 1,450 and 1,000 feet. This gives a
difference of about 450 feet. Then subtract to find the difference.
1,454  1,018  436. Is this reasonable when compared to the estimate?
Yes. H

3 Darius wants to hang the United States and California flags on his front porch.
2
He has a wooden rod that is 7 5 feet long that he wants to cut in half to hang
each flag on. At what point should he mark the rod so that he can cut it
exactly in half?
1 7
A 3 2 ft B 3
10
ft
1
C 4 ft D 4 5 ft
1
First estimate. Half of 7 feet would be 3 2 feet. Then divide.
2 37 1
7 5  2  
5 2
37 1 37 7

5
    or 3  . This
2 10 10
is reasonable compared to the estimate, so Darius
7
should mark the rod to cut it in half at 3 
10
feet. B

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


107 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 2.7
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 The area of California is 158,869 square miles. Of that area, 155,973 square 1
miles is land and the rest is covered by water. How much of the area in
California is covered by water?
A 5,280 mi2
B 4,842 mi2
C 3,508 mi2
D 2,896 mi2

2 Milk products are California’s top selling agricultural products. In 1997, 2


California produced $3.626 billion in milk products. The second ranking
agricultural product was grapes. In 1997, California produced $2.819 billion
in grapes. How much higher was the value of milk products in 1997?
F 6.445 billion
G 1.253 billion
H 0.807 billion
J 0.512 billion

3 Angela’s little sister has an inflatable swimming pool that is 24 cm high, 3


240 cm long and 120 cm wide. How much water will the pool hold?
A 691,200 cm3
B 28,800 cm3
C 5,760 cm3
D 2,880 cm3

4 Jason needs to cover the floor of his room before he paints the walls. The 4
floor of his room has an area of 140 square feet. He has drop cloths that
each cover 35 square feet. How many of the drop cloths does he need to
cover the floor?
F 1
G 2
H 3
J 4
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
108 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 3.1
Evaluate the reasonableness of the solution in the context of the original
MR 3.1
situation.

Examples 1 Folsom Middle School has 420 students. On any given day, about 6% of the
students are absent. Which is the most reasonable answer for the number of
students who are absent on a given day?
A 21
B 25
C 28
D 32

Round the 6% down to 5% and mentally find 5% of 420 for an easy estimate
of 21 students. However, since 6% of 420 is a little more than 5% of 420,
25 is a more reasonable answer than 21. B

2 Delbert hopes to earn between $800 and $1,000 mowing lawns this summer.
If he makes $20 for each lawn he mows, what is a reasonable number of
lawns he must mow during the summer to reach his goal?
F 40 or fewer
G 40
H between 40 and 50
J 50 or more

At $20 per lawn, Delbert would need to mow 40 lawns to make $800, and
50 lawns to make $1,000, so he will need to mow between 40 and 50 lawns. H

3 Sandra has to go to the dentist for a checkup every 4 months. What is the
most reasonable estimate for the number of times she’ll have to go to the
dentist in a 3-year period?
A 6
B 9
C 12
D 18

Since there are 12 months in a year, then Sandra goes to the dentist 3 times a
year. In a 3-year period, Sandra would likely go to the dentist 9 times. B

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


109 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 3.1
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Samuel is helping his mother fertilize their lawn. The lawn has an area of 1
11,000 square feet and each bag of fertilizer covers about 2,000 square
feet. How many bags will they need in order to cover the entire lawn?
A 3
B 4
C 5
D 6

2 Jacque is flying a kite. She has tied three 48-foot rolls of string together 2
to fly the kite. If she has let out all of the string, what is a reasonable
estimate for the height of the kite?
F 120 ft
G 150 ft
H 175 ft
J 200 ft

3 Michael is having a clambake on the beach at Big Sur and he has invited 3
9 of his friends. He estimates that each person will eat 12 clams, but he is
not sure whether everyone will show up. What is the most reasonable
estimate for the number of clams that will be eaten at Michael’s
clambake?
A 120
B 115
C 100
D 25

4 Delia has a job handing out surveys at a shopping mall. Usually between 4
5% and 7% of the surveys she hands out are completed and returned to
her. If she hands out 144 surveys one evening, how many can she expect
to be returned?
F 7 or fewer
G between 7 and 12
H exactly 12
J more than 12
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
110 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 3.2
Note method of deriving the solution and demonstrate conceptual
MR 3.2
understanding of the derivation by solving similar problems.

Examples 1 To solve the equation 4x  3  25, first add 3 to each side and then divide
each side by 4. How can you solve the equation 40  6y  8?
A Add 40 to both sides and then divide by 6.
B Add 6 to both sides and then divide by 8.
C Add 8 to both sides and then divide by 40.
D Add 8 to both sides and then divide by 6.

To solve a two-step equation, “undo” the operations in reverse order. So,


undo the subtraction by adding 8 to both sides of the equation. Then undo the
multiplication by dividing both sides by 6. D

2 To convert kilometers to meters, multiply the number of kilometers by 1,000.


How would you convert meters to kilometers?
F Multiply the number of meters by 1,000
G Divide the number of meters by 1,000
H Subtract 1,000 from the number of meters
J Add 1,000 to the number of meters

Since you multiply by 1,000 to convert kilometers to meters, undo the


operation by dividing by 1,000 to convert meters to kilometers. G

3 Sean knows that approximately 10% of the population of California lives in


Los Angeles. To find the population of Los Angeles, he multiplied the total
population of California by 0.1. If about 3% of the population of California
lives in San Francisco, how can Sean find the population of San Francisco?
A Multiply the total population of California by 0.03
B Multiply the total population of California by 0.3
C Multiply the total population of California by 0.1
D Divide the total population of California by 0.03

To find the percent of a number, change the percent to a decimal and then
multiply the decimal by the number. In this case, 3% becomes 0.03. Then
multiply the total population of California by 0.03 to find 3% of the
population of California, which is about the population of San Francisco. A

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


111 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 3.2
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 To convert inches to centimeters, multiply the number of inches by 2.54. 1


How would you convert 20 centimeters to inches?
A 20  2.54
B 2.54  20
C 20  2.54
D 20  25.4

2 To solve the equation z  8  1, subtract 8 from both sides. How can 2


you solve the equation 5  b  6
F Add 6 to both sides.
G Multiply both sides by 6.
H Subtract 6 from both sides.
J Divide both sides by 6.

3 Sylvia knows that 20% of 250 is 50. What is 20% of 320? 3


A 72
B 64
C 50
D 32

4 If 1,000 millimeters equals 1 meter then what is 1,000 milliliters equal to? 4
F 1L
G 10 L
H 100 L
J 1,000 L

5 Joshua solved the equation 4x  320 by dividing both sides of the 5


y
equation by 4. How would he solve the equation 5  70?
A Divide both sides by 5.
B Subtract 5 from both sides.
C Add 5 to both sides.
D Multiply both sides by 5.
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
112 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 3.3
Develop generalizations of the results obtained and the strategies used and
MR 3.3
apply them in new problem situations.

Examples 1 Jessica knows that the solution to the equation x  12  17 is 5. What is the
solution to the equation 29  4  y?
A 33
B 25
C 17
D 12

Jessica solved the problem by subtracting 12 from both sides of the equation.
Solve 29  4  y similarly by subtracting 4 from both sides to get 25  y. B

2 If 10% of 1,200 is 120 and 20% of 1,200 is 240, find 30% of 2,000.
F 200
G 400
H 600
J 800

Notice that finding 10% of 1,200 is the same as finding 1,200  0.1 and that
finding 20% of 1,200 is the same as finding 1,200  0.2. So, finding 30% of
a number should be the same as multiplying the number by 0.3. In that case,
30% of 2,000 is 2,000  0.3, or 600. H

3 When Albert simplifies (8  12)  7 he gets 140 and when he simplifies


80  (11  6) he gets 16. What will be the result when he simplifies
4  (3  5)  7?
A 25
B 18
C 10
D 4

Notice that in Albert’s simplifications, he did the operations within the


parentheses first because (8  12)  7 is the same as 20  7, or 140, and
80  (116) is the same as 80  5, or 16. So, when he simplifies the
expression 4  (3  5)  7, he should do the operation within the
parentheses first.
4  (3  5)  7  4  8  7 Simplify within the parentheses first.
 32  7 Multiply.
 25 The answer is 25. A
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
113 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Standards Practice
Mathematical Reasoning 3.3
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 If the solution to the equation w  11  62 is 73, then what is the 1


solution to the equation 45  13  x?
A 73
B 58
C 32
D 28

2 Gerald found that 15% of 1,000 is 150 and 16% of 1,000 is 160. What is 2
17% of 1,500?
F 170
G 200
H 255
J 275

3 When Serena simplified the expression 2  3  5, the result was 17. 3


When she simplified 8  27  3  4 the result was 3. What will be the
result when she simplifies 7  22  4  12?
A 300
B 77
C 53
D 19

4 If the solution to the equation 2x  1  5 is 2, then what is the solution 4


to the equation 3x  8  44?
F 12
G 9
H 6
J 2

5 Georgio knows that 3  2  6, 3  3  9, 3  4  12, and 3  5  15. 5


So, which of the following must be the product of 3  1,258,757?
A 3,776,271
B 3,782,458
C 3,759,512
D 3,781,864
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
114 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

1 Which place in the decimals indicates that 23.5395 is greater than 1


23.5164?
A Tens
B Tenths
C Hundredths
D Thousandths

2 Several classes from Kinsey Middle School visited a science museum. 2


For every 25 students there were 2 adults. If there were 125 students in
the group, how many adults went with them?
F 8
G 9
H 10
J 15

3 Masao bought a 5-pack of paper for $7. Which equation could be used 3
to find c, the cost for one pack of paper?
A 5c7
B 7c5
c
C 
7
5
D 5c  7

4 The 6th grade class at Harrison Middle School sold 125 tickets to the 4
school dance in 5 days. What is the average number of tickets the 6th
grade class sold per day?
F 5
G 21
H 25
J 30

5 Nicoletta is traveling along Interstate 10 in Los Angeles, California, to go 5


to Houston, Texas. If her average speed is 65 miles per hour, how long
will it take her to travel the 1,560 miles between the two cities?
A 12 h
B 17.2 h
C 24 h
D 42 h Go on

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


115 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

6 Katie needs to travel 165 miles and her average speed is 55 miles per 6
hour. How long will it take her to reach her destination?
F 115 min
G 10 h
H 4h
J 3h

7 Which statement is always true for two adjacent angles? 7


A Their measures have a sum of 180°.
B They are equal in measure.
C Their measures have a sum of 90°.
D They share a common side.

8 Which of the following is not a possible kind of triangle? 8


F Acute isosceles triangle
G Obtuse equilateral triangle
H Acute equilateral triangle
J Obtuse isosceles triangle

9 Kichi wants to create a 2-digit secret code. Each of the digits can be any 9
of the numbers from 0 through 4. How many different codes can Kichi
make?
A 8
B 10
C 16
D 25

10 300,000  40,000  800  76  10


F 34,876
G 304,876
H 340,876
J 348,760 Go on

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


116 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.
3
11 Dividing by  is equivalent to multiplying by what number? 11
5
5
A 
3
B 3
C 5
D 8

12 The record high temperature for San Diego, California, is 111°F and the 12
record low temperature is 25°F. What is the difference between these
two temperatures?
F 86°F
G 96°F
H 106°F
J 136°F

13 Jeremy read the water level changes in the Kings River in California 13
four times during the summer. He made his measurements to the nearest
foot and used a negative sign to indicate a decrease in the water level.
His four measurements were 1 foot, 1 foot, 3 feet, and 1 foot. What
was the overall increase or decrease in the water level?
A 2 ft
B 1 ft
C 1 ft
D 2 ft

14 The Two California Plaza Building in Los Angeles is 750 feet tall. How 14
many yards tall is the building?
F 25 yd
G 220 yd
H 250 yd
J 2,250 yd

15 Which is a correct formula for the circumference of a circle that has a 15


radius of r units and a diameter of d units?
A C  2d
B C  r 2
C C  2r
D C  d 2 Go on

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


117 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

16 A number cube contains 2 odd prime numbers. If the number cube is 16


rolled, what is the probability that the number rolled will be an odd
prime number?
2
F 
3
1
G 
2
1
H 
3
1
J 
6

17 Eight students won $120 in a science competition. How much will each 17
student receive if they share the winnings equally?
A $12
B $13
C $14
D $15

18 Multiply 5,063 and 45. 18


F 227,835
G 45,567
H 27,834
J 25,335
3 2
19 Find the sum of  and . 19
5 15
11
A 
5
11
B 
15
5
C 
15
5
D 
20

20 A shoe store advertisement stated that the store was selling 2 pairs of 20
shoes for $57.95. If a family of 6 bought a pair of shoes for each
member of the family, how much did they spend?
F $347.95
G $173.85
H $165.90 Go on
J $115.90
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
118 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

21 Zenia is buying end-of-school gifts for her teachers. She decides to give 21
the female teachers engraved pendants that cost $16 each and give the
male teachers engraved pens that cost $18 each. If f represents the
number of female teachers Zenia has and m represents the number of
male teachers she has, which expression could be used to determine the
total cost of her gifts?
A 16  18  m  f
B 16f  18m
C fm
D 16m  18f

22 Alma is buying 2 pairs of blue jeans and 3 sweaters for her camping trip 22
to Mt. Shasta. The expression 2b  3s can be used to find her total cost
if b is the cost of one pair of blue jeans and s is the cost of one sweater.
What is the total cost of her purchases if one pair of blue jeans costs $32
and one sweater costs $26?
F $58
G $80
H $90
J $142
1
23 A formula for the area of a triangle is A  2 bh, where b is the base and 23
h is the height of the triangle. Which quantity can you be sure stands for
the length of one of the sides of the triangle?
1
A 2

B A
C b
D h

24 The formula for the area of a rectangle is A  w, where  is the length 24
and w is the width of the rectangle. Which formula can be used to find
the length, , of the rectangle if you know the area and the width?
w
F  
A
A
G  
w
H   Aw
J Aw Go on

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


119 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.
1
25 The area, A, of a triangle is equal to 2 the product of the length of the 25
base, b, and the height, h. Which equation can you use to find the height
of the triangle if you know the area and the base?
A
A h 
2b
2A
B h 
b
C h  Ab
D h  2Ab

Use the figure at the right to answer


Questions 6 and 7.
1 2 3
26 Without knowing any measurements, what is 26
true about angle 1 and angle 2?
F They are complementary angles.
G They are supplementary angles.
H They are adjacent angles.
J They are vertical angles.

27 If angle 2 has a measure of 90°, what is the sum of the measures of 27


angle 1 and angle 3?
A 360°
B 180°
C 90°
D 45°

28 If one of two complementary angles has a measure of 83°, what is the 28


measure of the other angle?
F 180°
G 97°
H 90°
J 7°

29 What kind of triangle is shown at the right? A 29


A Equilateral triangle
B Acute triangle 35° 55°
C Obtuse triangle B C
Go on
D Right triangle

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


120 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

30 Which figure is an equilateral triangle? 30


F G
10 10 11
10

12
8

H J
10 10 10 11

10 12

31 The table at the right shows Building Height (feet) 31


the heights of 5 buildings in First Interstate World Center 1,018
Los Angeles. If the height First Interstate Tower 858
of the Wells Fargo Tower, Two California Plaza 750
which is 740 feet tall, were Gas Company Tower 749
included in the data, which 333 South Hope Bldg. 743
measure would show the
least amount of change?
A Mean
B Median
C Scale
D Range

32 If a data value of 12 is added to the data set below, which measure will 32
change?
4, 5, 5, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 18, 20, 23
F Mean
G Median
H Mode
J Range

33 Which measure could be used to find the type of shirt most commonly 33
worn by students in the 6th grade?
A Mean
B Mode
C Median
Go on
D Range

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


121 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.
4
34 In a survey, 5 of the students in a large random sample of students at a 34
school said they liked the lunches that were served at school. If there are
425 students in the school, what is a reasonable estimate of the number
of students who like the school lunches?
F 85
G 340
H 400
J 531

35 Many television stations survey a portion of the population to see which 35


shows are being watched the most. What type of sample of the
population is the most appropriate?
A Random sample
B Cluster sample
C Convenience sample
D Stratified random sample

36 A video store manager wants to add more children’s movies to the 36


store’s selection. To determine whether this is a good idea, the store staff
poll some of the people who come in the video store on the weekend.
This is considered an example of what type of sample?
F Random
G Survey
H Convenience
J Cluster

37 The graph at the right shows the Farms in the United States 37
number of farms in the United 6
States during a period of 57 years. Number
of Farms 4
Why could the graph be (millions)
considered misleading? 2
A The scale for the year is not in 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1997
equal intervals. Year

B The scale for the number of farms in not in equal intervals.


C The number of farms is decreasing from year to year.
D The points are connected on the graph. Go on

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


122 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

38 In 1997, 1 of the 15 players with 100 or more at-bats on the Anaheim 38


Angels baseball team finished the season with a batting average of 0.300
or higher. In 1998, 3 of the 13 players with 100 or more at-bats on the
Anaheim Angels baseball team finished with a batting average of 0.300 or
higher. If a player with 100 or more at-bats is selected at random from
each of the two teams, what is the probability that they both had a
batting average of 0.300 or higher?
1
F 
5
1
G 
15
3
H 
13
1
J 
65

39 Juan bought 3 apples and 4 pears at 25¢ each, peanuts at $1.49 per 39
pound, and a 10-pound bag of potatoes for $2.49. What else do you need
to know in order to find out the total cost of the shopping trip?
A The cost of an apple
B The number of potatoes purchased
C The number of pounds of peanuts purchased
D The number of pounds of potatoes purchased

40 The table below lists the first six powers of 9. Shading shows the powers 40
that end in the digit 1. The exponents for these powers are circled. Which
of the following describes the exponents that give a power of 9 that ends
in the digit 1?

Exponent (n) 1 2 3 4 5 6
Power (9n ) 9 81 729 6,561 59,049 531,441

F Powers of 2
G Multiples of 2
H Factors of 8
Go on
J Factors of 12
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
123 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

41 Which statement is always true about the sum of a pair of numbers if 41


each of the numbers gives a remainder of 3 when divided by 5?
A The digit in the ones place of the sum must be 6.
B The digit in the ones place of the sum must be 1.
C The digit in the ones place of the sum must be 1 or 6.
D The digit in the ones place of the sum can be 1, 6, or 7.

42 Using the table at the right, what is the value of 27? Power Value
42
F 32 21 2
G 64 22 4
H 128 23 8
J 256 24 16

43 In a recent year, the average number of miles per gallon of gasoline for 43
cars driven in California was 18.02 miles per gallon. Which statement
describes the meaning of this average?
A The number of miles driven each day by a car in California was
18.02 miles.
B The number of gallons of gasoline used each day by a car in
California was 18.02 gallons.
C The number of gallons of gasoline used by cars in California divided
by the number of miles driven was 18.02.
D The number of miles driven by cars in California divided by the
number of gallons of gasoline used was 18.02.

44 Logan plans to read 55 books in one year. What is a reasonable estimate 44


for the amount of time he can take to read each book?
F 3 days
G 1 week
H 21 days
J 5 weeks

45 If the sum of the digits of a whole number is divisible by 3, then the 45


whole number itself is divisible by 3. Which digit could you use in place
of the underlined digit in the number shown below to get a number that
is divisible by 3?
29,379,134
A 5 B 6
Go on
C 7 D 8
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
124 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

46 On Tuesday, Eric studied math for 35 minutes and English for 25 minutes. 46
What is the ratio of time spent studying English to the time spent
studying math?
F 4 to 5
G 5 to 4
H 5 to 7
J 7 to 5

47 For the triangles shown at the right, STU Y 47


— T 12
is similar to ZYX. What is the length of YZ?
12 18 X Z
A 6
B 8 S U
C 18
D 24

48 If ABC is similar to DEF, find the length of 


DE. B 48
5
F 2
A C
G 3 10
H 4 E
x
J 5 D
6
F

49 What is the total cost of a pair of pants that costs $30 if the state sales 49
1
tax is 6 2 %?
A $1.95
B $28.05
C $31.95
D $36.50

50 The seven national parks that are entirely in California cover almost 50
3,000,000 acres. If the Channel Islands Park covers a little more than
8% of the total acreage, about how many acres are contained in the
Channel Islands National Park?
F 2,400 G 24,000
H 240,000 J 2,400,000

51 A $78 portable CD player is on sale for 20% off the regular price. What 51
is the sale price of the CD player?
A $15.60 B $39.00
Go on
C $58.00 D $62.40
© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content
125 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.
3
52 According to the Food Guide Pyramid,  cup of fruit juice is equivalent 52
4
1
to 1 serving from the fruit group. Using this guide, 4 2 cups of fruit
juice are equivalent to how many servings from the fruit group?
3 3
F 3 8 G 3 4
1
H 5 4 J 6

53 Which explanation describes how to multiply two fractions? 53


A Multiply the first fraction by the reciprocal of the second fraction.
B Rewrite the fractions with common denominators, then add the
numerators.
C Rewrite the fractions with common denominators, then divide the
numerators.
D Multiply numerators and multiply denominators.

4 3
54 Which expression is equivalent to 
5
 4 ? 54
4 3 4 4
F 
5
 
4
G 
5
 
3
5 3 5 4
H 
4
 
4
J 
4
 
3

55 By which number should you divide the numerator and denominator to 55


36
write 
60
in simplest form?
A 4 B 6
C 9 D 12

56 Angie gets paid every 6 days. Antoine gets paid every 14 days. If they 56
both are paid today, how many more days will it be until the next time
they both are paid on the same day?
F 21 days G 30 days
H 42 days J 84 days

57 Which value of b makes 6b  42 true? 57


A 8 B 7
C 7 D 8 Go on

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


126 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

58 Sarah is keeping a journal and wants to buy a new book to write in. She 58
is looking at a book that contains 488 blank pages for writing. If Sarah
writes 8 pages per week, which is an equation that can be used to find
w, the number of weeks Sarah can write in the book until it is full?
F w  488 • 8
G 8w  488
w
H 
8
 488
8
J w 
488

59 Which expression is equivalent to (4)(y  9)? 59


A 4(y  9) B (4  y)  (4  9)
C (4)y  (4)(9) D 4y  9

60 What is the value of 4  [23  (3)(1)]? 60


F 9 G 1
H 16 J 15

61 To find the value of 62  12  (6  3  2), which operation will you 61


use last?
A Addition B Subtraction
C Multiplication D Division

62 Alyssa ran the 40-yard dash in 6 seconds. How many feet per second 62
did she run?
2
F 6 3 ft/s G 20 ft/s
H 34 ft/s J 80 ft/s
1
63 Jacque traveled 261 miles in 4 2 hours. What was her average speed? 63
A 58 mi/h B 60 mi/h
C 62 mi/h D 65 mi/h

64 Jermaine needs to ride his bicycle 10 miles to train for a race. If his 64
average speed was 15 miles per hour, how long did it take him to bike
the 10 miles?
F 1 h 30 min G 50 min
H 45 min J 40 min Go on

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


127 Standards Workbook, Grade 6
Name: Date:

Sample Test
Read each question and choose the best answer. Then write the
letter for the answer you have chosen in the blank at the right
of each question.

65 Which formula is true for the area of a circle with radius r and 65
diameter d ?
A A  r 2
B A  (2r)2
C A  d
D A  2r

66 Which of the following is often used as an approximate value for ? 66


F 3.12
G 3.13
H 3.14
J 3.15

67 Which expression can you use to find the approximate 10 cm 67


volume of the cylinder shown at the right?
22 22
A 10 • 7 • 
7
B •
7
(52 ) • 7 7 cm

22 22
C •
7
(102 ) • 7 D •
7
(5 • 7) 2

68 Austin’s test scores are 83, 84, 90, 89, 79, 86, 84, and 93. What is the 68
median of Austin’s test scores?
F 84 G 85
H 86 J 87

69 Of the 9 professional baseball All-Star games played from 1995 to 69


2003, 6 were won by the American League. Using the data, what is the
probability that the American League wins an All-Star game?
1 2
A  B 
3 3
3
C  D 1
5

2
70 Keisha is making a square pillow with side lengths of 1 3 feet. If she 70
wants to put trim around the edges of the pillow, how much trim will
she need for the entire pillow?
2 2
F 6 3 ft G 5 3 ft
2 1 STOP
H 4 3 ft J 3 3 ft

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill Mastering the California Content


128 Standards Workbook, Grade 6