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CRUISE DRIFT-DOWN

EMERGENCY DESCENT Cruise level (MAX 390) DESCENT PATH


Calculation of descent path
~1' Minimum altitude based on highest GW with
BY-HEART ITEMS ard
Stand Green overhead PNR ice prot ON and covers
CREW OXY MASK ON FMGS Dot (must be corrected adverse temperatures and
Minimum Climb Speed for QNH 27ft/mB winds. descent gradient is
DESCENT INITIATE altitude
PNR
+/- 5NM & TEMP 4%/10°C) 1.1% worse than actual
THR LEVERS (if no A/THR) IDLE overhead available.
SPD BRK USE checkpoint
If no terrain problem, revert
SPEED MAX 30kts Headwind 30kts Headwind to normal descent path and
accelerate to OEI cruise
Mmo HDG? MGA? descent speed again
Vmo AWY? MTCA? in ~4' OEI LRC speed according
OM B 7.1

PULL PULL PULL

EMERGENC
1st loop: basic, FL180 / HDG R/L / Mmo OEI
2nd loop: Terrain? / AWY? / Speed? Service Ceiling

SPD Y DESCENT
BRK THR IDLE 20NM
FULL (if no A/THR) Checkpoint 2000ft
Decompression (OM A 8.3 2.4.5) (not required)
PROFILE

The flight plan has to allow at any point either a descent


along the planned track or a diversion via an escape route
in such a way that beyond 120 NM after initiation of an
emergency descent the highest MOCA does not exceed
14,000 ft for 30 min. flight time. This altitude may be ENGINE FAILURE IN CRUISE
maintained for over 30 min. as long as supplemental - A/THR OFF
oxygen for ten percent of the passengers is available. After - set MCT
that time or the time specified in the OM B the maximum CREW OXY - select lower level OP DES
FL180 / ~7' min pressure preflight 800psi
flight altitude is 10,000 ft - select Green dot speed for drift-
for 2 crew or 1000psi for 3 down or M.78/300kts for normal
MINIMUM ALTITUDES descent crew OEI descent.

102
in ~1' - with diluter on NORMAL: FMA in Drift-Down:
MGA MINIMUM GRID ALTITUDE (102) 10' all crew emer descent OP DES HDG AP1
highest point increment 110' 2 crew at FL100
FL140 1FD2
< 5000ft 1500ft - with diluter on 100%:
5000ft - 10000ft 2000ft 15' at 8000ft for all crew (for
>10000ft 10% + 1000ft smoke protection) ENGINE FAILURE (OM A 8.3 2.4.5)
FL100 In the event of an engine failure/engine
MTCA MINIMUM TERRAIN CLEARANCE ALT (78)
shutdown or a multiple critical system
10NM each side of AWY, 2000ft above terrain without

63
max 15' max 30' FL80 failure, a landing shall be made at the most
man-made obstacles. Shown from 7000ft up
4
78
90 65

suitable aerodrome which should normally


FL WY

be reached within 60 min(330NM) flight time


MEA MINIMUM ENROUTE ALTITUDE (FL90) OXY for all PAX OXY for 10% of PAX OXY for 2% of PAX between
A

at OEI cruise speed (60 min. preflight).


lowest usable enroute cruising altitude FL80 & FL100 (portable OXY)
Actual wind, speed, FL, GW could lead to
- When no OXY available
PAX MASKS drops if cabin altitude > 14000ft longer diversion time, which is considered in
anymore, descent to FL80
the 2-engine aeroplane fuel calculation.

TCAS (OM A 8.3 6) DISTRESS DECLARE EMERGENCY in case of EMERGENCY FREQUENCIES


"MAYDAY MAYDAY MAYDAY" • Visible smoke of unknown origin
Stall and GPWS warnings have precedence over ACAS • Fire on board VHF (MHz) 121.50 (main)
Condition of beeing threatened by serious
advisories.
imminent danger / emergency or requiring • Structural damage 123.40(backup)
The infringement of an ATC clearance based on • Dual hydraulic failure
information/advisory conveyed by ACAS lies within the
immediate assistance 126.90(backup)
• total loss of electrical power
authority of the CMD. • total loss of navigation systems HF (kHz) 2182
URGENCY
• total loss of ice protection systems in icing conditions 4125
PROCEDURE "PANPAN PANPAN PANPAN" • incapacitation
TA, TRAFFIC ADVISORIES "TRAFFIC, TRAFFIC" condition concerning safety of a/c or • Fuel qty drops below final reserve
PF select appropriate range, call out position of intruder, vehicle or person on board which does not
prepare for RA and stay on instruments. require immediate assistance
PNF select appropriate range, in VMC look out for SATCOM A320 Show prerecorded numbers
intruder, in IMC stays on the instruments
0 0 + national code + number + # 0 1 First number
RA, RESOLUTION ADVISORIES REGA +41 33 333 33 33 R/O Push to desired number
PF: AP OFF, FD OFF, fly into the vertical speed green SWISS MEDICAL +41 43 812 68 35 # Initiate call
range.
PNF monitors aircraft performance, looks out & advise
ATC "...TCAS CLIMB / DESCENT" INFLIGHT MANAGEMENT J 2 OPTIONS!
FUEL MANAGEMENT
RVSM REQUIREMENTS (OM A 8.3 2.5.2) the policy to plan with the availability of at least
Two independent altitude measurement systems each INTERMEDIATE DESTINATION two LDG possibilities should be maintained as
NO long as possible
equipped with: ALTERNATE DESTINATION NO ALTERNATE
- the CMD shall ensure to have FR at LDG
• Cross-coupled static/source system with ice protection below below applicable below all-engine
in areas subject to ice accretion; applicable minimum? minimum? - otherwise EMERG has to be declared to receive
• display of the computed pressure altitude to the flight minimum? LDG priority
RD
crew; GA - STOPS / EROPS: fuel scenarios legally no more
RE
• digital encoding of the displayed altitude; DIS required
• signals referenced to a pilot selected altitude for
YES YES Trend of METAR may be used if valid for ETA.
automatic altitude control and alerting; CRVR may be used as in planning principle.
• static source error correction; DESTINATION
• one SSR transponder with altitude reporting in use;
• an altitude alerting system;
ALTERNATE YES REPLANNING
below applicable A replanning is required when either:
• an automatic altitude control system; minimum? • a new destination is selected
• a significant deviation from the route not covered
by contingency fuel
NAVIGATION REQUIREMENTS (OM A 8.3 2.3.2) NO For replanning, use same rules as for planning.
• B-RNAV: Basic RNAV is used in the ECAC countries
for enroute navigation. The necessary equipment After passing ETA-6hrs, a replanning without DEST
(RNAV) ensuring RNP5 has to be carried and to be ALTN may be performed
operative in these countries above certain levels (see DIVERSION TO ALTERNATE
OM C NAV); When a diversion will be taken into account all
• RNP: The Required Navigation Performance is factors which will influence the fuel required to
defined as a statement of the navigational accuracy the diversion aerodrome must be reconsidered. COMMITMENT TO PROCEED
required for operation in a defined area of airspace. Commander must take into account
The level of accuracy is expressed as a single Main points are: • remaining FUEL
parameter and it defines the distance from the • Weather en-route (wind, temperature, flight • weather
aeroplane’s intended position within which the hazards); • traffic situation, airport (multiple runway)
aeroplane must be maintained for at least 95% of the • estimated flight level; so as to land with not less than FINAL
total flying time. • approach procedure and runway in use. RESERVE
• RNP4 will normally be applied in continental areas in
which the route structure is based on VOR/DME.
L NO OPTION!
• RNP5 is the level of accuracy required in European
airspace.
!!!NOT FOR OPERATIONAL USE!!!
A320 MEMO © Pierre-Michel Gasser, 31.7.2004