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PROGRAM DIDIK CEMERLANG AKADEMIK

SPM

ADDITIONAL
MATHEMATICS
FORM 5
MODULE 1
ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION

ORGANISED BY:

JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI PULAU PINANG


CHAPTER 1: ARITHMETIC
PROGRESSION

CONTENTS PAGE

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1.1 Identify characteristics of arithmetic
progression

1.2 Determine whether a given sequence is an 3


arithmetic progression

1.3 Determine by using formula:


a) specific terms in arithmetic 4-5
progressions
b) the number of terms in arithmetic
progressions

1.4 Find
a) The sum of the first n terms of arithmetic
progressions 6
b) The sum of a specific number of
consecutive terms of arithmetic
progressions
c) The value of n , given the sum of the first n
terms of arithmetic progressions.

1.5 Solve problems involving arithmetic 7


progressions

SPM QUESTIONS 8-10

ASSESSMENT 11-12

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ANSWERS 13

PROGRESSIONS
( Arithmetic Progression)

ARITHMETIC PROGRESSION

The sum of the first n term:


The nth term :
Sn = ______________
Tn = ___________
or
or
Sn = ______________
Tn = ___________

a = _______________
d = _______________
l = _______________ Fill in the
n = _______________ blank

1.1 Identify characteristics of arithmetic progression:

EXERCISE 1:

Complete each of the sequence below to form an arithmetic progression.

a) 2, _____ , 8 , ______ , 14 , 17

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b) -2 , -5 , ______ , -11 , ________
1
c) -4, ______ , ______ , ,2
2
d) 2x -3 , 2x -1 , __________ , __________ , 2x + 5

1.2 Determine whether a given sequence is an arithmetic progression

EXERCISE 2 :

1. Determine whether a given sequence below is an arithmetic progression.

a) 5 , 11 , 17 , 23 , ……….. ( ____________________ )

b) -20 , -50 , -30 , -35 , ………. ( ____________________ )

c) 1 , 4 , 9 , 16 , ……… ( ____________________ )

d) 2x + y , 4x – y , 6x -3y , …… ( ____________________ )

2. k +3 , 2k + 6 ,8 are the first three terms of an arithmetic progression,find the


value of k.

Note:
If x,y and z are three terms of an
arithmetic progression ,
y–x=z-y

3. Given that x 2 ,5 x, 7 x  4 are three consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression


W

here x has a positive value. Find the value of x.

4. Given that the first three terms of an arithmetic progression are 2 y, 3 y  3 and 5y+1 .
Find the value of y.

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1.3 Determine by using formula:
a. specific terms in arithmetic progressions
b. the number of terms in arithmetic progressions

Tn  a  (n  1)d

EXERCISE 3:

1. Find the 9th term of the arithmetic 2. Find the 11th term of the arithmetic
progression. progression.
2, 5 , 8 , ….. 5
3, , 2,........
Solution: 2
a=2
d = 5-2=3

T9  2  (9  1)3

= _______

3. For the arithmetic progression 4. Find the nth term of the arithmetic
0.7, 2.1 , 3.5, ….. ,find the 5th term . progression
1
4, 6 ,9,.....
2

5. Find the 7th term of arithmetic 6. Given that arithmetic progression


progression k, 2k + 1, 3k+2, 4k+3,…. 9 +6x , 9+4x, 9+2x, ……
Find the 10th term.

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EXERCISE 4:

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1. Find the number of terms of the 2. For the arithmetic progression
arithmetic progression 5 , 8 , 11 , ……. Which term is equal
to 320 ?
a) 4,9.14,….. ,64

Tn  64
4 + (n-1)5=64
4+ 5n-5 =64
5n=65
n= 13

b) -2, -7, -12, ……, -127

3. The sequence 121 , 116 , 111 , …. is


an arithmetic progression. Find the
first negative term in the progression.

1 1 1
c) 1,1 ,1 ,......, 4
6 3 2

4. Find the number of terms of the


arithmetic progression
a  2b,3a  3b,5a  4b,......, 23a  13b
d) x  y, x  y, x  3 y,........., x  31 y

1.4 Find
a) the sum of the first n terms of arithmetic progressions.

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b) the sum of a specific number of consecutive terms of arithmetic
progressions.
c) the value of n , given the sum of the first n terms of arithmetic
progressions.

n
Sn   2a   n  1 d 
2
n
or Sn =  a+ l 
2
l= the n th term

EXERCISE 5:

1. Find the sum of the first 12 terms of 2. Find the sum of all the terms of the
the arithmetic progression arithmetic progression
-10 , -7 , -4, …… 38 , 31 , 24 , …., -18

3. For the arithmetic progression 4. How many terms of the arithmetic


-4 , 1 , 6 , …….find the sum of all 2, 8 , 13 ,18 , …… must be taken
the terms from the 6th term to the 14th for the sum to be equal to 1575?
term.

Solution:
Sum of all the terms from the 6th term
to the 14th
= S14  S5
=
=

1.5 Solve problems involving arithmetic progressions.

EXERCISE 6:

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1. The 5th and 9th of arithmetic 2. The 2nd and 8th terms of an arithmetic
progression are 4 and 16 respectively. progression are -9 and 3 respectively.
Find the 15th term. Find
Solution: a) the first term and the comman
T5  4 difference.
a  (5  1)d  4 b) the sum of 10 terms beginning from
the 12th term.
a  4d  4 ......(1)
T9  16
a+(9-1)d=16
a+8d=16 ......(2)
Solve simultaneous equation to find
the value of a and d, then the 15th term.

3. The sum of the first 6 terms of an 4. The sum of the first n terms is given
arithmetic progression is 39 and the by S n  6n  3n
2

sum of the next 6 terms is -69. Find Find


a) the first term and the common a) the nth term in terms of n
difference b) the common difference
b) the sum of all the terms from the
15th term to the 25th term.

SPM QUESTIONS:

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1. 2003:
Paper 1: (no. 7)

The first three terms of an arithmetic progression are k  3, k  3, 2k  2


Find
a) the value of k
b) the sum of the first 9 terms of the progression  3 marks 

2. 2004:
Paper 1: ( no 10)
Given an arithmetic progression -7, -3, 1, …. , state three consecutive terms in this
progression which sum up to 75  3 marks 

3. Paper 1: ( no. 11)

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The volume of water in a tank is 450 litres on the first day. Subsequently, 10 litres of
water is added to the tank everyday.
Calculate the volume , in litres , of water in the tank at the end of the 7th day.
 2 marks

4. 2005:
Paper 1: (no. 11)

The first three terms of an arithmetic progression are 5, 9, 13


Find
a) the common difference of the progression
b) the sum of the first 20 terms after the 3rd term.  4 marks

5. Paper 2 : ( Section A no.3)

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Diagram 1 shows part of an arrangement of bricks of equal size.

Diagram 1

The number of bricks in the lowest row is 100. For each of the rows, the number of
bricks is 2 less than in the row below. The height of each bricks is 6 cm.
Ali builds a wall by arranging bricks in this way. The number of bricks in the highest
row is 4. Calculate
a) the height , in cm, of the wall [ 3 marks ]
b) the total price of the bricks used if the price of one brick is 40 sen. [ 3 marks ]

ASSESSMENT:

1. The sequence -13,-10,-7,……,128,131 is an arithmetic progression. Find

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a) the number of terms in the progression
b) the sum of all the terms in the progression.

2. Given that k-1 , 2k – 4 and k +5 are the first three terms of arithmetic progression.
Find the common difference.

3. Calculate how many months it will take to repay a debt of RM5800 by monthly
payment of RM100 initially with an increase of RM20 for each month after that.

4. The 4th of an arithmetic progression is 18 and the sum of the first eight terms

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of the progression is 124. Find
a) the first term and the common difference
b) the sum of all the terms from the 10th term to the 20th term.

5. Sum of the first ten of the arithmetic progression is 230 and sum of ten terms
after that is 830. Find the first term and the common difference.

ANSWERS:

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EXERCISE 1: EXERCISE 2:
a) 5,11 1. a) Arithmetic progression
b) -8,-14 b) Not an arithmetic progression
1 c) Not an arithmetic progression
c) 2 , 1 d) Arithmetic progression
2
d) 2x+1,2x+3 1
2. k  
3
3. x = 4
4. y = 5
EXERCISE 3: EXERCISE 4:
1. 26 1. a) 13
2. -2 b) 26
3. 6.3 c) 22
1 d) 45
4. Tn   5n  3
2 2. T106
5. 7k+6 3. T26  4
6. T10  9  12 x 4. 12
EXERCISE 5: EXERCISE 6:
1. 34
1. 78 2. a) -11,2
2. 90 b) 200
3. 369 3. a) a=14 , d= -3
4. 40 b) -473
4. a) Tn=12n-3
b) d=12
ASSESSMENT: PAST YEAR QUESTION:
1. a) 49 1. a) k=7
b) 2891 b) S9  252
2. 3
2. T10  29, T9  25, T8  21
3. 20
4. a) 33,-5 3. T7  510
b) -407 4. a) 4
5. 4,6 b) 1100
5. a) 294
b) RM1019.20

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