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Element name: Iron Chemical symbol: Fe

Atomic number: 26 Atomic mass: 55.845 Bohr diagram:

Period #: 4 Group or family #: 8

Family name: Transitional Metals

Number of energy levels: 4

Number of electrons in outer shell: 2

State at room temperature: Solid

Boiling point: 2750.00 C Melting point: 1535.00 C

Density: 7.874 g/cm3

Description / Main Characteristics:

 Metal / nonmetal / metalloid: Metal, the pure element is soft, ductile, malleable, moderate conductor of heat
and electricity, attracted by magnets and can be readily magnetized.
 Common isotopes: 54Fe, 56Fe, 57Fe, 58Fe

 Hardness: 4 on Moh’s Hardness Scale  Color: Lustrous, metallic, grayish tinge

 Reactivity with oxygen: Oxidization (rust)

 Reactivity with water: Oxidization (rust)

 Reactivity with acid: Hydrogen is formed

 In what forms or compounds is it normally found? Hematite, magnetite, goethite, limonite, siderite

 Location and abundance on Earth: Mineral deposits, Earth’s core, Earth’s crust, sedimentary, and igneous rocks

 How is the pure element obtained? Smelting to separate the oxygen that is chemically united with it

Uses: Commercial (e.g. structure construction, coinage, furniture, military technology, tool making), biological (e.g.
animal feed requirements, bacterial usage, blood, circulatory system, human digestion), and medical (e.g. childhood
diseases, occupational exposures, toxicity, metabolism, nutritional disorders, pregnant women)
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Interesting Facts

• The origin of the chemical symbol Fe comes from the Latin word “ferrum”

• Iron is believed to be the tenth most abundant element in the universe, and the fourth
most abundant in the Earth's crust

• Iron is a metal extracted from iron ore, and is almost never found in the free elemental

• Iron is the main component of steel, and it is used in the production of alloys or solid
solutions of various metals

• Steel can be 1,000 times harder than pure iron

• Iron (as Fe2+, ferrous ion) is a necessary trace element used by almost all living

• Iron is the most used of all the metals, comprising 95% of all the metal tonnage produced