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During production of aniline, side reactions occurs and forms 2-

picoline and 3-picoline as impurities. Steam distillation is used


to purify the crude aniline product. An initial charge of 2226 kg
with the composition of
7.18% mole 2-PICOLINE
29.25% mole 3-PICOLINE
63.57% mole ANILINE
is put in the distillation still. Steam is injected into the still and
the pressure is maintained at 32.8 kPa.(vacuum)
a. Calculate the amount of total water collected in the distillate
(condensed vapor) when the last drop of the least impurity is
vaporized.
b. What is the temperature of the still during the distillation?
c. What is the composition of the purified aniline?
Answer sheet
18.3 3816.44 -46.13

A B C
H2O 7.96 1661.21 227.37
NAPHTA 3.19 24.74 -34.89
NAPHTHALENE 128.17 C10H8 7.01 1733.71 201.86

T, C = 117.15
MW A B
C6H7N 2-PICOLINE 93.13 7.03 1415.73
C6H7N 3-PICOLINE 93.13 7.05 1481.77
C6H7N ANILINE 93.13 7.24 1675.3
H2O 7.96 1661.21

7.5
T, F p*, mm Hg T, C log(p*) F
160 318 71.11 2.5 318
180 460 82.22 2.66 460
A B C

Ptot, mmHg1285.94
= L/F = 0.1
T, C = 100
wZ z p*,mmHg K y x pi
1000 45% 759.79 0.59 0.59 1 759.79
4090.91 45% 638.96 0.5 0.41 0.82 522.79
909.09 10% 18.5 0.01 0 0.18 3.36
100% 1 2 1285.94

C p*,mmHg Z pi y nZ nY
211.58 531.85 0.100 53.19 0.03 10 10.00
211.21 344.84 0.100 34.48 0.02 10 6.48
200.01 91.13 0.800 72.91 0.05 80 13.71
227.37 1359.42 1 1359.42 0.89 255.60
1520 1 100 285.79
1520
0
sq(err)
0
0
0

nZ nY nX
55.56 55.57 -0.01
38.23 38.23 0
7.09 0.25 6.85
100.88 94.04 6.84

NXY xY nX xx
10.00 0.331 0.00 0.000
6.48 0.215 3.52 0.050
13.71 0.454 66.29 0.950

30.19 69.81