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ENGLISH BAHASA INDONESIA

Section 11. Watertight Bulkhead Bab 11. Sekat Kedap

A. General A. Umum
1. Watertight subdivision 1. Bagian Kedap

1.1 All ships are to have a collision bulkhead, a stern tube 1.1 Seluruh kapal yang memiliki sekat tubrukan, sebuah
bulkhead and one watertight bulkhead at each end of the sekat tabung poros dan satu sekat kedap di tiap akhir ruang
engine room. In ships with machinery aft, the sterntube mesin. Pada kapal dengan mesin di bagian depan (haluan),
bulkhead may substitute the aft engine room bulkhead. sekat tabung poros dapat termasuk dalam sekat kamar
mesin haluan.

1.2. For ships without longitudinal bulkheads in the cargo 1.2 Pada kapal yg tidak memiliki sekat membujur dalam
hold area the number of watertight transverse bulkheads wilayah ruang muatnya - jumlah sekat melintang haruslah,
should, in general, not be less than given in Table 11.1. yg secara umum, tidak kurang dari yg diberikan pada tabel
11.1
L Rencana Ruang Mesin
(m) Haluan Tempat lainnya
L ≤ 65 3 4
65 < L ≤ 85 4 4
85 < L ≤ 105 4 5
105 < L ≤ 125 5 6
125 < L ≤ 145 6 7
145 < L ≤ 165 7 8
165 < L ≤ 185 8 9
L > 185 Diperhitungkan secara khusus

1.3 One or more of the watertight bulkheads required by 1.2, 1.3 Satu atau lebih sekat kedap seperti yang dibutuhkan
may be dispensed with where the transverse strength of the ship oleh 1.2 dapat ditiadakan dengan dimana kekuatan
is adequate. The number of watertight bulkheads will be melintang dari kapal telah memadai. Jumlah sekat kedap
entered into the Register Book. akan dimasukkan dalam buku register.

1.4 Number and location of transverse bulkheads fitted in 1.4 Jumlah dan letak dari sekat melintang dipasang dalam
addition to those specified in 1.1 are to be so selected as to kondisi pada letak yang dispesifikasikan dalam 1.1 dan
ensure sufficient transverse strength of the hull. telah dipilih seperti itu guna memastikan kekuatan
melintang lambung.

1.5 For ships which require proof of survival capability in 1.5 Untuk kapal yang membutuhkan pembuktian ketahanan
damaged conditions, the watertight sub-division will be dalam kondisi rusak, bagian kedap akan ditentukan oleh
determined by damage stability calculations. For oil tankers perhitungan stabilitas saat rusak. Untuk kapal tanker lihat
see Section 24, A.2., for passenger vessels see Section 29-I, bab 24, A.2., untuk kapal penumpang lihat bab 29-II, C.,
C., for special purpose ships see Section 29- II,.C., for cargo untuk kapal kargo dengan panjang lebih dari 100 m lihat
ships of more than 100 m in length see Section 36 and for bab 36 dan untuk kapal barang lihat bab 34, A.2. Untuk
supply vessels see Section 34, A.2. For liquefied gas tankers tanker gas cair lihat Rules for ships Carring Liquefied Gases
see Rules for Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk, in bulk, Volume IX, Bab 2, untuk tanker bahan kimia lihat
Volume IX, Section 2, for chemical tankers see Rules for Rules for Ships carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk,
Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk, Volume X, Volume X, Bab 2.
Section 2.

2. Arrangement of watertight bulkheads 2. Perencanaan Sekat Kedap


2.1 Collision Bulkhead 2.1 Sekat Tubrukan

2.1.1 Cargo ships with Lc ≤ 200 m shall have the collision 2.1.1 Kapal kargo dengan Lc ≤ 200 m harus memiliki sekat
bulkhead situated not less than 0,05 Lc from the forward tubrukan yang dikondisikan tidak kurang dari 0,05 Lc dari
perpendicular. Cargo ships with Lc > 200 m shall have the arah tegak lurus bagian depan. Kapal kargo dengan Lc > 200
collision bulkhead fitted at least 10 m from the forward m harus memiliki sekat tubrukan setidaknya dengan
perpendicular. panjang 10 m dari arah tegak lurus bagian depan.

2.1.2 All cargo ships shall have the collision bulkhead located 2.1.2 semua kapal kargo harus memiliki sekat tubrukan
not more than 0,08 Lc from the forward perpendicular. Upon yang tidak lebih dari 0,08 Lc dari arah tegal lurus bagian
application greater distances may be approved in special cases. depan. Dalam kasus tertentu aplikasi dengan ukuran yang
lebih besar dapat disetujui.

2.1.3 In the case of ships having any part of the underwater 2.1.3 pada kasus kapal yang memiliki bagian body di bawah
body extending forward of the forward perpendicular, e.g. a air perpanjangan tegak lurus ke depan, contoh, sebuah
bulbous bow, the required distances specified in 2.1.1 and bulbous bow, jarak yg harus dipenuhi sesuai 2.1.1 dan 2.1.2
2.1.2 are to be measured from a reference point located at a diukur dari titik refernsi yang terdapat pada jarak x dari
distance x forward of the forward perpendicular which arah tegak lurus kedepan yang harus kurang dari:
shall be the lesser of:
a
x= a
2 x=
2
= 0,015 Lc
= 0,015 Lc
= 3,0 m
= 3,0 m
For passenger ships see section 29-I, C.3.
Untuk kapal penumpang lihat Bab 29-I,C.3.

2.1.4 The collision bulkhead shall extend watertight up to 2.1.4 Sekat tubrukan harus memperpanjang kedap sampai
the freeboard deck. Steps or recesses may be permitted ada geladak lambung timbul. Pijakan dan relung
provided 2.1.1, 2.1.2 and 2.1.3 are observed. diperkenankan sesuai 2.1.1, 2.1.2 dan 2.1.3 dan telah
diamati sebelumnya.

2.1.5 In ships having continuous or long superstructures, the 2.1.5 pada kapal yang memiliki terusan atau bangunan
collision bulkhead shall extend to the first deck above the paling atas yang panjang, sekat tubrukan harus diperluas
freeboard deck. The extension need not be fitted directly in line hingga geladak pertama di atas geladak lambung timbul.
with the bulkhead below, provided the requirements of 2.1.1, Perluasan ini tidak perlu dipasang langsung segaris dengan
2.1.2 and 2.1.3 with the exception as per 2.1.6 are fulfilled and sekat dibawahnya, asalkan persyaratan 2.1.1, 2.1.2 dan
the scantlings of the part of the freeboard deck which forms the 2.1.3 dengan pengecualian 2.1.6 terpenuhi dan rangka
step or recess are not less than required for a collision penunjang pada bagian geladak lambung timbul yang mana
bulkhead. Openings with weatherthight closing appliances may bentuk pijakan dan relung tidak kurang dari yang
be fitted above the freeboard deck in the collision bulkhead and dibutuhkan sebuah sekat tubrukan. Bukaan dengan
in the aforementioned step and recess. penutupan kedap cuaca dapt dipasang diatas geladak
The number of openings shall be reduced to the minimum lambung timbul pada sekat tubrukan dan pada pijkan dan
compatible with the design and proper working of the ship. relung.
Jumlah dari bukaan harus dikurangi minimal sesuai dengan
desain dan ketepatan pekerjaan pada kapal.

2.1.6 On ships fitted with bow doors and inclined bow ramps 2.1.6 Pada kapal yang dilengkapi dengan bow doors dan
which are part of the collision bulkhead above the freeboard inclined bow ramps yang mana bagian dari sekat tubrukan
deck, that particular part of the ramp which is fitted more than diatas geladak lambung timbul, secara khusus jalur landai
2,30 m above the freeboard deck may be located forward of the dipasang lebih dari 2,30 m di atas geladak lambung timbul
limits specified in 2.1.1. Such ramps shall be weathertight yang letaknya di depan dari batas yg di spesifikasikan
throughout their height. dalam 2.1.1. Jalur landai haruslah kedap cuaca sepanjang
tingginya.

B. Scantlings B. Scantlings
1. General, Definition 1. Umum, Definisi

1.1 Where holds are intended to be filled with ballast 1.1


water, their bulkheads are to comply with the requirements
of Section 12, C.

1.2 Bulkheads of holds intended to be used for carrying ore 1.2


are to comply with the requirements of Section 23, B., as far
as their strength is concerned.

1.3 Definition 1.3 Definisi


t = corrosion allowance according to Section 3, K.1.
K tk = kelonggaran korosi sesuai Bab 3, K.1
a = spacing of stiffeners in [m]
a = jarak penegar dalam [m]
 = unsupported span in [m], according to Section
3, C.  = jarak tanpa tumpuan dalam [m], sesuai bab 3,C.
p = 9,81 · h [kN/m ]2
p = 9,81 · h [kN/m ] 2

h = distance from the load centre of the structure h = jarak dari struktur pusat beban ke sebuah titik 1 m
to a point 1 m above the bulkhead deck at the diatas sekat pada sisi kapal, untuk sekat tubrukan ke
ship side, for the collision bulkhead to a point sebuah titik 1 m di atas tepi atas sekat tubrukan pada sisi
1 m above the upper edge of the collision kapal. Untuk kapal kargo bermuatan kering dengan
bulkhead at the ship side. For dry cargo ships pembuktian stabilitas kerusakan lihat Bab 36, E.2.
with proven damage stability see Section 36,
Untuk definisi dari “load Centre” lihat Bab 4, A.2.1
E.2.

For the definition of "load centre" see Section.4.


A.2.1. cp, cs = koefisien sesuai tabel 11.2

cp, cs = coefficients according to Table 11.2


235
f=
235 ReH
f=
ReH ReH = nilai minimum titik yield teratas dalam [N/mm2]
ReH = minimum nominal upper yield point in [N/mm ] 2
Sesuai Bab 2.B.2
according to Section 2, B.2. Tabel 11.2 Koefisien cp dan cs
Koefisien cp dan cs Sekat tubrukan Sekat lainnya
Pelat cp
1,1 √ f 0,9 √ f
cs : jika constraint
pada kedua 0,33 · f 0,265· f
ujungnya
Penegar, cs : jika tumpuan
Elemen sekat sederhana pada
bergelombang satu ujung dan 0,45 · f 0,36 · f
constraint di
ujung lainnya
cs : kedua ujung
ditumpu 0,66 · f 0,53 · f
sederhana
Untuk definisi “constraint” dan “simply supported” lihat Bab.3 D.1

2. Bulkhead Plating 2. Pelat sekat

2.1 The thickness of the bulkhead plating is not to be less 2.1 Tebal pelat sekat tidak kurang dari :
than :
t=c p ∙ a √ p+t k [mm]
t=c p ∙ a √ p+t k [mm]
t min =6,0 ∙ √ f [mm] t min =6,0 ∙ √ f [mm]
For ships with large deck openings according to Section.5, Untuk kapal dengan bukaan geladak yang besar sesuai
F.1.2, the plate thickness of transverse bulkheads is not to Bab.5 F.1.2, tebal pelat dari sekat melintang tidak kurang
be less than: dari :

√ √
∆l H H ∆l H H

)√ )√
t=c ∙ 3
1 1
∙ (
2 2 )
−T + T 2 +t k [mm] t=c ∙ 3
1 1
∙ (
2 2 )
−T + T 2 +t k [mm]
F 1 ∙ ReH ∙
( +
a 2 b2
F 1 ∙ ReH ∙
( +
a 2 b2
Where:
Δ = distance from the mid of hold before to the mid Dimana :
of hold aft of the considered transverse bulkhead Δ = jarak dari tengah ruang muat sebelum ketengah ruang
muat buritan dianggap sekat melintang attau sekat
or supporting bulkhead [m]
penunjang [m]
a, b = spacing of stiffeners [m]
a,b = jarak penegar [m]
tK = corrosion allowance [mm] according to
tk = kelonggaran korosi [mm] sesuai Bab 3. K
Section 3, K.
ReH = nilai minimum titik yield teratas dalam [N/mm2]
ReH = nominal upper yield stress of material [N/mm2]
sesuai Bab.2 B.2
according to Section 2, B.2.
F1= faktor koreksi pada Bab 3, F.1.
F1 = correction factor according to Section 3, F.1.
C = 13 pada umumnya
c = 13 in general
= 15 dibawah z = 0,2 H dan diatas o,8 H dan secara umum
= 15 below z = 0,2 H and above 0,8 H and
pada bagian haluan kapal sebelum x/L =0,8
generally in the fore ship before x/L = 0,8

2.2 In small ships, the thickness of the bulkhead plating 2.2


need not exceed the thickness of the shell plating for a
frame spacing corresponding to the stiffener spacing.

2.3 The stern tube bulkhead is to be provided with a 2.3


strengthened plate in way of the stern tube.

2.4 In areas where concentrated loads due to ship 2.4


manoeuvres at terminals, may be expected, the buckling,
strength of bulkhead plate fields directly attached to the
side shell, is to be examined according to Section 9, B.4.4
and 4.5.

3. Stiffeners 3. Penegar

3.1 The section modulus bulkhead stiffeners is not to be less 3.1 Modulus penegar sekat tidak kurang dari :
than :
2 3
W =c s ∙ a∙ l 2 ∙ p[cm3 ]
W =c s ∙ a∙ l ∙ p[cm ]

3.2 In horizontal part of bulkheads, the stiffeners are also to 3.2


comply with the rules for deck beams according to Section
10.

3.3 The scantlings of the brackets are to be determined in 3.3


dependence of the section modulus of the stiffeners
according to Section 3, D.2. If the length of the stiffener is
3,5 m and over, the brackets are to extend to the next beam
or the next floor.

3.4 Unbracketed bulkhead stiffeners are to be connected to 3.4


the decks by welding. The length of weld is to be at least 0,6
x depth of the section.

3.5 If the length of stiffeners between bulkhead deck and 3.5


the deck below is 3 m and less, no end attachment
according to 3.4 is required. In this case the stiffeners are to
be extended to about 25 mm from the deck and sniped at
the ends. (See also Section 3, C.3.)

3.6 Bulkhead stiffeners cut in way of watertight doors are to 3.6


be supported by carlings or stiffeners.

4. Corrugated bulkheads 4.

4.1 The plate thickness of corrugated bulkheads is not to be 4.1


less than required according to 2.1. For the spacing a, the
greater one of the values b or s in [m] according to 4.3 is to
be taken.

4.2 The section modulus of a corrugated bulkhead element is to 4.2


be determined according to 3.1. For the spacing a, the width of
an element e, in [m] according to 4.3 is to be taken. For the end
attachment see Section 3, D.4.

4.3 The actual section modulus of a corrugated bulkhead 4.3 Modulus aktual dari sebuah elemen sekat bergelombang
element is to be assessed according to the following dicari sesuai dengan rumus berikut :
formula:

s
( )
W =t ∙ d b+ [cm3 ]
( 3s ) [cm ]
W =t ∙ d b+ 3

3
where, carling or similar elements can not be fitted in line
Dimana, carling atau elemen yang sama tidak dapat
with the web strips
dipasang segaris dengan strip gading.
W =t ∙ d ( d+t ) [cm3 ] W =t ∙ d ( d+t ) ¿
e = width of element in [cm] e = lebar elemen dalam [cm]
b = breadth of face plate in [cm] b = lebar pelat muka dalam [cm]
s = breadth of web plate in [cm] s = lebar pelat gading [cm]
d = distance between face plates in [cm] d = jarak antara pelat muka dalam [cm]
t = plate thickness in [cm] t = tebal pelat dalam [cm]
α ≥ 45° α ≥ 45°

Gbr.11.2. Elemen sekat bergelombang

4.4 For watertight bulkheads of corrugated type on ships 4.4


according to Section 5, G. see Section 23, E.

5. Girders and Web Frame 5. Balok geladak dan Gading besar


5.1 General 5.1 Umum
Girders and web frames are to be dimensioned using direct
calculation as to ensure the stress criteria according to 5.3.1
for normal operation and the criteria according to 5.3.2 if
any cargo hold is flooded.
Regarding effective width and buckling proof in each case
Section 3, E. and F. has to be observed.
In areas with cut-outs 2nd-order bending moments must be
taken into account.

5.2 Load assumptions 5.2

5.2.1
5.2.1 Loads during operation

Loads during operation are the external water pressure, see


Section 4, and the loads due to cargo and filled tanks, see
Section 17, C.1.8, Section 21, G. and if relevant depending on
the deck opening Section 5, F.

5.2.2 Loads in damaged condition 5.2.2


The loads in case of hold flooding result from 1.3 considering
Section 36, E.2.

5.3 Strength Criteria 5.3 Kriteria Kekuatan

5.3.1 Load case “operation” 5.3.1 Pembebanan “operasi”


With loads according to 5.2.1 the following permissible Dengan pembebanan sesuai 5.2.1 berikut adalah tegangan
stresses are to be used: yang diijinkan untuk digunakan:
180 180
σ v =√ σ N 2 +3 τ 2 ≤ [ N /mm2 ] σ v =√ σ N 2 +3 τ 2 ≤ [ N /mm2 ]
k k
150 150
σ N =normal stress , σ N ≤ [ N /mm2 ] σ N =tegangannormal ,σ N ≤ [ N /mm2 ]
k k
100 100
τ =shear s tress , τ ≤ [ N /mm2 ] τ =tegangan geser , τ ≤ [ N /mm2 ]
k k
k = material factor according section 2, B.2 k = material factor according section 2, B.2
If necessary Section 5,F.2. must be observed in addition. bila diperlukan Bab 5,F.2 harus diperhatikan dalam
penentuannya.

5.3.2 Load case "hold flooding" 5.3.2 Pembebanan “hold flooding


The thickness of webs must not be smaller than: Tebal dari gading tidak lebih kecil dari:
1000∙ Q 1000∙ Q
t W= +t [mm] t W= +t [mm]
τ perm ∙h W K τ perm ∙h W K

τ perm=727
√ √ Q
b ∙ hW
Q= shear force [kN]
( b2 R
)
ReH 1+ 0,75 2 ≤ eH [ N /mm2 ]
a 2,08
τ perm=727
√ √ Q
b ∙ hW
Q= gaya geser [kN]
( b2 R
)
ReH 1+ 0,75 2 ≤ eH [ N /mm2 ]
a 2,08

hW = height of web [mm] hW = tinggi gading [mm]


a,b = length of stiffeners of the unstiffened web fields, a,b = panjang penegar pada wilayah gading tak berpenegar
where hW ≥ b ≤a dimana hW ≥ b ≤a