There are some mistakes in the images and the answers maybe are not perfect.
Credits to:
djkimmion or whatever from equalsdotequals.blogspot.com
Any past year folio samples

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

161K tayangan

There are some mistakes in the images and the answers maybe are not perfect.
Credits to:
djkimmion or whatever from equalsdotequals.blogspot.com
Any past year folio samples

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2 @5a1
- Additional Maths Project Work 2 2011
- Additional Mathematics Project Work 3/2011 Scheme
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- Additional Mathematics Project Work 2/2012 in Sarawak
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- Additional Mathematics Project 4 2010
- Add-Maths-Project-Work-1-2012( english)
- Additional Mathematics Project 2012
- Add Maths Project
- Form 5 Add Math Project 2009
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Part I

Cakes come in a variety of forms and flavours and are among favourite desserts served

during special occasions such as birthday parties, Hari Raya, weddings and etc. Cakes are

treasured not only because of their wonderful taste but also in the art of cake baking and

cake decorating. Find out how mathematics is used in cake baking and cake decorating

and write about your findings.

Answer:

Geometry – To determine suitable dimensions for the cake, to assist in designing and

decorating cakes that comes in many attractive shapes and designs, to estimate volume of

cake to be produced

cake-baking, to estimate min. or max. amount of cream needed for decorating, to estimate

min. or max. size of cake produced.

dimensions, to estimate total ingredients needed for cake-baking, to estimate total amount

of cream for decoration.

Part II

Best Bakery shop received an order from your school to bake a 5 kg of round cake as

shown in Diagram 1 for the Teachers’ Day celebration. (Diagram 11)

1) If a kilogram of cake has a volume of 3800cm3, and the height of the cake is to be

7.0cm, calculate the diameter of the baking tray to be used to fit the 5 kg cake

ordered by your school.

[Use π = 3.142]

Answer:

3800 x 5 = (3.142)(d2)² x 7

190007(3.142) = (d2)²

863.872 = (d2)²

d2 = 29.392

d = 58.784 cm

2) The cake will be baked in an oven with inner dimensions of 80.0 cm in length, 60.0 cmin

width and 45.0 cm in height.

a) If the volume of cake remains the same, explore by using different values of heights,h

cm, and the corresponding values of diameters of the baking tray to be used,d cm.

Tabulate your answers

Answer:

First, form the formula for d in terms of h by using the above formula for volume of cake, V

= 19000, that is:

19000 = (3.142)(d/2)²h

19000(3.142)h = d²4

24188.415h = d²

d = 155.53h

1.0 155.53

2.0 109.98

3.0 89.80

4.0 77.77

5.0 68.56

6.0 63.49

7.0 58.78

8.0 54.99

9.0 51.84

10.0 49.18

(i) state the range of heights that is NOT suitable for the cakes and explain your answers.

Answer:

h < 7cm is NOT suitable, because the resulting diameter produced is too large to fit

into the oven. Furthermore, the cake would be too short and too wide, making it less

attractive.

(ii) suggest the dimensions that you think most suitable for the cake. Give reasons for your

answer.

Answer:

h = 8cm, d = 54.99cm, because it can fit into the oven, and the size is suitable for

easy handling.

(c)

(i) Form an equation to represent the linear relation between h and d. Hence, plot a

suitable graph based on the equation that you have formed. [You may draw your graph

with the aid of computer software.]

Answer:

19000/(3.142)h = d²4

24188.415h = d²

d = 155.53√h

d = 155.53h-12

Log h 0 1 2 3 4

Log d 2.19 1.69 1.19 0.69 0.19

(ii)

(a) If Best Bakery received an order to bake a cake where the height of the cake is 10.5

cm, use your graph to determine the diameter of the round cake pan required.

Answer:

(b) If Best Bakery used a 42 cm diameter round cake tray, use your graph to estimate the

height of the cake obtained.

Answer:

3) Best Bakery has been requested to decorate the cake with fresh cream. The thickness

of the cream is normally set to a uniform layer of about 1cm

(a) Estimate the amount of fresh cream required to decorate the cake using the dimensions

that you have suggested in 2(b)(ii).

Answer:

h = 8cm, d = 54.99cm

Amount of fresh cream = VOLUME of fresh cream needed (area x height)

Amount of fresh cream = Vol. of cream at the top surface + Vol. of cream at the side

surface

= Area of top surface x Height of cream

= (3.142)(54.992)² x 1

= 2375 cm³

= Area of side surface x Height of cream

= (Circumference of cake x Height of cake) x Height of cream

= 2(3.142)(54.99/2)(8) x 1

= 1382.23 cm³

(b) Suggest three other shapes for cake, that will have the same height and volume as

those suggested in 2(b)(ii). Estimate the amount of fresh cream to be used on each of the

cakes.

Answer:

base area = 190002

length x width = 2375

By trial and improvement, 2375 = 50 x 47.5 (length = 50, width = 47.5, height = 8)

= 2(Area of left/right side surface)(Height of cream) + 2(Area of front/back side surface)

(Height of cream) + Vol. of top surface

= 2(8 x 50)(1) + 2(8 x 47.5)(1) + 2375 = 3935 cm³

2 – Triangle-shaped base

base area = 2375

12 x length x width = 2375

length x width = 4750

By trial and improvement, 4750 = 95 x 50 (length = 95, width = 50)

Slant length of triangle = √(95² + 25²)= 98.23

Therefore, amount of cream

= Area of rectangular front side surface(Height of cream) + 2(Area of slant rectangular

left/right side surface)(Height of cream) + Vol. of top surface

= (50 x 8)(1) + 2(98.23 x 8)(1) + 2375 = 4346.68 cm³

3 – Pentagon-shaped base

base area = 2375 = area of 5 similar isosceles triangles in a pentagon

therefore:

2375 = 5(length x width)

475 = length x width

By trial and improvement, 475 = 25 x 19 (length = 25, width = 19)

= 5(area of one rectangular side surface)(height of cream) + vol. of top surface

= 5(8 x 19) + 2375 = 3135 cm³

(c) Based on the values that you have found which shape requires the least amount of

fresh cream to be used?

Answer:

Part III

Find the dimension of a 5 kg round cake that requires the minimum amount of fresh cream

to decorate. Use at least two different methods including Calculus. State whether you

would choose to bake a cake of such dimensions. Give reasons for your answers.

Answer:

Method 1: Differentiation

Use two equations for this method: the formula for volume of cake (as in Q2/a), and the

formula for amount (volume) of cream to be used for the round cake (as in Q3/a).

19000 = (3.142)r²h → (1)

V = (3.142)r² + 2(3.142)rh → (2)

From (1): h = 19000(3.142)r² → (3)

Sub. (3) into (2):

V = (3.142)r² + 2(3.142)r(19000(3.142)r²)

V = (3.142)r² + (38000r)

V = (3.142)r² + 38000r-1

0 = 2(3.142)r – (38000r²) -->> minimum value, therefore dVdr = 0

38000r² = 2(3.142)r

380002(3.142)= r³

6047.104 = r³

r = 18.22

h = 19000(3.142)(18.22)²

h = 18.22

therefore, h = 18.22cm, d = 2r = 2(18.22) = 36.44cm

Use the two same equations as in Method 1, but only the formula for amount of cream is

the main equation used as the quadratic function.

Let f(r) = volume of cream, r = radius of round cake:

19000 = (3.142)r²h → (1)

f(r) = (3.142)r² + 2(3.142)hr → (2)

From (2):

f(r) = (3.142)(r² + 2hr) -->> factorize (3.142)

= (3.142)[ (r + 2h2)² – (2h2)² ] -->> completing square, with a = (3.142), b = 2h and c = 0

= (3.142)[ (r + h)² – h² ]

= (3.142)(r + h)² – (3.142)h²

(a = (3.142) (positive indicates min. value), min. value = f(r) = –(3.142)h², corresponding

value of x = r = --h)

19000 = (3.142)(--h)²h

h³ = 6047.104

h = 18.22

19000 = (3.142)r²(18.22)

r² = 331.894

r = 18.22

therefore, h = 18.22 cm, d = 2r = 2(18.22) = 36.44 cm

I would choose not to bake a cake with such dimensions because its dimensions are

not suitable (the height is too high) and therefore less attractive. Furthermore, such

cakes are difficult to handle easily.

FURTHER EXPLORATION

Best Bakery received an order to bake a multi-storey cake for Merdeka Day celebration, as

shown in Diagram 2.

The height of each cake is 6.0 cm and the radius of the largest cake is 31.0 cm. The radius

of the second cake is 10% less than the radius of the first cake, the radius of the third cake

is10% less than the radius of the second cake and so on.(a)

Find the volume of the first, the second, the third and the fourth cakes. By comparing all

these values, determine whether the volumes of the cakes form a number pattern? Explain

and elaborate on the number patterns.

Answer:

radius of 2nd cake = 10% smaller than 1st cake

radius of 3rd cake = 10% smaller than 2nd cake

a = 31, r = 910

V = (3.142)r²h

Radius of 2nd cake = 27.9, vol. of 2nd cake = 14674.585

Radius of 3rd cake = 25.11, vol. of 3rd cake = 11886.414

Radius of 4th cake = 22.599, vol. of 4th cake = 9627.995

18116.772, 14674.585, 11886.414, 9627.995, …

(b) If the total mass of all the cakes should not exceed 15 kg, calculate the maximum

number of cakes that the bakery needs to bake. Verify your answer using other methods.

Answer:

Sn = (a(1 - rn)) (1 - r)

1 – 0.81n = 0.59779

0.40221 = 0.81n

og0.81 0.40221 = n

n = 4.322

therefore, n ≈ 4

REFLECTION

In the making of this project, I have spent countless hours doing this project.I

realized that this subject is a compulsory to me. Without it, I can’t fulfill my big

dreams and wishes….

From..

Monday,Tuesday,Wednesday,Thursday,Friday

1 28ve 980

ADDITIONAL

MATHEMATICS

(Cover the top part of the phrase “1 28ve 980”

From now on, I will do my best on every second that I will learn Additional Mathematics.

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