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Dearah Muar Biology f4 Mid Year Questions

Dearah Muar Biology f4 Mid Year Questions

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Answer all the question Jawab semua soalan 1 Diagram 1 shows the structure of a plant cell.

Rajah 1 menunjukkan struktur satu sel tumbuhan.

Diagram 1 / Rajah 1 Which of the following is found in the part labelled Z? Antara yang berikut, manakah dijumpai di bahagian Z? A Air Udara B Waste substances Bahan buangan C Starch suspension Ampaian kanji D Mineral salts solution and sugar Larutan garam mineral dan gula 2 The following statements describe an organelle, P Pernyataan di bawah menghuraikan tentang satu organel, P • Traps the energy from the sun Memerangkap tenaga dari matahari • Converts light energy into chemical energy Menukarkan tenaga cahaya kepada tenaga kimia What is organelle P? Apakah organel P? A Vacuole Vakuol B Chloroplasts Kloroplas C Golgi apparatus Jasad Golgi D Rough endoplasmic reticulum Jalinan endoplasma kasar

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Diagram 2 shows the structure of a type of plant cell. Rajah 2 menunjukkan struktur satu jenis sel tumbuhan.

Diagram 2 / Rajah 2 Which of the following accurately describes the cell and its location in the plant? Manakah antara berikut menerangkan dengan tepat lokasinya di dalam tumbuhtumbuhan. A B C D Cell that is dividing in the cell root meristem Sel yang sedang membahagi di sel meristem akar Leaf epidermis cell Sel epidermis daun Root hair cell Sel akar rambut Leaf mesophyll cell Sel mesofil daun

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Questions 4 and 5 refer to the cell structures listed below: Soalan 4 dan 5 merujuk kepada struktur sel yang disenaraikan berikut : P Q R S Plasma membrane/ Membran plasma Cell wall/ Dinding sel Cytoplasm/ Sitoplasma Vacuole/ Vakuol

Which two cell structures exist only in plant cells? Antara dua struktur berikut hanya wujud dalam sel tumbuhan? A P and Q only B P and R only C Q and R only D Q and S only

III dan IV sahaja D I. III and IV only I. III dan IV 7 The cell structure in which the process of food oxidation occurs is Struktur sel yang manakah berlakunya proses pengoksidaan makanan berlaku ialah A the chloroplast/ kloroplas B the mitochondrion/ mitokondria C the nucleus/ nukleus D the plasma membrane/ membrane plasma . which one cell structure has a selective permeability characteristic. II. manakah organel yang boleh dijumpai dalam sel haiwan? I Lysosome Lisosom II Cell wall Dinding sel III Cytoplasm Sitoplasma IV Plasma membrane Membran plasma A I and II only I dan II sahaja B I and IV only I dan IV sahaja C I. III and IV I. which allows water molecules and solutes to penetrate it but blocks the passage of bigger solute molecules? Dalam satu sel tumbuhan seperti sel epidermis bawang. struktur yang manakah membenarkan molekul air dan solut menembusinya tetapi menghalang molekul yang lebih besar daripada menembusinya? A B C D P Q R S 6 Which of the following organelles can be found in animal cells? Antara yang berikut.5 In a plant cell such as the onion epidermis cell. dua struktur sel berikut mempunyai ciri separa telap terpilih. II.

sel manakah mempunyai kepadatan mitokondrion yang tinggi di dalamnya? I Sperm cells Sel sperma II Flight muscle cells in birds and insects Sel otot sayap dalam burung dan serangga III Palisade mesophyll cell Sel mesofil palisad IV Liver cells Sel hati .8 Figure 3 shows an organelle found in the cell. Gambarajah 3 menunjukkan organel yang dijumpai dalam sel Figure 3 Which of the following statements about the organelle above is not true? Yang manakah penyataan berikut tentang organel di atas tidak benar? A Many are found in sperms Banyak dijumpai dalam sperma B Active during anaerobic respiration Aktif semasa respirasi anaerobik C Consists of two layers of membrane Mengandungi dua lapisan membran D Controls the release of energy in cells Mengawal pengeluaran tenaga dalam sel 9 The tissue that provides support for woody plants is Tisu yang memberikan sokongan untuk tumbuhan berkayu ialah A the cambium/ kambium B the epidermis/ epidermis C the phloem/ floem D the xylem/ xilem 10 Which of the following cells have a high density of mitochondria in its cell? Antara yang berikut.

II and III only I. II and IV only I. II dan IV sahaja 11 Which of the following organelle-function pairs are incorrectly matched? Antara yang berikut. manakah pasangan organel-fungsi yang dipadankan dengan salah? A Ribosome – Site of protein synthesis Ribosom – Tapak sintesis protein B Golgi apparatus – Controls the secretory activity of cells Jasad Golgi – Mengawal aktiviti rembesan sel C Lysosomes – Processes proteins from endoplasmic reticulum Lisosom – Memproses protein dari jalinan endoplasma D Nucleus – Controls and regulates all the activities of the cell Nukleus – Mengawal dan mengatur semua aktiviti sel Which of the following is a nervous tissue? Antara yang berikut.A I and II only I dan II sahaja B II and III only II dan III sahaja C I. manakah ialah satu tisu saraf? A 12 B C D . II dan III sahaja D I.

M. N dan O. 15 . N and O. Membentuk gentian gelendong semasa pembahagian sel. B Forms of spindle fibres during cell division. D Regulates all activities of the cell. manakah ialah fungsi sentriol? A Carries out photosynthesis. manakah turutan adalah betul mengenai peringkat dalam organisasi sel? A Cell → Tissue → Organ → System Sel → Tisu → Organ → Sistem B Cell → Organ → Tissue → System Sel → Organ → Tisu → Sistem C Tissue → Organ → Cell → System Tisu → Organ → Sel → Sistem D Tissue → Cell → Organ → System Tisu → Sel → Organ → Sistem Which of the following is the function centrioles? Antara yang berikut. Menjalankan fotosintesis. Diagram 4 / Rajah 4 Which cells are correctly matched to their functions? Sel manakah yang dipadankan secara betul dengan fungsinya? 14 Which of the following sequences is correct regarding the stages in cell organisation? Antara yang berikut. Rajah 4 menunjukkan tiga jenis tisu haiwan.13 Diagram 4 shows three types of animal tissues M. Mengawal semua aktiviti sel. Tapak sintesis protein. C Site of protein synthesis.

Facilitated diffusion/Resapan berbantu D. Absorption of oxygen from the water by fish Penyerapan oksigen dari air pada insang ikan D.16 Diagram 5 shows the movement of substance Q across the plasma membrane through process X Rajah 5 menunjukkan pergerakan bahan Q merentas membran plasma melalui proses X. Elimination of sodium ions by algae Penyingkiran ion natrium oleh alga 18 Molecules that can move easily through the plasma membrane by simple diffusion include: Molekul-molekul yang boleh bergerak melalui membran plasma dengan resapan ringkas termasuk: I water air II oxygen oksigen III carbon dioxide karbon dioksida IV fat-soluble vitamins vitamin larut lemak . Diagram 5 / Rajah 5 What is X? Apakah X? A. Movement of mineral salts from the soil to root hairs Pergerakan garam mineral dari tanah ke sel akar C. Osmosis/Osmosis B. yang manakah tidak melibatkan pengangkutan aktif? A. Simple diffusion/Resapan ringkas 17 Which of the following does not involve active transport? Antara yang berikut. Active transport/Pengangkutan aktif C. Absorption of potassium ions by animal cells Penyerapan ion kalium oleh sel haiwan B.

A. I and II only I dan II sahaja B. As membrane carriers to move substances across the plasma membrane by active transport. B. D. III and IV I. II dan III sahaja D I. Antara yang berikut. Untuk membentuk laluan protein bagi resapan berbantu. II. Which of the following shows the condition of the cell after 30 minutes? Suatu sel epidermis bawang diletakkan di dalam larutan sukrosa 40% selama 30 minit. II and III only I. C. . B. II and IV only II dan IV sahaja C I. yang manakah merupakan keadaan sel selepas 30 minit? A. Untuk menggabungkan protein dengan molekul-molekul fosfolipid. To join the proteins with phospholipids molecules. II. C. To stabilize the fluidity of the plasma membrane. III dan IV 19 What is the function of cholesterol molecules in the plasma membrane? Apakah fungsi molekul-molekul kolesterol dalam membran plasma? A. To form protein channels for facilitated diffusion of mineral ions. Sebagai pengangkut membrane untuk menggerakkan bahan-bahan melalui membran plasma dengan pengangkutan aktif. Untuk menstabilkan kececairan membran plasma 20 An epidermal cell of an onion is placed in a 40% sucrose solution for 30 minutes.

D. The results of the Benedict’s test and iodine test at the beginning and at the end of the experiment are shown in table. Which of the statement explain the phenomena? Pernyataan yang manakah menerangkan fenomena? A water molecules move out from the red blood cell molekul air bergerak keluar dari sel darah merah B water molecule move into the red blood cell molekul air bergerak masuk ke sel darah merah C glucose molecule move out from the red blood cell molekul glukosa bergerak keluar dari sel darah merah D glucose molecule move into the red blood cell molekul glukosa bergerak masuk ke sel darah merah 22 An experiment is carried out to study the movement of substances across the Visking tube. 21 Figure shows a red blood cell after has been immerse in a hypertonic solution. Test Ujian Benedict’s test Ujian Benedict Iodine test Ujian Iodin Colour of the liquid in boiling tube Warna cecair di dalam tabung didih Beginning of experiment End of experiment Awal eksperimen Akhir eksperimen Blue solution Brick red precipitate Larutan biru Mendakan merah bata Brown solution Brown solution Larutan perang Larutan perang . Keputusan dari ujian Benedict dan ujian iodin pada awal dan akhir eksperimen adalah ditunjukkan pada jadual. Rajah menunjukkan sel darah merah yang sudah direndam dalam larutan hipertonik. Satu eksperimen dijalankan untuk mengkaji pergerakan bahan-bahan melalui tiub Visking.

C or D. C The visking tube is permeable to both glucose and starch. Rajah 6 menunjukkan keadaan suatu sel tumbuhan selepas di masukkan ke dalam sejenis larutan selama 1 minit.What inference can be made from the experiment? Apakah inferensi yang boleh dibuat dari eksperimen? A The visking tube is permeable to glucose molecules. D The visking tube is not permeable to glucose and starch molecules Tiub visking tidak telap kepada molekul-molekul glukosa dan kanji. Tiub visking telap kepada molekul-molekul kanji. Diagram 6 / rajah 6 What process is taken place? Apakah proses yang berlaku? A. Tiub visking telap kepada molekul-molekul glukosa dan kanji. B The visking tube is permeable to starch molecules. yang manakah kepekatan sap sel ubi kentang tersebut? 24 Diagram 6 shows the condition of a plant cell after being immersed in a particular solution for 15 minutes. Crenation / krenasi . At which point A. Rajah ialah graf yang menunjukkan hasil eksperimen untuk menentukan kepekatan sap sel ubi kentang. Haemolysis / hemolisis B. Tiub visking telap kepada molekul-molekul glukosa. C or D. 23 Diagram is a graph showing the result of an experiment to determine the concentration of the cell sap of potatoes. B. B. is the concentration of the cell sap of the potatoes? Antara titik A.

Rajah 8 menunjukkan sel darah merah selepas diletakkan di dalam larutan X.1% larutan natrium klorida B. 0.5% Sodium chloride solution/0. Plasmolysis / plasmolisis D.85% larutan natrium klorida D.85% sodium chloride solution/0. Rajah 7 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji osmosis. Diagram 8 / rajah 8 What could be solution X? Apakah kemungkinan larutan X? A.5% larutan natrium klorida C. 0. Deplasmolysis / deplasmolisis Diagram 7 shows the apparatus set up to study osmosis. 10% sodium chloride solution/10% larutan natrium klorida 27 Diagram 9 shows the structure of the plasma membrane. 0. Diagram 9 / rajah 9 Which of the following statement is true about the plasma membrane? .25 C.yang manakah mungkin larutan X dan Y yang menyebabkan penambahan tertinggi dalam jisim kandungan dalam tiub visking? 26 Diagram 8 shows a microscopic red blood cell after being placed in solution X.1% Sodium chloride solution/0. Rajah 9 menunjukkan struktur membran plasma. Diagram 7 / rajah 7 Which of the following may be solutions X and Y resulting in the maximum increase in mass of the contents in th Visking Tube? Antara berikut..

Structure P is hydrophobic while structure Q is hydrophilic Struktur P ialah hidroforbik sementara struktur Q ialah hidrofilik C. Karbon dioksida dan molekul oksigen meresap melalui membran plasma menggunakan tenaga. Rajah menunjukkan tiub visking yang diisikan dengan air suling dan direndamkan ke larutan garam. 28 Figure shows the visking tube which filled with distilled water and soaked into salt solution.yang manakah benar? A. Glucose molecules can move across the plasma membrane with the help of structure S Molekul glukosa boleh bergerak melalui membran plasma dengan bantuan struktur S D. It allows all molecules to move across structure R.Antara pernyataan tentang membran plasma berikut. Ia membenarkan semua molekul bergerak melalui struktur R B. bikar Larutan garam Air suling Tiub Visking What is the observation after 20 minutes? Apakah pemerhatian selepas 20 minit? A Visking tube will swell Tiub visking akan berkembang B No change occurred Tiada perubahan yang berlaku C Visking tube will shrink Tiub visking akan mengecut D Visking tube will burst Tiub visking akan pecah The main components of a plant cell membrane are Komponen utama membrane sel tumbuhan ialah A Lipid and carbohydrate Lipid dan karbohidrat B Protein and carbohydrate Protein dan karbohidrat C Protein and lipid 29 . Carbon dioxide and oxygen molecules diffuse through the plasma membrane using energy.

Diagram 10 . lipid dan karbohidrat Diagram shows a substance moves across the phospholipid bilayer of a plasma membrane. Rajah menunjukkan satu bahan bergerak merentasi dwilapisan fosfolipid membran plasma. Rajah 10 menunjukkan satu unit asas bagi satu sebatian kimia dalam sel hidup. lipid and carbohydrate Protein.D 30 Protein dan lipid Protein. What is this substance? Apakah bahan ini? A Oxygen Oksigen B Glucose Glukosa C Sodium ion Ion natrium D Amino acid Asid amino 31 Which of the following elements is required by plants for the manufacturing amino acids? Manakah antara elemen berikut adalah diperlukan oleh tumbuhan bagi membina asid amino? A C Nitrogen Nitrogen Phosphorus Fosforus B D Magnesium Magnesium Manganese Manganese 32 Diagram 10 shows a basic unit of a chemical compound in a living cell.

Cholesterol and phospholipids are known as triglycerides. Kolesterol dan fosfolipid dikenali sebagai trigliserida. C. Saturated fats have one or more double bonds. Saturated fats contain more cholesterol than unsaturated fats. B. Lemak tepu terdapat satu atau lebih ikatan ganda dua. 34 35 36 .Rajah 10 Which chemical compound has the unit shown? Sebatian kimia yang manakah mengandungi unit yang ditunjukkan? A Lipid B Protein Lipid Protein C Lactic acid D Nucleic acid Asid laktik Asid nukleik 33 Which of these carbohydrates is insoluble in water? Karbohidrat yang manakah tidak larut dalam air? A Starch B Maltose Kanji Maltosa C Glucose D Galactose Glukosa Galaktosa Which of the following is not a polysaccharide? Manakah di antara berikut bukan satu polisakarida? A Maltose / maltosa B Cellulose / selulosa C Glycogen / glikogen D Starch / kanji X Amino acid + Amino acid dipeptide + water Asid amino + Asid amino dipeptida + air Y What is process X and Y? Apakah X dan Y? X Y A Hydrolysis Condensation Hidrolisis Kondensasi B Condensation Hydrolysis Kondensasi Hidrolisis C Hydrolysis Hydrolysis Hidrolisis Hidrolisis D Condensation Condensation Kondensasi Kondensasi Which of the following statements is true about fats and oils? Antara yang berikut yang manakah betul tentang lemak dan minyak? A.

Saturated fats are solids at room temperature (20°C) Lemak tepu wujud sebagai pepejal pada suhu bilik (20 °C) 37 Diagram 11 shows the action of a sucrase enzyme molecule on sucrose. Rajah 12 menunjukkan struktur molekul tiga kelas makanan. Diagram 11 Rajah 11 What are X and Y ? Apakah X dan Y ? A Glucose and Glucose Glukosa dan Glukosa C Glucose and Fructose Glukosa dan Fruktosa B Glucose and Maltose Glukosa dan Maltosa D Glucose and Galactose Glukosa dan Galaktosa 38 Diagram 12 shows the molecular structure of three food classes. Rajah 11 menunjukkan tindakan satu molekul enzim sukrase ke atas sukrosa.Lemak tepu mengandungi lebih banyak kolesterol berbanding dengan lemak tak tepu. . D.

Di bawah ialah empat jenis enzim .Diagram 12 Rajah 12 Which food classes do X.Amylase / Amilase 40 Which nutrient can be hydrolysed by all the four types of enzymes? Manakah di antara nutrient berikut yang boleh dihidrolisis oleh keempat-empat enzim di atas? A Lipid / Lipid B Protein / Protein C Carbohydrate / Karbohidrat D Mineral salt / Garam mineral Which enzyme needs an acidic medium for its reaction? Di antara enzim berikut yang manakah memerlukan keadaan medium berasid . Y dan Z? X Y Z A Lipid Carbohydrate Protein Lipid Karbohidrat protein B Protein Carbohydrate Lipid Protein Karbohidrat lipid C Protein Lipid Carbohydrate Protein Lipid Karbohidrat D Carbohydrate Protein Lipid Karbohidrat Protein Lipid 39 The following are four types of enzymes.Maltase / Maltase . Y and Z belong to? Apakah kelas makanan untuk X.Lactase / Laktase .Sucrase / Sukrase .

Rajah 13 menunjukkan bagaimana enzim berfungsi Diagram 13 Which property of an enzyme is shown in Diagram 13? Apakah sifat yang ditunjukkan oleh enzim dalam rajah 13? A Enzyme reaction is affected by pH Tindak balas enzim dipengaruhi oleh pH .untuk bertindakbalas? A Amylase / Amilase B Erepsin / Erepsin C Trypsin / Tripsin D Pepsin / Pepsin 41 Which of the following graphs best represents the effect of pH on the rate of reaction of enzymes secreted by the pancreas? Di antara graf berikut yang manakah paling baik menunjukkan kesan pH terhadap kadar tindak balas enzim yang dirembeskan oleh pankreas? 42 Diagram 13 shows how an enzyme works.

B C D 43 Enzyme reaction is specific Tindak balas enzim adalah khusus Enzyme structure changes at the end of reaction Struktur enzim berubah pada akhir tindak balas. Keputusan eksperimen diperolehi selepas 5 minit. Rajah 14 menunjukkan satu silinder penyukat yang mengandungi larutan albumen bercampur dengan pepsin pada suhu 10°C. Manakah di antara berikut menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen? A B C D . Enzyme reaction is affected by temperature Tindak balas enzim adalah dipengaruhi oleh suhu Diagram 14 shows a measuring cylinder containing albumen suspension mixed with pepsin at 10°C. Which of the following shows the result of the experiment? Eksperimen di atas diulangi pada suhu 37°C . Diagram 14 / Rajah 14 The experiment was repeated at 37°C. The result of the experiment was obtained after 5 minutes.

C or D represents the substrate? Rajah 15 menunjukkan pencernaan struktur molekul kompleks oleh suatu enzim. C atau D mewakili substrat itu? 45 Diagram 16 shows three structure of protein. B. Rajah 16 menunjukkan tiga struktur protein P Q R Diagram 16 Rajah 16 What are structure P. Q and R ? Apakah struktur P.Q dan R? P Q R . Which of the molecules A. B. Manakah antara molekul A.44 The Diagram 15 shows the breaking down of a complex molecule by by an enzyme.

A B C D 46 Primary Primer Quaternary Kuartenar Quaternary Kuartenar Secondary Sekunder Secondary Sekunder Primary Primer Secondary Sekunder Primary Primer Quaternary Kuartenar Secondary Sekunder Primary Primer Quaternary Kuartenar Diagram 17 shows a cell cycle. 2 n 2 n 47 2 n 2 n 2 n 2 n 2 n Diagram 18 / Rajah 18 Which of the following is the number of new cells produced after the cell undergoes mitosis three times? Antara yang berikut yang manakah bilangan sel-sel baru yang dihasilkan selepas . Rajah 17 menunjukkan satu kitar sel. Diagram 17 / Rajah 17 At which phase does cytokinesis take place? Pada fasa manakah berlakunya sitokinesis? A G1 C G2 B S D M Diagram 18 shows a cell which underwent mitosis twice. Rajah 18 menunjukkan sel yang menjalani mitosis sebanyak dua kali.

he observed a cell with cell plate beginning to form and nuclei reforming at opposite ends of the cell. Rajah 19 menunjukkan satu peringkat proses mitosis dalam sel haiwan. Dengan menggunakan mikroskop.sel menjalani mitosis sebanyak tiga kali? A B 2 6 C D 8 16 48 A student was given a slide of an unidentified organism. Using a microscope. 49 Diagram 19 / Rajah 19 Which of the following are the possibly other stages for this cell? Antara yang berikut. yang manakah adalah mungkin peringkat-peringkat lain bagi sel ini? . Yang manakah pernyataan berikut yang menjelaskan jenis sel yang diperhatikannya? A An animal cell in prophase Sel haiwan dalam profasa B A plant cell in prophase Sel tumbuhan dalam profasa C An animal cell in telophase Sel haiwan dalam telofasa D A plant cell in telophase Sel tumbuhan dalam telofasa Diagram 19 shows a stage of the mitosis process of an animal cell. Which of the following statements correctly identifies the kind of cell he had observed? Seorang pelajar telah diberi sekeping slaid satu organism yang tidak dikenalpasti. dia melihat satu sel yang mula membentuk plat sel dan nukleus terbentuk semula dikedua-dua hujung sel.

III and IV I. K – Shortening and thickening of chromosomes Kromosom menebal dan memendek L – Centrioles start to separate Sentriol mula berpisah M – Crossing over takes place Berlaku pindah silang N – Spindle fibres pull the centromere Gentian gelendong menarik sentromer Which of the above events take place during prophase I? .A B C D I and II I dan II I and III I dan III I. III dan IV II. Maklumat di bawah adalah mengenai peristiwa yang berlaku semasa pembahagian sel dalam satu sel haiwan. III and IV 50 The statements below show events which take place during cell division in an animal cell. III and IV II.

Antara yang berikut. yang manakah berlaku semasa profasa I? A B K and N K dan N L and M L dan M C D K and M K dan M M and N M dan N End of questions .

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