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DECATHLON

Decathlon adalah salah satu acara sukan


daripada bidang olahraga
10 acara decathlon ini adalah terdiri
daripada:
Larian
Lompatan
lontaran
SEJARAH DECATHLON
Sebelum 708 masihi, hanya mempunyai 5 acara
(Pentathlon).
berlari
lompat jauh
lempar cakera
rejam lembing
gulat
SEJARAH DECATHLON
Pada tahun 1904, Pentathlon sebagai acara
Sukan Olimpik.
Pada tahun 1924,acara sukan decathlon
diciptakan oleh orang Sweden, acara ini
bertanding selama 2 hari.
Tahun yang sama, Sukan Olimpik ke-8 telah
membatalkan acara Pentathlon, dan
digantikan oleh decathlon.
SEJARAH DECATHLON
Pada tahun 2001 Ogos, IAAF
telah menambahkan acara
decathlon perempuan.
DECATHLON (MEN)
Hari pertama:
100m
Lompat jauh
Lontar peluru
Lompat tinggi
400m
Hari kedua:
100m lari berpagar
Lempar cakera
Lompat bergalah
Rejam lembing
1500m
DECATHLON (WOMEN)
Hari pertama:
100m
Lempar cakera
Lompat bergalah
Rejam lembing
400m
Hari kedua:
100m lari berpagar
Lompat jauh
Lontar peluru
Lompat tinggi
1500m
DECATHLON
Markah decathlete adalah berdasarkan
setiap acara yang mereka menyertai,
dan akhirnya atlet bermarkah tertinggi
dikira menang.
Jadi, hanya decathlete yang mendapat
markah yang tinggi dalam setiap acara
(bukan mementingkan salah satu acara
sahaja) dianggap sebagai johan.
DECATHLON
Rekod dunia bermula pada tahun
1922.
Pada tahun 1972, pengiraan masa
decathlon dengan menggunakan
sistem elektronik.
DECATHLON
Tahun 1923-1934, pencapaian
markah decathlon antara 6000-7000.
Tahun 1936-1960, pencapaian
markah decathlon antara 7000-8000.
Tahun 1961-1980, pencapaian
markah decathlon telah pecah 8000
ke atas.
DECATHLON
Apabila memasuki 90-an, decathlon
berkembang dengan pesat, pencapaian
markah decathlon 8891.
28/05/2001
Decathlete Czech: Roman ebrle
Pecah rekod: 9026
Roman ebrle
He shocked the world with a new world
record of 9,026 points, marking the first
time (and as of 2010, the only time) a
decathlete has ever broken the illustrious
9,000 point barrier.
POINTS SYSTEM
The 2001 IAAF points tables use the
following formulae:
Points = INT(A*(B-P)C) for track events
Points = INT(A*(P-B)C) for field events
A, B and C are parameters that vary by
discipline, as shown in the table below,
while P is the performance by the athlete,
measured in seconds (running), metres
(throwing), or centimetres (jumping).
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Event
Points system
MAN
Points system
WOMEN
FIRST DAY
100 m 25.4347(18T)
1.81
17.8570(21T)
1.81
Long jump 0.14354(d-220)
1.4
0.188807(d-210)
1.41
Shot put 51.39(D-1.5)
1.05
56.0211(D-1.5)
1.05
High jump 0.8465(d-75)
1.42
1.84523(d-75)
1.348
400 m 1.53775(82-T)
1.81
1.34285(91.7-T)
1.81
SECOND DAY
110 m hurdles MAN
100 m hurdles WOMEN
5.74352(28.5-T)
1.92
9.23076(26.7-T)
1.835
Discus throw 12.91(D-4)
1.1
12.3311(D-3)
1.1
Pole vault 0.2797(d-100)
1.35
0.44125(d-100)
1.35
Javelin throw 10.14(D-7)
1.08
15.9803(D-3.8)
1.04
1500 m 0.03768(480-T)
1.85
0.03768(480-T)
1.85
T = seconds, D = meters, d = cm
DECATHLON
Here are some basic rules for decathlon sports:
1. There should be a time gap of 30 minutes between every
event.
2. The competitors get only three attempts each in long
jump, shot put, discuss and javelin.
3. Automatic timings should be used while timing the events
and games.
4. Only three fault attempts are granted to contestants in
running events.
5. All measurements should be made using steel tapes and
only metric measures are to be used.
6. A minimum of three players is required to start any event.
7. It is mandatory for the athletes to take part in all the ten
events.
8. The event score and the total score of each player must be
announced after each event.
9. The winner has to score the highest point at the scoring
table.
The total decathlon score for all world records in the respective events would be 12,544. The total decathlon
score for all the best performances achieved during decathlons is 10,485.
World records (WR) compared to decathlon bests (DB)
Event
WRWorld record/
DBDecathlon best
Athlete Record Score Difference
100m
WR Usain Bolt 9.58 s 1202
161
DB Chris Huffins 10.22 s 1042
Long jump
WR Mike Powell 8.95 m 1312
195
DB Erki Nool 8.22 m 1117
Shot put
WR Randy Barnes 23.12 m 1295
247
DB Edy Hubacher 19.17 m 1048
High jump
WR Javier Sotomayor 2.45 m 1244
183
DB
Rolf Beilschmidt &
Christian Schenk
2.27 m 1061
400m
WR Michael Johnson 43.18 s 1156
131
DB Bill Toomey 45.68 s 1025
110m hurdles
WR Dayron Robles 12.87 s 1126
82
DB Frank Busemann 13.47 s 1044
Discus throw
WR Jrgen Schult 74.08 m 1383
390
DB Bryan Clay 55.87 m 993
Pole vault
WR Sergey Bubka 6.14 m 1277
125
DB Tim Lobinger 5.76 m 1152
Javelin throw
WR Jan elezn 98.48 m 1331
291
DB Peter Blank 79.80 m 1040
1500m
WR Hicham El Guerrouj 3m 26.00s 1218
255
DB Robert Baker 3m 58.70s 963
Total
World record 12544
Decathlon 10485
HEPTATHLON
Heptathlon adalah salah satu acara sukan
daripada bidang olahraga
7 acara heptathlon ini adalah terdiri
daripada:
Larian
Lompatan
lontaran
HEPTATHLON HISTORY
The heptathlon has been contested by female
athletes since the early 1980s, when it replaced the
pentathlon as the primary women's combined event
contest (the javelin throw and 800 m were added).
It was first contested at the Olympic level in
the 1984 Summer Olympics. In recent years some
women's decathlon competitions have been conducted,
consisting of the same events as the men's
competition, and the IAAF has begun keeping records
for it.
But the heptathlon remains the
championship-level combined event for women.
Jessica Ennis is the current world champion.
HEPTATHLON HISTORY
There are two versions of the
heptathlon. The first is an
outdoor competition for women,
and the second is an indoor
competition for men.
HEPTATHLON (WOMEN)
First day:
100m hurdles
High jump
Shot put
200m
Second day:
Long jump
Javelin throw
800m
HEPTATHLON (MEN)
First day:
60m
Long jump
Shot put
High jump
Second day:
60m hurdles
Pole vault
1000m
Jackie Joyner-Kersee
1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, Korea, Joyner-Kersee
earned gold medals in both the heptathlon and the long jump. At the 1988
Games in Seoul, she set the still-standing heptathlon world record of
7,291 points. The silver and bronze medalists were Sabine John and Anke
Vater Behmer, both of whom were representing East Germany. Five
days later, Joyner won her second gold medal, leaping to an Olympic
record of 7.40 m (24 ft 3 14 in) in the long jump. an got the jesse owens
award
Jessica Ennis
Jessica Ennis (born 28 January 1986 in Sheffield) is a British
athlete specialising in multi-eventing disciplines and 100m
hurdles. A member of the City of Sheffield Athletic Club, she is
the current World and European heptathlon champion and world
indoor pentathlon champion.
POINTS SYSTEM
The scoring system was developed by Dr. Karl Ulbrich. The
events are split into three parts, where the scores are counted
according to the three formulae:
Running events (200m, 800m and 100m hurdles):
P = a * ( b T )
c
Jumping events (high jump and long jump):
P = a * ( M b )
c
Throwing events (shot put and javelin):
P = a * ( D b )
c
P is for points, T is for time in seconds, Mis for height/length in
centimeters and D is length in meters. a, band c have different
values for the each of the events. (see table)
Event a b c
200 meters 4.99087 42.5 1.81
800 meters 0.11193 254 1.88
100 metres hurdles 9.23076 26.7 1.835
High Jump 1.84523 75.0 1.348
Long Jump 0.188807 210 1.41
Shot Put 56.0211 1.50 1.05
Javelin Throw 15.9803 3.80 1.04
T = seconds, D = meters, d = cm
Event
Points system
WOMEN
100m hurdles 9.23076(26.70T)
1.835
High jump 1.84523(d-75)
1.348
Shot put 56.0211(D-1.5)
1.05
200m 4.99087(42.5T)
1.81
Long jump 0.188807(d-210)
1.41
Javelin throw 15.9803(D-3.8)
1.04
800m 0.11193(254T)
1.88
T = seconds, D = meters, d = cm
Event
Points system
MAN
60m 58.015(11.5T)
1.81
Long jump 0.14354(d-220)
1.4
Shot put 51.39(D-1.5)
1.05
High jump 0.8465(d-75)
1.42
60m hurdles 20.5173(15.5T)
1.92
Pole vault 0.2797(d-100)
1.35
1000m 0.08713(305.5T)
1.85
The total heptathlon score for all world records in the respective events would be 9,104. The total heptathlon
score for all the best performances achieved during heptathlons is 8,058.
World records (WR) compared to heptathlon bests (DB)
Event
WRWorld record/
DBDecathlon best
Athlete Record Score Difference
100m Hurdles
WR Yordanka Donkova 12.21 s 1246
64
HB Eunice Barber 12.62 s 1182
High Jump
WR Stefka Kostadinova 2.09 m 1359
161
HB Tia Hellebaut 1.97 m 1198
Shot Put
WR Natalya Lisovskaya 22.63 m 1378
363
HB Nataliya Dobrynska 17.29 m 1015
200m
WR Florence Griffith Joyner 21.34 s 1251
101
HB
Jackie Joyner Kersee 22.30 s 1150
Long Jump
WR Galina Chistyakova 7.52 m 1351
69
HB Heike Drechsler 7.32 m 1282
Javelin
WR Barbora Spotakova 72.28 m 1295
150
HB Tessa Sanderson 64.64 m 1145
800m
WR Jarmila Kratochvilova 1.53.28 1224
140 HB
Irina Belova 2.02.06 1084
Total
World record 9104
Heptathlon 8058