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The differences between Adsorption, Ion Exchange & Solvent Extraction Aditya Fahmi Haryadi 071378

Outline
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Preface Processes Media Ion Exchanger Mechanism Applications References

Preface
Recovery processes: ` Crystallization ` Adsorption ` Ionic Presipitation ` Precipitation by Metals ` Precipitation by Gases ` Ion Flotation ` Ion Exchange ` Solvent Extraction

Processes
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Adsorption ` Loading adsorbent ` Stripping (Recovery of metal values from adsorbent) Ion Exchange ` Sorption ` Elution Solvent Extraction ` Extraction ` Stripping
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Processes
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Loading adsorbent: Process of loading adsorbate into adsorbent. Stripping: Recovery of metal values from the adsorbent Sorption: The metal ion to be recovered leave the aqueous phase and enter the resin phase. Elution: Passing a small volume of a suitable solution that removes the metal ions completely from the resin. Extraction: The metal values in the aqueous phase are extracted by agitation with an organic solvent
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Media
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Adsorption : Adsorbent Activated carbon Charcoal Ion Exchange : Resin Cation & Anion Exchanger Solvent Extraction : Extractan Organic solvent

Note: To increase the adsorptive capacity of coal it is pretreated with acids to impart ion exchange properties to its surface.
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Media

Fig.1. Activated charcoal and Resin


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Ion Exchanger
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Anion Exchanger
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Adsorption : Ion Exchange : ` Inorganic : Kaolinite and apatite ` Organic : Polymerization of an aromatic amine formaldehyde. Solvent Extraction : RNH2 + HCL RNH3+ClRNH3+Cl- + A- RNH3+A- + Cl-

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Ion Exchanger
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Cation Exchanger
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Adsorption : Octyl pyrophosphoric acid ester Ion Exchange : ` Inorganic :Aluminosilicates, zeolites, montmorillonite ` Organic : Sulfonate coals, lignites, peat. Solvent Extraction : Monoalkyl phosphoric acid, dialkyl phosphoric acid, alkylpyrophosphoric acid

Mechanism
` Adsorption:

Physical adsorption theory ` Chemical complexes theory ` Electrochemical Mechanism


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Mechanism
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Ion Exchange

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Mechanism
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Solvent Extrraction

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Effect of mixture
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Ion Exchange : ` If a dry resin is used to absorb a mixture solution, the resin will absorb all of the components. Solvent Extraction : (Extractant mixture) ` If the extractant is mixed with diluent, the extraction will increase.

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Application
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Adsorption : Adsorption of gold and silver from cyanide solutions. Ion Exchange : ` Recovery of metal values from leach solution, e.g., uranium and vanadium ` Separation of closely related metals from a leach solution, e.g., cobalt and nickel, hafnium and zirconium, rare earths, niobium and tantalum, and the platinum metals.

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Application
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Solvent Extraction: ` Recovery of a metal from leach solution ` Separation of two or more closely related metals. ` Purification of a leach solution, i.e., removal of an unwanted impurity such as iron

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References
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Habashi, Fathi. 1980. Principles of Extractive Metallurgy Volume 2. Science Publisher : Paris http://www.remco.com/ix.htm http://www.lenntech.com/library/adsorption/adsorption.ht m

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Thank you

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