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Soal Pondasi 7

Soal Pondasi 7

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Dipublikasikan oleh Mus Selli Tendrita

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Published by: Mus Selli Tendrita on Jul 07, 2011
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07/07/2011

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laluDiketahui : soal terlihat pada gambar.

+ 3 , 1 0
+ 2 , 5 0
+ 0 , 8 0
- 2 , 8 0
- 6 , 3 0
- 1 5 , 1 0
- 1 9 , 5 0
- 0 , 2 0
- 1 6 , 8 0
L a p 2 : ? m = 1 , 2 4 t / m ³ ; ? = 8 ; c = 6 t / m ²
0
L a p 3 : ? m = 1 , 1 0 t / m ³ ; ? = 0 ; c = 0 t / m ²
0
L a p 4 : ? m = 0 , 9 2 t / m ³ ; ? = 1 1 ; c = 0 , 4 8 t / m ²
L a p 5 : ? m = 0 , 7 0 t / m ³ ; ? = 4 ; c = 1 , 2 0 t / m ²
0
L a p 6 : ? m = 0 , 7 4 t / m ³ ; ? = 8 ; c = 1 , 4 0 t / m ²
L a p 7 : ? m = 1 , 3 0 t / m ³ ; ? = 8 ; c = 1 , 4 0 t / m ²
0
0
0
L a p 2
? m = 1 , 7 4 t / m ³
? = 2 7
c = 0
0
Ditanya :
- Hitung tekanan tanah aktif
- Hitung tekanan tanah pasif
- Perhitungan momen
- Perhitungan lenturan
- Perhitungan sudut lenturan
- Apa kesimpulannya, jika besar pergeseran yang terjadi 19 cm
1
Penyelesaian :
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$
' " $ x ( x #% x #% x )&
$
* #% + #% x 1(&
$
" ,,&%) x 1&
(
cm
-
. "
# (
#9$&&&& 1& &%) , ,
1(&
1
cm x x =
a. Perhitungan tekanan tanah aktif

/A " tg
$
0-%
&
1 ϕ2$3 1 $c2h.tg
$
0-%
&
1 ϕ2$3

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7ap
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6.h
/umulatif
-%
&

8
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6.h.4a
$c.6.4a
5a
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3 4.h 0t2m
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3 $ 0t2m
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3
1& " 9(
1
* #,1& ),, 11,)) 11,)) #1,%
&,#,
) -,#(# & -,#(#
* $,%& &,) 1,&-- 1$,,& #1,%
&,#,
) -,,,) & -,,,)
* &,(& 1,,& $,9%( 1%,)) #1,%
&,#,
) %,((( & %,(9
$
* &,(& & & 1%,)) -1
&,,%
) 11,(#9 11,$% &,%9
&,$& 1,&& 1,$- 1),9& -1
&,,%
) 1$,,,) 11,$% 1,%#
#
&,$& & & 1),9& -% 1 1),9&& & 1),9&
$,(& $,)& $,() 19,,) -% 1 19,,)& & 19,,)
-
$,(& & & 19,,) #9,%
&,),
9 1#,-1, &,(( 1$,%#
),#& #,% #,$$ $$,9( #9,%
&,),
9 1%,)&# &,(( 1-,,$
%
),#& & & $$,9( -#
&,()
9 19,9,& 1,-) 1(,%1

1%,1
& (,(& ),1) $9,1- -#
&,()
9 $%,#$# 1,-) $#,()
)

1%,1
& & & $9,1- -1
&,,%
) $$,&#& 1,%, $&,-)

1),(
& 1,,& 1,$%( #&,-& -1
&,,%
) $$,9(1 1,%, $1,-1
$
,

1),(
& & & #&,-& -1
&,,%
) $$,9(1 $,,% $&,$#

19,%
& $,,& #,%1 ##,91 -1
&,,%
) $%,)#- $,,% $$,((
b. Perhitungan tekanan tanah pasif

/P " tg
$
0-%
&
* ϕ2$3 1 $c2h.tg
$
0-%
&
* ϕ2$3

/A " 4p * $c2h . 4a

5a " 6 . h . /P " 6 . h . 4p * $c . 6 . 4p
7ap
Peil h 6.h /umulatif
-%
&

8
4a
6.h.4a
$c.6.4a
5a
0m3 0m3 0t2m
$
3 4.h 0t2m
$
3 $ 0t2m
$
3 1& " 9*(
1
* #,1 & &,&& &,&& %(,% $,))# &,&&& & &,&&&
* $,% &,) 1,&-- 1,&- %(,% $,))# $,,(& & $,,(&
* &,( 1,,& $,9%( -,&& %(,% $,))# 1&,)%, & 1&,)%,
$
* &,( & & -,&& -9 1,#$# %,$9% 19,)9 $-,9(1
&,$ 1,&& 1,$- %,$- -9 1,#$# ),9#% 19,)9 $),)$1
#
&,$ & & %,$- -% 1 %,$-$ & %,$-$
$,( $,)& $,() (,1& -% 1 (,1&$ & (,1&$
-
$,( & & (,1& %&,% 1,-,$ 11,9$) 1,#& 1#,$$)
),# #,% #,$$ 11,#$ %&,% 1,-,$ 1),))) 1,#& 1,,9))
%
),# & & 11,#$ -, 1,1% 1#,&$& 1,9# 1-,9%$
1%,1 (,(& ),1) 1,,-( -, 1,1% $&,1&- 1,9# $$,&#)
)
1%,1 & & 1,,-( -9 1,#$# $#,1$9 $,,- $%,(,&
1),( 1,,& 1,$) 1(,,- -9 1,#$# $-,,9# $,,- $,,%#-
,
1),( & & 1(,,- -9 1,#$# $-,,9# -,($ $9,)&9
19,% $,,& #,%1 $$,$% -9 1,#$# $9,-#, -,($ #-,$%$
#
7ap /edalaman 5a 5p 5h " 5a5p
1
* #,1 -,#(# &,&&& -,#(#
* $,% -,,,) $,,(& 1,99)
* &,( %,(9 1&,)%, -,,)9
$
* &,( &,%9 $-,9(1 $-,#91
&,$ 1,%# $),)$1 $%,&9-
#
&,$ 1),9& %,$-$ 11,)%(
$,( 19,,) (,1&$ 11,)%(
-
$,( 1$,%# 1#,$$) &,)9$
),# 1-,,$ 1,,9)) #,$-)
%
),# 1(,%1 1-,9%$ #,%%,
1%,1 $#,() $$,&#) 1,($)
)
1%,1 $&,-) $%,(,& %,-&,
1),( $1,-1 $,,%#- ),1$&
,
1),( $&,$# $9,)&9 9,#(&
19,% $$,(( #-,$%$ 11,#,&
Perhitungan 9ekanan 9anah
H
1
" 12$ x ),, x -,#(# x 1$ " 1,),$1# ton
H
$
" 12$ x &,) 0-,## * 1,99)3 x 1$ " $$,9)% ton
H
#
" 12$ x &,%&$ x 1,99) x #,9% " 1,9,9 ton
H
-
" 12$ x 1,19( x -,,)9 x #,9% " 11,$( ton
H
%
" 12$ x 1,& 0$-,#91 * $%,&9-3 x #,9% " $9),91# ton
H
)
" $,)& x 11,)%( x #,9% " 119,,$( ton
H
,
" 12$ x #,% 0&,)9$ * #,$-)3 x #,9% " $,,$$# ton
H
(
" 12$ x (,( 0#,%%, * 1,($)3 x #,9% " 9#,%, ton
-
H
9
" 12$ x 1,, 0%,-&, * ),1$&3 x #,9% " #(,,& ton
H
1&
" 12$ x $,, 09,#(& * 11,#,3 x #,9% " 11&,)-, ton
c. Perhitungan :omen
H " H
1
* H
$
" 1,),$1# * $$,9)% " 199,1,( ton
: " H
1
. $,$# * H
$
. &,##, 1 ; 0#,1( 1 $,%3
: " 1,),$1# . $,$# * $$,9)% . &,##, 1 -99,)) 0#,1( 1 $,%3
" )&,9#% t2m
:
1
" : " )&,9#% t2m
:
$
" H

. $$,& " 199,1,( x $$,& " -#(1,9$ t2m
:
#
" H
#
. $1,($, " 1,9,9 x $1,($, " -#,$& t2m
:
-
" H
-
. $&,)99 " 11,$( x $&,)99 " $##,-( t2m
:
%
" H
%
. 19,,9, " $9),91# x 19,,9, " %(,,,99 t2m
:
)
" H
)
. 1(,& " 119,,$( x 1(,& " $1%%,1& t2m
:
,
" H
,
. 1-,%, " $,,$$# x 1-,%, " #9),)- t2m
:
(
" H
(
. 9,$, " 9#,%, x 9,$, " (),,#9 t2m
:
9
" H
9
. #,%# " #(,,& x #,%# " 1#),)1 t2m
:
1&
" H
1&
. 1,# " 11&,)-, x 1,# " 1-#,(- t2m
:total " 1-%$,## t2m
Perhitungan 7uas <idang :omen
1. )&,9#% + $$,& " 1#-&,%,
2. = + -#(1,9$ + $$ " -($&1,1$
3. = + -#,$& + $1,($, " -,1,-)
4. = + $##,-( + $&,)99 " $-1),-&
5. = + %(,,,99 + 19,,9, " %(1(#,$(
). = + $1%%,1& + 1( " 19#9%,9
%
,. = + #9),)- + 1-,%, " $((9,%$
(. = + (),,#9 + 9,$, " -&$&,#%
9. = + 1#),)1 + #,%# " $-1,1$
10. = + 1-#,(- + 1,# " 9#,%&
>b "
$
#
2 1& . 9) $$% )-&& ? )-&& cm kg bk = = σ
>b " 9,) x 1&
-
kg2m
$
d. Perhitungan lenturan
cm m S $1,, , & 1& ,, , $1
&%) , , 1& 9)
11 1#-&,%,
-
-
1
= × =
× ×
×
=

cm m S - , 1& 1&- , &
&%) , , 1& 9)
1-,), -($&1,1$
-
$
= =
× ×
×
=
cm m S 1&( , & &&1&( , &
&%) , , 1& 9)
1%,%# -,1,-)
-
#
= =
× ×
×
=
cm m S %$ , & &&%$ , &
&%) , , 1& 9)
1-,)( $-1),-&
-
-
− = − =
× ×
×
=
cm m S () , 1# 1#() , &
&%) , , 1& 9)
1),1- %(1(#,$(
-
%
− = − =
× ×
×
=
cm m S 9) , - &-9) , &
&%) , , 1& 9)
1,,## 19#9%,9
-
)
= =
× ×
×
=
cm m S #, , ( &(#, , &
&%) , , 1& 9)
19,)$ $((9,%$
-
,
= =
× ×
×
=
cm m S #, , 1 &1#, , &
&%) , , 1& 9)
1% , # $ -&$&,#%
-
(
= =
× ×
×
=
cm m S 9) , & &&9) , &
&%) , , 1& 9)
,9( ) $ $-1,1$
-
9
− = − =
× ×
×
=
cm m S #, , & &&#, , &
&%) , , 1& 9)
,9( ) $ 9#,%&
-
1&
− = − =
× ×
×
=
e. Perhitungan sudut lenturan
rad
#
#
1
1& 9,9 , 1
&%) , , 1& 9)
1#-&,%,

× =
× ×
= θ
)
rad S
#
#
$
1& ,11 , &
&%) , , 1& 9)
-($&1,1$

× =
× ×
=
rad S
-
#
#
1& 9) , )
&%) , , 1& 9)
-,1,-)

× =
× ×
=
rad S
#
#
-
1& %), , #
&%) , , 1& 9)
$-1),-&

× − =
× ×
=
rad x S
#
#
%
1& &() , &
&%) , , 1& 9)
%(1(#,$(

− =
× ×
=
rad x S
#
#
)
1& &$() , &
&%) , , 1& 9)
19#9%,9

=
× ×
=
rad S
#
#
,
1& $)) , -
&%) , , 1& 9)
$((9,%$

× =
× ×
=
rad S
#
#
(
1& 9#% , %
&%) , , 1& 9)
-&$&,#%

× =
× ×
=
rad S
-
#
9
1& %) , #
&%) , , 1& 9)
$-1,1$

× − =
× ×
=
rad S
-
#
1&
1& #( , 1
&%) , , 1& 9)
9#,%&

× − =
× ×
=
7enturan pada bagian atas 7andhofd
1 . &,$1,, * 1,9,9 + 1&
#
+ ,#& " #,)$ cm
2 . 1&,- * &,,1 + 1&
#
+ ,#& " 1&,9$ cm
3 . 1,&( * ),9) + 1&
-
+ ,#& " 1,%( cm
4 . &,%$ * #,%), + 1&
#
+ ,#& " #,1$ cm
5 . 1#,() * &,&() + 1&
#
+ ,#& " 1#,9$ cm
6 . -,9) * &,&$() + 1&
#
+ ,#& " -,9( cm
7 . (,#, * -,$$) + 1&
#
+ ,#& " 11,-% cm
8 . 1,#, * -,$)) + 1&
#
+ ,#& " -,-( cm
9 . (,#, * #,%) + 1&
-
+ ,#& " (,)$ cm
10 &,#, * 1,#( + 1&
-
+ ,#& " &,-, cm
9otal " 1&,9 cm
,
f. /esimpulan
Pergeseran yang terjadi pada 7andhofd 19 cm, pergeseran menurut
perhitungan 1&,9 cm, jadi perhitungan secara teoritis tidak sesuai dengan
kenyataan, dengan demikian pergeseran 7andhofd disebabkan oleh tekanan
tanah aktif.
(

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