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METHODS OF STUDYING HUMAN BEHAVIOR

A. THREE- LEVEL MODEL (I-G-O)


1. 2. 3. Milton proposes a model of studying human behavior at three levels; These three levels of analysis are also proposed by Hunsaker and Cook. Dimensions of study and their corresponding level of analysis INDIVIDUAL - Undergraduate Program- 1st Level GROUP Masters Program- 2nd Level ORGANIZATION Doctoral Program- 3rd Level

B.

INTERDISCIPLINARY MODEL
Human behavior in organization is inter and multi disciplinary. Various theories and concepts from other disciplines are integrated to contribute to its better understanding. Various Sciences that contribute to the understanding of Human Behavior. Shows the behavioral sciences that contribute insights into the study of human behavior at three levels as depicted by Galileo S. Fule. Although it is difficult to dichotomize the impact at the individual, group, and organization levels , stress and focus are greatest at each level as pointed out. a) b) Individual Level Psychology - (knowledge of Perception), Motivation, Learning. Personality,

Physiology/ Anatomy gives information/principles on the body how it works. Group Level Sociology offers insights into roles, norms, authority, power, influence, status . (i.e. social work, education) Organization Level -

c)

Anthropology culture and artifacts are main contribution in the study behavior in the organization.( i.e economics, business,law, medicine)
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C.

DEVELOPMENTAL MODEL
People grow and move on to higher levels of resourcefulness, creativity, competency, and self- realization through proper maintenance, recognition and development programs. Keith and Davis call this Human Resources (supportive) Approach. Significant components of an Organization. These basic and potent needs are recognized and fulfilled by the organization which considers them as the central resource in any organization and any society. These six components in turn, affect the individual who alters his behavior in a context, which he, himself has created. a) PEOPLE are the main crux and heart of the organization. PHILOSOPHY Mission, Goals, Objectives and Aims. FUNDS Equity, Borrowings, Loans. VALUES Needs, Motivation, Work ethic. STRUCTURE Organization chart, Roles, Tasks, Responsibilities. FACILITIES Land, Buildings, equipment, supplies. TECHNOLOGY Processes, knowhow. (knowledge of Perception), Motivation, Learning. Personality,

D.

SYSTEMS MODEL
A social system is a complex and dynamic set of relationships among its actors interacting with one another.

An organization is a social system consisting of various parts at its subsystems. The systems posits that these parts are interdependent and interrelated with each other. As illustrated by Fule, the organization is viewed as an open system with internal and external factors impinging on its subsystems making it very fluid, tenous, dynamic and complex.

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OPEN SOCIAL SYSTEMS MODEL

COMMUNITY AND ENVIRONMENT

STRATE GIC SUBSYST EM


ADMINIST RATIVE SUBSYSTE M

OPERATI NG SUBSYST EM

ORGANIZATION

E.

CONTINGENCY MODEL
The varied factors in each problematic situation may constitute a unique condition. Every problem must be studied and analyzed in light of complex factors that may be highly interrelated with each other. The approach to use therefore is contingent on variables prevailing particularly where problems are highly people-related.

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SYSTEM AFFECTED BY FACTORS IN THE PRODUCTION PROCESS

INPUTS
GOALS FUNDS PEOPLE MATERIALS TIME INFORMATION

PROCESS
Transformation process Technology Leadership Communication Power Authority Conflicts Relationships Interaction Influence

OUTPUT
Goods Services Individual energy Motivation Information

Put in various quantity and quality.

Measured and evaluated in quantity and quality.

PO3 ALLAN T DE GUZMAN, RN


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