Anda di halaman 1dari 2

Applied Science BTEC Nationals/Chemical Laboratory Techniques/PV...

1 of 2

"PVC is typically composed of resins, stabilisers, pigments and plasticisers. Plasticisers soften the polymer, aid in the manufacturing process and provide form and function to various PVC materials. Plasticisers may account for 30-35 % of the PVC formulation."[1] "Traditionally, plasticisers (Such as dioctyl adipate (DOA), trioctyl phosphate (TOP), dioctyl phthalate (DOP) and trioctyl trimellitate (TOTM)) are extracted from PVC using a 6 hour Soxhlet method and identified using IR spectrometry or gas chromatography."[1]

evaporated to dryness and then redissolved in dichloromethane (methylene chloride).[1]

The solvent used during extraction can be petroleum ether[1] or cyclohexane[2]. Extracts were By simply refluxing with solvent some, but not nearly 100% of the plasticisers can be extracted. See w:Plasticizer for a good summary of why different plasticisers are chosen. The octyl group is attached at its CH2 end to the position marked R in the structures below:
Octyl group

Phosphate ester

Adipate

Phthalate

Trimellitate

For example:

DiOctyl Adipate

7/10/2011 5:53 PM

Applied Science BTEC Nationals/Chemical Laboratory Techniques/PV...

2 of 2

1. a b c d [1] (http://www1.dionex.com/en-us/webdocs/4477_AN336_V23.pdf) 2. BTEC specification Retrieved from "http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Applied_Science_BTEC_Nationals /Chemical_Laboratory_Techniques/PVC_Extract" This page was last modified on 13 June 2009, at 02:06. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of Use for details.

7/10/2011 5:53 PM