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Abstract

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Published by: Yokita Janarthanan on Aug 02, 2011
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ABSTRAK Bronkopneumonia adalah peradangan akut pada paru-paru yang mengenai satu atau beberapa lobus.

Bronkopneumonia merupakan penyumbang kematian balita di dunia sekitar 1,6-2,2 juta balita dengan proporsi 19%. Untuk mengetahui karakteristik penderita bronkopneumonia rawat inap di Rumah Sakit Santa Elisabeth Medan tahun 2005-2009, dilakukan penelitian deskriptif dengan desain case series. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh balita yang di rawat inap di Rumah Sakit Santa Elisabeth Medan Tahun 2005-2009 sebanyak 293 orang, jumlah sampel adalah seluruh populasi. Analisa statistik dilakukan dengan uji Chi-Square dan t-test. Hasil penelitian diperoleh trend kunjungan penderita bronkopneumonia berdasarkan data tahun 2005-2009 menunjukkan penurunan dengan persamaan garis Y= 16,6-X. Proporsi berdasarkan sosiodemografi yaitu kelompok umur 2-11 bulan 48,5%, sex ratio168%, dan Kota Medan 71,0%. Bronkopneumonia berat 28,0%, jumlah kunjungan berulang satu kali 94,1%, gizi buruk 4,2%, imunisasi tidak lengkap 82,9%, pendidikan ayah dan ibu SLTA dan Akademi/PT masing –masing 42,9% dan 42,1%, pekerjaan ayah pegawai swasta 39,1%, ibu rumah tangga 45,5%, jumlah anak orang tua tiga 60,0%, anak ke tiga 60,0%, lama rawatan rata-rata 4,70 hari, dan meninggal 4,8%. Tidak ada perbedaan proporsi yang bermakna antara umur berdasarkan derajat bronkopneumonia (p=0,213), jenis kelamin berdasarkan derajat bronkopneumonia (p=0,500), status imunisasi berdasarkan derajat bronkopneumonia (p=0,604), derajat bronkopneumonia berdasarkan keadaan sewaktu pulang (p=0,423). Proporsi derajat bronkopneumonia sedang secara bermakna lebih tinggi pada status gizi baik dibandingkan bronkopneumonia berat (79,7% vs 65,4% ; χ2=6,471 ; p=0.039. Lama rawatan rata-rata penderita bronkopneumonia berat secara bermakna lebih lama daripada bronkopneumonia sedang (5,40 hari vs 4,43 hari; t=-2,909; p=0,004). Pihak rumah sakit memberikan pengarahan tentang bronkopneumonia serta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya kepada orang tua.

Kata Kunci : Bronkopneumonia, Karakteristik Balita Penderita

Universitas Sumatera Utara

Duration of treatment an average weight of patient with severe bronchopneumonia was significant longer than was medium bronchopneumonia (5. the number of visit over onetime 94.5%. p=0. the third children 60. mother and father education high school and the Academy/PT respectively 42. housewives 45.ABSTRACT Bronchopneumonia is an acut inflammation of the lung.0%.5%.43 days. severe malnutrition 4. Proportion based on sociodemographic 2-11 months in the age group 48. Toddler Patient Characteristics Universitas Sumatera Utara . the immunization status based on the degree of bronchopneumonia (p=0.2 million toddler with proportion 19%. private employee’s father 39.2%.0%.423).70 days. and died 4. Result obtained by decreasing trend line equation Y=61. t=-2. To determine the characteristic of bronchopneumonia patient hospitalized at Santa Elisabeth Hospital Medan in 2005-2009.9%.8%. sex ratio 168%.40 days vs 4. degree of bronchopneumonia based on the circumstances when the home (p=0.6 to 2.1%. Severe bronchopneumonia 28.6-X.0%.500).471 .909. There was significant difference in proportion between the ages based on the degree of bronchopneumonia (p=0.7% vs 65.1%. Bronchopneumonia is a contributor to toddler mortality in the world around 1.039). incomplete immunization 82. conducted the a descriptive study with a Case Series design.0%. and Medan city 71.4%. parents of three children 60.1%. Population and sample amounted to 293 toddler (total sampling). which is affected several lobes. Propotion medium bronchopneumonia was significant very advanded in good nutrient than severe bronchopneumonia (79. Data collected from medical records analyzed the data using Chi-Square test and t-test. Keywords: Bronchopneumonia.604).004) The hospital is expected to provide guidance about bronchopneumonia and the factors influencing it to parents. p=0. χ2=6.9% and 42. treatment on average 4.

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