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Penggunaan Bahan Kod E dalam FnB

Pengenalan tentang kod 'E' E- bererti EC (European communities) E-Kod nombor yang diberikan kepada bahan-bahan additif dalam makanan. Sebahagian 'Kod E' ini diharamkan di sesetengah negara. Di United Kingdom kod emulsifiers yang tidak disertai dengan huruf E juga diterima tetapi tidak dibenarkan di sesetengah negara lain. 'Kod E' ini dikategorikan sebagai berikut:'Kod E' Additif Makanan 100-180 Pewarna 200-252 Preservatif 260-297 Pengasid (Acidities) 300-385 Anti oksidan 400-429 Penebal (Thickeners) 430-499 Emulsifiers 620-640 Penggalak Rasa 950-967 Pemanis Status Halal: Status Halal hanya diberikan kepada bahan-bahan (ingredien) yang diperolehi 100% bahan mentah yang halal tanpa menggunakan alkohol (arak). Ia adalah bahan berasal dari bahan tumbuhan dan kimia. Haram: Bahan yang diperolehi daripada sumber binatang atau menggunakan sumber arak. Semua binatang yang tidak disembelih mengikut Islam juga haram meskipun ia binatang yang halal dimakan kerana nama Allah tidak disebut semasa penyembelihan. Kesemua produk hasilan (by product) yang tidak disembelih juga dianggap haram. By product daripada Khinzir juga haram. Masybuh atau Syubahat (Ragu): Status syubahat diberikan kepada Kod E sekiranya sumbernya tidak diketahui sama ada dari tumbuhan atau binatang serta kekurangan maklumat tentang penggunaan bahan asas yang bersumberkan arak. Ada setengah negara tidak mensyaratkan bahan proses pembantu yang dimasukkan bahan pengawet dsbnya. KOD E YANG HARAM : Bahan-bahan E di bawah dikira sebagai Haram: 1. E 120: Cochineal (warna merah dari serangga) mengikut Mazhab Hanafi 2. E 441: Gelatin, jika sumber dari khinzir 3. E 542: Edible Bone Phosphate jika sumber dari khinzir Maklumat di atas cukup berguna untuk barangan makanan yang diimpot. Bagi makanan keluaran tempatan, sila semak dengan pengeluar. Kebiasaannya negara kita mengikut British atau American Standard untuk tujuan coding atau measurement. Adalah dinasihatkan menyemak terlebih dahulu jika kurang yakin. Amaran: Tidak semua bahan adalah 100% asli. Bahan tersembunyi atau bahan pembantu pemerosesan juga ditambah untuk membantu menyurai, mencampur atau memproses bahan makanan dalam sesuatu sistem makanan. Kebiasaannya bahan tersembunyi ini tidak dicatatkan bersama bahan-bahan yang digunakan dalam makanan sebagaimana yang tertera pada pembungkusan produk kerana ia di bawah peratusan kurang dari 2% yang dibenarkan. Makanan impot umpamanya Beta Kerotin tidak 100% tetapi hanya 98% dan 2% lagi mungkin minyak sayuran atau gelatin ikan. Inilah masalah kita yang perlu kita sahkan bahan tersembunyi yang perlu dipantau

Carotene E160c Capsanthin / Capsorbin Color. E1401 Modified Starch A starch modified by chemicals. stabilizer. Diharapkan maklumat ini berguna untuk anda menyemak ingredien pada makanan yang diimpot dan juga tempatan. E141 Copper Complex of Chlorophyll Color E142 Green S / Acid Brilliant Green BS Color E150(a-d) Caramel Color/with chemicals Color E151 Black PN / Brilliant Black BN Color E1520 Propylene Glycol A petroleum based humectant.Carotene E160b Annatto.Carotene Ethyl ester of Beta-apo-8E160f Color . Beta. Colors Color X E120 / ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? / / ? ? / ? / ? ? ? ? / ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Color A starch based thickening. Carbon Black / Vegetable Carbon E153 Color (Charcoal) E154 Brown FK Colors E155 Brown HT Colors E160a Alpha.Carotene E160d Lycopene Color .Carotene cartonoic acid E161a Flavoxanthin Color E161b Lutein Color E161c Cryptoxanthin Color . E1200 Polydextrose humectant. Halal only if the solvents are Halal. Norbixin Color . E122 Carmoisine / Azorubine Color E123 Amaranth Color E124 Ponceau 4R / Cochineal Red A Color E127 Erythrosine BS Color E128 Red 2G Colors E131 Patent Blue V Color E132 Indigo Carmine / Idigotine Color E133 Brilliant Blue FCF Colors E140 Chlorophyll Color E1400 Dextrin A starch based thickening agent. Gamma Color .Carotene E160e Beta-apo-8-carotenal Color . Halal ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Kod E100 E101 E102 E103 E104 E105 E107 E110 Name Curcumin/Turmeric Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Tartrazine Chrysoine Resocinol Quinoline Yellow Fast Yellow AB Yellow 2G Sunset Yellow FCF / Orange Yellow S Cochineal / Carminic Acid Category Color Color Color This is coloring E-Number but Halal only if the solvents are Halal Color A coloring agent. Bixin.oleh JAKIM terutamanya pengeluar bukan Islam.

other Hexamine Preservative . Sodium Preservative Salt Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate Preservative Propyl 4-hydroxybenzoate.Inorganic Iron Oxides and Hydroxides Color . Preservative Sodium Salt Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate Preservative Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate.Inorganic Sorbic Acid Preservative Soduim Sorbate Preservative Potassium Sorbate Preservative Calcium Sorbate Preservative Benzoic Acid Preservative Sodium Benzoate Preservative Potassium Benzoate Preservative Calcium Benzoate Preservative Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate Preservative Ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate.other Potassium Nitrate Preservative Sodium Nitrite Preservative Sodium Nitrate Preservative Potassium Nitrate(Saltpetre) Preservative . Biphenyl / Diphenyl Preservative 2-Hydroxybiphenyl Preservative Sodium Biphenyl-2-yl Oxide Preservative 2-(Thiazol-4-yl) Benzimidazole Preservative Nisin Preservative .? ? ? ? ? ? ? / / / / / ? / / / / / / / ? ? ? ? ? ? ? / / / / / / ? / ? ? ? ? / / / / / / E161d E161e E161f E161g E162 E163 E170 E171 E172 E173 E174 E175 E180 E200 E201 E202 E203 E210 E211 E212 E213 E214 E215 E216 E217 E218 E219 E220 E221 E222 E223 E224 E226 E227 E228 E230 E231 E232 E233 E234 E239 E249 E250 E251 E252 Rubixanthin Color Violaxanthin Color Rhodoxanthin Color Canthaxanthin Color Beetroot Red / Betanin Color Anthocyanins Color Calcium Carbonate (Chalk) Color .Inorganic Gold Color .Inorganic Pigment Rubine / Lithol Rubine BK Color .Inorganic Silver Color .Inorganic Aluminium Color . Preservative Sodium Salt Sulphur Dioxide Preservative Sodium Sulphite Preservative Sodium Hydrogen Sulphite Preservative Sodium Metabisulphite Preservative Potassium Metabisulphite Preservative Calcium Sulphite Preservative Calcium Hydrogen Sulphite Preservative Potassium Hydrogen sulphite A preservative.Inorganic Titanium Dioxide Color .

Salts of Lactic Acid Miscellaneous .Vitamin C and derivatives Natural Extracts rich in Tocopherols Antioxidants.Acids Preservative.Acids Preservative.Tartaric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Acids and their Salts Antioxidants.other Antioxidants.Tartaric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .other Emulsifiers and Stabilizers Miscellaneous .Salts of Lactic Acid Miscellaneous .Acids Miscellaneous .Vitamin E Antioxidants./ / / / ? / / ? / / / / / / / ? ? ? ? ? ? / ? ? / ? ? ? ? ? ? / / / ? ? ? ? ? / / / E260 E261 E262 E263 E270 E280 E281 E282 E283 E284 E290 E296 E297 E300 E301 E302 E304 E306 E307 E308 E309 E310 E311 E312 E315 E320 E321 E322 E325 E326 E327 E330 E331 E332 E333 E334 E335 E336 E337 E338 E339 E340 Acetic Acid Potassium Acetate Sodium Acetates Calcium Acetate Lactic Acid Propionic Acid Sodium Propionate Calcium Propionate Potassium Propionate Boric acid Carbon Dioxide Malic Acid Fumaric Acid L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) Sodium-L-Ascorbate Calcium-L-Ascorbate Ascorbyl Palmitate Antioxidants.Acids Prservative or acid regulator Miscellaneous .Citric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .other Antioxidants.Citric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Acids Preservative .Phosphoric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Vitamin C and derivatives Antioxidants.Vitamin C Antioxidants.Acids Preservative.Vitamin C and derivatives Antioxidants.Salts of Lactic Acid Miscellaneous .Phosphoric Acid and its Salts .Citric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Citric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Phosphoric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Vitamin E Antioxidants.Acids Miscellaneous .other Antioxidant.Acids and their Salts Miscellaneous . Miscellaneous Miscellaneous . Antioxidants.Tartaric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .other Antioxidants.Tartaric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Vitamin E Synthetic Alpha-Tocopherol Synthetic Gamma-Tocopherol Synthetic Delta-Tocopherol Propyl Gallate Octyl Gallate Dodecyl Gallate Erythorbic acid Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) Lecithin Sodium Lactate Potassium Lactate Calcium Lactate Citric Acid Sodium Citrates Potassium Citrates Calcium Citrates Tartaric Acid Sodium Tartrates Potassium Tartrates (Cream of Tartar) Potassium Sodium Tartrates Orthophosphoric Acid Sodium Phosphates Potassium Phosphates Miscellaneous .Vitamin E Antioxidants.Acids Preservative.

Alginates Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .4-Heptonolactane Nicotinic Acid Triammonium Citrate Ammonium Ferric Citrate Calcium Disodium EDTA Alginic Acid Sodium Alginate Potassium Alginate Ammonium Alginate Calcium Alginate Propane-1.Salts of Malic Acid Miscellaneous .other plant gums Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .? / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / ? / / / / / / / / / / / ? / ? ? ? ? ? ? E341 E350 E351 E352 E353 E355 E363 E370 E375 E380 E381 E385 E400 E401 E402 E403 E404 E405 E406 E407 E410 E412 E413 E414 E415 E416 E420 E421 E422 E425 E430 E431 E432 E433 E434 E435 Calcium Phosphates Sodium Malate Potassium Malate Calcium Malate Metataric Acid Adipic Acid Succinic Acid 1.2-Diol Alginate Agar Carrageenan Locust Bean Gum (Carob Gum) Guar Gum Tragacanth Gum Acacia (Gum Arabic) Xanthan Gum Karaya Gum Sorbitol Mannitol Glycerol Konjac Polyoxyethane (8) Stearate Polyoxyethane (40) Stearate Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan / Polysorbate 20 Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan Mono-oleate / Polysorbate 80 Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan Monopalmitate / Polysorbate 40 Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan Monostearate / Polysorbate 60 Miscellaneous .other plant gums Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Salts of Malic Acid Miscellaneous .Salts of Malic Acid Miscellaneous . Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Fatty Acid derivatives Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Fatty Acid derivatives Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Salts of Malic Acid Miscellaneous .Salts of Malic Acid Miscellaneous .Fatty Acid derivatives Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Fatty Acid derivatives Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Fatty Acid derivatives Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Salts of Malic Acid Miscellaneous .other plant gums Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Alginates Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Salts of Malic Acid Miscellaneous .other plant gums Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Alginates Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Salts of Malic Acid Miscellaneous .Phosphoric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Salts of Malic Acid Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .other plant gums Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .other plant gums Emulsifiers and Stabilizers Sugar Alcohols Sugar Alcohols Sugar Alcohols A gum.Alginates Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .other plant gums Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Alginates Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Salts of Malic Acid Miscellaneous .Salts of Malic Acid Miscellaneous .Alginates Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Fatty Acid derivatives .

salts or Acids Esters of Fatty Acids Polyglycerol Esters of Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Pectin and derivatives Gelatin from Zabiha slaughtered animal is considered Halal.salts or Glycerol and Propane-1.salts or Calcium Stearoyl-2-Lactylate Esters of Fatty Acids Emulsifiers and Stabilizers . Sodium Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .salts or Salts of Fatty Acids Esters of Fatty Acids Mono-and Diglycerides of Fatty Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .2-Diol Esters of Fatty Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Cellulose Ethylmethylcellulose and derivatives Carboxymethylcellulose.salts or Diglycerides of Fatty Acids Esters of Fatty Acids Monoand diacetyl tartaric acid Halal only if it is obtained from plant fat.c E460 E461 E463 E464 E465 E466 E470 E471 E472 E472e E473 E474 E475 E476 E477 E478 E481 E482 E483 E491 Sodium and Potassium Phosphates Miscellaneous and Polyphosphates Microcrystalline / Powdered Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .salts or Polycondensed Esters of Caster Esters of Fatty Acids Oil Propane-1. esters of mono & diglycerides Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .salts or Sucroglycerides Esters of Fatty Acids Polyglycerol Esters of Fatty Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .salts or Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids Esters of Fatty Acids Emulsifiers and Stabilizers . Potassium and Calcium Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Cellulose Hydroxypropyl-Methylcellulose and derivatives Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .salts or Acids Esters of Fatty Acids Lactylated Fatty Acid Esters of Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .b.Cellulose Hydroxypropylcellulose and derivatives Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Cellulose Salt and derivatives Sodium.Fatty Acid derivatives Emulsifier and Stabilizer .2-Diol Esters of Fatty Acids Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .? / / E436 E440a E440b Polyoxyethane (20) Sorbitan Tristearate / Polysorbate 65 Pectin Amidated Pectin Gelatin X E441 / / / / / / / ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? E450a. .salts or Sodium Stearoyl-2-Lactylate Esters of Fatty Acids Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .salts or Sorbitan Monostearate Esters of Fatty Acids Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Cellulose Cellulose and derivatives Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Pectin and derivatives Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .salts or Acids Esters of Fatty Acids Various Esters of Mono-and Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .salts or Stearyl Tartrate Esters of Fatty Acids Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Cellulose Methylcellulose and derivatives Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .

Acids and Salts: Sulphuric Acid Sulphuric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Acids and Salts: Hydrochloric Acid Hydrochloric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Acids and Salts: Ammonium Chloride Hydrochloric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .other Salts Potassium Ferrocyanide Miscellaneous .Anti-Caking Agents Ammonium Polyphosphates Miscellaneous .salts or Sorbitan Mono-oleate Esters of Fatty Acids Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .salts or Sorbitan Monolaurate Esters of Fatty Acids Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Alkalis Magnesium Hydroxide Miscellaneous .Acids and Salts: Calcium Sulphate Sulphuric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Acids and Salts: Magnesium Sulphate Sulphuric Acid and its Salts Sodium Hydroxide Miscellaneous .? ? ? ? / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / ? ? / / E492 E493 E494 E495 E500 E501 E503 E504 E507 E508 E509 E510 E513 E514 E515 E516 E518 E524 E525 E526 E527 E528 E529 E530 E535 E536 E540 E541 E542 E544 E545 E550 Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Alkalis Potassium Hydroxide Miscellaneous . Sorbitan Tristearate .Acids and Salts: Sodium Sulphate Sulphuric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Alkalis Ammonium Hydroxide Miscellaneous .Acids and Salts: Magnesium Carbonate Carbonates Miscellaneous .Acids and Salts: Potassium Sulphate Sulphuric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .Acids and Salts: Bicarbonate Carbonates Miscellaneous .Alkalis Magnesium Oxide Miscellaneous .other Salts Edible Bone Phosphate (BoneMiscellaneous .other Salts Sodium Aluminium Phosphate Miscellaneous .Anti-Caking Agents Meal) Calcium Polyphosphates Miscellaneous .Acids and Salts: Ammonium Carbonate Carbonates Miscellaneous .Alkalis Calcium Hydroxide Miscellaneous .other Salts Dicalcium Ferrocyanide Miscellaneous .Alkalis Calcium Oxide Miscellaneous .Acids and Salts: Potassium Chloride Hydrochloric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .salts or Sorbitan Monopalmitate Esters of Fatty Acids Sodium Carbonate / Sodium Miscellaneous .Acids and Salts: Bicarbonate Carbonates Potassium Carbonate / Potassium Miscellaneous .salts or Esters of Fatty Acids Emulsifiers and Stabilizers .Anti-Caking Agents Sodium Silicate A anticaking agent.Alkalis Sodium Ferrocyanide Miscellaneous .Acids and Salts: Calcium Chloride Hydrochloric Acid and its Salts Miscellaneous .

other compounds Miscellaneous .Compounds used to treat Flour Miscellaneous .Glazing Agents Miscellaneous .Flavour Enhancers Miscellaneous .other compounds Miscellaneous .Flavour Enhancers Miscellaneous . A sweetener.Compounds used to treat Flour Miscellaneous .Flavour Enhancers Miscellaneous . it is Halal in USA.other compounds Miscellaneous . Halal only if obtained from Halall sources.Flavour Enhancers Miscellaneous .Silicon Salts Miscellaneous .Silicon Salts Miscellaneous .Flavour Enhancers A flavor enhancer.other compounds Miscellaneous .other compounds Miscellaneous .Glazing Agents Miscellaneous .Glazing Agents Miscellaneous .Flavour Enhancers Miscellaneous .other compounds Miscellaneous . . it is Halal certified from a German company. Miscellaneous .Compounds used to treat Flour Miscellaneous .Glazing Agents Miscellaneous .Silicon Salts Miscellaneous . A flavor enhancer.Compounds used to treat Flour Miscellaneous .Flavour Enhancers Miscellaneous .Silicon Salts Miscellaneous .other compounds Miscellaneous . Miscellaneous .Silicon Salts Miscellaneous ./ / / / ? / / ? ? / / / / ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? / / / / / ? / ? / ? / / / / / / / E551 E552 E553 E554 E556 E558 E559 E570 E572 E575 E576 E577 E578 E620 E621 E622 E623 E627 E629 E630 E631 E635 E636 E637 E900 E901 E903 E904 E905 E907 E913 E920 E924 E925 E926 E927b E951 E953 E954 Silicon Dioxide (Silica Salt) Calcium Silicate Magnesium Silicate / Magnesium Trisilicate (Talc) Aluminium Sodium Silicate Aluminium Calcium Silicate Bentonite Kaolin (Aluminium Silicate) Stearic Acid Magnesium Stearate Glucono Delta-Lactone Sodium Gluconate Potassium Gluconate Calcium Gluconate L-Glutamic Acid Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) Monopotassium Glutamate Calcium Glutamate Sodium Guanylate Calcium Guanylate Inosinic acid Sodium Inosinate Sodium5-Ribonucleotide Maltol Ethyl Maltol Dimethylpolysiloxane Beeswax Carnauba Wax Shellac Mineral Hydrocarbons Refined Microcrystalline Wax Lanolin L-Cysteine Hydrochloride Potassium Bromate Chlorine Chlorine Dioxide Carbamide Aspartane Isomalt Sacharin Miscellaneous .other compounds Miscellaneous .Glazing Agents It is from sheep wool and obtained without slaughtering the sheep.Flavour Enhancers Miscellaneous . Halal only if obtained from Halall sources.Compounds used to treat Flour A synthetic swetener.Flavour Enhancers Miscellaneous .Flavour Enhancers Miscellaneous . A synthetic sweetener.

Halal if obtained from Halal lactose and lactic acid A sweetener. . A sweeteber./ ? E965 E966 Maltitol Lactitol / E967 Xylitol Penunjuk: / Halal X Haram ? Syubahat/masybuh Tags: kod e A sweetener and humectant.