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Reynaldo, Alma V.

IV-7 BEEd Historical Perspective on the Philippines Special Education 1902 1907 1926 1927 1945 1949 1950 1953 The interest to educate Filipino children with disabilities was expressed through Mr. Fred Atkinson, the General Superintendent of Education. Special Education was formally started in the country by establishing the Insular School for the Deaf and Blind in Manila. The Philippine Association for Deaf was founded. The government established the Welfareville Childrens Village, a school for people with mental retardation in Mandaluyong. The National Orthopedic Hospital School for the Crippled Children and Youth is established . Quezon City Science High School was inaugurated for gifted students. PAD opened a school for the children with hearing impairment The Elshie Gaches Village was established in Alabang to take care of the abandoned and orphaned children and youth with physical and mental handicaps. The first week of August was declared as Sight Saving Week. Special classes for the deaf in regular class were implemented. The Bureau of Public Schools of the Department of Education and Culture created the Special Education Section of the Special Subjects and Service Education. The American Foundation for Overseas Blind opened its regional office in Manila. Some private college and universities started to offer special education courses on graduate school curriculum The Manila Youth Rehabilitation Center was opened. With the approval of R.A. No. 3562, the training of DEC teacher scholars for blind children started at the Philippine Normal University.

1954 1956 1957

1958 1960 1962 1963

1965 1967 1969 1970 1971 1973 1974 1975 1977 1978

Marked the start of training programs for school administrators on the supervision of special classes held at UP The Bureau of Public Schools organized the National Committee on Special education Classes for socially maladjusted children were organized at the manila Youth Reception Center Training of teacher for Children with behaviour problems started at the University of the Philippines DECS issued a memorandum on Duties of the Special Education Teachers for the blind The juvenile and domestic Relations Court of Manila established the Tahanan Special School for the socially maladjusted children and youth. The First National Conference in the Rehabilitation of the Disabled was held at the Social Security Building. The Division of Manila City Schools implemented the Silahis Concept of Special Education in public elementary schools. ME C issued Department Order No. 10 that designated regional and division supervisors of special education programs Marked the creation of the National Commission Concerning Disabled Persons later renamed as the National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons. The Bureau of Elementary Education Special Education unit conducted a two-year nationwide survey if unidentified exceptional children who were in school. The School for the Crippled Children at the Southern Island Hospital in Cebu City was organized. The United States Assemble proclaimed the observance of the international year of the disabled children Batas Pambansa enacted the Accessibility Law, an act to enhance the nobility of the disabled persons by requiring cars, building, institutions, establishments and public utilities to install facilities and other devices

1979

1980 1981 1983

1990 1991 1992 1993 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

The Philippine institute for the Deaf, an oral school for children with hearing impairment was established The First National Congress on Street Children was held at La Salle Greenhills in San Juan Metro Manila The summer training for teacher of the visually impaired started at the Philippine Normal University DECS issued Order No. 14 that directed regional officers to organize the Regional Special Education Council (RESC) The summer training for teachers of the hearing impaired was held at PNU Third week of January was declared as Autism Consciousness week The first wheelaton-a-race for wheelchair users was the main event on the National Disability prevention and Rehabilitation Week DECS order No. 5 Reclassification of Regular tear and principal items to SPED teacher and special schools principal item DECS order no. 33 Implementation of administrative order no. 101 directing the Department of Public Works and highways, the DECS and the CHED to provide architectural facilities or structural feature for disabled persons in all state college, universities and other buildings