Anda di halaman 1dari 51

r

n Fe
:p jn e r u fn
(9)
p Ro n en G
p n p TH

.()
o rMn pH
m np n pd G kQU
o r nLG
r G

r
n n Hp n nY o cG
.() rMn n pH
m np nc rNn
m b
........................

........................

........................

........................

........................

r `L
r GkOG nYr nCG r o cG
.() p rMn n nY p n J
....................................................
....................................................
42
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

n r s J (10)
:p n dH

``

`K

`
`
`

``
``
``

`K
`K
`K

r
r n MGh
:s Jh
r rCGn bG

:ndnJn o`sdG b

(114 :jBG ,W IQS)

43
``HdG ``dG



n ndG
n
.n Jp n Mn a p bG
G
s gC
r
o
n
.
p p r Mn f
p dG
.
p p r Mn n Hn n cp
p dG
k
.IjL
c

.Ln
p f pjp U
n


o H
p LCr G ep
o n s dG
p s dGh o e
.
s
p dG

onen p br nCG
.
p bn rhnCG nMr nCG


j ``SQ``dG G```g ``j````f ``a
p
:CG Y GQOb
j CG d
k

onen o ng rPnCG
.p nS nQ r ndG ndpEG

onen n
o dr nCG

jL IAGb SQdG nCGj


k
.U
n
n p r jn
k r fo ``
```
p ``M
p dG
.
k p U
n
k``Hn cp ``
n
r
o
n jn
p r Mn ``
p dG
k
.p U
n
r
n
n
n
n
`````H
```TCG ```````
jn
s
p
n
.
p n p dG
r
n
.n r dGh
On n dG
n
o
s n jn

.S
p rQ sdG n rnH
44
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG


s r Uh
:p r n Ke p r n L c
p CGbG (1)

.bn rhnCG MCr G onen p br nCG

.S
p rQ sdG n rnH onen n
o dr nCG

.p nS nQ r ndG dEG onen o ng rPnCG

.p nS nQ r ndG dEG onen o ngPr nCG

.S
p rQ sdG n rnH onen n
o dr nCG

.bn rhnCG MCr G onen p br nCG

:
p r Uh
p rCGbG (2)
p n dc

p br nCG

pjp U
n

n
o dr nCG

p br nCG

pjp U
n

o ngPr nCG

o ng rPnCG

n
o dr nCG

45
``HdG ``dG

n n r dG
:IQ
o p Up (3)
n dH
t

.p nS nQ r ndG dEG o nne


o ngPr nCG

. pbn rhnCG nMC


r G o nne p br nCG

.S
p rQ sdG n rnH o nne
o ndr nCG

r (4)
n s n Jn h rCGn bG
:n
n p dG
s n n p dG

.p nS nQ r ndG ( H - co - dEG ) onen o ng rPnCG


.b rhnCG ( H - Mr nCG - dEG ) onen p br nCG
.( Ln
p f - p bnr dG - p nS nQ r ndG ) pjp U
n
46
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

n p Ju Qn (5)
:k n r Lo nu n o d
p n p dG

.o ngPr nCG - onen - p nS nQ r ndG - dpEG G


............................................................
.
p bn rhnCG - p br nCG - Mr nCG - onen
............................................................
. onen - n rnH - S
p rQ sdG - n
o dr nCG `L
............................................................
r (6)
n r dG
:
n o cG
p s dG
n b

.` ......f `......`jp U
n G
.p nS nQ r ndG d ...... o nne
o ng rP......
r M
:r p fr Gh
p (7)

n
n n Ln
l aG

l nnLn

47
``HdG ``dG

o
lrLo

lLo nQ

p
n
l r Lp

lnLp

n nrHn s pe
n bs
p dG
n r ndG p p cCr G (8)
:( r - p - o - n) :p r S
n dG

i`.....`e

`.....`Y

H`.....EGp

`.....Q
:dH
J
(9)
r
p

`
`
`

``
``
``

`L
`L
`L

48

FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

:p n dp s dG Qp n dG
t p Yn v n Tn u Y (10)

r (11)
n Fe
.() M n Yn o p n Jn dG
p Ro A
n n Sr nCG co PG

...............................................................
...............................................................

49
``HdG ``dG

:
QhRQR MCG :T


.jdGdG M
s
.dG jJ

n
kIAG````b `p `````````dG IAG`````
n
`b
k
.U


o H
p LCr G ep
o n s dG
p s dGh o e
.
s
p dG

```````````Hp nCG snC


```
p r ` ndG u
o Wn

`````Hp nCG `
t Mp oCG
`````````
l
o nY

``````` pe rnf ah

ip r U
n ah

` ueoCG ``j p r Yp

:````````````u nZoCG

```````````` p nun oe

`` pd ` pnr Jh

r `` k pFGnO
`` pbnh

```````````o
r na


```j SQ``dG G``g ```jf `a
:CG Y GQOb
j CG d
k

.FeR
e ndG n u j
p
n
n `````j
n````jh
h``
````dG `
u
.c
m
kIAG`````b n``````````dG nCG````````j
k
.U
k
Hc
dG
c
j

n
p
p
k
.U
k.IjL GOe
n j

m
s
n
n
``j``dGh ``````a ``
s ```````j
.p p u eh
. kYe ndG n u oj

50
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG


: ns dG p p cr nCG (1)

pHnCG ................

................t Mp oCG

...............u
o Wn

````````````````````````````````
l
o nY

```````````````````` pe rnf ``````ah


`````````` ueoCG `````j ```````
p
r Yp

....................
:`````````````````````````````````u nZoCG

```````````````````````````````` p nu e
r
````````````````````````````````````` pbh

d.................
............. oa

r (2)
:() p r dG
p n jo en ( G ) p r dG
s e o S
s e U

on
r j

p n
r J

u nZoCG

pHCG t Mp oCG

p nu n oe

l Y
o osfnC

r
pbh

ueoCG j Y
p

:dG
a c LC
r G (3)
p

. ueoCG pg
p

n
.``` pHnCG G```g

. pue.........

.un oe Gg

. pNr oCG pp ng

.Np nCG......
:dJ
o G b

(15:MCG IQS)

:dG

rCGbG
r
:r s Jh MGh

51
``HdG ``dG


n n r Hn s ep p cr nCG (1)
:p r S
n dG

( nfnGC - o nr f - p br nCG )
. pNr oCGh ...................
o pnd G
. mQh o oS a o nnr f .................
.p bnr dG s co onen ................. `L
n r dG
:dG e
n p p cCr G (2)
p s dG
n b

.....`fQ.....

.....``.....

L`.....O

S.....`a
52

FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

n FeR
:
e GTH
(3)
p o dG
p
p
s
t J () eY V
p p dG

:dc p `jn en cC
p G (4)

p nS nQ rne
p nun oe
...........
p nSG s oc

l nS nQ rne
...........
n
l pc
...........

:dG

53
``HdG ``dG

:n dc
p p cr nCG (5)

l no Mo
G
.......
l nSG sco

.......

Il nr Mo

nl pWn

.............

l LG
n sQnO

:dG

:n dp s dG h
o n ep
p dG
m n Hp oCGr Jn
m n p cn
p ng (6)

( - - - - CG)
............................................................
.(Hp n Mr nCG) np fn Fe
p Ro n en u Zn (7)
:p jn en r u fn h b
dEG p u n eo r ep r p n SG
m
r (8)

n pFen Ro nne u en
.p
s dG
p nQG nh rOnCG

r
.p dG
s
nr
n HCG r co PG

r (9)
n n Hp n Yn o cG
n
:IMdG a n s J dG
p n p dG
m b
........................

........................

........................

........................

r (10)
x n Hp r o cG
:
m p Ln

.p nS nQ r ndG dn EGp j
p p U
n nne
o gn Pr nCG
......................................................
54
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG


`j CG `d `j IMdG g jf a
:CG Y G kQOb


. p nS nQ rne k rgnCG -1
.
p sp dG t nT -2
. l p nS lYp -3
. oQn r fn s ng -4
.Il p nS Il nRLn pEG -5
.H sdG :f -6
55

nCGj
k
k
k
.Ie
jL
IAGb
ShQdG
n
k
.U
f
(Q -P - O - - ) hM
n
j
n

k
k
k
.U
Hc
(Q - P - O - - ) hM
n
j
n

.dG
p
H
p
nTCG
n sj
k
.IjL
GOe
m
j
n

.dG
p
gCG nQ uj
.(fh fCG) nFdG
n sj
n
n
.dG
p
Y adG
p
gC
G Qj

.SdH
p
MG
p
GOB
n G
n sj
.Y adGh
p
pIdG gCG
n sj
.(g - Gg) pIQTEG ASCG H nj
n
.e pIOaEG ch bdG
p
gC
G nQ uj
.Hch
p
jM
p
a dGh
pOdG nU nj
p
``HdG ``dG



n
.AdG
M
f

p
p
n
.AdG M
Hc
p
n
FdG
H
ae
p
p
.(f - fnCG)
n
.dG gC
G
k.IjL GOe

l p Ln p pHne
.

o
o
.JdG
GQdG

.lIjL pn pMn

S
p nQ rdG dEG o ng rPnCG
.
p nUr C G nne

: mQh oS a
o of
. p nS nQ rne k rgnCG

j ``SQ``dG G```g ``j````f ``a


:CG Y GQOb
j CG d
k

k
IAG````b
SQ``dG nCGj
k
k
.Ie
jL
k
n
f
A````dG ``M j

.U
k
n
n
h
M j

p
n
p CG a AdG
.gNB
dG
p
p
p Gh Shh
k.IjL GOe
n
j
m
n
FdG H j

n
n
.J a (f - fCG)
nCG Qo
n
n
.dG
g
j
p

. p nS nQ rne k rgnCG
56
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG


:p n S
n r dG
o p Up (1)
p dH
o IQ
p n dG
t

.Il jL pn pMn

.nl Ln p Hn
p e

.p nS nQ r ndG dEG o ng rPnCG

57
``HdG ``dG

:() e Sj e ( G ) e Uh CGbG (2)

k rgnCG - ````

o ng rPnCG - pMn - `````p pH````ne

nl p Ln - Il njp Ln - p nS nQ rne - p nS nQ r ndGdpEG

:c c
u (3)

`g - CG - - P

.............................................................

S - h - Q - O

.............................................................

i - O - Q - - S -

`L

.............................................................

k n Lo rch
n dpEG SG
:j
(4)
r
u
p dp s dG
p n p dG
n ap

.dpEG - o ng rPnCG - p nS nQ r ndG

................................................ .............................................................

o o fn - Qh
.a -
m So

................................................ .............................................................

.d
o nCG - nIjdG - He
p

`L

................................................ .............................................................

58
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

r M
:r p fr Gh
p (5)

n
l njp Mn

nl Mn

o
o
l Mo

l Mo

p
lAG nMp

l
n Mp

59
``HdG ``dG

:dc bdG dG M IFGO V (6)

( p - n - o )

j`......

( p - n - o )

`......

( p - n - o )

`......

:dG

v r V
n (7)
n
:() r Mn n Hp dG dG
J
N
p

( T - bQ - M )

( jU - jM - bQ )

( UnCG - O`enCG - dnCG )

:() M Y iJ c
g
m
p (8)

................

................

................
r Mp
n h rCGbG (9)
:

.
n pHdG n
o r fn n
o f

.H
n
ndG n
o dr nCG nfnCG

............................

.p nS nQdG ndEG p o ngPr nCG nfnCG

............................

.
o dr nCG nfnCG
p nUr nC G nne n

............................

.Qh
o bo nCG nfnCG
m o oS pa

:dG

60
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

:v n Tn
p dp s dG Q
t p Yn u Yn (10)
p dG

n dG
n Hp r s n Jn (11)
:
p o cGh p n d
r

`
`
`

``
``
``

`M
`M
`M

rCGbG
r
:r s Jh MGh

:dJ
o G b
(3-1 :dG IQS)

61
``HdG ``dG



n n dG
.
o
p dG
p Y n n a
n
n
.A
p dG
p Mn r fo
n
.A
p dG
p Mn n Hn n cp
k
.IjL
GO
m n r eo

: pJ n rSoCG nne o oNr nCG


. pNr CGo nh ueCGo nh pHnCG


,o Jh ,o jM :odG
o
.Y adGh

r `dG
n
.AG
p n
p o dG
o dn EGp
. nsp dG tno f
o TG
n dG
n
.
p
o Jn
n Zr nC G nr Hn
o o jn Hp nCG
. nQ ng rRnCG
p p r Jn :
. oMn ran nfnCG . oMn ran nfnCG


j ``SQ``dG G```g ``j````f ``a
:nCG Y G kQOb j nCG d

k
k
jL
IAGb
SQdG nCGj
k
.Ie
n `M
n r jn
n `dG `
k r fo A`
p ``
.
k p U
n
kHn cp A
n
n
o
p dG ``Mn n jn
k
.
U
n
n
n
n
p
.p dG
p af Yn aoj
k.Ijp Ln Gn
n

m On r eo j

62
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG


s Uh rCGbG (1)
:Ke L c

o TG
n dG
n onp J
.

.J n rSoCG nne oNr nCG

. nQ ng rRnCG
p p nr J

. ndG tno f

. ndG tno f

o TG
n dG
n onp J
.

. pJ n rSoCG nne o oNr nCG

.Q ng rRnCG
p p rnJ
:IQdH dG Uh rCGbG (2)

n n an
l TG

l r Mn

Ql ngRr nCG
63
``HdG ``dG

:dc Ke c c r Uh
p rCGbG (3)

o o jn

onp J

t o fn

o oNr nCG

t o fn

o oNr nCG

onp J

o o jn

r
:fGh
u e EG r p n SG (4)

5
l
Nn
h`

l n r`Nn

o
T
l s`No

InP`No
64

FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

l `
n Np

Ql `Np

n
n dG
:h
o p r Tn ap
p dG
p M
p (5)

k FGp On r V
n (6)
() n Hp dG dG
n r Mn I
p

( i pQLn - p nun oe - rNn )


( nl nr f - ljLn -
l pWn )
( n
n Ln - l r Nn - n
o dG
s )
65
``HdG ``dG

:v n Tn dp s dG Q
t p Yn r u Yn (7)
p dG

o Mn n Hp dG
r (8)
n Fe
.()
p Ro A
n nCG r co PG
n S
.......................................

.......................................

.......................................

.......................................

.......................................

.......................................

66
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

:
p r p cCr G (9)
p n dc

dG
o

l oMo
lnp f

.......................................

oAG n
r Nn

.......................................

oQ ng rRnCG

:dG

.......................................

r p n d
n dG
n Hp r s n Jn (10)
:
p o cGh
r

``

`N

`
`
`

``
``
``

`N
`N
`N

67
``HdG ``dG



.dH
MG
GOB
n G
p
p
n
.GdG
M
f
p
p
n
.GdG
M
Hc
p
p
k.IjL GOe

. l p nS l rnj dG
p
o rnj
n pHdG n
o dr nCG
. nI njp ndG
. n pdG uU
n oCG nh
.
n nUr nC Gh n rgnCG oQh oRnCG
:u nZCGo nh n
o dr nCG
. l p nS f oYp
. l p nS co oYp
.
p pd pH k rgnCG -
p pd pH k rgnCG


o
L
o edG

o
p nCG e HdGh
.dG
p


j ``SQ``dG G```g ``j````f ``a
:nCG Y GQOb
j nCG d
k

k
k
jL
IAGb
SQdG nCGj
k
.Ie
k
n `M ``j
n
f
G``dG
`

p
.U
k
k`Hc G`dG
n
```M ```j

n
p
k
.U
`
n `````j
p `````MG GOB
p `````H `
.SdH
p
k.IjL GOe
n
j

m
n
n
n
`````H
``````TCG ``````j

s
p
.dG
p

68
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG


r (1)
:r Uh
p rCGbG

Hp k rgnCG
.d
p
k rgnCG
Hp
.d
p

l p Sn j
.
l
. ndG
p u U
n oCG

.
o n dr nCG
n
n H
p dG
.n rgnCG Qh
o Ro nCG

.u Zn oCGh o n dr nCG
.n rgnCG Qh
o Ro nCG
n (2)
n Jn v Nn r V
:n Kn eo cn u co

k rgnCG . l p nS -
. rgnCG -

ljp Ln -

lYp -

l p nS

oQh oRnCG -

ljp Ln

uU
n oCG

`L

. nUr nC G - uU
n oCG - o oe rnj 69

``HdG ``dG

k
u a hdG
n
nd
:c
HY
c
p Ju Qn (3)
u
m

i-O--O

O-A-G-h

Q-O-G

-O-i-

.......................................

.......................................

.......................................

.......................................

n n r Hn s ep p cr nCG (4)
:p r S
n dG

C Gh ngCG) ............................. oQh oRnCG


(dG
p
j - dH
p
g
k nCG - U
n
(jdG - oej - ndG) ...........................uU
n oCG
:Lo nu n o dp ;dG
p Ju Q (5)
p

. l rnj -
p pdG -

o rnj -

l p nS-

..............................................................................................

.Ik njp Ln - n
o dr nCG -
n pHne..............................................................................................

. oQh oRnCG -

ngCG -
n nUr nC Gh-

..............................................................................................

70
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

n p u eo dEG SG
:r p fr Gh
(6)
r

nO
lAGhnO

l LG
n sQnO

oO
lQ oO

w oO

pO
ljp Mn

j
l pO

71
``HdG ``dG

o Mn n Hp dG
n
n (7)
n r Jn v Nn r V
:G
p p dG
p sdG

Ql GnO

r
l Hn

lL
n Ln
n O

tnJ

n
o r fn

l nS nQ rne

og
p o
n f

o pHne

lp n
r e

:IdG GQn hr nCG r ep


m n p cn u cn hn o fr G (8)

O
O

................................................

................................................

................................................

................................................

................................................

72
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

n s J (9)
:p n dH

`
`
`

O
`
`

O
O

O
O

r (10)
n n Hp ap r o cG
:(O) M H ASC
G
k
m b

........................

........................

........................

........................

........................

........................

........................

........................

73
``HdG ``dG



n
o gC
r dG
.Ip n
G
s
r
o
n
.G
p dG p r Mn f
s M
.G
n Hn n cp
p
p dG
n
IQ
G H

p
p TEn G ASC
.(g - Gg)
k.IjL GOe

. lp cn ndrp en o r nS
n bn
: pHnCG

.p rp dG p r nS n na o nQ rnf s ng

o
o Jho jM:dG

o
.Y adGh

. kI pc G kQho Ho n Yr Qn Rn
.lQ ng rRnCG pp ngh ln rnf Gn ng
. lp Ln Q
p sdG oren
! nr
n dG n nLr nCG ne


j ``SQ``dG G```g ``j````f ``a
:CG Y GQOb
j CG d
k

jL IAGb SQdG CGj


.Ie
s ``M
n
n p r jn
k r fo G
```
p ``dG
.
k p U
n
k`````Hn cp G
s
n
n o jn
p dG r Mn ``
k
.p U
n
n
n
o
r
n
n
.I
p dG gCG
s j
k.Ijp Ln GO
n
eo
m
s n j

74
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG


:Ke L c Up (1)

.Qh
n o o dG n Yr Qn Rn

!n n r dG
n n n LCr G en

l p Ln p Qr dG
s o n r en
.

n
r
.Qh
n o o dG HCG in TG

n
r
.Qh
n o o dG HCG in TG

l p Ln p Qr dG
s o n r en
.

!n n r dG
n n n LCr G en

.Qh
n o o dG n Yr Qn Rn
r r (2)
:p r n n K
p n n e p r n n p cn s co r Uh
p CGn bG

nYr nQ nR

o rp `dG

o rp ``dG

l nr `S

Qh
o o o dG

oQhoo dG

l r nS

nYr nQ nR

75
``HdG ``dG

n u e dEG SG
r
:fGh

(3)
r

nP
l fn n r pe

lrjPn

oP
Ql ho Ho

Il Qn Po

pP
lGQn pP

l Fr pP
76

FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

o
:( P ) M
H
m cn
p ng (4)
..............................................................................................
..............................................................................................
..............................................................................................
..............................................................................................

k p cn n
n
:
p Ju Qn (5)
u o dp hdG

..............................................................................................

- S

..............................................................................................

`e

..............................................................................................

:k n r Lo n
u o dp r Ju Qn (6)

r - Qh oodG - pHnCG
.i nnTG

..............................................................................................

! - nLr nCG - ne - d
n
G

..............................................................................................

. l nc - o r nS - ndp r en

..............................................................................................

77
``HdG ``dG

:v n Tn
p dp s dG Q
t Yn u Yn (7)
p dG

78
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

n r s J (8)
:p n dH

79
``HdG ``dG



n G
.bdG
e IOaE
p
n
.AGdG
M
f

p
p
n
.AGdG
M
Hc
p
p
k.IjL GOe

pI nRLn E
p G p rnj pa
.i pOsdG dEG o ng rPnCG
. pH nUr nCG o pHbn oCG


o
o
.JdG
GQdG

. nI n odG n
o r fn
. nMn
n dG
u osnfn nh
.n
o Hn
n fn nh ip nr f
.o n rnf nh
o nn
r f
. oMn r na nfnCG
. oMn r na nfnCG


j ``SQ``dG G```g ``j````f ``a
:CG Y GQOb
j CG d
k

nCGj
k
k
jL
IAGb
SQdG
n
k
.Ie
n `M j
H
AG``dG
`

p
n
p
k
k
.U Hc dTC
G
p
kf AG```dG
n
n
``M j
p
.U
k
n
.IjL GOe
j
m

80
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG


:SdG Ip Q
dG
o p Up (1)
n dH
t

o o n r fn
.In n dG

. nMn
n dG
u osn n fn

. pH nU
r nCG o Hp bn oCG

:dc Uh
p CGbG (2)

nfnCG

nI n odG

ip n
r f

os nnfn

o nrfn

o ng rPCG

Mn
n dG
u

dpEG
iOsdG

oMn r na

no H nnfn h

n p Ju Qn (3)
:k n r Lo nu n o dp
p n p dG

.o ng rPnCG - dpEG - i pOsdG

..............................................................................................

. pI nRLpn EG - pH nUr nCG - rnj - pa - o pHbn oCG

..............................................................................................

n dG
o
.Mn
u
- n
o r fn - IdG
- osfh

`L

..............................................................................................

81
``HdG ``dG

n
:dG
fGh
AGdG
H
p cr nCG (4)
p
p
p

S
o ..............ne - on
n e............... -
l Ln ...............
..........

h oS -

n ................Rn - ...........` p rj pO
o
r Yo - l aG

...........

n u e dEG SG
r
:fGh

(5)
r

Qn
l Zp Qn

lLo nQ

Qo
l eo Qo
T

l se oQ

Qp
lQ
p Tn

n Qp
l j
82

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hCG SGQdG dG

o n r Jn dG
n n Hp r o cG (6)
n Fe
.AG
p dG
p Ro A
m b
o n Sr nCG Yn
s p r Mn n Yn

........................

........................

........................

........................

........................

........................

o Mn n Hp dG p dG
n n r Mn Ik n FGp On r V
n (7)
.AGdG
s

r
o n dG - j
o udG -
l Ln nQ

lne pQ - n
l pc - lLo nQ

ln nb - Ql n bp - o
r pe

:dH
r s J (8)
p

`
`
`

Q
`
`

Q
Q

Q
Q
r
r
:MGh
s n Jn h rCGn bG

G SQ U

.zv `Mn `r
n n nY `
n pf nn pd sEG{

pG
o oSQ n nb

83
``HdG ``dG

:
QhRQR MCG :T


k
.IjL
GOe

m
.FGdG
n f n LGh
p
n
.dG
Y adG


o
LC
o edG

o
p G e HdGh
.dG
p

o``````````` pH sdG `nJnCG GPEG


o``````````jnp dG or Yh
p
nQ`````` og tdG
p p nr J
nQ````````odG
t p ``
p r Jo h
r
```````
njp ndG n n r n an

j ``SQ``dG G```g ``j````f ``a


j CG d
:CG Y GQOb
k

k
k
ndG nCGj
jL
IAGb
k
.Ie
n
n
a dG
L
j

p
.HdG
p
n
n ```````TCG ``````j
``p ````H ``

.dG
p
k
n
.IjL
GOe
j

m
`
m `````H n``````````dG ``u ` ``j
.L
m
. kYe ndG u j

r njp dG
n p Mn
``
s pj
84
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG


n
:Kj H dG
p Up (1)

n p dG
r j
n n n rna
. njp dG
s p njp Mn

o pH sdG nJCG GPEG


njp dG
s p njp Mn
nQ og tdG
p p rnJ
nQodG
t p p r Jo h

. nQ og tdG
p p rnJ

ojnp dG o or Yh
p
:dc Ke c c Uh CGbG (2)

oQ og tdG

ojnp dG

oH sdG

ojnp dG

o pH sdG

oQ og tdG

o``````````````````` pH sdG ................ GPEG

np s dG p p cCr G (3)

o``````````````````jnp dG .................. h
............... `````````````````````
p
p rnJ

t dG ..................h
nQ``````````````````
85
``HdG ``dG

:
n (1)
n n v Nn r V
:OY c a
p r n n Kn n eo
p n Lo u co

s or
. lp Ln p Qr dG
n en

.u ZoCGh o n dr nCG

.Ik
k o Ho n Yr nQ nR
n pcn GQh

o Yp
l p Sn fn
.

! ndG
n
n n Lr nCG ne

o
. ndG
p u U
n CG

.Ik
k o Ho nYr nQ nR
n pcn GQh

.u ZoCGh o n dr nCG
r (2)
n
:dG CGbGh
o cG
p s dG G
n b

nS nQ r`......`dG - `......`Ur nCG - IO......L - Qh oQ......


:
p n p cn r p cr nCG (3)

l n pc

Gg

l pMn

p ng

pJ

.....

Il r pJ

.....

l nCG

.....

woCG

.....

:dG

86
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

r p n p dG
n h
n Mo r Ju Qn (4)
:Qp h
o p Hs n dG
o ap n r o cGh
p n dG

`e `j S

A V Q `N

CG

`b

:
p n dp cn r p cr nCG (5)

l TG
n n an

n n an l TG

l nSG s oc

.........

.........

l n p Wn

:dG

l n u n eo .........

87
``HdG ``dG

r (6)
:r o cG

:`H oCGrJn psdG


n pFne oR nA n rSnCG

(Q) M

() M

() M

..........................

..........................

..........................

..........................

..........................

..........................

..........................

..........................

..........................

..........................

..........................

..........................

:
p cn r p cr nCG (7)
p n d

o
````
pe`nJ

o nr f

l```````` s oY

.....

n` oS uQ n oe

.....

:dG

88
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG


k Lo u cn (1)
n n ep
:
p dp s dG
p dG

l p fn
- iQ
p Ln -

k n Mp -
k p Ln
- j

- p nun oe -
n
n pdG - pnr J

o o SG
................................................
r
...........................................n r p S
n

n n dG
...........................
n

:
p r p cr nCG (2)
p n dc

l n jp bn

j
l p bn

...........

l pnH

...........

n p r pJ
Il

:dG

S
l rp n oe
..........

r (3)
n
( - - - Q -O - ) :SG
o cG
p s dG dG
n b
m u co r ep

o `p .......`dG

oAn pH.......C G

n .......`dG
oAK`

rp n `.......EG

:d
p s dG Qp n dG
t Y v T r u Y (4)

89
``HdG ``dG

:
p cn r cC
p G (5)
p n d
..........

n
l pc

p n bn

..........

Il nr Mo

..........

l n bn
l
s bp

:dG

:
m n p cn ru cn (6)
..................................
..................................
..................................
..................................

i - `j - U - - O
CG - i - - Q
G - - i - - - S
- G - T - - G - Q
r (7)
:
p cn r u Mh
n rCGn bG
p n d

..........

Il n n nT

l TG
n n an

n n an
l TG

..........

nl p Ln

..........

Il
n
n pU

:dG

:r Uh
p rCGbG (8)

l`
Il

`un oe

sLn

l`

Il
x Hp r o cG (9)
:
m Ln

. ueCGo nh pHnCG t Mp oCG


.................................................
90
FGHG hCG dG

hCG SGQdG dG

````dG ```LGdG ````d


RGdG Y e Y .O
FGHG dH N

Qce dG Y dG Y .CG
HdG dG Qe

IM QfCG jL .O

W Sj jM .CG

gdG jJ ce

QdG H hCG Le

i````````H`dG G``````TEG
Y Y ij .O.CG
dG OGdGh gdG jJ ce je

:```dG UGdG
S (82 * 57) 1
8
d 4

:````dG S```e

d 4

:```dG `````W

HCG L 80

:``````````dG Qh

Tc L 200

:````````dG Qh

U 100

:dH dG OY

:`````dG `````W

100000 . 2007/4810 : GjEG bQ

HdG e jQL NGO dGh HdG IQGRd Xe dG M L

jRdGh dGh Yd e f HH W
HcCG e SOdH