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w,s wnqoh

;j;a f,dl= fjhs

ISSN 2012-8908
mqj;am;la jYfhka ,shdmxlr we;'
2011 wf.daia;=

jvd hym;a foaYhla Wfoid


m<uq ldKavh

wg jeks l,dmh

, remsh,a 20 hs

hqO wkd:hskag

;u . wys fjhso@
m%shka;a wdf,dalnKavdr
hqoaOh wjika igka meje;s m%foaYj, isg meKs wkd: ck;dj Tjqkaf.a
. j, mx fkdfldg uq,;s ia;%slalfha fldnd,a m%foaYfha
mx lsug rcfha iQodkula we;ehs mejfikjd' wf.daia;= ui ;=kajk
od rdcH fkdjk ixOdk iu. meje;s /iaul f nj ;SrKh lr
we;s nj mjikafka o< cd;sl ixOdkfha jkaks ia;%sla md,sfka;=
uka;%S jrhdhs'

jir follg je
ld,hla ;siafia ueKsla
*d l`ojqf isk
uq,a,sjhslald,a"
mqud;,ka" ngysr yd
kef.kysr uq,;s"
wn,fmdalalfkhs"
jf,kacuv yd
wdkkaomqr jeishka
fldnd,ayS mx
lru rcfha ie<iqu
nj;a" uq,;s ys rcfha
yuqod iska m%ldYhg

m;a fldg we;s m


rch iska fjkafldg
;sfnk wlalr 600 l
N+ m%udKfhka wlalr
225la u f jk g;a
nq,afvdai hka;%
fhdodf.k k 40 la
;=< lmd t<sfldg
yudr nj;a isjYla;s
wdkkaoka uka;%Sjrhd
m%ldY lrkjd'
f ms<sn`oj ''iS'
ixfoaYh weiQ

mekhlg ms<s;=re ka
yuqod m%ldYl fc
fckrd,a WNh ueoj,
mjid ;snqfKa"
fldnd,a m%foaYfha
iarj mx is
msia tfia mx
lrkakg hkjd i
wjika ld,fha hqO
.egq meje;s
mqud;,ka m%foaYfha
ck;dj tfia mx
lrkakg fkdhk

njhs'
kuq;a fldnd,a
m%foaYfha .udkj,
is Woh k fufia
mx lsug iQodkj
iskafka wf;ka
fumuK N+
m%udKhla t<s lrkakg
is ;sfnkafka wehs
hs ''iS' h weiQ
mekhg yuqod
m%ldYljrhd mjid
;sfnkafka zzhlsis
mqoa., fldGdYhla
Tjqkaf.a iar mxh
i`oyd Tmamq ;srmamq
bm;a lr,d Tjqkaf.a
wkkH;djh bm;a
lf<d;a Tjqkaj tu
m%foaYhka ys mx

lsug rchg
isjkjdZZ hkqfjkqhs'
flfia fj;;a uq,a,s
jhslald,a" mqud;,ka"
ngysr yd kef.kysr
uq,;s" wn,
fmdalalfkhs"
jf,kacuv yd
wdkkaomqr hk m%foaY
ixpdrlhka
wdlYKh lr.;
yels ;rf l<mq
wdY%s; iajdNdl
fi!kaohfhka wkQk
m%foaY f' hqoaOfha
wjika whr l%shd;aul
jQ m%foaYh jk ksid
tu m%foaYj, wkd.;
ixpdrl jkdlu o
b;d by< h'

w,s ix.Kkfhka miqj


tu o;a; Wmfhda.S
fldgf.k w,s we;=ka yd
megjqka 300 la muK yS,E
lsug rch ;SrKh lr
we;s nj furg mirfka
ls%hdldka mjihs'
w,s we;=ka yS,E lsu"
ysxidiy.; f,i Tjqkag
ie<lSu" urdu" ylal
mgia" j,j,a yd wfkl=;a
w,s W.=,a wegu u.ska
Tjqka ;laIhg m;a lsu
f jk g ,xldf
idudkH ldrKhla njg
m;aj ;sf'
ixjOk fya;+ka ksid uyd
mudKfhka jkdka;r t<s
fmfy<s lsu ksid Tjqka
wdydr fidhd . okj,g
meK j.d md lsu;a wo
ojfia idudkH ldrKhla
;sf'
ta w;r w,s myr fuka
ksiqka h hdu o jOkh
we;' kuq;a w,s im;
f,dalfha rgj,a lsysmhlg
muKla iSudjk w;r f
ishji ;=< furka w,s
im; j`ohdug fndfyda
rg bv we;s nj;a mir
ixOdkj, woyi ;sf'
kuq;a w,s ksia .egqu
ms<snoj fyda f w,s
imf;a jeo.;alu fyda
jgydf.k lghq;= lrk
njla f Ih Ndr
wud;Hjrekaf.a
flrejdfjka fmfkkakg
ke;'
frdydka iurkdhl

.ykak .ykak u;a" jkak jkak .eySu;a fudav luls''''''

f.d uy;=ks" Th jev wmg .e,fmk jev fkdf

PdhdrEmh ( wka; cd,fhks

wf.aia;= 23 jk od
m<d;a md,k ue;sjrKfha
fojk whf Pkao uiSu
meje;a Ks' Pkaohg iQodk
ug;a fmr isg u W;=f
meje;s ;;aajh idudkH
jQjdhehs lsj fkdyel'
fou< cd;sl ixOdkfha
iduld /iaj,g ikakoaO
msia myr kafka h'
wdKavqf fkdjk
wfmalaIlhskaf.a ksfjiaj,
we;s l< iqkLhska f.a fn,s
f.agqf yhs lf<a h' foau<
cd;sl ixOdkhg lsis udOH
wkq.%yhla ,eug wjir
;snqfKa ke;'
wdKavqj flda .Kka
jeh fldg" rdcH foafmd<
fhdodf.k W;aidyfhka
ck;d leue;a; kd .kakg
fjr h' kuq;a wdKavqjg
myiq chla ,enqfKa ke;'
hdmkfha mxldhla
jk ldka;djla ish Pkaoh ka
njg i<l=Kq iys; we`.s,a,
fmkajd isfha fufia h'

fojqkaor .sh wud ke;s fidka" mskakj, we;a megjd h hhs


miq.sh wf.daia;= ui
09 jeks od mskakj, w,s
wkd:d.drfha we;a
megfjl= hf.dia
;sf' ,i`od keue;s
we;skaklg odj f
we;a megjd bm
we;af;a 2011 ckjd
udifha h' h hk
g we;a megjdf.a jhi

udi 08 la h'
f h hdug fya;=j
cQks ui 11 jeks k
fokqjr YaKq foajd,hg
mQcd lsu i`oyd f we;a
megjdf.a wud jk
,i`od we;skak f
megjdf.ka fjka lr" /
f.k hdu njhs ,xld
gD;a fj wfvh jd;d

lr ;snf
q Ka'
ujf.ka fjka lsf
idxldfjka fmKq we;a
megjd t;eka mgka
mskakj, w,s
wkd:d.drfha fiajlhska
iska ,nd ka ls wdydr
mjd mdkh fkdlr
isfuka frda.S mdpkh
frda.h je,`" c,khg

,la fuka h .sh njhs"


tys je rg;a i`oyka
jkafka'
flfia kuq;a f
kj, f mehdf.a uj
jk ,i`od we;skak
bfha meje;afjk
fojqkaor YaKq foajd,fha
fmryer i`oyd iQodk
lrka isk nj ie,hs'

PdhdrEmh ( wka; cd,fhks

02

2011 wf.dai;=

tkav tkav wju jk ,xldf ju


Y%S ,xldj ;=<
idm%odhsl jug is jQ
mydksh uid ne,Su
jug wdorhla la jQ yd
olajkakd jQ ld yg jqj;a
jeo.;a jkq fkdwkqudk
h'
idm%odhsl ju f,i
wm fuys y`kajd ug
W;aidy .kafka ,xld iu
iudc mlaIh yd
fldhqksia mlaIhhs' Y%S
,xldjg ksoyi ,eug
fmr wrdcH frda
wr.,h ;=< uy;a
ldhNdrhla is l< iu
iudc mlaIhg j;udkh
;=< is we;s
fojdplh" we;e g
isys .ekaug mjd
lK.dgqodhl h' fidah
reishdf iagd,ska n,j;a
u;a iu.u lr,shg meKs" ;ks rgl Wodl< yels
iudcjdoh ms<sn`oj kHdh bm;a l< iagd,skajdoh
ms<s.;a fldhqksia mlaIh" fidah foaYfha foaY
m%;sm;a;sh u; ta w;g;a f w;g;a jefkka" weulka
frdaOh wrdcH frdaOhla f,i f.kyer mdka
foaYmd,kh lrf.k .sh mlaIhla f,i jecfUk ,'
fuhg fyd`ou ksoiqk k" fojk f,dal hqoaOh ;=<
fidah foaYh inkaO fkdjk;dla th wrdcHjd
hqoaOhla f,i ye`ka jQ ,xldf fldhqksia mlaIh
fidah reishdj f,dal hqoaOhg inkaO jQ miq f,dal
hqoaOhg mlaImd;S u h'
ta flfia fj;;a iu iudc mlaIh yd fldhqksia
mlaIh llre igkaj, fmr .uka lrejd ug w;S;fha
kdhl;ajhla iemhQ fyhska u tu mlaI mS; yd llre
ckhd fjkqfjka fmkS isk" foaYmd,khl fhfok
mlaI folla f,i y`kd.kq ,eu" tu mlaI flfrys
ck;d iajdih jOkh lrkq ,nkakla h'
llre mka;sfha jk ;;a;ajh kxkajd,k 1953
y;d,a jeks igkaj,g muKla fkdj llre uok
wK mk;aj,g o tfrys j f.khk ,o wr., ksid;a
fuu mlaI folg u la `k ckhdf.a leue;a; kd
.ekSug yels h'
;j o cd;Hka;r jYfhka mek ke.=Kq udlaiajd
wjYH;djhkag o wkql+,;ajhla fuu mlaI fol ;=<ska
oyd lafuka cd;Hka;r ;,fha ,enQ lS;sh o fuu
mlaI fol ;j ;j;a ,dxlsl iudch ;=< uq,a nei
.ekSug uy;a rel=,la h' f yeugu jvd mlaIfha /
`Kq fuu mlIj, mdlaIslhkaf.a wjxlNdjh flfrys
ck;dj ;enQ Yajdih ;j ;j;a fuu mlaI Yla;su;a
lsug fya;= h'
1956 f mlaI Y%S ,xld ksoyia mlaIfha rchla
msysgqug iyh lau ksidu" Y%S ,xld ksoyia mlaIfha
mx;s iajNdjh inkaOj meye,s ;srKhla yd kHdhla
wkq.ukh lsug we;s fkdyelshdj m%oYkh lrkakla
h' fojk f,dal ix.%duh ;=< folv jQ iu iudc
mlaIh kej;;a tlai;a jk g le .sh ms,sma
.=KjOk lKavdhu zma,jld iu iudc mlaIhZ f,i
y`kajd.;a w;r miqj th cd;sjdoh yd wd.jdoh lrg
.;a uyck tlai;a fmruqK njg m;a tlai;a cd;sl
mlaI rchka ;=< mjd weu;sl orka Okm;s mka;sfha
miq.d;ajhg fufyjr lrk ;;a;ajh olajdu msfykq
,eh'
iagd,skajdofha iNd. wdKavq Wmdhka m%;slafIam
lsug fojrla Yla;su;a jQ iu iudc mlaIh Y%S ,xld
ksoyia mlaIh ;u b;sydifha oreKq;u wdl wnqohg
uqyqK ka 1964 jYfha ;u m%;sm;a;sh yer oud iNd.
wdKavq foaYmd,kh je<`o.ekSu ,xld iu iudc mlaIh
b;sydifha l< uy;au mdjdu f,i bka fjka jQ iu
iudc mdlaIslhka iska y`kajkq ,eh'
1964 msysgqjkq ,enQ ;djld,sl iNd. rchg jel,a
wdhqI fkdh' 1970 olajd ,xld iu iudc mlaIh iy
fldhqksia mlaIh md,sfk;=j fj;ska msg; f.k.sh
iNd. foaYmd,kh fya;= fldgf.k fuu mlaI fol jgd
is fou< NdIdj l;d lrk ckhd wE;a lr.kq ,e h'
fYaIfhka u fou< NdId fYaI Odk mk;g
tfrysj Y%S ,xld ksoyia mlaIh f.k.sh cd;sjd /,a,g
mlaImd;S jQ fuu mlaI fol tjla mgka ;u eoaOjd
fldgia f,i iq ck fldgia y`kd .ekSu" Y%S ,xldf
ju yd iq ckfldgia w;r jQ ine`hdjg ure myrla

h'
1970 w;s Yd, ck iydhla iska n,hg meKs
iNd. wdKqvqj flfrys ckhdf.a wm%idoh fmkakq
lsug je ld,hla .; jQfha ke;' 1970 iNd. rch
flfrys ck;dj Yd, n,dfmdfrd;a;=jla ;enQ fyhska u
l,lsu o t;ru iS.% h' ,xld iu iudc mlaIhg
weu;sl folla o fldhqksia mlaIhg weue;slula o
iys;j msysg jQ rcfha uqo,a weue;s jQfha iu iudc
mlaIfha tka' t' fmfrd uy;d h' tka' t' fmfrd
uy;df.a m<uq whjehu ck;djg tmd lrkakla h' th
,xld iu iudc mlaIh u foorulg md;% lrkq ,e h'
iu iudc kdhl;ajh rE rcfha ,smslre fiajd ix.ufha
f,al whs' f' l%u jekakjqkag mjd fuu whjehg
mlaI ug ne u ksid mlaIh ;=<g wnqoh fudard
meKs w;r mlaIh ;=< jdu lKavdhula ysug u.
mdokq ,e h'

zz

wrdcH frda wr.,hka ;=< wNS;


kdhl;a j hla ka fuu kdhl;a j h Y% S
,xldf foaYSh kdhlhka f.a fiajlhka
u b;s y dihg iroula h' kHdh
mydksfha m%;sm,hka wo mS; ckhdg;a"
llre mka;shg;a w;a `kakg is
we;'
j;udkfha ,xld iu iudc
mla I fha ; a " fldhq k s i a mla I fha ; a
kdhlhka jQ wh ;=< w;S; kdhlhka ;=<
meje;s kHdh;a" fm!reI;ajh;a olskakg
ke;' Tjqka iska lrkq ,enQ wrdcH
frda igkla fyda llre mx;s igkla
ke;' ;s i a i ;drK" .= K fia l r"
jekakjqkag iudc b;sydihla fkdue;s
w;r" Tjqka iska jug yslr we;af;a
mdjdf b;sydihla yd yjq,a wdKavq ;=<
,e. is ka f ka flfia o hka k W.ka j k
foaYmd,khla muKs

ZZ

iNd. wdKavq foaYmd,kh ;=< jug wys jQfha mS;


ckhd rlsk foaYmd,kh wys u muKla fkdf'
IKfhka f;dr mdlaIslhka is jf foaYmd,kh ;=<g
IKh yd wjia:djdofha l=Kq ,s Y% u;a h'
kdhlhka weue;s ugka Okm;shkaf.a iqr;ka
jk g mdlaIslhka lsisu ysls;hla fkdue;sj IKh

je,`o.kq ,e h' fndfyda


g /lshd ys jQfha
mdlaIslhkag muK h'
ck;d fld" uok
fld njg;a jevj,
fmd,sia T;a;=lrejka
njg;a m;ah' fu;=jla
l,a jdudxYsl mlaI
flfrys jQ ck;d
Yajdih fidod mdjg
,la lsug iNd. wdKavq
foaYmd,khg yels h'
f w;r l%u l%ufhka
iu iudc fldhqksia
foaYmd,kh
wjia:djdohg;a" mj;sk
iudc l%uhg;a .e;sl
lrkq ,enQ foaYmd,khla
njg m;a h'
foaYSh Okm;s
mka;sfha mlaIhla jQ Y%S
PdhdrEmh ( wka; cd,fhks
,xld ksoyia mlaIh ;u
is;e`.s iu iudc" fldhqksia mlaI ,jd bgq
lr.ekSfuka miqj iu iudc" fldhqksia mlaI wkd:
lsug ksNhj u ;SrKh lrkq ,e h' lsisu idOdrK
fya;=jlska f;drj iu iudc mlaIh iNd. rcfhka
t,jd ug isud nKavdrkdhl Okm;s mka;sh
me;af;ka ksjer ;SrKhla .kq ,enqf iu iudc
mlaIh iodld,sl foaImd,k wkd:fhl= lsfuka miqj
h' iu iudc mlaIh yd fldhqksia mlaIh iNd. rch
;=< iska llre mka;s frda wk mk;aj,g o,
iflrejd muKla fkdj ishu ck ; >d;l
mshjrhkag iydh la h' g;a jvd Nhdklu wmrdOh
lrkq ,enqf cd;sjd" wd.jd jHjia:djla foaYSh
Okm;s mka;shg f.dv kkajd fuka h' ta uyd
mdjdj, m%;sm, wo Y%S ,dxlslhka jYfhka wms w;a
`kafkuq'
wrdcH frda wr.,hka ;=< wNS; kdhl;ajhla
ka fuu kdhl;ajh Y%S ,xldf foaYSh kdhlhka f.a
fiajlhka u b;sydihg iroula h' kHdh mydksfha
m%;sm,hka wo mS; ckhdg;a" llre mka;shg;a w;a
`kakg is we;'
j;udkfha ,xld iu iudc mlaIfha;a" fldhqksia
mlaIfha;a kdhlhka jQ wh ;=< w;S; kdhlhka ;=<
meje;s kHdh;a" fm!reI;ajh;a olskakg ke;' Tjqka
iska lrkq ,enQ wrdcH frda igkla fyda llre
mx;s igkla ke;' ;siai ;drK" .=Kfialr"
jekakjqkag iudc b;sydihla fkdue;s w;r" Tjqka iska
jug yslr we;af;a mdjdf b;sydihla yd yjq,a
wdKavq ;=< ,e. iskafka flfiao hkak W.kajk
foaYmd,khla muKs'
w;S;h ;u iqfLdamfnda.S ;hg mdol lr.kafka
flfia o@ jHdc jdu uqyqKqjrlska k ku ckhd
mSvdjg m;alrkq ,nkafka flfia o@ hkak idm%odhsl
jf wo l%shdld;ajh njg m;aj ;sf' fuu ysi
msrug ;u mlaIhg yelshdj we;ehs ck;d uqla;s
fmruqK fmkug W;aidy .;a;;a" yeu gu ck;djg
jer kdhl;ajhla imhk ck;d uqla;s fmruqfKA
foaYmd,kfhka msysgla fkd,efnk nj fkdlsjukd h'
iNd. wdKavq foaYmd,kh mjdi wdKavq yslsfuka
bhg f.khk nj fkdlsjukd h' f ksid ju
flfrys ie,ls,a,la olajkakka bfha we;s ldhh
jkafka ck;d uqla;s fmruqK W.;a mdv yd kQ.;a
mdv inkaOfhka wOHkh lsu h'
idm%odhsl ju iNd. wdKavq foaYmd,kh ;=< ,e.
isk;dlal,a mdjd i ck{dKh bhg f.k
tAf foaYmd,khla lsug lsis yelshdjla ke;'
ck{dKh m%.;s udj;lg .;yels jkafka llre
mx;s wjYH;d u;= flfrk" l,am u;jdohlg tl`.jk
jD;a;Sh i;s" foaYmd,k lKavdh iy is,a iudc
ixOdkj, tAldnoaO ixOdkhlg uq, msfuka h' fuu
ixOdkh bhg f.k tAu ck;d iykhka inkaOj
ie,ls,su;a jk ldf.a;a ldhhla h hq;= h'
kQ;k m%cd;dka;%jdoh hkafkka woyia lrkafka
jefokdf.a u;h iq fokd u; n,y;aldrfhka
megula fkdfjhs' je fokdf.a whs;sjdisl fukau
iq`M ck lKavdhj, whs;sjdisld o /lu h'
iudkd;au;djh fkdue;s ;ek ;%ia;jdoh yd hqoaOh
biau;=u fkdje,elah yels h'

isu,a mSia

03

2011 wf.dai;=

hqKq hehs
iu;
op ksidg
ngys
r ffj Woa
oHdj

wdjdiSka irK hdug isjkq we;


ysir
wxl 997$43"
mdla f,aka"
rdc.sh'
rl;k$*elaia'
0112865084" 0115711095
B f,a' mihisaranews@gmail.com

ysir mir mqj;am;la


jkafka o"
fkdjkafka o ke;
f jk g zzysirZZ mqj;am; l,dm
wgla m< we;' ka ka th fndfyda fokd
w;r m%p,s; udisl mqj;am;la njg m;a
fjka ;sfnhs' zzysirZZ lshQ iekska wm .ek
fkdokakd fndfyda wh wfmka wykafka
zzysirZZ hkq mdil mqj;am;la o hkak;a"
fuys mirhg wod, fkdfjk O Ihka
j,g wh;a ,sms m<jkafka wehs o lshd;a h'
we;a;g u zzysirZZ mdil mqj;am;ls' kuq;a
wojk g ksidf.a iudc" wdl"
foaYmd,ksl" ixialD;sl fyda fulS fkdlS
ish l%shdldrl f ys;,fha meje;au
inkaOfhaka n,mdk nj wm wu;l fkdl<
hq;= h' wo f,dalfha m%Odku .egj njg
m;a ;sfnk f.da,Sh WKqiqu inkaO
.egj fld;r foaYmd,ksl ldrKdjla
njg m;a ;sfnkjd o hkak ta ms<sn`oj
.eUqrg is;d n,k kEu flfkl=g jgyd.;
yels h'
f,dal f.da,h WKqiq lr wo mj;sk
wnqold ;;a;ajhg m;alrkakg wefuldj
we;= hqKq f,dalfha rgj,a iska f.k.sh
ixjOk ud,Ska" f.da,Sh wdl l%shdj,sh"
yd foaYmd,kh w;r we;af;a wfhdackSh
iankaO;djhls'
fidndoyu iu. iyfhda.fhka tys ishq
yeis f;a r e .ks ka j;a jQ ,;s k a
wefuldkq" wdishdkq yd wm%sldkq l,dmj,
ckhdf.a meje;a u u;g f f.da , S h
fjf<`ofmd< ;;a;j
a h mgjkakg fulS Bkshd
hqKq rgj,a lshd lf<a" ta l,dmhkaj,
ckhdf.a mQK tl`.;djhkaf.ka f;drju
h' tfia;a ke;sk n,y;aldrfhks'
fujeks rgj, we;s jQ jeka; ixjOk
jDmD;Skaj,ska fidNdoyug" ffcj
O;ajhg h yels kdYh .ek yeu gu
tlS l<dmhkaj, ksik
q g
a b;d hqKq woyila
wjfndaOhla ;snQ nj ta ta jHdmD;Ska wrnfha
ta ksiqka olajd we;s m%;spdr uid ne,Sfuka
jgyd .; yels h'
tls ixjOk jev igyka" iudc rgdjka
wid:l;ajfhka wid:l;ajhg m;afjka
;snqK o ;ju;a Tjqka ;ukaf.a n,y;aldrh
f l,dmj,ska bj;a lr.ekSug woyila j;a
we;s lrf.k fkdue;'
f jk g f kk ksiqka lDIslu
laIa;%hg lr we;s wk:ld uey;a u ksid
wo mi" c,h ffcj O;ajh" jkdka;r f
ish,a, kdYfhka kdYhg m;afjka ;sf'
f ksid f Ihka tlsfklg fjka fldg
l;d lrkakg ne ;rug u wo ;;a;ajh
ixlSK ;sf' zzysirZZg mirh .ek
yq o l,d woyil ys r ug fkdyels
;sfnkafka ksid h'

ysir mqj;amf;a m<fjk ishu ,smsj, wka;.;h ms<sn`o


j.lSu ta ta f,aLlhd i;=h'
fuys m<fjk ,smshlska fyda fjk;a fYaIdx.hlska Tng"
tf wdh;khg" ixOdkhg h wys;lr n,mEula we;s
k Bg ms<s;=re f whs;sh wdrlaId lsug ysir
mqj;amf;a bvlv jr lr ;sf'

f,dal wdjdiS kh
fh ;snqfKa miq.sh
wf.daia;= 09 jk odg h'
wfma rf wdjdiSkag
lshkafka je ckhd lshd
h' idudkHfhka ,xldf
wdjdiS fkdjk
mqoa.,fhl=g o zzjeoaodZZ
hk ku mg n`osk
wjia:djka ke;af;a
fkdf' tg bka woyia
lrkafka wod, mqoa.,hd
;=< fkdhqKq .;s
,laIK we;s nj h'
f jk g f,dalh
uqyqKfoka isk W.%
wnqoj,g m%Odk fya;=j
;sfnkafka ksid iska
hqKq hehs i,ld oy
wf;a l,amkd fldg
Wmhd imhd .;a oEh'
f,dal b;sydifha hqKq
ksid ksmo jQ fndfyda oE
w;r kHIal n,h m%Odk
;ekla .kS' kHIal
fndanhla cmdkfha
ysfrdaIsud" kd.idls k.r
folg m; nE tla hqKq
ksiqka fldgila ;j;a
hqKq msilg fl, jQ
ye wms ljqre;a fyd`oska
u okS'
f hqKq hehs iu;
ksid ;ukaf.a meje;au
Wfoid ksudKh
lr.kakd fndfyda foa
ksid iuia: f,dalfha
meje;au wnqohg hhs'
tala ksmehqulska we;sjk
wnqoh iukh lsug
;j;a ksmehqula l< hq;=
fjhs' thska isjk
wdmodj wju lsug ;j;a
ksmehqula wjYH h' f
wdldrfhka f
ksmehqj, iSudjla ke;'
flfia fj;;a f
ksmehq ksid;a ksmehq
Nd;d lsu ksid;a wo
jk g ksia ;h
muKla fkdj ish
kaf.a ;h jir
lsysmhlg fljk
;rug W.% wnqo u;=
fldg ;sf'
l=uk wnqo" .eg
meKsho Bg ;j;a
ilalhla .id ta wnqo
j,g flld,Sk i`ula

fidhkjd i" f wl
mdfNdackh" /ialsf
;kaydj w;ayer oukakg
hqKq hehs iu; ksid
iQodk ke;'
kqfuka yd ksjpkh
lsj,ska lsisfjl=g;a
mrdo fkdfjkakg ;r
Woaop Kqulska
ikakoao jQ f ksid
fkka k ta Woaop
kqu iu. uq f,dalhu
kdYh foig /f.k
hka ishs'
fidndoyu yd ka
w;r meje;s wfhdackSh
inkaOh foordf.dia

zz

;rj;a fkdjkd nj
jgyd.; yels h'
hqKq ishjfia ckm%sh yd
nyq,u frda. njg m;a
;sfnk tlafil frda.
f,i we;euqka y`kajk
fld,iagfrda,a" fm%Y"
n, iq. jeks frda.
j,ska fu i`oyd
fkdfhla Wmdhka
fhdoka ishs'
iuyrekaf.a yoj; m,d
lkaIka lr ;j;a l
ld,hlg md lr
fokakg ffjjreka
lghq;= lr;s'
wo jk g f,dlfha

miq.shod rf O m%foaYj, is
is wdjdiSka talrdYS lrf.k f,dal
wdjdiS kh iurkakg rch lghq;=
lf<a h' kuq;a wdjdiSka iu. wmg lsis
od mEfykakg ne nj ljqre;a jgyd
.; hq;= h' Tjqkaf.a ir< ;
meje;au yd hqKq ksidf.a
wmdfNdackSh meje;au w;r
mr;rh wyig fmdf<dj fuks'
wmg Tjqkaf.ka bf.k .kakg
fndfyda foa fjhs' fidnd oyu iu`.
ixyshdfjka la lrorj,ska f;drj
f,dalfha hy meje;au r`ojd .kaafka
flfiahs wmg lshd fokakg Tjqka i;=
Kqu Yauh okjk muKg m%udKj;a
h' kuq;a Wkaf.ka bf.k .kakg
wmf.a Woaop Kqu wmg bv
fkdfohs

imQKfhka u
wiajdNdl ksfils f
jk g ys fjka
iskafka' Tyqf.a ish
wjjYH;d wiajdNdl h'
wo jk g f,dalfha uq,a
;efka wnqoh njg m;a
we;s ys;,h Wkqiq u
inkao .egjg fya;=j
f hqKq hehs iu;
kidf.a hqKqj nj
meye,sju fmfkkakg
;snqKo" ;ju;a ta hqKqj
ms<sn`oj ksidg we;af;a
b;d by< ;lafiarejls'
kuq;a f,dalfha hqKqj
ksid we;s fjka mj;sk
kdYh i<ld n, l<
f ;lafiarej yqKavqjla

ZZ

isk yeu jeysfhla u


;ukag ms<sldjla
;sfnkakg bv we;ehs hk
wksIa; ye`.Sfuka
miqjk nj hqfrdamfha
hqKq ksiqkaf.a ffj
jd:djla fmkajd ;sKs'
kuq;a ms<sldf w.uq<
fidhd .kakg ;ju;a
hqKq ksid wiu;a h'
hful=g ms<sldjla
je<`k g tah wmg f
f,dalfha wks;H fufkys
lrkakg ldrKhla jkjd
yer" wmg df wkqyia
isyshg kkajkakg
ldrKhla jkafka ke;'
we;a;gu lshkjd k f
hqKq ksidf.a jk

wr.,h ,xldf rdcH


md,kh fuks' th
m%Yakj,ska .yKh" ta
m%Yakj,g .yk ,o
ilalj, nr ord.kakg
ne .dk h' fldhs
fudfydf;a lvdf.k
jef hs lshkakg ne
h' kuq;a w;ykakgo
leue;a;la ke;' wl
mdfNdackfhka hq;= h'
lEorh" wo muKla
mej;=fkd;a we;ehs i,ld
lghq;= lrhs'
miq.shod rf O
m%foaYj, is is wd
jdiSka talrdYS lrf.k
f,dal wdjdiS kh
iurkakg rch lghq;=
lf<a h' kuq;a wdjdiSka
iu. wmg lsis od
mEfykakg ne nj
ljqre;a jgyd .; hq;= h'
Tjqkaf.a ir< ;
meje;au yd hqKq
ksidf.a wmdfNdackSh
meje;au w;r mr;rh
wyig fmdf<dj fuks'
wmg Tjqkaf.ka
bf.k .kakg fndfyda
foa fjhs' fidnd oyu
iu`. ixyshdfjka la
lrorj,ska f;drj
f,dalfha hy meje;au
r`ojd .kaafka flfiahs
wmg lshd fokakg Tjqka
i;= Kqu Yauh okjk
muKg m%udKj;a h'
kuq;a Wkaf.ka bf.k
.kakg wmf.a Woaop
Kqu wmg bv
fkdfohs'
wdjdiSka fld;r
hqKq hs lshd lshkakg
fYa%IaG r;= bkahdkq
kdhl isheg,a iska
wefuldkq ckdm;s
fj; hejQ yiqKu
m%udKj;a h' wfma je
kdhl we;a;kao tjeks
hqKq laulska ikakoaO
nj i;Hhls' kuq;a
t;=uka zzwfma je kdhlZZ
fkdj zzwfma kdhlZZ lshd
lshkakg k wm g
jefhka fndfyda hqKq
h hq;= h'

frdydka iurkdhl

2011 wf.daia;=

04
ysgmq w. ksiqre ir;a tka'
is,ajd uy;d fld<U uyck
mqia;ld, Y%jKd.drfha l<
> foaYkfha uqs;
m%ldYkhls' yq ck myka
ixf.h Wfoid th fldgia
jYfhka fufia m, lruq' fuys
ish fldgia iq/lsj ;ndf.k
uid n,k f,i wm Tfnka
b;d Wjukdfjka b,a,d isuq'
imQK foaYkh tljr m,
lsug fkdyels u ms<sn`oj
lK.dgqj m%ldY lruq'
1980 uq,a jljdkqf
isg wjqre 30 l ld,
mfohla ;=< B,d
hqoaO 01 isg 04 olajd
kdlj fjka jQ ;%ia;jd
is,a hqoaOhlg wms
ish,af,dau f.dre jqKd'
ck;d mrudm;H" uQ,sl
ksia whs;sjdiSl" rdcH
lghq;= ms<sn`oj f;dr;=re
,nd.ekSf whs;sh" we;=
is,a yd m%cd;ka;%Sh
whs;sjdiSl hqoaOfha
i;=rdg tfrysj fufyh
f uqjdfjka iSud jqKd'
;jo tlS uqjdfjkau
IKh" {d;Ska iy
f.da,Nd,hska ix.%yh"
wldHlaIu;dj iy
ys;=uf;a jeo.;a ;SrK
.ekSu jeks wh;d l%u
j,ska ck;d mrudm;Hh
iqrlaIKhg w;HjYHjk
hy md,kh fj,kq ,enqjd'
fufia ck;d mrudm;Hh
f.dre lr.;a ms<sldjla
f,i Odhlh .ek fidhd
ne,Sug uu fuys fhduq
fjkjd'
hqoaOfha uqjdfjka f
ish whs;sjdiSl udkj
ysl hgm;a jQjd jdf.au
;j;a .=K .Kkdjla
biau;= jqKd' ka f
.=K iudchg" rgg"
ms<sldjla njg m;a fj,d
;sfnkjd' uu ka
fidhkakg n,kafka f
ms<sldj Odhlh o lshk
tlhs'
Odhlh" mrudm;H
hk ixl,am wdKavql%u
jHjia:d kS;shg wod, jk
tajdhs' f ia;rfh wm
rf W;a;;r kS;sh jk
wdKavql%u jHjia:djg
fhduq u fkdje,elah
yelshs' wdKavql%u
jHjia:df ;=kajeks
jHjia:dj wkqj Y%S ,xldf
mrudm;Hh ck;dj fj;
mej ;sfnk w;r thg
md,k n,;," uQ,sl
whs;sjdisl yd ijck
Pkaon,h o we;=<;a
fjkjd' tlS md,k n,;,
l%hd;aul f m%Odk
jYfhka fldgia ;=klg
fnod fjka l< yelshs'
01' kS;s imdokh lsf
n,h iy uQ,H md,kh
we;= ck;djf.a
jHjia:dOdhl n,h
l%hd;aul lrk
md,Sfk;=j' fyj;a
jHjia:dodhlh'
02' rdcH md,kh
fufyhf Odhl n,h"
ck;dj iska m;a lrkq
,nk n,h ckdm;s'

Odhl ckdm;sf.a
wiS; n,fhka iSud jk
Tf mrudm;H n,h

04

^m<uqjk fldgi&

ysgmq w. ksiqre ir;a tka' is,ajd uy;d


Odhlh'
03' kS;sh hgf;a msysgqjkq
,nk wlrK iska
wlrK n,ho l%shd;aul
lrkq ,ef' wlrKh'
y;rfjks jHjia:dj
wkqj f uu i`oyka
flref y;rjk
jHjia:df wka;.;hka'
ta lshkafka n,h fldgia
;=klg fn ;sfhkjd' ta
wdh;k ;=k yryd f
n,h ck;dj fjkqfjka
l%shd;aul fjkjd'
;=kafjks yd y;rfjks
jHjia:djkays fuu n,hka
fjka jQ wdh;k iska
l%shd;aul jkafka

n,hka ;=ka j.hla ;snqK


o" ta n,hka wdh;k
;=klg mej ;snqK o
jHjia:dodhlh" Odhlh"
wlrKh lshk ta n,hka
iEu wjia:djl u
ck;djf.a n,hka f,i
mj;skjd' zzck;dj iska
ta n,hka w;a fkdy,
yelafla hZZ lsh, ta
;jrg;a tu jHjia:df
i`oykaj ;sfnkjd' ta ksid
fY%AIAGdlrKh iska
;SrKh lr ;sfnkjd
jHjia:dOdhlh jk
md,Sfk;=j;a" Odhlh
jk ckdm;s l%uh;a'
wlrK;a f n,hka"
jHjia:dodhlh kS;s
mekfuka" kS;s l%shd;aul

jevu l< ys` uy


ry;ka jykafia uqj
ovhf fh is foajdk
msh;siai rc;=ud wu;d
mejiqf fufyuhs'
zzuyrc" i;a;ajhskag o"
wyfia mshdir lrk
mlaISkag o" Tng fuka u
j;af whs;shla we;'
rc;=ud jYfhka Tn f
fmdf<dfjys Ndrlrejd
muKla h'ZZ t;fldg f
Ndrlre lshk ixl,amh
jHjia:dfjka iy
fY%AIAGdlrKfha ;Ska
j,ska wfma rgg ka
y`kajd ;snqK;a" wE;
b;sydifha wfma
YsIaGdpdrfha uq, jYfhka
i,lk ys` uy ry;ka
jykafiaf.a mekSf u
Wka jykafia i`oyka
flref f ldrKhhs'
zzuyrc" i;a;ajhskag o"
wyfia mshdir lrk
mlaISkago" Tng fukau
j;af whs;shla we;ZZ
f jeo.;a lshuk
;%jreks" wfma
fY%AIAGdlrKfha
;Skaj, we;=<;a
;sfnkjd' ls%ia ruka;%S
keue;s ksIAphldrjrhd"
f lshuk cd;Hka;r
wlrKfha kvq
;Skajl o i`oyka lr
;sfnkjd'

n%dyauKhka iy
ffjYHhka lshk ;=ka
fldgi' ta ;=ka fldgiu
f wNsfYal ux.,a,hg
iyNd.s jqKd' iyNd.s
fj,d ta tla tla
fldGdih kj rc;=ud
wu;ka lshd isfha
zzuyrc " Tn;=ud
rcflfkla jYfhka wm
iska f;dard m;alr
.kakjdZZ lsh,d' ta
lshkafka f
m%cd;ka;%jdoh g fndfydau
biair' zz Tn;=ud rf
kS;shg iy is;a wkqj
Tn;=udf.a md,kh f.k
hd hq;= h" Tn ;=ud wm
wdrlaId l< hq;= h' tfia
lsug wiu;a jqjfyd;a
Tnf.a ysi y;a lvlg
me,S hkq we;'ZZ lsh,d f
m%;s{df i`oyka lrkjd'
f wo Bfha m%;s{djla
fkdfjhs' wog jir 2000
lg biai,a,d ,xldf rc
flfkla m;a jqfKa
tfyuhs'
ka rclu wdrEv
lr.kak wh;a tjeksu
m%;s{djlg hg;afjkjd
k fndfydau hym;a lshd
uu l,amkd lrkjd'
rclu .ek Wmfoia fok
;eke;a;ka fujeks
b;sydi fmd;a lshjd ta
Wmfoia fokjd k"

zz

f' wd' chjOk ckdm;s ;=ud f ;ks n,


iys; ckdm;s l%uh wdfoaY flrejd" 1977 '
Bg miqj th kj jHjia:djg we;=<;a jqKd' th
mgka .;a od mgkau ms<sl=,a jQ l%uhla f,i rf
jOkh jqKd' ckdm;s l%uh wdrN jqfKa
1978'
Bg miqj isud nKavdrKdhl ue;skshf.a m%cd
whs;sjdiSl wfydais l<d' ;ukag tfrysj
Pkaohlg t`<ug yelshdjla ;snqK m%;sjdoshdj
foaYmd,k lafIa;%fhka bj;a l<d'
f*dkafiald ue;s;=udg;a tjekakla u isjQjdhs
wms ka fidhd ne,sh hq;=hs' fuh ckdm;s
l%ufha m%jk;djhla' tfyu ;ud kQ;k ckdm;s
l%uh ilia ;sfnkafka'

zzck;djf.a n,hka f,i


o ck;dj iska ta n,hka
w;a fkdy, yels f,i oZZ
hkqfjka i`oyka
;sfnkjd' ta moku u;
jHjia:dodhl" Odhl yd
wlrK hk wdh;k
ck;djf.a mrudm;Hhg
we;=,a jk tlS n,hkays
Ndrlrejka muKla nj
wm fYa%IAGdlrKh iska
;SrKh lr we;' ta
fndfyda ;Skaj,g uu
odhl fj,d ;sfhkjd'
wfma fY%aIaGdlrKfhka
;Ska lr,d ;sfhkafka
fndfyda fj,djg f

ZZ

lsfuka f rf fufyh
f iy rf wdrjq,a
;SrKh lsf n,h
ck;dj fjkqfjka"
ck;djf.a Ndrlrejka
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l%shd;aul l< hq;=hs lsh,d'
f Ndrlrejka lshk
ixl,amh fkdkdjreKs"
uy;ajreks" jHjia:dfjka
wfma rgg y`kajd kak
ixl,amhla fkdf'
zzmd,lhd n,fha
Ndrlrefjla muKla hZZ
hkak wfma b;sydifha uq,a
nei.;a ixl,amhla' jir
2200 lg fmr yska;,hg

;j o f Ndrlre
lshk ixl,amh biau;=
jk wjia:d fndfydauhla
wfma b;syifha ;sfnkjd'
wfma b;sydi fmd;aj,
i`oyka ;sfnkjd
rcflfkla flfia ;u
;k;=r Ndr .kafka o
hkak' ta ux.,a,h
wNsfIal ux.,a,hla
jYfhka i`oyka fjkjd'
f wNsfIal ux.,a,hg
tjlg iudcfha
fldgialrejka jQ ;=ka
fldgila iyNd.S jqKd'
laI;%shka" ta lshkafka
by< l=,j, wh

ufkda{hs lshd ud
is;kjd' t;k lshd isfha
Tn ;=ud rf kS;sh yd
is;a wkqj rg md,kh
lrkak" wmj wdrlaId
lrkak" tfia fkdlf<d;a
Tf ysi y;a lvlg me,S
hkq we; lshdhs'
ka fuh b;sydi
fmd;aj, i`oyka lrkafka
il%Sh jQ wjjdohla
yghs' fmd;mf;a i`oyka
fjkjd kS;sh lvlrmq
;=kajk Woh rc;=ud"
ck;dj iska ler,s .id
m,jd yeh nj'
pQ,jxYfha i`oyka fjkjd"

Woh rc;=udg ,la jQ


brKug miq rcjre kS;sh
yd im%odhka wkqj ;u
lghq;= is l<dh lsh,d'
ka f inkaOfhka
;j;a ixl,amhla i`oyka
fj,d ;sfnkjd" uu Wmqgd
olajkjd tl fldgila'
wfma fY%aIaGdlrKfha
ksIaphldrfhlaj is"
ka Y%du f.dia isk w;s
W.;a mqoa.,fhla jk
wdpdh ta' wd' '
wurisxy" t;=ud jeo.;a
fmd;la ,shd ;sfnkjd" zzY%S
,xldf kS;s WreuhZZ
lshd' tu fmdf;ys 139 jk
msgqf fcdaka f lshk
bx.Sis b;sydi{hd 1821
,shk ,o rpkhlska
fldgila Wmqgd olajkjd'
ta Wmqgd olajk fldgihs
uu lshjkafka' zzrcjreka
flfrys kshu lr we;s
;skag o" fyd`o
l=udrfhl=f.a hym;a
wdoYhg o pd;%j,g o
mgyeksj lsis h rfcla
l%shd lrk njg ck;dj
;=< Yajdihla my, jQ g
tu rcqg reoaO " tyqg
tfrysj iduQyslj ke.S isg
isxydikfhka my lsu
hqla;s iy.; hehs" ck;dj
iska i,ld we;' ta wkqj
l%shd l< wjia:d o tug
we;'ZZ Tkak f Wmqgd .;a
fldgi' t;fldg fl
;ud wfma rdcdKavq
b;sydih" f
mrudm;Hh tkav
biafi,a,d' mrudm;Hh
il%Sh jYfhka l%shd;aul
fj,d ;sfhkjd" f rf
f wdldrhg' tal wms
ljqre;a okafka kE' ux
fmr i`oyka flrejd jdf.a
rdcdKavq .ek lshk
ksiaiq wjdikdjlg
jdf.a f fmd;a lshj,d
kE' msgqj ysgka lsh,d
fokak ;uqka Wmfoia
fok ;eke;a;kag f
msgqj;a lreKdlr,d .syska
lshjd fok fuka uu
b,a,Sula lrkjd' ck;djg
tfrysj ck;djf.a
wNsjDhg" iqNisoahg
tfrysj l%shd l<d k ta
rc;=ud my lsug ck;dj
whs;shla ;sf h" lshd
ck;dj tla /ia ler,s
.eiSu wfma ,xldf
meje;s im%odh lsh,d f
ff.a mrK fmd;la
Wmqgdf.k wurisxy
uy;auhd i`oyka lrkjd'
wms ka wd.l
me;a;g lla fhduq fjuq
f uyskaod.ukh .ek
tfyu yq`.la l;dfjk
yskaod' wms ljqre;a
fn!oaOhska okakjd" uyd
11 jeks msgqjg'''''

2011

wf.daia;=

05

Wkaf.a la wikakg wmg bvla ,enqKd o@


zzfudlo wfkaZZ <`. ys`o is ;=h ug je,fgka
wekafka uf.a iqiqf nr wehg kS jkakg we;'
f.or wdmq fldKaf lmmq <uhs' Wkag fudkjd
fj,d we;a o@ fudkjd fjkak o@ lsisu fohla fj,d
ke;sj we;s' lsisu lsis fohla'
fujr uu fld<U isk ,Sm,dg l;d lf<a ke;' ta
uf.a u orejka fkdfhs weiqf ke;' ta fjkqjg ;ka
fofk;a mshd .;s' ta w;r wm /.;a jdykh f.fhka
fou< m%foaY myq lrka isxy, m%foaY lrd weKs'

ysi yrjd cfka,fhka msg;g fk;a fhduq lf<a is; o


fjk;l yerfhehs n,dfmdfrd;a;=fjks' wm miqlrka
iskafka ixjOkh lrd blsuka .uka hk m%foaYhhs'
mq,a jQ" b .eiQ ;o l meyehg m;a jQ uyd ud.h o"
uy u.ska wE;g ;,a .sh ksfjia yd f.dvke.s<s o"
ysia N+ yryd ysia Tijd isk jeka; ,a fnda o
ixjOkfha wdIapHh wmg lshd mdkakd fia h' fjd
Wka fjkqfjka k fkdjk nj wm ish fokd oksuq'
tfy;a ta o fkdokakd fia iskafkauq' ke;ak ta Wka

yd''''''''y''''''''''y''''''''''''yd'''''''''
ya'''''''''''''''''''''''''''
,, ,, ,d'''''''''',,,
,,d'''''''''''

mKqjka jid fyysg l=Kqj hkjd we;' mqlafld,d


fyysg wu;lj j`oj hkjd we;' fmryer o fyysg
we wjika jkjd we;'
fldiu .ek l;d lrkakg" n,dfmdfrd;a;= jkakg"
Yajdi ;nkakg" is;a ikyd .kakg lsisjla we;ahs
lshkakg okakd lsisfjl= we;ahs iel ysf;k ;r h'
fldiu ka fmr o we;a .sh lf<l f o
fldiula muKla u fkdjkafkahehs wm flfia k
wyuq o@
wd w;a; ks w,odhs
^ljqre .y, o w`vkafka
WU&
W;a;d fid,a,s w
^.ymq flkd lshd w`vdmka&

wd rd frda'''''''''''''
wd jfrda'''''''''''''
wd w;a;'''''''''''''''kS
w,odhs
w;a;df'''''''''''fid,a,s
w''''''''
wd rd frda'''''''''wd jfrda
mqlafld,dj o Wkaf.a
wu,d Wl=f,a fydjd
k<jkakg we;''''''''''Wka
ke<fjoa f ke,,s .S
.efhkakg we;' Wkag
tajd wefikakg we;' Wka
o fkl ta ke<,s .S
.hkakg fmre mqrkakg
we;''''''ySk olskakg we;'''
wd rd frda'''''''''''''
wd jfrda'''''''''''''
wd w;a;'''''kS w,odhs ^ljqre .y,o WU w`vkafka&
w;a;df''''fid,a,s w ^.ymq flkd lshd w`vdmka&
wd rd frda''''wd jfrda
mqlafld uf.au orefjl= k wehg f foa lf<a
ljqhs wef.ka fkduid ud ye ta o@ wehg .eyqf
ljqhs ud fkduid o@ wehshs fkduid o@ ta ish
u orejkag iqj fkdjkd ;=jd, is ;sh;a Wka nod
je<`o" ysi w;.d Wka <`. ys`o" Wka iqjm;a fkdfldg
wmf.a is;a ikykakg Wka .dhkd l< bka i;=gq ye
tkakg ;r wm ieyeis jQfha flf,i o@
w; fmdjk udkfha we;s ish u u,a iQrd mQcdfldg
Wfoa yjd f;rejka irK hk nj mqk mqkd lshk
wms'''''''i;r fmdahg u iq j;ska ieriS uyd Nla;sfhka
fma nqkaf.a joka fufkys lrkakg" iud.; jkakg"
wks;H fufkys lrkakg ie meye fm<.efikd
wms'''''''nqkaf.a f;u.=, isys lrkakg mqrd taldf,dal
lrka uyd f;drka rdchka je`o mqod .kska ykahla
ykahla .dfka nv mef,kakg okaie,a foka l=i,a u
tla/ia lrkakg fjfyfikd wms'''''nqoaOd,nk m%S;sfhka
nqka jykafiaf.a ms<su b lrka uyd mqkHluhkays
kshef,k wms'''''
b;ska@
b;ska wmf.a fn!oaO nj ;yjqre lr .kakg"
m%oYkh lrkakg wm fu;ru W;aidy lrkafka wehs@
ienE fn!oaOfhl= ;=< ;sh hq;= .=K oy wm ;=<
ke;ehs wmgu fkk ksid o@ we;=<; mj;sk tu
w;Dma;sh f;are .ekSug" th lSug wm h ksid o@
wmf.a fn!oaOlu .ek wmgu iel ksid o@ ke;fyd;a
f m%oYkhg uqjy hula wu;l fldg oukakg" j,
oukakg wm ;=< we;s wjYH;djhla ksid o@
nqka foiQ Ouhg wkqj j;a f k" wmf.a
oYkh ta ffu;s%fha" ;%;ajfha m%ldYkhla k w`v fnr
.ika" wfkl=kag we`.s,af,ka wkska wmf.a fn!oaO nj
m%ldY lr .kakg wm fu;r fjfyi fjuq o@'''''''''''''
ta orejka uqyqK foka is fLojdplh wm uq, isg u
k isfhuq' tfy;a Wka flfrys fn!oaOhka fia
yeisfrkakg" wmf.a ffu;%sh ;%;ajfha yia:h Wkafj;
.= lrkakg" ta uyd lreKdf wkq.dlhka fia l%shd
lrkakg wm wiu;a uq'
ka ta ish,a, w;S;hhs'''''''''
oeka'''''''''@@@
ka wm lrka bkafka l=ula o@ Bg fjkia jQ jvd
hym;a fohla o@ Wka wk;=rg ouka" Wka wiykhg m;a
lrka" Wkag ffj jkakg bvlv i<id foka wm
fmrg;a jvd uq.aO njlska yeisfrka fkdisuq o@
nf isg mmqj yryd ysi fj; we hk .skaklska ud
we;=<; fjkq fka' ;j rg;a oEia mshd ish fkdyel'

PdhdrEmh ( wka; cd,fhks

i`oyd nj Yajdi lrkakg wdYdfjka n,d isuq' f


ixjOkfhka Wkag ,nd.; yelsjkq we;af;a lula o@
h fkl lsfkkakg" wdfhdaclhskaf.a ymhla njg
m;a fjkakg bvlvla u muKs'
fujka ixjOk jHdmD;Ska ;=< ksiqka ke;' ksiqka
fjkqfjka jQ" ksiqka i`oyd jQ ksiqka iska fhdackd
l<d jQ lsisjlau f ixjOkhka ;=< ke;' tajd
l%shd;aul jkafka Okh yd n,h i`oyd h'''''' tajd
fhdackd jkafka ;kaydj yd wdYdj isks'
f,dalfha iEu wiaila uq,a,la u f fudfydf;a
ixjOkfha kka" hqKqf kka uqyqK foka bkakd
h:d:h thhs' ksiqka wj;eka lrka ,dN Y%lhka
fyj;a jyka njg m;a lrka" uy fmdf,df yd
iajNdj Oufha reysre Wrd fndka''''IKh
lrka''''''iQrd lka flfrk ixjOkfha f,ap

fldiul h hq;af;a f;dard m;al< 8


fofkl= muKla o@ ijka fokakka h hq;af;a
tu wg fokd muKlau o@ fldiu bfha
l;d lsug bv ,ndh hq;af;a f;dard .;a
w;f,diaila fofkl=g muKu o@ fmdaruhla
mqrjd fuka muKla wfkl=kag ;u l m%ldY
lsug bvla ,efhehs is;d iekfiuq o@
wudkqIsl i;Hh thhs'
tfyjq f,dalhl mqlafld,d fjkqfjka fYaI;ajhla
jkakg lsis bvla ke;' hlv jQ .skakla mqka l
y`vd o@
mqlafld,d .ek ohdjla f;;ukhla we;s h
yelafla wm is;a i;ka ;=< u muKs' Wkaf.a zz;ZZ w:
lah yelafla o w:hla h yelafla o wmg u muKs'
mK wka wjika yqiqu fmdo fy,ka bkakd ta
;j,g yqiau msh yelafla wmg u muKs'
f.!rjfhka wNsudkfhka hq;= ksoyia .eyekqka fia
jefvkakg wjYH mirh wm Wka fjkqfjka ilid h
hq;= h' ySk .sh wd;au iajdih Wka ;=< f.dv kekah
hq;= h' Wkag w;a ySk ,ndh hq;= h'''''''''''''''''
m<uqfjka Wkaf.a .eUqre jQ ;=jd, iqjm;a l< hq;= h'
Bg fjolu fiau fyolu o wjYH f'
zzwehs jg fkf o W.;a mdv yd ixys`hd fldiu
;sfhkafka@ZZ fld<U bkakd wmf.a iuyr hdjka
wikjd we;'
zzixys`hd fkdfjhs m%;sixOdkZZ ;j;a iuyreka lshkjd
we;' y jpkh f;dard .kakg" foaYmd,kslj ksjer
jpk muKlau Nd; lrkakka njg i;=gq jkakg ;j;a
jghla jeh fjkjd we;'
ta w;r ;j;a wh" ;j;a ;ekaj, ixjdo" idlpd" jdo
- jdo jevuq mj;ajkjd we;' Wkaf.a ;=jd,j,g by`o

ol=Kq wm%sldf
fviauka gqgQ,df.a
zi;Hfha yd ixyshdf
fldiuZ k .= lE
Wkaf.ka tfia weiQ nj;a"
Wkag lshkakg we;s foag
Wkkkafjka lka ka
nj;a" Wkaf.a ;=jd,j,g
ms<sh fijQ nj;a" Wka
bka ixyshdjg m;a jQ
nj;a" ;h w;ska mgka
.ekSug th u Wkag uy;a
msgqjy,la jQ nj;a wm
fkdfhla l;dka;r"
jd;d" fmd;am;a u.ska
wid we;af;uq' mska;+r l
we;af;uq' Wkaf.a rg ;=<
muKla fkdj wfma rgj,a

;=<g o f;dr;=re .,d tkakg ;r ta fldiu jD;a;


h' kso fmfkk iq h' wjxl i;Hfha jqjukdfjka
hqla; h'
wfma fldif ijkaf ld,h wjika fjka ;sf'
wmg weiqfka fudkjd o@ Wkaf.a la wikakg wmg bvla
,enqKd o@ ta l fnod .kakg" la ksjkakg iydh
jkakg wmg wjia:dj ,ef o@
fldiul h hq;af;a f;dard m;al< 8 fofkl=
muKla o@ ijka fokakka h hq;af;a tu wg fokd
muKlau o@ fldiu bfha l;d lsug bv ,ndh
hq;af;a f;dard .;a w;f,diaila fofkl=g muKu o@
fmdaruhla mqrjd fuka muKla wfkl=kag ;u l m%ldY
lsug bvla ,efhehs is;d iekfiuq o@
mqlafld,dg fyda l;d lsug wjia:dj i<id u
jeys wm ieuf.a j.lSu yd hq;=lu fkdf o@ Wkag
we;sjk ;=re l;d lrkakg bv wm ieu wikakkaj
bjiSfuka ish hq;= fkdf o@
''''''''''''''''''''''
zzl=ud wms n,df.k ysfha'''''''''''fudllafoda nr
l,amkdjl'''''''nyskak'''f;a fnduq' WKq WKq W` jf
;sfhkjd" fyd`o ifndaf,l=;a tlal'ZZ
zzish i;a;ajfhda ksla fj;ajdZZ
zzfudlo yiaisfha nK lshkak ys;=k o@ZZ
zzf'''nK lsjqjg lula kE''''lshk nfKa yhg
ms<smkak fkaZZ
zzTh ish i;a;ajfhda f.dvg fou< l;d lrk ksiaiq
whs;s ke;sj we;s fka o@ZZ
zzpKavdfYdal OudfYdal jqfKa uyd kdYld hqoaOhlska
miafia l<ls,d''''''ljqo okafka wfma lh;a g miafia
yhgu Ouh ms<sm o lsh,dZZ
zzta lshkafka Oumd,," Ouj;S," Oufiak,d fjhs
lsh, o@ZZ
zzThd l,amkd lf<a wr .eyeKq <uhs .ek fka o@
m'''y lhs fka''''ta jqKdg Thdg ysf;kafka ke;a o
wvq.dfka ta <uhskag f fj,df nv.skakg lkak
fohla ;sfhkjd' f;ag wdrlaIdjla ;sfhkjd'''''ysig
jy,la ke;sj <uhska fo;=ka fokd tlal ;ksjqkq ;reK
.eyeKq oyia .Kkla W;=re kef.kysr bkakjd' ta wh
.ek wms fudkjo ys;kafka@'''''t<shg hk ojila okafka
ke;sj ;du;a l`ojqrej, .sks riafkg ms ms bkak
fmdjqka@''' Wka .ek fudkd o wms lrkakfka@ fpdaokd
m;%hlaj;a ke;sj wjqre .dKla ysr f.j,a we;=f<a
f;a fyd`o ldf,a f.jk fl,af,da fld,af,da oyia
.dKla .ek wms fudlo lrkafka''''''''''ZZ
zzish i;ajfhda ksla''''''u fj;ajd''''ZZ
l;d ny ueo wms W` jf ld" bx maf,aka fjuq'
zzn,kakflda y`o mdhdf.k tk wmQrejZZ

l=ud l=udr.uf.a

06

2011 wf.dai;=

f,aljhka fijQ rejkaje,af,a fi


f ld,fha mqj;am;aj, olskakg we;s fj<`o ka
w;r hka;r uka;r" jYS .=rl iaunkaO fj<`o ka
fndfydauhla l.; yels h' kSp l=, wNsryia .=rel"
uyd n,.;= frd l=,fha .=rel" j Yla;s .=ma;
.=rel" w;s m%N, f;<s`.= jYS .=rl tajdfha YSIhka
lsysmhla muKls' fjd lrk .=rekakdkafia,df.a kj,
yq,jd,shd" j,a,s" j,a,s uEksfhda" .=re;=ud" .=re uEKsfhda
jeKs .=ma; ye`.S okjk fh wE`od ;sfnkq lsh yelshs'
ms" .eyekq fohla ke;sj f rf fndfyda fofkla
f cdjdrf fhfohs' jeo.;au ldrKh jkafka f w;r
yduqrefjda kka fmkS isk who isuhs' f lafIa;%h
;lall" l=mdl" IK" /je wd fulS fkdlS
rdpdr ish,af,kau .yk nj tmamq lsug kEjg;a
jeh idlaIs ;sf' ksiqka Wmhk Okh jl%dldrfhka
uxfld,a,lEu yd ;j;a fndfyda kE tmdl f yryd
bIag lr.ekS flS msiaj, wruqK ;sf'
miq.sh ld,hmqrd m;a;r msgq mqrd Yd, m%udKfha
ka m, l< wfhls rejkaje,af,a ta' fidaNs; ys k
mqoa.,hd' ta ys f.a jYS .=rel flrejdj lafjk
kaug wu;rj miq.sh ld,fha jka jr ;j;a ka
m, lr ;sKs' bka lshejqfka rejkaje,af,a fidaNs; ys
f,aljhla fidhk njhs' ld,hla ;sfiafia f ys f
f,aljhka fiu lrf.k .sh nj f mqj;am;a ka
foi wjOdkfhka is wfhl=g fyd`oska jgyd .; yels h'
fk;a t*a' t' .=jka,s kd,sldf ldYh jk
ld,Sk jevigykla jk zne.,Z jevigyk miq.sh od
f ms<sn`oj wmQre fy,sorjla lf<a h' ne.,
ksIamdol lKavdhu ksfhdackh lrk ;reKshla yd ta'
fidaNs; ys w;r is jQ rl;k ixjdohl fldgila
fufi h'
;reKsh ( wfma yduqrejfka uu fkld lsh,d flfkla
uy kqjka" Tn jykafiag fldhs jf.a foaj,aj,g o msysg
fjkak mqjkalu ;sfhkafka @
ta' fidaNs; ys ( ka fudlla o wfma fkdakg flfrkak
fka @
;reKsh ( foaY rglg hd .kak ka f yq`. ld,hla
;siafia'''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( fldhs jf.a rglg o hkak woyia
lrkafka @
;reKsh ( iaf%,shdj jf.a rglg ;uhs''''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( jhi lSh o@
;reKsh ( wjqre 26 la''''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( 26 la fka o@ ,xldf fcd tlla
lrkak leu;s keoa o @
;reKsh ( ,xldf''''''''''ug wr biair b`okau wfma
yduqrejfka" hkav lsh,d" msg rglg .sys,a,d bkav ;uhs
f,dl= wdidjla ;sfhkafka' talg ;uhs uu f iEfyk
ld,hla ;siafia'''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( ka uu <ufhla fydhkjd f uf.a
T*Sia tlg' ux ys .uka cmdfka" Tiaf%,shdj"
isx.mamQref jf.a" tfyu hk fj,djl k .sys,a,d
niaikak mqjka'
;reKsh ( Tn jykafia hkj o yduqrejfka @
ta' fidaNs; ys ( kE uu yeu ;siafi u hkafka kE' uu
ksudvqjla wdjyu fria lrkak' cmdkh"
uef,aYshd''''''uf.a jHdmdr f.dvdla ;sfhkjd' uu b;sx
<ufhla fyjqjd' uu m;a;fg;a ud' f ndysr
lrorj,ska f;drj''''''fyd`o nx.f,da tlla yn fjkjd'
f,vla lla yekdu m%hsj fydiamsg,a''''b;ska uf.a
iakia n,df.k'''''<ufhla fyd`o fmkqu
;sfhk''''Thdf.a mjqf,a ljq o bkafka @
;reKsh ( uu ;rhs wfma yduqrejfka'''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( t;fldg wlal,d" whsh,d" kx.s,d ke;a
o@
;reKsh ( ljqre;a kE wfma yduqrejfka''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( tfykka b;sx lrorhla kEfka' wuhs
;d;a;hs fudkj o lrkafka @
;reKsh ( wuhs ;d;a;hs'' ka biairk .=rejre''' '''
ka wfma yduqrejfka tf.d,af,da Y%du .sys,a,d'
ta' fidaNs; ys ( gh fj,d@''' b;sx Thd tkakflda uf.a
iakiaj,g fy,ama fj,d" leu;sk''' Thd lla fmkqu
o@
;reKsh ( T wfma yduqrejfka @
ta' fidaNs; ys ( kqjr <ufhla ksid uu ys;kjd fyd`ohs
lsh,d @
ix.r;akh hkq nqka jykafiaf.a wkq.dlfhda h'
Wka jykafia,d .syshkaf.ka fjkia jkafka flfiahs
lshd nqka jykafiaf.a b.ekaj, ths' kuq;a f ta'
fidaNs; yduqrefjda fidhkafka f,aljhls' t;=ukag
T*Sia tlla o ;sf' ta ujdg iakia ;sf' tfiak f

mqoa.,hd nqkajykafiaf.a wkq.dlfhl= f,i wmg


ms<s.kakg fkdyel' kuq;a f jeks mqoa.,hka ysjreka
fkdjk nj rgg fy<s l< hq;af;a f oyu .ek wmg
jvd fyd`ka okakd Wohhs'
tmuKla fkdfjhs' f ta' fidaNs; yduqrefjda
n,dfmdfrd;a;= jk f,aLjh fyd`o fmkqu we;s wfhla
h hq;=h h' zzThd fmkqu oZZ lshd wikafka ta ksid h'
;reKsh ( fmkqu k ux ys;kafka'''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( fmkqu ;sfhkjd o @
;reKsh ( tfyhs''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( b;sx tkakflda uf.a iakia tfyu n,d
lshdf.k''' tpr jevla kE' Th la `kak fka kE'
ux fyd`o jegqmla f.jkk' nx.f,da tlla yn fjkjd'
f,vla lla yefkd;a m%hsj fydiams,a'
;reKsh ( ya'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( fudl o ukqiai ;h lshkafka
`ojkak fkf" `kak fka'
;reKsh ( tfyhs''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( fudlo wms l ld,hhsfka j;a
fjkafka' wmsg ljqrej;a fj ;shkak fka kE' msysfhka
wkskak fka kE' weis .ykak fka kE' urefjla
lEj;a we;s fka@ WKla yek;a we;s' wkak ta ksid

m<uq ldrKdj jkafka Tjqka foaY.;


jkafka u ;ukag we;s wdl" idudchsh
m%Yakj,ska .,ug u.la fkdue;s jQ g h'
m%Yakj,ska f.dv tkakg nej isk wfhl=g
tfia m%Yak we;sjkafka ljqreka fyda .=relula
lr we;s ksid fyd tjeks .=ma; ldrKdjla
ksidhehs ufkdNdjhla we;s lsu myiq h'
Tjqka fndfyduhla wOHdmksl w;ska yd
idudchSh kqu w;ska mam;a u f cdjdr
ldrhskag ;j;a jdis iy.; ;;a;ajhls'
wfkla w;g f foaY /lshd i`oyd hk
ldka;djkaf.a o mqreIhkaf.a o mjq,a wjq,a
u m%;sY;hla f,i by< h' ta ksidu msgrg
fjfik wh;a ta whf.a furg fjfik mjqf,a
wh;a bkafka wjq,lh' f trg furg wjq,a
iy.; ;;a;ajh f hka;r uka;r
;lalkag wdYSjdohla ;sfnhs' f
ish,a,gu jvd jeo.;a idOlh jkafka
idudlhka rg.sh mjq,aj, yd rg isk
mqoa.,hska i;=j Tjqka la uykaisfhka Wmhd
.;a uqo,a ;suhs' ta ksid f foia .;
orejka <`. m%Yak;a uqo;a hk f
;lalkag wjYH ish idOl ;sfnk nj Wka
okshs'
;h lshkafka `ojkak fkfjhs" `kak fka' ta
lshkafka wms mqjka ;r ikaf;dafika bkak fka'
;reKsh ( y'''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( t;fldg Thdg ndysr lror fudl=;a kE@
;reKsh ( tfyu lror kE" wfma yduqrejfka f'' fl
;uhs y ys;a ;ejq,la f iEfyk ldf,l b`oka''''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( kE'''''kE'''''udkislj jefgkak tmd'
iaf%,shd lshkafka f,aisfhka hkak neye'
iaf%,shdf b;sx uf.a inkaOl ;sfhkjd'
;reKsh ( wfma yduqrejkag f yn fjkjd
o'''''''''''''''''''@
ta' fidaNs; ys ( wfmda ug fldprj;a ynfj,d
;sfhkjd' uu f lshkafka f,dl= wdh;khla' foia
foia rgj,a tlalufka inkaOlu ;sfhkafka' uf.a
wlalr 50l f;a j;a;la ;sfhkjd' fld<U f.j,a ;=k
y;rla ;sfhkjd''''
;reKsh ( tfyu o wfma yduqrejfka'''@
ta fidaNs; ys ( fc iakia" B .djg wms Th ,Eka"
bv .kakjd' ka f ojiaj,;a fm%dfcla tlla
lrkjd' ,aka tlla yokjd'
;reKsh ( tfyhs'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( wks;a tl f lshk ;r iqkaor kE'''
wks;a tl ,xldf bkakjd k mqjka j;afjkak'''
;reKsh ( tfyhs wfma yduqrejfka'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( Thdf.a knf lshkak ug@
f m; iudcfha oyila n,dfmdfrd;a;="
wiSudka;sl wYdjka w;r w;rux isk mqoa.,fhl=f.a
.egjlg ta' fidaNs; ys k mqoa.,hdf.ka ,efnk
wkqidikd fufia h' ukqiai ;h wksh; h' tneka

yels ;r l iem `uh


l< hq;af;a" f ys
foaYkd lrhs' f nq oyu
o@ ke;sk l=ulahs Tn u
f;drd frd .kak'
f hka;r uka;r
ldrhka lrkafka fndr
fha ud nEu h' ke;sk
jHik u; hemSu h'
;reKsh ( fyf,da@
ta' fidaNs; ys ( fkld
iS o@
;reKsh ( wfma
yduqrejfka'' lshkak'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( lrorhs o
l;d lrk tl'''''
;reKsh ( kE'' lula kE''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( kE''' uu kslx .;af;a f''''' wmsg b;sx fka
rgl hkak tkak mqjka'''
;reKsh ( tfyuhs wfma yduqrejfka''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( f;a lshkafka `ojkak fkfjhs" `kak fka
y o@ biair ;uhs Th jdy fj,d" f.j,aj, mrK fmdfrdkao
n,,d'''t;fldg wfma ldf,a bjrhs' ojiska oji wms jhig hkjd
ila ;reK fjkafka kEfka' tal ksid f ldf,a lr.kak lshk
tlla fyd`og u tkafcdahs fjkak kE' b;sx wr talhs uu lSf"
wmg fyd`o *ka tlla .kak mqjka' uf.a fyd`o ,iaik tiaf
tlla ;sfhkjd' ld,d ,d fcd,sfha bkav fk'
;reKsh ( *ka tl @ fldfydu o wfma yduqrejfka''''ug tal
f;afrka kE b;sx'''@
ta' fidaNs; ys ( *ka tl lshkafka ;ksfhka lkjd fndkjd
fkfuhs' lshkafka <uhs yod.kak fkfuhs'
;reKsh ( tfyhs'
ta' fidaNs; ys ( kslx wms ism je<`of.k''' xxx me;af;ka fyd`og
ixf;dai fj,d' okakjdfka b;sx'' lshkafka" <uhs yod.ekSu
fkfuhs'
;reKsh ( tfyhs'
ta' fidaNs; ys ( wdofrka b`o,d' ld,d ,d' Th ;reK fl,af,da"
Th biafldaf,a hk ody;f my,f'''fyd`o mka tl .kakjd
b;sx'''
wks;a tl f ldf,a lrkak fka foa jhig .sys,a,d lrf.k
jevl=;a kE' b;sx ug jdyk ;=k y;rla ;sfhkjd' uu md
lrk jdyfka fldahhs ,laI y;,syla' wdvnflg lshkjd
fkfuhs'
;reKsh ( tfyhs'
ta' fidaNs; ys ( uf.a .dj wdvnrhla kE' uu n,kafka fjd
hkfldg wrka hkafka kE' fjd hqKqj bkaklx fyd`o
fl,af,la ynjqfkd;a'' ;ekam;a" wmg fcd,sfha bkak mqjka'
;reKsh ( tfyhs'
ta' fidaNs; ys ( fulo uu ;rla i;=gq fj,d nE' Th;a i;=gq
fjkak tmehs'
;reKsh ( tfyhs'
ldrKh f muKgu oreKq h' yuqrefjda f,i fmkS ysk
f ;eke;a;d" f.dr w; yk yevla ke;' W;aidyh
j<`okakgu h' f iudcfha we;s fndfyda ia is;a f ta' fidNs;
ys k mqoa.,hd wkqu; lrhs' ka wmg .ejla mek kef.hs'
we;a;gu f fn!oaO ys kula o @ tfia fkdjkafka k hlsis
udkisl jHdhlska fm,k mqoa,.fhla o @ kuq;a jeo.;a ldrKdj
jkafka f mqoa.,hd jir .Kkdjla ;siafia f wdldrfhka
m%isoafha fufia lghq;= lrf.k isuhss' ta ish wlghq;= Tyq
iska is lrkafka isjqrla ordf.k fn!oaO ys kula fYfhks'
f mqoa.,hdf,ka ydks folla fjhs' tlla k f mqoa.,hdf.
f jHdchg yiqjk ldka;djkag yd mqoa.,hskag fjk ydkshhs'
fojekak isjqrla ordf.k fujeks foaj,a lsfuka nq oyug

fk;a t*a' t' ne., je


rejkaje,af,a msys ;gq y
mqoa.,hd w;=reoka ;sKs

2011 wf.daia;=

07

idaNs; ys k jQ jYS .=rlldrhd


isjk ydkshhs'
kuq;a f fojk ldrKh
ms<sn`o wm jevd
ie,ls,a,la lah hq;= h'
ta frf isk uyd
kdhl ysjre" nqoaOidik
wud;HdxYh" fn!oaOlghq;=
flduidia wd jq wdh;k
yd mqoa.,hska fujeks
isjqreOdkaf.a l%shd wkqu;
lrkakd fia ksy`vj
iSkafka f l%shd wkqu;
lrk ksidohs m%:ufhka
jgyd.ekSu iudchg
jeo.;a jk ksid h' f
ys kula fkdj nj ta wh iska rgg iudchg lshd isk ;dla
l,a fujeks mqoa.,hska ysjreka f,i fmkS iska iudchg
lrk f wlghq;=l ksud fkdjkafka h'
f rejkaje,af,a ta' fidaNs; ys k ;eke;a;d .ek wm
mqj;am;g ,shk nj k.;a rejkaje,af,a ys .ek fyd`ka okakd
kS;S{ uyf;l= wmg lSf Wka jykafia ta m%foaYfha b;d n,j;a
p;hla nj;a wod, m%foaYfha fmd,sisfha f,dl= uy;ajrekaf.a
wdrlaIdj mjd Wka jykafiag we;s nj;a f jeks ,smshla m< lsu
we`.g .=K fkdjk nj;a h'
ne., jev igyk wu;d rejkaje,a, m%foaYfha ldka;djla
f ys ku ms<sn`oj m, l< woyils f'
zzwe;a;g u lshkjd k uy;a;hd Tn ;=ud,g f.dvdla
ia;+;sjka; fjkjd f jf.a fydre w,a,,d fokjg' f fidaNs;
yduqrefjda .ek wms ys; ys;uhs ysfha' we;a;g u lshkjk"
thd .=rel lrk ksid nhhs" fuhd .ek meye,sj lshkak' kuq;a
we;a;g u fydfrla' nqoaO idifkag u wf.!rjhla' mjla thd
lrkafka' fl,af,da wudref odkjd' ,iaik .Ekq <uhskag ;ud
f.dvla thd l;d lrkafka' ka fjk jqjukdj,aj,g hkak .shdu
thd fndrejg fujqj lr,d fokjd' wksla tl msg rgj,ska
iEfykav i,a,s f.kak .kakjd' .=relx lr,d fokjd lsh,d'ZZ
/lshd i`oyd foia.; we;s wh f .=rel lrk
mqoa.,hskaf.a m%Odk wdodh b,lalhls' fudjqkaf.a fj<`o
kaj, zzfoia orejkagZZ" zzfoia.; orejks kSpl=, yq,jd,s
msysg tf;rg ud ,nd fo" th i;HhlsZZ hkd jYfhka lshd
fjku rlk wxlhla i`oyka lr ;su lsh yels h' fYaIfhka
ueofme. rgj,aj, .Dyfiajh i`oyd hk ldka;djka f wh
b,lal lrhs'
m<uq ldrKdj jkafka Tjqka foaY.; jkafka u ;ukag we;s
wdl" idudchsh m%Yakj,ska .,ug u.la fkdue;s jQ g h'
m%Yakj,ska f.dv tkakg nej isk wfhl=g tfia m%Yak
we;sjkafka ljqreka fyda .=relula lr we;s ksid fyd tjeks .=ma;
ldrKdjla ksidhehs ufkdNdjhla we;s lsu myiq h' Tjqka
fndfyduhla wOHmksl w;ska yd idudchSh kqu w;ska mam;a u
f cdjdr ldrhskag ;j;a jdis iy.; ;;a;ajhls' wfkla w;g
f foaY /lshd i`oyd hk ldka;djkaf.a o mqreIhkaf.a o mjq,a
wjq,a u m%;sY;hla f,i by< h' ta ksidu msgrg fjfik wh;a
ta whf.a furg fjfikk mjqf,a wh;a bkafka wjq,lh' f trg
furg wjq,a iy.; ;;a;ajh f hka;r uka;r ;lalkag
wdYSjdohla ;sfnhs' f ish,a,gu jvd jeo.;a idOlh jkafka
idudlhka rg.sh mjq,aj, yd rg isk mqoa.,hska i;=j Tjqka
la uykaisfhka Wmhd .;a uqo,a ;suhs' ta ksid f foia .;
orejka <`. m%Yak;a uqo;a hk f ;lalkag wjYH ish idOl
;sfnk nj Wka okshs'
ta ksid f ;lalhkag wo f re rgj, fiajh lrk Y%S
,xlsl Y%lhkaf.a uqo,aj,ska nx.,d kv;a;=lrka" Yd,
ldhd, kv;a;= lrka" flda .Kkaj, jdyk kv;a;= lrka
jcfUkakg wjia:dj ,e ;sf'
ta' fidaNs; ys ( ka wo;a wdjd" .e,fmk flfkla wdf kE' wms

PdhdrEmh ( wka; cd,fhks

evigykska wj jQ ck;dj rejkaje,af,a fidNs; ys k mqoa.,hdf.a


y;rlska hq;= f.dvke.s,a, bmsgg /ia jq kuq;a ta jk g;a f
'

n,kafka lla ika" infldaf, ke;s" ud;a tlal


fyd`og tkafcdahs lrkak mqjka' fyd`og *ka tlla .kak
mqjka fl,a,la ;uhs' Thd leu;s k tkak'''' lkaola
ke.af.d;a m,a,ula wyqfjkjd jf.a'''
;reKsh ( tfyhs'
ta' fidaNs; ys ( iuyr g jdikdjo okafk;a kE fka @
;reKsh ( tal ;uhs wfma yduqrejfka'''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( Thd leu;s o uf.a fil%jf.a bkak@
;reKsh ( ''''''rg rgj,aj, hkav'''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( T'' T'' ism,a' uf.a fmd;g u,a
id .y,d ;sfhkafka' msgrgl hkjd k" cmdfka k
fgdms fld,hla mdrl odkafka kE' wkqkaf.a foaj,a
fydhkafka kE' tfya mjq,a mkai,a fj,d bkafka
yduqrejre' uydhdkfka''''
;reKsh ( wd'''''yd''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( yduqrejre v%hska lrkjd' lrg
w;odf.k hkjd''''
;reKsh ( uu wfma wuf.kq;a wykak fka''''
ta' fidNs; ys ( wu;a tlal tkak' lshkak fufyu
m;a;f ;sfhk mqrmamdvqjla lald''''T ,iaik ;ekla
wdh' f.or uev jf.a bkak mqjka' wu tlal jqk;a
bkak mqjka'

f,dalfha we;s ish iais;aj,


kshef,ka zznqirKhsZZ lshd cx.u
rl;kh ika lrk mqoa.,hska
kE ;r wmg yuqfj;s' f
mqoa.,hd o tfiau h' tjeks whg
iuyreka lshkafka ms;a kQf,ka ud
ndk wh lshd h'
flfia kuq;a wjidk jYfhka
rgg f fy<orj l< ne.,
jvigyfka p;a yd ksm hk
udOHf uy;ajrekag wm
ia;+;sjka; h hq;= h' f tjeks
mqoa.,hska ish oyia .Kklska tla
mqoa.,fhla .ek ;;= h' fu;ekska
tydg ;j rg;a fujeks mqoa.,hskag
yiq u fyda fkdu Tn ;Ska l<
hq;= h' iudch jvd hym;a ;ekla
lsf lghq;af;a Tn fh iskafka
k fujeks mqoa.,hska ms<sn`oj;a
tjeks mqoa.,hskag ksoyfia lghq;=
lrkakg ksy`vj isk mqoa.,hska
.ek yd wdh;k .ek;a i{dKsl
isu jeo.;a jkq we;'
Thd lla fmkqu o@ lla fmkqu o@
;reKsh ( tfyuhs wfma yduqrejfka'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( lshkav nE iuyr g wr lkaola
ke.af.d;a m,a,ula''' b;sx''' wksl ufha .djg wdj
flfkla u, .eyqj;a hkafk;a kE'
;reKsh ( tfyu o'''wfma yduqrefjda fyd`o we;s''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( kE'''' we;a;gu uu b;sx yhg msx oy
lrkjd'
;reKsh ( ys; fyd`o ksiaiqkag yhkjfka wfma
yduqrejfka'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( T uf.a fld<U ;sfhkjd flda ;=kl
;r f.hla" ksl u jy,d''''
wfma rf wdodh n fomd;fk;=jg
wjYH;djhla yelshdjla ;sf k fjd fyd`o T;a;= h'
f wh Okh Wmhd .;a ye fydhkakg;a" n wh
lrkakg;a fyd`o T;a;= h'
ta' fidaNs; ys ( ka biair iudch fkf' ka Th
f,dl= mjq,aj, ue;s weue;sjrekaf.a <uhs' t;fldg Th
f,dl= jHdmdlhkaf.a <uhs fyd`o ials n%eka fId
tlla od,d" fyd`o *ka tfla bkakjd' fl mrK iudf
fkfuhs fl fldmshqg iudf'
;reKsh ( tfyhs'
ta' fidaNs; ys ( Thd jdy fj,;a kE'
;reKsh ( kE wfma yduqrejfka'' wu,d b;sx fydhkjd'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( ta l=Kqyrem''' kslx Th jdy fj,d wo'''
lalido fmda,sx''' lla uy;hs o lla'''
;reKsh ( uy; ke yduqrejfka'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( wkak tal ;uhs' lla uy;g bkak
tmehs' flgqu;a yhka kE'''

;reKsh ( flgq;a ke" wfma yduqrejfka''' uy;;a kE"


flgq;a kE'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( tfyu o@ idudkHfhka Th mmqj tfyu
fmkqug ;sfhkjd@
;reKsh ( tfyhs'
ta' fidaNs; ys ( fudlo fl,af,la jqfkd;a mmqj fmkqug
;sfhkak fka'''''flgqgq jqk;a fmdvla yo,d .kak
mqjka'''Thd tkj o fyg ;r'''@
;reKsh ( wfma yduqrejfka ux wuf.kq;a wy,d Tn
jykafiag''''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( l tl mqrmamdvqjhs ;sfhkafka''
tlaflfkla .;a;g miafia bjrhs'' kg wdmq wh k y
.sfha kE'
;reKsh ( uu Tn jykafiag tfyu jqfkd;a fld,a tlla
fokk o wfma yduqrejfka''
ta' fidaaNs; ys ( flda,a tlla fokakflda uf.a yEka
f*dka tlg'' b;sx fyg tkak'' Thd yq`.la flgq kEfka
@
;reKsh ( kE kE''f.dvla flgq kE wfma yduqrejfka'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( fudl o fl,af,la flgq jqkdu tal;a
wjq,lafka''' blaukagu tkak fyg u tkak wd'''
ta' fidNs; ys keue;s mqoa.,hd lka;djkag
rl;kfhka ms<s;= fok wdldrh;a mskag ms<s;=re
fok whqre;a w;r fjki" ne., ksIamdol lKavdhu
iska u m.; l< my; rl;k ixjdofhka fyd`ka
jgyd.; yels h'
;reKhd ( fyf,da uy;a;hd'' wr fj<`o kau odk
uy;a;hd fkao f@
ta' fidaNs; ys ( T'' T''' T''
;reKhd ( wfka uy;a;hd fl f fmd m%Yakhla
fkfuhs' ful ka f;agu n,md,d ;sfhkafka
uy;a;hd''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( y'' y''' flfhka lshkakflda''
;reKhd ( f wr wfma f.or ux i;a;= we;s lrd''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( T'' T'''
;reKhd ( n,af,da mQfida ta jf.a i;a;='' ka f <`.l
uy;a;;hd'' f <`.l" lshkafka fmfrod'' uf.a i;a;=
l Tlafldau ji ,d ur,d''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( y y talg o`vqj fokak'' fldfykao
l;d lrkafka''
;reKhd ( uy;a;hd ux u;=.ka l;d lrkafka''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( fyd`ohs'' Wfoa 8 hs 3 hs w;r bkakjd'
tkakflda'''
;reKhd ( fldfyag o uy;a;hd tkak fka@
ta' fidaNs; ys ( rejkaje,a,' rejkaje,a,'
;reKhd ( rejkaje,af,a fldfyduo uy;a;hd ug mdr
fmdvla''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( wiaidf,a,g wdjd'' wiaidf,af,ka
rejkaje,a,''
;reKhd ( Bg miafia fldfydu o uy;a;hd'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( mdr whsfka''' we,a,d flda,a tlla
fokakflda''
;reKhd ( fudlla o wdh;fka ku@
ta' fidaNs; ys ( fl fidaNs; yduqrefjda bkak ;ek
lsjqjyu okakjd'
;reKhd ( f wfma yduqrefjda o l;d lrkafka @
ta' fidaNs; ys ( T''' T''' wfka wfma yduqrejfka wmg
fldfydu y Wo lrkak'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( y''' y''' wmg jev ;sfhkjd'' l;d
lrkak nE'' f.dvla iS fu;k''
;reKhd ( fyd`ohs'''fyd`ohs'''
ta' fidaNs; ys ( f;rejka irKhs'''
f,dalfha we;s ish iais;aj, kshef,ka
zznqirKhsZZ lshd cx.u rl;kh ika lrk
mqoa.,hska kE ;r wmg yuqfj;s' f mqoa.,hd to
tfiau h' tjeks whg iuyreka lshkafka ms;a kQf,ka
ud ndk wh lshd h'
flfia kuq;a wjidk jYfhka rgg f fy<orj
l< ne., jvigyfka p;a yd ksm hk udOHf
uy;ajrekag wm ia;+;sjka; h hq;= h' f tjeks
mqoa.,hska ish oyia .Kklska tla mqoa.,fhla .ek ;;=
h' fu;ekska tydg ;j rg;a fujeks mqoa.,hskag yiq
u fyda fkdu Tn ;Ska l< hq;= h' iudch jvd
hym;a ;ekla lsf lghq;af;a Tn fh iskafka k
fujeks mqoa.,hska ms<sn`oj;a tjeks mqoa.,hskag ksoyfia
lghq;= lrkakg ksy`vj isk mqoa.,.hska .ek yd
wdh;k .ek;a i{dKsl isu jeo.;a jkq we;'

igyk
my,jefha kjr;ak

08

2011 2011
uehs wf.daia;=

OfkaYajr l%uhg NSIKh wjYH jkafka wehs @


kfhda la,hska

kfhda la,hska (Naomi


Klein) lefkahdkq f,aldjla'
jfrl mafrdiafmla i`.rdj
u.ska f,dj by<u nqoau;=ka
ish fokd k lrk,o
,ehsia;=jl 11 jk ia:dkh kd
.ekSug wE iu;a jQjd' kfhda
uq,a jrg f,dal wjOdkhg md;%
jkafka" 2000 jif wE ,shd
m, l< No Logo : No Space,
No Choice, No Jobs lD;sh
ksidfjka' tu lD;sfhka weh
ikak kdu (Brand Names)
uQ,sl lr.;a mdfndack
ixialD;shg tfrys myr
ula lrkjd' m%lg ikak
kduOd Yd, iud." ish
,dN fgq by< oud.ekSf
wruqfKka" <s` rgj, lrk
Y%u iQrdlEu WodyrK iys;j
fmkajd ka f lD;sh
f.da,shlrK frdakaf.a w;a
fmd;la njg m;a ;sfnkjd'
2007 t<s lajQ The
Shock Doctrine : The Rise of
Disaster Capitalism u.ska weh
OfkaIajr l%ufha ;j;a w`re
me;slvla" jHik Okjdofha
ke.Su ksrdjrKh lrkjd'
tys wE fkdfn,a ;Hd. ,dNS
wdl oHd{ Milton
Friedman iy ldf.da wdl
d irih iska t<s olajk
,o ksoyia fj<`ofmd<
m%;sm;a;s fhdod .kska" ,S
rfgys msfkdaf hgf;a;a"
reishdf fh,aiska hgf;a;a
is lrkakg jEh l<
fjkial .ek f,i
fjpkh lrkjd' le;akd
iq<s l=kdgqfjka miq New
Orleans j, mdi,a
fm!oa.,sllrKh lsu
WodyrK lr .kska" idudkH
wjia:dj, bgqfldg.;
fkdyels fjkia l" ck;dj
lmkh isoa
bgqlr.ekSf zzlmk kHdhZZ
tk Okjdofha w;a
uqyqKqjrla jk zjHik u;
hefmk OkjdohZ .ek kfhda
fuys woyia olajkjd'
my; lafjkafka" Shock
Doctrine lD;sh ms<sn`oj;a"
hqoaOh" ksoyia fjf<`o fmd<
uQ,Oujdoh ms<sn`oj;a kfhda
la,hska iu. flk;a jhs
2007 iema;en 10 k l<
l;d nyl ixlaIsma;
mj;hla'
fndfyda wh is;kjd ksoyia
fj<`ofmd< l%uh yd
m%cd;ka;%jdoh tlg .ukalrk
nj;a" Th fol tl;= jqkdu"
ck;dj ksoyia yd iuDu;a jk
nj;a" kuq;a ksoyia
fjf<`ofmd< ms<sn`o u;jdoh
f,da mqrd ch flfy,s kkajd
we;af;a" th ck;dj iska
leue;af;ka je<`o.ekSu ksid
fkdjk njg;a" th Tjqka u;
nf,ka megu ksid njg;a Tn
;l lrkjd' fYaIfhkau
wdmod wjia:dj," muKla
fkdj" we;e wjia:dj,"
we;e wdKavq fujeks wdmodjka
fkdfyd;a jHikhka Tjqkau
ksudKh fldg" Tu jHikhka
ksoyia fjf<`ofmd< m%;sm;a;sh
rgj,a ;=<g f.k taug jHdc
fya;= f,i fhdod .kakjd'
kuq;a" fjdfhka Okj;a
we;af;a tajd y`kajd ka whu
muKhs' fudllao f .ek Tf
woyi@

b;du fyd`ohs' ug ;l
lsysmhla ;sfhkjd' uu okafka
kE' wdKavq Tjqka iskau wnqo
ksudKh lsula .ek
WodyrK ;sfnk njla'
fyd`ohs m%pkav;ajh ke;ak
ieyeislu hkq Okjdofha
wdfKsl ,laIKhla o@
fkdtfia k" f.jqkq ishjia
lsysmhla uq,af,au jefvys
fhou ksid uE;l jOkh
jqKq ;;a;ajhla o@
uu ys;kafka Tng tfia
;lhla k.kakg mqjka'
kuq;a f fmdf;a (Shock
Doctrine) i,ld nef,kafka
O OfkaYajr ud,Ska w;r
mj;sk .egqula .ek' fuh
we;af;kau" flhskaishdkqjdoh
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rfgys ^lekvdf& ;sfnkakla
jeks Y% wdl l%uhla iy
tn` Y% wdl l%uhlg
imqrd reoaO uq,oujd
OfkaYajr ud,sh w;r
flfrk u;jduh igkla'
tn` uQ,Oujd
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fldfy;au Okjdohla fkdf'
th we;af;kau ixia:djdohla
(Corporatism) muKhs' kh
tl WodyrKhla'
tn` uQ,Oujd OfkaYajr
ud,shl ,laIK fudkjd o@
ksru,njg we;s leue;a;'
ij imQK iunr;djhla
.ek iajdi lsu" m%YAkhla
we;sjqk jydu th IKh k
.skqug ner lsu' fl ux
ys;kafka wd.l uQ,Oujdka
iy udlaiajd uQ,Oujdkq;a
lrkjd' Tiaf%,shdkq wdl
fYaI{ Friedrich Hayek iy
ldf.da Yaj dfha wdl
d{ Milton Friedman lshk
fokku f ksu, mru m;%
l%uhla .ek ySkh lald'
kuq;a" ux lshkafka ljqre
kuq;a h l%uhlg fm%au lsu
Nhdklhs' fulo tu l%uhg
f,dalh wkq.; fkdjqkyu"
Tng f,dalh;a tlal flaka;s
hkak .kakjd'
f wdl d{hska tn`
zzm;%ZZ OfkaIajr ud,shla
fjkqfjka fmkS isk nj
meye<shs' t;fldg fudlla o
f whf.a iankaOh
zzjHikhkaZZ iu@
jHikhka lshkafka"

ck;dj Tjqkaf.a .ukau.ska


bj;g weo ouk" Tjqka iS iS
lv iqrejd ouk" lmkhla
we;slrk ;;a;ajhla' yhgu
New Orleans j, iev
l=Kdgqfjka jqKd jf.a'''
ke;ak fndan m%ydrhlg
,la jqKd jf.a'' Tjqkaf.a ish
foaj,a l=vqmg lrk'''
iema;en 11 jkodhska miafia
jqKd jf.a''' we;e tajd
md,kh l< yels foaYmd,ksl
is' jHikhka kid fun`
wjia:d we;sjk njg jegySula
;sfnkak fka' tjka
wjia:dj, l%shdld ug nqoa
uKav,hla bkak fka' Tjqka
jHikhla is jQ g l< hq;=
foa iQodkj bkak fka'

yokafka ,S rg
taldm;sjdohlg f.kshkak
jf.a l;d' kuq;a lsiskac
ffla lshkjd ienE ;ckh
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jHdma; uhs lsh,d' fida
ix.uh Tjqkag nh Wmojkakla
' iagd,skag ffjr lrkak
mqjka f,aisfhka' kuq;a we;a;
;ckh jqfKa m%cd;ka;%jd
idcjdohla we;su ms<sn`o h'
fudlo tal taldm;sjd
fldhqksiajdoh iy
Okjdohg l,am ;=kafjks
u.la jQ ksid'
fidah ix.uh inkaOj
mek ke.=Kq iS;, hqoaOh
ms<sn`oj ldrKdjg jvd
wefuldj nh jqfKa Tkak Th

wmkhk ieliq l,dmh ms<sn`o ixl,amh Wmka


kfha jrdh k.rhla (JK Shenzhen) ffcj;sl
mqoa., ye`okqm;la (Biometric Identification Card)
ksl=;a lsu i`oyd mfhaIK ula njg m;a fldg
f.k ;sfnkjd' th mqoa.,hdf.a w;S;fha isg
j:udkh olajd ish,a, wvx.= l< WmlrKhla' ta
k.rfha muKla iS'iS''' leurd fo,laIhla
;sfnkjd' fmd,Sish 'mS'tia' ;dlaIKfhka
ikakoaOhs' f moao;s l%shd;aul lrkafka
uhsfl%dfid*a u.ska'
ta jf.au .+.,a b`oka hdyQ olajd yefudau fufy
jevg neye,d bkafka''@
Milton Friedman lshkjd ienE
fjkila ksudKh jkafka
wrnqo iy tg we;sfjk
woyia u.ska lsh,d''''
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muK iudc m%cd;ka;%jdfhla"
iudcjdfhla jqK ie,ajfoda
whkafoa (Salvador Allende)
n,hg m;afjkjd' kuq;a Tyq
wefuldj tlal .sfha kE'
liaf;%da iy fidahfoYhg
ys;j;a' weulka ckdm;sjre
Tyqj iel l<d'
T' ckdm;s kslaika
(Richard M. Nixon) iy lsiskacra
(Kissinger, Henry - rdcH
f,al& fokaku' uu f
fmd;g we;=<;a lr,d
;sfhkjd lsiskac" kslaikag
hjmq ,shqulska WoD;hla' f
inkaOfhka ta fjoa th,d
m%isoafha lsf" whkafoa
fid ix.uhg ys;j;a" Tyq
jHdc m%cd;ka;%jdfhla" Tyq

lsj fya;=jg fka o@


brdk w.ue;s fudidfoa
(Mossadegh) mrdchg m;a
lsu'''' .ajd;ud,d ckdm;s
wdfnkaia (Arbenz) n,fhka
my lsu''''' f fol ;ud
mKia .Kkaj, isoaOjqKq m<uq
iS' whs' ta' l=uka;%K fol'
fudjqka m%cd;ka;%jdj m;a
jqK md,lfhda' f fida
f.daks ,a,d ujd fmkaf
we;a; f;areu jqfKa tlai;a
ckmofha foaY wdfhdackj,g
;snqKq ;ck md,kh lr
.ekSu' tafla lsisu md,khla
kE'
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,efnkafka tlai;a
ckmofhka''' ldf.da Yaj
d,fha wdl
d{hskaf.ka'''' ljqre;a
okakd m msfkdaf thdf.a

reoaO mdlaIslhskaj O
f,ap l%u j,ska kdY
lrkjd' iuQy
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ish,af,a wruqK jqfKa' fuys
w;ayod ne IKh;a tu kj
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o@
ldf.da Yaj d,fha
wdl d w;ayod ne,S
i`oyd ,S rg
mfhaIKd.drhla lr.kak
ys;=j tl kslx yhg fnj,s
ys,aiaj, b`of.k OfkaYajr
frda ma,jhla lrkak
yokjd jf.a jevla' ,S Th
woyia l%shd;aul lrkak
lsisfia; u iqiq jkafka keye'
kuq;a wefuldkq rdcH
fomd;fka;=f wdOdr u;
ldf.da Yaj d,hSh
W.;=ka yd msfkdaf f
mfhaIKh flrejd' n''' 15l
noaola''''' jr,;a mdie,a''''
llre jD;a;Sh i;sj,g
lsisu wdldrhl foaYmd,khl
kshq;= u ;yk lr mkjk
,o kS;s''''''fl,skau Friedman
f.a fmdf;ka wrf.k tajd ks;s
njg fmrjd' jf.hs
yhgu'''' n,y;aldrh
yfrkak fjd lrkak fjk
yla ;sf keye'''''
Tn l;d lrkjd yq`.dla f,ap
f,i ysxikh fhdod .ekSu
.ek'''' Yd, lmkhla u.ska
fjkila we;s lsu .ek''
ksiqkaj Tjqkaf.a yeis
rgdj,ska W.=,a,,d wrka w;a
u;jdohlg weo,d ug''''
yskaikh tlu l%uh u .ek
Tn l;d lrkjd'
Yd, jHikhla is
jqfkd;a ila" ksiaiq ;ukaf.a
;j, fjkial lr.ekSug
iQodk keye' New Orleans
;=Kdgqj n,kak' t;k"
ljodj;a ksiqiq Tjqkaf.a
ksjdi w;yer,d hdo f
iajdNdl m; is fkdjqKd
k' '''uu tfya yshd
l=Kdgqfjka i;shlg miafia'''
t;fldg;a ta yh Nd.hlau
j;=frka hgfj,d''''' mqj;am;l
;snqKd'''' m,slka fldka.%ia
idudlfhla lshkjd'''' zzwmg
ne jqKd ksjdi bj;a lrkak'

kuq;a fofhda tal l<d''ZZ


lsh,d'
kh foig yefruq''' tys
wdlh imqKfhka u jD;
keye' Tjqkaf.a jk ;;a;ajfha
iy ksoyfia ie,lsh hq;=
jOkhla o fmkkq
flfrkjd'
kh ms<sn`o ixjdoh i;=gq
odhl keye' tys lKavdhula
bkakjd mlaIh fpkh
lrk' Tjqka ;ukaj
y`okajd.kafka kfha kj
jdudxYh (Chinas new Left)
jYfhka' fldhqksia mlaIh"
tk wdKavqj miq;e,a,l
bkafka kfha .u iy k.rh
w;f we;s wiudk;d ms<sn`oj'
Tjqka talg m%;spdr olajkafka
im;a kej; fnod yfuka'''''
miq.sh wjqreoafoa muKla
kfha frdaO;d 87" 000 la
we;s jqKd' mqu iy.;
ixLHf,aLkhla''' tafla f;areu
meye,sju kh hk y
.ek w;Dma;sfhka miqjk
msila isk njhs'
f w;r kh kj
;dlaIKh i`oyd
mfhaIKd.drhla fjka
mj;sk nj;a fmakjd' wmkhk
ieliq l,dmh ms<sn`o
ixl,amh Wmka kafha jrdh
k.rhla jk Shenzhen,
ffcj;sl mqoa.,
ye`okqm;la (Biometric
Identification Card) ksl=;a
lsu i`oyd mfhaIK ula
njg m;a fldg f.k
;sfnkjd' th mqoa.,hdf.a
w;S;fha isg j:udkh olajd
ish,a, wvx.= l< WmlrKhla'
ta k.rfha muKla iS'iS'''
leurd fo,laIhla ;sfnkjd'
fmd,Sish 'mS'tia'
;dlaIKfhka ikakoaOhs' f
moao;s l%shd;aul lrkafka
uhsfl%dfid*a u.ska'
ta jf.au .+.,a b`oka hdyQ olajd
yefudau fufy jevg neye,d
bkafka''@
1989 muK l;sldj jqfKa
Yd, ikaksfok iud.
u.ska rEmjdysKsh" pkasld
rEmjdysksh jf.a foaj,aj,ska
khg ksoyi yd
m%cd;ka;%jdoh f.k ta lshk
tlhs' ka tn` ;laIKsl
WmlrK u.skau nrm;, f,i
mqoa.,hka iy Tjqkaf.a
wkkH;d kslaIKh lrk
Wmlrk y`kajd foka
;sfnkjd' kfha fjka
;sfhk foa yhgu lshkak
ne jqk;a" fjd u.ska uf.a
ksnkaOkfha i;H;dj fmakjd'
jdohlka f;drju kh
widudkH f,i ,dnodhS rgla'
ug ysf;kafka kh" OfkaYajr
l%uh;a" ksoyia fjf<`ofmd<
l%uh;a" ck;d ksoyi;a w;r
iajNdl mriamrhka
fmkajka iskjd' meye<sju
wjq, tal fkfuhs' kh
tlaflda b;du;au fika
ixl%dka;s wjhlg t<fUkjd'
fkdtfiak Tjqka
m%cd;ka;%jdoh uqukskau
u.yer thska neyerg
fhduqfjka ;sfnkjd' th
ixia:djdohla (Comrporatism).
kfha muKla fkdj
reishdf" wefuldf iy
msfkdaff.a ,Ss rf mjd

09 jk msgqjg''''

2011 wf.daia;=
m%jk;djh jqfKa talu ;ud''''
fyd`ohs' wms brdlh .ek l;d
lruq' Tn lshkafka brdlh
wdl%uKh ueofmr.g iduh
iy m%cd;ka;%jdoh f.k taug
tys i`.jd ;snQ w wdhqO
fidhd.ekSugj;a l< tlla
fkdjk nj;a' th uqukskau
ks;s frda f,i w;a
fjf<`ofmd<la iy ixia:djdoh
i`oyd kj ,dNhla fidhd
.ekSug;a lrk ,o l%shdjla
njhs'
th ixlSKhs' th zzwefuldj
iu. fi,a, lrkakg
wdfjd;a Tng fjkafka flhsZZ
lshk mdvu f,dalhg
W.kajkakg;a" f;,a i`oyd;a
lrk ,o jevla' uu ys;kjd
iuyre yshd ueofmr. h
wdl ud,shla yokak fka
lshk woyia ;sfnk' uu
ys;kafka ish,a,kagu jvd
ldr iy.; ;rlh jqfKa tal'
we;e g mrudoYS f,i
fmKqk f woyfiaka
lshjqfKa brdlh ksoyia
fj<`ol,dmh iy
m%cd;ka;%jdohg wkq.;
ud,shla njg m;a fldg" th
iuia: l,dmfhau jHdma;
lsuhs' brdlh .s,.;a rere
m%pKav;ajh f woyfiau
ffki.sl wjhjhla jQjd
fiau tu woyfia brKu jqfha
o tlS m%pkav;ajhuhs'
lsish kj u;jdohla'''' th
fj<`ofmd<jd fjd''''
fjf<`ofmd< frda fjd'''
h;a lsug jHik miqula
wjia:djd f,i fhdod .ekSu
fyda wjia:d ksudKh lr
.ekSug jHdik fhdod .ekSu
fyda Tn f fmdf;ka fy,d
olskjd
T'''f woyi uu ms<sl=,a
lrkjd' fndfyda g fjkafka

ljqrey uhslarf*dakhg .syska


wykjd kuq;a ;;ajhka jvd
krla fjkak mq`Mjka fkao
lsisjla isug l,ska'''@ fun
u;jdo orkakkag uu ;ka
myr fokjd' fudlo wms
w.hkafka udkqIsl jkdlu
ksid' h wdmodjla u.ska
ck;dj lmkh u
fya;=fjka Tjqka fjkia fhehs
n,d isu yu wudkqIsl
woyila'
iudkHfhka foaYmd,kh
lshkafka tfyu tlla fka o@
fjkak mq`Mjka'' f fmd;
uu ,shkafka wms wfma
b;sydih g jvd lla fyd|g
k.kak k ksid' bfh;a
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wms jvd nrm;, jHdikhkag
uqyqK ug ksh; njhs' iev
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m%ydr''' ug wjYH jqfKa
ksiaiqkaj f wdmodjkag
uqyqK u .ek kqj;a
lrkakg" wms wfma b;sydifha
jqKq foaj,a .ek wjfhka
bkakjd k" tn` wjia:dj,
ol=fKka fyda jfuka tk
Wml%uYS,S iQrdlEj,g
wvqfjka ksrdjrKh jkakg
mqjka'
Tng ysf;kafka ke;ao iuyrla
rgj, Okjdoh id:l we;s
nj@ WodyrKhlg
wh,ka;h''@ f.jqKq wjqre 10
la fyda 20 la we;=<; ck.yKh
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Tjqka is w;sYhskau <s`
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ck ixLHdjla nj@
uu tl`. keye' f
fndfydauhla ixLHdf,aLk
kh iy bkahdj jf.a
iS.%fhka kd.lrKh fjka
mj;sk rgj,a .ek ;uhs

f foaj,a .ek uu

lshkafka'''' flfkla
f.dfmd<l j;a fjka"
;ukaf.au wdydr
j.dlr.kska j;a u
fjkqjg ,a,sh wjg
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fol imQKfhka fjkia''''
kuq;a '' T''' we;af;kau
id:l ;sfnkjd'''' Okjd
rgj, j;afuka ,efnk
mqu foa ;sfnkjd''' tjeks
fohska uu jdis ,nkjd''' Tn
jdis ,nkjd'''' tfy;a" wmsg
iajdi lrkakg fm<Uj,d
;sfhkafka fudlla o@
fjf<`om< l%ufha jdish
wmg .kak neye' Yd,
ck;djlg ta iu. inkaO
f ud. kdi
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fi!LH fiajh fm!oa.,SlrKh
lrkak ie<iq yokjd''''
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je fjkjd'''' wmg ;sfhkafka
yu idyisl wdl
l%ufohla'''
ta lshkafka" Okh jvd fyd`oka
tlsfkld w;r fn hkjd k
fj<`ofmd< wdl l%uh .ek
Tn i;=gqjk nj o @
we;af;kau'
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Tf foaYmd,kh y`Kd.kak'
ta;a" ;ju;a tal ne jqKd'
n,kak''' ux ys;kafka"
yq`.dla /l,a jdudYslfhda
n,dfmdfrd;a;= iqkalr .kshs'''
f fmd; fudk ;r
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k.;a;du'''
Tn Y% wdl l%uhla
fjkqfjka fmkS isk"
flhsksishdkq woajld;ajhla o@

l,amkd lr

ksYdks ' mqxfyajd $ iudc l%sdldkS


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fldpr ieye,a tlla o@
biafldaf,a .shd" fi,a,
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nrla m;,la Kqfka kE'
ta;a ka ;uhs ysfkafka
f;a fldhs ;r j.ls
lkaordjla ;sfhkjd o
lsh,d'
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wjfndaOhla ,nk ld,h
jk g flka l
f;are .;a;d wms j;ajk
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wms ish fokdg hym;a
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w;ru ug ;j;a fohla
fkkak .;a;d' ta is;s,s
bfu wdmq tajd fkf'

uu iudchg .syska ksiaiq


tlal jev lrkak mgka
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lshdj jqfk;a taluhs' ta
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ksiaiq fjkqfjka ug
fudkjd y lrkak fka
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olskak mqjka fohla
fkf lsh,d uu fyd`ogu
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fyda tfia lsug yelshdj
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fjkia h hq;=hehs uu
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biams;sf,a' tafla fnfy;a
ke;ak f whg fullao
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frda.j,ska f ;r
orejka h hoa tajdg
i` h hq;= wh Tfya
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mam;a foudmshkaf.a
orejkag wo mdi,lg
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weu;sjrhd udrefj;au
wOHdmk l%uh;a
udrefjkafka f wOHdmk
l%ufha lsis m%m;a;shla
ke;s lu fkdf o@' uf.a
orejd mdi,a hk ldf,a
fjkfldg wehg f.or
,`.ska mdi,la ,efnhs o@
wfma " rf f
;;a;ajhka fjkia
lrkakg" whs;Ska
fjkqfjka fmkSysk
fjfyi ork l fokdg
fudkjo wo fjka
;sfhkafka@ je fofkla
f .ek ys;kafkaj;a kE'
tl cd;shlg tlg
iskakg ne fldg" f
rf cd;s folla iu.s
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l,amkd lrkjd'
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Tn lsish ojil foaYmd,kfha
kshe,s,d b`o,d ;sfhkjd o@
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Pkaoh oukjd muKhs'
kuq;a Tn m%cd;ka;%jdoh iy
ue;sjrK l%uh iajdi lrk'''
Yd, msila we;s kdhsldjla'''
ta ksid foaYmd,khg msiSu
isjNdlju ish hq;=hs fka o@
Tng ia;+;shs''' jD;a;Sh
Wmfoiaj,g'''
th Wmfoila fkdf uu
Tfnka weyqf''''@
tal uf.a tla;rd yl
wd;aud;ld lula fjkak
we;s''' mfhaIKj,
kshef,ka f.jk f ;hg
uu wdofrhs'''foaYmd,kh
fjkia'''' kuq;a" h
foaYmd,ksl fudfyd;la t<h
yelshs''' h foaYmd,k
jHdmD;shla iska ud
fhdojd.kq ,nk'''
th isjkafka lekvdf o@
T''' th fndfyda rg
m%;sm;a;s imdokhg inkaO
hula h yelshs''''
fhduqj 01' flhskaishdkqjdoh
(Keynesianism) ( %;dkH
wdl d{ fcdaka
flhskaiaf.a (John Maynard
Keynes) woyia mdol
lr.kska we;s jQ idj
wdl kHdhls' ta u.ska m%uqL
f,i mqoa.,sl wxYh u.ska
fufyhjk" tfy;a rdcH wxYh
j.lsjhq;= f,i l%shdlrk
wdl ud,shla fhdackd
lrhs' 2007 f,dal wdl
wnqoh yuqf fuu ud,sh
ms<sn`o ixjdoh kej; mK
.ekaK'
Kenneth Whyte / flk;a jhs
mj;kh - Koombiya / l+hd
'

09

A lesson learnt
A feeling of loneliness encompassed me
As I looked out of the Window
I perceived the Guava tree in the lawn
was laden with ripe fruits
being invaded by squirrels and parrots
No noice emanated from the greedy ones
They enjoyed the luscious fruits to their
hearts content showing no enmity
What a good lesson they gave the humans
Who fight to grab anything from
the humans themselves.
L . Marambe

ckhdg yd W;=f o< ckhdg iduh tl iudkj ,e ;sf o@ fjd wmg we;s
.eg fkdf o@ kuq;a fjd i`okafka ljq o@ wm W;aidy orkafka f rf
idudkH ckhdg ys whs;sjdisla Tjqka iu. tla Tjqkag ,nd ug h' f
;;a;ajhka ug n,mdk ksid ;a" wka whf.a fjokdj wmg fkk ksid;a uu fjd
.ek ixf fj' th ug fokdjla u ms<sn`o uu i;=gq fj'
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hq;=hehso lshd uu Yajdi lr' wirK mjq,a
i`oyd Wojq l< yels jev ms<sfj,la .ek
l,amkd lr'
wms j;a fjkak fka iudch lshk
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m<`k foa wd ish,a,la u l< hq;af;a
fjk;a whf.a wjYH;djhg wkqj o@ wms
kQ,aj,ska kgjk rElv fuka
fkdfhs tg ug isf;a' f foj,a
fjkia lrkak mqjka jkafka cd;s"
wd." l=<" f.d;a f,i fn fjka
fuka fkdj ish,af,dau
tlg tl;= fuks'
kuq;a ish,a,g u
l,ska l< hq;= fjki
l=ulahs f;are.; hq;=
fkdjkafka o@ wfma whg
th f;are .ekSug
nelula ;sf o@ ke;sk
f;re.ekSug W;aidy
fkdlrkafka o@
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fkdf;afrkjd fia iskjd
o@ f iuyrla ug y
.egls' f foj,a
f;are fkd.kakd msi
.ek f;are .ekSu glla
wudre ldrKhla fj,d
;sfhkjd'

10
.f ;reKshlg ;h
;=< h ia:djrhla f.dv
k.d
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we;s
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bfha fkdfi,a bhg
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flfrka ks r ka ; rfhka
ols k a k g yels .= K dx.
folla' l=vd l< b;d Ialr
;hla .;l< weh wo
tjeks
ldka ; djka g "
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jr;udkfha weh ixjOk
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ia;%sla inka lldjla
f,i lghq;= lrkjd'
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lla l;d lf<d;a@
uf.a Wmka .u miair'
wfma mjqf,a y;a fofkla
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wud b;du la
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b.ekakf' uu miair
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olajd .shd' Bg miafia
miair uyd oHd,hg
.shd' d wxYfhka
Ndf. iu;a jqKd'
wdl wmyiq;d ksid ug
jer wOHdmkh ,nkak
ne jqKd'
;d;a;d kE lsh,d
wud wmg lla fkkak
kafka kE' thdg mqjka
yehg wmg b.ekakqjd'
wfma wud tlai;a cd;sl
mlafig jevl<d lsh,d
wfma f.org O mSvd
tkak mgka .;a;d' wmsg
tl whshd flfkla yshd'
thd nd, jhiska u
mek,d .shd' f,dl=
wlal;a tfyu mek,d
.shd' Bg miafia uuhs
kx.s,d ;=kafokhs ;ud
tlg ysfha'
wfma wud .skaof
msfpkjd" wjqf
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n,dfmdfrd;a;=jla ;snqKd
ljod y
/lshdjla
lr,d wug i,lakv
fka lsh,d' wfma
wuf.a
n,dfmdfrd;a;=jla ;snd
uu frday,a llre
jD;a;shg odkav' frday,a
llre tfla bkag
.shdg m;au yn jqfKa
kE' kuq;a uu .f oy
mdif,a" ;reKfiajd
iNdf" .%du ixjOk
uKav,h" ifjdaoh jf.a
tajd tlal iudc fiajd
lghq;= l<d'
foaYmd,k uey;a ulska
riaidjla .kak W;aidy
lf<a ke;a o@
wdfh;a frday,a
llre m;a fok
ldf,a uu wdfh;a wema,hs
l<d' ug iqiql ish,a,
u ;snqKd' ta;a uka;%S
;=udf.ka ,shqula wjYH
nj k.kak ,enqK ksid
uu thd yn fjkak

2011 wf.daia;=

.shd' uu l`" fy,a" w.,a"


l`re myq lrf.k
ye;eu 5 la ;r mhska
u tfya .shd' hkfldg
ysfha uka;%S ;=udf.a
fkdakd' thd wfma mqx
wud flfkla' uu
ia;f lsjqjyu thd
lSjd ka;%S ;=ud fld<U
.shd lsh,d' uu lsjd
zzwfma mjq,g fjk
fudkj;a tmd f /lshdj
;rla yo,d fokakZZ
lsh,d' fld<U bkak
uka;%Sg fg,sfmdaka tflka
flda,a lr,d wykak;a
zzfg,sf*daka jev lrkafka
kEZZ lSjd' uu lla fj,d
b`o,d ta <`. lkaf;darejla
;sfhkjd tf;kag wdjd'
we,a,d nejyu
fg,sf*daka jev lrkjd'
Bg maifia wdfha we;a
uu lSjd zzwfka mqx
wf fg,sf*daka jev
lrkjdfkaZZ lsh,d' Bg
miafia thd fg,sf*daka
tl .;a; .uka MOH
ldhdf,g nekf.k
nekf.k .shd" zztl tl
.Ekq ksiaiq tjkjd
fuf;kagZZ lsh,d' ta
tkfldg ug f;areKd
uka;%S;=ud fld<U .sh
l;dj fndrejla lsh,d'
thdf.a fil f,a
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fokdjlska f.or wdf'
uu f.or we;a wug
lSjd' zzwf wdfhk
ljodj;a f jf.a /
lshdj,a miafika hkafka
kEZZ lsh,d'
miafia me,aj;af;a
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lshdjla i`oyd wdjd'
nq;a;, f.orl fndax
fj,d fldmeKsfha
^me,aj;a; iSks iud.u&
jevg .shd' biafi,a,du

03

zz

f.d;ek yhg lrkjd k ta


ksiaiqkag Tfydu la `kak fka
kE' kuq;a f.dvdla wh uyd
mudkfha fj<`o rgdjg yqre fj,d
;sfhkafka' ta ksid f.d;eka
tmdfjk ;;a;ajhlg m;afj,d
;sfhkjd' l=Uqre lrkak .shyu c
i,a,sj,g .kafka" fkdfhla lD;%su
f;,a" fmdfydr j. .ykak ho
lrkjd' wjidfka l l=Uqfrka u
uqo,d,sg ,d w; msyod .kakjd'
kuq;a fidndoyf f.d;ek
;=,ska wmg f m%Yakfhka f.dv tkak
mqjka' wms tal fudKrd., f.dka
tlal lr,d myq.sh lkafka b;du;a
id:l;ajhla Wodlr .;a;d'
mpfmreud,a yd,a yd ;a;r
ka ta wkqj wms yodf.k ;sfhkjd'
;j f.dfhda lsysm fofkla u wfmka
;a;r b,a,,d ;sfhkjd'

jevj,g wu;rj .f
fmd fmd jevj,g;a
Wojq jqKd' tal l,d udj
IRDP tfla iudc kshdul
yehg m;a lrd' ta wkqj
uu .f l=vd lKavdh
yodf.k" ta wh tlal
tl;=fj,d b;sls
lr,d jevigyk lrf.k
wdjd' tafl wmg ;snqKd

ZZ

wh f .f mx
jqfkd;a .f ksiaiqkag
bvlv u fjkjd' wksl
iudc m%Yak f.dvla we;s
fjkak bv ;sfhkjd' wms
uq .uu tl;= lr,d"
.f isudf m .yla
;sfhkjd" t;k .f
ish fokd jdfj,d
frdaOh m%ldY l<d' Bg

miair bkaoa wms j.d


lrkak okafka kE'
nq;a;,g wdjg miafia
;uhs f.d;eka bf.k
.;af;a' wlalr ld,"
Ndf.a j.d lr,d miafia
wlalr fol" ;=k j.d
lrkak yqre jqfKa tfya
wdjhska miafia' wjqre 3
la wms Wj fj,a,iai
f.d ixOdfka jev
l<d' ;=kafjks wjqreoafoa
wmsj iajdk l<d' ukd
tfyu kej;=Kd' iajdk
l<dg ixOdkh;a tlal
ne`u ;snqKd' w;ayer,d
.sfha kE'
Tn .e h jev igykg
inkaO fj,d yshd fka
o@
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wdjd' .f wh lSjd ug
talg inkaO fjkak
lsh,d' taflka .ug
m%;s,dN f.dvdla .kak
mqjka f lsh,d' ta wh
udj f;dar.;a;d' f%ksx 5
la ;r kakd' udi
;=klg ji ;=kla ug
Ndr kakd' tal jev l<d'
Bg miafia .f
iafpdfjka jev
lrkak ;snqKd' nq;a;,"
fudKrd.," j`kfy,
hdh" leye,sh" uyd wdr"
ismqr lshk jij, l=vd
lkavdh yo,d ta yryd
jevigyk lrf.k .shd'
t;fldg Tn iia;%S
cd;sl jHdmdrhg inkaO
fjkafka fldfydu o@
tfyu jev lrf.k
bkakfldg iia;%S
jevigyfka ia;%sla
inkaldrlf.a iyhl
flfkla yshd' thd Yaj
df,a .sh ksid we;sjqk
mqrmamdvqjg uu wdf' ta
2006 wjqreoafoa'
fou< l;d lrkak bf.k

fj,a,iafia f.d;ek

ldnKsl j.dfjka f.dv .; yelshs


Wla.ia j,g mia odkak
;uhs ;sf' l ojila
tfyu hkfldg t;k
jev n,k wh uf.a
wOHdmk iqiql n,,
udj iqmjhsia lrkak
fhdackd l<d' kuq;a t;k
ug yn fjp
iqmjhsilu ,enqfKa
t;k ysh iqmjhsi
flfklaf.a wlalf.a
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merkKd' kuq;a wjqre
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tajfha jevlrk whg h
h IK NSIK isoaOfjk
tl idudKH fj,d
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msysfgka ug lsisu
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b`o,d' wdfha f.dak.xwdr
lshk .ug .shd' tfy
uu f.d;eka jev
flrejd' tfy f.dhs;eka

mdrj,a yokak" fmd ,sx


yokak" fndalal= yokak
yd j.d rlaIK lgqhq;='
b;sx uu ta jHmD;sh yryd
.f fmd ,sx y;rla
nekao" jeisls,s 25 la
yejd' lr;fldf<dnka
wU" foys jf.a iar fnda.
Yd, m%udKhla j.d
l<d'
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fj,a,iai f.d ldka;d
ixOdkh yryd .ug
fmrmdi,a f.dv
ke.s,a,la mdia jqKd' tal
yokak fndfydu
wudrefjka .f wh
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ueo tal yo,d bjr l<d'
.f wh;a yo,d bjr
jqkdu f.dvdla i;=gq
jqKd'
Th jev bjr fj,d
bkakfldg me,aj;a; iSks
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.;a; bvj, fjk;a
.j, wh mx lrkak
ie,eiaula wdjd' ta .f
u,a,sflfkla we;a ta
nj ug lSjd" msg .j,

miafia ue;s weu;sjre


wms;a tlal l;d lrkak
wdjd' wms f .ek
ckdm;s ;=udg" lDIslu
weue;s ;=udg" me,aj;a;
iSks iud.ug" m%dfoaYSh
f,aLg jf.a ish
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lsh,d ,shq ud' f,dl=
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tal kkak mqjka jqKd'
ta fjkfldg ug
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ldf,a fiaru wh
fldmeKshg Wla
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.;af;a fudk ldf, o@


wms mqx ldf,a b`o, u
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lmkak' tjkag"
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yd fou< Kqu
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kE' ta ksid h miq nEula
we;s jqKd' wdh f iuc

jev ksid NdId kqu


jokh fjka ;sfhkjd'
b ld,fha fudkjo
lrkak woyia lrka
bkafka@
f fjkfldg uf.a
wud kE' ;d;a;;a kE'
wlalhs" kx.shs tlal ;uhs
ka ifydaor;ajh
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;ju;a ug ;sfhkafka'
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b ld,fha ldg;a w;
fkdmd" iudchg h
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inka lE,laj;a .kak
i,a,s fkd;snqKq ld,hla
;snqKd'
fudKrd., lshkafka
b;du Ilru m%foaYhla
tfya ck ;h
f.dvk.kak Tn ys;k
yg fudkjo lrkak
fka@
f.d;ek yhg
lrkjd k ta ksiaiqkag
Tfydu la `kak fka
kE' kuq;a f.dvdla wh
uyd mudkfha fj<`o
rgdjg yqre fj,d
;sfhkafka' ta ksid
f.d;eka tmdfjk
;;a;ajhlg m;afj,d
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.shyu c i,a,sj,g
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f;,a" fmdfydr j.
.ykak ho lrkjd'
wjidfka l l=Uqfrka
u uqo,d,sg ,d w; msyod
.kakjd'
kuq;a fidndoyf
f.d;ek ;=,ska wmg f
m%Yakfhka f.dv tkak
mqjka' wms tal
fudKrd., f.dka tlal
lr,d myq.sh lkafka
b;du;a id:l;ajhla
Wodlr .;a;d'
mpfmreud,a yd,a yd
;a;r ka ta wkqj wms
yodf.k ;sfhkjd' ;j
f.dfhda lsysm fofkla
u wfmka ;a;r
b,a,,d ;sfhkjd'
igyk

ufyaIa r;akdhl

2011 wf.daia;=

Odhl ckdm;sf.a wiS; n,fhka'''''


fndai;dkka jykafia"
nqoaO;ajhg m;a ug
fmr fndai;a iuhla
.; l<d" mkaish mkia
cd;l l;dj, i`oyka
fjkjd lsh,d' ta
fndai;a wjfha
fkdfhla fkdfhla
wkaof Wmam;a;Ska Wka
jykafia ,enqjd'
t;fldg uyd fndai;a
iufha Wka jykafia
rcflfkala jYfhkq;a
is wjia:d;a cd;l
l;dj, i`oyka
;sfnkjd' tfia rc
flfkala jYfhka md,kh
l< iufha" uyd
fndai;dkka jykafia
wkq.ukh l< oi rdc
Ou" ta lshkafka rdc
Ou oyh ;ud wfma
b;sydig idys;Hhg tl;=
;sfnkafka' ta ksid f
fmr meje;s im%odh ;j
rg;a ;yjqre fj,d" wfma
iajdihla mej;=kd oi
rdc Ouh wkqj rc ;=ud
rc l< hq;= h" tfia
ke;ak Tyqj ck;dj
iska ler,s .id
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tl'
fukak f jeo.;a
im%odh ksid ;ud wfma
rf rdcdKavq l%uh fjk
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W;= im%odh ksid'
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ck;djg whs;shla we;ehs
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;snqKd'
ka wms Odhl
ckdm;s l%uh me;a;g
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chjOk ckdm;s ;=ud
f ;ks n, iys;
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f*dkafiald ue;s;=udg;a
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l%ufha m%jk;djhla'
tfyu ;ud kQ;k
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blau hkakg fmr
jHjia:djg ixfYdaOkhla
f.ke,a,d laIKslj
Pkaohla mj;ajd" kej;
f' wd' chjOk ue;s
;=ud m;a jqKd' tjekakla
u uE;l is jqKd'
hqoaOfhka rg uqod.;a
.iu" yh wjqre ld,h

blau hdug fmr" ^;du


ckdm;s ;=udf.a uq,a
wjqre 06 blauj,d kE' ta
bjr fjkafka f
fkdjen udfia' wkak
tfyu Pkaohla mej;=kd
k wfma f*kafiald
uy;a;hd ;du ksoyia&
wkak ta jf.a wjia:djdj
ckdm;sjre ls%hd lr,d
;sfhkjd' kuq;a wfma
rcjre tfyu l%shd lr,d
kE' wjia:djdj l%shd lr,d
wfma f' wd' chjOk
ue;s;=ud jrula ,nd
.;a;d' tg t;=udg fmkS
.shd f jrka we;s m,la
kE" md,Sfkq;=f
Pkaohla meje;ajQfjd;a
wkqmd; l%uh wkqj ;=fkka
foll ckaohla ,efnkafka
kE' ta ksid ;j;a
ixfYdaOkhla tkjd
isjqfjks ixfYdaOk h' ta
wkqj lsjd md,sfka;=f
ld, iSudj ;j jY 6 lg
.= lrkq ,ef lsh,d"
uqhhs" ,dmqjhs lsh,d
cku; pdrKhla
mj;aj,d" thd taflka
ch.%yKh l<d' Bg miq
t;=udg fmkS .shd ka
wNsfhda.hg bkafka fou<
fldgia muKhs lsh,d' ta
ksid hdmkfha uokhla
mgka .;a;d' Bg tfrysj
hdmkfha hqouh lghq;a;
mgka .;a;d' f ish,a, u
k jljdkq wkqj
nefjd;a Th ckdm;s
l%ufhka cks; jQ foaj,a
lshd" wmg meye<sj u
fmakjd'
iuyrla lshkjd
ckdm;s l%uh ksid hqoaOh
wjika jqKd lsh,d' yenehs
wms lshkafka ckdm;s
l%uh ksid hqoaOh wdrN
jqKd lsh,d' wdrN jQ
hqoaOhla ljod fyda wjika
jk nj b;dydi.;
h:d:hhs' Bg miafia l
cQ,sh jYfhka 83 Yd,
jHikhla f rf is
jqKd' ta;a ckdm;s l%uh
hgf;a uhs' hqoaOh tkav
tkav W;aikak wjqre
30 l ld,hla mej;=Kd'
ta ksid rdcdKavq l%uh" ka
mj;akd ckdm;s l%uhg
jvd Yd, f,i .=Kd;aul
l%uhla h lshd" ud fu;k
i`oyka lsug leu;shs'
ka wms mrudm;H
foig fhduq fjuq' wms
i`oyka flrejd"
jHjia:dodhl" Odhl"
wlrK n,h ck;djf.a
mrudm;Hhg we;=,a
fjkjdh lsh,d' ta n,;,
yeug u ck;dj flfrys
r`od mj;skjd" th w;ay<
fkdyelshs lsh,d" wfma
jHjia:df i`oyka fj,d
;sfhkjd'
fYa%IAGdlrKfha ;Skaj,
i`oyka lr,d ;sfhkjd"
ckdm;s" md,sfka;=j
iy wlrKh f n,hkays
Ndrlre muKla h lsh,d'
th ck;djf.a iqnisoah
i`oyd f wh;k iska
l%shd;aul l< hq;= hehs"
fYa%IAGdlrKh iska
;SrKh lr,d ;sfnkjd'
ka h lsis n,hl
Ndrlrefjl= f.a lghq;=
inkaOfhka ta n,fha ys

04 jeks msgqfjka'''''

lreg f;dr;=re fidhd


.ekSug wksjdhfhka u
whs;shla ;sh hq;=hs' wms
ir, WodyrKhla .uq' uu
Tng h fohla mjrkjd'
Tn th ksis whqka
myrKh lrkjd o lshd
k lshd .ekSug" l n,d
.ekSug ug whs;shla ke;a
o@ wksjdhfhka u
;sfhkjd' wkak ta jdf.a u
;uhs fu;k mrudm;Hh
;sfnkafka ck;djg" Tjqka
th ckdm;sg yd
Odhlhg mjrd ;sfnkjd'
t;fldg ckdm;s yd
Odhlh fuh ksis whqka
myrKh lrkjd o ke;a
o hk f;dr;=re ,nd
.ekSug ck;djg whs;shla
;sfnkjd'
ck;djg wys;lr jk
whqka f n,;,
l%shd;aul jk njla fmkS
.sh g" mlaIfha lrE
chiQh ue;s ;=ud mk;la
f.kdjd" md,Sfka;=j g'
n,fha kshu yslre jk"
mrudm;H ork ck;djg
f rdcHh fufyhjk iy
ta inkaOfhka .kakd
mshjr ms<sn`o f;dr;=re
k.ekSug whs;shla ;sh
hq;=hs lsh,d' ta k.ekSf
l%u ;ud ta mkf;a i`oyka
fj,d ;sfnkafka' ka f
mk; f.kyu wdKavq
mlaIfha nyq;rh mk;
jdohgj;a .ekSug bv
f;d;nd" tlfy,du
m%;slafIam l<d' ka f
uka;%Sjre f ;SrKh
;ukaf.a nqoah wkqj o
.;af;a' nqoah wkqj Tjeks
;SrKhla .ekSug
yelshdjla ;sfnkjd o@
md,sfuka;=f lghq;=
lghq;= ryiaHNdjhlska
mj;ajdf.k hdug lsisu
wjldYhla kE' ish
f;dr;=re ck;dj okakjd'
wlrKfha lghq;=;a
ck;dj okakjd' jD;a;j
kvq wykj wlrKfha'
Tlafldu hkjd tkjd
tafla m%Yakhla kE'
jd:djla yd kvq ;Skaj
,shkjd' kuq;a fydr
ryfia is jkafka
Odhlfha lghq;= muKhs'
t;fldg f;dr;=re jika
lsug wjYH;djhla
;sfnkafka" Odhlhg
muKhs'
ta ksid fu;k
jHjia:dodhlfha wdKavq
mlaIfha uka;%Sjreka lr,d
;sfnkafka" wr Odhlfha
wruqK imqrd uhs'
nqoahlska .;a; ;srKhla
k Tjqkag fmkS hkakg
wjYHhhs wmg;a Pkaoh
kafka f Pkao
odhlhskauhs' f Pkao
odhlhska g whs;shla
;sfhkjd" Odhlh flfia
o ;uqkaf.a Odhl n,h
myrkh lrkafka lshk
tl fidhd .ekSu g' ta
ksid wms ta ck;djg
iydhla h hq;=hs lsh,d'
fuk; is ;sfnkafka
n,,a ,jd fldia weg
ndjd .ekSu jeks fohl=hs'
igyk
m%shka;a wdf,dalnKavdr

11

tlish ye;a;E y;r

biairyska ke.a. wh
fodr .dj ysrfjkafka ke;sj miaig hkak'''
ffoKsl fiajd uqrh ksu fldg hfkk nihl t,a,S hkakg nia u.SyQ
fmdrnok wdldrh iu jkafka l=yqUq .=,la weiaisug muKlehs gl ug
ye`.S hhs' tkuq;a l=yqUq .=, weiaiSfuka miq ta ms<sn`o mrka isfhl= yg
kslaIKh jk iqfYaIS foh jkafka l=yqUqfjda ta f w; is hk
wdldrfha o rgdjla we;s njhs' wdrlaIdj m;d jqj o Tjqkag jhdug we;s
rgdf jeo.eula is,dpdr njla yd yslaula" l`o nv Wi uy; wmg jvd
we;s nj;a Bkshd fud,ldrhd jk ksidg jvd l=yqUqjka Wiia" YS,dpdr"
YsIaG imkak m%fKshlg wh;a nj;a ms<s.kakg wm uqyql=rd f.dia ke;'
hfkk nihg w; oukafka;a" y;s,ka nihg k.skafka;a" iru fyda
ye`o isk froao leyefmdg ljks' t;r yiaishla tfkod ;h ;=<
lsisu jeo.;a hula fjkqfjka wmg fkdf' jvd;au W;alDIag f,i
f.dvk.k ,o wd;aud:ld ye`.Sfuka uvkd ,o is;a we;shjqka f,i wms
yeisfrkafkuq' nifha fodfrka fmdr lka ;,a lrka fjgq ouka" o;a
ymka" wfkldg nek jka nih ;=<g x.kakg ork jEhu foi
fudfyd;laj;a n,d ish hq;= h' we;eful=g fldlalla fyda nia fmd,a,la
w,a,d .;af;d;a m%udKj;a h' we;eful= yg hka;ka Tj Tnd .;a;d k"
l`o fldfya jqj;a l ke;' ;jfll=g ijdx.hu nih ;=<g .;a;;a
m%Yakhls' Th w;f fld l=regka fukau" fld l=regka jkakg jEh
lrk iSh,d;a wd,d;a lrkakg lsis;a ke;ak mh .id .kska muKla
nifha .uka wrU;s' wn, n, jqka f fmdrlEf .jla rg is
jkafka ;j;a iqkdhlg wiq jQjdla fuks'
zzf,aia *iaZZ f fmdrlef iq<`.g .idf.k hhs' ls lsfha n`ka
n`og isrf jdish we;af;a nihg j;a" hre fldkafodia;r ;ekgj;a
fkdj zzmsla fmdlZZ .ik whsh,dg" wlal,dg" kka.s,dg" u,a,s,dg h' f
zzmsla fmdl ,a,kaf.aZZ fiajh werfUkafka;a uh ;r fjkafka;a wm
fndfyda fokdf.a fiajd uqr wjikajk lksiug h' ta i`oyd Tjqkag u;a
ld,igykla o fkdf,a lm;la o ys h'
f zzmslafmdl ,a,kag ZZ nih iu. mj;akd wfhdacksh wkS;sl
ne`hdj ms<sn`o nia u.Ska jk wm fuf,da fohla fkdokafkuq' kuq;a nifha
hre ;ek o fldkafodia;r u,a,S o f zzrcdZZ .ek fyd`ka oks;s'
zzbiairyska ke.a. wh fodr .dj ysrfjkafka ke;sj miaig hkak'
wka;sf f*daka tl" mia tl ke;sjqkd lshkafkmd uy;a;fhda' yf''''hxZZ
zzmsla fmdl ,a,d .ek fldkafodia;r u,a,S" nia u.Skaj we,
lrjkafka tf,iska h' ;;= fkdokafkda isr.;a jyd u ka ka niskafka
hehs is;d fldamsgqjla fia yqka ;ek u t,a,S h;s' nifhka niskafka we;e
g udihla ;siafia y yn lr.;a mm; fmdl ,a,dg m%Odkh lrks'
ka ka msla fmdl ,a,ka jvd is jkafka cx.u rl:k
fidrd.ekSug h' istl .,jd f*daka tl lShlg fyda wf, lr.; yels
ksid fuka u" fujeks fydrnvq ,hg .ekSug ;e/jqldrhka o ka iq,N
ksid h' uE;l ud .uka .;a nihl o fujeks wlr ;enhlg uqyqKmEug
;reK .egfhl= yg is h' Bg miq fldkafodia;r ;ek yd hre ;ek
.eghd nifhka nei.sh miq ish fYdalh m< l< l;dj o is;a.kakdiq h'
fldkafodia;r ( ux lSjd whsfha Th fld,a,dg Wvg ke.mka ke.mka
lsh,d' fld lsj foa weyqf kEfka'
hre ( mjg mska fokak nEfka u,a,S' ud;a lald nia tfla t,af,oa
u ud;a lE.eyqjd Wvg tkak lsh,d' Tfydu tjqkag Tfydu fj,d u nka'
wms fudkjd lrkak o@
l,d;=rlska ixisoahl yereKq g nia u.Syq f,i fujeks wjia:djl
wmg wirK ug jvd fj;a hula wfmalaId l< fkdyels nj' ;;= okafkda
;;= fkdo;a jqkag meye<s l< hq;=j we;' fuu zzud*shdfZZ fldgila we;e
g nihg o ys f'
f,dalh wm is;k ;r jgl=re ke;' idOdrK msis iudc ;,hla
f,dj fld;klj;a oHdudk fkdjQj;a tjekakla .ek isyskhla wmf.a
isf;a mj;S' th ;ju;a ;j rg;a fygg;a isf;a u ;ndf.k hd hq;=j we;'
kS;sh mqiald widOdrK;ajh iEu w;l u o,ka ;sf' nihg kef.k
ieu wiqkla ,;a jk u ksodjefgkafka tl w;lg fjd n,d lror
od.kakjdg jvd th myiq ksid h hq;= h' wiqjk iEu u. i<l=kl u
;hg tl;= lr.; yels fndfyda foa fjhs' <`. nifhka yuqjk ;=re
Tng iqN .uka'

remsh,a ismy

12

2011 wf.daia;=

id.skfa kaka f,dj mqrd


ksik
q a h hkakg mgkaf.k we;
wdydr hkq uQ,sl
ksia wjYH;djhls'
f,dalfha jejk
ck.ykhg idfmalaIj
wdydr ksIamdokh o je
h hq;= h' wdydr
ys`.lka" o;djfhka
ksiqka h hdu f,dal
b;sydifha iEu wjhlu
is fjkakg we;'
ldlrKh" ;dlaIKfha
hqKqj" Okjdofha ke.S
isu wd ldrKd iu.
uE; b;sydifha wdydr
ksIamdokh by< f.dia
;sfnk njla o
fmfkkakg ;sf' wdydr
O;ajhla o we;s
;sf' jD;a;
fjf<`ofmd< l%uh
f,dalh mqrd jHdma; u;a
iu.u O rgj,"
uyoamj," l,dmj,
wdydr ixialD;Ska Y%
ula o lsh yels h'
WodyrKhla f,i
.;afyd;a ld.s,aia" lS,aia

jeks uyd mudK iqm


udl ;=< f ish
rgj, h h wdydr ,
cdhdrEmh wka;cd,fhks
.ekSf myiql we;'
kuq;a f ish
;;a;ajhka ;=< wdydr
ys`.lka f,dj mqrd h
hk ksiqkaf.a
m%udKd;aul by< hduls
olakg ;sfnkafka' tu
;;a;ajh tkak tkaku
je jkjd i wvqjk
njla fmfkkakg ke;' ta
i`oyd n,mdk lreKq
ldrKd ms<sn`oj ksjpk
fndfydauhla ;sh yels
h'
ldlrKfha
jHdma;sh;a iu.
lDIsldl j, wdydr
ksIamdokh lrka is
ckhd l%u l%ufhka kj
/lshd fidhd k.rj,g
ixl%uKh u bka m%Odk
ldrKdjla nj f.da,Sh
wdlh ms<sn`o ksjer
laulska hq;= wdl
YAf,Ilhskaf.a woyihs'
Yd, m%udKfhka l=Uqre
bv mqrka fjka o"
f.dv lrka o ;sf' ta
f.dvjk l=Uqre bv u;
ld.s,aia jeks iqmudl
bfjka ;sfnhs' f
;;a;ajh wo ojfia ,xldj
;=< muKla is fjka

mj;sk ldrKdjla muKla


fkdj uq ol=Kq wdishdj
mqrd;a" ,;ska wefuldkq
l,dmfha;a" wm%sldf;a is
fjka mj;sk
l%shdj,shls'
f l,dmhkaj,
ksiqka ;ukaf.a wdydr
f, ;uka u ksIamdokh
lr.kska is w;r th
b;du;a iajhxfmdaIs;
jk rgdjla ;sKs'
kuq;a fndfyda rgj, kg
b;s ;sfnkafka tlS
iajhx fmdaIs; wdydr
rgdf kIagdjfYaI
muKls'
uQ,slj iy,a" ;s`.=
wdyrhla jYfhka j.d
lr.;a Tjqka" fmdaIKh
i`oyd wjYH wfkl=;a
ksIamdokhka o ;uka
iska u iq mudKfhka
ksmojd .;a y' ksjfia
idudlhkaf.a ls
wjYH;d i`oyd lsfokqka
ksjfia u fyda l=vd

idudlhska ta uyd
iud.j, l=<S fiajlhka
njg m;a fjka is'
.e ixialD;ska wdY%s;j
f.dv ke.S ;snQ
idm%Odhsl wdydr jr.
wo jk g ksIamdokh
lrkafka uyd mudk f
iud. u.sks' tajd
ksIamdokh ms<sn`o .e
ckhd ;=< ;snQ jkd
Kqu wo w`f
ie`.fjka hk cdhdjla
njg m;a fjka ;sf'
bkahdf .jhd
foaj;ajfhka i,lk
if;la jk w;r t<
lsj,ska ksmojk
idm%odhsl wdydr j.
fndfydauhla fjhs' t<`.s
f;,a" kaf;,a" .sf;,a
jeks t, lsj,ska
flfrk idm%odhsl
ksIamdok ,xldf wdydr
ixialD;sh ;=< o ckm%sh
;snqKq w;r tajd
ksIamdokh ms<sn`o b;du;a

ldlrKfha
jHdma;sh;a iu.
lDIsldl j,
wdydr ksIamdokh
lrka is ckhd l%u
l%ufhka kj /lshd
fidhd k.rj,g
ixl%uKh u bka
m%Odk ldrKdjla nj
f.da,Sh wdlh
ms<sn`o ksjer
laulska hq;= wdl
YAf,Ilhskaf.a
woyihs' Yd,
m%udKfhka l=Uqre bv
mqrka fjka o" f.dv
lrka o ;sf' ta
f.dvjk l=Uqre bv
u; ld.s,aia jeks
iqmudl bfjka
;sfnhs'

oHd;aul kqula .e
ckhd i;= h'
hqfrdamfha ia" ng
j. ksIamdokh;a tjeksu
.e ksiqkaf.a wdydr
ixialD;sfha w.kd
ksIamdokhka h'
kuq;a wo jk g f
ish,a, udyd mudK
iud. w;g m;a fjka
ksiqka flfrka f
jkd kqu ;=rka fjka
;sfnhs'
iud. iska uyd
mudKfhka fjd
ksIamdokh lsug hdfka
wo jk g is we;af;a
f iud. uyd
mudKfhka ,dn ,eu
yd fi!LH wdrlaIs;
fkdjQ wdydr ksid fidhd
.ekSug fkdyels frda.S
f,dal m%cdjla ysu
muK h'
f kj f.da,Sh wdl
rgdj mam;a lka
id.skafkka h hk
ksiqkaf.a m%udKh by<
f.dia ;su o wmg;a
wu;l l< fkdyels
ldrKdjla ;sfnkafka
f ;;a;ajfhka
.e,fjkakg wmg;a
fkdyels ;su ksid h'

f.dfmd<l we;s l<


w;r ;a;r yd uia
wjYH;d i`oyd l=l=<ka yd
;drdjka jeks i;=ka we;s
lrk ,'
kuq;a f jk g f
fndfyda j.dj,a udyd
mudK iud. u.ska
w;am;a lrf.k ;sfnk
w;r b;du iajdk j
ksoyfia ;h .; l<
f.dka yd tu mjq,aj,

igyk
frdydka iurkdhl

wrlal= ixialD;sh yd
lismamq ixialD;sh
Bfha fmfod ojil Th frej, me;af;a
mdi,lg g ishhla muK ka u;a meka wf<
ie,la wkqu; we;s nj k.;a uyd ix>r;akh
we;= m%foaY jdiSka uy;a wr.,hla lrkq ckudOH
Tiafia rggu l.; yels h' th wdrNhla f,i
igyka lrka f ls h ka k g hka f ka uys k a o
ka;kfha u;g ;s; wid:l nj k fkdfjhs'
wrlal= inkaofhka ,xldf mj;sk frda
woyi hym;a tlla f,i u;=mska fmfkkakg
;snqK;a tys h ie`.jqkq wys;lr njla o ;sfnk nj fmfkhs' idudkHfhka
wrlal= j. folla .ek wms oksuq' tlla rg u kka y`kajk iqoaodf.a
wrlal= h' wfkl iqoaodf.a wrlal= iqj`o Tiafia mfhaIK fldg wfma .f
irx fldgd,d jejqmsfha ksIamdokh l< lismamq h'
fid*a ,sl .Khg jefgk h yd rd w;ka h iqoaodf.a h'
rd wfma h' nqrcdkka jykaia ysmsg is ld,fha mjd bkahdj jeks fmr.
rgj, rd ;s we;s nj lshefjhs' foajo;a; iska kd,d.s yia;shdg rd l<
7la fmdjd nqka fj;g hejqf hehs fn!oaO idys;Hfha o i`oyka f' wrlal=
fj mdf l=Kqyrem lshka hk iqoaoka .ek wm wid ke;' tfiau
ldKqjl je;s fj ysf`ok ;=re in il,ukdju t,sfha oudf.k is
iqoafola .ek o wid ke;' Wka wrlal= f tl ms<sfj,lg h' iuyr iqoaokaf.a
lEu fifha rg u fnda;,hla jrkafka ke;' mdkh lrk jeysfhda
mdkh lrk w;r fkdlrk .eyeKqka yd <uhska ;ukaf.a mdvqf wdydrf.k
iqNm;d bj;aj hhs' kEu .ul ks yekys,af,a jd ksoyfia u;
f;d,.Eug yels nd tlla ;sfnhs'
kuq;a ,xldf ixialD;sh fjkia h' b;d rneyr k.rhl i
.f k nd tlla ;shd rgu fnda;,hla fidhd .ekSu mjd Ialr h' ne
fj,dj;a wfma f.orl lEu fifha wrlal= fnda;,hla ;ndf.k lEu lkakg
yefjd;a f.or Wka,d fldiaig u%;%d fldg iajdhdg iqh myjk ;=re
; ndkq fkdwkqudk h'
ta ksid u f.j,aj, ms f.oka msg ys;;%dka iu. fi
fjkakg;a .f k je msfha fyda fjk;a w.= ms,l ;ndf.k mdkh
lsug;a yqre is;s' ldf,a fnda;,hla idlal=f oudf.k f.dia k.rfha
;sfnk iqmudlj, yd jeisls<sj, yd fmdf jeisls<sj, isg th tl
yqiaug .s, oud tk who is;s' ta jeisls<sj, yq,x ljq Wv tjeks fnda;,a
l=mams fol ;=kla wksjdHfhka u l.; yels h'
wrlal= yd wrlal= mdkh ms<sn`o ixialD;shla" ixialD;sl meje;aula
hqfrdamfha mej;=k o ,xldjg mefKk g ixialD;sh lE,a, ye,S we;s
njhs bka fmfkkakg ;sfnkafka' wfkla fndfyda foaj,a inkaOfhka o
f ldrKh ffiau h' iqoaokaf.a mdka iqoaoka lkafka ia fm;a;la" ud
fm;a;la" ls rejla hkd f,i iu n, wdydrhla whqka ms<sfh, lrf.k
h' kuq;a wms fmd,a ifnda,hla yodf.k mdka rd;a;,a tlyudrla muK
lkakg mqre isuq'
rgla
iudchla hym;a lrkakg hdf yq frdaOh muKla m%udKj;a fkdjk
w;r wfkl=;a cd;Skaf.a ixialD;Skaf.a we;s .=Kd;aul foa ms<sn`oj o h
fyda wjfndaOhla ta we;a;kag ;sh hq;= jkafka ta ksid h'
lismamq fmu" lsKSu ,xldf kS;sfhka ;yk h' rg u rcfha
wjirhlska miqj fmu lsKSu l< yels h' wm okakd m rf yEu
;ekl u we;s zzjhska iafgdaiaZZ wh;a jkafka mlaIfha fyda mlaIfha ue;s"
weue;s jrekag h' ta" ta wdikj, wrlal= wf<h lrf.k hEfuka Tjqka
Yd, uqo,la Wmhhs' foaYmd,k n,h ke;s idudkH ksfyla nd tlla
lrk ;ekla f ,xldoamfha ;sfhkjdhs uu fkdoks' flfia fj;;a
iqrdj rglska ioygu ;=rka lrkakg hEu m%dfhda.slo lshd ;jrg;a is;d
ne,Su j' kuq;a iqrdie,a fldmuK ;snqK;a ukd mqoa., ixjOkhla iys;
ksiqka isk rgl k mdif,a w,,dmq jef wlal= nd tl ;snqK o wjevla
is fkdjkq we;'
flfia fj;;a f wrlal= ksid kdYhg m;ajk ksiqka f.a m%udKh
by< hkjd i my< hdula olakg ke;' f.j,aj, ksiaiq wrlal=j,g
wf;a ;sfhk foa hmeyeo lsu ksid bka mSvdjg m;ajkafka f.or bkakd
.eyeKqka h' we;a;gu f wrlal= fndk ksiaiq yd fkdfndk .eyeKqka
w;r .egqu w,s ksia .egqu ;rugu ,xldf jeo.;a m%Yakhla njg m;a
;sf'
wrlal= wld,fha ish ;h kdY lr.;a l,d ldrfhda fndfydauhla
f rf isfha h' iuyreka ;ju;a is;s' isxy, idys;Hhg yd fld
kdgH la f Ia ; % h g Yd, fuyfjrla l< ihs u ka kj.;a f ;a . u uy;d
tjekafkls' ,xldf ys fyd`ou ;,d jdolhd f,i ms<s.efkk fY,agka
fmfrd uy;d o tjekafkls' ta ksid l,dj;a wrlal=;a w;r inkaOhla
we;ehs iuyreka jer u;hl msysgd iskjd lsh yels h' kuq;a wrlal=
fkdfndk ksudKfka f,dalfha kEu rglska wmg fidhd.; yel'
kg jir mylg muK fmrd;=j wms msirno .ul jejl h kdka
isfhuq' yisfha .ug lvd jekq fmd,Sish ta .f lismamq l=Kk ksfyla
jyd w,a,d .;af;a h' Tyqf.a l=vd mef,a ;s w;awvx.=jg .;a lismamq Nd.hla
iys; fnda;,h ksydf.a w;g ka fmd,Sish Tyq biair lrf.k ma h
fj; hka isfha h' l f,djlska tla fmd,sia ks,Odfhla wr ksyd
.ek Yaufhka l;d lrkq olskakg ,enqKs' ksyd ldg;a fydrd wr wrlal=
Nd.hu tl yqiaug wyjr lr ;sKs' bm;a lsug kvq Ndkav ke;s
jkjdg;a jvd fmd,Sish f ksyd .ek Yauhg m;a lSf ;uqfia udr
fmdrlafka hs lshd h' iqk,
s a tisxy uy;df.a zfidrfogqfjlaZ .S;h ,xldf
ksiqkag flhs ;r wod, hs tff,a wmg mila h'

m%shka;a wdf,dalnKavdr

rdc.sh" mdla f,aka" wxl 997$43 ork ia:dkfha mx mS'ta' nKvdr iska 23$2" hQ' B' fmfrd udj;" rdc.sh hk ia:dkfha msys hka m%skagiays uqKh flg m%ldYhg m;a lrk ,'