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Chemistry MRSM 2008

Chemistry MRSM 2008

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CONFIDENTIAL 4541/1 Chemistry Paper 1 September 2008 1 ¼ hour SPM TRIAL EXAMINATION 2008 MARA JUNIOR SCIENCE COLLEGE

CHEMISTRY Paper 1 One hour and fifteen minutes

DO NOT OPEN THE QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO.
1. The question booklet is bilingual. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. Candidates are advised to read information on the back page of the question booklet. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

2.

This question booklet has 30 printed pages

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1

Diagram 1 shows the inter conversion of water, steam and ice. In which conversion do H2O molecules lose speed?
Rajah 1 menunjukkan perubahan keadaan air, ais dan stim. Dalam perubahan manakah molekul H2O hilang kelajuan?

Steam
Stim

Water
Air

Ice
Ais

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

A B C D

Ice → water
Ais → air

Ice → steam
Ais → stim

Water → steam
Air → stim

Steam → ice
Stim → ais

2

Which of the following formula represents a compound containing three atoms?
Antara formula berikut, yang manakah mewakili sebatian yang mengandungi tiga atom?

A B C D 3

HNO3 H2O LiF ZnSO4

A covalent compound does not conduct electricity because
Sebatian kovalen tidak mengalirkan arus elektrik kerana

A B C D

it does not dissolve in water
ia tidak larut dalam air

it has strong covalent bonding
ia mempunyai ikatan kovalen yang kuat

particles consist of molecules
zarah terdiri daripada molekul

ions in the covalent compound are not mobile
ion-ion dalam sebatian kovalen tidak bergerak bebas

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Table 1 shows the nucleon numbers and proton numbers of atoms W, X, Y, and Z.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan nombor nukleon dan nombor proton bagi atom-atom W, X, Y, dan Z.

W Nucleon number
Nombor nukleon

X 37 17 Table 1
Jadual 1

Y 40 18

Z 39 19

35 17

Proton number
Nombor proton

How many atom(s) represent non-metallic elements?
Berapa atomkah mewakili unsur bukan logam?

A B C D 5

1 2 3 4

Diagram 2 shows a circuit where the bulb lights up.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan satu litar dimana mentolnya menyala.

Bulb
Mentol

Electrodes
Elektrod

Substance G
Bahan G

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

What is substance G?
Apakah bahan G?

A B C D

A solution of ethanol in water
Larutan etanol dalam air

Aqueous sodium chloride
Natrium klorida akues

Solid sodium chloride
Pepejal natrium klorida

Liquid ethanol
Cecair etanol

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In which experiment the limewater does not turn cloudy? Dalam eksperimen manakah air kapur tidak menjadi keruh? A B

C

D

7

Lead(II) iodide is formed when aqueous lead(II) nitrate is added to a solution containing iodide ions. What type of reaction takes place?
Plumbum(II) iodida terbentuk apabila plumbum(II) nitrat akueus dicampur kepada larutan yang mengandungi ion iodida. Apakah jenis tindak balas yang berlaku?

A B C D

Neutralisation
Peneutralan

Oxidation
Pengoksidaan

Reduction
Penurunan

Precipitation
Pemendakan

8

A salt always ..
Garam sentiasa

A B C D

contains ions
mengandungi ion

dissolves in water
larut dalam air

forms white crystals
membentuk hablur putih

conducts electricity
mengalirkan arus elektrik

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The bodies of an aeroplane, a car and a wheelbarrow are made of alloy.
Rangka kapalterbang, kereta dan kereta sorong diperbuat daripada aloi.

Diagram 3
Rajah 3

Which alloy is used in making the bodies of aeroplane, car and wheelbarrow?
Antara aloi berikut, yang manakah digunakan untuk membuat rangka kapalterbang, kereta dan kereta sorong?

Aeroplane
Kapalterbang

Car
Kereta

Wheelbarrow
Kereta sorong

A B C D

Magnalium
Magnalium

Brass
Loyang

Steel
Keluli

Duralumin
Duralumin

Steel
Keluli

Steel
Keluli

Pewter
Pewter

Bronze
Gangsa

Brass
Loyang

Steel
Keluli

Stainless steel
Keluli nirkarat

Solder
Pateri

10

Copper wires in an electricity cable are covered in plastic as shown in diagram 4. Plastic is used because it is
Dawai kuprum dalam kabel elektrik disalut dengan plastik seperti Rajah 4. Plastik digunakan sebab ia

Diagram 4
Rajah 4

A B C D

hard.
keras

a polymer.
polimer

an insulator.
penebat

melts easily.
mudah dilebur

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11

A solution of hydrogen peroxide releases oxygen slowly at room temperature.
Larutan hidrogen peroksida membebaskan oksigen pada suhu bilik.

Hydrogen peroxide → water + oxygen
Hidrogen peroksida → air + oksigen

Diagram 5 shows the effect of adding manganese(IV) oxide to the solution.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan kesan penambahan mangan(IV) oksida kepada larutan tersebut.

Diagram 5
Rajah 5

What could be the reason for the observed change?
Apakah sebab bagi perubahan yang diperhatikan?

A B C D

Manganese(IV) oxide acts as a catalyst
Mangan(IV) oksida bertindak sebagai mangkin

Manganese(IV) oxide reacts with the hydrogen peroxide
Mangan(IV) oksida bertindak balas dengan hidrogen peroksida

The hydrogen peroxide is neutralised by manganese(IV) oxide
Hidrogen peroksida dineutralkan oleh mangan(IV) oksida

The hydrogen peroxide becomes more concentrated
Hidrogen peroksida bertambah pekat

12

Which of the following substance is found in crude oil?
Antara bahan berikut yang manakah terdapat dalam minyak mentah?

A B C D

Ethanoic acid
Asid etanoik

Polythene
Politena

Ethanol
Etanol

Butane
Butana

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2 g of marble is added to 10 cm3 of hydrochloric acid in four different test tubes. In which test tube is the reaction fastest?
2 g marmar ditambah kepada 10 cm3 asid hidroklorik dalam empat tabung uji berlainan. Dalam tabung uji manakah menghasilkan tindak balas paling cergas?

A

B

C 14 What are formed when glucose is fermented?
Apakah yang terbentuk dalam penapaian glukosa?

D

A B C D

Ethanol and carbon dioxide
Etanol dan karbon dioksida

Ethanol and oxygen
Etanol dan oksigen

Ethene and carbon dioxide
Etena dan karbon dioksida

Ethene and oxygen
Etena dan oksigen

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Diagram 6 shows the apparatus set up used to study the reaction of metal oxide and carbon.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan untuk mengkaji tindak balas antara logam oksida dengan karbon.

Diagram 6
Rajah 6

Which of the following metal oxide will turn the lime water cloudy? Antara oksida logam berikut yang manakah mengeruhkan air kapur? A B C D Magnesium oxide
Magnesium oksida

Copper(II) oxide
Kuprum(II) oksida

Calcium oxide
Kalsium oksida

Aluminium oxide
Aluminium oksida

16

The reaction between solution P and solution Q is exothermic. A student confirms this statement by mixing equal volumes of the two solutions and measuring the temperature change. Which two pieces of apparatus should the student use?
Tindak balas antara larutan P dan Q adalah eksotermik. Pelajar mengesahkah pernyataan tersebut dengan mencampurkan isipadu yang sama bagi dua larutan dan mengukur perubahan suhu. Apakah dua radas yang perlu digunakan?

A B C D

Balance and stop watch
Neraca dan jam randik

Balance and thermometer
Neraca dan termometer

Pipette and stop watch
Pipet dan jam randik

Pipette and thermometer
Pipet dan termometer

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Diagram 7 shows a set up where hydrogen is passed over a heated metal oxide.
Rajah 7 menunjukkan susunan radas di mana hidrogen dilalirkan atas logam oksida yang panas.

Diagram 7
Rajah 7

What happens to the hydrogen and metal oxide?
Apa berlaku kepada hidrogen dan oksida logam?

Hydrogen
Hidrogen

Metal oxide
Logam oksida

A B C D

Oxidised
Dioksidakan

Oxidised
Dioksidakan

Reduced
Diturunkan

Oxidised
Dioksidakan

Reduced
Diturunkan

Reduced
Diturunkan

Oxidised
Dioksidakan

Reduced
Diturunkan

18

Diagram 8 shows the structure of a palmitate ion.
Rajah 8 menunjukkan struktur bagi ion palmitat.

Diagram 8
Rajah 8

Which of the following statements is true?
Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar?

A B C D

Parts R and S are soluble in water
Bahagian R dan S larut dalam air

Parts R and S are soluble in grease
Bahagian R dan S larut dalam gris

Part R is soluble in grease and part S is soluble in water
Bahagian R larut dalam gris dan S larut dalam air

Part R is soluble in water and part S is soluble in grease
Bahagian R larut dalam air dan S larut dalam gris

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Diagram 9 shows an experiment in which magnesium oxide powder is added to dilute hydrochloric acid.
Rajah 9 menunjukkan eksperimen di mana serbuk magnesium oksida ditambah ke dalam asid hidroklorik cair.

Diagram 9
Rajah 9

Which reaction takes place in the experiment?
Apakah tindak balas yang terlibat dalam eksperimen tersebut?

Exothermic
Eksotermik

Neutralisation
Peneutralan

A B C D

 

 

20

What is the function of an analgesic?
Apakah fungsi analgesik?

A B C D

To relieve pain
Mengurangkan rasa sakit

To treat asthma
Merawat asma

To destroy bacteria
Menghapuskan bakteria

To calm down the emotion of the patient
Menenangkan emosi pesakit

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Table 2 shows the melting point and boiling points of five compounds J, K, L, M and N. Which substance exists as a liquid at room temperature?
Jadual 2 menunjukkan takat lebur dan takat didih bagi lima sebatian J , K , L , M dan N. Antara bahan berikut yang manakah wujud dalam keadaan cecair pada suhu bilik?

Substance Bahan J K L M N

Melting point(oC) Takat lebur(0C) -160 -32 -96 42 142 Table 2
Jadual 2

Boiling point(oC) Takat didih(oC) -142 55 64 172 292

A B C D

J only
J sahaja

J and K only
J dan K sahaja

K and L only
K dan L sahaja

M and N only
M dan N sahaja

22

When propane is burned in excess oxygen, carbon dioxide and water are formed and is represented by the equation
Apabila propana dibakar dalam oksigen berlebihan, karbon dioksida dan air dihasilkan dan di wakili oleh persamaan berikut

C3H8 + 5O2 → r CO2 + s H2O What are the values of r and s that balances the equation?
Apakah nilai r dan s yang mengimbangkan persamaan tersebut?

r A B C D 1 1 3 3

s 3 5 4 8

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Diagram 11 shows part of the Periodic Table of Elements.
Rajah 11 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada Jadual Berkala Unsur

Diagram 11
Rajah 11

The proton number of X is
Numbor proton X adalah

A B C D

seven less than that of Z
kurang tujuh daripada Z

three less than that of Z
kurang tiga daripada Z

one less than that of Y
kurang satu daripada Y

sixteen less than that of Y
kurang enam belas daripada Y

24

Diagram12 shows a model of a molecule containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
Rajah 12 menunjukkan model bagi satu molekul yang mengandungi karbon, hidrogen dan oksigen.

Diagram 12
Rajah 12

How many atoms of each element are in the molecule?
Berapakah bilangan atom bagi setiap unsur dalam molekul tersebut?

Carbon
Karbon

Hydrogen
Hidrogen

Oxygen
Oksigen

A B C D

1 2 2 6

6 5 6 2

2 1 1 1

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Diagram 13 shows a simple voltaic cell by using different electrode T and N.
Rajah 13 menunjukkan sel kimia ringkas menggunakan elektrod berbeza, T dan N.

Electrode T Elektrod T

Electrode N Elektrod N Copper (II) sulphate solution Larutan kuprum(II) sulfat

Diagram 13
Rajah 13

Metal T acts as the positive terminal and the potential difference is 1.9 V. Which of the following statements is true?
Logam T bertindak sebagai terminal positif dan beza upaya ialah 1.9V . Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar tentang sel kimia itu?

A B C D

T is more electropositive than N
T lebih elektropositif daripada N

Brown solid is deposited at N electrode
Pepejal perang terenap di elektrod N

Electron flows from T to N through the external circuit
Elektron mengalir dari T ke N melalui litar luar

The potential difference will decrease if T is replaced by any other more electropositive metal than T
Beza upaya akan berkurang jika T digantikan oleh logam lain yang lebih elektropositif daripada T

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Diagram 14 shows the pH values of the soil in part F and part G of a palm oil plantation.
Rajah 14 menunjukkan nilai pH bagi tanah di bahagian F dan G bagi suatu ladang kelapa sawit.

Diagram 14
Rajah 14

The owner wishes to use lime to neutralise the soil in one part of the plantation Which part should the lime(calcium oxide) be added, and why?
Pemilik ladang bercadang menggunakan kapur untuk meneutralkan sebahagian daripada ladangnya. Bahagian manakah yang perlu ditambah kapur dan mengapa?

A B C D

F because lime is acidic
F sebab kapur berasid

F because lime is basic
F sebab kapur beralkali

G because lime is acidic
G sebab kapur berasid

G because lime is basic
G sebab kapur beralkali

27

Diagram 15 shows how ion W in a solution can be identified.
Rajah 15 menunjukkan bagaimana ion W dalam larutan dapat dikenalpasti.

Diagram 15
Rajah 15

What is ion W?
Apakah ion W?

A B C D
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Polymerization occurs when many small molecules combined to form a long chained molecule (polymer). Diagram 16 shows the structure of a small molecule.
Pempolimeran berlaku apabila banyak molekul kecil bergabung membentuk molekul berantai panjang (polimer). Rajah 16 menunjukkan struktur suatu molekul kecil

Diagram 16
Rajah 16

Which of the following represents the structure of a polymer formed when these small molecules are linked together?
Antara berikut yang manakah mewakili struktur polimer yang terbentuk apabila molekul kecil tersebut bergabung?

A

B

C

D

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Ethanol reacts with ethanoic acid to form ethyl ethanoate.
Etanol bertindak balas dengan asid etanoik membentuk etil etanoat.

C2H5OH + CH3COOH → CH3COOC2H5 + H2O What is the formula of the ester formed when methanol reacts with butanoic acid, (C3H7COOH)?
Apakah formula bagi ester yang terbentuk apabila metanol bertindak balas dengan asid butanoik, (C3H7COOH)?

A B C D 30

C2H5COOC2H5 C3H7COOC2H5 C3H7COOCH3 CH3COOC3H7

Diagram 17 shows set up of apparatus to study the rate of reaction. Magnesium is added to excess dilute hydrochloric acid at 25 oC
Rajah 17 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji kadar tindak balas. Magnesium ditambah kepada asid hidroklorik berlebihan pada suhu 25 oC.

Diagram 17
Rajah 17

Which of the following effects on rate and amount of product are correct when the concentration of acid and temperature are increased?
Antara kesan ke atas kadar dan kuantiti hasil berikut yang manakah betul apabila kepekatan asid dan suhu ditambah?

Increase concentration of acid
Penambahan kepekatan asid

Increase temperature
Penambahan suhu

Amount of product
Kuantiti hasil

A B C D

Increase rate of reaction
Kadar tindak balas bertambah

Increase rate of reaction
Kadar tindak balas bertambah

no change
Tidak berubah

Decrease rate of reaction
Kadar tindak balas berkurang

Decrease rate of reaction
Kadar tindak balas berkurang

Increase
Bertambah

Decrease rate of reaction
Kadar tindak balas berkurang

Increase rate of reaction
Kadar tindak balas bertambah

Decrease
Berkurang

Increase rate of reaction
Kadar tindak balas bertambah

Decrease rate of reaction
Kadar tindak balas berkurang

Increase
Bertambah

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Diagram 18 shows oxidation process of ethanol.
Rajah 18 menunjukkan proses pengoksidaan etanol

Water out
Air keluar

Water in
Air masuk

Ethanol with acidified potassium dichromate
Air Campuran etanol dan kalium dikromat berasid

Heat
Haba

Diagram 18
Rajah 18

What can be observed after being heated for 5 minutes?
Apakah yang dapat diperhatikan selepas 5 minit dipanaskan?

A B C D

No colour change
Tiada perubahan warna

All of the ethanol vapourises and the flask becomes dry
Semua etanol meruap dan kelalang kering

The colour of mixture changes from orange to green
Warna larutan campuran bertukar dari jingga ke hijau

The mixture in the flask separated into two layers. The upper layer is yellow while the lower layer is green
Campuran dalam kelalang membentuk dua lapisan. Lapisan atas berwarna kuning, lapisan bawah berwarna hijau

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Diagram 19 shows the apparatus set up used to investigate the rusting of iron.
Rajah 19 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan untuk mengkaji pengaratan besi

Diagram 19
Rajah 19

In which test-tubes will the iron rust?
Dalam tabung uji manakah besi mengalami pengaratan?

A B C D 33

I only
I sahaja

II only
II sahaja

I and III only
I dan III sahaja

II and III only
II dan III sahaja

Diagram 20 shows a match. By striking the match, a chemical reaction is initiated.
Rajah 20 menunjukkan sebatang mancis. Apabila mengores mancis, satu tindak balas akan dimulakan.

Diagram 20
Rajah 20

Which statements about the chemical reaction are correct?
Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar mengenai tindak balas di atas?

A B C D

Reaction is endothermic because energy is used to strike the match
Tindak balas adalah endotermik sebab tenaga digunakan untuk mengores mancis

Reaction is endothermic because energy is given out as the match burns
Tindak balas adalah endotermik sebab tenaga dibebaskan apabila mancis terbakar

Reaction is exothermic because energy is used to strike the match
Tindak balas adalah eksotermik sebab tenaga digunakan untuk mengores mancis

Reaction is exothermic because energy is given out as the match burns
Tindak balas adalah eksotermik sebab tenaga dibebaskan apabila mancis terbakar

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Diagram 21 shows apparatus set up used to prepare barium chloride and barium sulphate. In each experiment, the acid is run into the conical flask until the resulting liquid has pH7.
Rajah 21 menunjukkan dua susunan radas untuk menghasilkan barium klorida dan barium sulfat. Dalam setiap eksperimen, asid dititis ke dalam kelalang kon sehingga larutan mencapai pH 7.

Diagram 21
Rajah 21

What are the next steps to obtain samples of the solid salts?
Apakah langkah seterusnya untuk mendapatkan garam dalam bentuk pepejal?

Barium chloride
Barium klorida

Barium sulphate
Barium sulfat

A B C D

Crystallisation
Penghabluran

Crystallisation
Penghabluran

Crystallisation
Penghabluran

Filtration
Penurasan

Filtration
Penurasan

Crystallisation
Penghabluran

Filtration
Penurasan

Filtration
Penurasan

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For complete combustion, one molecule of an organic compound needs six molecules of oxygen. What could the formula of this compound be?
Untuk pembakaran lengkap, satu molekul sebatian organik memerlukan enam molekul oksigen. Apakah formula bagi sebatian tersebut?

A B C D 36

C2 H4 C2 H6 C4 H8 C H3OH

Redox reaction between iron(II) ion and manganate(VII) ion is represented by the equation:
Tindak balas redoks antara ion ferum(II) dan ion manganat(VII) diwakili oleh persamaan:

5 Fe2+ + MnO4- + 8 H+ → 5 Fe3+ + Mn2+ + 4 H2O What can be deduced from the equation?
Apakah yang dapat disimpulkan daripada persamaan ini?

I II III IV A B C D

The oxidation state of manganese changes from +7 into +2
Nombor pengoksidaan mangan berubah dari +7 kepada +2

The oxidation state of hydrogen changes from +1 into 0
Nombor pengoksidaan hidrogen berubah dari +1 kepada 0

The greenish colour of iron(II) ions solution turns to colourless
Warna hijau ion ferum(II) bertukar kepada tidak berwarna

Electrons transfer from iron(II) ions to manganate(VII) ions
Pemindahan elektron dari larutan ion ferum(II) kepada ion manganat(VII)

I and III only
I dan III sahaja

I and IV only
I dan IV sahaja

I, II and III only
I, II dan III sahaja

I, II, III and IV
I, II, III dan IV

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Table 3 describes the structures of four particles.
Jadual 3 menunjukkan struktur bagi empat zarah.

Particle
Zarah

Number of protons
Bilangan proton

Number of neutrons
Bilangan neutron

Number of electrons
Bilangan elektron

O O 2Na Na+

8 8 11 11 Table 3
Jadual 3

8 8 Q 12

8 P 11 R

What are the correct values of P, Q and R?
Apakah nilai yang betul bagi P, Q dan R?

P A B C D 9 9 10 10

Q 11 11 12 12

R 10 11 10 11

38

L and M are diatomic elements. L is less reactive than M. Which of the following elements are L and M?
L dan M adalah unsur-unsur dwiatom. Antara berikut yang manakah merupakan unsur L dan M?

L A B C D Bromine
Bromin

M Iodine
Iodin

Iodine
Iodin

Bromine
Bromin

Sodium
Natrium

Potassium
Kalium

Potassium
Kalium

Sodium
Natrium

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Table 4 gives information about the ability of four substances to conduct electricity.
Jadual 4 menunjukkan maklumat mengenai kebolehan empat bahan untuk mengalirkan elektrik.

Substance
Bahan

Electrical conductivity
Kekonduksian elektrik

R T U W

Does not conduct under any conditions
Tidak mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam semua keadaan

Conducts only in aqueous solution
Mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam keadaan berair sahaja

Conducts in molten and solid state
Mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam keadaan leburan dan pepejal

Conducts in molten state and aqueous solution
Mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam keadaan leburan dan larutan berair

Table 4
Jadual 4

What could these four substances be?
Apakah keempat-empat bahan ini?

R A B C D 40 Pb S S S

T HCl HCl HCl NaCl

U NaCl NaCl Pb HCl

W S Pb NaCl Pb

Heating ammonium salts with sodium hydroxide will produce ammonia gas. Which of the following ammonium salt can produce the greatest volume of ammonia gas?
Pemanasan garam ammonium dengan natrium hidroksida menghasilkan gas ammonia. Antara garam ammonium berikut yang manakah akan menghasilkan isipadu gas ammonia tertinggi?

A B C D

0.5 mol (NH4)3PO4 0.5 mol (NH4)2SO4 1.0 mol NH4Cl 1.0 mol NH4NO3

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41

Diagram 22 shows an incomplete apparatus set up.
Rajah 22 menunjukkan susunan radas yang tidak lengkap.

Diagram 22
Rajah 22

Which of the following diagrams shows the correct completion at X after the solution has been electrolysed for some time?
Antara rajah berikut yang manakah merupakan pelengkap yang betul di X selepas elektrolisis dijalankan beberapa ketika?

A

B

C

D

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42

Diagram 23 shows an electrolytic circuit using inert electrodes. At which electrode is metal deposited?
Rajah 23 menunjukkan satu litar elektrolisis menggunakan elektrod lengai. Pada elektrod manakah logam terenap?

Molten lead(II) bromide
Plumbum(II) bromida lebur

Aqueous sodium chloride Natrium klorida akueus Diagram 23
Rajah 23

Heat Panaskan

43

Dilute hydrochloric acid was reacted with magnesium ribbon and the volume of hydrogen gas evolved was measured for the first 80 s.
Asid hidroklorik cair ditindak balaskan dengan pita magnesium dan isipadu gas hidrogen terbebas diukur bagi 80 saat pertama.

What was the average rate of production of hydrogen?
Apakah kadar purata bagi pembebasan hidrogen?

A B C D

0.4 cm3/ s 2.5 cm3/ s 4.0 cm3/ s 40.0 cm3/ s

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44

Diagram 24 shows some reactions of a compound J.
Rajah 24 menunjukkan beberapa tindak balas bagi sebatian J.

Compound J
Sebatian J

Excess HNO3
HNO3 berlebihan

Gas

+

Colourless solution
Larutan tanpa warna

Excess NaOH
NaOH berlebihan

White precipitate in excess NaOH
Mendakan putih dalam NaOH berlebihan

Diagram 24
Rajah 24

What could compound J be?
Apakah sebatian J?

A B C D

Aluminium carbonate
Aluminium karbonat

Magnesium carbonate
Magnesium karbonat

Copper(II) carbonate
Kuprum(II) karbonat

Zinc carbonate
Zink karbonat

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45

Calcium carbonate reacts with excess hydrochloric acid at room temperature and is represented by the equation
Kalsium karbonat bertindak balas dengan asid hidroklorik berlebihan pada suhu bilik dan diwakili oleh persamaan.

CaCO3 + 2HCl Two experiments were carried out.
Dua eksperimen telah dijalankan.

→ CaCl2 + H2O + CO2

Experiment I: 10 g of calcium carbonate in large lumps.
Eksperimen I: 10 g ketulan kalsium karbonat

Experiment II: 5 g of calcium carbonate as a fine powder.
Eksperimen II: 5g serbuk kalsium karbonat

Which of the following graph of volume of gas against time is correct?
Antara graf isipadu gas melawan masa berikut yang manakah benar?

A

B

C

D

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46

Ethene reacts with steam in the presence of a suitable catalyst. What is the structural formula of the compound formed?
Etena akan bertindak balas dengan stim dalam kehadiran mangkin yang sesuai. Apakah formula struktur bagi sebatian yang terbentuk?

47

Powdered carbon and copper are separately heated as shown in Diagram 25.
Serbuk karbon dan kuprum dipanaskan secara berasingan seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 25.

Diagram 25
Rajah 25

What are the changes in the masses of the powder?
Apakah perubahan jisim bagi kedua-dua serbuk?

Carbon
Karbon

Copper
Kuprum

A B C D

Decrease
Berkurangan

Decrease
Berkurangan

Decrease
Berkurangan

Increase
Bertambah

Increase
Bertambah

Decrease
Berkurangan

Increase
Bertambah

Increase
Bertambah

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48

Table 5 shows the result of three experiments involving halogen displacement.
Jadual 5 menunjukkan keputusan bagi tiga eksperimen penyesaran halogen.

Halide solution Experiment
Eksperimen

Halogen added
Halogen ditambah

Larutan halida

XNo reaction
Tiada perubahan

YY2 produced
Y2 dihasilkan

ZZ2 produced
Z2 dihasilkan

I II III

X2 Y2 Z2

Y2 produced
Y2 dihasilkan

No reaction
Tiada perubahan

No reaction
Tiada perubahan

-

Table 5
Jadual 5

What are halogens X, Y and Z?
Apakah halogen X, Y dan Z?

X A B C D 49 Br Br Cl Cl

Y Cl I I Br

Z I Cl Br I

The thermochemical equation represents the displacement of iron.
Persamaan termokimia mewakili tindak balas penyesaran ferum.

Mg(s) + Fe2+ (aq) → Mg2+ (aq) + Fe(s) Which of the following statements are true?
Manakah antara berikut benar?

= -189 kJ mol

1

I II III IV A B C D

Magnesium is oxidized
Magnesium dioksidakan

Reaction is exothermic
Tindak balas adalah eksotermik

The temperature decreases
Suhu berkurangan

The heat released by reacting 0.2 mole of ferum(II) ions is 37.8 kJ
Haba yang dibebaskan semasa 0.2 mol ion ferum(II) bertindak balas ialah 37.8 kJ mol -1.

I and II only
I dan II sahaja

II and IV only
II dan IV sahaja

III and IV only
III dan IV sahaja

I, II and IV only
I,II dan IV sahaja

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50

When zinc nitrate is heated strongly, it decomposes according to the equation
Apabila zink nitrat di panaskan dengan kuat, ia akan terurai mengikut persamaan

2 Zn(NO3)2 → 2 ZnO + 4 NO2 + O2 Which of the following will be produced when 18.9 g of zinc nitrate is heated? [Molar mass Zn(NO3)2 = 189 gmol-1 , molar mass zinc oxide = 81 gmol-1 and 1 mol of gas occupies a volume of 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure]
Antara berikut yang manakah akan terhasil jika 18.9 g zink nitrat dipanaskan? [Jisim molar: Zn(NO3)2 =189 gmol-1 , molar mass ZnO = 81 gmol-1 dan 1 mol gas menempati isipadu sebanyak 24 dm3 pada suhu dan tekanan bilik]

A B C D

4.8 dm3 nitrogen dioxide gas
4.8 dm3 gas nitrogen dioksida

0.04 mol of oxygen gas
0.04 mol of gas oksigen

7.1 g zinc oxide
7.1 g zink oksida

2.4 dm3 oxygen gas
2.4 dm3 gas oksigen

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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON 1. 2. 3. This question paper consists of 50 questions.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan.

Answer all questions.
Jawab semua soalan

Each question is followed by four alternative answers A, B, C and D. For each question, choose one answer only. Blacken your answer on the objective answer sheet provided.
Tiap-tiap soalan di ikuti oleh empat pilihan jawapan, iaitu A, B, C dan D. Bagi setiap soalan, pilih satu jawapan sahaja. Hitamkan jawapan anda pada kertas jawapan objektif yang disediakan.

4.

If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made. Then blacken the new answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan, padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat. Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru.

5. 6.

The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.

You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram.

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4541/2 Chemistry Paper 2 Sept 2008 2 ½ hour

Name : ……………………………………. Index Number: …......…………………….

SPM TRIAL EXAMINATION 2008 MARA Junior Science College

CHEMISTRY
Paper 2 Two hours and thirty minutes DO NOT OPEN THE QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO 1. Write your name and index number in the spaces provided.
Tuliskan nama dan angka giliran anda pada ruang yang disediakan.

Kod Pemeriksa
Section Question

Full mark

Marks

1 2 3 A 4 5 6 7 B 8 9 C 10 TOTAL

9 9 10 10 11 11 20 20 20 20

2. The question booklet is bilingual
Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.

3. Candidate is required to read the information at the back page of the question booklet.
Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini .

This booklet contains 32 printed pages.

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For Examiner’s Use

Section A
Bahagian A

[60 marks] [60 markah] Answer all questions in this section.
Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.

1

Diagram 1.1 shows the set up of the apparatus used in an experiment to determine the melting point of a substance M.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan susunan radas yung digunakan untuk menentukan takat lebur bahan M.

Diagram 1.1
Rajah 1.1

(a) 1(a)(i) i)

(i)

State one error in Diagram 1.1
Nyatakan satu kesilapan di dalam Rajah 1.1.

……………………………………………………………………... [1 mark]
[1 markah]

1(a)(ii)

(ii)

Why water bath is used to heat the substance M?
Mengapakah kukus air digunakan untuk memanaskan bahan M?

……………………………………………………………………... [1 mark]
[1 markah]

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(b)

Diagram 1.2 shows a graph of temperature against time when solid of substance M is heated.
Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan graf suhu melawan masa apabila pepejal bahan M dipanaskan.

For Examiner’s Use

Diagram 1.2
Rajah 1.2

(i)

What is the melting point of substance M?
Berapakah takat lebur bahan M?

1(b)(i) ……………………………………………………………………... [1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii)

State the physical state of substance M at point F.
Nyatakan keadaan fizikal bahan M pada titik F.

……………………………………………………………………... [1 mark]
[1 markah]

1(b)(ii)

(iii)

Compare kinetic energy of particles at points E and F
Bandingkan tenaga egativ zarah-zarah pada titik E dan F.

……………………………………………………………………... [1 mark]
[1 markah]

1(b)(iii)

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For Examiner’s Use

(iv)

Draw the arrangement of particles of substance M at 60oC and 90oC.
Lukiskan susunan zarah-zarah bahan M pada suhu 60OC dan 90OC.

1(b)(iv) 60oC 90oC [2 marks]
[2 markah]

(c)

Diagram 1.3 shows the structural formula of substance M.
Rajah 1.3 menunjukkan formula struktur bahan M.

Diagram 1.3
Rajah 1.3

(i) 1(c)(i)

What is meant by molecular formula?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan formula molekul?

……………………………………………………………………... ……………………………………………………………………... [1 mark]
[1 markah]

1(c)(ii)

(ii)

State the molecular formula of substance M.
Nyatakan formula molekul bahan M.

……………………………………………………………………... [1 mark]
[1 markah]

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2

Diagram 2 shows the set up of apparatus of two types of cells. Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan radas dua jenis sel.

For Examiner’s Use

Cell I
Sel I

Cell II
Sel II

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

(a)

For the reaction in Cell I,
Bagi tindak balas Sel I,

(i)

State the energy change.
Nyatakan perubahan tenaga

..…………………………………………………………………….. (ii) State one observation.
Nyatakan satu pemerhatian

2(a) ..…………………………………………………………………….. [2 marks]
[2 markah]

(b)

Identify the negative terminal of
Kenalpasti terminal negatif di

Cell I : ……………………………………………………………………..
Sel I

2(b)

Cell II : …………………………………………………………………….. Sel II [2 marks]
[2 markah]

(c)

For the reaction that occurs in Cell II:
Bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di Sel II:

(i)

What is the function of the porous pot?
Apakah fungsi pasu berliang?

2(c)(i)

……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
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For Examiner’s Use

(ii) 2(c)(ii)

State one observation.
Nyatakan satu pemerhatian.

……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
[1 markah]

2(c)(iii)

(iii)

Write the overall ionic equation
Tulis persamaan ion keseluruhan

……………………………………………………………………... [1 mark]
[1 markah]

(d)

Zinc electrode and zinc sulphate solution in Cell II are replaced by iron electrode and iron (II) sulphate solution. State the changes to the voltmeter reading. Explain your answer.
Elektrod zink dan larutan zink sulfat dalam sel II digantikan dengan elektrod ferum dan larutan ferum (II ) sulfat, Nyatakan perubahan kepada bacaan voltmeter. Terangkan jawapan anda..

2(d)

……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks]
[2 markah]

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3

Diagram 3 shows the apparatus set-up for the preparation of zinc sulphate from zinc carbonate and an acid.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk penyediaan zink sulfat daripada zink karbonat dengan suatu asid.

For Examiner’s Use

Heat Step II

Step 1

Step IV Heat Step III Diagram 3
Rajah 3

(a)

What is meant by salt?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan garam?

……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
[1 markah]

3(a)

(b)

(i)

Draw the diagram for step II in the box provided.
Lukis gambar rajah untuk langkah II di dalam kotak yang disediakan.

3(b)(i) [2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii)

What is the purpose of carrying out step II?
Apakah tujuan melakukan langkah II?

3(b)(ii)

……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
[1 markah]

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For Examiner’s Use

(c)

(i)

Name the acid used.
Namakan asid yang digunakan.

3(c)(i)

……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) 3(c)(ii)

Write the chemical equation for the reaction.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia untuk tindak balas tersebut.

……………………………………………………………………… [2 marks]
[2 markah]

(d)

The chart shows the reaction of zinc sulphate and metal X.
Carta menunjukkan tindak balas antara zink sulfat dengan logam X.

Zinc sulphate
Zink sulfat

+ X

X sulphate + zinc
X sulfat + zink

3(d)(i)

(i)

Suggest a name for metal X.
Cadangkan nama untuk logam X.

……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) 3(d)(ii)

What is observed when aqueous ammonia is added in excess to zinc sulphate solution?
Apakah yang diperhatikan apabila ammonia akueus ditambah kepada larutan zink sulfat sehingga berlebihan?

……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… [2 marks]
[2 markah]

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4

Vinegar is aqueous ethanoic acid. The concentration of ethanoic acid in the vinegar was determined by titrating the vinegar with 0.10 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution using phenolphthalein as an indicator. The result of the experiment is shown in Table 4.
Cuka adalah larutan asid etanoik. Kepekatan asid etanoik dalam cuka ditentukan melalui pentitratan dengan 0.10 mol dm -3 larutan natrium hidroksida dengan menggunakan fenoftalein sebagai penunjuk. Keputusan eksperimen di tunjukkan dalam Jadual 4.

For Examiner’s Use

The following equation represents the reaction:
Persamaan berikut mewakili tindak balas tersebut:

CH3COOH + NaOH

CH3COONa + H2O Titration I
Penitratan I

Titration II
Penitratan II

Titration III
Penitratan III

Initial burette reading / cm3
Bacaan awal buret

0.00 23.40

23.40 47.00

0.00 23.50

Final burette reading / cm3
Bacaan akhir buret

Volume of NaOH used / cm3
Isipadu NaOH digunakan

Table 4
Jadual 4

(a)

Ethanoic acid is a weak acid. What is meant by weak acid?
Asid etanoik adalah asid lemah. Apakah dimaksudkan dengan asid lemah.

……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
[1 markah]

4(a)

(b)

State the colour change of phenolphthalein at the end point.
Nyatakan perubahan warna fenolftalein pada takat akhir.

4(b) ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c)

(i)

Complete Table 4 by calculating the volume of sodium hydroxide solution used in each titration
Lengkapkan Jadual 4 dengan menghitung isipadu larutan natrium hidroksida yang digunakan dalam setiap pentitratan.

4(c)(i)

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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For Examiner’s Use

(ii)

Calculate the average volume of 0.10 mol dm-3 of sodium hydroxide solution used to neutralize 25.00 cm3 of vinegar.
Hitung isipadu purata larutan natrium hidroksida 0.10 mol dm-3 yang digunakan untuk meneutralkan 25.00 cm3 cuka.

4(c)(ii) [1 mark]
[1 markah]

(d)

(i)

Calculate the number of moles of sodium hydroxide used to neutralize 25.0 cm3 of vinegar.
Hitung bilangan mol natrium hidroksida yang digunakan untuk meneutralkan 25.00 cm3 cuka.

4(d)(i) [1mark]
[1 markah]

(ii)

Calculate the concentration of ethanoic acid in the vinegar.
Hitung kepekatan asid etanoik dalam cuka..

4(d)(ii) [3 marks]
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(e)

The experiment is repeated using 0.10 mol dm-3 of barium hydroxide to replace sodium hydroxide. Predict the volume of barium hydroxide solution required to neutralize 25.00 cm3 of vinegar. Explain your answer.
Eksperimen diulangi menggunakan larutan barium hidroksida 0.10 mol dm-3 menggantikan larutan natrium hidroksida.. Ramalkan isipadu larutan barium hidroksida yang diperlukan untuk menutralkan 25.00 cm3 cuka. Terangkan jawapan anda.

For Examiner’s Use

……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks]
[2 markah]

4(e)

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For Examiner’s Use

5

In an experiment, 50.0 cm3 of hydrogen peroxide solution is mixed with 1.0 g of manganese(IV) oxide powder. The total volume of oxygen gas liberated is measured at 30 seconds intervals. Table 5 shows the result of the experiment.
Dalam satu eksperimen, 50.0 cm3 larutan hydrogen peroksida di campurkan dengan 1.0g serbuk mangan(IV) oksida. Jumlah isipadu gas oksigen yang dibebaskan diukur setiap 30 saat. Jadual 5 menunjukkan keputusan ekperimen.

Time (s)
Masa (s)

0

30

60

90

120

150

180

210

Volume of oxygen (cm3)
Isipadu oksigen (cm3)

00.00 12.50 17.50 23.00 26.00 28.00 30.00 30.00 Table 5
Jadual 5

5(a) (a) What is the function of manganese(IV) oxide?
Apakah fungsi mangan(IV) oksida?

……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) 5(b)

Write a balanced chemical equation for the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide.
Tulis persamaan kimia seimbang bagi penguraian hidrogen peroksida.

……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c)

Plot a graph of the volume of oxygen gas against time on page 13.
Plotkan graf isipadu gas oksigen melawan masa pada muka surat 13.

[3 marks]
[3 markah]

(d) 5(d)

How long does it take for the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to be completed?
Berapa lamakah masa yang diambil untuk penguraian lengkap hidrogen peroksida?

……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
[1 markah]

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Graph of the volume of oxygen gas against time
Graf isipadu gas oksigen melawan masa

5(c)

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For Examiner’s Use

(e)

From the graph obtained in (c), calculate:
Daripada graf yang diperolehi dalam (c), hitungkan ;

(i)

the instantaneous rate of reaction at 30th second.
kadar tindak balas pada saat ke 30

5(e)(i) [2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii)

the average rate of reaction for the first 90 seconds
kadar tindak balas purata untuk 90 minit pertama

5(e)(ii) (f)

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

The experiment is repeated using 2.0 g of manganese(IV) oxide. The reaction stops at 120 seconds. Explain.
Eksperimen diulangi menggunakan 2.0 g mangan(IV) oksida. Tindak balas berhenti pada 120 saat. Terangkan.

……………………………………………………………………………… 5(f) ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks]
[2 markah]

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6

Diagram 6 shows the apparatus set-up to determine the heat of displacement of copper from its salt solution by lead powder.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan haba penyesaran kuprum daripada larutan garamnya oleh serbuk plumbum.

For Examiner’s Use

Diagram 6
Rajah 6

50 cm3 of 0.2 mol dm-3 copper(II) sulphate is poured into a polystyrene cup. The initial temperature of the solution is recorded. Excess lead powder is added into the copper(II) sulphate solution, stirred and the maximum temperature is recorded. Table 6 shows the result of the experiment.
50 cm3 larutan kuprum(II) sulfat 0.2 mol dm-3 dimasukkan ke dalam sebuah cawan polistirena. Suhu awal larutan direkodkan. Serbuk plumbum berlebihan ditambah ke dalam larutan kuprum(II) sulfat, campuran dikacau dan suhu tertinggi larutan direkodkan.. Jadual 6 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen

Initial temperature / oC
Suhu awal

28.0 33.0

Maximum temperature / oC
Suhu tertinggi

Jadual 6
Table 6

(a)

Give one suggestion on how the above apparatus can be improved to get a better result.
Berikan satu cadangan bagaimana radas di atas dapat diperbaiki untuk mendapatkan keputusan yang lebih baik.

……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
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6(a)

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(b)

What is meant by the heat of displacement of copper by lead?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan haba penyesaran kuprum oleh plumbum?

6(b)

……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
[1 markah]

6(c)

(c)

Write the ionic equation for the reaction.
Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi tindak balas tersebut..

……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark]
[1 markah]

(d)

(i)

Calculate the number of moles of copper(II) ions reacted.
Hitung bilangan mol ion kuprum(II) yang disesarkan..

6(d)(i) [1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii)

Calculate the amount of heat released in the experiment. [Density of solution = 1.0 g cm-3 and specific heat capacity of water = 4.2 J g-1oC-1]
Hitung jumlah haba yang dibebaskan dalam eksperimen.. [ Ketumpatan larutan = 1.0 g cm 3 dan muatan haba tentu larutan air = 4.2J g-1 oC-1]

6(d)(ii)

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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(iii)

Calculate the heat of displacement of copper by lead.
Hitung haba penyesaran bagi kuprum oleh plumbum.

For Examiner’s Use

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

6(d)(iii)

(e)

Draw the energy level diagram for the reaction.
Lukis gambar rajah aras tenaga bagi tindak balas.

6(e) [2 marks]
[2 markah]

(f)

What happens to the temperature change if lead powder is replaced by magnesium powder? Explain.
Apakah berlaku kepada perubahan suhu jika serbuk plumbum digantikan dengan serbuk magnesium? Terangkan.

……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [3 marks]
[3 markah]

6(f)

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Section B
Bahagian B

[20 marks] [20 markah] Answer any one question from this section.
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini..

7

(a)

Diagram 7.1 shows the position of chlorine and iodine in the Periodic Table of Elements.
Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan kedudukan klorin dan iodin di dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur.

Cl I

Diagram 7.1
Rajah 7.1

Which group does these elements belongs to? Explain why chlorine is more reactive than iodine.
Dalam kumpulan manakah unsur ini terletak? Terangkan mengapa klorin lebih reaktif berbanding iodin?

[4 marks]
[4 markah]

(b)

Diagram 7.2 shows the reaction between potassium with water. The experiment is repeated using sodium to replace potassium. Observations are recorded in Table 7.1
Rajah 7.2 menunjukkan tindak balas antara kalium dengan air. Eksperimen di ulangi menggunakan natrium menggantikan kalium. Permerhatian dicatatkan di dalam jadual 7.1

Diagram 7.2
Rajah 7.2

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Element
Unsur

Proton number
Nombor proton

Observation
Pemerhatian

Potassium
Kalium

19

Metal moves very vigorously on the surface of water. Colourless solution formed and changed red litmus paper blue.
Bergerak sangat cergas di permukaan air. Larutan tanpa warna yang terhasil menukarkan warna kertaslitmus merah kepada biru

Sodium
Natrium

11

Metal moves vigorously on the surface of water with a „hissing‟ sound. Colourless solution is formed and changed red litmus paper blue.
Bergerak cergas di permukaan air dengan bunyi ‘hiss’. Larutan tanpa warna terbentuk menukarkan kertas litmus merah kepada biru

Table 7.1 Jadual 7.1 (i) Based on the proton number, explain why both elements show similar chemical properties.
Berdasarkan nombor proton, terangkan mengapa kedua-dua unsur menunjukkan sifat kimia yang sama.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii)

Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction between potassium and water.
Tulis persamaan kima seimbang untuk tindak balas kalium dan air.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(iii)

Describe briefly why the solutions obtained in both reactions turns red litmus paper blue.
Terangkan secara ringkas mengapa larutan yang diperolehi menukarkan kertas litmus merah kepada biru.

[2 marks] [2 markah]

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(c)

Table 7.2 shows the proton number of four elements.
Jadual 7.2 menunjukkan bilangan proton bagi empat unsur..

Element
Unsur

Proton Number
Bilangan proton

C Na O Table 7.2
Jadual 7.2

6 11 8

Explain how bonds are formed when:
Terangkan bagaimana ikatan terbentuk apabila :

(i) (ii)

Na reacts with O to form a compound P.
Na bertindak balas dengan O membentuk sebatian P.

C reacts with O to form a compound Q.
C bertindak balas dengan O membentuk sebatian Q.

Your answer must include diagrams showing the electron arrangement of compounds P and Q.
Jawapan anda mesti termasuk gambar rajah yang menunjukkan susunan electron bagi sebatian P dan Q.

[10 marks]
[10 markah]

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8

(a)

Diagram 8 shows the structural formula of chloroethene or vinyl chloride.
Rajah 8 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi kloroetena atau vinil klorida.

H H │ │ C = C │ │ H Cl Diagram 8
Rajah 8

(i)

Vinyl chloride can undergo polymerization. Suggest a name for the polymer formed and write a chemical equation for the reaction.
Vinil klorida boleh mengalami pempolimeran. Cadangkan satu nama bagi polimer terbentuk dan tulis persamaan kimia untuk tindak balas tersebut.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii)

Discuss the following statement:
Bincang kenyataan berikut:

The usage of synthetic polymer causes environmental pollution.
Kegunaan polimer sintetik menyebabkan pencemaran alam sekitar

[3 marks]
[3 markah]

(b)

Ammonia and sulphuric acid are two important chemicals produced in chemical industries. Ammonia gas reacts with aqueous sulphuric acid to form a nitrogenous fertilizer as shown in the equation.
Ammonia dan asid sulfurik adalah dua bahan kimia penting dihasilkan oleh industri kimia. Gas ammonia bertindak balas dengan asid sulfurik membentuk baja bernitrogen seperti yang ditunjukkan oleh persamaan.

2NH3 + H2SO4 →

(NH4)2 SO4

Calculate the mass of ammonium sulphate produced when an excess ammonia gas is passed into 100 cm3 of 2.0 mol dm-3 of aqueous sulphuric acid solution. [Molar mass of ammonium sulphate = 132 g mol-1]
Hitung jisim ammonium sulfat dihasilkan apabila gas ammonia berlebihan dialirkan ke dalam 100 cm3 asid sulfurik 2.0 mol dm-3. [Jisim molekul relatif ammonium sulfat = 132 g mol-1]

[3 marks] [3 markah]

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(c)

“Pure aluminium rod is malleable while duralumin which is made of 95% aluminium and 5% copper is not”. Explain how the difference in the composition contributes to the difference in properties of aluminium and duralumin. “Rod aluminium tulen mudah dibengkokkan tetapi duralumin yang dibuat daripada 95%
aluminium dan 5% kuprum sukar dibengkokkan” Terangkan bagaimana perbezaan komposisi membezakan sifat aluminium dan duralumin.

[5 marks]
[5 markah]

(d)

The equation below shows the ionization of a sodium soap molecule in water.
Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan pengionan molekul sabun natrium di dalam air.

Soap becomes less effective when the cleaning is carried out in acidic water. Explain.
Sabun menjadi kurang berkesan apabila pencucian menggunakan air berasid. Terangkan.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(e)

Amphicillin is an antibiotic. Patients are advised to finish the whole course of antibiotic prescribed even though he/she has recovered from the sickness. Explain.
Ampisilin adalah antibiotik. Pesakit dinasihatkan untuk menghabiskan ubat tersebut walaupun penyakitnya sudah sembuh. Terangkan.

[3 marks]
[3 markah]

(f)

The structural formula of aspirin is shown below.
Formula struktur aspirin ditunjukkan di bawah.

Explain why aspirin is not advisable to be prescribed to patient with gastric problem.
Terangkan mengapa aspirin tidak digalakkan kepada pesakit yang mengalami penyakit gastrik.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

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Section C
Bahagian C

[20 marks] [20 markah] Answer any one question from this section
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan.daripada bahagian ini.

9

(a)

Tin (stanum) is used to electroplate food can in industries. Explain why food in a dented can should not be consumed.
Stanum digunakan untuk menyadur tin makanan dalam industri. Terangkan mengapa makanan dalam tin yang kemek tidak boleh dimakan.

[4 marks]
[4 markah]

(b)

Diagram 9 shows two electrolytic cells using different electrodes.
Rajah 9 menunjukkan dua sel elektrolisis menggunakan elektrod berbeza.

Cell I
Sel 1

Cell II
Sel II

Diagram 9.1
Rajah 9.1

Compare and contrast Cell I and Cell II. Your answer should include observation and half equation for the reaction at both electrodes.
Bandingbezakan Sel I dan Sel II. Jawapan anda mesti mengandungi pemerhatian dan setengah persamaan bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di kedua-dua elektrod .

[6 marks]
[6 markah]

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The displacement of iodine, I2 from potassium iodide, KI solution is a redox reaction
Penyesaran iodin,I2 daripada larutan kalium iodida, KI adalah tindak balas redoks

(c)

Based on the above statement, describe an experiment to verify the reaction that occured is a redox reaction.
Berdasarkan kenyataan di atas, huraikan satu eksperimen untuk membuktikan tindak balas yang berlaku merupakan tindak balas redoks.

In your description, include
Penerangan anda mestilah mengandungi

Procedure
Prosedur

Confirmatory test
Ujian pengesahan

Explanation on oxidation and reduction processes
Penerangan tentang proses pengoksidaan dan penurunan

Ionic equation
Persamaan ion

[10 marks]
[10 markah]

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10

(a)

Methanoic acid is used in rubber industries to coagulate latex. It reacts with magnesium according to the following equation:
Asid metanoik digunakan dalam industri getah untuk membekukan lateks. Asid ini bertindak balas dengan magnesium mengikut persamaan berikut:

2 HCOOH + Mg → (HCOO)2Mg + H2
[Relative Atomic Mass: C=12; O=16; H=1; molar volume of gas at room temperature and pressure is 24 dm3 mol-1 ] [Jisim atom relatif: C;12, O;16, H;1. isipadu molar sebarang gas pada suhu dan tekanan
bilik adalah 24 dm3 mol-1]

(i)

Calculate the maximum volume of hydrogen gas released if 50 cm3 of 0.2 mol dm-3 methanoic acid is reacted with 5 g magnesium.
Hitung isipadu maksima gas hidrogen yang terbebas jika 50 cm3 asid metanoik 0.2 mol dm-3 bertindak balas dengan 5 g serbuk magnesium. [3 marks] [3 markah]

(ii)

A sweet smelling substance is formed when methanoic acid is reacted with ethanol, C2H5OH. Name the substance and draw the structural formula.
Apabila asid metanoik bertindak balas dengan etanol, C2H5OH ester. Namakan dan lukis formula struktur ester tersebut membentuk

[2 marks] [2 markah]

(b)

Natural rubber is obtained from rubber tree as shown in Diagram 10.1. Aeroplane tyres as shown in Diagram 10.2 are produced by vulcanizing the natural rubber. Compare the following properties between natural rubber and vulcanized rubber  Elasticity  Heat resistance Explain the differences
Getah asli diperolehi dari pokok getah seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 10.1. Tayar kapalterbang seperti dalam Rajah 10.2 dihasilkan melalui penvukanan getah asli. Bandingkan sifat berikut antara getah asli dan getah tervulkan. Kekenyalan Tahan haba Terangkan perbezaan tersebut. [5 marks] [5 markah]

Diagram 10.1
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(c)

Alcohol can undergo dehydration process as follows:
Alkohol boleh mengalami proses pendehidratan seperti berikut:

Alcohol
Alkohol

Hydrocarbon
Hidrokarbon

Describe a laboratory experiment to carry out the dehydration of a named alcohol.
Huraikan satu eksperimen untuk menjalankan proses pendehidratan bagi satu alkohol yang dinamakan.

Your answer should include:
Jawapan anda mesti mengandungi:

Procedure
Prosedur

Equation
Persamaan

Confirmation of product
Pengesahan hasil

[10 marks]
[10 markah]

END OF QUESTION PAPER
KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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SPACE FOR YOUR ANSWERS / RUANG JAWAPAN ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..…….. ………………………………………………………………………………………..……..
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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON

1.

This question paper consists of three sections: Section A, Section B and Section C.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi tiga bahagian: Bahagian A, Bahagian B dan Bahagian C..

2.

Answer all questions in Section A. Write your answers for Section A in the spaces provided in the question paper.
Jawab semua soalan dalam Bahagian A. Tuliskan jawapan bagi Bahagian A dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan.

3.

Answer one question from Section B and one question from Section C. Write your answers for Section B and Section C on the lined pages at the end of the question paper. Answer questions in Section B and Section C in detail. You may use equations, diagrams, tables, graphs and other suitable methods to explain your answer.
Jawap satu soalan daripada Bahagian B dan satu soalan daripada Bahagian C. Tuliskan jawapan bagi Bahagian B dan Bahagian C pada halaman bergaris di bahagian akhir kertas soalan ini. Jawab Bahagian B dan Bahagian C dengan terperinci. Anda boleh menggunakan persamaan, gambar rajah, jadual, graf dan cara lain yang sesuai untuk menjelaskan jawapan anda..

4. 5. 6. 7.

Show your working, it may help you to get marks.
Tunjukkan kerja mengira, ini membantu anda mendapatkan markah.

If you wish to cancel any answer, neatly cross out the answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak membatalkan sesuatu jawapan, buat garisan di atas jawapan itu.

The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.

Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets.
Markah yang diperuntukkan kurungan. bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam

8.

The time suggested to complete Section A is 90 minutes, Section B is 30 minutes and Section C is 30 minutes
Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 90 minit, Bahagian B ialah 30 minit dan Bahagian C ialah 30 minit.

9. 10.

You may use a non – programmable scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan.

Hand in all your answer sheets at the end of the examination.
Serahkan semua kertas jawapan anda di akhir peperiksaan.

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Name : …….……………………………………...…….…

Class : ……………..

CONFIDENTIAL 4541/3 Chemistry Paper 3 September 2008 1½ hours

MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA TRIAL EXAMINATION 2008
CHEMISTRY
Paper 3 One hour and thirty minutes

DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO

For Examiner’s Use 1. Write down your name and class in the space provided
Tuliskan nama dan kelas anda pada ruang yang disediakan.

Question 1 2

Full Mark 33 17 50

Mark

2.

The question booklet is bilingual.
Buku soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.

3.

Candidates are required to read the information at the back page of the question booklet.
Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

Total

This question booklet contains 10 printed pages including the front page. [See Next Page 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA

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1

An experiment was conducted to determine the position of different metals in Electrochemical Series. Diagram 1.1 shows the set-up of apparatus used and copper is the positive terminal in all experiment.
Satu eksperimen dijalankan untuk menentukan kedudukan logam berbeza dalam Siri Elektrokimia. Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan dan kuprum adalah terminal positif dalam semua eksperimen.

0.5 mol dm-3 copper(II) sulphate
kuprum sulfat

Porous pot
Pasu berliang

Magnesium 0.5 mol dm-3 magnesium sulphate
magnesium sulfat

Copper
Kuprum

Diagram 1.1
Rajah 1.1

Experiment is repeated using different pairs of metals. Diagram 1.2 shows the voltmeter reading for all experiments.
Eksperimen diulangi menggunakan pasangan logam berbeza. Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan bacaan voltmeter bagi semua eksperimen.

Mg / Cu

Fe / Cu

Reading:.......................... V
Bacaan:

Reading:.......................... V
Bacaan:

Zn / Cu

Pb / Cu

1(a) Reading:.......................... V
Bacaan:

Reading:.......................... V
Bacaan:

Diagram 1.2
Rajah 1.2

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For Examiner’s Use

(a) (b)

Record the voltmeter readings in the spaces provided.
Catatkan bacaan voltmeter pada ruang yang disediakan.

Construct a table and record the potential difference for each experiment.
Bina sebuah jadual untuk menunjukkan beza keupayaan bagi setiap eksperimen .

1(b)

(c)

Complete the Table 1.1 based on the experiment
Lengkapkan Jadual 1.1 berdasarkan eksperimen itu.

The way to manipulate variable:
Cara mengubah pembolehubah dimanipulasikan:

What to observe in the responding variable:
Apa yang diperhatikan dalam pembolehubah bergerakbalas

The way to maintain the controlled variable:
Cara menetapkan pembolehubah dimalar.

1(c)

Table 1.1
Jadual 1.1

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(d)

State the hypothesis for this experiment.
Nyatakan hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini

1(d)

........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ (e) Cell in Diagram 1.1 is left for 5 minutes. Complete the following Table by stating the observations and related inferences in the experiment.
Sel dalam Rajah 1.1 dibiarkan selama 5 minit. Lengkapkan Jadual berikut dengan menyatakan pemerhatian dan inferens yang berkaitan dalam eksperimen tersebut.

Observations
Pemerhatian

Inferences
Inferens

1(e)

(f)

Based on the observations, arrange all the metals in ascending order of their electropositivity
Berdasarkan pemerhatian, susun kesemua logam itu mengikut tertib menaik keelektropositifan

1(f)

........................................................................................................................ (g) Based on the cell in Diagram 1.1, classify the ions present in both solutions into cations and anions.
Berdasarkan sel dalam Rajah 1.1 kelaskan ion-ion yang terdapat dalam kedua-dua larutan kepada kation dan anion.

1(g)

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(h)

State the operational definition of a chemical cell.
Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi sel kimia

........................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................ (i) A potential difference of 1.5 V is observed when the experiment is repeated by using an unknown metal, R and copper. Predict the position of metal R in the Electrochemical Series.
Beza keupayaan sebanyak 1.5 V dihasilkan apabila eksperimen diulangi menggunakan suatu logam yang tidak diketahui , R dan kuprum. Ramalkan kedudukan logam R dalam Siri Elektrokimia.

1(h)

1(i) ........................................................................................................................ (j) If cell using Zn/Cu is left for 2 hours, state the colour change of copper(II) sulphate solution.
Sekiranya sel menggunakan Zn/Cu dibiarkan selama 2 jam, nyatakan perubahan warna larutan kuprum(II) sulfat.

........................................................................................................................

1(j)

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CONFIDENTIAL 2 Diagram 2.1 shows two types of bonfire using sticks and logs.
Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan 2 jenis unggun api menggunakan ranting kayu dan batang kayu.

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During camping, a group of students discovered that it is easier to start a bonfire using sticks rather than logs. This is due to the differences in the size
Semasa berkhemah, sekumpulan pelajar telah mendapati bahawa lebih senang untuk menghidupkan unggun api menggunakan ranting kayu berbanding batang kayu. Ini disebabkan oleh perbezaan saiz.

Bonfire using sticks
Unggun api menggunakan ranting

Bonfire using logs
Unggun api menggunakan batang kayu

Diagram 2.1
Rajah 2.1

Referring to the above situation, plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the effect of size of reactant on the rate of reaction between calcium carbonate and an acid.
Merujuk kepada situasi di atas, rancangkan satu eksperimen dalam makmal untuk mengkaji kesan saiz bahan tindak balas terhadap kadar tindak balas antara kalsium karbonat dengan asid.

Your planning should include the following:
Perancangan anda haruslah mengandungi perkara-perkara berikut :

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi)

Statement of Problem
Pernyataan masalah

All the variables
Semua pembolehubah

Statement of hypothesis
Pernyataan hipotesis

List of substances and apparatus
Senarai bahan dan alat radas

Procedure of the experiment
Prosedur eksperimen

Tabulation of data
Penjadualan data

[17 marks] END OF QUESTION PAPER
[Kertas Soalan Tamat]

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CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON 1. 2. 3. This question paper consists of two questions. Answer all questions.
Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua soalan. Jawab semua soalan

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Write your answers for Question 1 in the spaces provided in the question paper.
Tuliskan jawapan bagi Soalan 1 dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan.

Write your answers for Question 2 on the lined pages at the end of the question paper in detail.
Tuliskan jawapan bagi Soalan 2 pada halaman bergaris di bahagian akhir kertas soalan ini dengan terperinci

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Show your working, it may help you to get marks.
Tunjukkan cara mengira kerana ia boleh membantu anda mendapatkan markah.

If you wish to cancel any answer, neatly cross out the answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak membatalkan sesuatu jawapan, buat garisan di atas jawapan itu.

The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang terdapat dalam soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan sebaliknya

Marks allocated for each question or part of the question are shown in brackets.
Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam kurungan.

The time suggested to complete Question 1 is 45 minutes and Question 2 is 45 minutes.
Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Soalan 1 ialah 45 minit dan Soalan 2 ialah 45 minit.

9. 10.

You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.
Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak diprogramkan.

Hand in all your answer sheets at the end of the examination.
Serahkan semua kertas jawapan anda di akhir peperiksaan.

Marks awarded
Pemberian markah

Score Skor
3 2 1 0

Description Penerangan Excellent : The best response
Cemerlang : Respons yang paling baik

Satisfactory : An average response
Memuaskan : Respons yang sederhana

Weak : An inaccurate response
Lemah : Respons yang kurang tepat

No response or wrong response
Tiada respons atau respons yang salah

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