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Chapter 2

2-1

2-1

NAME

______________________________________________

DATE

____________

PERIOD _____

Integers and Absolute Value (Pages 56–61)

An integer is a number that is a whole number of units from zero on the number line.

Integers to the left of zero are less than zero. They are negative.

negative positive –5 –4 –3 –2 –1 0 1 2 3 4 5
negative
positive
–5
–4
–3
–2
–1
0
1
2
3
4
5

Zero is neither negative nor positive.

Integers to the right of

zero are greater than zero. They are positive.

The number that corresponds to a point on the number line is the coordinate of the point. The absolute value of a number is the distance the number is from zero. Two vertical bars are used to indicate the absolute value of a number. For example, 4 4 and 4 4.

Examples

Examples

a. Graph {0, 2, 4} on the number line.

Find the point for each number on the number line and draw a dot.

Chapter 2 2-1 2-1 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ Integers and Absolute Value (Pages 56–61)
Chapter 2 2-1 2-1 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ Integers and Absolute Value (Pages 56–61)
Chapter 2 2-1 2-1 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ Integers and Absolute Value (Pages 56–61)
Chapter 2 2-1 2-1 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ Integers and Absolute Value (Pages 56–61)
Chapter 2 2-1 2-1 NAME ______________________________________________ DATE ____________ PERIOD _____ Integers and Absolute Value (Pages 56–61)

–3

–2

–1

0

1

2

3

4

5

b. Simplify 2 4 .

2 4 2 4 6

The absolute value of 2 is 2 and the absolute value of 4 is 4.

Try These Together

Graph each set of numbers on a number line.

  • 1. {1, 1, 3}

2.

{5, 7, 3, 2}

3.

{4, 2, 2, 4}

HINT: Locate each point on the number line and draw a dot.

4.

{2, 3, 4, 3}

Practice

Practice

Write an integer for each situation.

  • 5. a loss of $7

6. a distance of 50 meters

7. 35 minutes left in class

Simplify.

  • 8. 8

12

9.

 

10.

15 8

11.

12 2

12.

0 3

13.

5 2

14.

9 3

15.

1

16.

4 3

17.

6 7

18.

8 3

19.

14 8

Evaluate each expression if a 4, b 3 and c 2.

 

20.

c b

21.

a b 3

22.

b c

23.

a

c

24.

Standardized Test Practice

An elevator went down 10 floors. What integer

 

describes the trip the elevator made?

 

A

20

B

10

C

10

D

20

 

24. C

23. 8

22. 1

21. 4

20. 5

19. 6

18. 5

17. 13

16. 7

1

15.

14. 12

13. 3

12. 3

11. 14

10. 7

9. 8

7. 35

8. 12

6. 50

7

1–4. See Answer Key.

Answers:

5.

© Glencoe/McGraw-Hill

9

Glencoe Pre-Algebra