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LAPORAN KERJA PRAKTEK

LAPORAN KERJA PRAKTEK

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LAPORAN KERJA PRAKTEK

MINI-LINK DENGAN SISTEM TRANSMISI PDH
(PLESIOCHRONOUS DIGITAL HIERARCHY)
DI
PT. TELKOMSEL DIVISI NETWORK OPERATION REGIONAL V
JATENG - DIY
DISUSUN OLEH:
CHITRA CHANTIKA
07/25!!5/NT/"2#"5
PROGRAM DIPLOMA TEKNIK ELEKTRO
$AKULTAS TEKNIK
UNIVERSITAS GADJAH MADA
YOGYAKARTA
200%
LEM&AR PENGESAHAN
PERUSAHAAN
Laporan Kerja Praktek di PT. Telkomsel Divisi Network Operation Regional V
Jateng–DI ini Diaj!kan "nt!k #elengkapi Pers$aratan Kel!l!san
Program Diploma Teknik %lektro
&ak!ltas Teknik "niversitas 'adja( #ada og$akarta
D'()()* O+,-:
C-'./0 C-0*.'10
07/25!!5/NT/"2#"5
T,+0- 2'3,/'1(0 20* 2'(,.)4)' 5+,-:
M,*6,.0-)'
P,78'78'*6 L030*60*
K,/40 P/01.,1
A/2-' $'/70*.5 N)6/5-5
ii
S39. &SS S,70/0*6
LEM&AR PENGESAHAN
Laporan Kerja Praktek di PT. Telkomsel Divisi Network Operation Regional V
Jateng–DI ini Diaj!kan "nt!k #elengkapi Pers$aratan Kel!l!san
Program Diploma Teknik %lektro
&ak!ltas Teknik "niversitas 'adja( #ada og$akarta
D'()()* O+,-:
C-'./0 C-0*.'10
07/25!!5/NT/"2#"5
T,+0- 2'3,/'1(0 20* 2'(,.)4)' 5+,-:
M,*6,.0-)'
K,.)0 P/56/07 D5(,* P,78'78'*6
D'3+570 T,1*'1 E+,1./5
I/. L)170* S)8,1.': M.T. I/. S/' L,(.0/': M.T.
iii
NIP: "%72"22!"%%%0!"00" NIP: "%5%0;2;"%;02200"
A&STRAK
)istem transmisi mer!pakan *agian penting di dalam !pa$a men$al!rkan
in+ormasi jarak ja!(. Traffic $ang melewati sistem transmisi *iasan$a mer!pakan
ga*!ngan dari *e*erapa s!m*er, se(ingga intensitas traffic $ang (ar!s diola(
menjadi sangat *esar. Pada awaln$a, sistem transmisi $ang dig!nakan *er*asis
teknologi analog $ang sangat rawan ter(adap inter+erensi. Kem!n-!lan teknologi
digital menawarkan *an$ak kele*i(an di*andingkan teknologi analog. )eiring
dengan pendigitalan disisi sentral, maka penerapan teknologi digital pada sistem
transmisi tidak dapat di(indarkan. Di sisi lain, in+ormasi $ang *erasal dari s!m*er
p!n semakin memiliki ke-ender!ngan s!da( dalam *ent!k digital seperti
misaln$a in+ormasi m!ltimedia. "nt!k it! dalam laporan ini akan di*a(as
mengenai sistem transmisi digital, k(!s!sn$a teknologi PD..
iv
KATA PENGANTAR
P!ji s$!k!r ke(adirat /lla( )0T. ang tela( melimpa(kan ra(mat dan
an!gera(1N$a, se(ingga pen!lis dapat men$elesaikan t!gas Kerja Praktek di PT.
Telkomsel )emarang serta dapat men$!s!n laporan dari (asil kerja praktek
terse*!t. Laporan ini mer!pakan *ent!k pertangg!ngjawa*an ma(asiswa ter(adap
per!sa(aan2instansi $ang dig!nakan se*agai tempat kerja praktek dan ter(adap
Program Diploma Teknik %lektro &ak!ltas Teknik "niversitas 'adja( #ada $ang
tela( mem*eri t!gas kerja praktek.
Dalam pelaksanaan kerja praktek terse*!t, pen!lis tela( *an$ak di*ant!
ole( *er*agai pi(ak dari awal pelaksanaan sampai ak(ir program kerja praktek.
Ole( karena it! pada kesempatan ini, dengan segala kerenda(an (ati pen!lis
*ermaks!d meng!-apkan rasa terima kasi( kepada3
4. 5apak Ir. L!kman )!*ekti, #.T, selak! Ket!a Program Diploma III
Teknik %lektro &ak!ltas Teknik "niversitas 'adja( #ada.
6. I*! Ir. )ri Lestari, #.T, selak! dosen pem*im*ing dalam pen!lisan
Laporan Kerja Praktek.
7. 5apak 8(air!ddin, selak! 'eneral #anager, PT. T%LKO#)%L Divisi
Network Operation Regional V Jateng 9 DI.
:. 5apak Pra*owo, selak! #anager Network Operation PT.
T%LKO#)%L Divisi Network Operation Regional V )emarang.
;. 5apak /rd(i &irmanto N!gro(o, selak! )!pervisor 5)), serta se*agai
v
pem*im*ing Kerja Praktek di PT. T%LKO#)%L Divisi Network
Operation Regional V )emarang.
<. #as Il(am, #as Didik, #as /ndi, #*ak Novita, #*ak Nia, #*ak
eni, dan sel!r!( sta+ serta kar$awan PT. T%LKO#)%L Divisi
Network Operation Regional V )emarang.
=. )eseorang $ang spesial $ang selal! mend!k!ng, mem*ant! 9
men$a$angik!.
>. &iska Jelita P!spitasari selak! teman sekelompok pada kerja praktek.
?. Teman1teman dari "K)0, #edi 9 o(annes.
4@. Teman1teman L8 DA@= $ang selal! mem*erikan d!k!ngann$a.
44. Joglo semar $ang menjadi media transportasi Jogja1)emarang.
46. )em!a pi(ak $ang tidak kami se*!tkan sat! per sat! $ang tela( *an$ak
mem*ant! se(ingga laporan kerja praktek ini dapat terselesaikan.
Pen!lis sadar *a(wa Laporan Kerja Praktek ini masi( ja!( dari semp!rna,
se(ingga pen!lis meng(arapkan mas!kan, kritik, dan saran $ang *ersi+at
mem*ang!n. )emoga Laporan Kerja Praktek ini dapat *erman+aat *agi pen!lis
dan pem*a-a pada !m!mn$a.
og$akarta, Novem*er 6@@?
Pen!lis
vi

DA$TAR ISI
./L/#/N J"D"L........................................................................................... i
./L/#/N P%N'%)/./N P%R")/.//N ................................................ ii
./L/#/N P%N'%)/./N............................................................................. iii
/5)TR/K........................................................................................................... iv
K/T/ P%N'/NT/R.......................................................................................... v
D/&T/R I)I........................................................................................................ vii
D/&T/R '/#5/R........................................................................................... Bi
5/5 I P%ND/."L"/N
4.4 Latar 5elakang.............................................................................. 4
4.6 T!j!an dan #an+aat...................................................................... 6
4.7 Tempat dan 0akt! Pelaksanaan.................................................... 6
4.: #etode Peng!mp!lan Data........................................................... 6
4.; Pem*atasan #asala(..................................................................... 7
4.< )istematika Pen!lisan................................................................... 7
5/5 II PRO&IL P%R")/.//N
6.4 )ejara( dan Perkem*angan PT. T%LKO#)%L............................ <
6.6 Visi dan #isi Telkomsel............................................................... >
6.7 Pela$anan PT. T%LKO#)%L....................................................... ?
6.: )logan dan Ke!ngg!lan PT. T%LKO#)%L................................. 44
6.:.4.....................................................)logan Telkomsel
vii
44
6.:.6............................................Ke!ngg!lan Telkomsel
46
6.; Lokasi Kerja PT. T%LKO#)%L................................................... 46
6.< Logo PT. T%LKO#)%L............................................................... 4:
6.= Keamanan $ang diterapkan pada Per!sa(aan............................... 4;
6.> )tr!kt!r Organisasi Per!sa(aan.................................................... 4<
6.>.4 'eneral #anager................................................................ 4<
6.>.6 Divisi )ales and 8!stomer )ervi-e C)8)D......................... 4<
6.>.6.4 #arketing and )ale )!* Departement..... 4<
6.>.6.6 8!stomer )ervi-e )!* Departement........ 4>
6.>.6.7 'eneral /++air )!* Departement............. 4?
6.>.6.: 8orporate /--o!nt #anagement and
5!siness
Retail 'ro!p )!* Departement.............................. 6@
6.>.6.; &inan-e )!* Departement........................ 64
6.>.7 Divisi Network Operation CNOD EEEEEEEEEE 66
6.>.7.4 Network Operation Departement............. 66
6.>.7.4.4 )!* Departement IT............................... 66
6.>.7.6 )ervi-e F!alit$ /ss!ran-e Departement
C)F/D ..............................................................67
6.>.: Proje-t Departement........................................................... 67
6.? )tr!kt!r Organisasi PT. Telkomsel Divisi NO Regional V
viii
Jateng 9 DI............................................................................... 6:
6.4@ Lokasi Per!sa(aan....................................................................... 6:
5/5 III 'LO5/L ))T%# +or #O5IL% 8O##"NI8/TION C')#D
7.4 )ejara( dan Perkem*angan ')#................................................. 6<
7.4.4 %vol!si Teknologi Kom!nikasi .EEEEEEEEEE..............................6>
7.4.4.4 'enerasi pertama C4'D 6>
7.4.4.6 'enerasi ked!a C6'D 6?
7.4.4.7 'enerasi ketiga C7'D 7@
7.4.4.: 'enerasi keempat C:'D 74
7.6 Prinsip Dasar )istem ')#........................................................... 74
7.6.4 5ase )tation )!*s$stem C5))D.......................................... 7:
7.6.4.4 TR/" CTransmission Rate /daption "nitD......................................................... 7;
7.6.4.6 5)8 C5ase )tation 8ontrollerD ..............................................................7;
7.6.4.7 5T) C5ase Trans-eiver )tationD ..............................................................7;
7.6.4.7.4 Topologi Rantai 7<
7.6.4.7.6 Topologi 5intang 7<
7.6.4.7.7 Topologi Po(on 7=
7.6.4.7.: Topologi 8in-in 7>
7.6.6 )wi-t( )!*s$stem )tation.................................................. 7?
7.6.6.4 #)8 C#o*ile )wit-(ing 8entreD............. 7?
7.6.6.6 %IR C%G!ipment Identit$ RegisterD.......... :@
7.6.6.7 /!t(enti-ation 8entre C/!8D................... :@
7.6.6.: .LR C.ome Lo-ation RegisterD............... :@
iB
7.6.6.; VLR CVisitor Lo-ation RegisterD............. :4
7.6.7 Network #anagement )$stem........................................... :6
7.6.: #o*ile )tation C#)D.......................................................... :7
7.6.:.4 #% C#o*ile %G!ipmentD.......................... :7
7.6.:.6 )I# C)!*s-ri*er Identit$ #od!leD .......... ::
7.7 Ke!nt!ngan )istem ')#............................................................. :<
5/5 IV )I)T%# TR/N)#I)I PD. CPlesio-(rono!s Digital .ierar-($D
:.4 #!ltipleBing................................................................................. :>
:.4.4. &re-!en-$ Division #!ltipleBing /--ess C&D#/D
:?
:.4.6.........Time Division #!ltipleBing /--ess CTD#/D
;@
:.4.7.........8ode Division #!ltipleBing /--ess C8D#/D
;@
:.6 P8# CP!lse 8ode #!ltipleBingD................................................. ;4
:.6.4....................................................................P8# 7@
;4
:.6.6....................................................................P8# 6:
;6
:.7 Plesio-(rono!s Digital .ierar-($................................................. ;7
:.7.4.......................................................Pengertian PD.
;7
B
:.7.6.......................................................Pengertian )D.
;=
:.7.7...................................Per*andingan )D. dan PD.
;>
:.: #INI1LINK................................................................................... <@
:.:.4..........................................#INI1LINK "nit Indoor
<7
:.:.4.4 /## C/--ess #od!le #gaHineD ..............................................................<7
:.:.4.6 Pl!g1In !nit <:
:.:.6.......................................#INI1LINK "nit O!tdoor
<=
:.:.6.4 R/" CRadio "nitD <=
:.:.6.6 /ntena <?
5/5 V P%N"T"P............................................................................................ =4
D/&T/R P")T/K/........................................................................................... =7
Bi
DA$TAR GAM&AR
'am*ar 6.4 Logo Telkomsel............................................................................ 4:
'am*ar 6.6 )tr!kt!r Organisasi PT. Telkomsel Divisi Network Operation
Regional V Jateng1DI................................................................ 6:
'am*ar 6.7 Dena( Lokasi PT. Telkomsel Divisi Network Operation
Regional V Jateng1DI................................................................ 6;
'am*ar 7.4 5lok diagram dari arsitekt!r sistem ')#................................... 77
'am*ar 7.6 Variasi Inter+a-e $ang dig!nakan dalam ')#............................ 77
'am*ar 7.7 5ase station )!*1s$stem.............................................................. 7:
'am*ar 7.: Topologi Rantai CMulti Drop ChainD........................................... 7<
'am*ar 7.; Topologi 5intang CStarD............................................................... 7=
'am*ar 7.< Topologi Po(on CTreeD................................................................. 7>
'am*ar 7.= Topologi 8in-in CRingD................................................................ 7?
'am*ar 7.> Visitor Lo-ation Register CVLRD.................................................. :4
'am*ar 7.? &ormat penomoran I#%I............................................................. ::
'am*ar 7.4@ &ormat penomoran I#)I.............................................................. :;
'am*ar :.4 #!ltipleBing................................................................................. :?
'am*ar :.6 &rame P8# 7@............................................................................. ;6
'am*ar :.7 &rame P8# 6:............................................................................. ;7
'am*ar :.: &rame P8#.................................................................................. ;:
'am*ar :.; )tr!kt!r #!ltipleBing PD........................................................... ;;
'am*ar :.< Tiga Tipe PD.............................................................................. ;<
Bii
'am*ar :.= #!ltipleBing dan Dem!lpleBing ke dan dari PD....................... ;<
'am*ar :.> Per*andingan Ke-epatan PD. CkiriD dan )D. CkananD.............. ;?
'am*ar :.? #INI1LINK % Terminal............................................................... <@
'am*ar :.4@ Jarak /man Radiasi...................................................................... <6
'am*ar :.44 Komponen Indoor dan O!tdoor................................................... <6
'am*ar :.46 /##............................................................................................ <7
'am*ar :.47 ##" 6B6 – 7:I6........................................................................ <;
'am*ar :.4: )#" 4<B6.................................................................................... <<
'am*ar :.4; O!tdor "nit.................................................................................. <=
'am*ar :.4< R/"4 dan R/"6......................................................................... <>
'am*ar :.4= R/"4 dan R/"6 Dipasang dengan /ntena................................ <?
Biii

Telkomsel Divisi Network Operation Regional V Jateng–DIY ini Diajukan Untuk Melengkapi Persyaratan Kelulusan Program Diploma Teknik Elektro Fakultas Teknik Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta Disusun Oleh: Chitra Chantika 07/256335/NT/12415 Telah diperiksa dan disetujui oleh: Mengetahui Pembimbing Lapangan Kerja Praktek Ardhi Firmanto Nugroho ii .2009 LEMBAR PENGESAHAN PERUSAHAAN Laporan Kerja Praktek di PT.

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