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SULIT 4541/1 Chemistry Paper 1 October 2011 1 hours

SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN BUKIT JALOR PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR TAHUN 2011 ________________________________________________________________
CHEMISTRY FORM 4 PAPER 1 One Hour and Fifteen Minutes

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JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU 1. This question paper consist 60 questions. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 60 soalan. 2. Answer all questions. Mark your answer in OMR paper. Jawab semua soalan. Tanda jawapan anda dalam kertas OMR. 3. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan.

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Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 12 halaman bercetak.

Disediakan Oleh,

Disahkan Oleh,

(Badariah Bt. Rosli) Guru Matapelajaran

(Pn. Azizah Bt. Tamby Ahmad) Ketua Bidang Sains & Matematik

Each question is followed by four alternative answers, A, B, C or D. For each question, choose one answer only. Tiap-tiap soalan diikuti oleh empat pilihan jawapan, A, B, C atau D. Bagi setiap soalan, pilih satu jawapan sahaja.

1. Which of the following is the correct sequence of scientific methods? Manakah antara berikut merupakan urutan kaedah saintifik yang betul? A. interpreting data collecting data making conclusions identifying problem mentafsir data mengumpul maklumat membuat kesimpulan menegnal pasti masalah B. making observation making inference identifying variables making hypothesis membuat pemerhatian membuat inferens mengenal pasti pemboleh ubah membuat hipotesis C. making hypothesis carry out the experiment making conclusion making inference membuat hipotesis menjalankan eksperimen membuat kesimpulan membuat inferens D. carry out the experiment making hypothesis interpreting data making inference menjalankan eksperimen mambuat hipotesis mentafsir data membuat inferens

Who was the scientist who proposed the above statement? siapakah saintis yang mencadangkan pernyataan di atas? A. J. J Thompson B. John Dalton C. James Chadwick D. Ernest Rutherford

3. Table 1 shows the proton number, nucleon number and electron arrangement of element W and Y. jadual 1 menunjukkan nombor proton, nombor nucleon dan susunan electron bagi unsur W dan Y. Element unsur Proton number Nombor proton 17 17 Nucleon number Nombor nucleon 37 35 Electron arrangement Susunan elektron 2.8.7 2.8.7

W Y

Table 1/ Jadual 1

2. The following statements refer to the contributions of a scientist in the development of the atomic structure. Pernyataan di bawah merujuk kepada sumbangan saintis di dalam perkembangan struktur atom. the nucleus of an atom contains protons and neutrons nukleus satu atom mengandungi proton dan neutron. neutron is a neutral subatomic particle.. neutron adalah zarah subatom yang neutral

From table 1, what can be concluded about Y atom? Daripada Jadual 1, apakah kesimpulan yang boleh dibuat tentang atom Y? A. Y atom is an isomer of W atom atom Y adalah isomer kepada atom W B. Y atom is an isotope of W atom atom Y adalah isotop kepada atom W C. Y is a cation for W atom. Y adalah kation kepada atom W D. Y is an anion for W atom Y adalah anion kepada atom W

4. Diagram 1 shows the heating curve of substance X. rajah 1 menunjukkan lengkuk pamanasan bagi bahan X.

Hitung isipadu gas nitrogen dioksida, NO2 pada keadaan bilik jika 0.1 mol garam Cu(NO3)2 dipanaskan? 3 -1 [isipadu molar = 24 dm mol pada suhu bilik] 3 3 A. 0.6 dm C. 1.2 dm B. 2.4 dm
3

D. 4.8 dm

6. Elements in the Periodic Table are arranged according to the .. Unsur-unsur di dalam Jadual Berkala disusun berdasrkan .. A. increasing number of electrons peningkatan bilangan electron At which part of the graph does substance X exist in both liquid and gas state? pada bahagian graf yang manakah bahan X wujud dalam kedua-dua keadaan cecair dan gas? B. decreasing number of neutrons penurunan bilangan neutron C. increasing nucleon number peningkatan nombor nucleon D. increasing proton number peningkatan nombor proton 7. Table 2 shows the elements in Period 3 of the Periodic Table of elements. The elements can react with oxygen to form oxides. Jadual 2 menunjukkan unsur-unsur Kala 3 dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur. Unsur-unsur tersebut bertindak balas dengan oksigen membentuk oksida. Element Unsur Na Mg Al Si P S Cl

5. Potassium atom can be represented by the


symbol of . Which of the following ion has the same number of electrons as in a + potassium ion, K ? Atom Kalium boleh diwakili oleh symbol . antara ion-ion yang berikut, yang manakah mempunyai bilangan atom yang sama dalam + satu ion kalium, K ? Ion Ion 2P 2= Q + R T Proton number Nombor proton 8 12 11 17

Table 2 / Jadual 2 Which of the following element form oxide that can react with both hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide solution? antara berikut unsure manakah membentuk oksida yang boleh bertindak balas dengan asid hidroklorik dan juga natrium hidroksida? 3 A. 0.6 dm C. Si B. Al D. P

A. B. C. D.

5. The equation below shows the decomposition of a copper (II) nitrate salt. Persamaan berikut menunjukkan penguraian garam kuprum (II) nitrat. 2Cu(NO3)2 2CuO + 4 NO2 + O2 Calculate the volume of nitrogen dioxide, NO2 gas at room condition. If 0.1 mol of Cu(NO3)2 salt is heated. 3 -1 [Molar volume = 24 dm mol at room conditions]

8. Which of the following salt is soluble in water? Manakah antara garam berikutlarut dam air? A. Iron (II) sulphate Ferum (II) sulfat B. Silver chloride Argentum klorida C. Calcium carbonate Kalsium karbonat D. Lead (II) bromide Plumbum (II) bromide

9. Which of the following statement explains why the reactivity of the alkali metals increases when going down Group 1 in the Periodic Table? Pernyataan yang menakah menjelaskan mengapa reaktiviti logam alkali meningkat apabila menuruni Kumpulan 1 di dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur? A. The number of proton increase Bilangan proton meningkat B. The electronegativity of the atom decreases Keelektronegatifan atom berkurangan C. The number of shells filled with electron increase Bilangan petala berisi electron bertambah D. The nuclei attraction towards valence electron become weaker Daya tarikan nukleus terhadap electron valens semakin lemah

12. Which of the following is a strong diprotic acid? Manakah antara berikut adalah asid kuat dwibes? A. HCl C. H2SO4 B. H2CO3 D. CH3COOH

13. Diagram 3 shows the electron arrangement for the compound formed between M and N atoms. Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi sebatian yang terbentuk diantara atom M dan N.

Diagram 3 / Rajah 3 Which of the following is not true about the compound? Antara yang berikut manakah tidak benar tentang sebatian tersebut? A. The compound dissolves in water. Sebatian tersebut larut di dalam air. B. The compound has high melting point. Sebatian tersebut mempunyai takat lebur yang tinggi. C. The compound cannot conduct electricity in all states. Sebatian tersebut tidak dapat mengalirkan elektrik dalam semua keadaan. D. The compound is not vapourised at room temperature. Sebatian tersebut tidak meruap pada suhu bilik.

10. Which of the following is the ionic compound? antara berikut yang manakah sebatian ion? A. Butane C. Calcium oxide Butana Kalsium oksida B. Glucose Glukosa D. Silicon dioxide Silikon dioksida

11. Diagram 2 shows the position of element of T and U in the Periodic Table. Rajah 2 menunjukkan kedudukan unsure T dan U di dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur.

Diagram 2 / Rajah 2 Which of the following is the formula of compound formed when T element reacts with U element? Manakah antara berikut merupakan formula kimia bagi sebatian yang terbentuk apabila unsure T bertindak balas dengan unsure U? A. TU2 C. T2U3 B. T2U D. T3U2

14. Which of the chemical equation is balanced? Antara persamaan kimia berikut, yang manakah seimbang? A. Mg + O2 MgO B. Li + O2 C. Mg + HCl Li2O MgCl2 + H2

D. Zn + H2SO4 ZnSO4 + H2

15. Diagram 4 shows the set-up of the apparatus for electrolysis. Rajah 4 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk elektrolisis.

A. The copper plate acts as the positive terminal. Plat kuprum bertindak sebagai terminal positif. B. The salts bridge acts as a medium for transferring of electrons. Titian garam bertindak sebagai perantaraan untuk pemindahan electron. C. The electrons flow from copper plate to the lead plate through external circuit. Elektron mengalir dari plat kuprum ke plat plumbum melalui litar luar. D. The concentration of the Cu ions in the Copper (II) sulphate solution remains unchanged. 2+ Kepekatan ion Cu dalam larutan Kuprum (II) sulfat tidak berubah.
2+

Diagram 4 / Rajah 4 Which of the following compound can be used as an electrolyte? Antara sebatian berikut yang manakah boleh digunakan sebagai elektrolit? A. Ammonia solution Larutan ammonia B. Glucose solution Larutan glukosa C. Naphthalene Naftalena D. Solid lead (II) sulphate Pepejal plumbum (II) sulfat

17. Why is ammonia considered as an alkali? Mengapakah ammonia diambilkira sebagai suatu alkali? A. it contains hydroxide ions. Ia mengandungi ion hidroksida. B. it ionises in water to produce salt and water. Ia mengion di dalam air menghasilkan garam dan air. C. it ionises in water to produce hydroxonium ion. Ia mengion di dalam air menghasilkan ion hidroksonium. D. it ionies in water to produce hydroxide ions. Ia menion di dalam air menghasilkan ion hidroksida.
3

16. Diagram 5 shows a chemical cell using a lead plate and a copper plate as the electrodes. Rajah 5 menunjukkan sel kimia yang menggunakan plat plumbum dan plat kuprum sebagai elektrod.

Diagram 5 / Rajah 5 Which of the following is true for the chemical cell? Manakah antara berikut benar bagi sel kimia di atas?

18. How many molecules are there in 100 cm of chlorine gas at room conditions? 23 -1 [Avogadros constant = 6.02 X 10 mol ; 3 -1 Molar volume gas = 24 dm mol at room conditions] 3 Berapakah bilangan molekul dalam 100 cm gas klorin pada keadaan bilik? 23 -1 [Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 X 10 mol ; 3 -1 Isipadu molar gas = 24 dm mol at room conditions] 21 21 A. 2.51 X 10 C. 6.02 X 10 B. 2.51 X 10
24

D. 6.02 X 10

25

19. Diagram 6 shows the set-up of apparatus in an acid-base titration. Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas dalam pentitratan asid-base.

Jadual 3 menunjukkan bacaan voltmeter yang diperole apabila eksperimen diulangi dengan menggunakan pasangan logam yang berlainan. Apakah nilai a? Electrode / Elektrod X Copper Kuprum Zinc Zink Iron Ferum Copper Kuprum A. 3.6 B. 2.4 Y Voltmeter reading Bacaan voltmeter (V) 0.8 a 0.2 2.6

Diagram 6/ Rajah 6 In the titration, the initial reading of the burette 3 is 5.00 cm . Which of the following is true? I. The colour changes from pink to colourless at the end point. II. The end point for the titration is 30.00 3 cm . III. The concentration of the sulphuric acid solution used to neutralise potassium -3 hydroxide solution is 0.50 mol dm . IV. The products at the end point are potassium sulphate, water and hydrogen gas. A. I and II only I dan II sahaja B. II and III only II dan III sahaja C. I, II and III only I, II dan III sahaja D. I, II, III and IV I, II, III dan IV

Iron Ferum Magnesium Magnesium Zinc Zink Magnesium Magnesium Table 3 / Jadual 3 C. 1.6 D 1.4

21. The equation below shows the reaction between magnesium and sulphuric acid. Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan tindak balas antara magnesium dan asid sulfurik. Mg(s) + H2SO4(aq) MgSO4(aq) + H2(g) Which of the following statements is true? Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar? [Relative atomic mass of/ Jisim atom relatif H=1; Mg=24; S=32; O=16] A. 1 g of magnesium reacts completely with 1 g of sulphuric acid. 1 g magnesium bertindak balas lengkap dengan 1 g asid sulfurik. B. 1 mol of magnesium reacts completely with 1 mol ion hydrogen. 1 mol magnesium bertindak balas lengkap dengan 1 mol ion hydrogen. C. 24 g of magnesium reacts completely with 98 g of sulphuric acid. 24 g magnesium bertindak balas lengkap dengan 98 g asid sulfurik.

20. Diagram 7 shows the set-up of an apparatus of an experiment which pair of metal, X and Y are used as electrodes. Rajah 7 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu eksperimen di mana pasangan logam X dan Y digunakan sebagai elektrod.

Diagram 7 / Rajah 7 Table 3 shows voltmeter reading obtained when experiment are repeated using different pair of metal. What is the value of a?

D. 2 mol of hydrogen gas are produced when 1 mol of sulphuric acid reacts completely with excess magnesium. 2 mol gas hydrogen dihasilkan apabila 1 mol asid sulfurik bertindak balas lengkap dengan magnesium berlebihan.

22. The equation shows the reaction between sodium chloride solution and silver nitrate solution to produce silver chloride precipitate. Persamaan menunjukkan tindak balas antara larutan natrium klorida dan larutan argentums nitrate untuk menghasilkan mendakan argentums klorida NaCl(aq) + AgNO3(aq) AgCl(s) + NaNO2(aq) 200 cm of 0.1 mol dm sodium chloride reacts completely with excess silver nitrate solution. Calculate the mass of precipitate produced. 3 -3 200 cm , 0.1 mol dm larutan natrium klorida bertindak balas lengkap dengan larutan argentum nitrat berlebihan. [Relative atomic mass/ Jisim atom relatif : Ag=108; Cl=35.5] A. 2.78 g C. 3.78 g B. 2.87 g D. 3.87 g
3 -3

25. X atom is added to molten iron to form an alloy. Which of the following are not the properties of the alloy? Antara perubahan yang berikut, yang manakah benar apabila sesuatu tindak balas berlaku? A. Harder lebih keras B. malleable mulur C. high melting point takat lebur tinggi D. more resistance to rusting lebih tahan terhadap pengaratan

23. Copper (II) chloride salt can be prepared by mixing hydrochloric acid and substance X. What is substance X? A. Copper Kuprum B. Copper (II) nitrate Kuprum (II) nitrate C. Copper (II) carbonate Kuprum (II) karbonat D. Copper (II) sulphate Kuprum (II) sulfat

26. Table 4 shows the volume of hydrogen gas collected at regular time intervals for the reaction between zinc powders with hydrochloric acid. Jadual 4 menunjukkan isipadu gas hydrogen yang dikumpulkan pada sela masa tertentu bagi tindak balas antara serbuk zink dengan asid hidroklorik.
Time/ min Masa Volume of hydrogen gas / cm3 Isipadu gas hidrogen

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

0.00

7.50

14.80 20.40 25.00 30.50

Table 4 / Jadual 4 What is the average rate of reaction between the first minute until the second minute? Apakah kadar tindak balas purata antara minit pertama hingga minit kedua? 3 -1 3 -1 A. 7.50 cm min C. 12.50 cm min B. 10.20 cm min
3 -1

24. Which of the following pairs of elements is correct? Antara pasangan unsure berikut yang manakah betul? Main Element Type of element added alloy Unsur Unsur yang Jenis aloi utama ditambah Copper Zinc Brass A. Kuprum Zink Loyang Copper Iron Bronze B. Kuprum Ferum Gangsa Tin Carbon Pewter C. Stanum Karbon Pewter Iron Tin Steel D. Ferum Stanum keluli

D. 14.80 cm min

-1

28. The molecular formula of magnesium ethanoic is (CH3COO2)Mg. Calculate the relative molecular mass of magnesium ethanoate. [Relative atomic mass; H=1; C=12; O=16; Mg=24] Formula molekul bagi magnesium etanoat ialah (CH3COO2)Mg. Hitungkan jisim molekul relatif bagi magnesium etanoat. [Jisim atom relatif; H=1; C=12; O=16; Mg=24] A. 83 C. 118 B. 107 D. 142

29. Iron is produced when heamatite, Fe2O3 reacts with carbon monoxide as shown in the equation below: Besi dihasilkan apabila hematite, Fe2O3 bertindak balas dengan karbon monoksida seperti persamaan di bawah: Fe2O3 + 3CO 2 Fe + 3CO2 Which changes in oxidation number of the iron, Fe and carbon, C are correct? Perubahan nombor pengoksidaan besi, Fe dan karbon, C yang manakah betul? Iron Besi +2 0 +3 0 +2 +3 +3 +2 Carbon Karbon 0 +2 +2 +4 0 +2 +2 +4

32. Which of the following is the use of carbon-14 isotope? Antara berikut, yang manakah kegunaan isotop karbon-14? A. To treat cancer patient Untuk merawat pesakit kanser B. To estimate the age of fossils Untuk menganggar usia fosil C. To control the thickness of plastic Untuk mengawal ketebalan plastic D. To detect the leakage of underground pipes Untuk mengesan kebocoran paip bawah tanah

A. B. C. D.

33. Diagram 8 shows the change of the state of matter. Rajah 8 menunjukkan perubahan keadaan jirim
Process P prosess P

30. Which of the following characteristics shows that salt is used as food preservative? Antara ciri-ciri berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan bahawa garam digunakan sebagai pengawet makanan? A. presence of chlorine kehadiran klorin B. saltiness rasa masin C. dehydrating property bersifat pengontang D. toxicity bertoksik

Diagram 8 / Rajah 8

What is process P? Apakah proses P? A. Boiling Pendidihan B. Melting Peleburan

C. Freezing Pembekuan D. Sublimation Pemejalwapan

31. Which of the following is a reduction process? Antara yang berikut, yang manakah proses penurunan? A. A copper (II) ion gains two electrons Ion kuprum (II) menerima dua electron B. Hydrogen sulphide loses its hydrogen Hydrogen sulfida kehilangan hydrogen C. Iron (II) ion converted to ion (III) ion Ion ferum (II) bertukar kepada ion ferum (III) D. A magnesium atom loses two electrons Satu atom magnesium kehilangan dua electron

34. Which of the following substances is an insoluble salt? Antara bahan berikut, yang manakah garam tak terlarutkan? A. Calcium chloride Kalsium klorida B. Copper (II) chloride Kuprum (II) klorida C. Copper (II) sulphate Kuprum (II) sulfat D. Calcium sulphate Kalsium sulfat

35. Table 5 shows the electron arrangement of elements P, Q, R, S and T. Jadual 5 menunjukkan susunan electron unsur-unsur P, Q, R, S, dan T. Element Unsur P Q R S T Electron arrangement Susunan elektron 2.8.6 2.8.7 2.8.1 2.4 2.2 Table 5 / Jadual 5

37. Sodium and argon are placed in the same period in the Periodic Table of Element. Which of the following is true about the atoms of sodium and argon? Natrium dan argon berada pada kala yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur. Antara berikut, yang manakah benar tentang atom natrium dan atom argon? A. Have the same number of protons Mempunyai bilangan proton yang sama B. Have same number of neutrons Mempunyai bilangan neutron yang sama C. Have same number of valence electrons Mempunyai bilangan elektron valens yang sama D. Have the same number of shells filled with electrons Mempunyai bilangan petala terisi elektron yang sama

Which of the following pairs of elements can react to form a covalent compound? Antara pasangan berikut, yang m,anakah bertindak balas membentuk sebatian kovalen? I. P and T P dan T II. R and T R dan T III. S and Q S dan Q IV. P and S P dan S A. I and II only C. II and IV only I dan II sahaja II dan IV sahaja B. I and III only D. III and IV only I dan III sahaja III dan IV sahaja

38. Table 6 shows the electron arrangement of atoms W, X, Y and Z. Jadual 6 menunjukkan susuna electron bagi atom-atom W, X, Y dan Z. Atom Atom W X Y Z Electron arrangement Susunan elektron 2.1 2.2 2.8.4 2.8.6 Table 6 / Jadual 6

36. Which of the following is true about a weak alkali? Antara berikut, yang manakah benar tentang alkali lemah? A. Unable to neutralise acid Tidak boleh meneutralkan asid B. pH value is less than 7 nilai pH kurang daripada 7 C. Able to change blue litmus paper to red Boleh menukarkan warna lertas litmus biru kepada merah D. Ionises partially in water to produce hydroxide ions Mengion separa lengkap dalam air untuk menghasilkan ion hidroksida

Which of the following atoms is placed in Period 3 and Group 16 in the Periodic Table of Element? Antara atom-atom berikut, yang manakah berada dalam Kala 3 dan Kumpulan 16 dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur? A. W C. Y B. X D. Z

39. Which of the following acids has the highest concentration of hydrogen ions? Antara asid berikut, yang manakah mempunyai kepekatan ion hydrogen yang paling tinggi? 3 3 A. 50 cm of 1.0 mol dm nitric acid 3 3 50 cm asid nitric 1.0 mol dm B. 50 cm of 1.0 mol dm ethanoic acid 3 3 50 cm asid etanoik 1.0 mol dm C. 50 cm of 1.0 mol dm sulphuric acid 3 3 50 cm asid sulfurik 1.0 mol dm D. 50 cm of 1.0 mol dm hydrochloric acid 3 3 50 cm asid hidroklorik 1.0 mol dm
3 3 3 3 3 3

41. Diagram 10 shows the electron arrangement diagram for atom X and atom Y. Rajah 10 menunjukkan susunan electron bagi atom X dan Y.

Diagram 10 / Rajah 10 Which of the following statements are true when atom X reacts with atom Y? Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar apabila atom X bertindak balas dengan atom Y? I. The compound formed is sosluble in organic solvent but insoluble in water sebatian yang terbentuk larut dalam pelarut organic tetapi tidak larut dalam air. II. The compound formed is an ionic compound with the formula of X2Y. Sebatian yang terbentuk adalah sebatian ionic dengan formula X2Y. III. Atom Y contributes two electrons to be shared with one atom X. Atom Y membebaskan dua electron untuk dikongsi dengan satu atom X. IV. Atom X donates one electron to atom Y. Atom X menderma satu electron kepada atom Y. A. I and II only I dan II sahaja C. II and IV only II dan IV sahaja

40. Diagram 9 shows the diffusion of bromine gas. Rajah 9 menunjukkan resapan gas bromin.

Diagram 9 / Rajah 9 Which of the following statements explained the observation? Antara berikut, yang manakah menerangkan pemerhatian itu? A. Bromine particles move randomly Zarah-zarah bromin bergerak secara rawak B. Bromine particles is bigger than air particles Zarah-zarah bromin lebih besar daripada zarah-zarah udara C. Both bromine and air particles collide effectively Kedua-dua zarah bromin dan udara berlanggar secara berkesan D. Bromine particles move in empty spaces between air particles Zarah-zarah bromin bergerak dalam ruang kosong antara zarah-zarah udara.

B. I and III only D. III and IV only I dan III sahaja III dan IV sahaja

10

42. Diagram 11 shows the set-up of the apparatus to study the electrolysis of copper (II) chloride solution. Rajah 11 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji elektrolisis larutan kuprum (II) klorida.

A. Heat is absorbed from the surroundings Haba diserap dari persekitaran B. All particles are closely packed together Zarah-zarah tersusun dengan padat C. The temperature decreases evenly Suhu menurun secara seragam D. Naphthalene exist as solid and liquid Naftalena wujud sebagai pepejal dan cecair

Diagram 11 / Rajah 11 Which of the following statement is true? Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar? A. Electrode Q becomes thinner Elektrod Q menipis B. C. Electrode P becomes thicker Elektrod P menebal Greenish yellow gas is produced at electrode P Gas kuning kehijauan dibebaskan pada elektrod P The intensity of the blue colour solution does not change Keamatan warna biru larutan tidak berubah.

44. Table 7 shows the electron arrangement for atom P and Q. Jadual 7 menunjukkan susunan electron bagi atom P dan Q. Atom Electron arrangement Atom Susunan electron P 2.4 Q 2.8.6 Table 7 / Jadual 7 Choose the correct match between the formula and the type of bond formed between atom P and atom Q Pilih padanan yang betul mengenai formula dan jenis ikatan yang terbentuk antara atom P dan atom Q. Formula Formula A. PQ3 PQ3 P3Q P3Q Type of bond Jenis ikatan Ionic bond Ikatan ion Covalent bond Ikatan kovalen Ionic bond Ikatan ion Covalent bond Ikatan kovalen

D.

43. Diagram 12 shows the cooling curve of molten naphthalene. Rajah 12 menunjukkan lengkungan penyejukan bagi leburan naftalena.

B. C. D.

Diagram 12 / Rajah 12 Which of the following statements explain t1 and t2? Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah menerangkan tentang t1 dan t2?

45. A sample of oxide of M contains 2.7 g of M and 2.4 g of oxygen. What is the empirical formula for this compound? [Relative atomic mass: O, 16; M, 27] Satu sample oksida M mengandungi 2.7 g M dan 2.4 g oksigen. Apakah formula empiric bagi sebatian ini? [Jisim atom relatif: O, 16; M, 27] A. M3O2 C. MO2 B. M2O3 D. MO

11

46. The following chemical equation shows the reaction between sodium and oxygen. Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan tindak balas antara natrium dan oksigen. 4Na + O2 2Na2O 4.6 g of sodium burns completely with oxygen. What is the mass of the product? [Relative atomic mass: Na=23; O=16] 4.6 g natrium terbakar lengkap dengan oksigen. berapakah jisim hasil tindak balas itu? [Jisim atom relatif: Na=23; O=16] A. 6.2 g C. 12.4 g B. 7.8 g D. 24.8 g

when 360 cm of hydrogen gas is produced at room conditions? 3 -1 [molar volume of gas = 24 dm mol at room condition; relative atomic mass: mg= 24] Berapakah jisim minimum magnesium yang diperlukan untuk bertindak balas dengan asid 3 hidroklorik yang berlebihan apabila 360 cm gas hydrogen dihasilkan dalam keadaan bilik? 3 -1 [isipadu molar gas = 24 dm mol pada keadaan bilik; jisim atom relatif: mg= 24] A. 0.24 g C. 3.60 g B. 0.36 g D. 8.64 g

47. Diagram 13 shows the set-up of the apparatus of a chemical cell. Rajah 13 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi suatu sel kimia.

49. Which substance contains the same number of atoms as in 0.5 mol of helium? 23 -1 [Avogadros constant = 6.02 X 10 mol ] Bahan manakah yang mengandungi bilangan atom yang sama dengan 0.5 mol helium? 23 -1 [Pemalar Avogadro = 6.02 X 10 mol ] A. 0.1 mol of oxygen 0.1 mol oksigen B. 0.1 mol of nitrogen 0.1 mol nitrogen C. 0.1 mol of methane 0.1 mol metana D. 0.1 mol of carbon dioxide 0.1 mol karbon dioksida

Diagram 13 / Rajah 13 What is R? Apakah R? A. Zinc Zink B. Lead Plumbum 50. The following chemical equation shows the decomposition of calcium carbonate. Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan penguraian kalsium karbonat. CaCO3 CaO + CO2 What is the mass of calcium oxide formed when 5 g of calcium carbonate is heated strongly? [Relative atomic mass; C=12; O=16; Ca=40] Berapakah jisim kalsium oksida yang terbentuk apabila 5 g kalsium karbonat dipanaskan dengan kuat? [Jisim atom relatif; C=12; O=16; Ca=40] A. 0.28 g C. 4.60 g B. 2.80 g D. 8.90 g

C. Aluminium Aluminium D. Magnesium Magnesium

48. The following chemical equation shows the reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid. Persamaan kimia berikut, menunjukkan tindak balas antara magnesium dan asid hidroklorik. Mg + 2HCl MgCl2 + H2 What is the minimum mass of magnesium required to react with excess hydrochloric acid

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