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in the Parchment Curtain A reference to the iron curtain and bamboo curtain, referring to the Soviet Union and to China, respectively. State control of information in these states. For the Philippines, there is the parchment curtain, where the Spanish regime used their official documents to prevent modern Filipinos from forming a clear picture of their past. Teodoro A. Agoncillo: it will never be possible to write a real history of the Filipino people under Spain because the colonial government enjoyed a monopoly on the production of source materials. Some examples: Juan Salcedos hojas de servicios or service record, which is a collection of sworn testimonies to a mans service to the King (for some personal reward or pension). The procedure was for a notary public to swear in a number of witnesses and ask each of them a series of set questions about the actual deeds of the person involved. Insights/Reaction to Spanish dominion: From the hojas de servicios and the notarized document of 1571, it was shown that the native Filipinos back then were very much against or hostile to the Spanish occupation. The accounts show both the defenses and offenses that the Filipinos have made against the Spaniards during this period. These accounts arent really highlighted in official histories, but are available to us as cracks in the parchment curtains. Notarized document of 18 April 1571, formalizing Legazpis occupation of Manila. Origin of the word Igorot. It was found that their existence and characteristics were known for some time before the time of writing of one of the documents found. The cracks refer to fleeting glimpses of Filipinos and their reactions to Spanish dominion. These insights do not generally appear in the official histories.