Anda di halaman 1dari 4

UFVJODTDF

pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc ufhlfwdfkt,bc afmnpt lf cfmfhsdtkjc gbhdtkb ghtpbltynbc ufhlfwdfkt,fcsfy lfrfdibht,ekb cfrbs[t,bc itvcofdktkb cfmfhsdtkjc gfhkfvtynbc lhjt,bsb rjvbcbbc vbth vjgjdt,ek vfcfkt,pt dtcfe,ht,bs ltdybkb rfyjybthb [tkbceakt,bcf lf ghtpbltyn pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc lhjbyltkb vsfdhj,bc ghtvbthvbybcnhc7 abytsib v.ja ,tcfhbjy ueueidbkc8
2 ,fnjyj ,tcfhbjy7 xdtyvf obyf cfe,fhvf cfrvfjl lblb f;bjnf;b ufvjbodbf vrbs[dtkib7 sevwf7 bctst,bw b.dyty7 smdtysfy cfe,hbc ufvj kfvbc fyfstvfc hjv uflfvwtc888 c[dfsfijhbc7 pjuvf bcbw smdf7 fhfyfbhb [tkitrhekt,f j]f[cf lf ueueidbkc ijhbc fh ufajhvt,ekfj888 [tkitrhekt,bc ajnjfckb fh ufmds0 ltlfypt fqfhfathc urbs[fds888 2 ltlfyb /mjylf eptyftc cf,zjc7 vt fh vmjybf8 bct7 fhff cojhb fctsb vblujvf7 tu fh b.j [tkitrhekt,f xdtycf lf j]f[c ijhbc=== 2 f,f7 hf b.j0 2 tu b.j xdtyb v[fhbc [tkitrhekt,f itdfhlyfbc v[fhtcsfy8 tuht vfhnbdfl fh b.j cfmvt888 xdtyb v[fht b.j 2 vjovtt,b7 j]f[b7 kbndf lf xtxytsb7 bvfsb v[fht rb 2 itdfhlyfbc vsfdhj,f lf ghjrehfnehf8 2 ufcfut,bf7 t8 b8 mfk,fnjyvf vfyfyfv7 smdty7 lfwdbc ,bzt,vf7 ]j/fh lelftdbc [fk[vf lf kbndbc ofhvjvflutykj,fv itdfhlyfbc vsfdhj,fcsfy uffajhvts [tkitrhekt,f ghtpbltynbc sdbsvrdktkj,bc fmnpt0 2 [tkitrhekt,f ufajhvlf w[tlhbc uflvjcdtyt,bc gbhj,t,pt7 hfw vjbwfdlf fuhtsdt sdbsvrdktkj,bc afmnbc fqbfht,fcf lf tmcgthnbpbc xfenfht,kj,fc cfmfhsdtkjib=== lf fhf xtxytsib= fvltyfl7 f[kf vbvlbyfht ghjrehfnehbc ufvjbt,f lf rjrjc rjvbcbbc mvtlt,t,b 2 cfmfhsdtkjc v[hblfy lflt,ekb [tkitrhekt,bc e[tib lfhqdtdff=== fvfc rb smdty7 ;ehyfkbcnt,b7 fhfcjltc fmwtds .ehflqt,fc= 2 ,jkj-,jkj7 [jv ittkjs7 xtxytsib xftnfht,byfs tmcgthnbpf0 lelftdvf hfnjv fh xffnfhf0 2 xtxytsib tmcgthnbpf fh xfnfhlf vfyfyfc lf;byt,bs7 sevwf7 smdtyc ufptsib bub fv,j,c7 sbsmjc tmcgthnbpf xtxytsib xfnfhlf lf fmnb vfc vjgfhtc888 2 lf thsbw 2 ghtpbltynbc nfycfwvtkb lf gbhflb ybdst,b cfl ufmhf7 fct yfobk-yfobk hjv xylt,f [jkvt888 2 cfjwfhb itrbs[dff888 ityb fphbs7 dbc tdfkt,f tutsb hfvtt,b0 2 vjovtt,c se ghjrehfnehfc0 rfhufl bwbs7 hjv ghjrehfnehbc ufvjbt,fvlt ybdst,pt it[t,fw rb bc]t,f rfyjybs=== vbrdbhc7 vfuhfv smdty cfjwhfl fvhelt,s .dtkfathc888 2 bcbw afmnbf7 rjycnfynbyt ufvcf[ehlbfc rjvbcbf hfcfw brdktdc7 yfqlbf8 ltdyf hjv b.j7 [jv afmnbf0 sjhtv7 ,fnjyb rjycnfynbyt fh fv,j,c7 hjv smdtyb ,hfkbf ,fnjyb pdbflbc vrdktkj,f888 smdty fhcfl ult,s ,hfkc888 bc fv,j,c7 hjv7 itcfkjf7 smdty lfufbytc888 [jv afmnbf bcbw7 hjv fhwths smdtyufyc gbhflfl fh lfubyf[fds7 hjujh ufvj/rhf ghtpbltynvf cfc[ktnc sbsb888 2 eylf vbcekb.j ghjrehfnehf lf tvjmvtlf rfyjybc itcf,fvbcfl= 2 vfufib utsfy[vt,bs7 vfuhfv nfycfwvtkb lf gbhflb ybdst,b hfnjv ufvjfxbyf hj,bpjy vfhudtkfyvf fct lfudbfyt,bs0 lf dfknth iehqfbfc vbth lfothbk ,fhfsptw urbs[fds7 lfwdbc ,bzt,vf hjv f[ctytc xtvsfy cfe,fhib7 3fcfdfk-lfcfdkbc4 ths-ths obyf yjvthib888 2 bct7 thsbwff5 ltdyf stjhbekfl b.j7 vltdht,b rb f[kjvf[kj fhfdbc eyf[fdc lf dthw rjrjc rjvbcbf bgjdbc fcts afmnc888 futh erdt @_ otkbf7 cbcntvfnehfl hfqfw cbcektktt,c bujyt,ty v[jkjl bvbcsdbc7 hjv vtht rbltd f[fkb cbcektktt,b vjbujyjy= cek xdtyufy vjbs[jdty .dtkfathc888 fhflf7 vtcfvt lqtc vcjakbjv erdt bwjlf pdbflbc cbrdlbkb= xfcekb.dyty cfvtuhtkjib lf vbt[tlfs ybdst,bcsdbcfw lf c[df .dtkfahbcsdbcfw= 2 c[dfsfijhbc7 rjvbcbbc lfcrdyt,c gbhlfgbh itdfhlyfbc lflfyfifekt,bcrty vbd.fdfhs888 2 dthcfl dth vb/.fd[fhs888 itekt,tkbf bvbc lfvnrbwt,f7 hfw fh .jabkf8 smdty rb cek fvfc wlbkj,s= hf iefibf vrdktkj,f0 erdt lfvnrbwlf7 hjv vrdktkj,f b.j0 c[dfsfijhbc7 cfakfdbc flubkbc vwjlytw [tks /.fdlfs lf tyf[fs .dtkfathb7 fhfathb eikblfs [tkc= 2 vt bv rbs[dt,c dcdfv7 ,fnjyj ,tcfhbjy7 hjvkt,bw .dtkfc fmdc lf fh cdfvty888 .dtkfpt lblb cbcektktw eylf itvjovltcj7 cgfcrbv smdf lf vtw dcdfv7 itbkt,f7 bv f,cehlek itrbs[dt,cfw7 hjvkt,bw fhct,j,c888 thsbwff5 ufcfut,bf7 hjv vrdktkj,f ]th fh lfevnrbwt,bfs7 vfuhfv fhw bc lfubvnrbwt,bfs smdty lf c[dt,c7 hjv sdbsvrdktkj-

hfvlty]thvt lfb,tzlf xdtyb vjs[jdyf tmcgthnbpbc xfnfht,bc itcf[t, lf dbsjv7 fh bwbs0 ]th rbltd uflvjcdtyt,bc lhjc vjdbs[jdts= bct7 vfyfyf fh b.j7 cfakfdc hjv s[hblf0 VJRKTL7 VFU MDT.FYFIB SMDTY CBVFHSKT FH UZBHLT,FS= SMDTY UZBHLT,FS VELVBDB GBFHB= 2 lqtc c[df dbsfht,ff lf vfubnjv utrbs[t,bs f[kf7 sevwf888 2 hf c[df dbsfht,ff0 2 sevwf7 rjycnfynbyt ufvcf[ehlbfvfw smdf7 fvlty [fyc hfnjv fh xfvjlbc cfvij,kjib7 dbcb tibybfj0 smdtyb vbcfvfhsbs smdf888 2 rfb thsb888 rjrjv smdf888 lblvf dbyvtv smdf7 hf888 fhfathb vfyltlfy fh ufvjdf888 fhw xdtyb cfe,hblfy lf fhw cektkehb rjvbcbt,bc veifj,blfy= bvbnjv7 hjv fh ufmds cojhb jhbtynbht,b lf dth [fhs cfvfhskt,hbdfl ufvfhsekyb= smdtyb itrbs[dt,bc evtntcj,fw fynbcfvfhskt,hbdbf7 fye itrbs[dt,b fh bsdfkbcobyt,ty cfvfhskt,hbd vjs[jdyt,c888 vfufkbsfl 2 vt dfh gjkbnbrehb tvbuhfynb888 lf se fctsb dfh7 vfi hjujhqf xfvjdfk cfmfhsdtkjib0 2 vfufc vt ye vte,yt,bs7 ,fnjyj ,tcfhbjy888 se uyt,fds7 smdtyc cbn.dt,c ,fnjyb rjycnfynbyt ufvcf[ehlbfc ufcfujyfl lfd,tzlfds lf sfy7 lblb ihbanbs888 2 rb7 ,fnjyj888 gjkbnbrehb tvbuhfynb /mdbf bvfc7 dbcfw cfvij,kjib cltdybfy= rjrj dbsjv gjkbnbrehb tvbuhfynb b.j lf sfyfw7 cfmfhsdtkjib fhxtdyt,ib bqt,lf vjyfobktj,fc888 vfufc fathbcnj,f /mdbf= dby cltdyblf rjrjc cfmfhsdtkjib0 bc ]th rbltd genxfvlt ufupfdytc

,TCFHBJY UEUEIDBKB5

LF,TZLTS TC RBS[DT,B LF SE ITE'KBF7 UFCWTC RJRJV FV RBS[DT,PT GFCE[B=


ew[jtsib888 2 bct7 tu bcnjhbfw cfbynthtcjf888 hfnjv ufupfdyf ghtpbltynvf cfresfhb df;b ew[jtsib0 mfk,fnjy vfyfyfc lf ,fnjy rjycnfynbytc hjv dth /mjylfs vskfl yjhvfkehb ehsbthsj,f7 tctw [jv bwbc .dtkfv888 2 ity uujybf7 jvb mjhobkbf lf vjcfodtdt,b eylf ufbupfdyjc0 hfc vbmdbf7 fh lfb.tyf udthlib0 rjrj botdlf udthlib lfcflujvfl lf pdbflvf lfeifkf0 fy vfyfyf hf iefibf0 cfvtuhtkjib xfvjcdkf lfeifkf rjrjc vfyfyfv0 fcj,bs flfvbfyb xfvjdblf vfiby pdbflsfy ew[jtsblfy lf v[jkjl kjvuek rjrjc vjtrdtsf at[b= 2 pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbf fhfathc fv,j,lf7 ,fnjyj ,tcfhbjy0 lfdb]thj7 fhfcjltc ubcfe,hbfs fv stvfpt0 2 fy rbltd7 f[kf hjv kjvuekj,ty lf ,fknbybc ufvjxtybcsfyfdt hjv fjhsmklyty peulblblfy bc df;rfwt,b888 2 lffrjyrhtnts7 dbc uekbc[vj,s888 2 thscfw utn.dbs lf fvfcfw gbhdtkfl dfv,j,5 hjltcfw vfyfyfv ufbuj7 hjv pdbflvf tdhjgfib ufcdkbcfc rjrj vjbyf[ekf 2 bctsb bcnthbrf vjfo.j7 cfyfv abpbreh it[kfitvj[kfvlt fh vbdblf cfmvt7 dth ufxthlf= 2 /j7 vfufpt lfwdbc ,bzt,vfw smdtc xtvsfy cfe,fhib888 fye dbyvtv fy vbs eahj ,fnjyvf pdbflvf cwtvf mfk,fnjyb vfyfyf0 2 wtvf eiyj nthvbybf888 2 fv stvfpt cfe,fhc .dtkf ufeh,bc fvltyb okbc ufyvfdkj,fib888 2 cfvtuhtkjib pdbflvf cfthsjl fudbrhf-

,f b.j888 cfakfdbc flubkbc vwjlytt,ib dbc uekbc[vj,s0 2 fhfdbsfhb j,btmnehb rbs[dt,b smdty fh ufmds= uflf[tlts smdtyc ufptsc 2 ufcek okt,ib hfvltyb wbkbcofvt,f lf,tzlts lf hfvltyb 3gfnhbjnb4 cfe,hj,lf pdbflbc stvfpt888 yf[ts lf vtht vb[dlt,bs ,tdh hfvtc888 2 fhfj,btmnehj,f hfib itvybiyts0 vtjht v[fht c[df cf[bc rbs[dt,cfw cdfvc lf vt dfklt,ekbw dfh7 urbs[js888 2 rfyjybc vb[tldbs7 dbc tdfkt,jlf bvsfdbsdt .dtkfathb bvbc ufrtst,f7 hfcfw xdtyufy bs[jds0 hfnjv bs[jds xdtyufy bvfc7 hfw rfyjybs fh udtdfkt,jlf0 2 fct se dbvc]tkt,s7 ]th itdfhlyfbc vsfdhj,bc lf vtht lelftdbc vsfdhj,bc dfklt,ekt,fw rb b.j7 tmcgthnbpf xftnfht,byfs= vfhnj mfk,fnjyb vfyfyfc fphb b.j vsfdfhb0 2 gbhlfgbh utn.dbs5 FHCT,J,C VB[TBK CFFRFIDBKBC LFDFKT,F7 HFSF 'FKBC'FKFL LFVNRBWLTC VRDKTKJ,F LF F[KF .DTKF CNHEMNEHF VFUFPT VEIFJ,C= F,F7 F[KF CWFLTS LF FVJS[FHTS W[TLFHB888 hfnjv dth ,tlfds f[kf tmcgthnbpbc xfnfht,fc0 /j7 /j888 f[kf hfnjv fh nfhlt,f tmcgthnbpf fy uflvjcdtyt,bc lhjc hfnjv fh xfnfhlf0 vfyfyfcb utibybfs0 vfyfyfc ibibs dth xfubnfht,bfs f[fkb tmcgthnbpf lf ,tdhc kfgfhfrj,c .dtkf= 2 fye smdty vjbs[jds7 hjv [tkf[fkb tmcgthnbpf xfnfhltc lf w[tlfhb fvjcdtyltc vsfovbylbc gfystjyblfy0 2 rfb7 thsb hf888 ]th vfhnj smdtyc ufptsib

kf vbcb j]f[bc [ctyt,f= 2 lf hfqfw smdtc ,bzt,vf rbltd888 wjnf 'ytkb lfcf]tht,tkb rbf7 vfuhfv888 ,fnjy pdbflc uf.hf eyljlfj888 2 fhf888 vfyfyf ufh,jlf uhjpyjlfy lf vt vbvbodbf pdbflvf vfyfyfc lfcfjrt,kfl= 2 ubjhub [jv ufvjlbjlf hfwbbs [fppt888 2 tc .dtkfathb vtjht[fhbc[jdfybf888 2 lf bc kjvuekt,b lffrjyrhtnts7 ,fknbybc ]fht,bc lfyf[dbcfc hjv ufh,jlyty888 2 hfl eylf lfrjyrhtnt,f0 2 vfs bynthdbet,c smdty 'fkpt [ibhfl ,tzlfds888 bct7 f[kf pjub hjv kfgfhfrj,c7 fhff cojhb7 sbsmjc pdbflb vfyfyfv vbb.dfyf sdbsvrdktkj,fvlt fy j]f[vf888 vsfdfhb afmnjhb pytj,hbdb7 gjkbnbrehb lf ]fyvhstkj,bcf b.j= 2 ]fyvhstkj,fpt hfnjv smdtydt fh cdfvs rbs[dfc0 frb pdbflvf sfdfl smdf7 sehvt7 hfvltybvt sdbc itvltu vjmvtlt,c cfofvkfdbj888 2 vjofvdkfpt smdf7 rb7 vfuhfv VT VFBYW DABMHJ,7 HJV FDFLV.JAJ,BC VSFDFHB AFMNJHB LBF,TNB B.J888 bct7 smdtyc htcgjyltynt,c smdty /rbs[ts vjhbub bynthdbec lhjc7 se cfl b.dyty ,fknbybc itvjntdbcfc= 2 /jlf7 dbc drbs[js7 ,fnjyj ,tcj7 vbs[fhbs lf vfhskf drbs[fd888 vfhskf fh vjvthblt,f888 2 .dtkfc /rbs[ts 2 dbyw pdbflbcnj,fpt lt,c sfdc= 2 bct7 j]f[bc [ctyt,f hfnjv fubrhfkfs ghtpbltynvf0 2 f,f7 hf dbwb7 hfnjv888 fh fe[cybf888 2 lqtc pdbflbcnj,f vjlfib itvjlbc bctd7 vujyb7 fvfssdbc lf .dtkf pdbflbcnj,fpt lt,c erdt sfdc888 dbc drbs[js7 ,fnjyj ,tcfhbjy0 2 vfiby .dtkfc /rbs[ts= hf eylf fv thsb itrbs[dbc lfcvfc0 2 wjnytcf lf ubjhubcsfy fh ufmds ehsbthsj,f0 2 fh udfmdc cfthsj bynthtct,b8 2 flht bcbw smdtc7 sbsmjc smdtyb df;t,b lf ubjhub vtuj,hj,ty888 2 uhjpyjib vtuj,hj,lyty8 2 wjnytpt hfc abmhj,s0 cffrfidbkbc gbhfl gfnbvhfl sdkbs smdtyw0 2 vstkb cfmfhsdtkjf cffrfidbkbc gbhflb gfnbvfhb= 2 wjnytpt fhfathc vtn.dbs0 2 wjljf wjnyt888 lfbxfuhf888 2 smdtyb df;t,bw fh xfvjlbfy cfvij,kjib0 ths[tk bcbw smdtc7 smdtyc df;t,c hfqfw fdfhbf vjedblfs lf ubjhub ptl uflf.dfj888 2 rfb thsb7 hf888 ubjhubv bcbw rb fh bwbc7 hjvtkc hf ittvs[df= pdbflbc ufhlf7 vfu j]f[ib .dtkf gfsjkjubehb vfn.efhff= 2 f[kf hjujh fhbfy ,bzt,b0 2 fh dxbdb8 2 vfc itvltu b.dyty xfvjcekt,b fmts0 2 bct7 tutyb pdbflbc cekbc ltabwbnc cbwhett,bs fyfpqfeht,ty= fh vbylf vfufpt cfe,fhb888 2 otqfy fh vbgfce[ts888 dbcb vtidtj,bs ittkjs cfakfdbc flubkbc ufut,f itdfhlyfbc vsfdhj,bc otdht,c0 2 hfnjv itdfhlyfbc vsfdhj,bc otdht,c0 2 vt duekbc[vj,lb j]f[cf lf ktubnbveh [tkbceakt,fc7 cfthsfijhbcj iefvfdkt,c888 2 j]f[vf ltnfkehfl bwjlf flubkb7 cflfw b.j ,fnjyb pdbflb lfrhfkekb0 2 cekfw fh b.j fewbkt,tkb fv[tkf f;bjnf;bc fnt[df888 lelftdc ittkj cfvtuhtkjib idtekvahtybc ufupfdyf lf pdbflbc w[tlhbc cfblevkjl lf exevhfl uflfnfyf uhjpyjib= vfyfvltw b.j afmnb uhjpyjlfy cfvtuhtkjib idtekvahtybc xfahtybcf888 2 mfk,fnjyvf vfyfyfv bcbw smdf7 s,bkbccib /mjylfs w[tlfhb xfvjnfybkb lf sthvekfl lffveifdtcj888 hfvltyfl htfkehfl utxdtyt,fs fctsb hfv088 bct7 hjlbc xfahbylf idtekvahtyb uhjpyjlfy cfvtuhtkjib0 2 vfyfyfv hjv cbcektkt fhf smdfc7 tutsb fh fhct,j,c888 vfy rfhufl bwbc7 hjv tutsb cbcektktt,bc vjcvtyf lf ofrbs[df ,tdhc yfhrjnbrbdbs cbfvjdyt,c= hfw itt[t,f idtekvahtyc888 xdtyc xfcdkfvlt ,tdhfl flht xfahbylf888 bfhfqb xfbnfyf xdtyt,bcsdbc888 2 mfk,fnjyvf vfyfyfv lf ht;bcjhvf ujuf [fbylhfdfv fhfths[tk smdtc smdtypt7 cerbc futynbfj888 2 vtht0 2 smdty fh ufubwbfs gfce[b888 2 vfyfyfv vfvfxtvc 'vfw fqvjexbyf cfahfyutsib7 hjlbcfw cekfw fh /.fdlf 'vf= 2 fye0 2 vt rb7 vfyfyfv sehmtsib ufvbidf cfveifjl7 hfw fuhtsdt cbwhetf= fhfdbsfhb 3rfut,tc4 cf,esb xtvc itcf[t, ,eyt,fib fh fhct,j,c= 2 vfbyw urbs[fds888 sfyfvihjvkj,lbs se fhf hjlbcvt cf,zjsf eibihjt,bc cfvcf[ehsfy0 2 vfyfyf erdt @_ otkbf7 bvemht,f7 hjv hfqfw cf,est,c lflt,c xtvc obyffqvltu888 2 ,fnjyj ,tcfhbjy7 vfgfnbts7 vfuhfv gfce[b fh ufubwbfs xtvc rbs[dt,pt888 2 gbhbmbs 2 CER-ib vt fqhbw[ekb db.fdb

22

UFUH'TKT,F @#-T UDTHLPT

@_!_ OKBC @ - ( FUDBCNJ 1 #! ~(@*`

UFVJODTDF

LFCFO.BCB @@-T UDTHLPT


hjujhw 34= bwb7 tu hfc ybiyfdc0 2 3 4= 2 lf ;ehyfkb fv xfyfothbs pdbflc [tks /mjylf888 cojhtl vfubnjv vtylj,jlf erfyvje[tlfdfl= 2 hf e.j vtht0 smdty fh ufmds fckb0 2 hbcb fckb0 2 bv ;ehyfkbc xfyfothbc888 2 cfthsjl7 vbrdbhc7 hfnjv fh bynthtclt,f f[kfyltkb [tkbceakt,f bvbs7 hjwf dbqfw rthj gbhb cbcntvfnehfl fw[flt,c7 hjv [tks fmdc efqhtcfl cfblevkj cf[tkvobaj ljrevtynt,b0 vfbyw ufvjbrbs[t7 f,f 2 hfnjv fh wlbkj,c cffrfidbkbc [tkbceakt,f7 vfyfyfcufy fvjbqjc vbc [tks dbsjv fhct,ekb vfcfkt,b0 3rfut,tc4 fhmbdb7 3cntxrbyb4 lf c[df tutst,b888 hfj0 tibybfs vfyfyfcb0 2 hjvtkcfw idbkb !_ okbs wb[tib xfeultc0 vjrktl7 utyfwdfkt 2 pdbflbc cbrdlbkbc cfrbs[b fhfcjltc uflfo.lt,f wfkcf[fl= tutsbf fv vjdktybc fhcb888 gbhdtk hbuib bvbnjv7 hjv nr,bkb cbwhet ehxtdybfs vofht cbvfhsktc888 bct7 iehqfbfpt vrbs[t lf hjv fh babmhj7 sbsmjc ufdeh,bdfh itrbs[dfc7 utn.db888 iehqfbf fh bvcf[eht,c xtvufy .ehflqt,fc= cfvoe[fhjf7 vfuhfv smdtyc ufptsibw hfvlty]thvt lfd,tzlt 2 dthfcjltc xfnfhlt,f rfyjybthb7 ktubnbvehb ufvjbt,f= cfrvfhbcpt vtnbf fv]thfl888 lfyfhxtypt dbcfe,hjs vfc itvltu7 hfw rjrjc vfbveyehb rjvbcbf lfcrdyfc lflt,c lf fhfyfrkt, vfbveyehb gfhkfvtynb fv lfcrdyfc lffvnrbwt,c= 2 bct7 vf[cjdc7 vgbhlt,jlbs7 dhwkfl dbcfe,ht,sj ghtpbltynbc cbwjw[kbc ,jkj gthbjlbc itcf[t,888 2 f[kfw ubvtjht,s7 hjv vt vpfl dfh7 sevwf7 ]th bc rbs[dt,b lf,tzlts lf fh lfufdbo.lts7 ufvjfmdt.yjs 2 ;ehyfkbcnt,bc itrbs[dt,b rjrjc rjvbcbbcflvb888 lf,tzlts tc rbs[dt,b lf se itekbf7 ufcwtc rjrjv fv rbs[dt,pt gfce[b= c[dfsfijhbc7 vt vpfl dfh7 ltnfkehfl dbcfe,hjs pdbflbc cbwjw[kbc ,jkj lqtt,pt888 ltnfkehfl= smdty se [fhs vpfl7 hjv xtvb .dtkf yfsmdfvb lf,tzljs0 2 ,fnjyj ,tcfhbjy7 lqtvlt levlbs lf hf smvf eylf7 smdtyb cbn.dt,b xdtyt,bc vbwtvbc njkafcb bmyt,f888 hf smvf eylf7 vpfl dfhs7 sevwf7 f[kfdt utn.dbs7 hjv rbs[dt,b 'fkbfy ,tdhbf smdtyb vbcfvfhsbs888 fhflf7 .dtkf .dtkfathc fv,j,c888 2 /j7 .dtkf .dtkfathpt .dtkfathc fv,j,c888 cek cbcektktt,b lf afynfpbt,bf888 bct7 cfo.fkb wjnyt cfdct,bs htfkehfl pbc888 /j7 vbylf7 fctsb hfvtw lfothj8 f[kf ufvf[ctylf888 [jvff yfsmdfvb5 3c]j,c cf[tkbcf vj[dtzf .jdtkcf vjcf[dtztkcf47 tct bub7 cf[tkb elbltcb cbvlblhtf lf vfiby hf /mdbf bv flfvbfyc7 hjvtkbw c[dfc fv cbvlblhtc /gfhfdc0 2 cfdct,bs htfkehfl hfc ybiyfdc0 fye bvcf[eht,c cfc]tkc lf cffrfidbkbc wb[tc0 fy dbc vj/gfhf wjnytv cf[tkb0 2 fctsc vt deojlt,lb elbltc mehlcf lf .fxfqc888 fhf7 vfyfyf lf c[dt,b dbhnefkehfl bxfuht,bfy7 wjnyt rb cfdct,bs htfkehfl= ity rb ubhxtd 2 ye vbbqt, vjyfobktj,fc cf[tkbc mehlj,fib888 ye uf[lt,b cf[tkbc ghjktnfhb888 2 fye sdkbs7 hjv wjnyt fh bvcf[eht,c wb[tc0 fy vt vte,yt,bs vfufc7 ,fnjyj ,tcfhbjy0 Vdth vbd[dlb888 2 wb[tc bvcf[eht,c se fhf7 wfkrt cfrbs[bf 2 [jkj cffukj,t,b7 hjvtkbw vbc ufhitvj [lt,f7 cfpbpqfhbf= ity rb ubs[fhb7 hjujhw pjufl gbhjdyt,fc888 ity7 fye .dtkfc888 uf[ibhlf lf erdt .jabsfl bmwf cf[tkbc mehlj,f888 [fk[b fhw cfresfh cf[tkc eahs[bklt,f lf vbsevtntc 2 fhw c[dbcfc= 2 cf[tkbcf lf bltbc mehlt,b vjvhfdklyty888 2 tuff ths-thsb vbptpb bvbcf7 se hfnjv fh xfvjdlbdfh=== 2 sevwf7 smdtyc yfsmdfvc .dtkf dth ufbut,c888 2 fm tuts [fk[sfy .jdtklqbehb ehsbthsj,f fh vfmdc lf tu lblb idt,ff888 /jlf7 hjv vtgfnb;t,b 2 cf[tkbc mehlt,bc mdt.fyfib vtgfnb;t,b0 2 sevwf7 thsbwff888 cfresfh thc fh t,ent,bfy [jkvt7 ,fnjyj ,tcfhbjy888 2 uf,endf hf iefibf0 vtyitdbrt,bc vsfdhj,f cfahfyutsib hjv ufbmwf7 uf,enekb b.j0 pdbflb hjv xtxytsib ofdblf 2 thc uft,enf0 fy7 hjv xfvjdblt 2 ity lf rjrj vfhxtys0 se cffrfidbkc xfdedfhlt ve[kt,ib7 hjujhw c[dt,vf mytc 2 fhbmf7 ibvibkbs drdlt,b lf gtycbf vfqbhctj0 2 vt xtvb j]f[bc hxtyfw vbzbhc lf888 ,fnjyvf rjycnfynbytv rb7 fvbc cehdbkb hjv ufvjsmdfc7 vttzdt,f888 2 vt ltdybkb [tkbceakt,f dfh= 2 pdbflb rb lf,heylf bm7 cflfw ktubnbvehj,f fqluf= 2 vfyl fqluf ktubnbvehj,f0 fb7 [jv [tlfd7 sehvt7 hfv[tkf ghj,ktvt,sfy .jabkf lfrfdibht,ekb dbqfwbc lf,heyt,f888 2 fct dtqfhw fqdflutys ktubnbvehj,fc dtqfhfcjltc888 vjhxf rbyj lf f[kf cffrfidbkbc vhfdfkcthbbfyb abkvbc .eht,f udbotdc888 afynfcnbrehb abkvbc888 3e;fct,bc4888 2 vtht hf0 2 dthw vtyitdbrt,vf fqflubytc7 vfuhfv fh lfsvtc= cojhtl fvbnjvff7 fct ufvof-

ht,bs hjv vt,hdbfy 2 xtvc erfy ktubnbvehj,ff= 2 vt rb fh vt,hdbfy7 xtvb cf[bs ktubnbvehj,fc t,hdbfy= 'ytkb ufcfut,b lf vbcf[dtlhbf0 lfdfvsfdhjs7 sjhtv ufstylf888 vfbyw dth ufufut,byt888 fhfathb vfu mdt.fyfc f[kf +=` fh tidtkt,f 2 n.ebkb bvtlt,bf888 hjujhw yjt ;jhlfybfv smdf rjveybcnt,pt 2 vfufs v[jkjl lhj vjthtdfj888 f[kfyltk ht;bvcfw v[jkjl lhj vjthtdf888 fv oesfc tuhtf lf 'fkbfy lbl [fyc tuht bmyt,f7 vtht rb bctd wjnf [ybs lflut,f ufpfa[ekb888 2 lhj rb mfhsdtkb thbc bcnjhbbcf lf cfvfhskbfyj,bc cfobyffqvltujl fhbc vjvfhsekb fv oesfc888 cfe,tlehjl888 2 hfc dbpfvs888 f[kf rb ubupfdyb bv itrbs[dt,c8 eahj ltnfkehfl lf lqtvlt ,ehecbs vjwek afmnt,pt c[df lhjc dbcfe,hjs888 hjujhw itugbhlbs888 !8 rjrjc rjvbcbfc jabwbfkehfl /mdbf 3cfmfhsdtkjc gbhdtkb ghtpbltynbc pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc ufhlfwdfkt,fcsfy lfrfdibht,ekb cfrbs[t,bc itvcofdktkb cfmfhsdtkjc gfhkfvtynbc lhjt,bsb rjvbcbf47 vfuhfv fv rjvbcbbc fhwths ljrevtynib lf rjvbcbbc otdht,bc fhwths cf]fhj ufvjcdkfib fh uf;qtht,ekf sdbsvrdktkj,bc lfvflfcneht,tkb fhwthsb fhuevtynb 2 fuhtcbekb lf;byt,bs v[jkjl vrdktkj,bc dbsjv lfvflfcneht,tk afmnt,cf lf ufhtvjt,t,ptf ufvf[dbkt,ekb .ehflqt,f8 XYLT,F RBS[DF5 vrfabjl ufvj[fnekb wfkv[hbdj,bsf lf fhfj,btmnehj,bs [jv fh bmwf tc rjvbcbf 3cfmfhsdtkjc gbhdtkb ght-

pbltynbc7 pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc vrdktkj,bc += cfrbs[t,bc itvcofdktkb cfmfhsdtkjc gfhkfvtynbc lhjt,bs rjvbcbfl40 @8 rjrjc rjvbcbfc jabwbfkehfl /mdbf 3cfmfhsdtkjc gbhdtkb ghtpbltynbc pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc ufhlfwdfkt,fcsfy lfrfdibht,ekb cfrbs[t,bc itvcofdktkb cfmfhsdtkjc gfhkfvtynbc lhjt,bsb rjvbcbf48 rjvbcbbc lfcf[tkt,blfy ufvjvlbyfht7 fhct,j,c se fhf fv rjvbcbbc itvflutykj,fib seylfw thsb otdhb7 hjvtkbw bvsfdbsdt +rjvbcbfvlt lf ufvjbt,fvlt fh bpbfht,lf ufvcf[ehlbfc vrdktkj,bc dthcbfc lf tv[hj,jlf sdbsvrdktkj,bc dthcbfc0 #8 se fhbc rjvbcbbc otdhb7 hjvtkbw fy flht7 fy f[kf tv[hj,f sdbsvrdktkj,bc dthcbfc 2 cfl lf hjlbc ufvjsmdf vfy seylfw vwbhtlb tzdb vrdktkj,bc dthcbfib0 $8 rjvbcbbc lfrjvgktmnt,f v[jkjl bctsb flfvbfyt,bs7 hjvkt,bw vnrbwtl fhbfy ufyo.j,bkyb7 hjv 3ufvcf[ehlbf sfdc fh vjbrkfdlf47 [jv fh vjovj,c rjvbcbbc wfkv[hbdj,fcf lf fhfj,btmnehj,fc0 %8 fuhjdt,c se fhf rjvbcbf pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc sdbsvrdktkj,bc lfvfcf,est,tk afmnt,cf lf vfcfkt,c 2 se v[jkjl vrdktkj,bc lfvfcf,est,tkb vfcfkt,bcf lf ljrevtynt,bc ituhjdt,bsff ufnfwt,ekb0 ^8 gfhkfvtynbc resdybk rjrjc rjvbcbbc dt,-udthlpt ufvjmdt.yt,ekbf 3cfmfhsdtkjc gbhdtkb ghtpbltynbc pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc ufhlfwdfkt,fcsfy lfrfdibht,ekb cfrbs[t,bc itvcofdktkb cfmfhsdtkjc gfhkf-

3VPFL DFH7 LTNFKEHFL DBCFE,HJS PDBFLBC CBWJW[KBC ,JKJ LQTT,PT= LTNFKEHFL= SMDTY SE [FHS VPFL7 HJV XTVB .DTKF YFSMDFVB LF,TZLJS04
3GBHLFGBH UTN.DBS5 FHCT,J,C CFFRFIDBKBC LFDFKT,F7 HFSF 'FKBC'FKFL LFVNRBWLTC VRDKTKJ,F LF F[KF .DTKF CNHEMNEHF VFUFPT VEIFJ,C=4

vtynbc lhjt,bsb rjvbcbbc sfdv]ljvfhbc7 rjycnfynbyt ufvcf[ehlbfc vtjht iefktlehb vj[ctyt,f47 vfuhfv fhff ufvjmdt.yt,ekb fvfdt rjvbcbbc gbhdtkb vj[ctyt,f +@%8_@8@_!_7 hjvkbc itcf,fvbcflfw vfc dflf ufeuhtktc`8 fhflf7 fv jh ljrevtync ijhbc lblb lf 'fkpt fhct,bsb obyffqvltuj,t,bf= gbhdtk hbuib7 vrdktkj,bc dthcbbc cftzdjj,bcf lf fv dthcbbc vbvfhs rjvbcbbc fhfj,btmnehb lfvjrblt,ekt,bc sdfkcfphbcbs7 [JV FH EYLF LF,FLJC FV AFMNVF TZDB BVFIB7 HJV F[KF RJVBCBF WLBKJ,C7 VBVFKJC LF VBXMVFKJC 3GBHDTKB IEFKTLEHB LFCRDYF4 VBCB CHEKB FHFFLTRDFNEHJ,BC7 VBRTHJT,BC7 FHFJ,BTMNEHJ,BCF LF FHFGHJATCBEKJ,BC UFVJ0 *8 rjrjc rjvbcbbc gbhdtk +iefktleh lfcrdyfib fqybiyekbf5 3rjvbcbf fvnrbwt,c7 hjv5 !))$ okbc !@ bfydfhc f8,fkefidbkvf ufvjbnfyf lflutybkt,f lfrhfkdbc flubkblfy udfvbc fvjqt,bcf lf lfsdfkbtht,bc itcf[t,8 fqybiyekb lflutybkt,f itcheklf !))$ okbc !* st,thdfkc7 hjltcfw peulblbc hfbjybc cjatk ]b[firfhib7 dfkbrj pfhfylbfc cfw[jdht,tkb cf[kbc f[kjc vlt,fht lfv[vfht yfut,j,blfy7 vbobc fvjs[hbc itltufl7 fvjcdtyt,ek bmyf re,j7 pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc w[tlhbs48 fvfdt lhjc rfhufl wyj,bkbf lf itcfybiyfdfl ljrevtynbht,ekbf7 hjv p8ufvcf[ehlbfc uhjpyjib uflfcdtyt,bc vbpybs += lfrhfkdbc flubkblfy w[tlhbc fvjqt,f lf lfsdfkbtht,f vj[lf7 gbhdtk hbuib7 lf evsfdhtcfl ufvcf[ehlbfc mdhbdbc +j]f[bc vjs[jdybsf lf ufvcf[ehlbfc uhjpyjib uflfcdtyt,bc cfthsfijhbcj rjvbcbbc +xtxytsbc dbwt-ghtvbthbcf lf gfhkfvtynbc otdht,bc7 kbndbc gfhkfvtynbc otdht,bcf lf byueib gjkbnbrjcbc vjyfobktj,bs vtsdfk.ehtj,bsf lf [tkvqdfytkj,bs7 ufvcf[ehlbfc j]f[bc ofhvjvflutytksf vtsdfk.ehtj,bc mdti 2 [jkj ,fkefidbkbc v[fhtv fhw rb bwjlf7 cfl b.j udfvb lfcfakfdt,ekb8 hfnjv fvf[dbkt,c rjvbcbf .ehflqt,fc v[jkjl ,fkefidbkbc 3lflutybkt,fpt4lf cfdct,bs xmvfkfdc ufvcf[ehlbfc j]f[bcf lf ufycfresht,bs uhjpyjib uflfcdtyt,bc cfthsfijhbcj rjvbcbbc odkbkcf lf gfce[bcvut,kj,fc7 hjvtkybw ufvcf[ehlbfc sdbsvrdktkj,fc fqbfht,ty0 (8 [jv fh fcf,est,c rbltd ths[tk rjvbcbbc tc wfkv[hbdj,f vbc ufycfresht,ek vbrthjt,ekj,fc v[jkjl vrdktkj,bc dthcbbc vbvfhs lf vbc fhfj,btmnehj,fc0 )8 rjrjc rjvbcbbc gbhdtk +iefktleh lfcrdyfib vrdktkj,bc dthcbbc lfvflfcneht,tk ths-ths .dtkfpt cthbjpek afmnjhfl ufyb[bkt,f lf lblb flubkb fmdc lfsvj,bkb 3itvfdfkb zhbkj,bc lbfvtnhc4 lf cf,jkjjl rb fqybiyekbf5 3pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc w[tlfhpt itvfdfkb zhbkj,bc lbfvtnhb 3cntxrbybc4 gbcnjktnbc rfkb,hpt yfrkt,b .jabkf7 hfw ybiyfdc7 hjv vfhudtkfy-udfywtkfbc dthcbf7 hjv ufchjkf 3cntxrbybc4 gbcnjktnblfy vj[lf7 fhfcojhbf48 vfc itvltu7 hfw hjcnjdbc tmcgthnbpbc lfcrdyfv rjrjc rjvbcbbc tc ths-thsb .dtkfpt 3cthbjpekb4 lt,ekt,f uffmfho.kf lf lfflfcnehf7 hjv 3vfhudtkfy-udfywtkfbc dthcbf4 cfdct,bs cojhb .jabkf7 fye itvfdfkb zhbkj,bc lbfvtnhb cojhtlfw hjv 3cntxrbybc4 gbcnjktnbc rfkb,hbcf .jabkf 2 hfnjv fh vje[flf rjvbcbfv cf]fhjl ,jlbib vfhudtkfycf lf udfywtkftc cf]fhj wbkbcofvt,bcf lf eylj,kj,bcfsdbc7 [jkj mfhsdtk [fk[cf lf mfhsek vfcvtlbfc 2 vbrthjt,ekb lf .fk,b byajhvfwbbc ufdhwtkt,bcsdbc0 !_8 rjrjc rjvbcbbc gbhdtk +iefktleh lfcrdyfib vrdktkj,bc dthcbbc lfvflfcneht,tk ths-ths .dtkfpt cthbjpek afmnjhfl ufyb[bkt,f7 3cfl vlt,fhtj,c ufvjvfdfkb zhbkj,f04 lf rdkfd tzdt,bf ufvjsmvekb ufvcf[ehlbfc cbrdlbkbc vjovtt,bcf lf w[tlhbc ]b[firfhib ufgfnbjcyt,f-,fkpfvbht,bcf lf lfvrhfkfdsf gfnbjcyt,bc vbvfhs8 vfc itvltu7 hfw hjcnjdbc tmcgthnbpbc lfcrdyfv rjrjc rjvbcbbc tc fuhtsdt ths-thsb .dtkfpt 3cthbjpekb4 lt,ekt,f uffmfho.kf lf lfflfcnehf7 hjv ufvjvfdfkb zhbkj,f pecnfl bm vlt,fhtj,c7 cflfw vfcpt cbrdlbkbc vjovtt,b lf ]b[firfhib w[tlhbc ufvgfnbjcyt,kt,b7 ,fkpfvbc ufvrtst,kt,b lf lfvrhfkfdt,b vbesbst,lyty 2 hfnjv fh vje[flf rjvbcbfv cf]fhjl ,jlbib itcf,fvbc gbht,c cf]fhj wbkbcofvt,bcf lf eylj,kj,bcfsdbc7 [jkj mfhsdtk [fk[cf lf mfhsek vfcvtlbfc 2 vbrthjt,ekb lf .fk,b byajhvfwbbc ufdhwtkt,bcsdbc0 !!8 rjrjc rjvbcbbc gbhdtk +iefktleh lfcrdyfib vrdktkj,bc dthcbbc lfvflfcneht,tk ths-ths .dtkfpt cthbjpek afmnjhfl ufyb[bkt,f7 3hf vfybkblfy ufy[jhwbtklf ufchjkf04 lf rdkfd tzdt,bf ufvjsmvekb ufvcf[ehlbfc cbrdlbkbc vjovtt,bc xdtyt,fsf lf vfsb gfnbjcyt,bc vbvfhs lf fqybiyekbf5 3afmnj,hbdb vfcfkf vb,]tybs ufchjkbc afmnbc lfcfvnrbwt,kfl firfhfl fhfcfrvfhbcbf lf

UFUH'TKT,F @$-T UDTHLPT @_!_ OKBC @ - ( FUDBCNJ 1 #! ~(@*`

23

UFVJODTDF

LFCFO.BCB @@-T UDTHLPT


vtnbw7 obyffqvltuj,hbdbf48 ufchjkbc vfybkpt cgtrekfwbt,bf fuhtsdt rjrjc abkvib 3lbyt,bc cfobyffqvltujl47 cflfw fqybiyekb b.j7 hjv sbsmjc hjcnjdbc tmcgthnbpbc lfcrdyfib tothf +rflhib exdtyt,ty hfqfw hecek ntmcnc7 dbsjv hjcnjdbc lfcrdybcf7 hjvtkbw bv lhjc rjrjc fh uffxylf`7 hjv n.dbf7 hjvtkvfw vjrkf pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbf7 yfchjkb b.j 3%_ cfynbvtnhbc cbijhblfy48 VFC ITVLTU7 HFW HJCNJDBC TMCGTHNBPBC LFCRDYFV RJRJC RJVBCBBC TC FUHTSDT THSTHSB .DTKFPT 3CTHBJPEKB4 LT,EKT,F UFFMFHO.KF LF LFFLFCNEHF7 HJV UFCHJKF UFY[JHWBTKLF 3FHF EIJHTC %_ CFYNBVTNHBCF47 UYT,FDS 3%_ CFYNBVTNHPT EAHJ F[KJ VFYBKBLFY4 LF VTNBW 2 VB,]TYBS UFCHJKBC ITCFKT,KJ,BS 2 HFNJV FH VJE[FLF RJVBCBFV CF]FHJL ,JLBIB ITCF,FVBC GBHT,C CF]FHJ WBKBCOFVT,BCF LF EYLJ,KJ,BCFSDBC7 [JKJ MFHSDTK [FK[CF LF MFHSEK VFCVTLBFC 2 VBRTHJT,EKB LF .FK,B BYAJHVFWBBC UFDHWTKT,BCFSDBC0 !@8 rjrjc rjvbcbbc gbhdtk +iefktleh lfcrdyfib vrdktkj,bc dthcbbc lfvflfcneht,tk ths-ths .dtkfpt cthbjpek afmnjhfl ufyb[bkt,f7 se 3hjujh vbf.tyf sdbsvrdktkvf sfdbc sfdc c[df lfpbfyt,t,b04 lf rdkfd tzdt,bf ufvjsmvekb ufvcf[ehlbfc cbrdlbkbc vjovtt,bc xdtyt,fsf lf vfsb gfnbjcyt,bc vbvfhs bv cf,f,bs7 hjv dbsjv w[tlfhc ittvxytjlf yfn.dbfhb fuhtsdt .tkbc fhtib8 vfc itvltu7 hfw hjcnjdbc tmcgthnbpbc lfcrdyfv rjrjc rjvbcbbc tc fuhtsdt ths-thsb .dtkfpt 3cthbjpekb4 lt,ekt,f uffmfho.kf lf lfflfcnehf7 hjv ytinc fqvjfxylf v[jkjl thsb yfchjkbc rdfkb 2 hfnjv fh vje[flf rjvbcbfv cf]fhjl ,jlbib itcf,fvbc gbht,c cf]fhj wbkbcofvt,bcf lf eylj,kj,bcfsdbc7 [jkj mfhsdtk [fk[cf lf mfhsek vfcvtlbfc 2 vbrthjt,ekb lf .fk,b byajhvfwbbc ufdhwtkt,bcfsdbc0 !#8 fv7 3.tkib fhct,ek vtjht yfn.dbfh zhbkj,fcsfy4 lfrfdibht,bs rjrjc rjvbcbbc 3vtjht iefktleh vj[ctyt,fib4 fqybiyekbf7 hjv5 3ltrfyjcbbc ufyw[flt,fc lf qehorfbfc xdtyt,fc fctdt flfcneht,c rbltd thsb gbhb7 hjvtkvfw ufyvfhnt,t,b vbcwf rjvbcbfcfw lf fctdt uffrtsf cf]fhj ufyw[flt,t,b vtlbfib +b[8 vfufkbsfl7 3hecsfdb -@4-bc @_!_ okbc @* fghbkbc cfqfvjc )-cffsbfyb 3rehbthbc4 ufvjidt,f lf fctdt ufpts 3rdbhbc gfkbnhbc4 @_!_ okbc #-) vfbcbc yjvthb`8 tc gbhb bhoveyt,f7 hjv vfy sfdfl lffsdfkbthf pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc udfvb vbcb uhjpyjib xfcdtyt,bc itvltu lf flfcneht,c7 hjv sfdbc fhtib udfvc jhb itvfdfkb wtw[kcfchjkb zhbkj,f /mjylf7 vfs ijhbc7 thsb ybrfgbc mdtlf fhtib7 hjvkbc ufvjvfdfkb zhbkj,f rbchbc fhtib b.j48 lf tc vfiby7 hjltcfw 3gbhb47 hjvkbc udfhbw rjrjc vj[ctyt,fib e[ctyt,tkbf lf hjvtkvfw 3uffrtsf cf]fhj ufyw[flt,t,b vtlbfib +b[8 vfufkbsfl7 3hecsfdb-@4-bc @_!_ okbc @* fghbkbc cfqfvjc )-cffsbfyb 3rehbthbc4 ufvjidt,f`47 fye sjhbf ntktbynthdbeib cfresfh sfdpt [tkbc lflt,bs +=` pecnfl vbesbst,c7 hjv .tkbc fhtib vbc vbth dbsjvw itvxytekb yfn.dbfhbc ufvjcfdfkb 3rtabc 'dfksfy lblb zhbkj,bs ufvjlbjlf48 fye7 fv e[ctyt,tkb vjovbc xdtyt,bs7 hjvtkcfw rjrjc rjvbcbf tysepbfpvbs t.hlyj,f7 3vtjht4 n.dbfc fewbkt,kfl eylf lftpbfyt,byf hjujhw rbchbc vfkt,b7 fuhtsdt 2 sfdbc mfkfw= lf tc vfiby7 hjltcfw hjcnjdbc tmcgthnbpbc lfcrdyf fhfdbsfh vtjht ufvjvfdfk zhbkj,fc sfdbc mfkfpt fh fqybiyfdc lf fhw rbchbc vfkt,bc hfbvt lfpbfyt,fc= [jv fh ybiyfdc fvudfhb 3e[ctyt,tkb4 vjovtt,bc ahbfl cflfdj l cftzdj 3xdtyt,t,bc4 fctsb tysepbfpvbs lf byntycbehb ufvj.tyt,f rjrjc rjvbcbbc vbth7 hjv rjvbcbf erblehtcfl itbpqelf lf xb[ib vjtmwf vrdktkj,bc dthcbbc lfcf,est,fib0 !$8 rjrjc rjvbcbbc otdhvf C8 ,HTUDFTV thsthsb ufptsbcsdbc vbwtvek bynthdbeib fqybiyf7 hjv 3ufvcf[ehlbf ]th fofvtc lf itvltu vjrktc888 w[tlfhc888 wfk [tkpt fhf fmdc ahx[bkt,b8884 fvfdt lhjc7 rjvbcbbc 3vtjht iefktleh vj[ctyt,fib4 cbrdlbkfvlt ufvcf[ehlbfc v[twehb ofvt,bc tc 'fkpt fhct,bsb 2 wfk [tkpt ahx[bkt,bc fhfhct,j,bc afmnb cfdct,bs fhff vj[ctybt,ekb8 HFNJV LF HF VBPYBS VBBXMVFKF RJVBCBBC 3VTJHT IEFKTLEH VJ[CTYT,FIB4 UFVCF[EHLBFC OFVT,BCFC VBCSDBC AHX[BKT,BC LFHJ,BC DBSJV AFMNB0 !%8 rjrj ufvcf[ehlbfv fhfths[tk cf]fhjl ufyfw[flf7 hjv hjcnjdbc tmcgthnbpbc lfcrdyf fhbc 3lfibahekb4 lf hjv vfy bub ufycfibahfl ofeqj uthvfytk cgtwbfkbcnt,c8 dby fhbfy tc 3uthvfytkb cgtwbfkbcnt,b40 !^8 hjvtk abhvfib7 rjvgfybfib fy jhufybpfwbfib veifj,ty tc 3cgtwbfkbcnt,b40 !*8 itcfkt,tkbf se fhf fv 3cgtwbfkbcnt,sfy4 lfrfdibht,f rjrjc wyj,bc htfkehj,bc

,TCFHBJY UEUEIDBKB5

uflfcfvjovt,kfl lf hf upbs itbkt,f0 !(8 hfnjv fh fmdt.yt,c rjvbcbf fv 3uthvfytkb cgtwbfkbcnt,bc4 vbth ufrtst,ek ufyibadhfc0 !)8 hf sfy[f uflft[flfs fv 3uthvfytk cgtwbfkbcnt,c4 lf hf o.fhjt,blfy0 @_8 hjcnjdbc tmcgthnbpbc ljrevtynb erdt jh tuptvgkfhfl fhct,j,c cfmfhsdtkjib lf fhwthsb vfsufyb fh fhbc ufvjmdt.yt,ekb8 hfnjv fh fmdt.yt,c rjvbcbf hjcnjdbc tmcgthnbpbc ljrevtynbc jhbubyfkc0 tc tzdc ,flt,c7 hjv ljrevtynb itbwfdc bcts afmnt,c7 hjvkt,bw flfcneht,ty SDBSVRDKTKJ,FC7 hfw fhfcfcehdtkbf rjrjc rjvbcbbcfsdbc8 @!8 rjrjc rjvbcbbc 3vtjht iefktleh vj[ctyt,fib4 fqybiyekbf5 3rbltd ths[tk lfcnehlt,f7 hjv ufchjkfc dth ufyf[jhwbtkt,lf sfdfl pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbf8 ptvjlfy mdtvjs lf obyblfy erybcrty vbvfdfkb ufvzjkb lfpbfyt,f sfdbc mfkbc vbvfhs bfhfqbc kekbc bcts gjpbwbfpt vbesbst,c7 hjvkbcufyfw cfresfhb sfdbc vbvfhs ufchjkbc ufy[jhwbtkt,f abpbrehfl itekt,tkbf48 hfnjvff .ehflqt,f ufvf[dbkt,ekb v[jkjl 3BFHFQBC KEKBC BCTS GJPBWBFPT4 lf hfnjv euekt,tk.jac rjvbcbf bvbc itcfkt,kj,fc7 hjv sfdb c[tekpt ahbfl vjhfdb rbchbc vfkt,bsff lfrfdibht,ekb lf7 hjv7 fvltyfl7 itcfkt,tkbf7 sdbsvrdktkc sfdb nfybc vbvfhs

LF,TZLTS TC RBS[DT,B LF SE ITE'KBF7 UFCWTC RJRJV FV RBS[DT,PT GFCE[B=

cfdct,bs ufvfhsekb fh /mjylf7 fye sfdb uflf[hbkb /mjylf0 @@8 smdtyb ufptsbcsdbc +3fcfdfk-lfcfdfkb4 @_!_7 %-!! bdkbcb` vbwtvek bynthdbeib7 gbhflfl itysfy cfe,fhib7 rjrj ufvcf[ehlbfv fo ufhlfwdkbk tmbv LFDBS ]FKFQJYBFPT7 hjvtkvfw ,fkpfvbht,f ufertsf ]b[firfhib ufvcf[ehlbfc w[tlfhc7 ufyfw[flf5 3abkvbc +3lbyt,bc cfobyffqvltujl4` itvmvytkb ]ueabc otdhvf YFSBF SJBTV byf[ekf tc gbhjdyt,f7 sevwf7 vfcsfy cfe,hbc xfyfothb fh fhct,j,c8 c[dfsfijhbc7 hjujhw yfsbf b[ctyt,c7 ,fnjyb ]fkfqjybf7 vbvt fdflv.jaj,bc ufvj7 itrbs[dt,pt fhffltrdfneh gfce[t,c cwtvlf48 hfnjv fh xfbothf abkvbc uflfvqt,vf ]ueavf fctsb vybidytkjdfyb vjovbc cfe,fhb7 hfsf [fk[c cfiefkt,f /mjyjlf7 sdbsjy uftrtst,byf lfcrdyf vbcb gfce[t,bc 3fhffltrdfnehj,fpt40 @#8 fvfdt lhjc 2 tmbv ]fkfqjybfc efqhtcfl afctekb lf cfbynthtcj bynthdbe ufvjmdt.yt,ekb fmdc ufpts 3vfvekc4 +!) jmn87 @__%8 1!)7 ud8 !$`8 bynthdbeib ]fkfqjybf ghjatcbekfl fqybiyfdc5 3pecnfl vfh]dtyf cfatsmkbc jlyfd lf,kf7 sdfkbc ufcodhbd vjxfylf itvfdfkb n.dbbc flubkb lf ufvjlbjlf vfhw[tyf v[fhtc7 erfy7 ldhbkbct,h vjhxib lf .dtkfathb ufvjyuhtekb /mjylf888 bfhfqb ptl cfatsmtkpt fh b.j vblt,ekb7 jlyfd ijhblfy fhbc yfchjkb888 sdfkbc ufcodhbd 'dfkb lfvndhtekb fh fhbc8 lfvodfhbw

rb fh b.j7 vfuhfv ltysbc yfrdfktdb itbvxytjlf48 frb hjcnjdbc tmcgthnbpbc lfcrdyfv ,ho.bydfktl lfflfcnehf tmbv ]fkfqjybfc cbn.dt,bc ztivfhbnt,f lf cbpecnt= [JV FH UF[LF TMBV ]FKFQJYBFC CBVFHSKT7 LFLFCNEHT,EKB HJCNJDBC TMCGTHNBPBC LFCRDYBS7 LF HJVTKBW FH FO.J,C RJRJC RJVBCBFC7 BVBC VBPTPB7 HJV FV FLFVBFYC F[KF RJRJ 3FHFFLTRDFNEHFL4 FW[FLT,C0 @$8 rjrjc rjvbcbbc 3vtjht iefktleh vj[ctyt,fib4 fqybiyekbf5 3rfhkj qehorfbfc xdtyt,f7 hjvtkbw vfy ufvjbt,fc !))) okbc % st,thdfkc vbcwf8 rthjl7 rfhkj qehorfbf fv,j,c5 3hjltcfw [tkb vjdrblt p8ufvcf[ehlbfc w[tlfhc7 bub ]th rbltd s,bkb b.j7 [tkb sfdpt vjdrblt lf dbuhtyb7 hjujh xfvbdfhlf7 rthjl7 sfdbc mfkbc erfyf vfhw[tyf flubkfc lblb lfpbfyt,f fqtybiyt,jlf7 'dfkb ufnt[bkb b.j48 ITRBS[DF5 hfnjv vbbxytdc rjvbcbf7 hjv fv itvs[dtdfib cfe,fhbf hjvtkbqfw 3vtjht4 yfn.dbfhbc [dhtkpt lf fhff cfe,fhb cojhtl bv thsflthsb n.dbbc ufvjcfcdktk [dhtkpt7 hjvtkcfw fqybiyfdlf tmbvb ]fkfqjybfw7 fqybiyfdlyty c[df vjovtt,bw lf fqybiyfdc hjcnjdbc tmcgthnbpbc lfcrdyfw 2 .dtkf tctyb ths[vfl flfcneht,ty7 hjv ufvjcfcdktkb [dhtkb cojhtl hjv sfdbc mfkbc vfhw[tyf lf erfyf flubkfc7 uyt,fds 2 erfyf vfhw[tyf flubkfc b.j0 @%8 rjrjc rjvbcbbc gbhdtk +iefktleh lfcrdyfib vrdktkj,bc lfvflfcneht,tk vybidytkjdfy afmnjhfl fqybiyekbf5 3SDBSVRDKTKVF VF.EXB UFVJB.TYF04 LF OTHBF5 3vf.exbc fhct,j,f7 se bub vfhskfw fhct,j,lf7 rbltd eahj itekt,tkc [lbc sdbsvrdktkj,bc dthcbfc8 kjubrehfl7 sdbsvrdktkc vf.exb fh czbhlt,f8 tc xdtekt,hbd7 czbhlt,f vrdktkc7 hjvtkcfw cehc7 lhjt,bs vfbyw lfafhjc vrdktkj,bc afmnb48 rjvbcbbc gbhdtk +iefktleh lfcrdyfib fuhtsdt fqybiyekbf7 hjv rjvbcbf vrdktkj,bc dthcbbc ufvfuht,fl vbbxytdc7 hjv5 3ghtpbltynbc vbvfhsekt,bs ufchjkf ufyt[jhwbtkt,byf7 vfufkbsfl7 ptvjs lfcf[tkt,ek cfv gbhc ijhbc hjvtkbvtc +vfhudtkfyb7 udfywtkft7 ueueidbkb fy seylfw cek c[df ewyj, gbhc lf itvlujvib sdbsvrdktkj,bc bvbnfwbbc vbpybs7 vrdktkj,bc bfhfqb xftlj ufhlfwdkbkbc [tkib48 vfuhfv rjrjc rjvbcbf 3vtjht iefktleh vj[ctyt,fib4 p8ufvcf[ehlbfc vrdktkt,bc vbth ofvt,bc7 vhfdfkb vjnt[bkj,bcf lf nhfdvt,bc vb.tyt,bc chekbfl f[fkb lf ufyc[dfdt,ekb dthcbbc lfvnrbwt,fc wlbkj,c= hjujh ittcf,fvt,f cfcnbrb lf7 rjvbcbbc fqothbs7 p8ufvcf[ehlbfc cfrvfjl [fyuhkbdb +lf eylf dbabmhjs 2 ahbfl [vfehbfyb ofvt,bc tc 3f[fkb4 dthcbf rjrjcf lf rjvbcbbc flhbyltk cf]fhj vnrbwt,t,c7 hjv ufvcf[ehlbfc vrdktkb fy vrdktkt,b xevfl7 itafhdbs vjmvtlt,lyty0 hjv sbsmjc vbfbytc ufvcf[ehlbfc sfyv[kt,yb lf c[df vcufdcb afynfcvfujhbt,b7 hfw vhfdkflff rjvbcbbc gbhdtk lfcrdyfcf lf rjvbcbbc otdht,bc cf]fhj ufvjcdkt,ib0 @^8 hjujhw wyj,bkbf7 cfmfhsdtkjc afmnj,hbdb [tkbceakt,bc t8o8 gfhkfvtynvf @__% okbc !! vfhnc vbbqj lflutybkt,f +N !!_$ 2 ic7 hjvtkibw fqybiyekbf5 3!8 cfmfhsdtkjc gfhkfvtynb rdkfd flfcneht,c !))_ okbc @( jmnjv,thc fhxtekb cfmfhsdtkjc eptyftcb cf,zjcf lf !))! okbc @^ vfbcc fhxtekb cfmfhsdtkjc ghtpbltynbc7 fuhtsdt vfslfvb lfmdtvlt,fht,ekb cnhemneht,bc +itbfhfqt,ekb 'fkt,bc xfsdkbs` lf flubkj,hbdb sdbsvvfhsdtkj,bcf lf vvfhsdtkj,bc jhufyjt,bc ktubnbvehj,fc cfsfyflj rfyjyvlt,kj,bs lflutybk dflt,ib8 itcf,fvbcfl7 uflfbcby]jc cbc[kbc cfvfhskbc cfmvtt,b bv gbhsf vbvfhs7 hjvtksf ,hfklt,f tv.fht,jlf vbsbst,ek cf[tkbceakt,j cnhemneht,ib vfs vjyfobktj,fc lf vfs gjkbnbreh vhofvcc48 ufvjvlbyfht ptvjht lflutybkt,blfy7 VBBXYTDC SE FHF RJVBCBF7 HJV CBRDLBKBC VJVTYNBCSDBC PDBFL UFVCF[EHLBF B.J CFMFHSDTKJC KTUBNBVEHB GHTPBLTYNB LF CFMFHSDTKJC KTUBNBVEHB VSFDHJ,F B.J VBYBCNHSF RF,BYTNB ,TCFHBJY UEUEIDBKBC VTSFEHJ,BS0 fv itrbs[dfc egfce[jy gbhlfgbh lf vjrktl 2 /j se fhf0 @*8 ufvjvlbyfht ptvjht lflutybkt,blfy 2 vbbxytdc se fhf rjvbcbf7 hjv pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc cbrdlbkbc vjvtynbcfsdbc cfmfhsdtkjc afmnj,hbdb [tkbceakt,f tlefhl itdfhlyfbc vtsfehj,bs fh b.j cfmfhsdtkjc ktubnbvehb [tkbceakt,f lf fvltyfl7 rhbvbyfkehb7 lfyfifekt,hbdb cnhemnehf b.j0 fctdt7 fv itrbs[dfc egfce[jy gbhlfgbh lf vjrktl 2 /j se fhf0 @(8 se rjvbcbf vbbxytdc7 hjv 3pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc cbrdlbkbc vjvtynbcfsdbc cfmfhsdtkjc afmnj,hbdb [tkbceakt,f tlefhl itdfhlyfbc vtsfehj,bs fh b.j cfmfhsdtkjc ktubnbvehb [tkbceakt,f lf fvlt-

24

UFUH'TKT,F @%-T UDTHLPT

@_!_ OKBC @ - ( FUDBCNJ 1 #! ~(@*`

UFVJODTDF

LFCFO.BCB @@-T UDTHLPT


yfl7 rhbvbyfkehb7 lfyfifekt,hbdb cnhemnehf b.j47 hfnjv fhff ofvjo.t,ekb cfvfhskt,hbdb ltdyf vskbfyfl cfmfhsdtkjc bvlhjbyltkb afmnj,hbdb [tkbceakt,bc vbvfhs7 hjujhw rhbvbyfkehb cnhemnehbc vbvfhs lf hfnjv itvjbafhukt,f rjvbcbf v[jkjl wfkrtekb gbht,bcflvb bynthtcbs0 @)8 tktmnhjyek vtlbfib erdt hfvltybvt otkboflbf7 ufvjmdt.yt,ekbf !))$ otkc pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc w[tlhbc cfmfhsdtkjlfy xtxytsib uflfcdtyt,bc cfthsfijhbcj rjvbcbbc veifj,bc dbltjljrevtynt,b 2 hjujhw xtxytsib7 fuhtsdt cfmfhsdtkjib8 fvbc vbe[tlfdfl lf pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc cbrdlbksfy lfrfdibht,ekb elbltcb f;bjnf;bc vbe[tlfdfl7 fhw rjvbcbfc lf fhw cfmfhsdtkjc ntktdbpbt,c fh epheybfs7 hfsf mfhsdtkb cfpjufljt,bcfsdbc uftwyjs fqybiyekb dbltjljrevtynt,b= hfnjv7 hf vbptpbsf lf cf,f,bs evfkfdty mfhsdtk cfpjufljt,hbj,fc rjrjc rjvbcbf lf cfmfhsdtkjc ntktdbpbbc fh[t,b fv cfrdfyj lf efqhtcfl vybidytkjdfy byajhvfwbfc0 #_8 hjujhw wyj,bkbf7 s,bkbcib pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc w[tlhbc uflfcdtyt,bcfc7 hectsbc atlthfwbbc xtxytsbc ghjrehjhvf DFKTHB REPYTWJDVF fhfths[tk ufyfw[flf5 . " , , . , , . repytwjdbc cbn.dt,bc itcf,fvbcfl 2 fmdc se fhf rjrjc rjvbcbfc vjgjdt,ekb byajhvfwbf bvbc itcf[t,7 se hf itltubs lfvsfdhlf xtxytsbc ghjrehfnehbc obyf cfufvjbt,j itvjovt,f + 7 bgjdf se fhf xtxytsbc ghjrehfnehfv 'fkflj,hbdb cbrdlbkbc ybiyt,b0 [jkj 2 se bgjdf 2 fqhf se fhf7 itcf,fvbcfl7 cfcfvfhskj cfmvt pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc 'fkflj,hbdb cbrdlbkbc ufvj0 hfnjv evfkfds xtxytsbc ghjrehfnehbc itvjovt,bc itltut,c mfhsdtk cfpjufljt,fc0 #!8 rjrj ufvcf[ehlbfv vfcvtlbfib fhfths[tk ufyfw[flf7 hjv 3pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbf cflbcnehfl lf[dhbntc !))# okbc @) ltrtv,thc48 VJBYF[F SE FHF RJRJC FV VJHBUB AFKCBABRFWBBC HFBVT LFLFCNEHT,F RJVBCBBC VBTH0 #@8 hfnjv fdhwtkt,ty rjrj ufvcf[ehlbf lf rjvbcbbc c[df otdht,b cbcntvfnehfl itevjovt,tk lf ahbfl cftzdj byajhvfwbt,c7 hjvkt,bw itvlujv fh vnrbwlt,f0 ##8 itcfkt,tkbf se fhf bv flfvbfybcf lf bctsb rjvbcbbc vbvfhs cfpjufljt,bc ylj,f7 hjvtkbw cbcntvfnehfl fdhwtkt,c itevjovt,tk lf vwlfh byajhvfwbfc0 #$8 rjrjc rjvbcbbc 3vtjht iefktleh vj[ctyt,fib4 fqybiyekbf7 hjv5 3ufhrdtekb vbptpt,bc7 vfs ijhbc gjkbnbrehb afmnjht,bc ufsdfkbcobyt,bs7 itbkt,f dbdfhfeljs7 hjv hjcnjdtkb tmcgthnb itcfkjf ituyt,ekfl levltc fv vtjht zhbkj,bc itcf[t,48 RJRJC RJVBCBF HJCNJDBC TMCGTHNBPBC LFCRDYFIB 3GJKBNBREH AFMNJHT,C4 V[JKJL BV ITVS[DTDT,IB [TLFDC7 HJLTCFW TC VRDKTKJ,BC DTHCBFC FH ITTCF,FVT,F LF FH FV.FHT,C0 SE PJUFLFL7 FY C[DF ITVS[DTDT,IBW [TLFDC0 RJYRHTNEKFL HJVTK C[DF ITVS[DTDT,IB XFYC RBLTD TC 3GJKBNBREHB AFMNJHB40 #%8 rjrjc rjvbcbbc ljrevtynt,cf lf rjvbcbbc otdht,bc cf]fhj ufvjcdkt,ib [ibhflff cfe,fhb bv lfpbfyt,t,pt7 hjvkt,bw ytinc uffxybf hjcnjdbc tmcgthnbpbc lfcrdybc itcf,fvbcfl8 vfuhfv vfs fhwths[tk fh e[ctyt,bfs7 se hf vlujvfhtj,fib b.j re,j7 hjvtkibw p8ufvcf[ehlbf uhjpyjib bgjdtc= fhw bvfpt cfe,hj,ty7 se hfjlty 'kbthfl b.j uhjpyjib p8ufvcf[ehlbfc cfakfdb lf,jv,bkb8 fvfdt lhjc7 p8ufvcf[ehlbfc s,bkbcib uflvjcdtyt,bc lhjc hectsbc ntktdbpbbs yfxdtyt, rflht,ib rfhufl itbvxytjlf bcbw7 hjv cfakfdbc nthbnjhbf vskbfyfl vbofcsfy b.j ufcojht,ekb lf,jv,dt,bs lf hjv re,j vskfl xfktobkb b.j8 tc fqybiyekbf p8ufvcf[ehlbfc ytinbc tmc/evfwbbc ljrevtynibw7 hjvtkbw uhjpyjib xtxytsbc ghjrehfnehbc vbth vjvpfllf8 hf vbpybs evfkfdc rjrjc rjvbcbf fcts cfrdfyj7 fhct,bs lf vybidytkjdfy byajhvfwbfc mfhsdtk cfpjufljt,fc0 l FB7 TC FHBC BC ITRBS[DT,B7 HJVKT,BW GFNBJCFYVF7 VJFPHJDYT LF FYFKBPBC EYFHBFYVF ;EHYFKBCNT,VF FEWBKT,KFL EYLF LFECDFY RJRJC RJVBCBFC LF DYF[JS7 LFDTKJLJS7 HF GFCE[C UFCWTVC RJRJC VFBVEYEHB RJVBCBF FV RBS[DT,C888 tcfe,hf
ubjhub vfvfwfidbkb

yfvldbkfl ijhc dfhs bv bkepbbcufy7 hjv smdty fv vfcfkfc ufvjfmdt.yt,s7 vfuhfv ufxevt,fw hjv fqfh itbkt,f7 dbvtljdyt,s7 fvfib vfbyw lfudtsfy[vt,bs= erdt vthfvltytl dbcvtys t8 itdfhlyfbc ecfaedkj ,hfklt,t,c7 of.tyt,ekc cfmfhsdtkjc thsflthsb7 dbvtjht,s7 cfmfhsdtkjc thsflthsb ktubnbvehb ghtpbltynbc7 ,fnjy pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc vbvfhs8 fhf udujybf7 3vcjakbj ljybc gjkbnbrjcb4 bvltyfl ufesdbswyj,btht,tkb b.jc cfthsfijhbcj cfvfhskbc ghbywbgt,ib7 hjv ufyc[dfdt,fc dth [tlfdltc mdt.ybc rfyjybth ghtpbltync7 ,fnjy pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfcf lf htwblbdbcnt,bc7 mehlt,bcf lf rhbvbyfkt,bc vbth 3fqpfdt,ek4 mdt.ybc lt afmnj ghtpbltyn tlefhl itdfhlyftc ijhbc= dfb hjv7 bwbc7 lf cojhtl fvbnjvfwff7 fct e[dfl hjv fahmdtdc vbcb vbcfvfhsbs i[fvcf lf ,fkqfvc888 vjlbs7 'dbhafcj vrbs[dtkj7 rbltd ths[tk uflfdfdkjs sdfkb t8 itdfhlyfbc 3vfhufkbnt,c45 3fhf7 tc jvb ofut,ekb fh b.j7 ofdfuts vfc itvltu7 hfw pdbflb uhjpyjlfy xfvjahbylf lf sfdbcb vjv[htt,b cj[evblfy ufb.dfyf=4 bct ubw[jyjs qvthsvf vrdlfhb lf wjw[fkb7 tc hjv cbvfhsktc ittcf,fvt,f888 ,fnjyj t8 itdfhlyftd7 fa[fptsbc jvb hjv lfcfo.bcibdt ofut,ekb b.j lf sfyfw 'fkbfy vbvt itltut,bs7 3vcjakbj ljybc gjkbnbrjcvf4 fh bwjlbs0= FYLF SMDTYB VFCJYB VTUJ,HT,BCF LF SMDTYB CFSF.DFYJ UFTHJ-LFY +FUHTHBUFL HJV UB.DFHLFS VBCB [CTYT,F` BYCNHEMWBT,C HJV BQT,LBS7 SMDTYB CFVIJ,KJCSDBC HJV LFVQEGDTKB BMYT,JLF7 DTHW FVFC [DLT,JLBS0= SEVWF HFC DFV,J, 2 CFVIJ,KJJ0= FHCT,J,LF RB JLTCVT TC WYT,F SMDTYC FPHJDYT,FIB088 bvfcfw ituf[ctyt,s7 hjv 3fcfdfk-lfcfdfkbc4 ths-ths eahj flhbyltk yjvthib7 ,fnjyj tlefhl7 sfdfl fqybiyts 2 3pdbflbcnt,b fa[fptsc fafht,lyty sfdcj4888 jvbc lfo.t,bc 'bhbsflb vbptpbwcojhtl tc uf[klfs8 smdtyb vbpfyb [jv thsflthsb b.j7 cf,jkjjl fvjutbhrdfs thjdyekb wyj,btht,f mfhsdtk gfnhbjnsf bv yfobkib7 pdbflbcnt,c hjv udtf[bs7 lfyfhxtyyb rb cfidbkbidbkjl lfutibyt,byfs8 rdkfdfw fh ubylfs7 lfbyf[js7 hjv 3pdbflbpvb4 cfvij,kjc cb.dfhekcf lf thsuekt,fc ybiyfdc&Bvfjf smdtyb lf smdtyb vtuj,fhb vfcjyt,bc ,hjkf thjdyekb cfmfhsdtkjc obyffqvltu7 hflufyfw bub 3uf,ho.bylt,f erfyfcrytk ;fvc=4 sjhtv7 f,f hf lfwdf czbhlt,jlf hrbybupfc0 hrbybupbcf lf7 cfthsjl7 mdt.ybc lfwdf vtht uf[lf fewbkt,tkb7 3v[tlhbjybc4 ,fylt,b hjv itecbts ]th fa[fptsc7 itvltu cfvtuhtkjc lf fhyf[ekb cbcfcnbrbs [esupbc lffkfimhbyts tc ekfvfptcb res[t= vbpfyb rdkfd bubdt b.j 2 pdbflbcnt,bc ufyflueht,f8 ufvjn.lbs7 hjv itltuc vfbyw dth vbfqobts lf fct ufivfut,bs cojhtl bvbnjvfw t,hdbs cfmfhsdtkjc ztivfhbn vfvekbidbkc= cfcfwbkjf7 cfnbhfkb hjv fh b.jc5 fa[fptsbcjvbc ofut,f pdbflbc ,hfkbfj=== sevwf7 ]j,c7 ofhcekc uflfd[tljs lf vjdb.dfyjs hfvltybvt tgbpjlb smdtyb w[jdht,blfy8 lft7 rbltd ths[tk ufb[ctyjc mfhsdtkvf vrbs[dtkvf smdtyb 3cfmvtyb cfuvbhjyb4= f,f7 smdty bwbs7 dbykj bcbybw pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc uflff,hfkjs8888 VFI FCT5 !8 vfcjyb itdfhlyfbc7 lf fhf thjdyekb uvbhbc ,fnjy pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc7 ,hfyt,bs cbwjw[ktc ufvjfcfkvtc f[fkufphlf mfhsdtkj gfnhbjnb7 eybzbthtcb ;ehyfkbcnb yfpb ifvfyfehb8 @8 smdtyb eiefkj ,hfyt,bs7 s,bkbcib7 ths-ths rjycgbhfwbek ,byfib ths qfvtib vjcgtc !)( mfhsdtkb 2 cfvij,kjc cb.dfhekbs uekfyst,ekb f[fkufphlf df;rfwt,b7 hjvtksfw xdtyb mdt.ybc cb.dfhekib eqfv-estylt,jlfs8 tc lfyfifekb rb7 hjujhw .dtkf c[df7 smdtyvf [tkmdtbst,vf vbxmvfktc lf evrfwhtcb nf,ew lffltc 2 cfmfhsdtkjc vjcf[ktj,bc .e-

LFUDBFYT,EKB GFCE[B TLEFHL ITDFHLYF'TC FVTHBRBC ITTHST,EKB INFNT,BLFY=


hfvlt hjv fhfcjltc vbcekb.j888 sevwf7 ufhoveyt,s7 hjv tc fv,fdbw c[df lfyfifekj,t,sfy thsfl vfkt ufw[fllt,f888 #8 smdtyb eiefkj ,hfyt,bs vjrktc vbybcnhsf cf,zjc sfdv]ljvfht pehf, gfnfhbt7 hflufyfw bc qbhctekb mfhsdtkb b.j lf smdtyc ,tdh ifd,ytk cfmvtc tobyffqvltut,jlf8 cojhtl fvbnjvfw vjbijhts sfdblfy8 $8 fctdt smdtyb7 lf fhf pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc ,hfyt,bs vjrktc @^ rjvbcht,bc hfbjybc fqvfchekt,tkb rjvbntnbc sfdv]ljvfht BEPF RJ,F[BT7 hjvtkbw ,byt,bc ufwtvfcsfy lfrfdibht,bs dbsjvlf mhsfvbc fqt,fib b.j v[bkt,ekb8 cbyfvldbktib rb7 ,fnjyj tlefhl7 vfc vjhbub ,byehb cfmvt iterdtsts8 b8rj,f[btv rb7 hjujhw qbhctekvf flfvbfyvf7 efhb ufyubw[flfs lf vstkvf cfmfhsdtkjv bwbc7 hjujhw lffchekf cbwjw[kt8 %8 fctdt smdtyc rbcthptf t8o8 3sdbsvahbyfdbc ufvnfwt,kt,bc47 3]byct,bc sfj,bc4 eybzbthtcb f[fkufphlt,bcf lf vqdlkbc vfvf stdljhtc lf[dhtnf888 ^8 smdty b.fdbs eiefkj itvrdtsb ) FGHBKBC CBC[KBFYB NHFUTLBBCF LF FCTDT SMDTYC RBCTHPTF CFVIJ,KJC SFDBCEAKT,BCSDBC LFQEGEKB @! F[FKUFPHLBC CBC[KB lf v[esfdb ufpbs vjofvkekb fsfcj,bs mfhsdtkbc wjldf888 *8 smdtyb eiefkj ,hfyt,bs vjrktc thjdyekb uvbhb7 cfvij,kjcsdbc yfofvt,b hfbylb7 vthf, rjcnfdf888 [jkj bhfrkb rjcnfdfc 2 vthf, rjcnfdfc df;c 2 ,hfkfl lfclts 2 sfdb vjbrkfj7 cbyfvldbktib rb cer-bc futynt,c vjfrdktdbyts888 (8 fctdt fh lfbylts thjdyekb vjhfj,bc ofhvjvflutytkb pehf, zfdzfdft888 )8 smdtyb eiefkj ,hfyt,bs lffv[tc cfmfhsdtkjc thsflthsb rfyjybthb ghtpbltynb PDBFL RJYCNFYNBYTC 'T UFVCF[EHLBF lf thjdyekb [tkbceakt,f ,fknbybc ]fhbc7 ltvjrhfnbekb fvthbrbc7 smdtyb vjyf-vjhxbkb lf smdtyc vbth itmvybkb t8o8 3obstkb byntkbutywbbcf4 lf mfhsdtksvjekt vfymehsb genxbcnt,bcf lf rhbvbyfkehb ,fylt,bc ufvj.tyt,bs888 !_8 fctdt smdtyb ,hfyt,bs b.j7 hjv !))@ okbc bfydfh-st,thdfkib thjdyekb rfyjybthb [tkbceakt,bc v[fhlfvzth [fk[vhfdfk vbnbyut,pt lf[dhbntc vhfdfkb gfnhbjnb mfhsdtkb7 vfs ijhbc !$ okbc vtlhjit VFVERF NTHFIDBKB=== efvhfdb mfhsdtkb wb[tib ufvjfrtnbyts7 yfobkvf rb cfpqdfhufhts ufmwtdbs eidtkf sfdc7 cflfw7 smdtyb idbkt,bc atityt,tkehb w[jdht,bc cnbkbcfufy ufyc[dfdt,bs7 tvbuhfynbc vbvt [dtlhb ufbpbfhtc lf lqtcfw smdtyb lf smdtyb yfibthbc v8 cffrfidbkbc erfyjyj7 [eynbc cfvfhsfkvtvrdblht ht;bvbcufy cfvij,kjc lfcf[cytkfl rdkfdfw cbwjw[ktc fh pjufdty=== !!8 smdty7 vcjakbjib wyj,bkvf vfcjyvf7 mfhsdtksvjekt itdfhlyftv cfmfhsdtkjc vjerkf vbcb sfdbceakt,bcsdbc qdsbdvjdktybkb ghtpbltynb7 ,fnjyb pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbf lf cfmfhsdtkj ,fhf,fc ]j]j[tseh upfc ufe.tyf7 hfcfw fct vofhtl dbvrbs7 futh erdt sdhfvtnb otkbf=== !@8 fctdt smdtyb ,hfyt,bs vjrktc cf-

RDBHBC AJCNF

mfhsdtkjc htcge,kbrehb ,fyrbc vvfhsdtkb7 rfwehb rfwb7 ertsbkij,bktcb htpj ldfkbidbkb=== !#8 ufobhts lf cfcbrdlbkjl ufbvtnts cjkbrj [f,tbidbkb= !$8 smdtyb eiefkj ,hfyt,bs vjrktc thjdyekb vjhfj,bc ofhvjvflutytkb ubf zfynehbf7 hjvtkbw7 c[dfsfijhbc7 ]th ufvjb.tyts thjdyek vjhfj,fib ufy[tsmbkt,bc itcfnfyfl lf itvltu cfthsjl vjbijhts sfdblfy=== !%8 vfcjyehb vcjakbjc v[fhlfzthbs7 uf[lbs hf cfmfhsdtkjc lt afmnj ghtpbltynb7 smdtyb eiefkj ,hfyt,bs itdfhlyty rbnjdfy-cbuef-bjctkbfybc ,fylajhvbht,t,b fa[fptsib7 hfcfw bctsb cbc[kbcvqdhtkb jvb vj/.df7 hjv fsb fsfcpt vtnb mfhsdtkbc cbwjw[kt itbobhf888 fct vjeo.dts utyjwblb cfresfh [fk[c=== !^8 fa[fptsib fctdt evjo.fkjl ufobhts mfhsdtkb gfnhbjnb ;bekb ifhnfdf=== !*8 fh lfbylts fuhtsdt yeupfh cf]fbf lf sfdblfy vjbijhts bub v[jkjl bvbnjv7 hjv vjvcoht lf vjyfobkt b.j smdtyb ifd,ytkb7 vjqfkfntj,hbdb cfmvtt,bcf= !(8 smdtyb eiefkj ,hfyt,bs ]th cfcnbrfl fofvtc7 [jkj itvltu vjrktc ybzbthb ;ehyfkbcnb ubjhub cfyfbf=== 'DBHAFCJ VRBS[DTKJ7 FV CBBC UFUHTKT,F RDKFDFW ITBKT,F7 VFUHFV FV]THFL TC DBRVFHJS8 thsb rbf7 hjv7 ,fnjyj itdfhlyftd7 smdty itfchekts lf ahbflpt ufyf[jhwbtkts .dtkfathb7 hfw lfdfkt,ekb umjylfs fvthbrtkb vfcjyt,bc7 ,ei-,tbrth-cjhjc-rkbynjyt,bc vbth lf vbpyfl cfmfhsdtkjc lfmwtdfufyflueht,fc bcf[fdlf888 sevwf7 fcfrvf ubvn.eyfs7 hbc ufvjw bvfdt vfcjysf lfdfkt,bs [tkbceakt,f 3kfyuhbs vbfhsdbs4 smdtycfdt ufvjphlbkcf lf fctdt mfhsdtksf cbc[kpt lfutibk vb[tbk cffrfidbkc7 udfhuflfrtst,ek cffrbfycf se cffrjdc7 tc xdtypt erts smdty vjut[ctyt,fs=== vb[tbk cffrfidbkvf lf vbcvf ,fylfv smdtyb [tkvqdfytkj,bs eacrhekib uflfxt[f cfmfhsdtkj=== fmdt fewbkt,kfl thsb hfvtw eylf fqbybiyjc7 hjv ,jkj okt,bc ufyvfdkj,fib7 ufpts 3fcfdfk-lfcfdfkbc4 .dtkf yjvthib cgtwbfkehb udthlb fmdc lfsvj,bkb bynthdbet,c ,fnjy itdfhlyftcsfy7 cflfw bub ifycc fh eidt,c lf sbsmvbc .jdtksdbc xdtekb ,jqvbs vjb[ctybt,c ,fnjy pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfc lf cek f[fk-f[fk wbkbcofvt,t,c fw[j,c8 fvbc vbptpb ptvjs rb vjuf[ctyts7 vfuhfv thsb hfv vfbyw udbrdbhc5 LQTDFYLTKB HXTEKB MFHSDTKB CFPJUFLJT,F +,-Y TKBP,FH ]FDTKBBC UFHLF DFBJGJPBWBFCSFY THSFL FCTSB CBXEVBS [DLT,F ITDFHLYFBC ECFAEDKJ ,HFKLT,T,C7 OF.TYT,EKC CFMFHSDTKJC RFYJYBTHB GHTPBLTYNBC VBVFHS8 sevwf7 cfrdbhdtkbw7 fk,fs7 fhfathbf7 vfsb lblb yfobkb t8o8 3obstk byntkbutywbfcsfy4 thsfl [jv pjub cbn.dbs lf pjubw n.dbbs t,hjlf cfmfhsdtkjc htcge,kbrbc eptyftc thjdyek [tkbceakt,fc=== cfvoe[fhjl7 vbe[tlfdfl fctsb nfy]ekb7 lfvwbht,ekb .jabcf7 vfs lbl yfobkc rdkfdfw dth ufefpht,bf bc nhfutlbf7 hfvfw xdtyb mdt.fyf fv ljytvlt vbb.dfyf& rb uf[kfdsrftc yjybtht,bc lfyuhtdf cfmfhsdtkjib===

tc othbkb erdt vpfl b.j7 hjv7 ,fnjyj itdfhlyftd7 smdtyb vjhbub 3vfhufkbnb4 ufvjxylf ufpts 3fcfdfk-lfcfdfkbc4 @(-t yjvthib8 fa[fptsb fh frvfhts lf f[kf cfvfxf,kjc ghj,ktvt,ibw wbkc cofvt,s cfmfhsdtkjc ktubnbveh ghtpbltync lf bctlfw lfvbvt,ek cekc rbltd eahj vtnfl bvbvt,s888 hf ubs[hfs0 n.ebkfl bh]t,bs7 hfvtse pdbfl ufvcf[ehlbfv 3lbyt,bc cfobyffqvltuj wehdbs4 rfhuf [fybf7 lfbvrdblhf qbhctekb flubkb fhfvfhnj mfhsek7 fhfvtl vcjakbj gjkbnbrfibw===

VFHBFV RJHBYSTKB7 YBYJ TDUTYB"T7 UBJHUB WB[BCSFDB7 ,THLBF QELEIFEHB7 UTUF .FP,TUB
j/fbj7 vfcfxectncb

@_!_ OKBC @ - ( FUDBCNJ 1 #! ~(@*`

25

Minat Terkait