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### Area

The size of a surface!

Area is the amount of space inside the boundary of a flat object (such as a square or circle). Example:

These shapes all have the same area of 9:

### Area of Plane Shapes

There are special formulas for certain shapes:

Example: What is the area of this rectangle? The formula is:

Area = w × h w =width h = height The breadth is 5, and the height is 3, so we know w = 5 and h = 3. So:

Area = 5 × 3 = 15

### Finding Area by Counting Squares

You can count the number of squares to find an area.

This rectangle has an area of 15 If each square was 1 cm on a side, then the area would be 15 cm2 (15 square cm)

The squares may not match the shape exactly, so you will need to "approximate" an answer. One way is:

more than half a square counts as 1 less than half a square counts as 0 Like this:

This pentagon has an area of approximately 17

Or just use your eyes and count a whole square when the areas seem to add up, like with this circle, where the area marked "4" seems equal to about 1 whole square (also for "8"):

This circle has an area of approximately 14