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» Mr. Lim Kian Boon » Mathematics lecturer » Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris

**A Few Words Before Start
**

» Mathematics Lead, Technology Support. » Use calculator to

˃Find solution. ˃Help student understand mathematics concept. ˃Check answer.

**Can we use Casio fx-570ES calculator in SPM?
**

» YES. Please refer the following document. » SURAT PEKELILING IKHTISAS BIL. 3/2002 :

˃Pelaksanaan Kalkulaltor Saintifik di Sekolah Menengah Bagi Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Matamata Pelajaran Matematik dan Matematik Tambahan

**Why use new model (570ES)?
**

» » » » More function (Table, Summation of function) Natural Display List –based STAT Data Editor http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uo8GOTk 3YV4

**Check your calculator
**

» http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-diu3GnBEE » Switch on your calculator, » Press qW7 buttons at the same time » Press q button for 5 times » Press C button for 2 times » Press qQE$w » Press ry!Run aand so on until the p button. And press the W button after that.

Calculation Modes

Press w to display the mode menu:

To perform this type of calculation: Basic arithmetic calculations Complex number calculations Statistical and regression calculations Calculation involving specific number systems (binary, octal, decimal, hexadecimal) Solution of equations Matrix calculations

Select this mode COMP CMPLX STAT BASE-N EQN MATRIX

Generation of a number table based on an expression Vector calculations

TABLE VCT

Alternate Function

» Pressing the q orQkey followed by a second key performs the alternate function of the second key. » The alternate function is indicated by the text printed above the key.

Alternate function, sin-1, call by pressing qj Alternate function D, call by pressing Qj D, call by pressing j in BASE-N Mode

Keycap function

Alternate Function

If key marking text is this color: Yellow It means this: Press q and then the key to access the applicable function. Red Press Q and then the key to access the applicable function. Purple (or enclosed in purple brackets) Enter the CMPLX Mode to access the function. Green (or enclosed in green brackets) Enter the BASE-N Mode to access the function Enclosed in black brackets Enter either STAT, MATRIX or VECTOR Mode to access the function

Configuring the Calculator Setup qw(SETUP)

**Specifying the Input/Output Format
**

For this Input/Output Format: Perform this key operation Math Linear qw1 (MthlO) qw2 (LinelO)

**Specifying the Default Angle Unit
**

To specify this as the default angle unit: Perform this key operation:

Degrees Radians Grads

qw3 (Deg) qw4 (Rad) qw5 (Gra)

**Specifying the Decimal Point Display Format
**

To specify the decimal point display format: Dot (.) Comma (,) Perform this key operation: qw 5 (Disp) 1 (Dot) qw 5 (Disp) 2 (Comma)

**Specifying the Fraction Display Format
**

To specify this fraction display Perform this key operation: format: Mixed Improper qw 1 (ab/c) qw 2 (d/c)

**Specifying the Complex Number Display Format
**

To specify this complex number format:

Rectangular Coordinates Polar Coordinates

**Perform this key operation:
**

qw 3 (CMPLX) 1 (a+bi) qw 3 (CMPLX) 2

**Specifying the Statistical Display Format
**

To specify this: Show FREQ Column Hide FREQ Column Perform this key operation: qw 4 (STAT) 1 (ON) qw 4 (STAT) 2 (OFF)

**Specifying the Number of Display Digits
**

To specify this: Number of Decimal Places Number of Significant Digits Exponential Display Range Perform this key operation: qw6 (Fix) 0-9 qw7 (Sci) 0-9 qw8 (Norm) 1 (Norm1) or 2 (Norm2)

Norm: Selecting one of the two available settings (Norm1, Norm2) determines the range in which results will be displayed in non-exponential format. Outside the specified range, results are displayed using exponential format. Norm1: |x|<10-2, |x|≥1010 Norm2: |x|<10-9, |x|≥1010

Display Indicators

This Indicator: S Means this: The keypad has been shifted by pressing theq key. The keypad will unshift and this indicator will dissapear when you press a key. The alpha input mode has been entered by pressing the Q key. The alpha input mode will be exited and this indicator will dissapear when you press a key. There is a value stored in independent memory. The calculator is standing by for input of a variable name to assign a value to the variable. This indicator appears after you press qJ (STO). The calculator is standing by for input of a variable name to recall the variable’s value. This indicator appears after you press J.

A

M STO

RCL

STAT CMPLX MAT VCT

The calculator is in the STAT mode. The calculator is in the CMPLX Mode. The calculator is in the MATRIX Mode. The calculator is in the VECTOR Mode. The default angle unit is degrees. The default angle unit is radians. The default angle unit is grads. A fixed number of decimal places is in effect. A fixed number of significant digits is in effect. Math style is selected as the input/output formal.

D

R G FIX SCI Math

Calculation history memory data is available and can be replayed, or there is more data above/below the current screen.

Disp The display currently shows an intermediate result of a multi-statement calculation.

**Using Engineering Notation b
**

» A simple key operation transforms a displayed value to engineering notation.

Exercise1 0.034 7 1.7 10 A 2 10-5 C 2 10-8

B 2 10-6 D 2 10-9

Exercise 2

Given that 0.000 000 067 m X 10 , where m X 10 is a number in standard form. State the value of m and n. A m 6.7, n -8 B m 6.7, n 8 C m 67, n -9 D m 67, n 9

n n

Exercise 3:

» The total population of Malaysia in the year 2000 is 23.27 million. It is given that the number of people who are 65 years of age and above is 3.9% of the total population. Calculate the number of people who are below 65 years of age. [1 million = 106] A 1.42 X 105 B 1.42 X 107 C 2.24 X 105 D 2.24 X 107

Using S-D Transformation n

» You can use S-D transformation to transform a value between its decimal (D) form and its standard (S) form (fraction, π)

1 1 Exercise 4 : Calculate 1 2 2 3 Exercise 5 : Calculate 2 8

Trigonometric Function and Solution of Triangles

**Values of sin45°, cos45°, tan45° 1
**

cos 45 a h 1 2 1 2

11

11

1

2 2

2 2

cos 45

2 2

sin 45

2 2

tan 45

1

**Values of sin30°, cos30°, tan30°, sin60°, cos60°, tan60°
**

2

√3

1

cos 30 cos 60

3 2 1 2

sin 30 sin 60

1 2 3 2

tan 30 tan 60

3 3 3

Exercise 6

Using the values of the trigonometric ratios of the angles 30 , 45 and 60 , find the value of each of the following trigonometric functions. State your answer in terms of surds. (Sqr roots) (a) sin(135 ) 7 (b) cos rad 4 (c) tan(150 )

Rectangular-Polar Coordinate Conversion

Pol(x,y) Rec(r,θ)

Rectangular Coordinates (Rec)

Polar Coordinates (Pol)

Exercise 7

» Find the value of r and θ.

r

4

θ 3

Exercise 8

» Find the value of x and y.

12 y

60° x

Quadratic Equations and Simultaneous Equations

**Equation Calculations (EQN)
**

All calculations in this section are performed in the EQN Mode (w5)

Equation Types

An equation type menu appears when you press w5 (EQN) and enter the EQN Mode

Key 1 Menu Item anX + bnY = cn Equation Type Simultaneous Linear Equations with two Unknowns Simultaneous Equations with Three Unknowns Quadratic Equation Cubic Equation

2 3 4

anX + bnY + cnZ = dn aX2 + bX + c = 0 aX3 + bX2 + cX + d = 0

**Changing the Current Equation Type Setting
**

Press w5 (EQN) to re-enter the EQN Mode. This clears all current EQN Mode input and displays the equation type menu described above.

Inputting Coefficients

Use the coefficient editor screen to input the coefficients of an equation. The coefficient editor screen shows input cells for each of the coefficients required by the currently selected equation type.

Simultaneous linear equations with two unknowns

Quadratic equations

Exercise 9

» Determine the nature of the roots of the following quadratic equations . Solve the Quadratic Equation if root exist.

(a) 2 x (b) x

2

2

9x 5 0 8 x 16 0 5x 9 0

(c) 2 x

2

Exercise 10

» Solve the following simultaneous equation.

X 2Y 6 2 X 5Y 8

Exercise 11

Solve the simultaneous equations h - 4f = -3 and f + hf - 3h = 0. Give your answers correct to three decimal places.

Statistics And Normal Distribution

**Using the STAT Menu
**

While the STAT editor screen or STAT calculation screen is on the display, press q1(STAT) to display the STAT menu. The content to the STAT menu depends on whether the currently selected statistical operation type uses a single variable or paired variables.

Single-variable Statistics Paired-variable Statistics

**STAT Menu Items Common Items
**

Select this menu item: 1Type 2Data 3Edit 4Sum 5Var When you want to do this: Display the statistical calculation type selection screen Display the STAT editor screen Display the Edit sub-menu for editing STAT editor screen contents Display the Sum sub-menu of commands for calculating sums Display the Var sub-menu of commands for calculating the mean, standard deviation, etc. Display the MinMax sub-menu of commands for obtaining maximum and minimum values.

6MinMax

**Single-variable Menu Item
**

Select this menu When you want to do this: item: 7Distr Display the Distr sub-menu of commands for normal distribution calculations •For more information, see “Distr Submenu”.

**Paired-variable Menu Item
**

Select this menu item: When you want to do this:

7Reg

Display the Reg sub-menu of commands for regression calculations • For details see “Commands when Linear Regression Calculation (A+BX) is Selected” and “Commands when Quadratic Regression Calculation (_+CX2 ) Is Selected”.

**Single Variable (1-VAR) Statistical Calculation Commands
**

The following are the commands that appear on the sub-menus that appear when you select 4(Sum), 5(Var), 6(MinMax), or 7(Distr) on the STAT menu while a single-variable statistical calculation type is selected.

**Sum Sub-menu (q1(STAT)4(Sum))
**

Select this menu item: 1 2 When you want to obtain this: Sum of squares of the sample data Sum of the sample data

**Var Sub-menu (q1(STAT)5(VAR))
**

Select this menu item: 1 2 3 4 When you want to obtain this: Number of samples Mean of the sample data Population standard deviation Sample standard deviation

x n 1 x x n x n x x n x x n 1

2 2

**MinMax Sub-menu (q1(STAT)6(MinMax))
**

Select this menu item:

1min X 2max X

**When you want to obtain this:
**

Minimum value Maximum value

Distr Sub-menu (q1(STAT)7(Distr)) 1P( 2Q( 3R( 4

This menu can be used to calculate the probability of standard normal distribution. Normalizad variate t is calculated with the expression shown below, using the mean value ( ) and population standard deviation value ( ) obtained from the data input on the STAT editor screen.

Exercise 12

Table below show the ages of eight employees of a small company. Find the mean and standard deviation.

53

32

61

27

39

44

49

57

Exercise 13

Table below shows the number of children in a family. Calculate the mean and standard deviation. Number of children, c Frequency [no of houses]

0 1 2 3 4 5

8 10 7 5 1 2

Exercise 14

Table below shows the frequency distribution of the marks of a group of students. Calculate the mean and standard deviation of the marks. Marks 1 - 10 11 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 40 41 - 50 Number of Students 5 8 20 10 7

Exercise 15

» Evaluate

:

(a)P( z > 2.25 ) (b)P( z > -1.54 ) (c)P( z < -2.38 ) (d)P( z < 0.78 ) (e)P( 0 < z < 2.53 ) (f)P( -1.32 < z < 0 ) (g)P( -1.32 < z < 2.53 ) (h)P( -2.76 < z < 1.65 ) (i) P(0.76 < z < 1.65) (j) P(-2.76 < z < -1.65)

Matrix Calculation

**Matrix Menu Items
**

The following are the menu items on the matrix menu that appears when you press q4(MATRIX)

Select this menu item: When you want to do this

1Dim 2Data

3MatA 4MatB 5MatC 6MatAns 7Det 8Trn

Select a matrix (MatA, MatB, MatC) and specify its dimension Select a matrix (MatA, MatB, MatC) and display its data on the matrix editor screen

Input “MatA” Input “MatB” Input “MatC” Input “MatAns” Input the “det(” function for obtaining the determinant Input the “Trn(” function for obtaining a tranposed data in Matrix

Exercise 16

Given the matrices A (a) Calculate A B. (b) Calculate A - B. (c) Calculate AB and BA. (d) Find the determinant of matrix A. (e) Find the inverse of matrix A. (f) Find the transpose of matrix A. 7 2 3 5 B 9 11 5 4 .

Base-n Calculation

**Number Base Setting and Value Input
**

Use the keys listed below to specify the number base. The key markings used in this section are the ones that are above each key, on the right.

Key DEC

HEX BIN OCT

**Number Base Decimal
**

Hexadecimal Binary Octal

**Screen Indicator Dec
**

Hex Bin Oct

» The current number base setting is indicated in the second line of the display. » The initial default number base setting when you enter the BASE-N Mode is always decimal. (DEC)

**Specifying the Base during Input
**

The BASE-N Mode lets you override the current default number base setting and input a particular value using a different base. When inputting the value press q3 (BASE) to display page two of the BASE menu, and then press the number key that corresponds to the base you want to specify.

Press this key: 1(d) 2(h) To specify this number base: Decimal (Base 10) Hexadecimal (Base 16)

3(b) 4(o)

Binary (Base 2) Octal (Base 8)

The key operation below shows how to input a value of 3 using the decimal number base, for example.

Exercise 17

(a)Express 7510 as a number in base two. (b)Express 18710 as a number in base eight. (c)Express 1001102 as a number in base ten. (d)Express 1578 as a number in base ten. (e)Express 238 as a number in base two. (f)Find the value of 110012 + 11012 – 1012. (g)Find the value of 11012 + 658 – 4310 in base ten. (h)State the value of the digit 5 in the number 25468 in base ten.

Integration and Differentiation

Exercise 18

(3 x 3 4)( x 2 x 2 ) with respect dy to x. Find the value of given that x 1. dx 2 ( x 2) (b) Differentiate y with respect to x. ( x 1) dy Find the value of given that x 2. dx (c) Show that two of the stationary points of (a) Differentiate y f(x) x 3 18x 2 96 x 18 are at x 4 and x 8.

Exercise 19

(a) Determine the area of the region bounded by y 6 x x 2 , x - axis, x 0 and x 5. (b) Determine the area of the region bounded by y x( x 3)( x 7), x - axis, x 0 and x 7.

15

A

A

343 ? 12

99 160 4 3 937 12

10 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 -25 0 1 2 3

A1

| A2 |

4 5

160 3

6 7 8

A1

99 4

A2

Exercise 20

Calculate the volume of the solid generated when the shaded region in the diagram is revolved through 360 about the x - axis.

y

y=x2-8x+18

2

7

x

Graph of function

Exercise 21: Complete the following Table in the answer space for the equation y=x3-4x+9 by writing the values of y when x = -1 and x = 2.

x y -3 -6 -2 9 -1 0 9 1 6 2 3 24 3.5 37.9 4 57

The End… Thanks.

Email: limkianboon@gmail.com

Reference

» Booklet can download from:

˃ http://www.marco.com.my/Malaysia/educational_my.html

**» 1. Engineering notation.avi
**

˃ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MKXmzs0V36Q

» 2. SD transformation.avi

˃ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M95cyz5MCbY

» 3. Trigonometric.avi

˃ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nhh-2mERNh8

**» 4. Polar and Rectangular.avi
**

˃ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RZlIS3s3UIw

**» 5. Quadratic Equation.avi
**

˃ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pg3xRD1_qfw

**» 6. Simultaneous Equation.avi
**

˃ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Ey6fmJ1w7I

**» 7. Mean and standard Deviation for Ungroup Data.avi
**

˃ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AdfyZlA9XhU

**» 8. Mean and standard Deviation for Group Data.avi
**

˃ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n6bnPoBDeEU

**» 9. Normal Distribution.avi
**

˃ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-JYSpX34acY

**» 10. Matrix Calculation.avi
**

˃ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TGvdSd4B8Y0

**» 11. Base Number.avi
**

˃ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTs9g3wqxAc

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