PENULISAN NOVEL

Oleh ZULKIFLI KHAIR

Novel terawal dunia. Hikaru Genji dengan latar istana. 54 bab.PENGENALAN (1)    Novel berasal daripada kalimat Itali. Kisah cinta aristokrat. µnovella¶ bermaksud: perkhabaran baru. al(1867- . Novel Melayu pertama. Ditulis untuk angkat pemikiran dan sentimen bangsa Jepun. Hikayat Setia Asyik Dengan Masyuknya atau Hikayat Faridah Hanum (1925&1926) oleh Syed Syeikh al-Hadi (1867-1934). The Tale of Genji (Genji Monogatari) oleh Munasaki Shikibu (1007).

Liana Afiera Malik (1. karya adalah untuk menghibur dan mendidik.3«I Falsafah Puitika Sastera Melayu. Kompilasi (Gigolo. picisan.PENGENALAN (2)    Novel2 awal Melayu lain termasuk Hikayat Panglima Nikosa (1876) oleh Ahmad Shawal Abdul Hamid dan Kawan Benar (1927) oleh Ahmad Rashid Talu. Budak Momok dll). Contoh novelis popular: Ahadiat Akasyah (Gigolo.2.2. . (1. Jenis2 novel. popular dan serius.3«I love You! dll) dll.

PERBEZAAN NOVEL POPULAR & SERIUS Novel popular Ideologi tak penting. Perbezaannya amat genting. Lojik amat penting. . Lojik tak penting. Surat dikaitkan dengan karya serius. Cinta Hari-hari Rusuhan terbitan Alaf 21 ialah novel serius. Pemburu Mimpi terbitan DBP ialah novel popular. Mimpi dan travelogue sering dikaitkan dengan karya popular. Novel serius Ideologi (termasuk dalam lingkungan jauh) amat penting.

 Contoh tidak lojik dalam karya:   . Dia berlari ke langit. ekepresi gerak.LOJIK  Menurut Arena Wati (DS. lojik mesti ada dalam:      Plot. Disember 1993). Kapal terbang mendarat di KLIA. monolog). Peristiwa. dialog. Watak (termasuk pertalian dengan watak lain. 1982. Lokasi. Watak. mimik.

Realisme magis. Lihat Imam oleh journalism. legenda dan berita aneh. gosip. Lihat 1515 dan 1511H Kombat oleh Faisal Tehrani. Wacana politik. Wacana agama.    Intertekstualiti. New journalism. Seperti unsur perang budaya.IDEOLOGI  Wacana. Berasaskan mitos. Abdullah Hussain dan karya2 Zaharah Nawawi .    Wacana sejarah.

Tulislah cerpen dahulu sebelum menulis novel atau skrip drama TV. . Tiga li bermula daripada satu langkah.

Kerajinan yang luar biasa. Pengalaman. sensitiviti yang kuat. . pemerhatian yang tajam. daya imaginasi yang unggul dan daya keakalan yang tinggi.  Menurut Dr. isu semasa dan pembacaan luas). Mawar Shafei:      Sensitiviti (alam sekitar. Keseriusan. Fatimah Busu (2003): Bakat semulajadi.PERSEDIAAN MENULIS NOVEL  Menurut Dr. Kreativiti.

TIP MENULIS NOVEL      Tujuan yang jelas. Tulis apa yang anda benarbenarbenar minat. Buat perbincangan. Banyak membaca. Siapkan dengan segera. . Plot dan watak yang jelas.

. If you can write your novel this way. Dialogue Read the conversations aloud. Dramatic Concept Imagine you are writing the blurb for your novel. it's confusing. you need a stronger dramatic concept. Can you sum it all up in just a few sentences? If not. Never tell the POV of an insignificant character.Lagi tip 1. Point-of-View Point-ofDecide what point of view you are going to use in a particular scene and stick with it. 2. just the framework. (And you probably don't need to read this article)But most people need to form their ideas in some kind of outline. And you can always add and modify as you go along. I envy you. It doesn't have to include every detail of your novel. Do people you know really talk that way? 4. 3.You Need An Outline Some people say they can just start writing and it all flows smoothly and evenly to become the perfect piece. Use the "omniscent" viewpoint sparingly and have a limited number of POV characters. Don't jump back and forth.

Tension & Escalation A good story needs conflict but it is equally as important that your conflict escalate. grammatical errors and incorrect punctuation.essortment. Show.5. You should have someone very qualified in English or a professional editor proofread your work. If a character is sayingangry.but it's true. It is well worth the price. you can always overlook misspellings. 7. Put her in a situation that will make her mad and SHOW how she reacts. No matter how great your word processing program or how many times you proofread yourself. Obvious Mistakes This is actually one of the most important. 6. Kredit: http://www. If you do not know someone personally. you can hire someone.htm . don't just SAY she is mad. You should gradually build up to that critical level.Don't Tell ShowIt's an old saying.com/all/novelwritingti_rsim.

tapi bukan secara didaktik atau berkhutbah. pemikiran inovatif. . Memupuk pemikiran. kemahiran insaniah budaya niaga. kemahiran dan budaya positif.NOVEL: HARTA INTELEK YANG AKAN DITINGGALKAN   Novelis mesti jelas akan tujuan menulis novel. Menambah perbendaharaan kata dan maklumat budaya. budaya R&D dll. Novel mesti bertujuan:    Mendidik. bukan sekadar untuk berhibur atau memaparkan realiti.

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