PENULISAN NOVEL

Oleh ZULKIFLI KHAIR

Hikaru Genji dengan latar istana. The Tale of Genji (Genji Monogatari) oleh Munasaki Shikibu (1007). Novel terawal dunia. µnovella¶ bermaksud: perkhabaran baru. 54 bab. al(1867- . Novel Melayu pertama.PENGENALAN (1)    Novel berasal daripada kalimat Itali. Ditulis untuk angkat pemikiran dan sentimen bangsa Jepun. Hikayat Setia Asyik Dengan Masyuknya atau Hikayat Faridah Hanum (1925&1926) oleh Syed Syeikh al-Hadi (1867-1934). Kisah cinta aristokrat.

Liana Afiera Malik (1. popular dan serius. .3«I Falsafah Puitika Sastera Melayu. Budak Momok dll).2.2. Jenis2 novel.3«I love You! dll) dll. karya adalah untuk menghibur dan mendidik. picisan. Contoh novelis popular: Ahadiat Akasyah (Gigolo. Kompilasi (Gigolo. (1.PENGENALAN (2)    Novel2 awal Melayu lain termasuk Hikayat Panglima Nikosa (1876) oleh Ahmad Shawal Abdul Hamid dan Kawan Benar (1927) oleh Ahmad Rashid Talu.

Lojik amat penting. Surat dikaitkan dengan karya serius. Cinta Hari-hari Rusuhan terbitan Alaf 21 ialah novel serius. . Novel serius Ideologi (termasuk dalam lingkungan jauh) amat penting. Pemburu Mimpi terbitan DBP ialah novel popular. Mimpi dan travelogue sering dikaitkan dengan karya popular.PERBEZAAN NOVEL POPULAR & SERIUS Novel popular Ideologi tak penting. Perbezaannya amat genting. Lojik tak penting.

 Contoh tidak lojik dalam karya:   . 1982. Kapal terbang mendarat di KLIA.LOJIK  Menurut Arena Wati (DS. ekepresi gerak. lojik mesti ada dalam:      Plot. mimik. monolog). dialog. Lokasi. Disember 1993). Watak (termasuk pertalian dengan watak lain. Watak. Peristiwa. Dia berlari ke langit.

   Intertekstualiti. New journalism. Seperti unsur perang budaya. Abdullah Hussain dan karya2 Zaharah Nawawi . gosip.IDEOLOGI  Wacana. Lihat Imam oleh journalism. Wacana agama. legenda dan berita aneh.    Wacana sejarah. Berasaskan mitos. Realisme magis. Wacana politik. Lihat 1515 dan 1511H Kombat oleh Faisal Tehrani.

Tulislah cerpen dahulu sebelum menulis novel atau skrip drama TV. Tiga li bermula daripada satu langkah. .

Pengalaman.  Menurut Dr. Mawar Shafei:      Sensitiviti (alam sekitar.PERSEDIAAN MENULIS NOVEL  Menurut Dr. isu semasa dan pembacaan luas). Kerajinan yang luar biasa. Kreativiti. sensitiviti yang kuat. pemerhatian yang tajam. daya imaginasi yang unggul dan daya keakalan yang tinggi. Keseriusan. . Fatimah Busu (2003): Bakat semulajadi.

Buat perbincangan. Plot dan watak yang jelas. Siapkan dengan segera. Banyak membaca. Tulis apa yang anda benarbenarbenar minat. .TIP MENULIS NOVEL      Tujuan yang jelas.

You Need An Outline Some people say they can just start writing and it all flows smoothly and evenly to become the perfect piece. just the framework. 3.Lagi tip 1. Point-of-View Point-ofDecide what point of view you are going to use in a particular scene and stick with it. I envy you. Do people you know really talk that way? 4. Can you sum it all up in just a few sentences? If not. you need a stronger dramatic concept. Don't jump back and forth. (And you probably don't need to read this article)But most people need to form their ideas in some kind of outline. . Dramatic Concept Imagine you are writing the blurb for your novel. Dialogue Read the conversations aloud. it's confusing. It doesn't have to include every detail of your novel. If you can write your novel this way. And you can always add and modify as you go along. Never tell the POV of an insignificant character. 2. Use the "omniscent" viewpoint sparingly and have a limited number of POV characters.

You should have someone very qualified in English or a professional editor proofread your work.com/all/novelwritingti_rsim. Kredit: http://www. Show. Put her in a situation that will make her mad and SHOW how she reacts. If a character is sayingangry. you can hire someone. don't just SAY she is mad.5. You should gradually build up to that critical level. you can always overlook misspellings. 6.but it's true. No matter how great your word processing program or how many times you proofread yourself.essortment.Don't Tell ShowIt's an old saying.htm . It is well worth the price. Tension & Escalation A good story needs conflict but it is equally as important that your conflict escalate. If you do not know someone personally. Obvious Mistakes This is actually one of the most important. grammatical errors and incorrect punctuation. 7.

Memupuk pemikiran.NOVEL: HARTA INTELEK YANG AKAN DITINGGALKAN   Novelis mesti jelas akan tujuan menulis novel. kemahiran dan budaya positif. tapi bukan secara didaktik atau berkhutbah. kemahiran insaniah budaya niaga. bukan sekadar untuk berhibur atau memaparkan realiti. Novel mesti bertujuan:    Mendidik. pemikiran inovatif. Menambah perbendaharaan kata dan maklumat budaya. . budaya R&D dll.

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