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Penulisan Novel

Penulisan Novel

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Published by: dinarias on Jan 04, 2012
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PENULISAN NOVEL

Oleh ZULKIFLI KHAIR

Hikaru Genji dengan latar istana. 54 bab. Kisah cinta aristokrat. al(1867- . Ditulis untuk angkat pemikiran dan sentimen bangsa Jepun. The Tale of Genji (Genji Monogatari) oleh Munasaki Shikibu (1007). Hikayat Setia Asyik Dengan Masyuknya atau Hikayat Faridah Hanum (1925&1926) oleh Syed Syeikh al-Hadi (1867-1934). µnovella¶ bermaksud: perkhabaran baru. Novel terawal dunia. Novel Melayu pertama.PENGENALAN (1)    Novel berasal daripada kalimat Itali.

2. (1.2.PENGENALAN (2)    Novel2 awal Melayu lain termasuk Hikayat Panglima Nikosa (1876) oleh Ahmad Shawal Abdul Hamid dan Kawan Benar (1927) oleh Ahmad Rashid Talu. picisan. Contoh novelis popular: Ahadiat Akasyah (Gigolo. popular dan serius.3«I love You! dll) dll. Liana Afiera Malik (1.3«I Falsafah Puitika Sastera Melayu. Budak Momok dll). karya adalah untuk menghibur dan mendidik. Kompilasi (Gigolo. Jenis2 novel. .

Lojik amat penting. Perbezaannya amat genting. Cinta Hari-hari Rusuhan terbitan Alaf 21 ialah novel serius. . Novel serius Ideologi (termasuk dalam lingkungan jauh) amat penting. Lojik tak penting.PERBEZAAN NOVEL POPULAR & SERIUS Novel popular Ideologi tak penting. Pemburu Mimpi terbitan DBP ialah novel popular. Mimpi dan travelogue sering dikaitkan dengan karya popular. Surat dikaitkan dengan karya serius.

monolog). Dia berlari ke langit. Watak (termasuk pertalian dengan watak lain.LOJIK  Menurut Arena Wati (DS. Peristiwa. dialog. lojik mesti ada dalam:      Plot.  Contoh tidak lojik dalam karya:   . Kapal terbang mendarat di KLIA. ekepresi gerak. Watak. mimik. Disember 1993). Lokasi. 1982.

Realisme magis. New journalism. Berasaskan mitos.IDEOLOGI  Wacana. legenda dan berita aneh. Seperti unsur perang budaya. Wacana agama.    Intertekstualiti. Abdullah Hussain dan karya2 Zaharah Nawawi . gosip. Wacana politik. Lihat 1515 dan 1511H Kombat oleh Faisal Tehrani. Lihat Imam oleh journalism.    Wacana sejarah.

Tulislah cerpen dahulu sebelum menulis novel atau skrip drama TV. Tiga li bermula daripada satu langkah. .

Kreativiti. Kerajinan yang luar biasa. . Pengalaman. isu semasa dan pembacaan luas). daya imaginasi yang unggul dan daya keakalan yang tinggi. Mawar Shafei:      Sensitiviti (alam sekitar. Fatimah Busu (2003): Bakat semulajadi.PERSEDIAAN MENULIS NOVEL  Menurut Dr. sensitiviti yang kuat.  Menurut Dr. pemerhatian yang tajam. Keseriusan.

Banyak membaca. Siapkan dengan segera. Plot dan watak yang jelas. Tulis apa yang anda benarbenarbenar minat. Buat perbincangan.TIP MENULIS NOVEL      Tujuan yang jelas. .

Use the "omniscent" viewpoint sparingly and have a limited number of POV characters. Point-of-View Point-ofDecide what point of view you are going to use in a particular scene and stick with it. just the framework. 2. It doesn't have to include every detail of your novel. it's confusing. Do people you know really talk that way? 4.Lagi tip 1. And you can always add and modify as you go along. If you can write your novel this way. you need a stronger dramatic concept. Dramatic Concept Imagine you are writing the blurb for your novel. Dialogue Read the conversations aloud. I envy you. Don't jump back and forth. (And you probably don't need to read this article)But most people need to form their ideas in some kind of outline.You Need An Outline Some people say they can just start writing and it all flows smoothly and evenly to become the perfect piece. 3. Can you sum it all up in just a few sentences? If not. . Never tell the POV of an insignificant character.

Put her in a situation that will make her mad and SHOW how she reacts. don't just SAY she is mad. If a character is sayingangry. It is well worth the price.com/all/novelwritingti_rsim.essortment. Obvious Mistakes This is actually one of the most important. you can hire someone. You should gradually build up to that critical level.5.Don't Tell ShowIt's an old saying. grammatical errors and incorrect punctuation. 7. Show.but it's true.htm . No matter how great your word processing program or how many times you proofread yourself. Tension & Escalation A good story needs conflict but it is equally as important that your conflict escalate. 6. you can always overlook misspellings. If you do not know someone personally. You should have someone very qualified in English or a professional editor proofread your work. Kredit: http://www.

Novel mesti bertujuan:    Mendidik. Menambah perbendaharaan kata dan maklumat budaya. Memupuk pemikiran. budaya R&D dll. . bukan sekadar untuk berhibur atau memaparkan realiti. kemahiran dan budaya positif. tapi bukan secara didaktik atau berkhutbah. kemahiran insaniah budaya niaga. pemikiran inovatif.NOVEL: HARTA INTELEK YANG AKAN DITINGGALKAN   Novelis mesti jelas akan tujuan menulis novel.

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