PENULISAN NOVEL

Oleh ZULKIFLI KHAIR

µnovella¶ bermaksud: perkhabaran baru. al(1867- . Kisah cinta aristokrat. Ditulis untuk angkat pemikiran dan sentimen bangsa Jepun. Novel terawal dunia. The Tale of Genji (Genji Monogatari) oleh Munasaki Shikibu (1007). Hikayat Setia Asyik Dengan Masyuknya atau Hikayat Faridah Hanum (1925&1926) oleh Syed Syeikh al-Hadi (1867-1934).PENGENALAN (1)    Novel berasal daripada kalimat Itali. Novel Melayu pertama. Hikaru Genji dengan latar istana. 54 bab.

popular dan serius.2. Contoh novelis popular: Ahadiat Akasyah (Gigolo. Budak Momok dll).2.3«I Falsafah Puitika Sastera Melayu. Liana Afiera Malik (1.3«I love You! dll) dll. karya adalah untuk menghibur dan mendidik. Kompilasi (Gigolo. picisan. (1. Jenis2 novel.PENGENALAN (2)    Novel2 awal Melayu lain termasuk Hikayat Panglima Nikosa (1876) oleh Ahmad Shawal Abdul Hamid dan Kawan Benar (1927) oleh Ahmad Rashid Talu. .

Lojik tak penting.PERBEZAAN NOVEL POPULAR & SERIUS Novel popular Ideologi tak penting. Lojik amat penting. Cinta Hari-hari Rusuhan terbitan Alaf 21 ialah novel serius. Surat dikaitkan dengan karya serius. Pemburu Mimpi terbitan DBP ialah novel popular. Perbezaannya amat genting. Novel serius Ideologi (termasuk dalam lingkungan jauh) amat penting. . Mimpi dan travelogue sering dikaitkan dengan karya popular.

 Contoh tidak lojik dalam karya:   . Watak (termasuk pertalian dengan watak lain. 1982. Dia berlari ke langit. dialog. monolog). ekepresi gerak. mimik. Peristiwa. lojik mesti ada dalam:      Plot. Watak. Disember 1993).LOJIK  Menurut Arena Wati (DS. Kapal terbang mendarat di KLIA. Lokasi.

Seperti unsur perang budaya. Wacana politik. gosip.    Intertekstualiti. Realisme magis.IDEOLOGI  Wacana. Wacana agama. Lihat Imam oleh journalism.    Wacana sejarah. legenda dan berita aneh. Lihat 1515 dan 1511H Kombat oleh Faisal Tehrani. New journalism. Abdullah Hussain dan karya2 Zaharah Nawawi . Berasaskan mitos.

.Tulislah cerpen dahulu sebelum menulis novel atau skrip drama TV. Tiga li bermula daripada satu langkah.

PERSEDIAAN MENULIS NOVEL  Menurut Dr. isu semasa dan pembacaan luas). daya imaginasi yang unggul dan daya keakalan yang tinggi. Kreativiti. Keseriusan. pemerhatian yang tajam. Fatimah Busu (2003): Bakat semulajadi. . Kerajinan yang luar biasa.  Menurut Dr. sensitiviti yang kuat. Mawar Shafei:      Sensitiviti (alam sekitar. Pengalaman.

Banyak membaca.TIP MENULIS NOVEL      Tujuan yang jelas. Buat perbincangan. . Siapkan dengan segera. Tulis apa yang anda benarbenarbenar minat. Plot dan watak yang jelas.

You Need An Outline Some people say they can just start writing and it all flows smoothly and evenly to become the perfect piece. Use the "omniscent" viewpoint sparingly and have a limited number of POV characters. Don't jump back and forth. Do people you know really talk that way? 4. Can you sum it all up in just a few sentences? If not. it's confusing. I envy you. 3. you need a stronger dramatic concept. . And you can always add and modify as you go along. Point-of-View Point-ofDecide what point of view you are going to use in a particular scene and stick with it. If you can write your novel this way. It doesn't have to include every detail of your novel. (And you probably don't need to read this article)But most people need to form their ideas in some kind of outline.Lagi tip 1. just the framework. Never tell the POV of an insignificant character. 2. Dramatic Concept Imagine you are writing the blurb for your novel. Dialogue Read the conversations aloud.

Show.Don't Tell ShowIt's an old saying. You should have someone very qualified in English or a professional editor proofread your work.htm . Tension & Escalation A good story needs conflict but it is equally as important that your conflict escalate. grammatical errors and incorrect punctuation. It is well worth the price. you can always overlook misspellings. If a character is sayingangry. 6. don't just SAY she is mad. If you do not know someone personally. You should gradually build up to that critical level.5. Kredit: http://www.com/all/novelwritingti_rsim. Obvious Mistakes This is actually one of the most important.essortment. No matter how great your word processing program or how many times you proofread yourself. Put her in a situation that will make her mad and SHOW how she reacts.but it's true. 7. you can hire someone.

kemahiran insaniah budaya niaga. Menambah perbendaharaan kata dan maklumat budaya. tapi bukan secara didaktik atau berkhutbah. . budaya R&D dll. pemikiran inovatif.NOVEL: HARTA INTELEK YANG AKAN DITINGGALKAN   Novelis mesti jelas akan tujuan menulis novel. kemahiran dan budaya positif. Novel mesti bertujuan:    Mendidik. bukan sekadar untuk berhibur atau memaparkan realiti. Memupuk pemikiran.

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