PENULISAN NOVEL

Oleh ZULKIFLI KHAIR

PENGENALAN (1)    Novel berasal daripada kalimat Itali. The Tale of Genji (Genji Monogatari) oleh Munasaki Shikibu (1007). Ditulis untuk angkat pemikiran dan sentimen bangsa Jepun. Kisah cinta aristokrat. µnovella¶ bermaksud: perkhabaran baru. 54 bab. Novel terawal dunia. Hikayat Setia Asyik Dengan Masyuknya atau Hikayat Faridah Hanum (1925&1926) oleh Syed Syeikh al-Hadi (1867-1934). Novel Melayu pertama. Hikaru Genji dengan latar istana. al(1867- .

2. Budak Momok dll). .3«I love You! dll) dll. popular dan serius. Contoh novelis popular: Ahadiat Akasyah (Gigolo. Liana Afiera Malik (1.3«I Falsafah Puitika Sastera Melayu. (1. Jenis2 novel.2.PENGENALAN (2)    Novel2 awal Melayu lain termasuk Hikayat Panglima Nikosa (1876) oleh Ahmad Shawal Abdul Hamid dan Kawan Benar (1927) oleh Ahmad Rashid Talu. karya adalah untuk menghibur dan mendidik. picisan. Kompilasi (Gigolo.

Pemburu Mimpi terbitan DBP ialah novel popular. Novel serius Ideologi (termasuk dalam lingkungan jauh) amat penting. Mimpi dan travelogue sering dikaitkan dengan karya popular. . Surat dikaitkan dengan karya serius. Lojik amat penting.PERBEZAAN NOVEL POPULAR & SERIUS Novel popular Ideologi tak penting. Lojik tak penting. Cinta Hari-hari Rusuhan terbitan Alaf 21 ialah novel serius. Perbezaannya amat genting.

Watak (termasuk pertalian dengan watak lain. Lokasi.LOJIK  Menurut Arena Wati (DS. monolog). Watak. ekepresi gerak. Kapal terbang mendarat di KLIA. 1982. mimik. Disember 1993).  Contoh tidak lojik dalam karya:   . dialog. Dia berlari ke langit. lojik mesti ada dalam:      Plot. Peristiwa.

gosip. Seperti unsur perang budaya. New journalism. Wacana agama. Lihat Imam oleh journalism. legenda dan berita aneh. Lihat 1515 dan 1511H Kombat oleh Faisal Tehrani. Wacana politik. Berasaskan mitos.    Intertekstualiti.IDEOLOGI  Wacana. Realisme magis.    Wacana sejarah. Abdullah Hussain dan karya2 Zaharah Nawawi .

Tulislah cerpen dahulu sebelum menulis novel atau skrip drama TV. . Tiga li bermula daripada satu langkah.

Mawar Shafei:      Sensitiviti (alam sekitar. isu semasa dan pembacaan luas). pemerhatian yang tajam. . Pengalaman. Fatimah Busu (2003): Bakat semulajadi. Kreativiti.PERSEDIAAN MENULIS NOVEL  Menurut Dr. Keseriusan.  Menurut Dr. daya imaginasi yang unggul dan daya keakalan yang tinggi. Kerajinan yang luar biasa. sensitiviti yang kuat.

Plot dan watak yang jelas. Siapkan dengan segera. Buat perbincangan. Tulis apa yang anda benarbenarbenar minat. . Banyak membaca.TIP MENULIS NOVEL      Tujuan yang jelas.

And you can always add and modify as you go along. it's confusing. Dramatic Concept Imagine you are writing the blurb for your novel. I envy you. Can you sum it all up in just a few sentences? If not. Dialogue Read the conversations aloud.You Need An Outline Some people say they can just start writing and it all flows smoothly and evenly to become the perfect piece. Don't jump back and forth. Never tell the POV of an insignificant character. just the framework. Do people you know really talk that way? 4. . 3. Point-of-View Point-ofDecide what point of view you are going to use in a particular scene and stick with it. Use the "omniscent" viewpoint sparingly and have a limited number of POV characters. It doesn't have to include every detail of your novel. (And you probably don't need to read this article)But most people need to form their ideas in some kind of outline. 2. If you can write your novel this way.Lagi tip 1. you need a stronger dramatic concept.

If you do not know someone personally. Show. don't just SAY she is mad.com/all/novelwritingti_rsim. Tension & Escalation A good story needs conflict but it is equally as important that your conflict escalate. You should have someone very qualified in English or a professional editor proofread your work.Don't Tell ShowIt's an old saying. Kredit: http://www. 6. Put her in a situation that will make her mad and SHOW how she reacts. grammatical errors and incorrect punctuation. 7. Obvious Mistakes This is actually one of the most important. No matter how great your word processing program or how many times you proofread yourself.but it's true. It is well worth the price. you can always overlook misspellings.htm . You should gradually build up to that critical level.essortment. If a character is sayingangry. you can hire someone.5.

pemikiran inovatif. bukan sekadar untuk berhibur atau memaparkan realiti. .NOVEL: HARTA INTELEK YANG AKAN DITINGGALKAN   Novelis mesti jelas akan tujuan menulis novel. kemahiran dan budaya positif. kemahiran insaniah budaya niaga. Memupuk pemikiran. Novel mesti bertujuan:    Mendidik. budaya R&D dll. tapi bukan secara didaktik atau berkhutbah. Menambah perbendaharaan kata dan maklumat budaya.

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