PENULISAN NOVEL

Oleh ZULKIFLI KHAIR

Kisah cinta aristokrat. Novel Melayu pertama.PENGENALAN (1)    Novel berasal daripada kalimat Itali. 54 bab. Hikaru Genji dengan latar istana. Ditulis untuk angkat pemikiran dan sentimen bangsa Jepun. Hikayat Setia Asyik Dengan Masyuknya atau Hikayat Faridah Hanum (1925&1926) oleh Syed Syeikh al-Hadi (1867-1934). µnovella¶ bermaksud: perkhabaran baru. The Tale of Genji (Genji Monogatari) oleh Munasaki Shikibu (1007). Novel terawal dunia. al(1867- .

Kompilasi (Gigolo.3«I love You! dll) dll.PENGENALAN (2)    Novel2 awal Melayu lain termasuk Hikayat Panglima Nikosa (1876) oleh Ahmad Shawal Abdul Hamid dan Kawan Benar (1927) oleh Ahmad Rashid Talu. Jenis2 novel. karya adalah untuk menghibur dan mendidik. Contoh novelis popular: Ahadiat Akasyah (Gigolo. (1. popular dan serius. . Liana Afiera Malik (1.2. picisan.3«I Falsafah Puitika Sastera Melayu.2. Budak Momok dll).

Novel serius Ideologi (termasuk dalam lingkungan jauh) amat penting. Surat dikaitkan dengan karya serius. Mimpi dan travelogue sering dikaitkan dengan karya popular.PERBEZAAN NOVEL POPULAR & SERIUS Novel popular Ideologi tak penting. Lojik tak penting. Pemburu Mimpi terbitan DBP ialah novel popular. Cinta Hari-hari Rusuhan terbitan Alaf 21 ialah novel serius. . Lojik amat penting. Perbezaannya amat genting.

Watak (termasuk pertalian dengan watak lain.  Contoh tidak lojik dalam karya:   . Peristiwa. Dia berlari ke langit.LOJIK  Menurut Arena Wati (DS. lojik mesti ada dalam:      Plot. Lokasi. Watak. 1982. monolog). dialog. ekepresi gerak. mimik. Kapal terbang mendarat di KLIA. Disember 1993).

gosip. legenda dan berita aneh.IDEOLOGI  Wacana. New journalism.    Intertekstualiti. Abdullah Hussain dan karya2 Zaharah Nawawi .    Wacana sejarah. Lihat Imam oleh journalism. Realisme magis. Berasaskan mitos. Wacana politik. Lihat 1515 dan 1511H Kombat oleh Faisal Tehrani. Wacana agama. Seperti unsur perang budaya.

Tulislah cerpen dahulu sebelum menulis novel atau skrip drama TV. . Tiga li bermula daripada satu langkah.

 Menurut Dr. Mawar Shafei:      Sensitiviti (alam sekitar. sensitiviti yang kuat. Pengalaman. isu semasa dan pembacaan luas). .PERSEDIAAN MENULIS NOVEL  Menurut Dr. daya imaginasi yang unggul dan daya keakalan yang tinggi. Fatimah Busu (2003): Bakat semulajadi. Keseriusan. Kreativiti. Kerajinan yang luar biasa. pemerhatian yang tajam.

Tulis apa yang anda benarbenarbenar minat. .TIP MENULIS NOVEL      Tujuan yang jelas. Banyak membaca. Siapkan dengan segera. Plot dan watak yang jelas. Buat perbincangan.

Can you sum it all up in just a few sentences? If not. it's confusing. And you can always add and modify as you go along. Do people you know really talk that way? 4. It doesn't have to include every detail of your novel.Lagi tip 1. 2. Dramatic Concept Imagine you are writing the blurb for your novel. If you can write your novel this way. (And you probably don't need to read this article)But most people need to form their ideas in some kind of outline. Don't jump back and forth. Use the "omniscent" viewpoint sparingly and have a limited number of POV characters. Dialogue Read the conversations aloud. . Never tell the POV of an insignificant character. I envy you. 3. just the framework. Point-of-View Point-ofDecide what point of view you are going to use in a particular scene and stick with it. you need a stronger dramatic concept.You Need An Outline Some people say they can just start writing and it all flows smoothly and evenly to become the perfect piece.

6.htm .essortment. 7. If a character is sayingangry.but it's true. Kredit: http://www. you can always overlook misspellings.Don't Tell ShowIt's an old saying. You should gradually build up to that critical level. No matter how great your word processing program or how many times you proofread yourself. Put her in a situation that will make her mad and SHOW how she reacts. Obvious Mistakes This is actually one of the most important. It is well worth the price. Tension & Escalation A good story needs conflict but it is equally as important that your conflict escalate. Show. don't just SAY she is mad. You should have someone very qualified in English or a professional editor proofread your work. you can hire someone.5.com/all/novelwritingti_rsim. If you do not know someone personally. grammatical errors and incorrect punctuation.

Memupuk pemikiran. kemahiran insaniah budaya niaga. . budaya R&D dll. bukan sekadar untuk berhibur atau memaparkan realiti. tapi bukan secara didaktik atau berkhutbah.NOVEL: HARTA INTELEK YANG AKAN DITINGGALKAN   Novelis mesti jelas akan tujuan menulis novel. Menambah perbendaharaan kata dan maklumat budaya. kemahiran dan budaya positif. Novel mesti bertujuan:    Mendidik. pemikiran inovatif.