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D.

GAYA PEGAS
ELASTISITAS.
Elastisitas adalah : Kecenderungan pada suatu
benda untuk berubah
dalam bentuk baik panjang,
ffd8ffe000104a4649
lebar maupun460001020100c800c
tingginya, tetapi massanya tetap.
Hal itu disebabkan
oleh gayagaya yang menekan
80000ffe20c5849434
atau menariknya,
pada saat gaya ditiadakan bentuk
35f50524f46494c450
ffd8ffe000104a4649
kembali seperti0010100000c484c69
semula.
460001020100c800c8
6e6f021000006d6e74
0000ffe20c584943435
Tegangan (Stress)
725247422058595a2
f50524f46494c450001
Jika suatu benda
homogen yang mendapat tarikan
007ce000200090006
0100000c484c696e6f
atau gaya desak
dilakukan pemotongan secara
00310000616373704
021000006d6e747252
tegak, maka d5346540000000049
tegangan
yang dihasilkan disebut
47422058595a2007ce
tegangan tarik45432073524742000
atau
tegangan desak, karena tiap
000200090006003100
bagian saling tarik
atau saling desak
00000000000000000
00616373704d534654
Stress () didefinisikan
sebagai : Gaya F persatuan
00000000f6d600010
000000004945432073
luas (A).
0000000d32d485020
524742000000000000
20000000000000000
0000000000000000f6
00000000000000000
d6000100000000d32d
00000000000000000
485020200000000000
00000000000000000
000000000000000000
00000000000000000
000000000000000000
Regangan (Strain)
00000000000116370
000000000000000000
Yang dimaksud
regangan disini adalah mengenai
72740000015000000
000000000000000000
perubahan relatif
dari ukuran-ukuran atau bentuk
03364657363000001
000000000000116370
suatu benda yang
mengalami tegangan.
840000006c7774707
727400000150000000
4000001f000000014
336465736300000184
Regangan 626b7074000002040
karena
tarikan di dalam batang
0000006c7774707400
(e) didefinisikan
sebagai perbandingan dari
00000147258595a00
0001f000000014626b
tambahan panjang
(L) terhadap panjang mula00021800000014675
707400000204000000
mula (L0). ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020100c
8595a0000022c0000
147258595a00000218
800c80000ffe20c584943435f50524f4
00146258595a00000
000000146758595a00
6494c4500010100000c484c696e6f021
24000000014646d6e
00022c000000146258
000006d6e74725247422058595a2007
64000002540000007
595a00000240000000
ce00020009000600310000616373704
0646d6464000002c4
14646d6e6400000254
d534654000000004945432073524742
00000088767565640
00000070646d646400
Modulus Kelentingan.
Perbandingan
antara suatu tegangan (stress)
0000000000000000000000000000f6d
000034c0000008676
0002c4000000887675
terhadap regangannya
(strain) disebut : modulus
6000100000000d32d48502020000000
696577000003d4000
65640000034c000000
kelentingan,0000000000000000000000000000000
atau
disebut juga modulus young (E).
000246c756d690000
8676696577000003d4
0000000000000000000000000000000
03f8000000146d656
000000246c756d6900
tegangan
0000000000000000000000000011637
1730000040c000000
0003f8000000146d65
E= =
0727400000150000000336465736300
24746563680000043
61730000040c000000
regangan e
0001840000006c77747074000001f00
00000000c72545243
247465636800000430
0000014626b70740000020400000014
0000043c0000080c6
0000000c7254524300
7258595a00000218000000146758595
75452430000043c00
00043c0000080c6754
a0000022c000000146258595a000002
00080c62545243000
52430000043c000008
4000000014646d6e640000025400000
0043c0000080c7465
0c625452430000043c
070646d6464000002c4000000887675
787400000000436f7
Energi Potensial0000080c7465787400
Pegas.
65640000034c0000008676696577000
07972696768742028
000000436f70797269
Jika sebuah pegas digantungkan dan mempunyai
003d4000000246c756d69000003f800
63292031393938204
676874202863292031
konstanta pegas
k, maka besar gaya pegas adalah
0000146d6561730000040c000000247
865776c6574742d50
393938204865776c65
sebanding dengan
pertambahan panjang pegas.
4656368000004300000000c72545243
61636b61726420436
74742d5061636b6172
f6d70616e79000064
6420436f6d70616e79
Jika pegas 0000043c0000080c675452430000043
kita
tarik dengan gaya Ftangan maka
c0000080c625452430000043c000008
65736300000000000
000064657363000000
pada pegas akan bekerja gaya pegas Fpegas yang
0c7465787400000000436f707972696
00012735247422049
000000001273524742
arahnya berlawanan
dengan Ftangan. Jadi Fpegas =
7687420286329203139393820486577
454336313936362d3
204945433631393636
-gaya oleh tangan pada pegas.
6c6574742d5061636b61726420436f6
22e31000000000000
2d322e310000000000
d70616e790000646573630000000000
00000000001273524
000000000000127352
0000127352474220494543363139363
74220494543363139
474220494543363139
62d322e310000000000000000000000
36362d322e3100000
36362d322e31000000
12735247422049454336313936362d3
00000000000000000
000000000000000000
22e3100000000000000000000000000
00000000000000000
000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000
000000000000000
000000000000

ffd8ffe000104a46494600
01020100c800c80000ffe2
0c584943435f50524f4649
4c4500010100000c484c69
Tanda (-) hanya
menunjukkan arah berlawanan.
6e6f021000006d6e747252
47422058595a2007ce0002
Jika digambarkan
dalam grafik, hubungan antara F
000900060031000061637
dan x, maka3704d5346540000000049
akan diperoleh grafik berupa garis
lurus.
ffd8ffe000104a46494
454320735247420000000
F60001020100c800c80
ffd8ffe000104a46494
000000000000000000000f
000ffe20c584943435f
60001020100c800c800
6d6000100000000d32d48
50524f46494c4500010
00ffe20c584943435f50
502020000000000000000
x
100000c484c696e6f02
524f46494c450001010
000000000000000000000
1000006d6e74725247
0000c484c696e6f02100
000000000000000000000
Energi potensial
pegas didefinisikan sebagai :
422058595a2007ce00
0006d6e747252474220
000000000000000000000
020009000600310000
58595a2007ce0002000
000000000000000011637
ffd8ffe000104a4649460
616373704d53465400
9000600310000616373
072740000015000000033
001020100c800c80000ffe
000000494543207352
704d534654000000004
646573630000018400000
20c584943435f50524f46
474200000000000000
9454320735247420000
06c77747074000001f0000
494c4500010100000c484
00000000000000f6d6
0000000000000000000
00014626b707400000204
c696e6f021000006d6e74
Dapat dicari000100000000d32d48
dari
Luas grafik F terhadap x.
00000f6d60001000000
000000147258595a00000
725247422058595a2007c
Usaha yang 502020000000000000
diperlukan
untuk regangan x1 x2
00d32d4850202000000
218000000146758595a00
e00020009000600310000
dapat dituliskan
sebagai :
000000000000000000
0000000000000000000
00022c000000146258595a
616373704d53465400000
000000000000000000
0000000000000000000
0000024000000014646d6
ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020100
000494543207352474200
000000000000000000
0000000000000000000
e64000002540000007064
c800c80000ffe20c584943435f50524
000000000000000000000
000000000000000000
0000000000000000000
6d6464000002c40000008
f46494c4500010100000c484c696e6
00000f6d6000100000000
000000000011637072
0000000000000116370
8767565640000034c0000
f021000006d6e74725247422058595
d32d48502020000000000
740000015000000033
7274000001500000003
008676696577000003d40
a2007ce0002000900060031000061
000000000000000000000
646573630000018400
3646573630000018400
00000246c756d69000003f
6373704d534654000000004945432
000000000000000000000
00006c777470740000
00006c7774707400000
8000000146d6561730000
07352474200000000000000000000
000000000000000000000
Susunan Pegas.
01f000000014626b70
1f000000014626b7074
040c00000024746563680
00000000f6d6000100000000d32d4
000000000000000000000
740000020400000014
0000020400000014725
00004300000000c725452
85020200000000000000000000000
011637072740000015000
Rangkaian Seri
7258595a0000021800
8595a00000218000000
430000043c0000080c6754
00000000000000000000000000000
000033646573630000018
Jika dua buah
pegas
dengan konstanta pegas k1
0000146758595a0000
146758595a0000022c0
52430000043c0000080c62
00000000000000000000000000000
40000006c777470740000
dan k2 disusun
seri
maka diperoleh konstanta
022c00000014625859
00000146258595a0000
5452430000043c0000080c
00000000000000116370727400000
01f000000014626b70740
pegas gabungan
(kP)
5a0000024000000014
024000000014646d6e6
7465787400000000436f70
15000000033646573630000018400
000020400000014725859
ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020100c800c80000ffe20c584943435f50524f46494c4
646d6e640000025400
4000002540000007064
797269676874202863292
00006c77747074000001f000000014
500010100000c484c696e6f021000006d6e74725247422058595a2007ce000200090
5a0000021800000014675
k1
000070646d64640000
6d6464000002c400000
00600310000616373704d5346540000000049454320735247420000000000000000
031393938204865776c65
626b7074000002040000001472585
8595a0000022c00000014
000000000000f6d6000100000000d32d48502020000000000000000000000000000
02c400000088767565
088767565640000034c
74742d5061636b6172642
95a00000218000000146758595a00
6258595a0000024000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
k2
640000034c00000086
0000008676696577000
0436f6d70616e790000646
00022c000000146258595a0000024
1163707274000001500000003364657363000001840000006c77747074000001f00
014646d6e640000025400
0000014626b707400000204000000147258595a00000218000000146758595a0000
76696577000003d400
003d4000000246c756d
573630000000000000012
000000014646d6e64000002540000
000070646d6464000002c
022c000000146258595a0000024000000014646d6e640000025400000070646d646
0000246c756d690000
69000003f8000000146
735247422049454336313
0070646d6464000002c4000000887
4000002c400000088767565640000034c0000008676696577000003d4000000246c
400000088767565640000
03f8000000146d6561
d6561730000040c0000
756d69000003f8000000146d6561730000040c00000024746563680000043000000
936362d322e3100000000
67565640000034c00000086766965
034c00000086766965770
00c725452430000043c0000080c675452430000043c0000080c625452430000043c0
730000040c00000024
0024746563680000043
000000000000001273524
77000003d4000000246c756d69000
000080c7465787400000000436f7079726967687420286329203139393820486577
00003d4000000246c756d
746563680000043000
00000000c7254524300
6c6574742d5061636b61726420436f6d70616e79000064657363000000000000001
742204945433631393636
003f8000000146d6561730000040c0
69000003f8000000146d6
2735247422049454336313936362d322e3100000000000000000000001273524742
00000c725452430000
00043c0000080c67545
2d322e310000000000000
00000247465636800000430000000
2049454336313936362d322e3100000000000000000000000000000000000000000
561730000040c00000024
Jika n buah 043c0000080c675452
pegas
yang mempunyai konstanta
2430000043c0000080c
000000000000000000000
00000000000000c725452430000043c0000080c675
746563680000043000000
pegas sama 430000043c0000080c
diseri,
maka :
625452430000043c000
00000000000000000000
452430000043c0000080c62545243
00c725452430000043c00
625452430000043c00
0080c74657874000000
0000043c0000080c7465787400000
00080c675452430000043
00080c746578740000
00436f7079726967687
000436f7079726967687420286329
c0000080c625452430000
0000436f7079726967
4202863292031393938
2031393938204865776c6574742d5
043c0000080c746578740
687420286329203139
204865776c6574742d5
061636b61726420436f6d70616e790
0000000436f7079726967
3938204865776c6574
061636b61726420436f
00064657363000000000000001273
687420286329203139393
742d5061636b617264
6d70616e79000064657
5247422049454336313936362d322
8204865776c6574742d50
20436f6d70616e79000
3630000000000000012
e3100000000000000000000001273
61636b61726420436f6d7
064657363000000000
7352474220494543363
5247422049454336313936362d322
0616e7900006465736300
000001273524742204
13936362d322e310000
e3100000000000000000000000000
000000000000127352474
9454336313936362d3
0000000000000000001
0000000000000000000000000000
22049454336313936362d
22e310000000000000
2735247422049454336
322e31000000000000000
000000000127352474
313936362d322e31000
000000012735247422049
220494543363139363
0000000000000000000
454336313936362d322e3
62d322e31000000000
0000000000000000000
100000000000000000000
000000000000000000
0000000000000
000000000000000000000
000000000000000000
Jika terdapat pegas
0000000000000
000000000
yang mempunyai

Rangkaian Paralel
Phase.
Jika dua buah pegas dengan konstanta pegas k1
Gerak harmonis sederhana akan lebih mudah
dan k2 disusun paralel maka diperoleh konstanta
diketahui bila dikenal keadaannya (phasenya).
pegas gabungan (kp)
Phase suatu titik yang bergetar didefinisikan
ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020100c800
sebagai waktu sejak meninggalkan titik seimbang
ffd8ffe000104a464
c80000ffe20c584943435f50524f46494c4
dibagi dengan periodenya.
9460001020100c800
500010100000c484c696e6f021000006d6
e74725247422058595a2007ce00020009
c80000ffe20c584943
000600310000616373704d53465400000
ffd8ffe000104a464946000102
k1
k2
435f50524f46494c4
000494543207352474200000000000000
0100c800c80000ffe20c584943
00000000000000f6d6000100000000d32
500010100000c484c
ffd8ffe000104a4649
d48502020000000000000000000000000
435f50524f46494c4500010100
696e6f021000006d6
460001020100c800c8
000000000000000000000000000000000
000c484c696e6f021000006d6e
e7472524742205859
0000ffe20c584943435
000000000000000000000000000000000
74725247422058595a2007ce0
000011637072740000015000000033646
5a2007ce000200090
f50524f46494c450001
57363000001840000006c777470740000
0020009000600310000616373
00600310000616373
0100000c484c696e6f
01f000000014626b70740000020400000
704d534654000000004945432
0147258595a0000021800000014675859
704d5346540000000
021000006d6e747252
5a0000022c000000146258595a0000024
0735247420000000000000000

Jika
n47422058595a2007ce
buah pegas yang mempunyai
04945432073524742
000000014646d6e640000025400000070
Bila titik Q telah
bergetar t detik maka phasenya :
000000000000f6d6000100000
konstanta 00000000000000000
pegas
sama diparalel, maka :
646d6464000002c400000088767565640
000200090006003100
000034c0000008676696577000003d400
000d32d485020200000000000
00000000000f6d600
00616373704d534654
ffd8ffe000104a4649460
0000246c756d69000003f8000000146d6
ffd8ffe000104a46494600010
0000000000000000000000000
0100000000d32d485
001020100c800c80000ffe
000000004945432073
561730000040c00000024746563680000
20100c800c80000ffe20c5849
0000000000000000000000000
04300000000c725452430000043c00000
=Q =
02020000000000000
20c584943435f50524f46
524742000000000000
80c675452430000043c0000080c625452
T 360
43435f50524f46494c4500010
0000000000000000000000000
00000000000000000
494c4500010100000c484
0000000000000000f6
430000043c0000080c746578740000000
100000c484c696e6f02100000
0000000001163707274000001
0436f7079726967687420286329203139
00000000000000000
c696e6f021000006d6e74
d6000100000000d32d
6d6e74725247422058595a20
3938204865776c6574742d5061636b617
5000000033646573630000018
ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020100c800c80000ffe20c584943
00000000000000000
725247422058595a2007c
485020200000000000
26420436f6d70616e7900006465736300
Sesudah bergetar
( t + T ) detik phasenya :
07ce00020009000600310000
Disusun
Paralel
:
k
P
=
k
1
+
k
2
+
k
3
+
k
4
.
40000006c77747074000001f0
435f50524f46494c4500010100000c484c696e6f021000006d6e
000000000000127352474220494543363
00000000000000000
e00020009000600310000
000000000000000000
13936362d322e31000000000000000000
(t + T)616373704d53465400000000
t00000014626b7074000002040
111
11 Seri
74725247422058595a2007ce000200090006003100006163737
00000000000000116
616373704d53465400000
Disusun
:000000000000000000
. =
kSk1k2+k3k4 +
= =
+1
+
000012735247422049454336313936362
494543207352474200000000
TT 00000147258595a0000021800
04d53465400000000494543207352474200000000000000000
37072740000015000
000494543207352474200
000000000000000000
d322e3100000000000000000000000000
00000000000000000000f6d60
0000146758595a0000022c000
0000000000000000000000000000
Keadaan titik
Q sama dengan keadaan titik Q
00000000000f6d6000100000000d32d48502020000000000000
00003364657363000
000000000000000000000
000000000000000000
00100000000d32d485020200
000146258595a000002400000
dalam hal yang pertama. Mudah dipahami bahwa
00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
001840000006c7774
00000f6d6000100000000
000000000000116370
000000000000000000000000
0014646d6e640000025400000
titik-titik yang
00000000000000000000000000000000116370727400000150
7074000001f000000
d32d48502020000000000
727400000150000000
=====O0O=====
000000000000000000000000
tt070646d6464000002c4000000
t
0000003364657363000001840000006c77747074000001f0000
014626b7074000002
000000000000000000000
336465736300000184
phasenya , 1000000000000000000000000
+88767565640000034c0000008
,2 + ....... dst keadaan
00014626b707400000204000000147258595a00000218000000
TT T
04000000147258595
000000000000000000000
0000006c7774707400
000000000000000000000116
146758595a0000022c000000146258595a00000240000000146
nya sama. 676696577000003d400000024
a0000021800000014
000000000000000000000
0001f000000014626b
370727400000150000000336
6c756d69000003f8000000146
46d6e640000025400000070646d6464000002c4000000887675
6758595a0000022c0
000000000000000000000
707400000204000000
Perbedaan
phase.
4657363000001840000006c7
d6561730000040c0000002474
65640000034c0000008676696577000003d4000000246c756d6
E. GERAK
HARMONIK
SEDERHANA
00000146258595a00
011637072740000015000
147258595a00000218
Titik-titik yang
phasenya sama mempunyai
7747074000001f00000001462
9000003f8000000146d6561730000040c000000247465636800
00024000000014646
000033646573630000018
000000146758595a00
perbedaan 656368000004300000000c725
phase : 0, 1, 2, 3 , 4 , ..... dst.
6b7074000002040000001472
452430000043c0000080c6754
0004300000000c725452430000043c0000080c6754524300000
Getaran Harmonis
: Gerak bolak-balik disekitar
d6e64000002540000
40000006c777470740000
00022c000000146258
Titik-titik yang
keadaannya berlawanan
58595a000002180000001467
52430000043c0000080c62545
43c0000080c625452430000043c0000080c7465787400000000
titik setimbang.
0070646d646400000
01f000000014626b70740
595a00000240000000
58595a0000022c0000001462
2430000043c0000080c746578
436f70797269676874202863292031393938204865776c65747
Waktu yang
dibutuhkan untuk menempuh satu
2c400000088767565
000020400000014725859
14646d6e6400000254
58595a000002400000001464
7400000000436f70797269676
42d5061636b61726420436f6d70616e79000064657363000000
lintasan 640000034c0000008
bolak-balik
disebut Periode (T),
5a0000021800000014675
00000070646d646400
6d6e64000002540000007064
8742028632920313939382048
0000000012735247422049454336313936362d322e310000000
sedangkan676696577000003d4
banyaknya
getaran tiap satuan waktu
8595a0000022c00000014
0002c4000000887675
6d6464000002c40000008876
65776c6574742d5061636b617
00000000000000012735247422049454336313936362d322e31
disebut Frekwensi
(f).
000000246c756d690
6258595a0000024000000
65640000034c000000
7565640000034c0000008676
26420436f6d70616e79000064
00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
00003f8000000146d
014646d6e640000025400
8676696577000003d4
696577000003d4000000246c
6573630000000000000012735
0000 Untuk
beberapa
buah pegas. Berlaku :
6561730000040c000
000070646d6464000002c
000000246c756d6900
756d69000003f8000000146d6
247422049454336313936362d
00024746563680000
400000088767565640000
0003f8000000146d65
ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020100c800c80000ffe20c
561730000040c00000024746
322e310000000000000000000
04300000000c72545
034c00000086766965770
61730000040c000000
584943435f50524f46494c4500010100000c484c696e6f
56368000004300000000c725
0001273524742204945433631
2430000043c000008
00003d4000000246c756d
247465636800000430
021000006d6e74725247422058595a2007ce000200090
452430000043c0000080c675
3936362d322e3100000000000
n = banyaknya
getaran
t
=
lamanya
bergetar
0c675452430000043
69000003f8000000146d6
0000000c7254524300
00600310000616373704d53465400000000494543207
452430000043c0000080c625
0000000000000000000000000
Hubungan
antara periode (T) dan frekwensi
c0000080c62545243
561730000040c00000024
00043c0000080c6754
35247420000000000000000000000000000f6d6000100
452430000043c0000080c746
000000000000000000
0000043c0000080c7
746563680000043000000
52430000043c000008
000000d32d4850202000000000000000000000000000
5787400000000436f70797269
(f) menurut
pernyataan
ini adalah :
46578740000000043
00c725452430000043c00
0c625452430000043c
00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
676874202863292031393938
6f707972696768742
00080c675452430000043
0000080c7465787400
00000000000000000000000011637072740000015000
204865776c6574742d506163
02863292031393938
c0000080c625452430000
000000436f70797269
00003364657363000001840000006c77747074000001f
6b61726420436f6d70616e790
204865776c6574742
043c0000080c746578740
676874202863292031
000000014626b707400000204000000147258595a000
000646573630000000000000
d5061636b61726420
0000000436f7079726967
393938204865776c65
00218000000146758595a0000022c000000146258595a
012735247422049454336313
436f6d70616e79000
687420286329203139393
74742d5061636b6172
0000024000000014646d6e640000025400000070646d
936362d322e3100000000000
06465736300000000
8204865776c6574742d50
6420436f6d70616e79
6464000002c400000088767565640000034c000000867
000000000001273524742204
00000012735247422
61636b61726420436f6d7
000064657363000000
6696577000003d4000000246c756d69000003f8000000
9454336313936362d322e310
04945433631393636
0616e7900006465736300
000000001273524742
146d6561730000040c00000024746563680000043000
000000000000000000000000
2d322e31000000000
000000000000127352474
204945433631393636
00000c725452430000043c0000080c675452430000043
000000000000000000000000
00000000000001273
22049454336313936362d
2d322e310000000000
c0000080c625452430000043c0000080c746578740000
00000t
52474220494543363
322e31000000000000000
000000000000127352
0000436f7079726967687420286329203139393820486
13936362d322e3100
000000012735247422049
474220494543363139
5776c6574742d5061636b61726420436f6d70616e7900
00000000000000000
454336313936362d322e3
36362d322e31000000
00646573630000000000000012735247422049454336
00000000000000000
100000000000000000000
000000000000000000
313936362d322e310000000000000000000000127352
00000000000000000
000000000000000000000
000000000000000000
47422049454336313936362d322e3100000000000000
0 000000000000
0000000000000ktot = n.k
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000

ffd8ffe000104a46494600010
20100c800c80000ffe20c58494
3435f50524f46494c45000101
00000c484c696e6f021000006
d6e74725247422058595a2007
ce00020009000600310000616
373704d53465400000000494
Fpegas = W k x = mg
543207352474200000000000
Kondisi
(3) Pada saat
ffd8ffe000104a4649
00000000000000000f6d60001
beban
diberi simpangan
460001020100c800c8
00000000d32d485020200000
y dari
titik setimbang
0000ffe20c584943435
000000000000000000000000

Persamaan
Gerak Harmonik :
kemudian
dilepaskan,
f50524f46494c450001
000000000000000000000000
Simpangan :
maka
pegas akan
000000000000000000000000
0100000c484c696e6f0
Kecepatan
: ffd8ffe000104a464946
menjalani
gerak
ffd8ffe000104a464946000
000000000000000000116370
21000006d6e7472524
V=
harmonis
0001020100c800c80000
1020100c800c80000ffe20c5
727400000150000000336465
7422058595a2007ce0
ffe20c584943435f50524
84943435f50524f46494c45
7363000001840000006c77747
002000900060031000
f46494c4500010100000
00010100000c484c696e6f0
074000001f000000014626b70
0616373704d5346540
= A ? cos ? t
ffd8ffe000104a46494600
ffd8ffe000104a46494600
c484c696e6f021000006
740000020400000014725859
21000006d6e747252474220
000000049454320735
dy
d6e7472524742205859
Simpangan247420000000000000
yang terbesar disebut
amplitudo
01020100c800c80000ffe20
01020100c800c80000ffe20
5a00000218000000146758595
58595a2007ce00020009000
dt
5a2007ce000200090006
getaran (A).000000000000000f6d
a0000022c000000146258595a
c584943435f50524f46494c
c584943435f50524f46494c
600310000616373704d5346
0000024000000014646d6e640
00310000616373704d5
Waktu yang6000100000000d32d4
diperlukan pegas4500010100000c484c696e
untuk melakukan
4500010100000c484c696e
54000000004945432073524
atau
000025400000070646d64640
3465400000000494543
satu kali getaran
(periode)
dari
A-BC-B-A
dapat
74200000000000000000000
6f021000006d6e74725247
6f021000006d6e74725247
850202000000000000
00002c4000000887675656400
2073524742000000000
dinyatakan 000000000000000000
dalam persamaan 422058595a2007ce000200
berikut :
00000000f6d600010000000
422058595a2007ce000200
00034c0000008676696577000
0000000000000000000f
0d32d485020200000000000
0900060031000061637370
0900060031000061637370
000000000000000000
003d4000000246c756d690000
6d6000100000000d32d

Percepatan
:
00000000000000000000000
ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020
4d53465400000000494543
4d53465400000000494543
000000000000000000
03f8000000146d65617300000
4850202000000000000
dv
00000000000000000000000
2
100c800c80000ffe20c584943435
2073524742000000000000
000000000000000000
a= =-A2073524742000000000000
0000000000000000000
sin t V = ?
40c0000002474656368000004
00000000000000000000000
f50524f46494c4500010100000c4
dt0000000000000000f6d600
2A
000000000001163707
0000000000000000f6d600
300000000c725452430000043
0000000000000000000
00000000000000011637072
84c696e6f021000006d6e747252
atau
?
274000001500000003
0100000000d32d48502020
0100000000d32d48502020
c0000080c675452430000043c
0000000000000000000
74000001500000003364657
47422058595a2007ce000200090
2y
364657363000001840
0000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000
0000080c625452430000043c0
ffd8ffe000104a464946000102010
0000000000000000000
363000001840000006c7774
00600310000616373704d534654
000006c77747074000
0000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000
000080c746578740000000043
0c800c80000ffe20c584943435f505
0000000116370727400
7074000001f000000014626
000000004945432073524742000

Energi
Kinetik
:
001f000000014626b7
6f70797269676874202863292
0000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000
2
24f46494c4500010100000c484c69

Catatan
:
Hendaklah
dibedakan
Ep
pegas
ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020100
0001500000003364657
b7074000002040000001472
0000000000000000000000000f6
Ek
=

m
V
074000002040000001
031393938204865776c657474
0000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000
6e6f021000006d6e7472524742205
c800c80000ffe20c584943435f50524
363000001840000006c
Epsistem
pegas
2
58595a00000218000000146
d6000100000000d32d485020200
47258595a000002180
2d5061636b61726420436f6d7
Ek=
m 2 A y 2
0000001163707274000001
0000001163707274000001
8595a2007ce00020009000600310
f46494c4500010100000c484c696e6
77747074000001f00000
Jika
yang
dimaksud
adalah
Ep
pegas
,
maka
758595a0000022c00000014
000000000000000000000000000
00000146758595a000
0616e79000064657363000000
5000000033646573630000
5000000033646573630000
000616373704d534654000000004
f021000006d6e74725247422058595
0014626b70740000020
perhitungan

x
dihitung
saat
pegas
belum
diberi
6258595a000002400000001
000000000000000000000000000
000000001273524742204945
0022c0000001462585
01840000006c7774707400
01840000006c7774707400
9454320735247420000000000000
a2007ce0002000900060031000061
4000000147258595a00
beban
(pada
titik
A).
Jadi

x'
=

x+y
4646d6e6400000254000000
000000000000000000000000000
4336313936362d322e3100000
95a000002400000001
atau dengan0001f000000014626b7074
k
=m
0001f000000014626b7074
000000000000000f6d6000100000
6373704d534654000000004945432
0002180000001467585
Jika
jika4646d6e64000002540
yang dimaksud Epsistem pegas, maka
70646d6464000002c400000
000000000000000001273524
000000000000116370727400000
0000020400000014725859
0000020400000014725859
000d32d485020200000000000000
07352474200000000000000000000
95a0000022c000000146
perhitungan
x dihitung saat
pegas telah diberi
mempunyai
perbedaan phase : 11 11
088767565640000034c0000
7422049454336313936362d3
150000000336465736300000184
0000070646d6464000
5a00000218000000146758
5a00000218000000146758
0000000000000000000000000000
00000000f6d6000100000000d32d4
258595a000002400000
beban
(Titik
B) Jadi x'= y
008676696577000003d4000
22e3100000000000000000000
0000006c77747074000001f0000
002c40000008876756
, 1 , Potensial
2595a0000022c0000001462
,0014646d6e640000025
3 ............dst
Energi
:
595a0000022c0000001462
0000000000000000000000000000
85020200000000000000000000000
000246c756d69000003f800
00014626b707400000204000000
5640000034c0000008
22 22 000000000000000000000000
58595a0000024000000014
58595a0000024000000014
0000000000000000000000000116
00000000000000000000000000000
400000070646d646400
0000000000
0000146d6561730000040c0
147258595a00000218000000146
676696577000003d40
3707274000001500000003364657
646d6e6400000254000000
00000000000000000000000000000
0002c40000008876756
00000247465636800000430
758595a0000022c000000146258
Contoh646d6e6400000254000000
getaran
harmonis :
00000246c756d69000
363000001840000006c777470740
00000000000000116370727400000
5640000034c00000086
70646d6464000002c40000
70646d6464000002c40000
0000000c725452430000043
595a0000024000000014646d6e6
2. Bandul
003f8000000146d656
Energi
Mekanik
:
00001f000000014626b707400000
15000000033646573630000018400
76696577000003d4000
0088767565640000034c001. Pegas
0088767565640000034c00
c0000080c67545243000004
40000025400000070646d646400
1730000040c0000002
Em =3c0000080c6254524300000
Ek + 00006c77747074000001f000000014
Ep
22
204000000147258595a000002180
000246c756d69000003f
00008676696577000003d4ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020100c800c80000ffe20c584
00008676696577000003d4
0002c4000000887675656400000
474656368000004300
=
k
(A

y
+kyEm = k2
00000146758595a0000022c00000
626b7074000002040000001472585
8000000146d65617300
43c0000080c746578740000
000000246c756d69000003943435f50524f46494c4500010100000c484c696e6f021000
000000246c756d69000003
34c0000008676696577000003d4
000000c72545243000
0146258595a00000240000000146
A2 0000436f707972696768742
(tetap)95a00000218000000146758595a00
00040c0000002474656
f8000000146d6561730000006d6e74725247422058595a2007ce000200090006003100
f8000000146d6561730000
000000246c756d69000003f8000
0043c0000080c67545
C
46d6e640000025400000070646d6
00022c000000146258595a0000024
368000004300000000c
02863292031393938204865
040c00000024746563680000616373704d53465400000000494543207352474200000
040c000000247465636800
000146d6561730000040c000000
2430000043c0000080
464000002c400000088767565640
00000000000000000000000f6d6000100000000d32d4850
000000014646d6e64000002540000
725452430000043c000
776c6574742d5061636b617
2474656368000004300000000c7
0004300000000c72545243
0004300000000c72545243
c625452430000043c0
F = mg sin
000034c000000867669657700000
0070646d6464000002c4000000887
0080c67545243000004
26420436f6d70616e790000
Catatan
:
25452430000043c0000080c6754
0000043c0000080c67545220200000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000043c0000080c675452
000080c74657874000
3d4000000246c756d69000003f800
00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
67565640000034c00000086766965
3c0000080c6254524300
1.
Terdapat
2
keadaan
"spesifik" pada gerak
64657363000000000000001
52430000043c0000080c6254524
00000436f707972696
430000043c0000080c6254
430000043c0000080c6254
0000146d6561730000040c000000
00001163707274000001500000003364657363000001840
77000003d4000000246c756d69000
00043c0000080c746578
harmonik
yaitu52430000043c0000080c74
:
27352474220494543363139
30000043c0000080c7465787400
52430000043c0000080c74
Pada
gambar768742028632920313
diatas menunjukkan
sebuah ayunan
2474656368000004300000000c72
000006c77747074000001f000000014626b7074000002040
003f8000000146d6561730000040c0
7400000000436f707972
1.
Saat
Simpangan Maksimum (ymaks =
36362d322e3100000000000
000000436f70797269676874202
93938204865776c657
65787400000000436f7079
65787400000000436f7079
yang
bergerak
harmonik dengan
simpangan sudut ,
5452430000043c0000080c675452
00000147258595a00000218000000146758595a0000022c
00000247465636800000430000000
6967687420286329203
A), 00000000000127352474220
maka :
863292031393938204865776c65
4742d5061636b61726
L panjang
tali
dan y adalah simpangan
yang
7269676874202863292031
7269676874202863292031
430000043c0000080c6254524300
000000146258595a0000024000000014646d6e640000025
0c725452430000043c0000080c675
1393938204865776c65
49454336313936362d322e3
74742d5061636b61726420436f6
420436f6d70616e790
besarnya
L
sin
.
Pada
saat
ayunan
bergerak
maka
393938204865776c657474
393938204865776c657474
Satuan frekwensi
dalam SI adalah
putaran per
00043c0000080c74657874000000
400000070646d6464000002c40000008876756564000003
452430000043c0000080c62545243
: V74742d5061636b61726
10000000000000000000000
d70616e79000064657363000000
Kecepatan
Kondisi
(1)
:min = 0
000646573630000000
pada
bekerja
gaya pemulih
yang besarnya F
2d5061636b61726420436f
2d5061636b61726420436f
detik ayunan
atau Hertz
(Hz).
00436f7079726967687420286329
4c0000008676696577000003d4000000246c756d6900000
0000043c0000080c7465787400000
420436f6d70616e79000
00000000000000000000000
Percepatan
: akeadaan
maks = -tergantung
A
000000001273524742204945433
Pegas dalam
bebas.
= mg
sin . 000000012735247422
6d70616e79000064657363
Posisi
pada
saat resultan 6d70616e79000064657363
gaya bekerja pada
2031393938204865776c6574742d
3f8000000146d6561730000040c000000247465636800000
000436f7079726967687420286329
0646573630000000000
000000000
Waktu
yang049454336313936362
diperlukan
bandul untuk melakukan
Energi
Kinetik
: Ek
min = 0dapat ditentukan
6313936362d322e310000000000
Konstanta
pegas
k
belum
0000000000000012735247
0000000000000012735247
partikel
bergetar
sama
nol disebut
5061636b61726420436f6d70616e7
4300000000c725452430000043c0000080c675452430000
2031393938204865776c6574742d5
0000127352474220494
satu
kali yang
getaran
(periode)
daridengan
A-B-CB-A
dapat
000000000000127352474220494
dari keadaan
(1) ini
Energi
Potensial
: Epmaks = Em = k A
d322e3100000000000
posisi
seimbang.
422049454336313936362d
422049454336313936362d
9000064657363000000000000001
043c0000080c625452430000043c0000080c746578740000
061636b61726420436f6d70616e790
54336313936362d322e
dinyatakan
dalam
persamaan
berikut
:
54336313936362d322e31000000
000000000001273524
322e3100000000000000000000436f707972696768742028632920313939382048657
322e310000000000000000
2735247422049454336313936362
00064657363000000000000001273
3100000000000000000
000000000000000000000000000
742204945433631393
0000001273524742204945
0000001273524742204945
d322e31000000000000000000000
76c6574742d5061636b61726420436f6d70616e790000646
5247422049454336313936362d322
0000012735247422049
000000000000000000000
6362d322e310000000
4336313936362d322e310057363000000000000001273524742204945433631393636
4336313936362d322e3100
0127352474220494543363139363
e3100000000000000000000001273
454336313936362d322
000000000000000000
00000000000000000000002d322e31000000000000000000000012735247422049454
0000000000000000000000
62d322e310000000000000000000
5247422049454336313936362d322
e310000000000000000
000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000
336313936362d322e310000000000000000000000000000
e3100000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000
00000000000
0000000 A
00000000
00000000
00000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000

Kondisi (2) Pada kondisi (2) dicapai


keseimbangan antara gaya pemulih (restoring
Force) yang berarah ke atas pada pegas dengan
berat benda ke bawah, sehingga konstanta
pegas k dapat ditentukan

ffd8ffe000104a46
49460001020100c
800c80000ffe20c5
ffd8ffe000104a46
84943435f50524f4
49460001020100c8
6494c4500010100
Saat Simpangan Minimum (ymin = 0), maka A. simpangan maksimum, kecepatan
dan : percepatannya
00c80000ffe20c584
000c484c696e6f02
maksimum
943435f50524f4649
1000006d6e74725
B.
simpangan
maksimum, kecepatan dan
4c4500010100000c
247422058595a20
Kecepatan : =VAmaks
percepatannya minimum
484c696e6f021000
Percepatan : amin = 0006d6e7472524742
C. simpangan maksimum, kecepatannya maksimum,07ce00020009000
dan percepatannya
600310000616373
Energi Potensial : Ep
min = 0 minimum
2058595a2007ce00
704d53465400000
2
Energi Kinetik : Ek0200090006003100
maks = Em = k A
000494543207352
D.
simpangan
maksimum, kecepatannya
00616373704d5346
474200000000000
nol, dan percepatannya maksimum
2.
Rumus Praktisffd8ffe000104a4649
Hubungan energi dengan
5400000000494543
000000000000000
E.
simpangan
maksimum energinya
460001020100c800c8
simpangan, kecepatan
dan percepatan maksimum
2073524742000000
00f6d6000100000
0000ffe20c584943435
0000000000000000
Jawaban : D 000d32d48502020
f50524f46494c450001

000000f6d6000100
Jawaban cukup000000000000000
jelas lihat catatan no.1
0100000c484c696e6f
ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020
000000d32d485020
000000000000000
021000006d6e747252
100c800c80000ffe20c58494343
2000000000000000
000000000000000
2.
Pada benda
yang mengalami getaran
47422058595a2007ce
5f50524f46494c4500010100000
0000000000000000
000000000000000
harmonik, maka jumlah energi kinetik dan energi
000200090006003100
c484c696e6f021000006d6e7472
0000000000000000
potensialnya adalah000000000000000
. ...
00616373704d534654
5247422058595a2007ce000200
0000000000000000
000000000000000
ffd8ffe000104a46494600010
A. maksimum pada simpangan maksimum
000000004945432073
09000600310000616373704d53
2
0000000000000000
20100c800c80000ffe20c5849
B. maksimum pada simpangan
nol
ky
000011637072740
524742000000000000
43435f50524f46494c4500010
46540000000049454320735247
0000000000000000

Bukti
: y= A 100000c484c696e6f02100000
C. tetap besarnya pada simpangan berapa000015000000033
0000000000000000f6
42000000000000000000000000
6d6e74725247422058595a20
kA 2 terbukti
1163707274000001
2
646573630000018
07ce00020009000600310000
pun
d6000100000000d32d
0000f6d6000100000000d32d48
5000000033646573
616373704d53465400000000
40000006c777470
D.
berbanding
lurus dengan simpangannya
485020200000000000
494543207352474200000000
50202000000000000000000000
6300000184000000
00000000000000000000f6d60
74000001f000000
ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020100c8
E.
berbanding
terbalik dengan simpangan
000000000000000000
00000000000000000000000000
00100000000d32d485020200
6c77747074000001
014626b70740000
00c80000ffe20c584943435f50524f464
nya
000000000000000000000000
000000000000000000
00000000000000000000000000
f000000014626b70
000000000000000000000000
020400000014725
94c4500010100000c484c696e6f02100
000000000000000000
000000000000000000000000
00000000000000000000001163
7400000204000000
000000000000000000000116
8595a0000021800
0006d6e74725247422058595a2007ce0
Jawaban
:
C
Jawaban
cukup jelas, lihat
000000000000000000
70727400000150000000336465
370727400000150000000336
147258595a000002
0000146758595a0
0020009000600310000616373704d534
persamaan gerak harmonik
4657363000001840000006c7
000000000000116370
7363000001840000006c777470
1800000014675859
7747074000001f00000001462
000022c00000014
65400000000494543207352474200000
727400000150000000
6b7074000002040000001472
74000001f000000014626b7074
5a0000022c000000
6258595a0000024
58595a000002180000001467
00000000000000000000000f6d600010
3. Sebuah benda diikat pada ujung suatu
pegas
336465736300000184
00000204000000147258595a00
mv 2
146258595a000002
58595a0000022c0000001462
000000014646d6e
0000000d32d485020200000000000000
dan
digetarkan
harmonis
dengan amplitudo

0000006c7774707400
Bukti
: v = A58595a000002400000001464
000218000000146758595a0000
4000000014646d6e
2 2
6d6e64000002540000007064
640000025400000
00000000000000000000000000000000
Konstanta pegas = C. Pada saat simpangan benda 0,5 A, energi kinetik
0001f000000014626b
022c000000146258595a000002
6d6464000002c40000008876
2 m A A. terbukti
6400000254000000
070646d64640000
00000000000000000000000000000000
7565640000034c0000008676
707400000204000000
4000000014646d6e6400000254
Percepatan
70646d6464000002
696577000003d4000000246c
02c400000088767
00000000000000000116370727400000
ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020100c800c80000ffe20c584943435f505
147258595a00000218
756d69000003f8000000146d6
00000070646d6464000002c400
c400000088767565
2
561730000040c00000024746
565640000034c00
15000000033646573630000018400000
24f46494c4500010100000c484c696e6f021000006d6e7472524742205
A. 1/8 CA D. 3/8
CA2
000000146758595a00
000088767565640000034c0000
56368000004300000000c725
640000034c000000
2
000086766965770
06c77747074000001f000000014626b7
8595a2007ce00020009000600310000616373704d5346540000000049
B. 3/4 CA E. 1/2
CA2
452430000043c0000080c675
00022c000000146258
008676696577000003d4000000
8676696577000003
2
452430000043c0000080c625
00003d400000024
07400000204000000147258595a00000
454320735247420000000000000000000000000000f6d600010000000
C. 1/4
595a00000240000000
452430000043c0000080c746
246c756d69000003f800000014
d4000000246c756d
5787400000000436f70797269
6c756d69000003f
218000000146758595a0000022c00000
0d32d4850202000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
CA
14646d6e6400000254
6d6561730000040c0000002474
676874202863292031393938
69000003f8000000
0146258595a0000024000000014646d6
Jawaban : D 8000000146d6561
000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000001163707
204865776c6574742d506163
00000070646d646400
656368000004300000000c7254
Bukti
:2
146d656173000004
6b61726420436f6d70616e790
730000040c00000
e640000025400000070646d646400000
y = 1/2 A, gunakan
rumus Ek = 1/2 mv
274000001500000003364657363000001840000006c77747074000001
0002c4000000887675
2
2 000646573630000000000000
52430000043c0000080c675452
0c00000024746563
a=-
y=
-
A
012735247422049454336313
024746563680000
2c400000088767565640000034c00000
f000000014626b707400000204000000147258595a000002180000001
65640000034c000000
430000043c0000080c62545243
936362d322e3100000000000
6800000430000000
04300000000c725
08676696577000003d4000000246c756
46758595a0000022c000000146258595a0000024000000014646d6e64
E
+E
000000000001273524742204
8676696577000003d4
0000043c0000080c7465787400
PK
2
2
2
0c72545243000004
9454336313936362d322e310
Ek
=
1/2
k
(A

y
452430000043c00
d69000003f8000000146d65617300000
3. Kecepatan 0000025400000070646d6464000002c400000088767565640000034c0
sudut
000000246c756d6900
000000000000000000000000
000000436f7079726967687420
3c0000080c675452
00080c675452430
40c00000024746563680000043000000
000000000000000000000000
000008676696577000003d4000000246c756d69000003f8000000146d
0003f8000000146d65
2863292031393938204865776c
ffd8ffe000104a4649460001020100c800c80000ffe20c584943435f50524f46494c4500010100000c484c696e6f021000006d6e7472524742
430000043c000008
00000
2
000043c0000080c
00c725452430000043c0000080c67545
6561730000040c0000002474656368000004300000000c72545243000
61730000040c000000
6574742d5061636b6172642043
2058595a2007ce00020009000600310000616373704d5346540000000049454320735247420000000000000000000000000000f6d6000100
0c62545243000004
625452430000043
2430000043c0000080c6254524300000
0043c0000080c675452430000043c0000080c625452430000043c0000
247465636800000430
6f6d70616e7900006465736300
000000d32d48502020000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
3c0000080c746578
c0000080c746578
43c0000080c7465787400000000436f7
080c7465787400000000436f707972696768742028632920313939382
0000000c7254524300
00000000000012735247422049
01163707274000001500000003364657363000001840000006c77747074000001f000000014626b707400000204000000147258595a00000
7400000000436f70
7400000000436f7
07972696768742028632920313939382
04865776c6574742d5061636b61726420436f6d70616e790000646573
00043c0000080c6754
Dengan
f = frekuensi
(Hz)
454336313936362d322e310000
218000000146758595a0000022c000000146258595a0000024000000014646d6e640000025400000070646d6464000002c40000008876756
7972696768742028
adalah......
079726967687420
04865776c6574742d5061636b6172642
630000000000000012735247422049454336313936362d322e3100000
52430000043c000008
T = periode
(detik)
00000000000000000012735247
5640000034c0000008676696577000003d4000000246c756d69000003f8000000146d6561730000040c00000024746563680000043000000
6329203139393820
A.
nol
D.
0,87A
286329203139393
0436f6d70616e7900006465736300000
0000000000000000012735247422049454336313936362d322e310000
0c625452430000043c
422049454336313936362d322e
00c725452430000043c0000080c675452430000043c0000080c625452430000043c0000080c7465787400000000436f70797269676874202
4865776c6574742d
B.0,5A
E.1A
C.0,64
A
8204865776c6574
00000000012735247422049454336313
00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000benda
0000080c7465787400
31000000000000000000000000
863292031393938204865776c6574742d5061636b61726420436f6d70616e790000646573630000000000000012735247422049454336313
5061636b61726420
742d5061636b617
936362d322e310000000000000000000
sebesar .... 000000436f70797269
00000000000000000000000000
936362d322e31000000000000000000000012735247422049454336313936362d322e310000000000000000000000000000000000000000
436f6d70616e7900
26420436f6d7061
00012735247422049454336313936362
676874202863292031
4. Sebuah benda melakukan gerak harmonis dengan amplitudo A. Pada saat
000000000000000000
Simpangan
0064657363000000
6e7900006465736
d322e310000000000000000000000000
393938204865776c65
kecepatannya
sama dengan setengah kecepatan maksimum, simpangannya
0000000012735247
300000000000000
00000000000000000000000000000
74742d5061636b6172
4220494543363139
127352474220494
6420436f6d70616e79
36362d322e310000
54336313936362d
2
000064657363000000
0000000000000000
322e31000000000
000000001273524742
0012735247422049
000000000000012
204945433631393636
454336313936362d
735247422049454
2d322e310000000000
322e310000000000
336313936362d32
000000000000127352
0000000000000000
2e3100000000000
474220494543363139
0000000000000000
000000000000000
36362d322e31000000
EP
000000000000000
000000000000000000
000000000000
0000000000000A2
000000000000000000
terbukti dengan v =
000000000000
2

y 2 . Jadi

) = 3/8 CA

ffd8ffe000
104a464946
0001020100
c800c80000
ffe20c58494
5.
Pada getaran
harmonik, massa beban yang
digantung pada 3435f50524
ujung bawah pegas 1 kg, periode
f46494c450
getarannya 2 detik.
Jika massa beban ditambah
0010100000
sehingga sekarang
menjadi 4 kg, maka periode
getarnya adalah c484c696e6
....
A. 1/4 detik f021000006
D.4detik
d6e7472524
B. 1/2 detik E. 8 detik
C. 1 detik 7422058595
Jawaban :ffd8ffe000104a4649
Da2007ce000
ffd8ffe000104a46494
ffd8ffe000104a46494
2000900060
460001020100c800c8
T ' 60001020100c800c80
60001020100c800c80
Karena T0000ffe20c584943435
0310000616
= 000ffe20c584943435f
000ffe20c584943435f
50524f46494c4500010
Tm
373704d534
f50524f46494c450001
50524f46494c450001100000c484c696e6f02
ffd8ffe000104a464
'
1000006d6e74725247
T
6540000000
9460001020100c80
0100000c484c696e6f0
0100000c484c696e6f0
422058595a2007ce00
= 0c80000ffe20c5849
0494543207
T ' = 4 det ik
020009000600310000
21000006d6e7472524
21 43435f50524f46494
21000006d6e7472524
616373704d53465400
c4500010100000c4
3524742000
7422058595a2007ce0
7422058595a2007ce0000000494543207352
84c696e6f02100000
474200000000000000
0000000000
002000900060031000
6d6e747252474220
6.
Sebuah
benda
diikat dengan seutas
benang
002000900060031000
00000000000000f6d6
58595a2007ce00020
0000000000
0616373704d5346540
000100000000d32d48
dan dibiarkan
0090006003100006
berayun
dengan simpangan
kecil.
0616373704d5346540
502020000000000000
16373704d5346540
00000f6d60
000000049454320735
Supaya periode
ayunan
bertambah
besar,
maka
. ...
000000000000000000
000000049454320735
0000000494543207
000000000000000000
0010000000
247420000000000000
3524742000000000
247420000000000000
000000000000000000
0000000000000000
0d32d48502
000000000000000f6d
A. 000f6d60001000000
benda
diberi simpangan000000000000000000
mula-mula
000000000000000f6d
000000000011637072
0200000000
00d32d4850202000
6000100000000d32d4
yang besar
6000100000000d32d4
740000015000000033
0000000000000000
0000000000
646573630000018400
850202000000000000
0000000000000000
B. benang
penggantung
diperpendek
850202000000000000
00006c777470740000
0000000000000000
0000000000
000000000000000000
01f000000014626b70
C. benang
penggantung
diperpanjang
000000000000000000
0000000000000000
740000020400000014
0000000000
0000000000000000
000000000000000000
D. massa
benda
ditambah
000000000000000000
ffd8ffe000104a46494600010
7258595a0000021800
0000000000001163
0000000000
0000146758595a0000
000000000000000000
7072740000015000
E. massa
benda
berkurang
000000000000000000
20100c800c80000ffe20c58494
022c00000014625859
0000336465736300
0000000000
000000000000000000
5a0000024000000014
000000000000000000
3435f50524f46494c45000101
0001840000006c77
646d6e640000025400
0000000000
747074000001f0000
000000000001163707
Jawaban
:
C
000000000001163707
00000c484c696e6f021000006
000070646d64640000
00014626b7074000
0000000000
274000001500000003
02c400000088767565
0020400000014725
274000001500000003
d6e74725247422058595a2007
L
640000034c00000086
Dari T8595a00000218000
=364657363000001840
2 0000000000
76696577000003d400
364657363000001840
ce00020009000600310000616
000146758595a000
g
0000246c756d690000
0000000116
000006c77747074000
0022c00000014625
000006c77747074000
373704d534654000000004945
03f8000000146d6561
8595a00000240000
memperbesar
T4320735247420000000000000
dilakukan dengan
menam bah
3707274000
001f000000014626b7
730000040c00000024
001f000000014626b7
00014646d6e64000
746563680000043000
panjang
tali
0015000000
0025400000070646
074000002040000001
074000002040000001
000000000000000f6d6000100
00000c725452430000
d6464000002c4000
0336465736
043c0000080c675452
47258595a000002180
0008876756564000
47258595a000002180
000000d32d485020200000000
430000043c0000080c
0034c00000086766
7.
Pada
gambar
di
bawah
ini
k1 k2,
3000001840
00000146758595a000
625452430000043c00
00000146758595a000
0000000000000000000000000
96577000003d4000
00080c746578740000
apabila massa
beban
adalah m bergetar secara
000006c777
000246c756d69000
0022c0000001462585
0022c0000001462585
0000000000000000000000000
0000436f7079726967
periodik 003f8000000146d65
dalam
arah
vertikal,
maka
periode
4707400000
687420286329203139
95a000002400000001
61730000040c0000
95a000002400000001
0000000000000000000000000
3938204865776c6574
0024746563680000
getarannya adalah

1f00000001
4646d6e64000002540
742d5061636b617264
4646d6e64000002540
0000000000001163707274000
04300000000c7254
20436f6d70616e79000
4626b70740
52430000043c0000
0000070646d6464000
0000070646d6464000
0015000000033646573630000
064657363000000000
080c675452430000
0000204000
002c40000008876756
000001273524742204
043c0000080c6254
002c40000008876756
01840000006c7774707400000
9454336313936362d3
52430000043c0000
k
1
0001472585
5640000034c0000008
22e310000000000000
5640000034c0000008
1f000000014626b7074000002
080c746578740000
000000000127352474
95a0000021
676696577000003d40
0000436f707972696
676696577000003d40
04000000147258595a0000021
220494543363139363
7687420286329203
k2
8000000146
00000246c756d69000
62d322e31000000000
1393938204865776
00000246c756d69000
8000000146758595a0000022c
000000000000000000
c6574742d5061636
758595a000
003f8000000146d656
003f8000000146d656
000000146258595a000002400
000000000000000000
b61726420436f6d70
A. 616e790000646573
21730000040c0000002
0022c00000
'
m 0000014646d6e640000025400
1730000040c0000002
000000000m
6300000000000000
0146258595
474656368000004300
474656368000004300
000070646d6464000002c4000
1273524742204945
a000002400
4336313936362d32
000000c72545243000
000000c72545243000
00088767565640000034c0000
2e31000000000000
k+k
0000014646
0043c0000080c67545
12
0000000000127352
008676696577000003d400000
B. 4742204945433631
2 0043c0000080c67545
2430000043c0000080
md6e6400000
m (k
2430000043c0000080
0246c756d69000003f8000000
1+
3936362d322e3100
2540000007
0000000000000000
c625452430000043c0
k c625452430000043c0
) 146d6561730000040c0000002
C. 0000000000000000
2
20646d64640
000080c74657874000
0000000000000000
000080c74657874000
474656368000004300000000c
. k2 m
000000000436f707972696
4 k100002c4000
00000436f707972696
725452430000043c0000080c6
0008876756
=====O0O=====
768742028632920313
768742028632920313
.kk1)75452430000043c0000080c62
D.
293938204865776c657
(k125640000034
+
93938204865776c657
5452430000043c0000080c746
c000000867
k2
4742d5061636b61726
4742d5061636b61726
5787400000000436f70797269
k6696577000
+ k2
420436f6d70616e790
1
420436f6d70616e790
6768742028632920313939382
E.
2
003d400000
000646573630000000
m(k
.k
1 04865776c6574742d5061636b
2)Soal dan Pembahasan :
000646573630000000

Contoh
0246c756d6
000000012735247422
000000012735247422
61726420436f6d70616e79000
9000003f80
049454336313936362
049454336313936362
0646573630000000000000012
1. Jawaban
Untuk: C benda
yang menjalani getaran
00000146d6
d322e3100000000000
d322e3100000000000
7352474220494543363139363
harmonik, maka
pada....
5617300000
000000000001273524
000000000001273524
62d322e310000000000000000
40c0000002
742204945433631393
742204945433631393
0000001273524742204945433
4746563680
6362d322e310000000
6362d322e310000000
6313936362d322e3100000000
0000430000
000000000000000000
000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000
0000c72545
000000000000000000
000000000000000000
000000000000000000000,
2430000043
00000000000k
+ k2 untuk
00000000000
tampak1bahwa

ffd8ffe000
ffd8ffe000104a46
104a46494
49460001020100c
600010201
800c80000ffe20c5
00c800c80
84943435f50524f4
6494c4500010100
Ingat untuk 2000ffe20c5
pegas disusun seri, maka
84943435f5
000c484c696e6f02
konstanta
pegasnya
totalnya adalah : k1.k2
0524f46494
1000006d6e74725
ffd8ffe000104a464946000
c45000101
ktot
= . 1020100c800c80000ffe20c5
Jadi dari T = 2 ,
247422058595a20
k+k k
12
tot
00000c484
07ce00020009000
84943435f50524f46494c45
c696e6f021
600310000616373
00010100000c484c696e6f0
m (k1 + k2)
diperoleh
T
=
2 21000006d6e747252474220
000006d6e
704d53465400000
k1 .
747252474
000494543207352
58595a2007ce00020009000
k
22058595a
474200000000000
600310000616373704d534
2
8.
Sebuah pegas
yang panjangnya 20 cm
2007ce000
000000000000000
6540000000049454320735
digantungkan
vertikal.
Kemudian ujung bawahnya
200090006
00f6d6000100000
2474200000000000000000
diberi 000d32d48502020
beban 200
gr
sehingga panjangnya
003100006
00000000000f6d600010000
bertambah
10 cm.
Beban ditarik 5 cm ke bawah
16373704d
000000000000000
0000d32d48502020000000
kemudian
dilepas
sehingga beban bergetar
534654000
000000000000000
0000000000000000000000
harmonik.
Jika 000004945
g = 10
m/s2 maka frekwensi
000000000000000
0000000000000000000000
getaran000000000000000
sistem pegas
adalah
432073524
0000000000000000000000
D.8,8Hz
742000000
000000000000000
0000000000000000000000
2,25
Hz
E. 10,8 Hz
000000000
000000000000000
1163707274000001500000
5,0000011637072740
Hz
000000000
0033646573630000018400
0000f6d600
000015000000033
00006c77747074000001f00
010000000
646573630000018
0000014626b70740000020
0d32d4850
40000006c777470
4000000147258595a000002
202000000
74000001f00000018000000146758595a00000
000000000
014626b70740000
22c000000146258595a0000
000000000
020400000014725
024000000014646d6e64000
000000000
8595a0000021800
0025400000070646d64640
000000000
0000146758595a0
00002c40000008876756564
000000000
000022c00000014
0000034c000000867669657
000000000
6258595a0000024
7000003d4000000246c756d
000000000
000000014646d6e
69000003f8000000146d656
000000000
640000025400000
1730000040c000000247465
000000000
070646d64640000
6368000004300000000c725
000000001
02c400000088767
452430000043c0000080c67
163707274
565640000034c00
5452430000043c0000080c6
000001500
000086766965770
25452430000043c0000080c
000003364
00003d400000024
7465787400000000436f707
657363000
6c756d69000003f
9726967687420286329203
001840000
8000000146d6561
1393938204865776c657474
006c77747
730000040c00000
2d5061636b61726420436f6
074000001f
024746563680000
d70616e7900006465736300
000000014
04300000000c725
0000000000001273524742
626b70740
452430000043c00
2049454336313936362d32
000020400
00080c675452430
2e310000000000000000000
000014725
000043c0000080c
0001273524742204945433
8595a0000
625452430000043
6313936362d322e31000000
021800000
c0000080c746578
0000000000000000000000
014675859
7400000000436f7
0000000000000000000000
5a0000022
079726967687420
0000m
c00000014
286329203139393
6258595a0
8204865776c6574
000024000
742d5061636b617
000014646
26420436f6d7061
Jawaban
:DV
= 1/2 Vmaks
d6e640000
6e7900006465736
V =300000000000000
1/2 A 025400000
127352474220494
070646d64
254336313936362d
2 22 64000002c
2
Ay
=1/4A
y
400000088
322e31000000000
767565640
=3/4AJadiy=1/2
000000000000012
000034c00
735247422049454
000086766
336313936362d32
965770000
2e3100000000000
03d400000
000000000000000
0246c756d
000000000000000
2
69000003f8
0000000000000A
y 2 =1/2A000000146

ffd8ffe000
ffd8ffe000
ffd8ffe000
ffd8ffe000
104a46494
104a46494
104a46494
104a464946
600010201
600010201
600010201
0001020100
00c800c800
00c800c800
00c800c800
c800c80000f
ffd8ffe000104a4649460
00ffe20c58
00ffe20c58
00ffe20c58
fe20c584943
ffd8ffe000104a464 001020100c800c80000ff
4943435f50
4943435f50
4943435f50
435f50524f4
9460001020100c800 e20c584943435f50524f4
6494c4500010100000c48
E
+
E
2E
PK
p
524f46494c
524f46494c
524f46494c
6494c45000
c80000ffe20c58494
4c696e6f021000006d6e7
4725247422058595a2007
450001010
450001010
450001010
0
A sin 3435f50524f46494c
t = 1/2 2 A. Jadi t =ce0002000900060031000
45 10100000c4
0000c484c6
0000c484c6
0000c484c6
84c696e6f02
4500010100000c484 0616373704d534654000
00000494543207352474
96e6f02100
96e6f02100
96e6f02100
1000006d6e
c696e6f021000006d 20000000000000000000
=====O0O=====
000000000f6d600010000
0006d6e74
0006d6e74
0006d6e74
7472524742
6e747252474220585
0000d32d485020200000
725247422
725247422
725247422
2058595a20
95a2007ce00020009 00000000000000000000
00000000000000000000
058595a20
058595a20
058595a20
07ce000200
0006003100006163

Soal-soal :
00000000000000000000
07ce000200
07ce000200
07ce000200
0900060031
00000000000000000000
73704d5346540000
00000000001163707274
090006003
090006003
090006003
0000616373
0000494543207352
1.
Pada
gerak harmonik 00000150000000336465
sederhana
selalu
7363000001840000006c7
100006163
100006163
100006163
704d534654
terdapat 4742000000000000
perbandingan yang7747074000001f0000000
tetap
antara
73704d534
73704d534
73704d534
0000000049
14626b70740000020400
0000000000000000f
simpangan
dan ....
0000147258595a0000021
654000000
654000000
654000000
4543207352
6d6000100000000d
8000000146758595a0000
A. kecepatannya
D. frekuensinya
022c000000146258595a0
004945432
004945432
004945432
4742000000
32d4850202000000
B. percepatannya
E. massanya
000024000000014646d6e
073524742
073524742
073524742
0000000000
64000002540000007064
0000000000000000
C. periodenya
6d6464000002c40000008
000000000
000000000
000000000
0000000000
0000000000000000 8767565640000034c0000
000000000
000000000
000000000
00f6d60001
0000000000000000
2.
Frekuensi
nada A =440008676696577000003d4
Hz.
Oktaf nada
000000246c756d6900000
000000000
000000000
000000000
00000000d3
0000000000000000
tersebut mempunyai
frekuensi.... 3f8000000146d65617300
00040c000000247465636
0f6d600010
0f6d600010
0f6d600010
2d48502020
0000000000000000
A. 880Hz
D. 110Hz 8000004300000000c7254
0000000d3
0000000d3
0000000d3
0000000000
52430000043c0000080c6
E.55Hz0000000001163707 75452430000043c000008
2d4850202
2d4850202
0000000000
2202d4850202
Hz2740000015000000 0c625452430000043c000
0080c7465787400000000
000000000
000000000
000000000
0000000000
0336465736300000 436f70797269676874202
000000000
000000000
000000000
0000000000
86329203139393820486
1840000006c777470
3.
Sebuah
benda yang massanya
0,005 kg
5776c6574742d5061636b
000000000
000000000
000000000
0000000000
74000001f00000001
bergerak harmonik
sederhana dengan
periode 0,04
61726420436f6d70616e7
000000000
000000000
000000000
0000000000
4626b70740000020
sekon dan
amplitudonya
0,01 90000646573630000000
00000001273524742204
000000000
000000000
000000000
9454336313936362d322e
4000000147258595a
Percepatan
maksimum benda sama0000000000
dengan ... .
31000000000000000000
000000000
000000000
000000000
0000000000
2
2
0000021800000014
00001273524742204945
123 m/s D. 988 m/s
4336313936362d322e310
000000000
000000000
000000000
0000000000
6758595a0000022c0
2
2 00000000000000000000
247m/s
E. 1976m/s 000000000
000000000
000000000
0000116370
00000146258595a00 00000000000000000000
2
494000000000
m/s0002400000001464 0000000000000
000000000
000000000
7274000001
EP y =
000000000
000000000
000000000
5000000033
6d6e6400000254000 A y = A
000001163
000001163
6465736300
00070646d6464000
4.
Ketika
simpangan sebuah 000001163
pegas
yang ber
707274000
707274000
707274000
0001840000
002c4000000887675
getar harmonis
setengah dari amplitudonya,
energi
001500000
001500000
001500000
006c777470
65640000034c00000
potensial dan energi kinetisnya berbanding
003364657
003364657
003364657
74000001f0
0867669657700000
363000001
363000001
363000001
0000001462
A.1:1
D.1:
3d4000000246c756d
840000006
840000006
840000006
6b70740000
69000003f80000001
E.1:c77747074
3
c77747074
0204000000
46d6561730000040c c77747074
1 : 4000001f000
000001f000
000001f000
147258595a
0000002474656368
000014626
000014626
0000021800
000004300000000c7 000014626
b70740000
b70740000
b70740000
0000146758
5.
Simpangan
sebuah
pegas
yang
bergetar
25452430000043c00
020400000
020400000
020400000
595a000002
00080c67545243000
harmonis dengan
amplitudo
014725859
014725859
014725859
2c00000014
waktu
energi
kinetisnya dua
kali energi
0043c0000080c6254
5a0000021
5a0000021
5a0000021
6258595a00
potensialnya
adalah

52430000043c00000
A. 800000014
800000014
0002400000
80c74657874000000 800000014
6758595a0
6758595a0
6758595a0
0014646d6e
00436f70797269676
B. 6/2cm
E.1cm
000022c00
000022c00
000022c00
6400000254
8742028632920313
C. 6/3cm
000014625
000014625
000014625
0000007064
93938204865776c65
8595a0000
8595a0000
8595a0000
6d64640000
74742d5061636b61
6.
Sebuah
benda
melakukan
getaran
024000000
024000000
024000000
02c4000000
726420436f6d70616
harmonis
dengan
periode
T.
Waktu
minimum
014646d6e
014646d6e
8876756564
e7900006465736300 014646d6e
yang diperlukan
benda
agar
simpangannya
1/2 A
640000025
640000025
640000025
0000034c00
0000000000001273
adalah
400000070
400000070
400000070
0000867669
5247422049454336
T 313936362d322e310
T
646d64640
646d64640
646d64640
6577000003
D.
A.
00002c400
00002c400
00002c400
d400000024
2 0000000000000000
6
000088767
000088767
000088767
6c756d6900
T 0000012735247422
T
B. 565640000
E. 565640000
565640000
0003f80000
3 0494543363139363
12
034c00000
034c00000
00146d6561
62d322e3100000000 034c00000
086766965
086766965
086766965
730000040c
0000000000000000
77000003d
77000003d
77000003d
0000002474
0000000000000000
400000024
400000024
400000024
6563680000
00000000000000EP
6c756d690
6c756d690
6c756d690
0430000000
00003f8000
00003f8000
00003f8000
0c72545243
000146d65
000146d65
000146d65
0000043c00

ffd8ffe00010
ffd8ffe0001
4a464946000
04a4649460
1020100c800
001020100c
c80000ffe20c
800c80000ff
584943435f50
e20c584943
T
C.
524f46494c45
435f50524f4
4
00010100000
6494c45000
c484c696e6f0
10100000c4
7.
Sebuah benda melakukan getaran selaras,
21000006d6e
84c696e6f02
maka besaran yang berbanding lurus dengan
74725247422
1000006d6e
simpangannya adalah . . ..
058595a2007
7472524742
A. energi potensialnya D. percepatannya
ce000200090
2058595a20
B. energi kinetiknya E. amplitudonya
00600310000
07ce000200
C. kecepatannya
616373704d5
0900060031
34654000000
0000616373
8.
Sebuah ayunan sederhana, panjang tali
00494543207
704d534654
100 cm, massa benda 100 gr, percepatan gravitasi
35247420000
0000000049
10 m/s2. Kedudukan
tertinggi 20 cm dari
titik
00000000000
4543207352
terendah. Kecepatan
titik
00000000000berayunnya pada4742000000
terendah adalah....
00f6d6000100
0000000000
D.2m/s
000000d32d4
0000000000
20 m/s E. 0,2 m/s
85020200000
00f6d600010
4 m/s
00000000000
0000000d32
00000000000
d485020200
9. Jawaban
Sebuah
melakukan
getaran
selaras
: Bpartikel
Pada saat
pegas telah
diberi
00000000000
0000000000
dengan
frekuensi
Hz dan amplitudo 10 cm.
beban,
maka
mg5 (0,2)(10)
00000000000
0000000000
Kecepatan partikel pada saat berada pada
00000000000
0000000000
simpangan
(dalam
didapat8k cm
= adalah
k = N/m
x 5cm/detik)
x 10 2 1
00000000000
0000000000
00000000000
0000000000
A. 80
D. 30
k = 40 N/m.
Selanjutnya dari f =
00000000000
0000000000
B. 722 m 1
E. 8
00116370727
0000000000
C. 60 40000015000
0000000000
f=
Hz = 2,25 Hz
00003364657
0000000000
2 0,2
10.Sebuah 36300000184
benda bermassa 0,2 kg melakukan
0001163707
gerak harmonis
dengan
amplitudo
0,5
m dan
0000006c777
2740000015
9.
Sebuah
beban
yang
frekuensi
4 47074000001f
Hz. pegas
Besar bila
energidiberi
kinetik
pada
saat
0000000336
massanya 1 kg meregang 1 cm. Beban ditarik
2
simpangannya
1/2 amplitudonya adalah (
=
4657363000
vertikal ke 00000001462
bawah dan bila dilepaskan bergetar
10)
6b707400000
0018400000
harmonik.
saat
energi
potensialnya 20
joule,
A. 120 Pada
Joule
D.
40
Joule
20400000014
06c7774707
pegas
itu
meregang
dari
kedudukan
setimbang
B. 40 Joule
E. 1,2 Joule
7258595a000
4000001f000
sebesar
....Joule
C. 12
00218000000
000014626b
146758595a0
7074000002
0,1 meter
D. 0,3 kinetik
meter suatu benda
11. A.
Pada
saat
energi
yang
000022c0000
0400000014
B.
0,13
meter
E.
0,4
meter
bergerak 00146258595
harmonik sama dengan 7258595a00
energi
C. 0,2 meter
potensialnya,
maka
besar
sudut
fase
dan
fase
a0000024000
0002180000
getarannya adalah

000014646d6
0014675859
Jawaban
: C1/4
mgD.(1)
A. /6 dan
/4 dan 1/4
e6400000254
5a0000022c
(10)
B.

/2
dan
1/8
E.

/4
dan
1/8
k = k=
N/m = 1000 N/m
00000070646
0000001462
2
C.
x 10
/6 Ep
dan
=1/2
1/2 k y2 20 = 1/2
d6464000002
58595a0000
2
0240000000
(1000) yc4000000887
y= 0,2 m
12. Seutas tali
bergetar menurut persamaan14646d6e64
Y = 10
67565640000
Sin 628t dengan
t
adalah
waktu.
Frekuensi
getaran
034c0000008
0000025400
10.
yang
tali Pada
adalah ..67669657700
.. saat energi kinetik benda000070646d
bergetar
selaras
sama
dengan energi potensialnya,
A.10Hz
D.200Hz
0003d400000
6464000002
maka
0246c756d69
E.400Hz
c400000088
0
A. sudut
fasenya
100
Hz 000003f80000
7675656400
0
B. sudut
fasenya
180 00146d65617
00034c0000
C. fasenya
1/4
45 30000040c00
0086766965
D. fasenya
3/4
00002474656
77000003d4
E. percepatannya
nol
36800000430
000000246c
0000000c725
756d690000
Jawaban45243000004
:B
03f80000001
3c0000080c6
46d6561730
75452430000
000040c000
043c0000080
0002474656
c6254524300
3680000043
00043c00000
00000000c7
80c74657874
2545243000
00000000436f
0043c00000

= Tm
perbandingan itu tergantung jenis kawat
perbandingan itu tergantung jenis bandulnya

14. Apabila Ek menyatakan energi kinetik, Ep


menyatakan energi potensial, dan Em energi
mekanik suatu getaran selaras, maka pada, saat
simpangan getaran maksimum ....
A. Ek = Em dan Ep = 0
B. Ek = 1/2 Ep
C.Ek = 0 dan a = 0
D. Ek = 0, Ep = Em
E. Ek = Ep = 1/2 Em
15. Sebuah partikel menempel diujung sebuah
garpu tala sehingga turut bergetar harmonik
bersama dengan amplitudo 1 mm. Kccepatan
partikel pada saat melalui titik setimbang 2 m/s.
Frekuensi garpu tala adalah . . . A.500/ D. 1250/
Hz

B. 0 cm dan 1,8 cm
C. 1 cm dan 0,5 cm
D. 0,5 cm dan 1 cm
E. 1,5 cm dan 1 cm
20. Sebuah benda bermassa 0,2 kg melakukan
gerak harmonis dengan amplitudo 0,5 m dan
adalah
? (? pada saat
frekuensi 4 Hz. Besar energi
kinetik
=
10)
simpangannya 1/2 amplitudonya
A. 120 Joule
2
D. 40 Joule
B. 40 Joule
E. 1,2 Joule
C. 12 Joule

B. l000/ Hz E. 900/ Hz
C. 800/ Hz
16. Energi getaran selaras ....
A.
berbanding terbalik dengan kuadrat
amplitudonya
B.
berbanding terbalik dengan periodenya
C.
berbanding lurus dengan kuadrat
amplitudonya
D.
berbanding lurus dengan kuadrat
periodenya
E.
berbanding lurus dengan amplitudonya
17. Kecepatan sebuah benda bergerak selaras
sederhana adalah ....
A. terbesar pada simpangan terbesar
B. berbanding terbalik dengan periodenya
C. terbesar pada simpangan terkecil
D. tidak tergantung pada frekuensi getaran
E. tidak tergantung simpangannya
18. Sebuah partikel melakukan getaran selaras
sederhana. Jumlah energi kinetik dan energi
potensialnya adalah
A. tetap
B. sebanding dengan massa partikel
C.
sebanding dengan pangkat dua dari
frekuensi
E. sebanding dengan amplitudo getaran
19. Sebuah titik bergetar selaras dengan waktu
getar 1,20 detik dan amplitudo 3,6 cm. Pada saat t
= 0 detik, titik itu melewati titik
kesetimbangannya ke arah atas, maka
simpangannya pada saat t = 0,1 detik dan t = 1,8
detik adalah ....
A. 1,8 cm dan 0 cm

13. Periode
getaran selaras yang terjadi pada
sebuah bandul sederhana pada waktu siang adalah
Ts dan pada waktu malam yang dingin Tm. Jika
dibandingkan maka....
A. Ts > Tm
B. Ts < Tm